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Koldewijn Karen - - 2011
Aim:  The aim is to investigate the reliability, sensitivity and responsiveness of the Infant Behavioral Assessment (IBA) to evaluate neurobehavioral organization in very preterm infants. Methods:  Videotaped assessments of very preterm infants participating in a recent trial served to evaluate a standardized IBA-observation. Inter-rater reliability was based on 40 videos ...
Kim Shin Y - - 2011
  We compared written text on infant death certificates for deaths coded as sudden infant death syndrome (R95), unknown cause (R99), and accidental suffocation (W75). Using US mortality files supplemented with the death certifiers' written text for all infant deaths with International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 assigned codes R95, R99, ...
Bai Yeon K - - 2011
Currently over half of mothers of infants under 1-year-old are in the workforce in the United States. These women face challenges to continue breastfeeding when they return to work 3 to 6 months post-partum. This study explored the perspectives of employers on mother-friendly environments to assess their readiness to provide ...
Suri Sunjay - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: To a) evaluate quantitative differences in presurgical presentations of alveolar alignment and nostril anatomy of infants with BCLP treated with nasoalveolar molding (NAM) from those treated with maxillary infant orthopedics only (IO); b) detect inter-relationships between presurgical nasoalveolar anatomy, age at lip surgery, age of commencing, and durations ...
Turner Claudia C Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot 63110, Thailand. - - 2012
Prompt antibiotic treatment for infants with sepsis has the potential to save lives. A rectal formulation of an antibiotic could be used at a village level before referral to hospital. The development of such a preparation needs to take into account the rectal pH of infants that will affect drug ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2011
PURPOSE: Reduced mortality for infants born at less than 30 weeks' gestation after prophylactic surfactant administration has led many to advocate routine intubation and administration of surfactant in all infants at risk of respiratory distress syndrome. However, surfactant administration is associated with adverse events including bradycardia, changes in cerebral blood flow ...
Verboon-Maciolek Malgorzata A - - 2012
We describe 5 preterm and 3 term infants who presented with seizures during rotavirus infection within 6 weeks after birth. Six of these infants developed late-onset cystic periventricular leukomalacia. Four of the preterm infants had neurodevelopmental delay, and 4 (near) term infants had normal early outcome.
Takeuchi M - - 2011
SUMMARYWe examined pertussis hospitalizations among infants aged <1 year between 2006 and 2008 using the nationwide inpatient database in Japan. A total of 660 infants hospitalized for pertussis were identified. Peak incidence occurred at age 1 month and infants aged 0-2 months (too young for pertussis vaccination) and ⩾3 months ...
Coneus Katja - - 2011
This paper examines the impact of outdoor pollution and parental smoking on children's health from birth until the age of three years in Germany. We use representative data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), combined with five air pollution levels. These data were provided by the Federal Environment Agency and ...
Creutzig U - - 2012
Infants <1 year of age have a high prevalence of prognostically unfavorable leukemias and a presumed susceptibility to treatment-related toxicities. A total of 125 infants with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were treated in studies AML-BFM-98 (n = 59) and -2004 (n = 66). Treatment regimens of both studies were comparable, ...
van Stuijvenberg Margriet - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of adding specific prebiotics to standard formula feeding on the number of fever episodes in the first year of life. In the present randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in seven centres in five West European countries, 830 healthy term infants, ...
Vij Navin K - - 2011
Few cases of the pandemic influenza A H1N1 have been reported in very low birth weight infants. We report here a small outbreak in our NICU of 3 cases of influenza A/H1N1/09-10 in very low birth weight infants during the 2009-2010 H1N1 pandemic and describe their clinical presentations and favorable ...
D'Souza Rohan - - 2011
Low birth weight predicts adult essential hypertension and is linked to increased cardiovascular mortality in adult life. A reduction in capillary density (ie, rarefaction) is a hallmark of essential hypertension, and evidence suggests that rarefaction precedes the onset of the rise in blood pressure, because it is found in normotensive ...
Sato Yutaka - - 2011
The Japanese language has single/geminate obstruents characterized by durational difference in closure/frication as part of the phonemic repertoire used to distinguish word meanings. We first evaluated infants' abilities to discriminate naturally uttered single/geminate obstruents (/pata/ and /patta/) using the visual habituation-dishabituation method. The results revealed that 9.5-month-old Japanese infants were ...
Doyen Virginie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Exposure to house dust endotoxin induces of airways' inflammation. Endotoxin are produced by the Gram-negative bacteria, which are released into the stools and could contaminate domestic environment. OBJECTIVE: The newborn could contaminate his mattress by endotoxin. METHODS: The dusts of mattress and carpets of 97 newborn' dwellings were sampled ...
Scattone Dorothy - - 2011
The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland-II), and Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III) were administered to 65 children between the ages of 12 and 42 months referred for developmental delays. Standard scores and age equivalents were compared across instruments. Analyses showed no statistical difference ...
Chu Chen - - 2011
To assess the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and sudden infant death (SID) between 2001 and 2004 in Shanghai, China. We conducted a time-stratified case-crossover analysis to estimate the percent increase of SID associated with changes in DTR after adjustment for daily weather conditions (temperature and relative humidity) and ...
Manandhar S R - - 2011
Background: Perinatal mortality rate is very high in developing countries including Nepal. Analyzing perinatal deaths help in identifying preventable factors thus help in reducing it. Analysis of causes of perinatal deaths over a period in a hospital will help to identify the perinatal mortality trend and preventable factors thus help ...
Robertson Russell - - 2011
The Back-to-Sleep campaign has helped reduce the incidence of SIDS, but a neglect of prone positioning during wakefulness has increased the risk of 3 complications.
Sundara Megha - - 2011
Infants' ability to find words in fluent speech is affected by their language experience. The focus of this study was the extent to which monolingual Spanish- and monolingual English-learning 8-month-old infants' segmentation abilities are tied to their familiarity with the rhythmic properties of their native language. Spanish and English are ...
Inoue Seiichiro - - 2011
A set of monochorionic male twins presented with intestinal perforation. The smaller twin was diagnosed with necrotizing enterocolitis followed by sepsis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and necrotizing fasciitis of the abdominal wall. The infant died on the fourth day after surgery, 16 days after birth. Surgical specimens and autopsy revealed a ...
Stojanović Marija M - - 2011
BACGROUND/AIM: Cronobacter sakazakii (C sakazakii) is an emerging food-borne pathogen that has increasingly raised interest among the whole public community and food industry, especially in the production of powder infant formula. It has been isolated from water, sediment and soil. The question is whether this pathogen can be present in ...
Röjås Sara - - 2011
Extensive intestinal surgery in very preterm infants and its influence on somatic growth is of major concern. There is little consensus as to which is the most appropriate surgical approach in extremely low-birth-weight infants with abdominal pathology. Laparotomy is currently advocated, but peritoneal drainage is also discussed. To study laparotomy ...
Olamijulo Joseph Ayodeji - - 2011
An overwhelming proportion of the annual global perinatal deaths occur in developing countries. However few data on perinatal mortality are available from these countries. Reducing perinatal deaths requires adequate data that can be used to develop appropriate strategies. To determine the perinatal mortality rate at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital ...
Shamberger Raymond J - - 2011
Autism rates in the United States are increasing at a rate of 15% per year. Autistic children are diagnosed by age 3 when they have problems communicating and interacting socially. This study uses nutritional epidemiology and an ecologic study design to link the possible cause of autism to nutrition by ...
DE Vries Nathalie - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to assess the motor repertoire of extremely low-birthweight infants at term-equivalent age (TEA), in relation to their neurological outcome. Method  Using Prechtl's method, we assessed both the quality of general movements and a detailed motor optimality score in 13 extremely low-birthweight infants (four ...
Romagnoli Costantino - - 2011
Lutein has been shown to have antioxidant functions in newborns and with zeaxantin selectively taken up into the macula of the eye. We hypothesize that lutein administration may contribute to reducing the incidence of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). This was a single center, double-blind randomized controlled study. Preterm infants with ...
Lima Ana Furtado - - 2011
: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of cervical conization on subsequent pregnancy and delivery outcomes. : A retrospective case-control study was performed in patients who underwent conization from 2000 to 2005 and had a subsequent delivery. Two case controls were matched for each case studied. ...
Hiryu Shizuko - - 2011
Developmental changes in vocalizations by Pipistrellus abramus were investigated during the first post-natal month. Vocalizations by pups on the day of birth were frequency-modulated ultrasounds from 30.0 ± 4.0 kHz to 19.3 ± 1.9 kHz with multiple harmonics. The terminal frequency of the second harmonic (TF(2)) of pup vocalizations corresponded to that of the ...
Kanashiro Tatiana Mitiko - - 2011
Respiratory virus infections are the main cause of infant hospitalization and are potentially severe in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Rapid and sensitive diagnosis is very important to early introduction of antiviral treatment and implementation of precautions to control transmission, reducing the risk of nosocomial infections. In the present ...
Frezza Simonetta - - 2011
To evaluate whether growth discordance is an independent risk factor in the neonatal outcome of the smaller twin, all medical records of twin pregnancies delivered between 26 and 41 weeks during a 5-year period (January 2004-December 2008) were reviewed. Among the 49 selected twins, weight discordance was 15-20% in 7 ...
Chang Jia-Kan - - 2011
Most small muscular ventricular septal defect (M-VSD) types have been diagnosed using color Doppler echocardiography. The purpose of this study was to understand the incidence of small M-VSD in the neonatal period and analyze the natural history of these M-VSDs. All individuals in our study were neonates delivered at term ...
Werner Lynne A - - 2011
Adult listeners detect and discriminate target sounds better in amplitude modulated noise than in unmodulated noise. This study examined infants' ability to take advantage of masker modulation to improve sensitivity to a target. Listeners were 7-9-month-old infants and 18-30-year-old adults. Vowel discrimination in noise was tested. Listeners learned to respond ...
Moik Katja - - 2011
Data on body weight of pure-bred kittens (Maine Coon, Norwegian Forest Cat, Birman, Persian, Siamese/Oriental Shorthair Cat) from birth (n 245) to 12 weeks of age (n 135) were obtained from breeders. Absolute birth weight (in g) was higher in larger breeds than in smaller breeds, whereas relative birth weight ...
Milani Hosseini S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical course of urinary tract infection (UTI) in neonates with septicemia and also determine the most common UTI manifestations in hospitalized neonates. A cross-sectional study was carried out on consecutive febrile infants aged 1 to 56 days that were ...
Ward Nancy - - 2011
Newborns prefer to listen to their native language. We have shown that this preference for the native language also exists with visual cues alone (Ward and Sundara, 2010). Four and 8-month-old monolingual English-learning infants looked longer at a face speaking English compared to Spanish. What information in the talking faces ...
Garten Lars - - 2011
To study the frequency and duration of parental visits to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) during the first 28 days of life of preterm infants in relation to medical variables, sociodemographic factors, and subsequent outpatient follow-up examinations. Retrospective chart review of 127 infants with a birth weight less than 1500 ...
Britton K F M - - 2011
To investigate feeding practices in infants born with a cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) in the West of Scotland and the challenges that the parents of these children experienced especially in the first hours and months after birth. A questionnaire involving a 'face-to-face' interview was completed with parents of cleft ...
Chirico Gaetano - - 2011
Preterm neonates represent a category of patients with high transfusion needs. Ideally, red blood cells (RBC) transfusion should be tailored to the individual requirements of the single infant. However, despite the progress in neonatal transfusion medicine, many controversies still remain, and the decision on whether to transfuse or not is ...
Kleinman Paul K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to determine the relative likelihood of encountering a classic metaphyseal lesion in infants at low and high risk for abuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 10-year retrospective study compared the prevalence of the classic metaphyseal lesion on high-detail American College of Radiology-standardized skeletal surveys ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia - - 2011
Late preterm birth (defined as birth between 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation) and early-term birth (defined as birth between 37 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks gestation) have become the topic of much recent literature and discussion as the morbidity associated with delivery at these gestational ages becomes evident. ...
Javid Patrick J - - 2011
Despite advances in pediatric nutritional support and a renewed focus on management of intestinal failure, there are limited recent data regarding the risk of parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated liver disease in surgical infants. This study investigated the incidence of cholestasis from PN and risk factors for its development in this population. ...
Hoehl Stefanie - - 2011
Previous research has shown that expressions of fear have an effect on infants' object processing. This event-related potential study addresses the question whether surprised faces affect infants' brain responses to objects in a similar way, as both expressions share a crucial perceptual feature, wide-opened eyes. Three-month and 9-month-old infants were ...
Archer Stephanie - - 2011
From birth, infants are capable of discriminating speech sounds that occur cross-linguistically, but by their first year, infants have difficulty discriminating most non-native contrasts (Werker and Tees, 1984). Yet, language experience is not the only factor affecting discrimination. Further research into language-specific perception reveals asymmetries occur in the discrimination of ...
Lisonkova Sarka - - 2011
Objectives: Vital Statistics and World Health Organization reports show a recent increase in maternal mortality in Canada. We carried out a study of temporal trends, regional variations, and causes of death in Canadian maternal mortality using Vital Statistics data. Methods: We used Vital Statistics death registrations to ascertain maternal deaths ...
Oohashi Hiroki - - 2011
Knowledge about the actual movements of articulators and their developmental changes in early childhood is crucial to a better understanding of the relationship between speech productions and perceptions. In this study, we attempted to recover the shapes of articulators from the acoustic properties of infants' vocalizations by using a variable ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2011
The aim of this study was to establish a prenatal prognostic classification system for risk-stratified management in fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study of isolated CDH, diagnosed prenatally in fetuses delivered during the 2002 to 2007 period at 5 participating institutions in Japan, was ...
Dozier Ann M - - 2011
State worksite breastfeeding statutes are thought to play a role in increasing rates of breastfeeding duration, which remain below Healthy People 2010 goals. As of 2010 24 states including the District of Columbia had such worksite statutes. Of these only 18 required both break time and a site. This preliminary ...
Matendo Richard M - - 2011
Each year, an estimated six million perinatal deaths occur worldwide, and 98% of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. These estimates are based on surveys in both urban and rural areas, and they may underrepresent the problem in rural areas. This study was conducted to quantify perinatal mortality, ...
Morrison David G - - 2011
The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study is a randomized trial that compares the treatment of unilateral congenital cataract with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation versus aphakic contact lens (CLs). The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes for infants with lens opacity associated with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) to ...
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