Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1895
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Caskey Melinda - - 2011
Objective:To determine the sound environment of preterm infants cared for in the NICU and to test the hypothesis that infants exposed to more adult language will make more vocalizations.Methods:This was a prospective cohort study of 36 infants who had a birth weight of ≤1250 g. Sixteen-hour recordings of the infant ...
Bright Melissa A - - 2011
Upon awakening from sleep, combined processes of deactivation of the hippocampus and activation of suprachiasmatic nucleus result in a marked increase in cortisol release from structures within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. This phenomenon, termed the cortisol awakening response (CAR), has been studied extensively in adults. In the current study, we examine ...
- - 2011
Despite a major decrease in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) since the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released its recommendation in 1992 that infants be placed for sleep in a nonprone position, this decline has plateaued in recent years. Concurrently, other causes of sudden unexpected infant death ...
- - 2011
Despite a major decrease in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) since the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released its recommendation in 1992 that infants be placed for sleep in a nonprone position, this decline has plateaued in recent years. Concurrently, other causes of sudden unexpected infant death ...
Geva Alon - - 2011
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in NICUs increases the risk of nosocomial infection. Network analysis provides tools to examine the interactions among patients and staff members that put patients at risk of colonization. Data from MRSA surveillance cultures were combined with patient room locations, nursing assignments, and sibship information to ...
Ambalavanan Namasivayam - - 2011
Extremely low birth weight infants often require rehospitalization during infancy. Our objective was to identify at the time of discharge which extremely low birth weight infants are at higher risk for rehospitalization. Data from extremely low birth weight infants in Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
Sood Vikrant - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the changing spectrum of ROP, and to compare the siblings of multiple gestations with regard to incidence and severity of ROP. METHODS: A prospective study was done among a total of 158 infants (including 19 twin pairs), selected for ROP screening as per American Academy of Pediatrics ...
Feldkamp Marcia L - - 2011
Cloacal exstrophy presents as a complex abdominal wall defect thought to result from a mesodermal abnormality. Anatomically, its main components are Omphalocele, bladder Exstrophy and Imperforate anus. Other associated malformations include renal malformations and Spine defects (OEIS complex). Historically, the prevalence ranges from 1 in 200,000 to 400,000 births, with ...
Tang Samantha - - 2011
This study compared the expression of BDNF (proBDNF and rhBDNF forms) and its receptor TrkB, in the medulla of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants and infants who died from known causes (non-SIDS). This study also evaluated these markers in association with SIDS clinical risk factors including, sleep position, cigarette ...
Essouri Sandrine - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the optimal level of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in infants with severe hypercapnic viral bronchiolitis as assessed by the maximal unloading of the respiratory muscles and improvement of breathing pattern and gas exchange. METHODS: A prospective physiological study in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit ...
Diesel Holly Johanna - - 2011
Purpose: This randomized control trial investigated the relationship between soothability, weight gain, and length of hospital stay in premature infants. Method: Forty-eight preterm infants were randomized into control group or flaxseed pillow treatment group. The pillow group received two 15-minute treatments per day. Treatment consisted of placing a flaxseed-filled pillow ...
van Kooij B J M - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:WM injury is associated with different disabilities that children born prematurely may experience during their lives. The aim of this study was to use TBSS to test the hypothesis that WM microstructure at TEA in preterm infants is correlated with cognitive and motor outcome at 2-year corrected age.MATERIALS ...
Heflick Nathan A - - 2011
Terror management theory (TMT) posits that people cope with mortality concerns via symbolic immortality (e.g., secular cultural beliefs that outlast death) and/or literal immortality (afterlife belief). However, what happens when these two forms of immortality conflict, as in atheism? Would atheists' mortality concerns be better assuaged by affirming an afterlife, ...
Swanson Amy E - - 2011
Subgaleal hemorrhage in the newborn is a serious adverse event often unrecognized and under-appreciated. This retrospective case series aimed to determine perinatal factors associated with subgaleal hemorrhage and subsequent neonatal outcomes. Obstetric and neonatal details of 21 infants with subgaleal hemorrhage over a 10 year period were collected. The mother ...
Kim Byung-Mi - - 2011
Birth weight is a strong determinant of attained weight at early ages. Until now, many studies have reported that low birth weight corresponds with high mercury levels. However, the relationship between mercury exposure and attained weight of infant has not been well studied. Therefore, the aim of the present study ...
Dickison Philippa - - 2011
  Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumor of infancy and have been estimated to occur in 4% of infants. Only two previous incidence studies of IH in a healthy population have been published, and both of these were performed in the first week of life. The objective was ...
Ceylan Abdullah - - 2011
In this case report the authors present an extremely low birth weight premature infant with neonatal brucellosis whose mother had been treated for brucellosis during pregnancy. Infant developed mild respiratory distress syndrome soon after birth. At 2nd wk of postnatal age findings of bronchopulmonary dysplasia were evident and she and ...
Mihatsch Walter A - - 2012
Probiotics have been suggested to prevent severe necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and decrease mortality in preterm infants. The aim of this paper was to systematically analyze the level of evidence (LoE) of published controlled randomized trials (RCTs) on probiotics in preterm infants. Literature searches were made up to November 2010. LoE ...
Lee Sang Yub - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonographically (US)-guided percutaneous cholecystocholangiography (PCC) for early diagnosis and characterization of biliary atresia in infants with cholestatic liver disease. Institutional review board approval was obtained for this study. Parental informed written consent was obtained. From October 2003 to August 2010, 22 infants (12 male, 10 ...
O'Shea T Michael - - 2012
To evaluate the hypothesis that elevated levels of inflammation-related proteins in early postnatal blood predict impaired mental and motor development in extremely preterm infants. We measured concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood collected on postnatal days 1, 7, and 14 from 939 infants born before 28 weeks gestation. An ...
Vanderpluym Christina - - 2011
ABSTRACT Background: Because neonatal herpes simplex virus (NHSV) infection is difficult to diagnose, there has been a move towards using more empiric acyclovir (ACV). Objective: The purpose of this study was to review the use of ACV to optimize future management of NHSV. Methods: Charts were reviewed for infants started ...
Toms Leisa-Maree L - - 2011
Triclosan is a chlorinated phenol ether that has been in widespread use as a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent for four decades. When compared to the limited international data available on human body burden of triclosan, results from a pooled blood study suggested that triclosan concentrations in Australia were a factor two ...
Rubio-Cabezas Oscar - - 2011
Rubio-Cabezas O, Flanagan SE, Damhuis A, Hattersley AT, Ellard S. K(ATP) channel mutations in infants with permanent diabetes diagnosed after 6 months of life. Background/Objective: Mutations in the K(ATP) channel genes are the commonest cause of permanent neonatal diabetes. Most patients obtain optimal glycemic control on sulfonylurea treatment. Genetic testing ...
Wyatt-Ashmead Josephine - - 2011
Abstract Antenatal closure of the ductus arteriosus was speculated, but rarely reported, as a cause of hydrops fetalis. The purpose of this prospective anatomic study was to find the incidence of antenatal closure of the ductus arteriosus and hydrops fetalis in a high-risk obstetric population and to find associated factors ...
Park Albert H - - 2011
Objective. To determine the type of hearing loss, incidence of the lost to follow-up rate, and the time to diagnose sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children with Down syndrome (DS) identified from a statewide database.Study Design. Case series with chart review.Setting. Pediatric referral center.Subjects and Methods. Three hundred forty-four patients ...
Huang Chi-Tai - - 2011
Previous work shows that infants manifest emulation learning in the use of end-state information. Outcome-based emulation has been interpreted as affordance learning or goal attribution. The present paper explores whether these two learning possibilities might be related. In 3 experiments, 17-month-old infants (N = 180) were presented with action outcomes ...
Koldewijn Karen - - 2011
Aim:  The aim is to investigate the reliability, sensitivity and responsiveness of the Infant Behavioral Assessment (IBA) to evaluate neurobehavioral organization in very preterm infants. Methods:  Videotaped assessments of very preterm infants participating in a recent trial served to evaluate a standardized IBA-observation. Inter-rater reliability was based on 40 videos ...
Kim Shin Y - - 2011
  We compared written text on infant death certificates for deaths coded as sudden infant death syndrome (R95), unknown cause (R99), and accidental suffocation (W75). Using US mortality files supplemented with the death certifiers' written text for all infant deaths with International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 assigned codes R95, R99, ...
Bai Yeon K - - 2011
Currently over half of mothers of infants under 1-year-old are in the workforce in the United States. These women face challenges to continue breastfeeding when they return to work 3 to 6 months post-partum. This study explored the perspectives of employers on mother-friendly environments to assess their readiness to provide ...
Suri Sunjay - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: To a) evaluate quantitative differences in presurgical presentations of alveolar alignment and nostril anatomy of infants with BCLP treated with nasoalveolar molding (NAM) from those treated with maxillary infant orthopedics only (IO); b) detect inter-relationships between presurgical nasoalveolar anatomy, age at lip surgery, age of commencing, and durations ...
Turner Claudia C Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot 63110, Thailand. - - 2012
Prompt antibiotic treatment for infants with sepsis has the potential to save lives. A rectal formulation of an antibiotic could be used at a village level before referral to hospital. The development of such a preparation needs to take into account the rectal pH of infants that will affect drug ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2011
PURPOSE: Reduced mortality for infants born at less than 30 weeks' gestation after prophylactic surfactant administration has led many to advocate routine intubation and administration of surfactant in all infants at risk of respiratory distress syndrome. However, surfactant administration is associated with adverse events including bradycardia, changes in cerebral blood flow ...
Verboon-Maciolek Malgorzata A - - 2012
We describe 5 preterm and 3 term infants who presented with seizures during rotavirus infection within 6 weeks after birth. Six of these infants developed late-onset cystic periventricular leukomalacia. Four of the preterm infants had neurodevelopmental delay, and 4 (near) term infants had normal early outcome.
Takeuchi M - - 2011
SUMMARYWe examined pertussis hospitalizations among infants aged <1 year between 2006 and 2008 using the nationwide inpatient database in Japan. A total of 660 infants hospitalized for pertussis were identified. Peak incidence occurred at age 1 month and infants aged 0-2 months (too young for pertussis vaccination) and ⩾3 months ...
Coneus Katja - - 2011
This paper examines the impact of outdoor pollution and parental smoking on children's health from birth until the age of three years in Germany. We use representative data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), combined with five air pollution levels. These data were provided by the Federal Environment Agency and ...
Creutzig U - - 2012
Infants <1 year of age have a high prevalence of prognostically unfavorable leukemias and a presumed susceptibility to treatment-related toxicities. A total of 125 infants with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were treated in studies AML-BFM-98 (n = 59) and -2004 (n = 66). Treatment regimens of both studies were comparable, ...
van Stuijvenberg Margriet - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of adding specific prebiotics to standard formula feeding on the number of fever episodes in the first year of life. In the present randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in seven centres in five West European countries, 830 healthy term infants, ...
Vij Navin K - - 2011
Few cases of the pandemic influenza A H1N1 have been reported in very low birth weight infants. We report here a small outbreak in our NICU of 3 cases of influenza A/H1N1/09-10 in very low birth weight infants during the 2009-2010 H1N1 pandemic and describe their clinical presentations and favorable ...
D'Souza Rohan - - 2011
Low birth weight predicts adult essential hypertension and is linked to increased cardiovascular mortality in adult life. A reduction in capillary density (ie, rarefaction) is a hallmark of essential hypertension, and evidence suggests that rarefaction precedes the onset of the rise in blood pressure, because it is found in normotensive ...
Sato Yutaka - - 2011
The Japanese language has single/geminate obstruents characterized by durational difference in closure/frication as part of the phonemic repertoire used to distinguish word meanings. We first evaluated infants' abilities to discriminate naturally uttered single/geminate obstruents (/pata/ and /patta/) using the visual habituation-dishabituation method. The results revealed that 9.5-month-old Japanese infants were ...
Doyen Virginie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Exposure to house dust endotoxin induces of airways' inflammation. Endotoxin are produced by the Gram-negative bacteria, which are released into the stools and could contaminate domestic environment. OBJECTIVE: The newborn could contaminate his mattress by endotoxin. METHODS: The dusts of mattress and carpets of 97 newborn' dwellings were sampled ...
Scattone Dorothy - - 2011
The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland-II), and Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III) were administered to 65 children between the ages of 12 and 42 months referred for developmental delays. Standard scores and age equivalents were compared across instruments. Analyses showed no statistical difference ...
Chu Chen - - 2011
To assess the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and sudden infant death (SID) between 2001 and 2004 in Shanghai, China. We conducted a time-stratified case-crossover analysis to estimate the percent increase of SID associated with changes in DTR after adjustment for daily weather conditions (temperature and relative humidity) and ...
Manandhar S R - - 2011
Background: Perinatal mortality rate is very high in developing countries including Nepal. Analyzing perinatal deaths help in identifying preventable factors thus help in reducing it. Analysis of causes of perinatal deaths over a period in a hospital will help to identify the perinatal mortality trend and preventable factors thus help ...
Robertson Russell - - 2011
The Back-to-Sleep campaign has helped reduce the incidence of SIDS, but a neglect of prone positioning during wakefulness has increased the risk of 3 complications.
Sundara Megha - - 2011
Infants' ability to find words in fluent speech is affected by their language experience. The focus of this study was the extent to which monolingual Spanish- and monolingual English-learning 8-month-old infants' segmentation abilities are tied to their familiarity with the rhythmic properties of their native language. Spanish and English are ...
Inoue Seiichiro - - 2011
A set of monochorionic male twins presented with intestinal perforation. The smaller twin was diagnosed with necrotizing enterocolitis followed by sepsis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and necrotizing fasciitis of the abdominal wall. The infant died on the fourth day after surgery, 16 days after birth. Surgical specimens and autopsy revealed a ...
Stojanović Marija M - - 2011
BACGROUND/AIM: Cronobacter sakazakii (C sakazakii) is an emerging food-borne pathogen that has increasingly raised interest among the whole public community and food industry, especially in the production of powder infant formula. It has been isolated from water, sediment and soil. The question is whether this pathogen can be present in ...
Röjås Sara - - 2011
Extensive intestinal surgery in very preterm infants and its influence on somatic growth is of major concern. There is little consensus as to which is the most appropriate surgical approach in extremely low-birth-weight infants with abdominal pathology. Laparotomy is currently advocated, but peritoneal drainage is also discussed. To study laparotomy ...
Olamijulo Joseph Ayodeji - - 2011
An overwhelming proportion of the annual global perinatal deaths occur in developing countries. However few data on perinatal mortality are available from these countries. Reducing perinatal deaths requires adequate data that can be used to develop appropriate strategies. To determine the perinatal mortality rate at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital ...
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