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Results 701 - 750 of 1869
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Howarth Anne M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to explore the experience of giving birth for first-time New Zealand mothers. DESIGN: qualitative methodology was employed to obtain an in-depth insight into the birth experience using semi-structured interviews conducted face-to-face 11 days to 16 weeks (median 13.5 weeks) after giving birth were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. SETTING: the ...
Jennekens Ward - - 2011
To aid with prognosis and stratification of clinical treatment for preterm infants, a method for automated detection of bursts, interburst-intervals (IBIs) and continuous patterns in the electroencephalogram (EEG) is developed. Results are evaluated for preterm infants with normal neurological follow-up at 2 years. The detection algorithm (MATLAB®) for burst, IBI ...
Vivian-Taylor J - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Vivian-Taylor J, Sheng J, Hadfield R, Morris J, Bowen J, Roberts C. Trends in obstetric practices and meconium aspiration syndrome: a population-based study. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03093.x. Objective  To determine trends in the incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), and maternal factors and obstetric practices ...
Markham A Catherine - - 2011
In immature wild savannah baboons (Papio cynocephalus), we observed symptoms consistent with copper (Cu) deficiency and, more specifically, with a disorder referred to as white monkey syndrome (WMS) in laboratory primates. The objectives of this study were to characterize this pathology, and test three hypotheses that (1) Cu deficiency may ...
Flynn Patricia M - - 2011
Tenofovir (TFV) is effective in preventing simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) transmission in a macaque model, is available as the oral agent tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and may be useful in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We conducted a trial of TDF and TDF-emtricitabine (FTC) in ...
Metsvaht T - - 2011
Background:  There are no comparative data on the impact of different empiric antibiotic regimens on early bowel colonization as well as on clinical efficacy in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates at risk of early onset sepsis (EOS). Methods:  We performed a subgroup analysis of ELBW neonates recruited into a ...
Duran Rıdvan - - 2011
Background:  In previous studies, it has been demonstrated that Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) courses improve the early outcomes of infants with perinatal asphyxia, however there has been no evidence to demonstrate the effect of NRP on long-term outcomes of perinatal asphyxia. The goal of this study was to determine the ...
Vaillant-Molina Mariana M Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA. - - 2012
Early evidence of social referencing was examined in 5½-month-old infants. Infants were habituated to 2 films of moving toys, one toy eliciting a woman's positive emotional expression and the other eliciting a negative expression under conditions of bimodal (audiovisual) or unimodal visual (silent) speech. It was predicted that intersensory redundancy ...
Flood Karen - - 2011
Preterm birth (delivery before 37 completed weeks of gestation) is common and rates are increasing. In the past, medical efforts focused on ameliorating the consequences of prematurity rather than preventing its occurrence. This approach resulted in improved neonatal outcomes, but it remains costly in terms of both the suffering of ...
Lu Hong - - 2011
To provide an understanding of Chinese new mothers' breastfeeding behaviors and especially to explore the relationship between the mothers perceived family perception about breastfeeding and the new mothers' breastfeeding behaviors. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in Beijing and Yinchuan, the capital of Ning Xia Province, China. 214 new mothers ...
De Schuymer Leentje - - 2011
Preterm infants avert their gaze more often and for longer periods in early social interactions compared to full term infants. In previous studies this finding is interpreted as being a function of the higher degree of parental stimulation that is often found in parents of preterm children. The current study ...
Picone S - - 2011
Preterm newborns may be discharged when clinical conditions are stable and maturity of physiological functions has been gained, but no precise indications on weight and GA to be reached before discharge are available. In our NICU we have observed in the last five years 234 newborns < 32 weeks of ...
Simonsen Kari A - - 2011
We review here 7 cases of neonatal transfusion-associated babesiosis at a NICU in the northeast United States. Transfusion from 2 infected units of blood resulted in the 7 cases described. The clinical presentation was highly variable in this cohort; the extremely low birth weight neonates were the most severely affected. ...
Salisbury Amy L - - 2011
Prenatal serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) exposure has been related to adverse newborn neurobehavioral outcomes; however, these effects have not been compared to those that may arise from prenatal exposure to maternal major depressive disorder (MDD) without SRI treatment. This study examined potential effects of MDD with and without SRI treatment ...
Garg Vipul - - 2011
A 2-month-old previously healthy infant presented to the emergency department with a complaint of projectile vomiting for 4 days and jaundice for the last 2 days. An ultrasound of the abdomen showed no sign of pyloric stenosis. All results of laboratory workups related to gastrointestinal cause for vomiting and jaundice ...
Ghanim Nibal - - 2011
To estimate prevalence of rectovaginal colonization by Staphylococcus aureus among pregnant women with group B streptococcus (GBS) screening results and its association with maternal and infant outcomes. Cultures that detected both group B streptococcus (GBS) and S. aureus were obtained at > or = 35 weeks of gestation. Computerized database ...
Aminsharifi Alireza - - 2011
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the feasibility of laparoscopic excision of pelvic müllerian duct cysts (MDCs) in infants. Three-month-old female and 13-month-old male infants presented with frequent episodes of urinary retention and were found to have large retrovesical cystic pelvic masses. Preoperative workup including abdominopelvic ultrasonography and ...
Song Shige - - 2011
In this study, the authors analyze the dynamic relationship between Chinese women's education, their utilization of newly available medical pregnancy care, and their infants' mortality risk. China has undergone enormous social, economic, and political changes over recent decades and is a novel context in which to examine the potential influence ...
Cosimano Amy - - 2011
HUMAN MILK HAS THE greatest impact on costly short-term morbidities during the very early postbirth period.1 Although the health benefits of breast milk for all infants is undeniable, assisting new mothers as they breastfeed in the NICU can present various challenges. It can be days, weeks, or even months before ...
- - 2011
Preterm birth (delivery before 37 weeks' gestation) is the commonest cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in developed countries.1 Most of these births occur after spontaneous preterm labour.2 Intrauterine infection (often subclinical) is strongly implicated in the pathophysiology of spontaneous preterm labour.3 Consequently many published trials have assessed antibacterial therapy ...
Cammu Hendrik - - 2011
  Background:  Interventions to influence the time and way to be born have been a global concern for decades. Yet, limited information is available on what drives these interventions and their variation in frequency among countries, institutions, and practitioners. The objective of this study was to examine to what extent ...
Yildiz Aynur - - 2011
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the application of the odor of breast milk in preterm infants during gavage feeding on the period of transition to total oral feeding. Design: This prospective experimental study was performed on a total of 80 preterm infants: 40 ...
Engle William A - - 2011
Late preterm and early term infants are at higher risk for short-term and long-term morbidities and mortality than term infants. Such outcomes are influenced by many factors, the strongest of which is gestational age. Counseling and educating women and families about risks of late preterm and early term births is ...
Lorenz John M - - 2011
Survival rates among live births in North American tertiary perinatal centers since 1990 were 28% at 23 weeks, 52% at 24, 70% at 25 and 83% at 26 weeks. However, there is wide variation among centers. Survival rates in 2010 among tertiary centers in the United States participating in the ...
Davenport Mark - - 2011
Biliary atresia (BA) is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition of the newborn presenting with conjugated jaundice. Typically, it is treated by an initial attempt to restore bile flow (the Kasai portoenterostomy [KP]) as soon as possible after diagnosis and, if this fails, liver transplantation. Since 1999, the treatment of BA ...
Klebanoff Mark A - - 2011
Preterm birth, defined as a pregnancy ending at less than 37 completed weeks of gestation, is the leading cause of infant mortality in the United States. The occurrence of preterm births rose steadily from 9.4% of all pregnancies in the United States in 1981 to 12.8% in 2006, before declining ...
Heineman Kirsten R - - 2011
Aim  The Infant Motor Profile (IMP) is a novel qualitative assessment of motor behaviour in infancy. The aim of this study was to determine whether IMP scores throughout infancy differ between children with and without cerebral palsy (CP) at 18 months. Furthermore, we evaluated the predictive ability of IMP scores throughout ...
Silva-Munhoz Lenice de Fatima da - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the fluoroscopic findings of swallowing in preterm infants with zero to six months of age, as well as the related diseases and clinical signs and symptoms, and to compare these findings with data obtained from full-term infants. METHODS: The retrospective findings of fluoroscopic studies carried out in ...
Ashkenazi-Hoffnung Liat - - 2011
Background. The widespread use of intrapartum antibiotics (IPA) has raised concerns regarding the adverse effects on the newborn. Objectives. To determine if IPA is associated with infantile late-onset serious bacterial infections (SBIs) and with antibiotic resistance. Patients and methods. From 2005 to 2009, data were prospectively collected for all infants ...
Ramanathan R - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study is to compare all-cause in-hospital mortality in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with poractant alfa, calfactant or beractant.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of 14 173 preterm infants with RDS, treated with one of three surfactants between 2005 and 2009, using the Premier Database ...
Jenny Carmen - - 2011
Early detection of cerebral hypoxemia is an important aim in neonatology. A relevant parameter to assess brain oxygenation may be the cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). So far the reproducibility of StO(2) measurements was too low for clinical application, probably due to inhomogeneities. The aim ...
Stein A - - 2011
6 cases of clinical influenza A/H1N1(2009) infections were reported within the multi-center German Neonatal Network (GNN) during the primary hospital stay in the pandemic season 2009/2010 and 2010/2011. Clinical symptoms varied from transient hyperthermia to apnea and severe respiratory distress. 1 fatal course with systemic inflammatory response after perinatal transmission ...
Rahman Sajjad - - 2011
Objective: To analyze and compare the current gestational age specific neonatal survival rates between Qatar and international benchmarks. Study Design: An analytical comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Women's Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, from 2003-2008. Methodology: Six year's (2003-2008) gestational age specific neonatal mortality data was stratified ...
Prpić Igor - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of stage III of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among newborns of birth weight < 1500 g and gestational age (GA) < or = 32 weeks, and to compare these prevalences during two time periods (1998-2002 and 2003-2007). The investigation was ...
Minar Philip - - 2011
: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes have been placed in children for more than 2 decades to provide nutrition to those unable to adequately and safely feed orally. Despite the well-documented success of PEG placement in older children, there is only 1 published article documenting the safety of PEG placement ...
Oshiro Bryan T - - 2011
Quality improvement initiatives have been successfully employed in many areas of medicine, but few have been implemented in preventing prematurity (or preterm birth), which continues to be one of the most common complications in obstetrics, and the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in the United States. Due to ...
Salur Liina - - 2011
Enterovirus infections are frequent in childhood and may be involved in development of several chronic diseases including type 1 diabetes. Maternal antibodies have a protective effect in young infants. It has been proposed that this protection is now vanishing due to decreasing circulation of enteroviruses in Western countries. We aimed ...
Lee Jung Hyun - - 2011
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are regularly used in intensive care units, and catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) remains a leading cause of healthcare-associated infections, particularly in preterm infants. Increased survival rate of extremely-low-birth-weight infants can be partly attributed to routine practice of CVC placement. The most common types of CVCs used ...
Lee Jang Hoon - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most critical morbidities in preterm infants. The incidence of NEC is 7% in very-low-birth-weight infants, and its mortality is 15 to 30%. Infants who survive NEC have various complications, such as nosocomial infection, malnutrition, growth failure, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, and neurodevelopmental ...
Aboutaleb Hamdy - - 2011
Pediatric urolithiasis and calcular anuria in early infancy are rare. Cystine stones may develop in utero or during early infancy. We report the case of a female 9-month-old infant with obstructive anuria resulting from cystine stones in a single functioning unit. She presented to the emergency department owing to the ...
Mirochnick Mark - - 2011
There are no previous data describing nelfinavir and lamivudine pharmacokinetics in neonates treated with weight-band dosing regimens. Pharmacokinetic study of nelfinavir and lamivudine pharmacokinetics in infants during the first 2 weeks of life treated with weight-band dosing regimens. Intensive 12-hour pharmacokinetic profiles were performed between either days 4-7 or days ...
Chen Minghua L - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that the presence of bacteria and/or histologic inflammation in the placenta of infants born preterm is associated with an increased risk for severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This was a prospective cohort study. Exploratory and multivariable data analyses were used, including logistic regression models with interaction ...
Guimarães Carmen L N - - 2011
To compare the motor development of preterm infants whose gestational age had been corrected to 38-40 weeks with full term newborns using the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP). The cross-sectional study compared preterm infants (PT group), with a gestational age at birth of 28-33 weeks, at an equivalent age ...
Mugabo Pierre P School of Pharmacy, University of the Western Cape. - - 2011
No pharmacokinetic data exist for premature infants receiving single-dose nevirapine (sd NVP) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. To describe NVP decay pharmacokinetics in two groups of premature infants - those whose mothers either received or did not receive NVP during labour. Infants less than 37 weeks' gestation ...
Rabie H H Children's Infectious Diseases Clinical Research Unit, Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2011
Two centres in Soweto and Cape Town, South Africa. To assess the effects of timing of initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and other factors on the risk of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) related regional adenitis due to immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (BCG-IRIS) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected infants. HIV-infected infants ...
Krebs Nancy F NF University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2011
Early growth faltering is common but is difficult to reverse after the first 2 years of life. To describe feeding practices and growth in infants and young children in diverse low-income settings prior to undertaking a complementary feeding trial. This cross-sectional study was conducted through the Global Network for Women's ...
Takci Sahin - - 2011
Aim:  Blood pressure (BP) measurement techniques in neonates generally involve noninvasive measurements with a cuff (oscillometric) or invasive measurements through an arterial catheter. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of the noninvasive oscillometric method in critically ill preterm infants when results were compared with the invasive ...
Pivik R T - - 2011
The influence of diet on cortical processing of syllables was examined at 3 and 6months in 239 infants who were breastfed or fed milk or soy-based formula. Event-related potentials to syllables differing in voice-onset-time were recorded from placements overlying brain areas specialized for language processing. P1 component amplitude and latency ...
Ozkan Hilal - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of maternal preeclampsia on development and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Methods: This prospective study consisted of two groups: the study group, which is composed of preterm infants (≤32 weeks) born to a mother with preeclampsia, and the comparison group, which ...
Edelbauer M - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the suitability of spinal ultrasound for the detection of spinal subdural hematoma in infants with sustained non-accidental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six infants (mean age ± SD 3.3 ± 1.5 months) admitted to our hospital because of suspected non-accidental trauma were examined radiologically with ultrasound, CT and/or MRI and skeletal radiography. ...
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