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Results 801 - 850 of 1869
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Demirel Gamze - - 2011
AIM: To examine the effects of ibuprofen used for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treatment on the production of the proinflammatory cytokines C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in preterm septic newborns. METHODS: Patients with acute phase reactant elevation were divided into two groups according to receiving ibuprofen (Group I, ...
Cardona-Torres L M - - 2011
We compared the response of temperature adaptation in preterm infants using the polyethylene wrap with and without previous drying versus the sterile preheated field. Both groups of polyethylene use achieved a mean axillary temperature of 36.5c at 30 minutes compared with 75 minutes for the group of traditional care. At ...
Powis Kathleen M - - 2011
Protease inhibitor (PI)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) use in pregnancy has been associated with preterm deliveries in some observational studies. HIV-infected, HAART-naive pregnant women with CD4+ counts ≥200 cells/mm(3) were randomized between 26 and 34 weeks gestation to lopinavir/ritonavir/zidovudine/lamivudine (PI group) or abacavir/zidovudine/lamivudine (NRTI group) in a clinical trial ...
Ozonoff Sally - - 2011
The recurrence risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is estimated to be between 3% and 10%, but previous research was limited by small sample sizes and biases related to ascertainment, reporting, and stoppage factors. This study used prospective methods to obtain an updated estimate of sibling recurrence risk for ASD. ...
Cole Conrad R CR Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA. - - 2012
To examine pathogens and other characteristics associated with late-onset bloodstream infections (BSIs) in infants with intestinal failure (IF) as a consequence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Infants weighing 401-1500 g at birth who survived for >72 hours and received care at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
Whitmore G A - - 2011
Summary Birth weight and gestational age are important measures of a newborn's intrinsic health, serving both as outcome measures and explanatory variables in health studies. The measures are highly correlated but occasionally inconsistent. We anticipate that health researchers and other scientists would be helped by summary indexes of birth weight ...
Fairchild Karen D KD Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA. - - 2011
To determine whether neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission hypothermia is associated with an intrauterine inflammatory response. We analyzed a cohort of 309 very low birthweight infants to determine relationships between admission hypothermia, chorioamnionitis, and serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Admission hypothermia <36°C ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
We sought to assess the association between air particulate pollutants and feto-infant morbidity outcomes across racial/ethnic subgroups. This is a retrospective cohort study from 2000 through 2007 based on three linked databases: (1) The Florida Hospital Discharge database; (2) The vital statistics records of singleton live births in Florida; (3) ...
Göksun Tilbe - - 2011
To learn relational terms such as verbs and prepositions, children must first dissect and process dynamic event components. This paper investigates the way in which 8- to 14-month-old English-reared infants notice the event components, figure (i.e., the moving entity) and ground (i.e., stationary setting), in both dynamic (Experiment 1) and ...
Koerber Amy - - 2011
This article reports on a subset of data from nine focus groups. Participants included new and expectant mothers and their partners, friends, and relatives. The larger goal of the focus groups was to understand local infant-feeding practices of mothers in our region. The subset of data reported in this article ...
Basu Sudeepta Kumar - - 2011
Abstract Background: Antenatal magnesium sulfate can potentially reduce the risk of cerebral palsy in neonates delivered between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. Some studies using high-dose magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection have reported increased perinatal mortality. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 475 neonates born between 24 and ...
Abrahams Sheryl W - - 2011
Human milk provides infants with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory agents that contribute to optimal immune system function. The act of breastfeeding allows important bacterial and hormonal interactions between the mother and baby and impacts the mouth, tongue, swallow, and eustachian tubes. Previous meta-analyses have shown that lack of breastfeeding and ...
Vijlbrief Daniel C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a useful biomarker in evaluating the course of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and the effectiveness of treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study of infants with clinical and echocardiographic signs of PPHN, who were treated with inhaled nitric ...
Mandel Romain - - 2011
Objectives To determine if the addition of an inhaled equimolar mixture of nitrous oxide (N(2)O) and oxygen (EMONO) would produce superior pain relief to standard pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures during eye examination screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants. Study design A randomised, double-blind controlled trial was conducted. ...
Bakar F T - - 2011
Background  We hypothesized that Caesarean delivered babies might experience excessive weight loss during neonatal period. Aim  To investigate amount of weight loss among Caesarean delivered babies with exclusive breastfeeding and to identify role of relative weight change (RWC) in early postnatal period on the growth of infants in subsequent months. ...
Holleman Annique C - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to discuss a chiropractic case of management and resolution of breast-feeding difficulties. The case involves an 8-day-old baby unable to breast-feed since 4 days old. Initial examination revealed cervical, cranial, and sacral restrictions. She was diagnosed with craniocervical syndrome by a doctor of chiropractic. ...
Osungbade Kayode O - - 2011
A case-controlled analytic study involving 406 singleton unbooked and 396 singleton booked births was conducted. Unbooked births constituted 16.6% of all births during the study. Booked births were half as likely to preterm than unbooked births (43, 10.9% vs 81, 20.0%; p<0.001). Unbooked births were seven times more likely to ...
Lee Lorri A - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The rate of autopsy in hospital deaths has declined from more than 50% to 2.4% over the past 50 yr. To understand the role of autopsies in anesthesia malpractice claims, we examined 980 closed claims for deaths that occurred in 1990 or later in the American Society of Anesthesiologists ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed E - - 2011
Objective To characterise the actuarial day-by-day survival of premature infants in a geographically defined population. Setting 10 Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in New South Wales (NSW) and Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. Design Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data as part of NICUs' data collection in NSW and ACT. ...
Rommel N - - 2011
Background  Poor feeding is a common cause of prolonged hospitalization of preterm infants. Pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function of preterm infants has been technically difficult to assess and is therefore poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to assess the development of pharyngeal motility, UES function, and ...
Dellava Jocilyn E - - 2012
This exploratory study assessed whether maternal recall of childhood feeding and eating practices differed across anorexia nervosa (AN) subtypes. Participants were 325 women from the Genetics of Anorexia Nervosa study whose mothers completed a childhood feeding and eating questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to predict AN subtype from ...
Czernik Christoph - - 2011
Objective: The goal of this study was to evaluate urinary N-terminal fragment of B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations, normalized to creatinine (UNBCR), to predict morbidities at discharge in preterm infants. Methods: UNBCR were determined in urine collected on day of life (DOL) 2, 7, 14, and 28 in 136 preterm infants ...
Karabel Musemma - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate whether separation anxiety disorder (SAD) develops in the later life of the infants, who were separated from their mothers in relation to being in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods: A group of 57 children, ages over 6 years old who were cared in NICU has been ...
Richards Rickelle - - 2011
Objective: To describe selected demographics; maternal health behaviors before, during, and after pregnancy; and infant health outcomes among homeless women in the United States. Patients and Methods: Analyses are based on Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data from 31 participating states from 2000 to 2007 that were linked to birth ...
Hawkes Colin P - - 2011
Background: There is increasing evidence that in utero growth has both immediate and far-reaching influence on health. Birth weight and length are used as surrogate measures of in utero growth. However, these measures poorly reflect neonatal adiposity. Air-displacement plethysmography has been validated for the measurement of body fat in the ...
Ramos-Jorge Joana - - 2011
Objective: To assess the association between primary tooth eruption and the manifestation of signs and symptoms of teething in infants. Methods: An 8-month, longitudinal study was conducted with 47 noninstitutionalized infants (ie, receiving care at home) between 5 and 15 months of age in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. The ...
Zuccotti Gianvincenzo - - 2011
There is evidence suggesting that early events in life may predispose the adult to osteoporosis. We assessed bone status by quantitative ultrasonography in healthy neonates, and we report the changes occurring during the first year of life, according to the type of early feeding. We measured the speed of sound ...
Ma Ping - - 2011
Positive deviance inquiry is effective in identifying advantageous health behaviors and improving health outcomes among disadvantaged resource-poor populations. The objective of this study was to apply the positive deviance concept to explore the characteristics of positive deviants for breastfeeding among WIC-enrolled first-time mothers in Louisiana. The cross sectional study included ...
Sarfi Monica - - 2011
A number of studies point to methadone exposure in utero as a possible risk factor in the developing mother-infant relationship in the first year of life. This study is part of a larger, national follow-up of 38 infants prenatally exposed to methadone or buprenorphine and 36 comparison, low-risk infants. The ...
Maguire Anne A Centre for Oral Health Research, School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, UK. - - 2012
The level of Fluoride exposure needed to cause dental fluorosis is not known precisely. An awareness of total F intake from all sources, especially during the critical stages of dental development during infancy and early childhood, is important in preventing the development of dental fluorosis. The aim of the study ...
Schenkein Harvey A - - 2012
It was hypothesized that if periodontal infections predispose low birth weights and premature birth, then such outcomes should be apparent when the mother has aggressive periodontitis (AgP). Birth weight data were collected by questionnaire from females with AgP, their periodontally healthy siblings, and unrelated periodontally healthy women. Both prospective and ...
Zhang Lu - - 2011
The rapid emergence of antibiotic resistance (AR) is a major public health concern. Recent findings on the prevalence of food-borne antibiotic-resistant (ART) commensal bacteria in ready-to-consume food products suggested that daily food consumption likely serves as a major avenue for dissemination of ART bacteria from the food chain to human ...
Wommack Joel C JC School of Nursing, The University of Texas, Austin, - - 2013
Among Hispanics living in the United States, acculturation is associated with an increased risk for preterm birth. Inflammatory pathways are also associated with preterm birth. As such, the current study sought to investigate the potential relationships among preterm birth, acculturation of Hispanic women, and inflammatory markers. The authors performed an ...
Faulhaber Fabrizia R S - - 2011
Information on leukocyte activation in newborn infants of preeclamptic mothers is scarce. IL-8 and GRO-α are the main pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in leukocyte activation. The objective was to evaluate IL-8 and GRO-α plasma levels in preterm newborns infants of preeclamptic mothers. Newborns with gestational age <36weeks and birth weight <2000g ...
Kaempf J W - - 2012
It remains unclear whether indomethacin (INDO) and/or surgical ligation (LIGATE) are necessary to improve outcomes in premature infants with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We have adopted a conservative approach to PDA management that emphasizes waiting for spontaneous closure unless certain cardiorespiratory distress criteria are met. This was a before-after ...
Binet Marie-Eve - - 2011
We investigated the effect of gender on survival and short-term outcomes of extremely premature infants (≤27 weeks) born in Canada. The records of infants admitted between 2000 and 2005 to a neonatal intensive care unit participating in the Canadian Neonatal Network were reviewed for infant gender, birth weight, gestational age, ...
Hemmi Mirja H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Variability in infant sleep and negative affective behavior (NAB) is a developmental phenomenon that has long been of interest to researchers and clinicians. However, analyses and delineation of such temporal patterns were often limited to basic statistical approaches, which may prevent adequate identification of meaningful variation within these patterns. ...
Ofek-Shlomai N - - 2011
In this study, we examine the possible association between treatment with vancomycin and colonization with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Variables compared between newborns which developed rectal colonization and those who did not include: gestational age, birth weight, gender, and total length of hospital ...
Chen Melissa J - - 2011
Psychosocial stress has been identified as a potential risk factor for preterm birth. However, an association has not been found consistently, and a consensus on the extent to which stress and preterm birth are linked is still lacking. A literature search was performed with a combination of keywords and MeSH ...
Meier P P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness, efficiency, comfort and convenience of newly designed breast pump suction patterns (BPSPs) that mimic sucking patterns of the breastfeeding human infant during the initiation and maintenance of lactation. In total, 105 mothers of premature infants ≤34 weeks of gestation were ...
New K - - 2011
Objectives To determine the effects on weight gain and temperature control of transferring preterm infants from incubators to open cots at a weight of 1600 g versus a weight of 1800 g. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting One tertiary and two regional neonatal units in public hospitals in Queensland, Australia. ...
Atun-Einy Osnat - - 2011
This longitudinal study of 27 infants examined the development of pulling-to-stand (PTS). In general, infants began PTS using a two-leg strategy and transitioned to a half-kneel strategy. As a group, infants showed no preference for either strategy at the onset of PTS, switching between strategies until half-kneeling became the dominant ...
Adgent Margaret A MA Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27709-2233, USA. - - 2011
Soy-based infant formula contains high levels of isoflavones. These estrogen-like compounds have been shown to induce changes in sexually dimorphic behaviors in animals exposed in early development. We examined gender-role play behavior in relation to soy-based and non-soy-based infant feeding methods among children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents ...
Sipes Megan - - 2011
Objective: Compares infants and toddlers with intellectual and developmental conditions in regard to the presence of challenging behaviour. Methods: Parents and caregivers to 140 children ranging from 17-35 months with five different conditions (Down syndrome (n = 23), developmental delay (n = 18), prematurity (n = 56), Cerebral Palsy (n = 15) and Seizure disorder (n = 28)) were administered ...
Uva Maurizio G - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and central corneal thickness (CCT) in premature and full-term newborns. METHODS: IOP and CCT were determined in 33 premature (mean [± SD] gestational age 31 ± 3 weeks, mean birth weight 1474 ± 354 g) and in 33 full-term white newborns (mean gestational age ...
Roda Célina - - 2011
Certain chemical pollutants can exacerbate lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs), a common childhood ailment. Although formaldehyde (FA) is one of the most common air pollutants found in indoor environments, its impact on infant health is uncertain. Our aim was to determine the impact of FA exposure on the LRI incidence ...
McEvoy J - - 2011
Background  Bereavement is potentially a time of disruption and emotional distress. For individuals with an intellectual disability (ID), a limited understanding of the concept of death may exacerbate this distress. The aim of the present study was to investigate how individuals with ID understand and explain death and make sense ...
Cicchetti Dante - - 2011
Longitudinal effects of child maltreatment on cortisol regulation in infants from age 1 to 3 years were investigated in the context of a randomized preventive intervention trial. Thirteen-month-old infants from maltreating families (N = 91) and their mothers were randomly assigned to one of three intervention conditions: child-parent psychotherapy, psychoeducational ...
Williams Brent A - - 2011
Transient leukemia (TL), defined by circulating nonlymphoid blast in the peripheral blood, occurs in approximately 10% of infants with constitutional trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). The TL phenotype may also occur in newborns who do not have clinical signs of Down syndrome but nonconstitutional trisomy 21 due to mosaicism. We report ...
Huang Ying - - 2011
We describe a communicating esophageal duplication in a newborn infant, without any other associated congenital anomalies. The diagnosis of esophageal duplication was achieved by a contrast study of the esophagus with diatrizoate and computed tomographic scan. Surgical excision of the esophageal duplication was carried out. At the 1-year follow-up examination, ...
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