Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1894
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
DE Vries Nathalie - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to assess the motor repertoire of extremely low-birthweight infants at term-equivalent age (TEA), in relation to their neurological outcome. Method  Using Prechtl's method, we assessed both the quality of general movements and a detailed motor optimality score in 13 extremely low-birthweight infants (four ...
Romagnoli Costantino - - 2011
Lutein has been shown to have antioxidant functions in newborns and with zeaxantin selectively taken up into the macula of the eye. We hypothesize that lutein administration may contribute to reducing the incidence of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). This was a single center, double-blind randomized controlled study. Preterm infants with ...
Lima Ana Furtado - - 2011
: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of cervical conization on subsequent pregnancy and delivery outcomes. : A retrospective case-control study was performed in patients who underwent conization from 2000 to 2005 and had a subsequent delivery. Two case controls were matched for each case studied. ...
Hiryu Shizuko - - 2011
Developmental changes in vocalizations by Pipistrellus abramus were investigated during the first post-natal month. Vocalizations by pups on the day of birth were frequency-modulated ultrasounds from 30.0 ± 4.0 kHz to 19.3 ± 1.9 kHz with multiple harmonics. The terminal frequency of the second harmonic (TF(2)) of pup vocalizations corresponded to that of the ...
Kanashiro Tatiana Mitiko - - 2011
Respiratory virus infections are the main cause of infant hospitalization and are potentially severe in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Rapid and sensitive diagnosis is very important to early introduction of antiviral treatment and implementation of precautions to control transmission, reducing the risk of nosocomial infections. In the present ...
Frezza Simonetta - - 2011
To evaluate whether growth discordance is an independent risk factor in the neonatal outcome of the smaller twin, all medical records of twin pregnancies delivered between 26 and 41 weeks during a 5-year period (January 2004-December 2008) were reviewed. Among the 49 selected twins, weight discordance was 15-20% in 7 ...
Chang Jia-Kan - - 2011
Most small muscular ventricular septal defect (M-VSD) types have been diagnosed using color Doppler echocardiography. The purpose of this study was to understand the incidence of small M-VSD in the neonatal period and analyze the natural history of these M-VSDs. All individuals in our study were neonates delivered at term ...
Werner Lynne A - - 2011
Adult listeners detect and discriminate target sounds better in amplitude modulated noise than in unmodulated noise. This study examined infants' ability to take advantage of masker modulation to improve sensitivity to a target. Listeners were 7-9-month-old infants and 18-30-year-old adults. Vowel discrimination in noise was tested. Listeners learned to respond ...
Moik Katja - - 2011
Data on body weight of pure-bred kittens (Maine Coon, Norwegian Forest Cat, Birman, Persian, Siamese/Oriental Shorthair Cat) from birth (n 245) to 12 weeks of age (n 135) were obtained from breeders. Absolute birth weight (in g) was higher in larger breeds than in smaller breeds, whereas relative birth weight ...
Milani Hosseini S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical course of urinary tract infection (UTI) in neonates with septicemia and also determine the most common UTI manifestations in hospitalized neonates. A cross-sectional study was carried out on consecutive febrile infants aged 1 to 56 days that were ...
Ward Nancy - - 2011
Newborns prefer to listen to their native language. We have shown that this preference for the native language also exists with visual cues alone (Ward and Sundara, 2010). Four and 8-month-old monolingual English-learning infants looked longer at a face speaking English compared to Spanish. What information in the talking faces ...
Garten Lars - - 2011
To study the frequency and duration of parental visits to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) during the first 28 days of life of preterm infants in relation to medical variables, sociodemographic factors, and subsequent outpatient follow-up examinations. Retrospective chart review of 127 infants with a birth weight less than 1500 ...
Britton K F M - - 2011
To investigate feeding practices in infants born with a cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) in the West of Scotland and the challenges that the parents of these children experienced especially in the first hours and months after birth. A questionnaire involving a 'face-to-face' interview was completed with parents of cleft ...
Chirico Gaetano - - 2011
Preterm neonates represent a category of patients with high transfusion needs. Ideally, red blood cells (RBC) transfusion should be tailored to the individual requirements of the single infant. However, despite the progress in neonatal transfusion medicine, many controversies still remain, and the decision on whether to transfuse or not is ...
Kleinman Paul K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to determine the relative likelihood of encountering a classic metaphyseal lesion in infants at low and high risk for abuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 10-year retrospective study compared the prevalence of the classic metaphyseal lesion on high-detail American College of Radiology-standardized skeletal surveys ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia - - 2011
Late preterm birth (defined as birth between 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation) and early-term birth (defined as birth between 37 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks gestation) have become the topic of much recent literature and discussion as the morbidity associated with delivery at these gestational ages becomes evident. ...
Javid Patrick J - - 2011
Despite advances in pediatric nutritional support and a renewed focus on management of intestinal failure, there are limited recent data regarding the risk of parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated liver disease in surgical infants. This study investigated the incidence of cholestasis from PN and risk factors for its development in this population. ...
Hoehl Stefanie - - 2011
Previous research has shown that expressions of fear have an effect on infants' object processing. This event-related potential study addresses the question whether surprised faces affect infants' brain responses to objects in a similar way, as both expressions share a crucial perceptual feature, wide-opened eyes. Three-month and 9-month-old infants were ...
Archer Stephanie - - 2011
From birth, infants are capable of discriminating speech sounds that occur cross-linguistically, but by their first year, infants have difficulty discriminating most non-native contrasts (Werker and Tees, 1984). Yet, language experience is not the only factor affecting discrimination. Further research into language-specific perception reveals asymmetries occur in the discrimination of ...
Lisonkova Sarka - - 2011
Objectives: Vital Statistics and World Health Organization reports show a recent increase in maternal mortality in Canada. We carried out a study of temporal trends, regional variations, and causes of death in Canadian maternal mortality using Vital Statistics data. Methods: We used Vital Statistics death registrations to ascertain maternal deaths ...
Oohashi Hiroki - - 2011
Knowledge about the actual movements of articulators and their developmental changes in early childhood is crucial to a better understanding of the relationship between speech productions and perceptions. In this study, we attempted to recover the shapes of articulators from the acoustic properties of infants' vocalizations by using a variable ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2011
The aim of this study was to establish a prenatal prognostic classification system for risk-stratified management in fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study of isolated CDH, diagnosed prenatally in fetuses delivered during the 2002 to 2007 period at 5 participating institutions in Japan, was ...
Dozier Ann M - - 2011
State worksite breastfeeding statutes are thought to play a role in increasing rates of breastfeeding duration, which remain below Healthy People 2010 goals. As of 2010 24 states including the District of Columbia had such worksite statutes. Of these only 18 required both break time and a site. This preliminary ...
Matendo Richard M - - 2011
Each year, an estimated six million perinatal deaths occur worldwide, and 98% of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. These estimates are based on surveys in both urban and rural areas, and they may underrepresent the problem in rural areas. This study was conducted to quantify perinatal mortality, ...
Morrison David G - - 2011
The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a randomized trial that compares the treatment of unilateral congenital cataract with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation versus aphakic contact lens (CLs). The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes for infants with lens opacity associated with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) to ...
Smith P Brian - - 2011
Suspected or complicated intra-abdominal infections are common in young infants and lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Meropenem is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent with excellent activity against pathogens associated with intra-abdominal infections in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of meropenem in young ...
Vergnano Stefania - - 2011
In industrialized countries, Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a leading cause of late-onset neonatal sepsis. Culture-proven episodes were identified prospectively from neonatal units participating in the neonatal infection surveillance network. Demographic, risk factor, and outcome data were collected. Between 2004 and 2009, there were 117 episodes of SA infections (including 8 ...
Ross Erin Sundseth ES University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, JFK Partners, Denver, Colorado, - - 2011
Successful oral feeding of preterm and other ill and fragile infants is an interactive process that requires (1) sensitive, ongoing assessment of an infant's physiology and behavior, (2) knowledgeable decisions that support immediate and long-term enjoyment of food, and (3) competent skill in feeding. Caregivers can support feeding success by ...
Philbin M Kathleen MK College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ 08628, USA. - - 2011
The Support of Oral Feeding for Fragile Infants (SOFFI) method of bottle-feeding rests on quality evidence along with implementation details drawn from clinical experience. To be clear, the SOFFI Method is not focused on the amount of food taken in but on the conduct of the feeding and the development ...
Wang Ying - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted on long-term survival of children with major birth defects because of a lack of longitudinal birth defects surveillance data. The objective of this study was to conduct a 25-year survival analysis among children in New York born with major defects by survival age, birth ...
Ipek Ilke Ozahı - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of treatment in bronchiolitis includes oxygenation, aspiration of secretions from the respiratory tract and maintenance of hydration. The first choice medical agent in clinical practice is nebulized bronchodilators, although their place in treatment is controversial. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the therapeutic benefit of nebulized hypertonic (3%) saline (HS), ...
Sim R - - 2011
Intraoperative hypothermia may have a detrimental clinical effect. Preterm infants undergoing laparotomy for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are particularly at risk. We investigated the relationship between intraoperative temperature and morbidity and outcome in infants with NEC.A review of all laparotomies for NEC (n=82, 69 infants) performed between Jan 2008 and Jan ...
Bhandankar M - - 2011
Objective:To compare the pattern of thermal stabilization seen in infants born at a rural primary health center (PHC) with that of infants born in an modern urban tertiary care hospital (TCH).Study Design:Abdominal temperature (Ta) and foot temperature (Tf) of healthy term newborn infants were monitored and electronically recorded continuously from ...
Iacobelli S - - 2011
Objective:We aimed to investigate the relationship between day-1 hypoproteinemia and severe adverse outcome (SAO) in very preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Study Design:Retrospective study of all patients born from 24 to 31 weeks gestation and cared for in our NICU over an 8-year period. Infants were ...
Kidokoro H - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:DEHSI on T2-weighted MR imaging in preterm infants at term-equivalent age has been regarded as an unfavorable marker for neurodevelopmental outcome. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the presence and extent of DEHSI and neurodevelopmental outcomes.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We evaluated the MR images of ...
Piteo A M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of persistent snoring in the first year of life on developmental outcomes. METHODS: As part of a longitudinal study of snoring and sleep in infancy, we identified 13 children (10 males) who commenced snoring shortly after birth and ...
Tillman S - - 2011
Objective:To determine whether human milk fortification from the time of the first feeding significantly improves weight gain and bone mineral status in infants of <31 weeks estimated gestational age as compared with delayed or standard human milk fortification.Study Design:This was a retrospective pre-post design. In all, 95 infants born at ...
Grześkowiak Lukasz - - 2011
Specific probiotic combinations during early feeding, via the mother or incorporated in early formula-feeding, mold the intestinal microbiota composition in infants. The objective was to analyze the impact of probiotic administration to mother or infant on gut microbiota composition in 6-month-old Finnish and German infants. In Finland probiotics were given ...
Göpel Wolfgang - - 2011
Surfactant is usually given to mechanically ventilated preterm infants via an endotracheal tube to treat respiratory distress syndrome. We tested a new method of surfactant application to spontaneously breathing preterm infants to avoid mechanical ventilation. In a parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, 220 preterm infants with a gestational age between 26 ...
Sant'Anna Guilherme G McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. - - 2012
Data from the whole-body hypothermia trial was analyzed to examine the effects of phenobarbital administration prior to cooling (+PB) on the esophageal temperature (T (e)) profile, during the induction phase of hypothermia. A total of 98 infants were analyzed. At enrollment, +PB infants had a higher rate of severe hypoxic-ischemic ...
Tofail F - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Adverse developmental consequences of low-birth-weight (LBW) infants have been frequently reported from developed countries where most of them are preterm. Few reports are available from developing countries, where the problem is huge and newborns are mostly term babies. We aimed to compare mental and psychomotor development and behavior of LBW ...
Dwyer Cathy M - - 2011
Birth difficulty and poor lamb vigour are significant causes of perinatal lamb mortality. In this study we investigated whether sheep breeds differing in appearance, muscularity and selection history also had differences in dystocia and lamb vigour, and considered some of the factors that may contribute to the variation in these ...
Gyurkovits Zita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the neonatal outcome of macrosomic neonates in uncomplicated, singleton, term deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was performed on 5738 live-born term neonates born in the period 2008-2009. The neonatal outcomes were compared between two birth weight (BW) groups: the macrosomic neonates born with BW≥4000g and a ...
Wong Karen - - 2011
AimTo determine the angle between the temporal or nasal retinal vessels in preterm infants and to determine the relationship of these angles to birthweight (BW), gestational age (GA) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) status.MethodsColour digital images were acquired during ROP screening examinations in infants born with a range of BWs ...
Vachvanichsanong Prayong - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common contributor to morbidity and mortality in newborns, with prevalences varying by population and hospital. A study of AKI in newborns in tertiary care centers in Thailand, a developing country with limited resources, has not been conducted yet.METHODS: The aim of this study ...
Wang Lin-Yu - - 2011
We examined whether the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) is able to identify very low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants with cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) as early as 6months of corrected age. Longitudinal follow-up AIMS assessments were done at 6, 12, and 18months old for 35 VLBW infants with cystic PVL (cPVL(+)), ...
Simic Marija - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Gestational age (GA) is one of the most important obstetric factors and prediction of date of delivery is usually based on ultrasonographic measurements of the fetus. The estimation of GA might be influenced by using various dating formulas. OBJECTIVE: To compare three dating formulas applied to a cohort of ...
Partridge John Colin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of universal vs selective resuscitation on maternal utilities, perinatal costs, and outcomes of preterm delivery and termination of pregnancy at 20-23 weeks 6 days' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: We used studies on medical practices, prematurity outcomes, costs, and maternal utilities ...
Loughran-Fowlds A S - - 2011
Background: Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) is an anti-inflammatory mediator, but its role in neonatal lung adaptation and diseases is uncertain. Objective: To characterize postnatal changes in serum CCSP in relation to gestation, respiratory disease (RDS) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in comparison with other anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, -10 and -13). ...
Humphrey Louise - - 2011
SummaryThis study examines sex differences in infant mortality in Spitalfields, London, and the estimated contribution of endogenous and exogenous factors to neonatal and infant mortality using the biometric model from 1750 to 1839. There was a marked decline in the risk of death during infancy and the neonatal period for ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >