Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1869
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Chrzanowska-Liszewska Danuta - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Intestinal flora of preterms, dominantly presents with decreased amounts of physiological microbiota. This double blinded randomized control trial compared the stool of bottle fed preterms, randomized to receive lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) 6x109or placebo with formula feeding. STUDY DESIGN: 46 enterally fed preterms were randomized to receive ...
Shore Paul M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To generate a preliminary bedside predictor of rapid time-to-death after withdrawal of support in children to help identify potential candidates for organ donation after circulatory death. DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review. SETTING:: Pediatric intensive care unit of an academic children's hospital. PATIENTS:: All deaths in the pediatric intensive care unit ...
Skiöld Béatrice - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between brain white matter abnormalities, including diffuse excessive high signal intensities, detected on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with neurodevelopmental outcome at age 30 months. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, population-based study of infants born at <27 weeks gestation (n=117) undergoing conventional MRI at term ...
Tallandini Maria A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and premature birth are stressful and difficult experiences for women. No research to date has examined the impact of ART on mother-child relationship in instances of preterm delivery. This study explored the psychological status of preterm infants' ART-mothers and the quality of mother-infant dyadic interaction, ...
Gunn David J - - 2011
Background:  To report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a subgroup of extremely premature infants admitted to an Australian tertiary centre over an 18 year period. Design:  Retrospective study. Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Participants:  554 infants admitted between 23 and 25.6 weeks GA. ...
Demirsoy U─čur - - 2011
Abstract Background: This study compared the rates of decrease in serum bilirubin levels in severely jaundiced healthy term infants given oral or intravenous fluid supplementation during phototherapy. Methods: A randomized controlled study was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit of Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children Hospital (Istanbul, Turkey) ...
Roka Aniko A Neonatal Unit, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, London, UK. - - 2012
Serum S100B and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels are elevated after perinatal asphyxia, but the influence of hypothermia on these proteins has not been previously reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of systemic hypothermia on these protein levels after perinatal asphyxia, time course, and association with ...
Golan Agneta - - 2011
Neonatal cerebral imaging is a sensitive technique for evaluating brain injury in the neonatal period. When performing computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, sedation is needed to prevent motion artifacts. However, general anesthesia in neonates carries significant risks and requires a complex logistic approach that often limits the use of ...
Kandawasvika Gwendoline Q - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this article is to document the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) among infants enrolled in a programme for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) in Zimbabwe using the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener (BINS). Method  We prospectively followed up infants at three primary ...
Holsti Liisa - - 2011
Managing acute procedural pain effectively in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit remains a significant problem. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of breastfeeding for reducing pain and to determine if breastfeeding skills were altered after this treatment. Fifty-seven infants born at 30-36weeks gestational ...
Schuenemann G M - - 2011
The objectives of this observational study were (1) to assess the time from the appearance of the amniotic sac (AS) or feet outside the vulva to birth in Holstein cows (primiparous and multiparous) with (dystocia) or without assistance (eutocia) at calving, and (2) to estimate reference times to be used ...
Basagaña Xavier - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Mortality has been shown to increase with extremely hot ambient temperatures. Details on the specific cause of mortality can be useful for improving preventive policies. Infants are often identified as a population that is vulnerable to extreme heat conditions; however, information on heat and infant mortality is scarce, with ...
Amin Sanjiv B - - 2011
Using guidelines of the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Group, we systematically reviewed the literature on neonatal jaundice (unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in term and preterm infants. Thirteen studies were included in a meta-analysis. Most used retrospective matched case-control designs. There was significant heterogeneity (Q = 31, p = 0.002) ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2011
Object Neonatal infection is the most common cause of infant hydrocephalus in Uganda. Postinfectious hydrocephalus (PIH) is often accompanied by primary brain injury from the original infection. Since 2001, ETV (with or without choroid plexus cauterization) has been our primary treatment for PIH. The long-term outcome in these children is ...
Nuysink Jacqueline - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An idiopathic asymmetry in posture of the head is recognized as a risk factor to develop a deformational plagiocephaly (DP). In our neonatal follow-up clinic, an IA is often observed in infants born preterm at term-equivalent age (TEA). AIMS: To explore (1) the prevalence of an idiopathic asymmetry in ...
Padovani Flávia Helena Pereira - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was: a) to describe the theme of verbalizations about breastfeeding in mothers' pre-term (M-PT) and full-term (M-FT) infants; b) to examine the association between these themes and mother's anxiety and depression indicators and socio-demographic characteristics and, neonatal characteristics of the infants. The sample consisted ...
Wu Tzee-Chung - - 2011
We investigated the differences in serum biochemistry levels between breast-fed and formula-fed infants. We provide reference values of serum biochemistry levels for 4-week-old (w/o) and 8 w/o infants for future clinical applications. Sixty healthy infants were enrolled in this study (30 infants were included in the breast-fed and formula-fed groups, respectively). ...
Warf Benjamin C - - 2011
Evidence from the CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda (CCHU) suggests that treatment for hydrocephalus in infants can be effective and sustainable in a developing country. This model has not been broadly supported or implemented due in part to the absence of data on the economic burden of disease or any ...
Duran Melissa S - - 2011
This case study presents a maternal-infant dyad, both of whom bring risk factors to the breastfeeding relationship. The mother had true glandular hypoplasia that was not detected in the antenatal period or during her hospital stay. In addition, the infant was a late preterm infant, bringing the risks of poor ...
Kenosi M - - 2011
Fathers' knowledge base and attitudes influence breastfeeding practice. We aimed to evaluate if Irish fathers felt included in the breastfeeding education and decision process. 67 fathers completed questionnaires, which assessed their role in the decision to breastfeed, knowledge regarding the benefits of breastfeeding and attitude towards breastfeeding.Forty-two (62.7%) of their ...
Unterscheider J - - 2011
This retrospective cohort study examined 143/39,895 (0.36%) consecutive born-before-arrival (BBA) births. The incidence of BBA births doubled from 0.26% in 2005 to 0.5% in 2009. This increase was mainly attributed to the increase of non-Irish nationals and patients from low socioeconomic groups attending for antenatal care. Poor social background was ...
Torres Bárbara - - 2011
The quality of infant-mother attachment has been linked to competence in different domains of child development. Research indicates that early intervention can enhance the quality of infant-mother attachment, though its efficacy in a group format has yet to be evaluated. The current study is aimed at examining the usefulness of ...
van der Kooy Jacoba - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to compare the intrapartum and early neonatal mortality rate of planned home birth with planned hospital birth in community midwife-led deliveries after case mix adjustment. The perinatal outcome of 679,952 low-risk women was obtained from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (2000-2007). This group represents all ...
Jain Amish - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of targeted neonatal echocardiography (TnECHO) in predicting cardiorespiratory instability after patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation, and to evaluate the impact of TnECHO-directed care. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed serial echocardiography evaluations of 62 preterm infants after PDA ligation to investigate the relationship between indices of myocardial ...
Paquette Katryn - - 2011
Guidelines for the management of febrile infants aged 30 to 90 days presenting to the emergency department (ED) suggest that a lumbar puncture (LP) should be performed routinely if a positive urinalysis is found during initial investigations. The aim of our study was to assess the necessity of routine LPs ...
Aydemir Cumhur - - 2011
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In this study, we compared the global oxidant/antioxidant status by measuring total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) in preterm infants with NEC and with control preterms. Forty-one preterm neonates with NEC ...
Kaczmarek Jennifer - - 2011
Background  In ELBW infants, the addition of RH improves thermal stability, fluid and electrolyte balance. However, during routine care this micro-environment is frequently disturbed. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, magnitude and direction of fluctuations in relative humidity (RH) provided to ELBW infants. Methods  All infants ...
Casey Denise M - - 2011
Baby M was born limp, blue, and without respiratory effort at 38 weeks gestation to a 38-year-old, gravida 5, para 1, woman. Delivery was vaginal after a rapid progression of labor leaving no opportunity for a cesarean section. No other complications were noted during labor but a large surge at ...
Oliveira Nuno - - 2011
Nasal polyps are rare in children younger than 10 years. We describe the case of an infant girl who had undergone a traumatic intubation at birth that had resulted in nasal bleeding. At the age of 5 months, she was brought to us with an obstructive left nasal mass. Imaging ...
Hayashi Giselle - - 2011
To evaluate weight-adjusted strategy for levels of neonatal-17OHP in order to improve newborn screening (NBS) efficiency. Blood samples collected between 2-7 days of age from 67,640 newborns were evaluated. When N17OHP levels were > 20 ng/mL, and a second sample was requested. We retrospectively analyzed neonatal-17OHP levels measured by Auto ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2011
Objective: Aspects of neonatal care that are the subject of evolving guidelines include hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization; discharge follow-up recommendations; and prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal (GBS) disease. In 2007, a university hospital's standardized newborn nursery orders were changed to reflect current recommendations in these areas. The objective ...
Tonbul Alparslan - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate the normal range of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in term and preterm newborns dependent on gestational age. Material and methods: A total of 1,594 preterm and term neonates were admitted to our neonatology department. Infants were divided into two groups according to their gestational age. ...
Raut Pradeep - - 2011
Introduction: Infants with Down syndrome (DS) are at higher risk of hearing loss (HL). Normal hearing at one year of age plays an important part in language development. An audit was conducted to determine the impact of the newborn hearing screening program on the incidence, type and timing of diagnosis ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2012
To examine the predictive ability of stage of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) for death or moderate/severe disability at 18 months among neonates undergoing hypothermia. Stage of encephalopathy was evaluated at <6 hours of age, during study intervention, and at discharge among 204 participants in the National Institute of Child Health and ...
Gladstone Melissa - - 2011
Preterm birth is considered to be associated with an estimated 27% of neonatal deaths, the majority in resource-poor countries where rates of prematurity are high. There is no information on medium term outcomes after accurately determined preterm birth in such settings. This community-based stratified cohort study conducted between May-December 2006 ...
Dryden-Peterson Scott - - 2011
Few studies have compared the programmatic effectiveness of the recommended strategies of antenatal highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and zidovudine for prevention of mother-to-child transmission. We prospectively followed infants (93% formula fed) whose mothers who took either HAART (258 infants) or zidovudine (170 infants) during pregnancy in the Botswana national ...
Kangas Ashley - - 2011
Learning can be highly adaptive if associations learned in one context are generalized to novel contexts. We examined the development of such generalization in infancy in the context of grouping. In Experiment 1, 3- to 4-month-olds and 6- to 7-month-olds were habituated to shapes grouped via the organizational principle of ...
Al Hazzani Fahad F Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2011
Published data on short-term outcomes of very low birth weight infants from Saudi Arabia are limited. In the present study, our objective was to describe and analyze the outcomes of very low birth weight infants admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit and to compare the results with data published ...
Weston Emily J EJ Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. - - 2011
Sepsis in the first 3 days of life is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among infants. Group B Streptococcus (GBS), historically the primary cause of early-onset sepsis (EOS), has declined through widespread use of intrapartum chemoprophylaxis. We estimated the national burden of invasive EOS cases and deaths in ...
van der Eijk Anne Catherine - - 2011
Aim:  To quantify manual FiO(2) adjustments performed by caregivers in extremely low birth weight (ELBW; ≤1000 gram) infants, in relation to oxygen saturation (SpO(2) ), and bedside care. Methods:  In a single-centre study, FiO(2) , SpO(2) , and alarm limits of ELBW infants were collected for 3 days continuously, while ...
Durrmeyer Xavier - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death according to the condition leading to extremely preterm birth, preterm labor, or vascular disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of all premature births before 28 weeks of gestation in a single Level III institution. Mother/infants were attributed to the "preterm ...
Beccaria Elisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Observation of the quality of endogenously generated "General Movements" has been proved to be a reliable and sensitive tool in the assessment of fragile neonates. The absence of fidgety movements at 2-4months post-term is highly predictive of Cerebral Palsy. On the contrary, the presence of a poor repertoire pattern ...
Jadcherla Sudarshan R - - 2012
Feeding difficulties and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) are common problems in neonates. The authors hypothesize that GER could be influenced by feeding mechanics by evaluating the effects of feeding volumes, feeding durations, feeding flow rates, and caloric density on the chemical composition and clearance of GER in dysphagic neonates. Symptomatic dysphagic ...
Soong Wen-Jue - - 2011
Supplemental oxygen (O(2)) is mandatory during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) in infants, but there are limited studies that deal with the efficacy of different O(2) delivery methods. This study aims to compare the oxyhemoglobin saturation in infants during FB among three different O(2) delivery methods, as measured by pulse oximeter (SpO(2)). ...
Triffterer L - - 2012
The establishment of peripheral venous access in infants is the most common invasive technique in paediatric anaesthesia. Venous puncture can be challenging due to the small size of vessels in this patient population. The present study was designed to investigate the practicability of ultrasound-guided vascular access to the great saphenous ...
Chandra P Sarat - - 2011
A 4-week-old infant presented with hemifacial spasms noticed from the 4th day after delivery. These progressed in severity, with generalization every 3-4 h. On admission, the infant went into refractory status epilepticus and had to be electively ventilated and taken for surgery on a semi-emergency basis. MRI showed a fourth ...
Kotecha S - - 2012
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have significant mortality and long-term morbidity. Only 60-70% survive and usually those in high-volume centres. The current Task Force, therefore, has convened experts to evaluate the current literature and make recommendations on both the antenatal and post-natal management of CDH. The incidence of CDH ...
Pineda R G - - 2012
To explore differences in maternal factors, including visitation and holding, among premature infants cared for in single-patient rooms (SPR) compared with open-bay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A total of 81 premature infants were assigned to a bed space in either the open-bay area or in a SPR ...
de Bruïne Francisca T - - 2011
Purpose:To explore the association between diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI), punctate white matter (WM) lesions, and ventricular dilatation around term-equivalent age (TEA) and at clinical follow-up at 2 years in very preterm infants and the effect on neurodevelopment.Materials and Methods:Ethical approval for this prospective study was given by the ...
Simons Julie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between intraoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and neurodevelopmental outcome in children after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Cross-sectional neurodevelopmental evaluation at 2 years of age was performed in a cohort of young infants who had surgery for congenital heart disease in ...
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