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Results 501 - 550 of 1869
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Williams E M - - 2011
Tidal volume (VT) measurements in newborn infants remain largely a research tool. Tidal ventilation and breathing pattern were measured using a new device, FloRight, which uses electromagnetic inductive plethysmography, and compared simultaneously with pneumotachography in 43 infants either receiving no respiratory support or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Twenty-three infants ...
Harmon Jenna - - 2011
We present a 10-week-old girl with myositis ossificans circumscripta (MO) of the neck secondary to nonaccidental trauma. This condition is rarely seen in infants; furthermore, the majority of MO lesions develop in the extremities rather than the head and neck region. We will detail the US-guided biopsy technique used in ...
Vial Dupuy Amandine - - 2011
Background. Recurrent wheezing in infants is a recognized risk factor for the development of childhood asthma. We sought to develop an easy-to-use persistent asthma predictive score (PAPS) in a population of young recurrent wheezers. Methods. We retrospectively studied clinical and biological data of infants under 2 years of age presenting ...
Nitsch Erika K - - 2011
Breastfeeding patterns were subject to a number of fads in 18th and 19th century Britain. Feeding infants by hand, rather than maternal breastfeeding or wet-nursing, became more prevalent among both the wealthy and poor. Substitute foods may have been a convenient alternative for mothers employed away from the household. This ...
Dunn Michael S - - 2011
Objective:We designed a multicenter randomized trial to compare 3 approaches to the initial respiratory management of preterm neonates: prophylactic surfactant followed by a period of mechanical ventilation (prophylactic surfactant [PS]); prophylactic surfactant with rapid extubation to bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (intubate-surfactant-extubate [ISX]) or initial management with bubble continuous ...
Lee Kyung A - - 2011
Preterm birth is a complex health problem with social, environmental, behavioral, and genetic determinants of an individual's risk and remains a major challenge in obstetrics. Recent research has caused improvements in predicting preterm birth; however, there is still controversy about the prediction of preterm birth in asymptomatic women. The purpose ...
Ravn Ingrid Helen - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of knowledge about the effects of early interaction-based interventions on parenting and infant communication skills in moderately and late preterm infants. AIMS: Assess in a RCT the effects of the Mother-Infant Transaction program (MITP) on maternal depression and stress, breastfeeding and mothers' perception of infant ...
Popat Himanshu - - 2011
Background: The early neonatal circulatory transition usually occurs smoothly but occasionally it is incomplete or reverts to the fetal state of high pulmonary vascular resistance, resulting in significant neonatal morbidity. Objective: To define the normal values for echocardiographic parameters during the early transitional circulation in term infants. Methods: Two-dimensional, M-mode, ...
Kim Yoon-Joo - - 2011
Background: Meconium obstruction (MO) of prematurity can result in increased morbidity or mortality and prolonged hospitalization if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. Objectives: The aims of our study were to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with MO and to review the treatment outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis was ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight and prematurity and are known risks for mortality in congenital heart lesions. It is not known whether risks of delayed intervention are offset by benefits of growth and maturation. We explored this question. METHODS: All 1618 infants admitted to our institution within 30 days after birth ...
Rooks Judith P - - 2011
Introduction: This review of the safety and risks of nitrous oxide (N(2) O) labor analgesia presents results of a search for evidence of its effects on labor, the mother, the fetus, the neonate, breastfeeding, and maternal-infant bonding. Concerns about apoptotic damage to the brains of immature mammals exposed to high ...
Dykes Fiona - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: to conduct an in-depth evaluation of the Infant Feeding Information Team (IFIT) to implement the WHO Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes in North West England. The evaluation included consultations with inter-disciplinary professionals to explore their perceptions of the IFIT and related contextual issues. DESIGN: a qualitative, descriptive study ...
Marba Sérgio T M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of periventricular/intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) in very low birth rate neonates. METHODS: Prospective cohort study conducted on a sample of very low birth weight infants over a 15-year period. Neonates who did not undergo cerebral ultrasonography, had malformations affecting the central nervous system, or died within ...
Clearfield Melissa W - - 2011
Cognitive flexibility requires processing multiple sources of information and flexible adaptation of behavioral responses. Poverty negatively impacts cognitive control in young children, but its effects on infants are not well-understood. This study investigated longitudinally the development of cognitive flexibility in low-income infants. Thirty-two infants (15 low-SES, 17 high-SES) were tested ...
van der Aa Niek E - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After perinatal arterial ischemic stroke, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and early evaluation of spontaneous motor behavior can be used to predict the development of unilateral motor deficits. The aim of this study was to investigate whether diffusion tensor imaging-based tractography at 3 months of age contributes to this ...
Tshering Chenga - - 2012
This study was performed to clarify the sow-to-fetus transmission pathway of Torque teno sus virus (TTSuV) types 1 (TTSuV1) and 2 (TTSuV2). For this purpose, detection of TTSuV1 and TTSuV2 (TTSuVs) in sera of 6 sows (Sows 1-6) at parturition and in sera of their newborn piglets immediately after birth ...
Sauber-Schatz Erin K - - 2011
Assess whether the 55% increase in Florida's Hispanic infant mortality rate (HIMR) during 2004-2007 was real or artifactual. Using linked data from Florida resident live births and infant deaths for 2004-2007, we calculated traditional (infant Hispanic ethnicity from death certificates and maternal Hispanic ethnicity from birth certificates) and nontraditional (infant ...
Magu Sarita - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of thymic size in vivo in preterm infants with gestational age (GA), birth-weight (BW) and length of the baby. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive preterm, appropriate for GA, asymptomatic neonates with GA between 26 and 36 wk and BW between 1000 and 2700 g were examined during the ...
Herfel Tina M - - 2011
Oligosaccharides, the 3rd-most abundant component in human milk, are virtually absent from infant formulas and from the cow milk on which most are based. In breast-fed infants, human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) act as both receptor analogs, interfering with pathogen adhesion, and as prebiotics, stimulating the growth of certain commensal bacteria ...
Samuel T M - - 2012
To objectively measure rates of breast-feeding to infants born in a baby-friendly hospital in Bangalore, India, and to capture home-based compliance to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Breast-milk (BM) and non-breast-milk (NBM) water intake were assessed in 50 mother-infant pairs using a deuterium dilution technique at months 1, 3 and 6. Complementary ...
Chiavarini Manuela - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We examine the effects of mother's characteristics and socioeconomic condition on weight at birth and preterm delivery in an Italian region (Umbria). METHODS: The study concerns all live-born singleton infants in 2007 with at least a gestational age of 22 weeks. Information derived from the Standard Certificate of Live Birth ...
Gore C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Allergic disease has been associated with altered intestinal microbiota. Therefore, probiotics have been suggested as a potential treatment for eczema. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether dietary supplementation of infants with eczema at age 3-6 months with Lactobacillus paracasei CNCM I-2116 or Bifidobacterium lactis CNCM I-3446 had a treatment effect or altered ...
Sezer Rabia Gonul - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this report was to compare the efficacy of oral alendronate versus prednisolone treatment in addition to conventional measures in infants with Vitamin D intoxication. Methods:  In 6 infants (aged 8.0± 2.1 months) with Vitamin D intoxication, time to achieve normocalcemia with prednisolone treatment (Group I, n: ...
Dani Carlo - - 2011
ABSTRACT Objectives. Lutein and its isomer zeaxanthin (L/Z) function in the eye as antioxidant agents and blue-light filters. Our aim was to evaluate whether their administration could help decrease the occurrence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Methods. Infants with gestational age ⩽32 weeks were randomly assigned to ...
Caskey Melinda - - 2011
Objective:To determine the sound environment of preterm infants cared for in the NICU and to test the hypothesis that infants exposed to more adult language will make more vocalizations.Methods:This was a prospective cohort study of 36 infants who had a birth weight of ≤1250 g. Sixteen-hour recordings of the infant ...
Bright Melissa A - - 2011
Upon awakening from sleep, combined processes of deactivation of the hippocampus and activation of suprachiasmatic nucleus result in a marked increase in cortisol release from structures within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. This phenomenon, termed the cortisol awakening response (CAR), has been studied extensively in adults. In the current study, we examine ...
- - 2011
Despite a major decrease in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) since the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released its recommendation in 1992 that infants be placed for sleep in a nonprone position, this decline has plateaued in recent years. Concurrently, other causes of sudden unexpected infant death ...
- - 2011
Despite a major decrease in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) since the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released its recommendation in 1992 that infants be placed for sleep in a nonprone position, this decline has plateaued in recent years. Concurrently, other causes of sudden unexpected infant death ...
Geva Alon - - 2011
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization in NICUs increases the risk of nosocomial infection. Network analysis provides tools to examine the interactions among patients and staff members that put patients at risk of colonization. Data from MRSA surveillance cultures were combined with patient room locations, nursing assignments, and sibship information to ...
Ambalavanan Namasivayam - - 2011
Extremely low birth weight infants often require rehospitalization during infancy. Our objective was to identify at the time of discharge which extremely low birth weight infants are at higher risk for rehospitalization. Data from extremely low birth weight infants in Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human ...
Sood Vikrant - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the changing spectrum of ROP, and to compare the siblings of multiple gestations with regard to incidence and severity of ROP. METHODS: A prospective study was done among a total of 158 infants (including 19 twin pairs), selected for ROP screening as per American Academy of Pediatrics ...
Feldkamp Marcia L - - 2011
Cloacal exstrophy presents as a complex abdominal wall defect thought to result from a mesodermal abnormality. Anatomically, its main components are Omphalocele, bladder Exstrophy and Imperforate anus. Other associated malformations include renal malformations and Spine defects (OEIS complex). Historically, the prevalence ranges from 1 in 200,000 to 400,000 births, with ...
Tang Samantha - - 2011
This study compared the expression of BDNF (proBDNF and rhBDNF forms) and its receptor TrkB, in the medulla of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants and infants who died from known causes (non-SIDS). This study also evaluated these markers in association with SIDS clinical risk factors including, sleep position, cigarette ...
Essouri Sandrine - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the optimal level of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in infants with severe hypercapnic viral bronchiolitis as assessed by the maximal unloading of the respiratory muscles and improvement of breathing pattern and gas exchange. METHODS: A prospective physiological study in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit ...
Diesel Holly Johanna - - 2011
Purpose: This randomized control trial investigated the relationship between soothability, weight gain, and length of hospital stay in premature infants. Method: Forty-eight preterm infants were randomized into control group or flaxseed pillow treatment group. The pillow group received two 15-minute treatments per day. Treatment consisted of placing a flaxseed-filled pillow ...
van Kooij B J M - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:WM injury is associated with different disabilities that children born prematurely may experience during their lives. The aim of this study was to use TBSS to test the hypothesis that WM microstructure at TEA in preterm infants is correlated with cognitive and motor outcome at 2-year corrected age.MATERIALS ...
Heflick Nathan A - - 2011
Terror management theory (TMT) posits that people cope with mortality concerns via symbolic immortality (e.g., secular cultural beliefs that outlast death) and/or literal immortality (afterlife belief). However, what happens when these two forms of immortality conflict, as in atheism? Would atheists' mortality concerns be better assuaged by affirming an afterlife, ...
Swanson Amy E - - 2011
Subgaleal hemorrhage in the newborn is a serious adverse event often unrecognized and under-appreciated. This retrospective case series aimed to determine perinatal factors associated with subgaleal hemorrhage and subsequent neonatal outcomes. Obstetric and neonatal details of 21 infants with subgaleal hemorrhage over a 10 year period were collected. The mother ...
Kim Byung-Mi - - 2011
Birth weight is a strong determinant of attained weight at early ages. Until now, many studies have reported that low birth weight corresponds with high mercury levels. However, the relationship between mercury exposure and attained weight of infant has not been well studied. Therefore, the aim of the present study ...
Dickison Philippa - - 2011
  Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumor of infancy and have been estimated to occur in 4% of infants. Only two previous incidence studies of IH in a healthy population have been published, and both of these were performed in the first week of life. The objective was ...
Ceylan Abdullah - - 2011
In this case report the authors present an extremely low birth weight premature infant with neonatal brucellosis whose mother had been treated for brucellosis during pregnancy. Infant developed mild respiratory distress syndrome soon after birth. At 2nd wk of postnatal age findings of bronchopulmonary dysplasia were evident and she and ...
Mihatsch Walter A - - 2012
Probiotics have been suggested to prevent severe necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and decrease mortality in preterm infants. The aim of this paper was to systematically analyze the level of evidence (LoE) of published controlled randomized trials (RCTs) on probiotics in preterm infants. Literature searches were made up to November 2010. LoE ...
Lee Sang Yub - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonographically (US)-guided percutaneous cholecystocholangiography (PCC) for early diagnosis and characterization of biliary atresia in infants with cholestatic liver disease. Institutional review board approval was obtained for this study. Parental informed written consent was obtained. From October 2003 to August 2010, 22 infants (12 male, 10 ...
O'Shea T Michael - - 2012
To evaluate the hypothesis that elevated levels of inflammation-related proteins in early postnatal blood predict impaired mental and motor development in extremely preterm infants. We measured concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood collected on postnatal days 1, 7, and 14 from 939 infants born before 28 weeks gestation. An ...
Vanderpluym Christina - - 2011
ABSTRACT Background: Because neonatal herpes simplex virus (NHSV) infection is difficult to diagnose, there has been a move towards using more empiric acyclovir (ACV). Objective: The purpose of this study was to review the use of ACV to optimize future management of NHSV. Methods: Charts were reviewed for infants started ...
Toms Leisa-Maree L - - 2011
Triclosan is a chlorinated phenol ether that has been in widespread use as a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent for four decades. When compared to the limited international data available on human body burden of triclosan, results from a pooled blood study suggested that triclosan concentrations in Australia were a factor two ...
Rubio-Cabezas Oscar - - 2011
Rubio-Cabezas O, Flanagan SE, Damhuis A, Hattersley AT, Ellard S. K(ATP) channel mutations in infants with permanent diabetes diagnosed after 6 months of life. Background/Objective: Mutations in the K(ATP) channel genes are the commonest cause of permanent neonatal diabetes. Most patients obtain optimal glycemic control on sulfonylurea treatment. Genetic testing ...
Wyatt-Ashmead Josephine - - 2011
Abstract Antenatal closure of the ductus arteriosus was speculated, but rarely reported, as a cause of hydrops fetalis. The purpose of this prospective anatomic study was to find the incidence of antenatal closure of the ductus arteriosus and hydrops fetalis in a high-risk obstetric population and to find associated factors ...
Park Albert H - - 2011
Objective. To determine the type of hearing loss, incidence of the lost to follow-up rate, and the time to diagnose sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children with Down syndrome (DS) identified from a statewide database.Study Design. Case series with chart review.Setting. Pediatric referral center.Subjects and Methods. Three hundred forty-four patients ...
Huang Chi-Tai - - 2011
Previous work shows that infants manifest emulation learning in the use of end-state information. Outcome-based emulation has been interpreted as affordance learning or goal attribution. The present paper explores whether these two learning possibilities might be related. In 3 experiments, 17-month-old infants (N = 180) were presented with action outcomes ...
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