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Results 651 - 700 of 1896
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Loughran-Fowlds A S - - 2011
Background: Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) is an anti-inflammatory mediator, but its role in neonatal lung adaptation and diseases is uncertain. Objective: To characterize postnatal changes in serum CCSP in relation to gestation, respiratory disease (RDS) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in comparison with other anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, -10 and -13). ...
Humphrey Louise - - 2011
SummaryThis study examines sex differences in infant mortality in Spitalfields, London, and the estimated contribution of endogenous and exogenous factors to neonatal and infant mortality using the biometric model from 1750 to 1839. There was a marked decline in the risk of death during infancy and the neonatal period for ...
Letzner Julia - - 2011
Background: In very preterm infants, clinical decision-making, such as closing a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), may be aided by measuring circulating natriuretic and endothelial pro-peptides. Objectives: To investigate the association between perinatal characteristics, PDA echocardiography and plasma concentrations of stable pro-peptides of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) ...
El-Naggar W - - 2011
Objective:To explore physicians' experiences and views related to resuscitation practice of preterm infants at birth, and determine whether the Canadian modifications of 2006 Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) guidelines have been accepted by neonatologists.Study Design:Neonatologists (n=146) at 25 tertiary neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across Canada were contacted via email to ...
Couce M A Luz - - 2011
Newborn screening (NBS) by tandem mass spectrometry started in Galicia (Spain) in 2000. We analyse the results of screening and clinical follow-up of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) detected during 10years. Our programme basically includes the disorders recommended by the American College of Medical Genetics. Since 2002, blood and urine ...
Jayachandran D - - 2011
PURPOSE: We describe the prevalence, associated anomalies, prenatal diagnosis and survival of patients with bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were extracted from the Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey for patients delivered during 1985 to 2008. This survey collects data on congenital anomalies in fetuses, stillbirths and live-born infants of ...
Nyp M - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study is to determine the effects that sildenafil citrate has on gas exchange in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)-associated pulmonary hypertension (PH).Study Design:A retrospective review was performed from 2005 to 2009. Infants treated with sildenafil citrate for greater than 48 h were included. Standard patient data was ...
Phipps K - - 2011
Objective:Peripherally inserted central catheters are important but can be difficult to place in neonates. Therefore, we compared a near-infrared device, the Vein Viewer, to determine if its use would increase successful line placement, with standard techniques.Study Design:Randomized controlled trial in preterm and term neonates in a level 3 Neonatal Intensive ...
Chapman Derek A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Early detection of hearing loss in all newborns and timely intervention is critical to the cognitive, verbal, behavioral, and social development of children. The initiation of appropriate early intervention services before 6 months of age can prevent or reduce negative developmental consequences. The purpose of this study was to ...
McCarver Gail - - 2011
Soy infant formula contains soy protein isolates and is fed to infants as a supplement to or replacement for human milk or cow milk. Soy protein isolates contains estrogenic isoflavones (phytoestrogens) that occur naturally in some legumes, especially soybeans. Phytoestrogens are nonsteroidal, estrogenic compounds. In plants, nearly all phytoestrogens are ...
Scalabrin Deolinda M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the impact of infant formula with polydextrose (PDX) and galactooligosaccharides (GOS) on fecal microbiota and secretory IgA (sIgA). METHODS:: In this double-blind, randomized study, term infants received Control (Enfamil Lipil, Mead Johnson Nutrition) or the same formula with PDX/GOS (4 g/L, 1:1 ratio; PDX/GOS) for 60 days; a ...
August Em - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: August E, Salihu H, Weldeselasse H, Biroscak B, Mbah A, Alio A. Infant mortality and subsequent risk of stillbirth: a retrospective cohort study. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03137.x. Objective  To examine the association between infant mortality in a first pregnancy and risk for stillbirth in a ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2012
Examining waiting time to birth among newlywed couples is likely to provide insights into the desire for spacing births among newlywed husbands and wives. Data from the Indian National Family Health Survey of 2005-06 are used to examine the desired waiting time (DWT) to birth among newlywed couples. The dependent ...
Burton Steve - - 2011
  While the use of psychological autopsies has at least a 50-year history in the investigation of equivocal deaths and suicides, we report a case where, after the discovery of a woman who died of natural causes, a subsequent search of her home found three deceased newborn infants. The infants ...
Winovitch Kim C - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate the frequency of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) following elective cesarean at greater than 34 weeks' gestation in an academically affiliated community hospital. Methods. Retrospective cohort study involving chart review of 300 newborns with PPHN between 1999 and 2006. Infants less than 34 weeks' or with congenital ...
Oʼleary Sean T - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: A birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine (HBV) is a primary focus of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices' strategy to eliminate transmission of hepatitis B virus in the United States. We sought to assess the impact of maternal characteristics and hospital policy on the receipt of a birth ...
Maldonado Ramiro S - - 2011
To determine the dynamic morphologic development of the human fovea in vivo using portable spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Prospective, observational case series. Thirty-one prematurely born neonates, 9 children, and 9 adults. Sixty-two neonates were enrolled in this study. After examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), SD-OCT imaging was performed ...
Geva Alon - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In centers electing to offer therapeutic hypothermia for treating hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), determining the optimal number of cooling devices is not straightforward. The authors used computer-based modeling to determine the level of service as a function of local HIE caseload and number of cooling devices available. METHODS: The authors ...
Bechtel Kirsten - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of traumatic infant death. We examined whether the message about not shaking an infant should be included in the newborn anticipatory guidance provided by pediatric residents. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of an educational intervention (Take ...
Blok Cornelie A - - 2011
Increased end-tidal carbon monoxide (ETCOc) and cytokines in preterm infants are related to bronchopulmonary dysplasia and intraventricular haemorrhages. The aim was to study the predictive value of ETCOc and cytokine levels for long-term outcome. This study comprised 105 very preterm infants (57 males, 48 females; gestational age range 25 wks ...
El-Ganzoury Mona M MM Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2012
Cardiac malformations in infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are five times higher than in normal pregnancies. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is the most important growth factor in utero and is predominantly bound by IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1). To examine the echocardiographic findings of neonates of diabetic mothers and the relationship ...
Mandelin Johanna M - - 2011
Background  Tacrolimus ointment is effective for treatment of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) in children aged ≥2 years (Br J Dermatol, 2004; 150: 554). Here, efficacy and tolerability of tacrolimus 0.03% ointment were evaluated in 50 infants aged <2 years at start of treatment. Methods  Infants with AD previously enrolled in ...
Kawaguchi Mamoru - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Objective.  For paediatric dentists, an indicator to assess caries risk of infants is very important. Conventionally, the number and/or proportions of Streptococcus mutans have been employed as risk indicator; however, because such figures reflect the existing situation, they are not suitable for assessing caries ...
Isaacs Elizabeth B - - 2011
Objective:To test the hypothesis that long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation in infancy would improve cognition into later childhood (after 9 years) at both general and specific levels.Methods:A comprehensive cognitive battery was completed by 107 formerly preterm infants (mean age: 128 months). As infants, they had been assigned randomly to ...
Bental Yoram - - 2011
Objective:We hypothesized that maternal diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk for mortality, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and major complications of prematurity.Methods:Analysis of prospectively collected (1995-2007) Israel National Very Low Birth Weight Infant Database. Maternal DM was recorded as pregestational or gestational. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess the ...
Das Shubhadeep - - 2011
Background: Despite the huge proportion of the babies in the developing world being born low birthweight, only about half of the newborns are weighed at birth as weighing scales often tend to be either non-available or defective.Objective: Designing a nomogram for estimation of birthweight from head circumference (HC) and mid-upper ...
Askie Lisa M - - 2011
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is an effective therapy for pulmonary hypertension and hypoxic respiratory failure in term infants. Fourteen randomized controlled trials (n = 3430 infants) have been conducted on preterm infants at risk for chronic lung disease (CLD). The study results seem contradictory. Individual-patient data meta-analysis included randomized controlled ...
Tarini Beth A - - 2011
To compare health care visit rates between infants with false-positive and those with normal newborn screening (NBS) results. We analyzed administrative claims of Medicaid-enrolled infants born in Michigan in 2006 and calculated the average number of outpatient, emergency department, and hospital visits for infants aged 3 to 12 months according ...
Xia Dongpo - - 2011
A first case of newborn Tibetan macaque (Macaca thibetana) twins was observed in a free-ranging group at Huangshan, China. The female that gave birth to the twins was studied during their first 5 months post-partum, and her activity budget was compared to those of adult females with single or no offspring ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2011
The past decade has provided new insights into the causes and optimal treatment of infant hydrocephalus in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, I review what we have learned in East Africa about the characteristics, management, and outcomes of hydrocephalus associated with neural tube defects, with particular emphasis on its primary treatment by ...
Sobel Howard L - - 2011
Infant mortality and morbidity risk is linked to formula usage. The proportion of Filipino infant formula users rose 6% between 2003 and 2008. It is hypothesized this rise resulted from aggressive formula industry marketing. We conducted a household survey between April and December 2006 and focus groups in April-May 2007 ...
Hemels Marieke A C - - 2011
Background: The incidence of coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CoNS) sepsis is high in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and treatment significantly adds to the antibiotic pressure, increasing the threat of resistance. Because infants recover within 24-48 h, blood cultures are negative within 48 h and CRP normalizes within 72 h, we reduced ...
Takenouchi Toshiki - - 2011
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) secondary to intrapartum asphyxia remains a major cause of post-natal death and permanent neurological deficits worldwide. Supportive therapy has been the mainstay of the treatment until recent series of large clinical trials demonstrating benefit of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in this high risk population. Now the International Liaison ...
Wyckoff Myra H MH Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9063, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether delivery room cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DR-CPR) independently predicts morbidities and neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants. We conducted a cohort study of infants born with birth weight of 401 to 1000 g and gestational age of 23 to 30 weeks. DR-CPR was defined as chest ...
Macdonald Anita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study investigated the influence of adding a patented, specific mixture of prebiotic oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS [9:1 ratio], Danone Research) to a protein substitute suitable for infants with Phenylketonuria (PKU); PKU Anamix Infant (Nutricia). DESIGN: This was an 8-week open-label, single-arm, pilot intervention study in 9 infants (8-week median ...
Desai Rishi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We examined data from 1979-2007 to generate up-to-date baseline estimates of rotavirus intussusception mortality in US infants, to inform policy deliberations of the risks and benefits of vaccination. STUDY DESIGN: Secular trends in the infant intussusception mortality rate were evaluated using national multiple cause-of-death and natality data from 1979- ...
Ellis Tim - - 2011
Mortality has received insufficient attention as a fish welfare topic. Here, we aim to prompt fish farming stakeholders to discuss fish mortalities in relation to welfare. Mortality in farmed fish populations is due to a variety of biotic and abiotic causes, although it is often difficult to differentiate between underlying ...
Fendler Wojciech - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the association between mean glycemia and its variability with perinatal mortality in preterm newborns hospitalized in an intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: Patients admitted to the ICU within the first 12 hours of life, with birth weight <1500g, at least 3 blood glucose measurements/day and lack ...
Cabrera Michelle T - - 2012
To report retinal findings for healthy newborn infants imaged with handheld spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). Prospective, observational case series. Thirty-nine full-term newborn infants underwent dilated retinal examinations by indirect ophthalmoscopy and retinal imaging by handheld SD OCT, without sedation, at the Duke Birthing Center. Of the 39 infants ...
Plager David A - - 2011
To compare rates and severity of complications between infants undergoing cataract surgery with and without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Prospective, randomized clinical trial. The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) is a randomized, multicenter (n = 12) clinical trial comparing treatment of aphakia with a primary IOL or contact lens in ...
Ali Gihan Yousef - - 2011
Abstract Candida species are important nosocomial pathogens in the newborn population, particularly among the premature Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Candida colonization in neonates and subsequent dissemination results in a plenty of morbidity and mortality risks. This work aims to determine the prevalence ...
Lingwood Barbara E - - 2011
Accurate assessment of neonatal body composition is essential to studies investigating neonatal nutrition or developmental origins of obesity. Bioelectrical impedance analysis or bioimpedance analysis is inexpensive, non-invasive and portable, and is widely used in adults for the assessment of body composition. There are currently no prediction algorithms using bioimpedance analysis ...
Cambonie Gilles - - 2011
Aim:  Patent ductus arteriosus occurs frequently in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. We assessed a combination of clinical, biological and echocardiographic parameters in order to derive a decision rule for selecting candidates for treatment based on the criteria in use in our unit. Methods:  One hundred and forty neonates ...
Gabriele C - - 2012
We assessed whether exhaled nitric oxide fraction (F(eNO)), a marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation, at 6 months was associated with the risk of wheezing during the first 2 yrs of life. In the Generation R birth cohort, pre- and post-natal risk factors for respiratory morbidity and respiratory symptoms were assessed ...
Wynn James L - - 2012
We sought to determine the risk factors, incidence, and mortality of very late onset bacterial infection (blood, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid culture positive occurring after day of life 120) in preterm infants. A retrospective observational cohort study of all very low birth weight infants cared for between day of life ...
Imada Shinya S Department of Obstetrics, Center for Perinatal Medicine Division of Clinical Pathology, Nagano Children's Hospital, Nagano, - - 2012
Although birthweight placental weight ratio (BPR) may be a promising indicator which reflects pathophysiology of fetal growth restriction (FGR), the standard of BPR changes throughout gestation in a Japanese population has not been established as far as we know. Therefore, we first examined BPR of appropriate-for-dates (AFD) infants in each ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2011
Public health recommendations should be based on the best available scientific evidence, and this necessitates careful appraisal of the available data and management of scientific uncertainty. This paper discusses the difficulties in collecting and interpreting scientific data on infant feeding, in particular the fact that since it is not feasible ...
Kono Yumi - - 2011
Objectives.  To describe and compare neurodevelopmental outcomes with birth weight (BW) groups at 250g intervals of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 3 years of age in a multicenter cohort in Japan. Methods.  3104 VLBW infants born in 2003 and 2004 registered in a NICU-network database were followed in ...
Saha Unnati Rani - - 2011
This analysis of infant mortality in Bangladesh focuses on explaining death clustering within families, using prospective data from a rural region in Bangladesh, split into areas with and without extensive health services (the area covered by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research and the comparison area, respectively). The modelling ...
Cho Kyoul-Ja - - 2011
Background:  Meridian Massage is a traditional practice that manually stimulates the body's meridian system - the same network of vital energy channels used in acupuncture. The present study was to assess the effect of Meridian Massage on the physical growth and infant's health as perceived by mothers. Methods:  A study ...
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