Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1895
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Paquette Katryn - - 2011
Guidelines for the management of febrile infants aged 30 to 90 days presenting to the emergency department (ED) suggest that a lumbar puncture (LP) should be performed routinely if a positive urinalysis is found during initial investigations. The aim of our study was to assess the necessity of routine LPs ...
Aydemir Cumhur - - 2011
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In this study, we compared the global oxidant/antioxidant status by measuring total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) in preterm infants with NEC and with control preterms. Forty-one preterm neonates with NEC ...
Kaczmarek Jennifer - - 2011
Background  In ELBW infants, the addition of RH improves thermal stability, fluid and electrolyte balance. However, during routine care this micro-environment is frequently disturbed. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, magnitude and direction of fluctuations in relative humidity (RH) provided to ELBW infants. Methods  All infants ...
Casey Denise M - - 2011
Baby M was born limp, blue, and without respiratory effort at 38 weeks gestation to a 38-year-old, gravida 5, para 1, woman. Delivery was vaginal after a rapid progression of labor leaving no opportunity for a cesarean section. No other complications were noted during labor but a large surge at ...
Oliveira Nuno - - 2011
Nasal polyps are rare in children younger than 10 years. We describe the case of an infant girl who had undergone a traumatic intubation at birth that had resulted in nasal bleeding. At the age of 5 months, she was brought to us with an obstructive left nasal mass. Imaging ...
Hayashi Giselle - - 2011
To evaluate weight-adjusted strategy for levels of neonatal-17OHP in order to improve newborn screening (NBS) efficiency. Blood samples collected between 2-7 days of age from 67,640 newborns were evaluated. When N17OHP levels were > 20 ng/mL, and a second sample was requested. We retrospectively analyzed neonatal-17OHP levels measured by Auto ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2011
Objective: Aspects of neonatal care that are the subject of evolving guidelines include hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization; discharge follow-up recommendations; and prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal (GBS) disease. In 2007, a university hospital's standardized newborn nursery orders were changed to reflect current recommendations in these areas. The objective ...
Tonbul Alparslan - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate the normal range of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in term and preterm newborns dependent on gestational age. Material and methods: A total of 1,594 preterm and term neonates were admitted to our neonatology department. Infants were divided into two groups according to their gestational age. ...
Raut Pradeep - - 2011
Introduction: Infants with Down syndrome (DS) are at higher risk of hearing loss (HL). Normal hearing at one year of age plays an important part in language development. An audit was conducted to determine the impact of the newborn hearing screening program on the incidence, type and timing of diagnosis ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2012
To examine the predictive ability of stage of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) for death or moderate/severe disability at 18 months among neonates undergoing hypothermia. Stage of encephalopathy was evaluated at <6 hours of age, during study intervention, and at discharge among 204 participants in the National Institute of Child Health and ...
Gladstone Melissa - - 2011
Preterm birth is considered to be associated with an estimated 27% of neonatal deaths, the majority in resource-poor countries where rates of prematurity are high. There is no information on medium term outcomes after accurately determined preterm birth in such settings. This community-based stratified cohort study conducted between May-December 2006 ...
Dryden-Peterson Scott - - 2011
Few studies have compared the programmatic effectiveness of the recommended strategies of antenatal highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and zidovudine for prevention of mother-to-child transmission. We prospectively followed infants (93% formula fed) whose mothers who took either HAART (258 infants) or zidovudine (170 infants) during pregnancy in the Botswana national ...
Kangas Ashley - - 2011
Learning can be highly adaptive if associations learned in one context are generalized to novel contexts. We examined the development of such generalization in infancy in the context of grouping. In Experiment 1, 3- to 4-month-olds and 6- to 7-month-olds were habituated to shapes grouped via the organizational principle of ...
Al Hazzani Fahad F Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2011
Published data on short-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants from Saudi Arabia are limited. In the present study, our objective was to describe and analyze the outcomes of very low birth weight infants admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit and to compare the results with data published ...
Weston Emily J EJ Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. - - 2011
Sepsis in the first 3 days of life is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among infants. Group B Streptococcus (GBS), historically the primary cause of early-onset sepsis (EOS), has declined through widespread use of intrapartum chemoprophylaxis. We estimated the national burden of invasive EOS cases and deaths in ...
van der Eijk Anne Catherine - - 2011
Aim:  To quantify manual FiO(2) adjustments performed by caregivers in extremely low birth weight (ELBW; ≤1000 gram) infants, in relation to oxygen saturation (SpO(2) ), and bedside care. Methods:  In a single-centre study, FiO(2) , SpO(2) , and alarm limits of ELBW infants were collected for 3 days continuously, while ...
Durrmeyer Xavier - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death according to the condition leading to extremely preterm birth, preterm labor, or vascular disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of all premature births before 28 weeks of gestation in a single Level III institution. Mother/infants were attributed to the "preterm ...
Beccaria Elisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Observation of the quality of endogenously generated "General Movements" has been proved to be a reliable and sensitive tool in the assessment of fragile neonates. The absence of fidgety movements at 2-4months post-term is highly predictive of Cerebral Palsy. On the contrary, the presence of a poor repertoire pattern ...
Jadcherla Sudarshan R - - 2012
Feeding difficulties and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) are common problems in neonates. The authors hypothesize that GER could be influenced by feeding mechanics by evaluating the effects of feeding volumes, feeding durations, feeding flow rates, and caloric density on the chemical composition and clearance of GER in dysphagic neonates. Symptomatic dysphagic ...
Soong Wen-Jue - - 2011
Supplemental oxygen (O(2)) is mandatory during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) in infants, but there are limited studies that deal with the efficacy of different O(2) delivery methods. This study aims to compare the oxyhemoglobin saturation in infants during FB among three different O(2) delivery methods, as measured by pulse oximeter (SpO(2)). ...
Triffterer L - - 2012
The establishment of peripheral venous access in infants is the most common invasive technique in paediatric anaesthesia. Venous puncture can be challenging due to the small size of vessels in this patient population. The present study was designed to investigate the practicability of ultrasound-guided vascular access to the great saphenous ...
Chandra P Sarat - - 2011
A 4-week-old infant presented with hemifacial spasms noticed from the 4th day after delivery. These progressed in severity, with generalization every 3-4 h. On admission, the infant went into refractory status epilepticus and had to be electively ventilated and taken for surgery on a semi-emergency basis. MRI showed a fourth ...
Kotecha S - - 2012
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have significant mortality and long-term morbidity. Only 60-70% survive and usually those in high-volume centres. The current Task Force, therefore, has convened experts to evaluate the current literature and make recommendations on both the antenatal and post-natal management of CDH. The incidence of CDH ...
Pineda R G - - 2012
To explore differences in maternal factors, including visitation and holding, among premature infants cared for in single-patient rooms (SPR) compared with open-bay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A total of 81 premature infants were assigned to a bed space in either the open-bay area or in a SPR ...
de Bruïne Francisca T - - 2011
Purpose:To explore the association between diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI), punctate white matter (WM) lesions, and ventricular dilatation around term-equivalent age (TEA) and at clinical follow-up at 2 years in very preterm infants and the effect on neurodevelopment.Materials and Methods:Ethical approval for this prospective study was given by the ...
Simons Julie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between intraoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and neurodevelopmental outcome in children after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Cross-sectional neurodevelopmental evaluation at 2 years of age was performed in a cohort of young infants who had surgery for congenital heart disease in ...
Williams E M - - 2011
Tidal volume (VT) measurements in newborn infants remain largely a research tool. Tidal ventilation and breathing pattern were measured using a new device, FloRight, which uses electromagnetic inductive plethysmography, and compared simultaneously with pneumotachography in 43 infants either receiving no respiratory support or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Twenty-three infants ...
Harmon Jenna - - 2011
We present a 10-week-old girl with myositis ossificans circumscripta (MO) of the neck secondary to nonaccidental trauma. This condition is rarely seen in infants; furthermore, the majority of MO lesions develop in the extremities rather than the head and neck region. We will detail the US-guided biopsy technique used in ...
Vial Dupuy Amandine - - 2011
Background. Recurrent wheezing in infants is a recognized risk factor for the development of childhood asthma. We sought to develop an easy-to-use persistent asthma predictive score (PAPS) in a population of young recurrent wheezers. Methods. We retrospectively studied clinical and biological data of infants under 2 years of age presenting ...
Nitsch Erika K - - 2011
Breastfeeding patterns were subject to a number of fads in 18th and 19th century Britain. Feeding infants by hand, rather than maternal breastfeeding or wet-nursing, became more prevalent among both the wealthy and poor. Substitute foods may have been a convenient alternative for mothers employed away from the household. This ...
Dunn Michael S - - 2011
Objective:We designed a multicenter randomized trial to compare 3 approaches to the initial respiratory management of preterm neonates: prophylactic surfactant followed by a period of mechanical ventilation (prophylactic surfactant [PS]); prophylactic surfactant with rapid extubation to bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (intubate-surfactant-extubate [ISX]) or initial management with bubble continuous ...
Lee Kyung A - - 2011
Preterm birth is a complex health problem with social, environmental, behavioral, and genetic determinants of an individual's risk and remains a major challenge in obstetrics. Recent research has caused improvements in predicting preterm birth; however, there is still controversy about the prediction of preterm birth in asymptomatic women. The purpose ...
Ravn Ingrid Helen - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of knowledge about the effects of early interaction-based interventions on parenting and infant communication skills in moderately and late preterm infants. AIMS: Assess in a RCT the effects of the Mother-Infant Transaction program (MITP) on maternal depression and stress, breastfeeding and mothers' perception of infant ...
Popat Himanshu - - 2011
Background: The early neonatal circulatory transition usually occurs smoothly but occasionally it is incomplete or reverts to the fetal state of high pulmonary vascular resistance, resulting in significant neonatal morbidity. Objective: To define the normal values for echocardiographic parameters during the early transitional circulation in term infants. Methods: Two-dimensional, M-mode, ...
Kim Yoon-Joo - - 2011
Background: Meconium obstruction (MO) of prematurity can result in increased morbidity or mortality and prolonged hospitalization if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. Objectives: The aims of our study were to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with MO and to review the treatment outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis was ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight and prematurity and are known risks for mortality in congenital heart lesions. It is not known whether risks of delayed intervention are offset by benefits of growth and maturation. We explored this question. METHODS: All 1618 infants admitted to our institution within 30 days after birth ...
Rooks Judith P - - 2011
Introduction: This review of the safety and risks of nitrous oxide (N(2) O) labor analgesia presents results of a search for evidence of its effects on labor, the mother, the fetus, the neonate, breastfeeding, and maternal-infant bonding. Concerns about apoptotic damage to the brains of immature mammals exposed to high ...
Dykes Fiona - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: to conduct an in-depth evaluation of the Infant Feeding Information Team (IFIT) to implement the WHO Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes in North West England. The evaluation included consultations with inter-disciplinary professionals to explore their perceptions of the IFIT and related contextual issues. DESIGN: a qualitative, descriptive study ...
Marba Sérgio T M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of periventricular/intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) in very low birth rate neonates. METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted on a sample of very low birth weight infants over a 15-year period. Neonates who did not undergo cerebral ultrasonography, had malformations affecting the central nervous system, or died within ...
Clearfield Melissa W - - 2011
Cognitive flexibility requires processing multiple sources of information and flexible adaptation of behavioral responses. Poverty negatively impacts cognitive control in young children, but its effects on infants are not well-understood. This study investigated longitudinally the development of cognitive flexibility in low-income infants. Thirty-two infants (15 low-SES, 17 high-SES) were tested ...
van der Aa Niek E - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After perinatal arterial ischemic stroke, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and early evaluation of spontaneous motor behavior can be used to predict the development of unilateral motor deficits. The aim of this study was to investigate whether diffusion tensor imaging-based tractography at 3 months of age contributes to this ...
Tshering Chenga - - 2012
This study was performed to clarify the sow-to-fetus transmission pathway of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) types 1 (TTSuV1) and 2 (TTSuV2). For this purpose, detection of TTSuV1 and TTSuV2 (TTSuVs) in sera of 6 sows (Sows 1-6) at parturition and in sera of their newborn piglets immediately after birth ...
Sauber-Schatz Erin K - - 2011
Assess whether the 55% increase in Florida's Hispanic infant mortality rate (HIMR) during 2004-2007 was real or artifactual. Using linked data from Florida resident live births and infant deaths for 2004-2007, we calculated traditional (infant Hispanic ethnicity from death certificates and maternal Hispanic ethnicity from birth certificates) and nontraditional (infant ...
Magu Sarita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of thymic size in vivo in preterm infants with gestational age (GA), birth-weight (BW) and length of the baby. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive preterm, appropriate for GA, asymptomatic neonates with GA between 26 and 36 wk and BW between 1000 and 2700 g were examined during the ...
Herfel Tina M - - 2011
Oligosaccharides, the 3rd-most abundant component in human milk, are virtually absent from infant formulas and from the cow milk on which most are based. In breast-fed infants, human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) act as both receptor analogs, interfering with pathogen adhesion, and as prebiotics, stimulating the growth of certain commensal bacteria ...
Samuel T M - - 2012
To objectively measure rates of breast-feeding to infants born in a baby-friendly hospital in Bangalore, India, and to capture home-based compliance to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Breast-milk (BM) and non-breast-milk (NBM) water intake were assessed in 50 mother-infant pairs using a deuterium dilution technique at months 1, 3 and 6. Complementary ...
Chiavarini Manuela - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We examine the effects of mother's characteristics and socioeconomic condition on weight at birth and preterm delivery in an Italian region (Umbria). METHODS: The study concerns all live-born singleton infants in 2007 with at least a gestational age of 22 weeks. Information derived from the Standard Certificate of Live Birth ...
Gore C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Allergic disease has been associated with altered intestinal microbiota. Therefore, probiotics have been suggested as a potential treatment for eczema. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether dietary supplementation of infants with eczema at age 3-6 months with Lactobacillus paracasei CNCM I-2116 or Bifidobacterium lactis CNCM I-3446 had a treatment effect or altered ...
Sezer Rabia Gonul - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this report was to compare the efficacy of oral alendronate versus prednisolone treatment in addition to conventional measures in infants with Vitamin D intoxication. Methods:  In 6 infants (aged 8.0± 2.1 months) with Vitamin D intoxication, time to achieve normocalcemia with prednisolone treatment (Group I, n: ...
Dani Carlo - - 2011
ABSTRACT Objectives. Lutein and its isomer zeaxanthin (L/Z) function in the eye as antioxidant agents and blue-light filters. Our aim was to evaluate whether their administration could help decrease the occurrence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Methods. Infants with gestational age ⩽32 weeks were randomly assigned to ...
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