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Results 801 - 850 of 1901
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Smith Cally - - 2011
ABSTRACT The Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) are parent-report screening tools to identify infants at risk of developmental difficulties. The purpose of this study was to examine validity and internal reliability of the fine motor developmental area of the ASQ, 2nd edition (ASQ2-FM) for screening 12-month-old infants following major surgery. ...
Windram Jonathan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: MRI in small children generally necessitates the use of general anesthesia. OBJECTIVE: We describe our initial results with a new technique that we name the feed-and-sleep method, whereby an infant can undergo a cardiac MRI without the need for general anesthesia or sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The infant is ...
Berrington Janet Elizabeth - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To establish how cause of death for live-born preterm infants (24-31 weeks gestation) has changed in a single large UK population over 2 decades. STUDY DESIGN: This was an interrogation of a population-based survey of >680 000 live births (between 1988 and 2008) for deaths in the first postnatal year. ...
Scott J Anthony G - - 2011
In developing countries, newborn immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) could protect young infants who are at high risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) but might lead to immune tolerance. In a randomized trial, young infants received 7-valent PCV at 6, 10, and 14 weeks (Expanded Programme on Immunization [EPI] ...
Piteo A M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: In children aged 3-12years snoring is associated with significant neurocognitive and behavioural deficits; however, there are few studies that have considered both the prevalence of snoring in infants and associated factors that may influence the development of snoring. The goal of the present study was to examine sleep, snoring ...
Ajao Taiwo I - - 2011
The goal of this qualitative study was to examine factors influencing decisions by black parents regarding use of soft bedding and sleep surfaces for their infants. We conducted focus groups and individual interviews with black mothers of lower and higher socioeconomic status (SES). Mothers were asked about many infant care ...
Newman Thomas B - - 2012
Use of instrumental variables is gaining popularity as a method of controlling for confounding by indication in observational studies of treatments. To illustrate how unmeasured instrument-level treatment substitution can distort effect size estimates using as an example an instrumental variable analysis of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. Retrospective cohort study. Northern ...
Aminisani Nayyereh - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of zinc supplementation on growth of low birth weight (LBW) infants aged 1-6 mo. METHODS: LBW infants were enrolled at birth and randomly assigned to receive 5 mg elemental Zn per day (n = 45) or placebo (n = 45) until 6 mo of age. They were followed monthly for information on ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2011
Objective. To compare the incidence of postdischarge feeding dysfunction and hospital/subspecialty visits for feeding problems during the first year of life in late (34 to 366/7weeks) and early-preterm (25 to 336/7weeks) infants. Methods. In this prospective study, the authors sent questionnaires to parents of early (n = 319) and late ...
Thomas Cameron W CW Department of Neurology, MLC 2015, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., Cincinnati, OH, USA. - - 2012
To compare continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) vs. traditional mechanical ventilation (MV) at 24 h of age as predictors of neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants at 18-22 months corrected gestational age (CGA). Infants ≤1000 g birth weight born from January 2000 through December 2006 at ...
Klingenberg Claus - - 2011
Objective To evaluate enteral feeding practices in neonatal units in different countries and on different continents. Design A web-based survey of 127 tertiary neonatal intensive care units in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the UK. Results 124 units (98%) responded. 59 units (48%) had a breast ...
Smith Candice K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: There is limited data regarding rotavirus vaccine shedding in premature infants. We describe the natural history of rotavirus shedding in premature infants in the 2-week period following first immunization with RotaTeq(®), the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5), and the risk for symptomatic transmission to household contacts (HHC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Wingate M S - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study was to examine risks of preterm births, quantify the explanatory power achieved by adding medical and obstetric risk factors to the models and to examine temporal changes in preterm birth due to changes in Medicaid eligibility and the establishment of a maternal-fetal medicine referral system.Study ...
Schuster Susanne - - 2011
The adipokine leptin has been detected in human breast milk but its effect on postnatal growth and development remains largely unclear. We hypothesized that leptin could affect on infant's body weight gain during early lactation in the first six months of life. Therefore, we evaluated leptin levels in maternal serum ...
Chong Neto Herberto José - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine epidemiological changes in recurrent wheezing among infants in Curitiba, Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used the questionnaire Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes (EISL). Parents of infants aged 12 to 15 months completed the instrument from August 2005 to December 2006 (phase I) and from September 2009 ...
van Kooij Britt J M - - 2011
White matter microstructural changes can be detected with Diffusion Tensor Imaging. It was hypothesized that diffusion parameters in the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) and corpus callosum (CC) bundles in preterm infants at term equivalent age (TEA) were associated with neurodevelopment at two years corrected age. In 67 ...
van der Gugten A C - - 2012
The aim of our study was to investigate the association between rapid weight gain in the first 3 months of life and the prevalence of wheeze in the first years of life and lung function at 5 yrs of age. The infants selected were participating in an ongoing birth cohort. ...
Midulla F - - 2012
The association between bronchiolitis and recurrent wheezing remains controversial. In this prospective study, we assessed risk factors for recurrent wheezing during a 12-month follow-up in 313 infants aged <12 months hospitalised for their first episode of bronchiolitis. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were obtained with a questionnaire and from medical ...
Backes C H - - 2012
Each year in the US ∼50 000 neonates receive inpatient pharmacotherapy for the treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The objective of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of a traditional inpatient only approach with a combined inpatient and outpatient methadone treatment program. Retrospective review (2007 to 2009). ...
Hay Dale F DF School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. - - 2011
This study tested the hypothesis that 12-month-old infants' use of force against peers is associated with known risk factors for violence. We conducted a prospective longitudinal study, which included laboratory observations of firstborn British infants (N = 271) during simulated birthday parties. No gender differences in aggressiveness were observed. The ...
Ball Helen L HL Parent-Infant Sleep Lab & Medical Anthropology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, Durham University, UK. - - 2012
In the UK, infants of South Asian parents have a lower rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) than White British infants. Infant care and life style behaviours are strongly associated with SIDS risk. This paper describes and explores variability in infant care between White British and South Asian families ...
Heuchan Anne Marie - - 2011
Objective To determine morbidity, mortality and associated risk factors following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation in premature infants. Methods Retrospective case note audit of premature infants referred to a national paediatric cardiothoracic surgical service (2001-2007) with univariate and multivariate analysis of potential risk factors for mortality and morbidity. Results 125 ...
Wachman Elisha M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the relationship between maternal opioid agonists, methadone, or buprenorphine (BPH), and concurrent psychiatric medication use on length of hospitalization (LOS) among infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). METHODS:: We reviewed the charts of infants born at Boston Medical Center between 2003 and 2009 with a diagnosis of ...
Rzehak Peter - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous analysis in a prospective, population-based cohort reported reduced weight gain in children fed extensively hydrolyzed casein (eHF-C) formula during the first year of life but showed no effect on growth between 1 and 6 y of life. No studies have been conducted in children up to the age ...
Gage Heather - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The programming concept suggests that poor early nutrition causes an array of medical problems later in life. Public health messages about the implications of programming may not be reaching parents and influencing infant feeding behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The views of new mothers were sought about the extent to which lifelong ...
El-Tras Wael F - - 2011
Occurrence of aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)) in infant formula milk powder (IFMP) and maternal breast milk (MBM) was investigated as a risk factor affects the health of newborns in Egypt. A total of 125 IFMP and 125 MBM samples were collected and examined for the presence of AFM(1) using competitive ELISA ...
van Rijn Margreet - - 2011
In phenylketonuria (PKU) patients, diurnal fluctuations of blood phenylalanine (Phe) are different from healthy individuals. Until now this pattern has been studied in PKU patients over one year of age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this observational study was to investigate diurnal patterns in PKU infants under one year of age ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia - - 2011
We sought to determine the proportion of evidence-based (EB), vs non-EB (NEB) iatrogenic late preterm birth, and to compare corresponding rates of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. We performed a retrospective cohort study. Cases were categorized as EB or NEB. NICU admission was compared between groups in both univariate ...
Lundqvist-Persson Cristina - - 2011
Aim:  To assess the development of preterm infants from 40 weeks gestational age to 18 months corrected age in order to identify early predictors of later development. Methods:  Fifty-one infants were involved. Infant development was assessed at 40 and 44 weeks gestational age with the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale ...
Wu Kusheng - - 2011
Primitive electronic-waste recycling resulted in serious pollution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the environment of Guiyu, China. We aimed to assess body burdens of PCBs and potential health risks for neonates. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples were collected from Guiyu, and the control area of Chaonan, China. PCBs in UCB ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2011
AIM: To examine the effects of ibuprofen used for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) treatment on the production of the proinflammatory cytokines C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in preterm septic newborns. METHODS: Patients with acute phase reactant elevation were divided into two groups according to receiving ibuprofen (Group I, ...
Cardona-Torres L M - - 2011
We compared the response of temperature adaptation in preterm infants using the polyethylene wrap with and without previous drying versus the sterile preheated field. Both groups of polyethylene use achieved a mean axillary temperature of 36.5c at 30 minutes compared with 75 minutes for the group of traditional care. At ...
Powis Kathleen M - - 2011
Protease inhibitor (PI)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) use in pregnancy has been associated with preterm deliveries in some observational studies. HIV-infected, HAART-naive pregnant women with CD4+ counts ≥200 cells/mm(3) were randomized between 26 and 34 weeks gestation to lopinavir/ritonavir/zidovudine/lamivudine (PI group) or abacavir/zidovudine/lamivudine (NRTI group) in a clinical trial ...
Ozonoff Sally - - 2011
The recurrence risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is estimated to be between 3% and 10%, but previous research was limited by small sample sizes and biases related to ascertainment, reporting, and stoppage factors. This study used prospective methods to obtain an updated estimate of sibling recurrence risk for ASD. ...
Cole Conrad R CR Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA. - - 2012
To examine pathogens and other characteristics associated with late-onset bloodstream infections (BSIs) in infants with intestinal failure (IF) as a consequence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Infants weighing 401-1500 g at birth who survived for >72 hours and received care at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
Whitmore G A - - 2011
Summary Birth weight and gestational age are important measures of a newborn's intrinsic health, serving both as outcome measures and explanatory variables in health studies. The measures are highly correlated but occasionally inconsistent. We anticipate that health researchers and other scientists would be helped by summary indexes of birth weight ...
Fairchild Karen D KD Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA. - - 2011
To determine whether neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission hypothermia is associated with an intrauterine inflammatory response. We analyzed a cohort of 309 very low birthweight infants to determine relationships between admission hypothermia, chorioamnionitis, and serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Admission hypothermia <36°C ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
We sought to assess the association between air particulate pollutants and feto-infant morbidity outcomes across racial/ethnic subgroups. This is a retrospective cohort study from 2000 through 2007 based on three linked databases: (1) The Florida Hospital Discharge database; (2) The vital statistics records of singleton live births in Florida; (3) ...
Göksun Tilbe - - 2011
To learn relational terms such as verbs and prepositions, children must first dissect and process dynamic event components. This paper investigates the way in which 8- to 14-month-old English-reared infants notice the event components, figure (i.e., the moving entity) and ground (i.e., stationary setting), in both dynamic (Experiment 1) and ...
Koerber Amy - - 2011
This article reports on a subset of data from nine focus groups. Participants included new and expectant mothers and their partners, friends, and relatives. The larger goal of the focus groups was to understand local infant-feeding practices of mothers in our region. The subset of data reported in this article ...
Basu Sudeepta Kumar - - 2011
Abstract Background: Antenatal magnesium sulfate can potentially reduce the risk of cerebral palsy in neonates delivered between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. Some studies using high-dose magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection have reported increased perinatal mortality. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 475 neonates born between 24 and ...
Abrahams Sheryl W - - 2011
Human milk provides infants with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory agents that contribute to optimal immune system function. The act of breastfeeding allows important bacterial and hormonal interactions between the mother and baby and impacts the mouth, tongue, swallow, and eustachian tubes. Previous meta-analyses have shown that lack of breastfeeding and ...
Vijlbrief Daniel C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a useful biomarker in evaluating the course of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and the effectiveness of treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study of infants with clinical and echocardiographic signs of PPHN, who were treated with inhaled nitric ...
Mandel Romain - - 2011
Objectives To determine if the addition of an inhaled equimolar mixture of nitrous oxide (N(2)O) and oxygen (EMONO) would produce superior pain relief to standard pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures during eye examination screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants. Study design A randomised, double-blind controlled trial was conducted. ...
Bakar F T - - 2011
Background  We hypothesized that Caesarean delivered babies might experience excessive weight loss during neonatal period. Aim  To investigate amount of weight loss among Caesarean delivered babies with exclusive breastfeeding and to identify role of relative weight change (RWC) in early postnatal period on the growth of infants in subsequent months. ...
Holleman Annique C - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to discuss a chiropractic case of management and resolution of breast-feeding difficulties. The case involves an 8-day-old baby unable to breast-feed since 4 days old. Initial examination revealed cervical, cranial, and sacral restrictions. She was diagnosed with craniocervical syndrome by a doctor of chiropractic. ...
Osungbade Kayode O - - 2011
A case-controlled analytic study involving 406 singleton unbooked and 396 singleton booked births was conducted. Unbooked births constituted 16.6% of all births during the study. Booked births were half as likely to preterm than unbooked births (43, 10.9% vs 81, 20.0%; p<0.001). Unbooked births were seven times more likely to ...
Lee Lorri A - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The rate of autopsy in hospital deaths has declined from more than 50% to 2.4% over the past 50 yr. To understand the role of autopsies in anesthesia malpractice claims, we examined 980 closed claims for deaths that occurred in 1990 or later in the American Society of Anesthesiologists ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed E - - 2011
Objective To characterise the actuarial day-by-day survival of premature infants in a geographically defined population. Setting 10 Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in New South Wales (NSW) and Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. Design Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data as part of NICUs' data collection in NSW and ACT. ...
Rommel N - - 2011
Background  Poor feeding is a common cause of prolonged hospitalization of preterm infants. Pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function of preterm infants has been technically difficult to assess and is therefore poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to assess the development of pharyngeal motility, UES function, and ...
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