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Results 701 - 750 of 1901
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Wynn James L JL Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2012
We sought to determine the risk factors, incidence, and mortality of very late onset bacterial infection (blood, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid culture positive occurring after day of life 120) in preterm infants. A retrospective observational cohort study of all very low birth weight infants cared for between day of life ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2011
Public health recommendations should be based on the best available scientific evidence, and this necessitates careful appraisal of the available data and management of scientific uncertainty. This paper discusses the difficulties in collecting and interpreting scientific data on infant feeding, in particular the fact that since it is not feasible ...
Kono Yumi - - 2011
Objectives.  To describe and compare neurodevelopmental outcomes with birth weight (BW) groups at 250g intervals of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 3 years of age in a multicenter cohort in Japan. Methods.  3104 VLBW infants born in 2003 and 2004 registered in a NICU-network database were followed in ...
Saha Unnati Rani - - 2011
This analysis of infant mortality in Bangladesh focuses on explaining death clustering within families, using prospective data from a rural region in Bangladesh, split into areas with and without extensive health services (the area covered by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research and the comparison area, respectively). The modelling ...
Cho Kyoul-Ja - - 2011
Background:  Meridian Massage is a traditional practice that manually stimulates the body's meridian system - the same network of vital energy channels used in acupuncture. The present study was to assess the effect of Meridian Massage on the physical growth and infant's health as perceived by mothers. Methods:  A study ...
Vanella de Cuetos Elida E - - 2011
Infant botulism is the most common form of human botulism in Argentina and the United States. BabyBIG (botulism immune globulin intravenous [human]) is the antitoxin of choice for specific treatment of infant botulism in the United States. However, its high cost limits its use in many countries. We report here ...
Rüdiger Mario - - 2011
Delivery room (DR-) management has a great potential to optimise quality of long term outcome in extremely preterm infants. However, a new conceptual framework that focuses on an individualised 'support of transition' rather than on 'resuscitation' is necessary. Video-recordings of DR-management represent a valuable tool to improve care. Recording combined ...
Narese Filippo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate possible differences in the rate of appearance of the femoral head ossification center (FHOC) in infants according to the type of feeding (exclusive breast-feeding, formula, mixed feeding). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in a population of 285 healthy infants who ...
Petraglia Anthony L - - 2011
Background/Aims: Slit ventricles and multiple episodes of shunt failure are problematic in many infants and preterm neonates shunted for hydrocephalus. We utilized ventriculosubgaleal (VSG) shunting as the initial neurosurgical intervention in neonates with hydrocephalus associated with intraventricular hemorrhage and infants with myelomeningocele. Methods: We conducted a chart review of 21 ...
Harrison Cath - - 2011
Aims:  Discomfort and stress has been widely studied in the newborn baby but data is lacking for the infant undergoing transport. The aim of our study was to identify infant discomfort during road transport and its pattern. Methods:  This was a prospective cohort study on all infants transported by the ...
Aouba A - - 2011
Summary.  Deaths occurring in the context of acquired haemophilia (AH) may be related to inter-connected causes and mechanisms including bleeding, specific or older patient co-morbidities or iatrogenic complications. However, their magnitude remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the respective weight and frequency of the various causes of death in ...
Faas D - - 2011
The primarily anuric very low birth weight infant (VLBWI) is an ethical challenge for the attending doctor as well as for the parents. Long term peritoneal dialysis (PD) might provide an acceptable way in treating a primarily anuric VLBWI prior to kidney transplantation without endangering the child's neurologic development. We ...
Weisman Omri - - 2011
Objective:To identify patterns of sleep-wake transitions in the neonatal period that might differentiate premature infants who would show better or worse outcomes in multiple developmental domains across the first 5 years of life.Methods:Participants were 143 low birth weight premature infants (mean birth weight: 1482 g; mean gestational age [GA]: 31.82 ...
Goyal Neera K - - 2011
To evaluate the association of late-preterm birth with asthma severity among young children. A retrospective cohort study was performed with electronic health record data from 31 practices affiliated with an academic medical center. Participants included children born in 2007 at 34 to 42 weeks of gestation and monitored from birth ...
Young Gregory S - - 2011
The development of imitation during the second year of life plays an important role in domains of sociocognitive development such as language and social learning. Deficits in imitation ability in persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from toddlerhood into adulthood have also been repeatedly documented, raising the possibility that early ...
Pavri Sabrina - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Orofacial clefts such as cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most frequent congenital anomalies of the head and neck. The purpose of this study was to determine the current demographics for orofacial clefts in Canada. Methods: A request for data ...
Nohno K - - 2011
This study aimed to measure the fluoride (F) content of all infant milk formulas (IMF) available for purchase in Japan and estimate the F exposure of infants whose primary source of nutrition is IMF when reconstituted with different F concentrations of water. Twenty-two commercially available IMFs were purchased from 6 ...
Drysdale Simon B - - 2011
The hospitalization rate for pandemic influenza A (H1N1)v 2009 of 150 prospectively followed, prematurely born infants did not differ significantly from that of term-born infants from the same geographical area (0.7% vs. 0.07%, P = 0.12), but was higher for other viral lower respiratory tract infections (5.3% vs. 0.6%, P ...
Ibrahim Yomna I YI Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, - - 2012
To measure the circulating concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) adducts with NO bioactivity after inhaled NO (iNO) therapy in infants with pulmonary hypertension. In this single center study, 5 sequential blood samples were collected from infants with pulmonary hypertension before, during, and after therapy with iNO (n = 17). Samples ...
Davidson Josy - - 2012
To analyse the accuracy and reproducibility of photogrammetry in detecting thoracic abnormalities in infants born prematurely. Cross-sectional study. The Premature Clinic at the Federal University of São Paolo. Fifty-eight infants born prematurely in their first year of life. Measurement of the manubrium/acromion/trapezius angle (degrees) and the deepest thoracic retraction (cm). ...
Parker L A - - 2011
Objective:The purpose of this randomized pilot study was to collect preliminary data regarding the feasibility and effects of early initiation of milk expression on the onset of lactogenesis stage II and milk volume in mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.Study Design:Twenty women were randomized to initiate milk expression ...
Yilmaz-Demirdag Yesim - - 2011
Recurrent otitis media in children is considered one of the warning signs of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs), particularly antibody deficiencies. Infants who have the most serious and potentially lethal form of PID, severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), sometimes present with recurrent otitis media. Most of the time, because of the severity of ...
Leibovitch Leah - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate rates of early short-term neonatal complications among term and near-term newborn infants with polyhydramnios. Methods: Retrospective data were collected on 788 term infants with prenatal diagnosis of polyhydramnios and 1,576 matched controls, including information on maternal condition and on infant perinatal complications. Results: The total rate of ...
Alvaro Ruben E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of prolonged inhalation of a low concentration of CO(2) with theophylline for the treatment of apnea of prematurity. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled trial of 87 preterm infants with apnea of prematurity (27-32 weeks' gestational age) assigned to either theophylline plus 0.5 L/min of ...
Mullen Anne - - 2012
The present randomised trial investigated the effects of feeding Zambian infants from 6 to 18 months old either a richly or basal micronutrient-fortified complementary/replacement food on gut integrity and systemic inflammation. Blood samples were obtained from all infants (n 743) at 6 and 18 months for the assessment of serum ...
Evans Jordan - - 2012
There is growing use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure ventilation (nCPAP) for infants with bronchiolitis, based on clinical assessment of severity. Despite this there have been no studies which identify clinical predictors for the requirement of nCPAP. To identify clinical factors in infants with acute bronchiolitis in the emergency ...
Wilson Kumanan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Birth weight of children born at term may theoretically be associated with risk of adverse events from immunization. METHODS: We analyzed data on children born between April 1st 2002 and March 31st 2009 in the province of Ontario. Using the self-controlled case series design, we examined the risk of ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2012
Five-month-old infants of clinically depressed and nondepressed mothers were familiarized to a wholly novel object and afterward tested for their discrimination of the same object presented in the familiar and in a novel perspective. Infants in both groups were adequately familiarized, but infants of clinically depressed mothers failed to discriminate ...
Purdy Isabell B IB Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, 90096, USA. - - 2013
This study's aim was to explore relationships between preterm infant behavioral outcomes and maternal/infant glucocorticoid (dexamethasone [DEX]) treatments using a psychoneuroimmunologic approach. Research questions were (a) do relationships exist between infant cumulative perinatal steroid (PNS) exposure and child behavioral problems? and (b) do maternal/infant characteristics (e.g., immune markers and biophysiologic ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2011
ObjectiveTo develop models and a graphical tool for predicting survival to discharge without major morbidity for infants with a gestational age (GA) at birth of 22-32 weeks using infant information at birth.DesignRetrospective cohort study.SettingCanadian Neonatal Network data for 2003-2008 were utilised.PatientsNeonates born between 22 and 32 weeks gestation admitted to ...
Edwards Jessica - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To systematically review and synthesize the literature to document the association between infants born very preterm and/or very low birth weight (VLBW) and the presence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) at school age. METHODS:: Seven databases were systematically searched. Studies were included if they examined very preterm (<32 weeks) ...
Howarth Anne M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to explore the experience of giving birth for first-time New Zealand mothers. DESIGN: qualitative methodology was employed to obtain an in-depth insight into the birth experience using semi-structured interviews conducted face-to-face 11 days to 16 weeks (median 13.5 weeks) after giving birth were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. SETTING: the ...
Jennekens Ward - - 2011
To aid with prognosis and stratification of clinical treatment for preterm infants, a method for automated detection of bursts, interburst-intervals (IBIs) and continuous patterns in the electroencephalogram (EEG) is developed. Results are evaluated for preterm infants with normal neurological follow-up at 2 years. The detection algorithm (MATLAB®) for burst, IBI ...
Vivian-Taylor J - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Vivian-Taylor J, Sheng J, Hadfield R, Morris J, Bowen J, Roberts C. Trends in obstetric practices and meconium aspiration syndrome: a population-based study. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03093.x. Objective  To determine trends in the incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), and maternal factors and obstetric practices ...
Markham A Catherine - - 2011
In immature wild savannah baboons (Papio cynocephalus), we observed symptoms consistent with copper (Cu) deficiency and, more specifically, with a disorder referred to as white monkey syndrome (WMS) in laboratory primates. The objectives of this study were to characterize this pathology, and test three hypotheses that (1) Cu deficiency may ...
Flynn Patricia M - - 2011
Tenofovir (TFV) is effective in preventing simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) transmission in a macaque model, is available as the oral agent tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and may be useful in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We conducted a trial of TDF and TDF-emtricitabine (FTC) in ...
Metsvaht T - - 2011
Background:  There are no comparative data on the impact of different empiric antibiotic regimens on early bowel colonization as well as on clinical efficacy in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates at risk of early onset sepsis (EOS). Methods:  We performed a subgroup analysis of ELBW neonates recruited into a ...
Duran Rıdvan - - 2011
Background:  In previous studies, it has been demonstrated that Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) courses improve the early outcomes of infants with perinatal asphyxia, however there has been no evidence to demonstrate the effect of NRP on long-term outcomes of perinatal asphyxia. The goal of this study was to determine the ...
Vaillant-Molina Mariana M Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA. - - 2012
Early evidence of social referencing was examined in 5½-month-old infants. Infants were habituated to 2 films of moving toys, one toy eliciting a woman's positive emotional expression and the other eliciting a negative expression under conditions of bimodal (audiovisual) or unimodal visual (silent) speech. It was predicted that intersensory redundancy ...
Flood Karen - - 2011
Preterm birth (delivery before 37 completed weeks of gestation) is common and rates are increasing. In the past, medical efforts focused on ameliorating the consequences of prematurity rather than preventing its occurrence. This approach resulted in improved neonatal outcomes, but it remains costly in terms of both the suffering of ...
Lu Hong - - 2011
To provide an understanding of Chinese new mothers' breastfeeding behaviors and especially to explore the relationship between the mothers perceived family perception about breastfeeding and the new mothers' breastfeeding behaviors. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in Beijing and Yinchuan, the capital of Ning Xia Province, China. 214 new mothers ...
De Schuymer Leentje - - 2011
Preterm infants avert their gaze more often and for longer periods in early social interactions compared to full term infants. In previous studies this finding is interpreted as being a function of the higher degree of parental stimulation that is often found in parents of preterm children. The current study ...
Simonsen Kari A - - 2011
We review here 7 cases of neonatal transfusion-associated babesiosis at a NICU in the northeast United States. Transfusion from 2 infected units of blood resulted in the 7 cases described. The clinical presentation was highly variable in this cohort; the extremely low birth weight neonates were the most severely affected. ...
Picone Simonetta S Neonatology-NICU O.U., Casilino Polyclinic, Rome, Italy. - - 2011
Preterm newborns may be discharged when clinical conditions are stable and maturity of physiological functions has been gained, but no precise indications on weight and GA to be reached before discharge are available. In our NICU we have observed in the last five years 234 newborns < 32 weeks of ...
Salisbury Amy L AL Department of Pediatrics, Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and the Department of Pediatrics, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02905, USA. - - 2011
Prenatal serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) exposure has been related to adverse newborn neurobehavioral outcomes; however, these effects have not been compared to those that may arise from prenatal exposure to maternal major depressive disorder (MDD) without SRI treatment. This study examined potential effects of MDD with and without SRI treatment ...
Garg Vipul - - 2011
A 2-month-old previously healthy infant presented to the emergency department with a complaint of projectile vomiting for 4 days and jaundice for the last 2 days. An ultrasound of the abdomen showed no sign of pyloric stenosis. All results of laboratory workups related to gastrointestinal cause for vomiting and jaundice ...
Ghanim Nibal - - 2011
To estimate prevalence of rectovaginal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus among pregnant women with group B streptococcus (GBS) screening results and its association with maternal and infant outcomes. Cultures that detected both group B streptococcus (GBS) and S. aureus were obtained at > or = 35 weeks of gestation. Computerized database ...
Aminsharifi Alireza - - 2011
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the feasibility of laparoscopic excision of pelvic müllerian duct cysts (MDCs) in infants. Three-month-old female and 13-month-old male infants presented with frequent episodes of urinary retention and were found to have large retrovesical cystic pelvic masses. Preoperative workup including abdominopelvic ultrasonography and ...
Song Shige - - 2011
In this study, the authors analyze the dynamic relationship between Chinese women's education, their utilization of newly available medical pregnancy care, and their infants' mortality risk. China has undergone enormous social, economic, and political changes over recent decades and is a novel context in which to examine the potential influence ...
Cosimano Amy - - 2011
HUMAN MILK HAS THE greatest impact on costly short-term morbidities during the very early postbirth period.1 Although the health benefits of breast milk for all infants is undeniable, assisting new mothers as they breastfeed in the NICU can present various challenges. It can be days, weeks, or even months before ...
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