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Results 451 - 500 of 1894
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McGillivray Angela - - 2011
Hyperbilirubinaemia is common in the newborn period, and while the vast majority of babies are unaffected, significant neurological impairment remains a risk associated with extremely high levels of bilirubin. There is concern internationally that the number of babies affected by severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia may be increasing. This review describes the ...
Rozé Jean-Christophe - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety, tolerance and preventive effect on atopic dermatitis of an experimental α-lactalbumin-enriched and symbiotic-supplemented infant formula. A total of ninety-seven non-breastfed term neonates were enrolled into a double-blind, multicentre, randomised controlled trial in which they received experimental (n 48) or ...
Hou David - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, risk factors and developmental outcomes of cerebellar haemorrhage in the extremely preterm infant. Methods:  Over a 4-year period from January 2004, all patients with cerebellar haemorrhage born at 24-27 weeks gestation or with a birthweight < 1000 g were identified from ...
Karasik Lana B - - 2012
Carrying objects requires coordination of manual action and locomotion. This study investigated spontaneous carrying in 24 walkers who were 13 months old and 26 crawlers who were 13 months old during 1-hr, naturalistic observations in the infants' homes. Carrying was more common in walkers, but crawlers also carried objects. Typically, ...
Lew-Williams Casey - - 2012
Infants have been described as 'statistical learners' capable of extracting structure (such as words) from patterned input (such as language). Here, we investigated whether prior knowledge influences how infants track transitional probabilities in word segmentation tasks. Are infants biased by prior experience when engaging in sequential statistical learning? In a ...
Timoney Peter J - - 2011
A 32-week-gestation female was delivered emergently via caesarian section to a mother in premature labor due to placental abruption. On delivery, the neonate was noted to have sustained right upper and lower eyelid full-thickness lacerations extending from the medial canthal area with associated right upper and lower full-thickness canalicular lacerations. ...
Aggarwal Anjali - - 2011
PURPOSE: The caudal epidural space is a popular site for analgesia in pediatrics. High variation in blind needle placement is common during caudal epidurals, increasing the risk of intravascular and intrathecal spread. Knowledge of safe distances and angles for accessing the caudal epidural space in premature infants can improve the ...
Vrijheid Martine - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Gas cooking is a main source of indoor air pollutants, including nitrogen dioxide and particles. Because concerns are emerging for neurodevelopmental effects of air pollutants, we examined the relationship between indoor gas cooking during pregnancy and infant neurodevelopment. METHODS:: Pregnant mothers were recruited between 2004 and 2008 to a ...
Venancio Sonia Isoyama - - 2011
BackgroundThe Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) has been implemented by WHO and Unicef with a view to protect, promote and support breast feeding. This paper aims to assess the influence of the BFHI on breastfeeding indicators in Brazil, using data from the 2nd Survey of Breastfeeding Prevalence, conducted in 2008.MethodsData on ...
Yang Chang-Yo - - 2011
Although significant advances have been made in perinatal care, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains a serious complication in prematurely born individuals. There have been limited studies on ROP in Taiwan, and most of those existing reports are outdated. This retrospective study included 252 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants admitted to the neonatal ...
Lemyre Brigitte - - 2012
Objective. Most cases of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are sporadic, but outbreaks in hospital settings suggest an infectious cause. Our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experienced an outbreak of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). We aimed to assess whether the enhancement of infection prevention and control measures would be associated with a reduction ...
Christensen R D - - 2011
Objective:We hypothesized that neonates with bloody stools and concomitant eosinophilia are likely to have atopic enteropathy rather than necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).Study Design:This was a retrospective cross-sectional study using electronic medical records and paper charts. Records of neonates admitted to any Intermountain Healthcare NICU between 1 January 2005 and 30 June ...
Baroutis Georgios - - 2011
ABSTRACT Objective: Seasonality of preterm birth has been noted, although not conclusively studied. Weather is also thought to play a role. We sought preterm birth seasonality and additionally studied the effect of weather parameters in the preterm birth pattern. Methods: Vital statistics from the Hellenic Statistical Authority were retrieved, covering ...
Castagnini Luis A - - 2011
Background. Mothers often are the source of pertussis illness in young infants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend tetanus and diphtheria toxoids and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine for postpartum women before hospital discharge. In January 2008, this recommendation was implemented in a predominantly Hispanic, medically underserved population at Ben ...
Brouwer A J - - 2011
Background: Preterm infants with progressive post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) in the absence of associated parenchymal lesions may have a normal neurodevelopmental outcome. Objectives: To evaluate neurodevelopmental and cognitive outcomes among preterm infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and PHVD requiring neurosurgical intervention. Methods: 32 preterm infants were admitted to a ...
Schleiermacher G - - 2011
In neuroblastoma (NB), the presence of segmental chromosome alterations (SCAs) is associated with a higher risk of relapse. In order to analyse the role of SCAs in infants with localised unresectable/disseminated NB without MYCN amplification, we have performed an array CGH analysis of tumours from infants enrolled in the prospective ...
Engmann C C Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatric and Maternal Child Health, University of North Carolina Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7596, USA. - - 2012
Six million stillbirths (SB) and early neonatal deaths (END) occur annually worldwide, mostly in rural settings distant from health facilities. We used verbal autopsy (VA), to understand causes of non-hospital, community-based SB and END from four low-income countries. This prospective observational study utilized the train-the-trainer method. VA interviewers conducted standardized ...
Vennemann Mechtild M T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesised that inflammatory reactions could play an important role in the pathway(s) leading to sudden and unexpected death in infancy. On a molecular level, these reactions are regulated by various cytokines. METHODS: To characterise the role of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNFα more precisely, the concentrations of ...
Erickson Lance K - - 2011
Abstract These were male infants of a size consistent with the estimated gestational age of 31 weeks. The mother of the twins was a 27 year-old G4P3 woman with limited prenatal care who presented for cesarean delivery. Resuscitation efforts were initiated and continued until the infants became asystolic. Postmortem radiographs ...
van Jaarsveld Cornelia H M CH Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United - - 2011
Differences in appetitive traits such as food-cue or satiety responsiveness have been hypothesized to contribute to variability in weight gain. However, existing data were largely cross-sectional and could not exclude the possibility that differences in appetitive traits were consequences of differences in weight. We tested whether prospective associations between appetitive ...
Pan Calvin Q - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite immunoprophylaxis, mother to child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) still occurs in infants born to HB surface antigen (HBsAg)+ mothers. We analyzed methods of risk assessment and interventions for MTCT. METHOD: We reviewed 63 articles and abstracts published from 1975 to 2011 that were ...
Hammerman Cathy - - 2011
Standard pharmacologic closure of the patent ductus arteriosus currently involves the administration of 1 of 2 cyclooxygenase inhibitors: either indomethacin or ibuprofen. However, both of these drugs can be associated with potentially significant adverse effects. We present here the cases of 5 preterm infants (gestational age: 26-32 weeks; postnatal age: ...
Schmölzer Georg M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether using a respiratory function monitor (RFM) during mask resuscitation of preterm infants reduces face mask leak and improves tidal volume (V(T)). STUDY DESIGN: Infants receiving mask resuscitation were randomized to have the display of an RFM (airway pressure, flow, and V(T) waves) either visible or masked. ...
Matias Susana L - - 2012
The authors aimed to identify factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among 117 Peruvian mothers planning to breastfeed exclusively. Data were collected on days 0 and 3, and months 1, 3, and 6. Exclusive breastfeeding status was evaluated with a 24-hour recall of infant diet. Exclusive breastfeeding rates were 74%, ...
Saccani Raquel - - 2012
To compare Alberta Infant Motor Scale scores for Brazilian infants with the Canadian norm and to construct sex-specific reference curves and percentiles for motor development for a Brazilian population. This study recruited 795 children aged 0 to 18 months from a number of different towns in Brazil. Infants were assessed ...
Chrzanowska-Liszewska Danuta - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Intestinal flora of preterms, dominantly presents with decreased amounts of physiological microbiota. This double blinded randomized control trial compared the stool of bottle fed preterms, randomized to receive lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) 6x109or placebo with formula feeding. STUDY DESIGN: 46 enterally fed preterms were randomized to receive ...
Shore Paul M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To generate a preliminary bedside predictor of rapid time-to-death after withdrawal of support in children to help identify potential candidates for organ donation after circulatory death. DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review. SETTING:: Pediatric intensive care unit of an academic children's hospital. PATIENTS:: All deaths in the pediatric intensive care unit ...
Skiöld Béatrice - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between brain white matter abnormalities, including diffuse excessive high signal intensities, detected on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with neurodevelopmental outcome at age 30 months. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, population-based study of infants born at <27 weeks gestation (n=117) undergoing conventional MRI at term ...
Tallandini Maria A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and premature birth are stressful and difficult experiences for women. No research to date has examined the impact of ART on mother-child relationship in instances of preterm delivery. This study explored the psychological status of preterm infants' ART-mothers and the quality of mother-infant dyadic interaction, ...
Gunn David J - - 2011
Background:  To report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a subgroup of extremely premature infants admitted to an Australian tertiary centre over an 18 year period. Design:  Retrospective study. Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Participants:  554 infants admitted between 23 and 25.6 weeks GA. ...
Demirsoy U─čur - - 2011
Abstract Background: This study compared the rates of decrease in serum bilirubin levels in severely jaundiced healthy term infants given oral or intravenous fluid supplementation during phototherapy. Methods: A randomized controlled study was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit of Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children Hospital (Istanbul, Turkey) ...
Roka Aniko A Neonatal Unit, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, London, UK. - - 2012
Serum S100B and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels are elevated after perinatal asphyxia, but the influence of hypothermia on these proteins has not been previously reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of systemic hypothermia on these protein levels after perinatal asphyxia, time course, and association with ...
Golan Agneta - - 2011
Neonatal cerebral imaging is a sensitive technique for evaluating brain injury in the neonatal period. When performing computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, sedation is needed to prevent motion artifacts. However, general anesthesia in neonates carries significant risks and requires a complex logistic approach that often limits the use of ...
Kandawasvika Gwendoline Q - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this article is to document the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) among infants enrolled in a programme for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) in Zimbabwe using the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS). Method  We prospectively followed up infants at three primary ...
Holsti Liisa - - 2011
Managing acute procedural pain effectively in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit remains a significant problem. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of breastfeeding for reducing pain and to determine if breastfeeding skills were altered after this treatment. Fifty-seven infants born at 30-36weeks gestational ...
Schuenemann G M - - 2011
The objectives of this observational study were (1) to assess the time from the appearance of the amniotic sac (AS) or feet outside the vulva to birth in Holstein cows (primiparous and multiparous) with (dystocia) or without assistance (eutocia) at calving, and (2) to estimate reference times to be used ...
Basagaña Xavier - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Mortality has been shown to increase with extremely hot ambient temperatures. Details on the specific cause of mortality can be useful for improving preventive policies. Infants are often identified as a population that is vulnerable to extreme heat conditions; however, information on heat and infant mortality is scarce, with ...
Amin Sanjiv B - - 2011
Using guidelines of the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Group, we systematically reviewed the literature on neonatal jaundice (unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in term and preterm infants. Thirteen studies were included in a meta-analysis. Most used retrospective matched case-control designs. There was significant heterogeneity (Q = 31, p = 0.002) ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2011
Object Neonatal infection is the most common cause of infant hydrocephalus in Uganda. Postinfectious hydrocephalus (PIH) is often accompanied by primary brain injury from the original infection. Since 2001, ETV (with or without choroid plexus cauterization) has been our primary treatment for PIH. The long-term outcome in these children is ...
Nuysink Jacqueline - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An idiopathic asymmetry in posture of the head is recognized as a risk factor to develop a deformational plagiocephaly (DP). In our neonatal follow-up clinic, an IA is often observed in infants born preterm at term-equivalent age (TEA). AIMS: To explore (1) the prevalence of an idiopathic asymmetry in ...
Padovani Flávia Helena Pereira - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was: a) to describe the theme of verbalizations about breastfeeding in mothers' pre-term (M-PT) and full-term (M-FT) infants; b) to examine the association between these themes and mother's anxiety and depression indicators and socio-demographic characteristics and, neonatal characteristics of the infants. The sample consisted ...
Wu Tzee-Chung - - 2011
We investigated the differences in serum biochemistry levels between breast-fed and formula-fed infants. We provide reference values of serum biochemistry levels for 4-week-old (w/o) and 8 w/o infants for future clinical applications. Sixty healthy infants were enrolled in this study (30 infants were included in the breast-fed and formula-fed groups, respectively). ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2011
Evidence from the CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda (CCHU) suggests that treatment for hydrocephalus in infants can be effective and sustainable in a developing country. This model has not been broadly supported or implemented due in part to the absence of data on the economic burden of disease or any ...
Duran Melissa S - - 2011
This case study presents a maternal-infant dyad, both of whom bring risk factors to the breastfeeding relationship. The mother had true glandular hypoplasia that was not detected in the antenatal period or during her hospital stay. In addition, the infant was a late preterm infant, bringing the risks of poor ...
Kenosi M - - 2011
Fathers' knowledge base and attitudes influence breastfeeding practice. We aimed to evaluate if Irish fathers felt included in the breastfeeding education and decision process. 67 fathers completed questionnaires, which assessed their role in the decision to breastfeed, knowledge regarding the benefits of breastfeeding and attitude towards breastfeeding.Forty-two (62.7%) of their ...
Unterscheider J - - 2011
This retrospective cohort study examined 143/39,895 (0.36%) consecutive born-before-arrival (BBA) births. The incidence of BBA births doubled from 0.26% in 2005 to 0.5% in 2009. This increase was mainly attributed to the increase of non-Irish nationals and patients from low socioeconomic groups attending for antenatal care. Poor social background was ...
Torres Bárbara - - 2011
The quality of infant-mother attachment has been linked to competence in different domains of child development. Research indicates that early intervention can enhance the quality of infant-mother attachment, though its efficacy in a group format has yet to be evaluated. The current study is aimed at examining the usefulness of ...
van der Kooy Jacoba - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to compare the intrapartum and early neonatal mortality rate of planned home birth with planned hospital birth in community midwife-led deliveries after case mix adjustment. The perinatal outcome of 679,952 low-risk women was obtained from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (2000-2007). This group represents all ...
Jain Amish - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of targeted neonatal echocardiography (TnECHO) in predicting cardiorespiratory instability after patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation, and to evaluate the impact of TnECHO-directed care. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed serial echocardiography evaluations of 62 preterm infants after PDA ligation to investigate the relationship between indices of myocardial ...
Paquette Katryn - - 2011
Guidelines for the management of febrile infants aged 30 to 90 days presenting to the emergency department (ED) suggest that a lumbar puncture (LP) should be performed routinely if a positive urinalysis is found during initial investigations. The aim of our study was to assess the necessity of routine LPs ...
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