Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1869
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Pedroso Fleming S - - 2011
A cohort study was conducted with a random sample of 33 healthy infants evaluated at birth and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 12 months to determine the frequency of respiratory rate changes in response to air blown over the face (diving reflex) in the first year ...
Ryckman Kelli K - - 2012
To examine associations between rs9883204 in ADCY5 and rs900400 near LEKR1 and CCNL1 with birth weight in a preterm population. Both markers were associated with birth weight in a term population in a recent genome-wide association study of Freathy et al. A meta-analysis of mother and infant samples was performed for ...
Ahman Elisabeth - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The 1990-2008 estimates for the maternal mortality associated with unsafe abortion require a re-examination. OBJECTIVE: To provide the latest estimates of the mortality associated with unsafe abortion and to examine trends within the framework of new maternal mortality estimates. SEARCH STRATEGY: Extensive search of databases and websites for country- ...
Harley Kim G - - 2011
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a class of persistent compounds that have been used as flame retardants in vehicles, household furnishings, and consumer electronics. This study examined whether concentrations of PBDEs in maternal serum during pregnancy were associated with infant birth weight, length, head circumference, and length of gestation. Participants ...
Puche Miguel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Coronoid hyperplasia (CH) is an abnormal bony elongation of a histologically normal coronoid process. Its definitive cause remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the possible implication of congenital hypotonia in the pathogenesis of early coronoid overgrowth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two infants with congenital hypotonia were evaluated for limited mouth aperture. ...
Simcock Gabrielle - - 2011
Infants can imitate a novel action sequence from television and picture books, yet there has been no direct comparison of infants' imitation from the 2 types of media. Varying the narrative cues available during the demonstration and test, the current experiments measured 18- and 24-month-olds' imitation from television and picture ...
Orth Robert C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Acute testicular ischemia caused by an incarcerated inguinal hernia usually affects infants. There are few reports of diagnosis using US, and the effect of long-standing reducible hernias on testicular growth in infants and children is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of testicular ...
Reismann Marc - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The size of congenital pulmonary malformation (CPM) in infants might interfere with the feasibility of thoracoscopic resection. This study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of the size of CPM on the applicability of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in infants. METHODS: Twenty-two infants were operated on for CPM from ...
Jiménez-Rubio Dolores - - 2011
This study re-examines the hypothesis that shifts towards more decentralization would be accompanied by improvements in population health on a panel of 20 OECD countries over a thirty year period (1970-2001). Decentralization is proxied using a conventional indicator of revenue decentralization and a new measure of fiscal decentralization that reflects ...
Grisaru-Granovsky Sorina - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the impact of severity of growth restriction on mortality and major neonatal morbidity among very-low-birthweight small-for-gestational-age infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based observational study using data collected by the Israel National Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infant Database 1995 through 2007 including infants 24-31 weeks' gestation, with birthweight ...
Hahn-Holbrook Jennifer - - 2011
Mothers in numerous species exhibit heightened aggression in defense of their young. This shift typically coincides with the duration of lactation in nonhuman mammals, which suggests that human mothers may display similarly accentuated aggressiveness while breast feeding. Here we report the first behavioral evidence for heightened aggression in lactating humans. ...
Woo S J - - 2011
To determine the relative effect of birth weight and gestational age on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) using preterm twin pairs discordant for birth weight. This study was a retrospective cohort study including 55 consecutive twin pairs of 110 preterm infants (gestational age ≤33 weeks). The outcomes of ROP including occurrence ...
Eidem I - - 2011
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to estimate the risks of adverse birth outcomes such as stillbirth, infant death, preterm birth and pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes, compared with the background population. We further aimed to explore the risks of adverse birth outcomes in preterm and term ...
Abuqamar Mazen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Infant death rate has declined over the past decades, yet remains high in Palestine. The topic of infant death is well researched and for the first time in Palestine. The objective of our study is to assess the level of awareness and health behaviour of mothers and how this ...
Langlois Peter H - - 2011
Few studies have reported time trends for total birth defects or for a comprehensive range of phenotypes. We examined data from the Texas Birth Defects Registry (TBDR) from 1999 through 2007. Poisson regression was used to fit trend lines to birth prevalence over time for total birth defects (each infant/fetus ...
Poets Christian F - - 2011
When asked to address the above question, findings that appeared to be among the most relevant included (1) interventions in the delivery room directed at supporting the physiological transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life rather than actively intervening in it; (2) recent data suggesting that keeping extremely low-gestational age neonates ...
Tluczek Audrey - - 2011
We identified factors associated with elevated parental perceptions of child vulnerability (PPCV) 12 months after newborn screening (NBS) of 136 children: healthy, normal results (H, n = 37), cystic fibrosis carriers (CF-C, n = 40), congenital hypothyroidism (CH, n = 36), and cystic fibrosis (CF, n = 23). Controlling for infant and parent characteristics, mixed logit structural equation ...
Moorman Joseph Randall - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that heart rate characteristics (HRC) monitoring improves neonatal outcomes. We conducted a two-group, parallel, individually randomized controlled clinical trial of 3003 very low birth weight infants in 9 neonatal intensive care units. In one group, HRC monitoring was displayed; in the other, it was masked. The ...
Wright Charlotte M CM PEACH Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, QMH Tower, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow G3 8SJ, UK. - - 2011
An understanding of how infant eating behaviour relates to later obesity is required if interventions in infancy are to be attempted. The aim of this paper is to review findings from the Gateshead Millennium Study to describe (i) what we have already established about the relationship between infant feeding transitions, ...
Boyle Jennifer D JD Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Hull, - - 2013
Until recently, infants born at moderate preterm (32-33 weeks) and late preterm (34-36 weeks) gestations have gone largely unstudied. Since their outcomes were thought to be similar to those of infants born at 37 weeks and above, they have historically been managed in much the same way as infants born ...
Smith Cally - - 2011
ABSTRACT The Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) are parent-report screening tools to identify infants at risk of developmental difficulties. The purpose of this study was to examine validity and internal reliability of the fine motor developmental area of the ASQ, 2nd edition (ASQ2-FM) for screening 12-month-old infants following major surgery. ...
Windram Jonathan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: MRI in small children generally necessitates the use of general anesthesia. OBJECTIVE: We describe our initial results with a new technique that we name the feed-and-sleep method, whereby an infant can undergo a cardiac MRI without the need for general anesthesia or sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The infant is ...
Berrington Janet Elizabeth - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To establish how cause of death for live-born preterm infants (24-31 weeks gestation) has changed in a single large UK population over 2 decades. STUDY DESIGN: This was an interrogation of a population-based survey of >680 000 live births (between 1988 and 2008) for deaths in the first postnatal year. ...
Scott J Anthony G - - 2011
In developing countries, newborn immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) could protect young infants who are at high risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) but might lead to immune tolerance. In a randomized trial, young infants received 7-valent PCV at 6, 10, and 14 weeks (Expanded Programme on Immunization [EPI] ...
Piteo A M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: In children aged 3-12years snoring is associated with significant neurocognitive and behavioural deficits; however, there are few studies that have considered both the prevalence of snoring in infants and associated factors that may influence the development of snoring. The goal of the present study was to examine sleep, snoring ...
Ajao Taiwo I - - 2011
The goal of this qualitative study was to examine factors influencing decisions by black parents regarding use of soft bedding and sleep surfaces for their infants. We conducted focus groups and individual interviews with black mothers of lower and higher socioeconomic status (SES). Mothers were asked about many infant care ...
Newman Thomas B - - 2012
Use of instrumental variables is gaining popularity as a method of controlling for confounding by indication in observational studies of treatments. To illustrate how unmeasured instrument-level treatment substitution can distort effect size estimates using as an example an instrumental variable analysis of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. Retrospective cohort study. Northern ...
Aminisani Nayyereh - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of zinc supplementation on growth of low birth weight (LBW) infants aged 1-6 mo. METHODS: LBW infants were enrolled at birth and randomly assigned to receive 5 mg elemental Zn per day (n = 45) or placebo (n = 45) until 6 mo of age. They were followed monthly for information on ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2011
Objective. To compare the incidence of postdischarge feeding dysfunction and hospital/subspecialty visits for feeding problems during the first year of life in late (34 to 366/7weeks) and early-preterm (25 to 336/7weeks) infants. Methods. In this prospective study, the authors sent questionnaires to parents of early (n = 319) and late ...
Thomas Cameron W CW Department of Neurology, MLC 2015, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., Cincinnati, OH, USA. - - 2012
To compare continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) vs. traditional mechanical ventilation (MV) at 24 h of age as predictors of neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants at 18-22 months corrected gestational age (CGA). Infants ≤1000 g birth weight born from January 2000 through December 2006 at ...
Klingenberg Claus - - 2011
Objective To evaluate enteral feeding practices in neonatal units in different countries and on different continents. Design A web-based survey of 127 tertiary neonatal intensive care units in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the UK. Results 124 units (98%) responded. 59 units (48%) had a breast ...
Smith Candice K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: There is limited data regarding rotavirus vaccine shedding in premature infants. We describe the natural history of rotavirus shedding in premature infants in the 2-week period following first immunization with RotaTeq(®), the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5), and the risk for symptomatic transmission to household contacts (HHC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Wingate M S - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study was to examine risks of preterm births, quantify the explanatory power achieved by adding medical and obstetric risk factors to the models and to examine temporal changes in preterm birth due to changes in Medicaid eligibility and the establishment of a maternal-fetal medicine referral system.Study ...
Schuster Susanne - - 2011
The adipokine leptin has been detected in human breast milk but its effect on postnatal growth and development remains largely unclear. We hypothesized that leptin could affect on infant's body weight gain during early lactation in the first six months of life. Therefore, we evaluated leptin levels in maternal serum ...
Chong Neto Herberto José - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine epidemiological changes in recurrent wheezing among infants in Curitiba, Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used the questionnaire Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes (EISL). Parents of infants aged 12 to 15 months completed the instrument from August 2005 to December 2006 (phase I) and from September 2009 ...
van Kooij Britt J M - - 2011
White matter microstructural changes can be detected with Diffusion Tensor Imaging. It was hypothesized that diffusion parameters in the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) and corpus callosum (CC) bundles in preterm infants at term equivalent age (TEA) were associated with neurodevelopment at two years corrected age. In 67 ...
van der Gugten A C - - 2012
The aim of our study was to investigate the association between rapid weight gain in the first 3 months of life and the prevalence of wheeze in the first years of life and lung function at 5 yrs of age. The infants selected were participating in an ongoing birth cohort. ...
Midulla F - - 2012
The association between bronchiolitis and recurrent wheezing remains controversial. In this prospective study, we assessed risk factors for recurrent wheezing during a 12-month follow-up in 313 infants aged <12 months hospitalised for their first episode of bronchiolitis. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were obtained with a questionnaire and from medical ...
Backes C H - - 2012
Each year in the US ∼50 000 neonates receive inpatient pharmacotherapy for the treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The objective of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of a traditional inpatient only approach with a combined inpatient and outpatient methadone treatment program. Retrospective review (2007 to 2009). ...
Hay Dale F DF School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. - - 2011
This study tested the hypothesis that 12-month-old infants' use of force against peers is associated with known risk factors for violence. We conducted a prospective longitudinal study, which included laboratory observations of firstborn British infants (N = 271) during simulated birthday parties. No gender differences in aggressiveness were observed. The ...
Ball Helen L HL Parent-Infant Sleep Lab & Medical Anthropology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, Durham University, UK. - - 2012
In the UK, infants of South Asian parents have a lower rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) than White British infants. Infant care and life style behaviours are strongly associated with SIDS risk. This paper describes and explores variability in infant care between White British and South Asian families ...
Heuchan Anne Marie - - 2011
Objective To determine morbidity, mortality and associated risk factors following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation in premature infants. Methods Retrospective case note audit of premature infants referred to a national paediatric cardiothoracic surgical service (2001-2007) with univariate and multivariate analysis of potential risk factors for mortality and morbidity. Results 125 ...
Wachman Elisha M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the relationship between maternal opioid agonists, methadone, or buprenorphine (BPH), and concurrent psychiatric medication use on length of hospitalization (LOS) among infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). METHODS:: We reviewed the charts of infants born at Boston Medical Center between 2003 and 2009 with a diagnosis of ...
Rzehak Peter - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous analysis in a prospective, population-based cohort reported reduced weight gain in children fed extensively hydrolyzed casein (eHF-C) formula during the first year of life but showed no effect on growth between 1 and 6 y of life. No studies have been conducted in children up to the age ...
Gage Heather - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The programming concept suggests that poor early nutrition causes an array of medical problems later in life. Public health messages about the implications of programming may not be reaching parents and influencing infant feeding behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The views of new mothers were sought about the extent to which lifelong ...
El-Tras Wael F - - 2011
Occurrence of aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)) in infant formula milk powder (IFMP) and maternal breast milk (MBM) was investigated as a risk factor affects the health of newborns in Egypt. A total of 125 IFMP and 125 MBM samples were collected and examined for the presence of AFM(1) using competitive ELISA ...
van Rijn Margreet - - 2011
In phenylketonuria (PKU) patients, diurnal fluctuations of blood phenylalanine (Phe) are different from healthy individuals. Until now this pattern has been studied in PKU patients over one year of age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this observational study was to investigate diurnal patterns in PKU infants under one year of age ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia - - 2011
We sought to determine the proportion of evidence-based (EB), vs non-EB (NEB) iatrogenic late preterm birth, and to compare corresponding rates of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. We performed a retrospective cohort study. Cases were categorized as EB or NEB. NICU admission was compared between groups in both univariate ...
Lundqvist-Persson Cristina - - 2011
Aim:  To assess the development of preterm infants from 40 weeks gestational age to 18 months corrected age in order to identify early predictors of later development. Methods:  Fifty-one infants were involved. Infant development was assessed at 40 and 44 weeks gestational age with the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale ...
Wu Kusheng - - 2011
Primitive electronic-waste recycling resulted in serious pollution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the environment of Guiyu, China. We aimed to assess body burdens of PCBs and potential health risks for neonates. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples were collected from Guiyu, and the control area of Chaonan, China. PCBs in UCB ...
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