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- - 2011
Preterm birth (delivery before 37 weeks' gestation) is the commonest cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in developed countries.1 Most of these births occur after spontaneous preterm labour.2 Intrauterine infection (often subclinical) is strongly implicated in the pathophysiology of spontaneous preterm labour.3 Consequently many published trials have assessed antibacterial therapy ...
Yildiz Aynur - - 2011
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the application of the odor of breast milk in preterm infants during gavage feeding on the period of transition to total oral feeding. Design: This prospective experimental study was performed on a total of 80 preterm infants: 40 ...
Engle William A - - 2011
Late preterm and early term infants are at higher risk for short-term and long-term morbidities and mortality than term infants. Such outcomes are influenced by many factors, the strongest of which is gestational age. Counseling and educating women and families about risks of late preterm and early term births is ...
Lorenz John M - - 2011
Survival rates among live births in North American tertiary perinatal centers since 1990 were 28% at 23 weeks, 52% at 24, 70% at 25 and 83% at 26 weeks. However, there is wide variation among centers. Survival rates in 2010 among tertiary centers in the United States participating in the ...
Davenport Mark - - 2011
Biliary atresia (BA) is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition of the newborn presenting with conjugated jaundice. Typically, it is treated by an initial attempt to restore bile flow (the Kasai portoenterostomy [KP]) as soon as possible after diagnosis and, if this fails, liver transplantation. Since 1999, the treatment of BA ...
Klebanoff Mark A - - 2011
Preterm birth, defined as a pregnancy ending at less than 37 completed weeks of gestation, is the leading cause of infant mortality in the United States. The occurrence of preterm births rose steadily from 9.4% of all pregnancies in the United States in 1981 to 12.8% in 2006, before declining ...
Heineman Kirsten R - - 2011
Aim  The Infant Motor Profile (IMP) is a novel qualitative assessment of motor behaviour in infancy. The aim of this study was to determine whether IMP scores throughout infancy differ between children with and without cerebral palsy (CP) at 18 months. Furthermore, we evaluated the predictive ability of IMP scores throughout ...
Silva-Munhoz Lenice de Fatima da - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the fluoroscopic findings of swallowing in preterm infants with zero to six months of age, as well as the related diseases and clinical signs and symptoms, and to compare these findings with data obtained from full-term infants. METHODS: The retrospective findings of fluoroscopic studies carried out in ...
Ashkenazi-Hoffnung Liat - - 2011
Background. The widespread use of intrapartum antibiotics (IPA) has raised concerns regarding the adverse effects on the newborn. Objectives. To determine if IPA is associated with infantile late-onset serious bacterial infections (SBIs) and with antibiotic resistance. Patients and methods. From 2005 to 2009, data were prospectively collected for all infants ...
Ramanathan R - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study is to compare all-cause in-hospital mortality in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with poractant alfa, calfactant or beractant.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of 14 173 preterm infants with RDS, treated with one of three surfactants between 2005 and 2009, using the Premier Database ...
Jenny Carmen - - 2011
Early detection of cerebral hypoxemia is an important aim in neonatology. A relevant parameter to assess brain oxygenation may be the cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). So far the reproducibility of StO(2) measurements was too low for clinical application, probably due to inhomogeneities. The aim ...
Stein A - - 2011
6 cases of clinical influenza A/H1N1(2009) infections were reported within the multi-center German Neonatal Network (GNN) during the primary hospital stay in the pandemic season 2009/2010 and 2010/2011. Clinical symptoms varied from transient hyperthermia to apnea and severe respiratory distress. 1 fatal course with systemic inflammatory response after perinatal transmission ...
Rahman Sajjad - - 2011
Objective: To analyze and compare the current gestational age specific neonatal survival rates between Qatar and international benchmarks. Study Design: An analytical comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Women's Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, from 2003-2008. Methodology: Six year's (2003-2008) gestational age specific neonatal mortality data was stratified ...
Prpić Igor - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of stage III of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among newborns of birth weight < 1500 g and gestational age (GA) < or = 32 weeks, and to compare these prevalences during two time periods (1998-2002 and 2003-2007). The investigation was ...
Minar Philip - - 2011
: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes have been placed in children for more than 2 decades to provide nutrition to those unable to adequately and safely feed orally. Despite the well-documented success of PEG placement in older children, there is only 1 published article documenting the safety of PEG placement ...
Oshiro Bryan T - - 2011
Quality improvement initiatives have been successfully employed in many areas of medicine, but few have been implemented in preventing prematurity (or preterm birth), which continues to be one of the most common complications in obstetrics, and the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in the United States. Due to ...
Salur Liina - - 2011
Enterovirus infections are frequent in childhood and may be involved in development of several chronic diseases including type 1 diabetes. Maternal antibodies have a protective effect in young infants. It has been proposed that this protection is now vanishing due to decreasing circulation of enteroviruses in Western countries. We aimed ...
Lee Jung Hyun - - 2011
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are regularly used in intensive care units, and catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) remains a leading cause of healthcare-associated infections, particularly in preterm infants. Increased survival rate of extremely-low-birth-weight infants can be partly attributed to routine practice of CVC placement. The most common types of CVCs used ...
Lee Jang Hoon - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most critical morbidities in preterm infants. The incidence of NEC is 7% in very-low-birth-weight infants, and its mortality is 15 to 30%. Infants who survive NEC have various complications, such as nosocomial infection, malnutrition, growth failure, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, and neurodevelopmental ...
Aboutaleb Hamdy - - 2011
Pediatric urolithiasis and calcular anuria in early infancy are rare. Cystine stones may develop in utero or during early infancy. We report the case of a female 9-month-old infant with obstructive anuria resulting from cystine stones in a single functioning unit. She presented to the emergency department owing to the ...
Mirochnick Mark - - 2011
There are no previous data describing nelfinavir and lamivudine pharmacokinetics in neonates treated with weight-band dosing regimens. Pharmacokinetic study of nelfinavir and lamivudine pharmacokinetics in infants during the first 2 weeks of life treated with weight-band dosing regimens. Intensive 12-hour pharmacokinetic profiles were performed between either days 4-7 or days ...
Chen Minghua L - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that the presence of bacteria and/or histologic inflammation in the placenta of infants born preterm is associated with an increased risk for severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This was a prospective cohort study. Exploratory and multivariable data analyses were used, including logistic regression models with interaction ...
Guimarães Carmen L N - - 2011
To compare the motor development of preterm infants whose gestational age had been corrected to 38-40 weeks with full term newborns using the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP). The cross-sectional study compared preterm infants (PT group), with a gestational age at birth of 28-33 weeks, at an equivalent age ...
Mugabo Pierre P School of Pharmacy, University of the Western Cape. - - 2011
No pharmacokinetic data exist for premature infants receiving single-dose nevirapine (sd NVP) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. To describe NVP decay pharmacokinetics in two groups of premature infants - those whose mothers either received or did not receive NVP during labour. Infants less than 37 weeks' gestation ...
Rabie H H Children's Infectious Diseases Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2011
Two centres in Soweto and Cape Town, South Africa. To assess the effects of timing of initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and other factors on the risk of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) related regional adenitis due to immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (BCG-IRIS) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected infants. HIV-infected infants ...
Krebs Nancy F NF University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2011
Early growth faltering is common but is difficult to reverse after the first 2 years of life. To describe feeding practices and growth in infants and young children in diverse low-income settings prior to undertaking a complementary feeding trial. This cross-sectional study was conducted through the Global Network for Women's ...
Takci Sahin - - 2011
Aim:  Blood pressure (BP) measurement techniques in neonates generally involve noninvasive measurements with a cuff (oscillometric) or invasive measurements through an arterial catheter. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of the noninvasive oscillometric method in critically ill preterm infants when results were compared with the invasive ...
Pivik R T - - 2011
The influence of diet on cortical processing of syllables was examined at 3 and 6months in 239 infants who were breastfed or fed milk or soy-based formula. Event-related potentials to syllables differing in voice-onset-time were recorded from placements overlying brain areas specialized for language processing. P1 component amplitude and latency ...
Ozkan Hilal - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of maternal preeclampsia on development and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Methods: This prospective study consisted of two groups: the study group, which is composed of preterm infants (≤32 weeks) born to a mother with preeclampsia, and the comparison group, which ...
Edelbauer M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the suitability of spinal ultrasound for the detection of spinal subdural hematoma in infants with sustained non-accidental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six infants (mean age ± SD 3.3 ± 1.5 months) admitted to our hospital because of suspected non-accidental trauma were examined radiologically with ultrasound, CT and/or MRI and skeletal radiography. ...
Pedroso Fleming S - - 2011
A cohort study was conducted with a random sample of 33 healthy infants evaluated at birth and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 12 months to determine the frequency of respiratory rate changes in response to air blown over the face (diving reflex) in the first year ...
Ryckman Kelli K - - 2012
To examine associations between rs9883204 in ADCY5 and rs900400 near LEKR1 and CCNL1 with birth weight in a preterm population. Both markers were associated with birth weight in a term population in a recent genome-wide association study of Freathy et al. A meta-analysis of mother and infant samples was performed for ...
Ahman Elisabeth - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The 1990-2008 estimates for the maternal mortality associated with unsafe abortion require a re-examination. OBJECTIVE: To provide the latest estimates of the mortality associated with unsafe abortion and to examine trends within the framework of new maternal mortality estimates. SEARCH STRATEGY: Extensive search of databases and websites for country- ...
Harley Kim G - - 2011
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a class of persistent compounds that have been used as flame retardants in vehicles, household furnishings, and consumer electronics. This study examined whether concentrations of PBDEs in maternal serum during pregnancy were associated with infant birth weight, length, head circumference, and length of gestation. Participants ...
Puche Miguel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Coronoid hyperplasia (CH) is an abnormal bony elongation of a histologically normal coronoid process. Its definitive cause remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the possible implication of congenital hypotonia in the pathogenesis of early coronoid overgrowth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two infants with congenital hypotonia were evaluated for limited mouth aperture. ...
Simcock Gabrielle - - 2011
Infants can imitate a novel action sequence from television and picture books, yet there has been no direct comparison of infants' imitation from the 2 types of media. Varying the narrative cues available during the demonstration and test, the current experiments measured 18- and 24-month-olds' imitation from television and picture ...
Orth Robert C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Acute testicular ischemia caused by an incarcerated inguinal hernia usually affects infants. There are few reports of diagnosis using US, and the effect of long-standing reducible hernias on testicular growth in infants and children is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of testicular ...
Reismann Marc - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The size of congenital pulmonary malformation (CPM) in infants might interfere with the feasibility of thoracoscopic resection. This study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of the size of CPM on the applicability of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in infants. METHODS: Twenty-two infants were operated on for CPM from ...
Jiménez-Rubio Dolores - - 2011
This study re-examines the hypothesis that shifts towards more decentralization would be accompanied by improvements in population health on a panel of 20 OECD countries over a thirty year period (1970-2001). Decentralization is proxied using a conventional indicator of revenue decentralization and a new measure of fiscal decentralization that reflects ...
Grisaru-Granovsky Sorina - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the impact of severity of growth restriction on mortality and major neonatal morbidity among very-low-birthweight small-for-gestational-age infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based observational study using data collected by the Israel National Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infant Database 1995 through 2007 including infants 24-31 weeks' gestation, with birthweight ...
Hahn-Holbrook Jennifer - - 2011
Mothers in numerous species exhibit heightened aggression in defense of their young. This shift typically coincides with the duration of lactation in nonhuman mammals, which suggests that human mothers may display similarly accentuated aggressiveness while breast feeding. Here we report the first behavioral evidence for heightened aggression in lactating humans. ...
Woo S J - - 2011
To determine the relative effect of birth weight and gestational age on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) using preterm twin pairs discordant for birth weight. This study was a retrospective cohort study including 55 consecutive twin pairs of 110 preterm infants (gestational age ≤33 weeks). The outcomes of ROP including occurrence ...
Eidem I - - 2011
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to estimate the risks of adverse birth outcomes such as stillbirth, infant death, preterm birth and pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes, compared with the background population. We further aimed to explore the risks of adverse birth outcomes in preterm and term ...
Abuqamar Mazen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Infant death rate has declined over the past decades, yet remains high in Palestine. The topic of infant death is well researched and for the first time in Palestine. The objective of our study is to assess the level of awareness and health behaviour of mothers and how this ...
Langlois Peter H - - 2011
Few studies have reported time trends for total birth defects or for a comprehensive range of phenotypes. We examined data from the Texas Birth Defects Registry (TBDR) from 1999 through 2007. Poisson regression was used to fit trend lines to birth prevalence over time for total birth defects (each infant/fetus ...
Poets Christian F - - 2011
When asked to address the above question, findings that appeared to be among the most relevant included (1) interventions in the delivery room directed at supporting the physiological transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life rather than actively intervening in it; (2) recent data suggesting that keeping extremely low-gestational age neonates ...
Tluczek Audrey - - 2011
We identified factors associated with elevated parental perceptions of child vulnerability (PPCV) 12 months after newborn screening (NBS) of 136 children: healthy, normal results (H, n = 37), cystic fibrosis carriers (CF-C, n = 40), congenital hypothyroidism (CH, n = 36), and cystic fibrosis (CF, n = 23). Controlling for infant and parent characteristics, mixed logit structural equation ...
Moorman Joseph Randall - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that heart rate characteristics (HRC) monitoring improves neonatal outcomes. We conducted a two-group, parallel, individually randomized controlled clinical trial of 3003 very low birth weight infants in 9 neonatal intensive care units. In one group, HRC monitoring was displayed; in the other, it was masked. The ...
Wright Charlotte M CM PEACH Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, QMH Tower, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow G3 8SJ, UK. - - 2011
An understanding of how infant eating behaviour relates to later obesity is required if interventions in infancy are to be attempted. The aim of this paper is to review findings from the Gateshead Millennium Study to describe (i) what we have already established about the relationship between infant feeding transitions, ...
Boyle Jennifer D JD Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Hull, - - 2013
Until recently, infants born at moderate preterm (32-33 weeks) and late preterm (34-36 weeks) gestations have gone largely unstudied. Since their outcomes were thought to be similar to those of infants born at 37 weeks and above, they have historically been managed in much the same way as infants born ...
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