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Na Ji Ung JU Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Emergency Medicine, Graduate School, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, - - 2014
The two-thumb encircling (TTE) technique often results in suboptimal cardiac compression and does not meet the requirements of current resuscitation guidelines. We compared this technique with the vertical two-thumb (VTT) technique, our novel modification of the TTE technique. This was a prospective randomised crossover simulation study of out-of-hospital infant cardiopulmonary ...
Torowicz Deborah L DL 1 The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , Philadelphia, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Although human milk (HM) is the recommended form of infant nutrition, the provision of HM feeding among infants with congenital heart disease in the cardiac intensive care unit is unknown. Therefore the aim of the study was to understand the prevalence of pumping initiation, HM feeding, and breastfeeding ...
Su Felice F Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Etomidate is a rapid-onset, short-acting hypnotic medication administered for induction of anesthesia. It is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in older children and adults. Pharmacokinetic data to help guide dosing in neonates and infants is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Spearman Andrew D - - 2014
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common arrhythmia in the pediatric population. Despite its commonality, presentation of SVT can be nonspecific and varies based upon age with infants demonstrating fussiness or irritability and older children reporting vague perceptions of tachycardia or palpitations. Furthermore, SVT may manifest as self-limited paroxysms or ...
Kim Min-A MA 0000-0002-6199-2010 Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Institute of Women's Medical Life Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Congenital heart defect (CHD) is common in infants with Down syndrome (DS), which is the principle cause of mortality. However, there is no data available for the frequency and types of CHD in infants with DS in Korea. We investigated the frequency of CHD in infants with DS in Korea. ...
Nielsen Ditte E S DE Center of Fetal Medicine and Pregnancy, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, - - 2014
The prenatal detection rate of congenital heart disease (CHD) is low compared to other fetal malformations. Our aim was to evaluate the prenatal detection of CHD in Eastern Denmark. Fetuses and infants diagnosed with CHD in the period 01.01.2008-31.12.2010 were assessed regarding prenatal detection rate and accuracy, as well as ...
Rosner Elizabeth E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital of Michigan/Wayne State University, Detroit, - - 2014
Previous reports have demonstrated that prior cardiac surgery is independently associated with in-hospital mortality after infant tracheostomy. We aimed to determine whether these infants would continue to be at increased risk for death following hospital discharge. A retrospective review was performed on subjects < 2 y of age who recovered ...
Harrison Tondi M TM Tondi M. Harrison, PhD, RN, CPNP Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Susan Ludington-Hoe, PhD, CNM, FAAN Carl W. and Margaret Davis Walter Professor of Pediatric Nursing, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2014
Infants with complex congenital heart disease requiring surgical intervention within the first days or weeks of life may be the most seriously ill infants needing intensive nursing and medical care. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is well accepted and practiced as a positive therapeutic intervention in premature infants but is not routinely ...
Konstantelos Dimitrios - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To determine how often infants are suctioned during delivery and how it affects the neonate. Methods: Single-center analysis of video-recorded delivery room management after c-section from January 2012 until April 2013. Time point, duration, and frequency of suctioning in term and preterm newborns were analyzed along with vital ...
Gouttebarge V V World Footballers' Union (FIFPro) Hoofddorp, The Netherlands - - - 2014
The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of mortalities from 2007 to 2013 in active (during career) and recently retired (post career) professional footballers. An observational prospective study was conducted. From 2007, the World Footballers' Union (FIFPro) and its related national footballers' unions (more than 70 countries ...
Johnson Lise C LC Department of Pediatric Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; - - 2014
Delayed diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in neonates increases morbidity and mortality. The use of pulse oximetry screening is recommended to increase detection of these conditions. The contribution of pulse oximetry in a tertiary-care birthing center may be different from at other sites. We analyzed CCHD pulse oximetry ...
Costa Melinda A MA Indianapolis, Ind. From the Division of Plastic Surgery and the Department of Pediatrics, Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of - - 2014
The authors report the cause of and risk factors for mortality in infants with Robin sequence and identify characteristics associated with quality-of-life outcomes. The authors performed an 11-year retrospective review of all infants with Robin sequence treated at a neonatal intensive care unit. Patient characteristics were correlated to mortality and ...
Oakley Jl J Royal Gwent Hospital, Cardiff Road, Newport, Wales, NP20 2UB, United - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of pulse-oximetry as a screening tool in the detection of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborns. Methods: Post-natal babies born between 01/01/2007-31/12/2009 were eligible. Post-ductal pulse-oximetry was performed using Nellcor® NPB 40 pulse oximeter with reusable OXI-A/N saturation probe. Saturations ≥95% ...
Prguda Emina E Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Empathy is facilitated by the perceived similarity between the object and subject. Conversely, nurturance has been suggested to influence empathy, in that humans have an ability to empathise with non-kin in a similar way as with their own offspring when certain characteristics (e.g., childlikeness) are present. To examine the combined ...
Sanders Alison P - - 2014
Toxic metals including arsenic, cadmium, manganese, and lead are known human developmental toxicants that are able to cross the placental barrier from mother to fetus. In this population-based study, we assess the association between metal concentrations in private well water and birth defect prevalence in North Carolina. A semi-ecologic study ...
Cantwell-Bartl Annie M AM Paediatric Intensive Care Unit,Royal Children's - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the psychosocial status of mothers and fathers in response to their infant's diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Design: A study on interviews with parents whose children had survived staged surgery. Setting: Tertiary hospital paediatric ICU. Subjects: A total of 29 parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) ...
Kucik James E JE James E. Kucik and Owen Devine are with the Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. Wendy N. Nembhard is with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa. Pamela Donohue is with the Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Ying Wang is with the Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, Center for Environmental Health, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY. Cynthia S. Minkovitz is with the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, and Thomas Burke is with the Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the association between survival of infants with severe congenital heart defects (CHDs) and community-level indicators of socioeconomic status. Methods. We identified infants born to residents of Arizona, New Jersey, New York, and Texas between 1999 and 2007 with selected CHDs from 4 population-based, statewide birth defect surveillance ...
Bonnin Aurore A Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique et Médecine de la Reproduction, Hôpital Antoine Béclère, AP-HP, Université Paris Sud, Clamart, - - 2014
Fetal hydrops and myocarditis were diagnosed in a woman at 32 weeks of gestation (WG). Transplacental enterovirus infection was suspected because all other causes of myocarditis and hydrops were excluded, it was during an endemic period, and there was a setting of maternal infection (fever a few days before). We ...
Rand Katherine K Department of Pediatric & Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
The preferential response to mother's voice in the fetus and term newborn is well documented. However, the response of preterm neonates is not well understood and more difficult to interpret due to the intensive clinical care and range of medical complications. This study examined the physiological response to maternal sounds ...
Graham Ernest M EM Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, the Neuroscience Intensive Care Nursery Program, the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, the Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, the Department of Neurology, and the Integrated Research Center for Fetal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
To estimate the diagnostic accuracy of electronic fetal heart rate abnormalities in the identification of neonates with encephalopathy treated with whole-body hypothermia. Between January 1, 2007, and July 1, 2013, there were 39 neonates born at two hospitals within our system treated with whole-body hypothermia within 6 hours of birth. ...
Loftus Patrick D PD Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Flail tricuspid valve in the neonate is a rare and often fatal condition requiring early diagnosis and intervention. We report 3 infants born without antenatal signs of cardiovascular compromise. Severe hypoxemia developed within hours of birth due to disruption of the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve. Each patient was ...
Chen Qiang Q Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (QC, HC, Y-nH), Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350001, P.R. - - 2014
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common complication in infants who undergo cardiac surgery in the intensive care unit. We report on a modified drainage catheter used in peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of ARF associated with cardiac surgery in infants.Thirty-nine infants with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery ...
Dadlez Nina M NM Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical - - 2014
Because of data published in 2009 demonstrating improved outcomes among early- vs. late-term infants,practice shifted toward delivering infants at later gestational ages. We examined the effects of this change on neonates with congenital heart disease. This was a retrospective cohort study. Neonates with congenital heart disease born between 2004 and ...
Petrossian Robert A RA 1Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center,Georgetown University,Washington,District of Columbia,United States of - - 2014
Introduction: A known comorbidity of congenital cardiovascular malformations is low birth weight, but the reasons for this association remain obscure. This retrospective study examines the relationship between congenital cardiovascular malformations and the birth weight of singletons, taking into account differences in gestational age and other factors. Methods: Using data from ...
Sirc J J Department of Paediatric and Newborn Medicine, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague, Czech Republic; Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Few studies have focused on cardiac ventricular diastolic function in preterm neonates in the immediate postnatal period. This study evaluated Doppler-derived parameters of diastolic ventricular function in infants with birth weights of less than 1,250 grams during the transitional period. This was a prospective observational study conducted in the Coombe ...
Abbasoğlu Aslıhan - - 2014
Abstract Neonatal thyrotoxicosis is a rare condition caused by the transplacental passage of thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins from mothers with Graves' disease. We report a case of neonatal thyrotoxicosis with concurrent supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). The female infant, who was born by section due to breech delivery and meconium in the amniotic ...
Chen Wei - - 2014
Premature infants are subject to numerous interventions ranging from a simple diaper change to surgery while residing in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). These neonates often suffer from pain, distress and discomfort during the first weeks of their lives. Although pharmacological pain treatment often is available, it cannot always be ...
Miller Jennifer L JL Department of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology, 3105 S. Dearborn Street, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Recently, there has been a growing interest in understanding the mechanisms underlying vocal learning in songbirds and human infants. Research has demonstrated how contingent social feedback from social partners to immature vocalizations can play a role during vocal learning in both brown-headed cowbirds and prelinguistic infants. Contingencies in social interactions, ...
Ito M M Division of Neonatology, Center for Maternal-Neonatal Care, Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2014
The use of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) to assess brain function and detect seizures has been increasing worldwide. Results from previous studies have demonstrated that seizure patterns can be recognized as transient rises on aEEG traces. We report here a case of an infant with neonatal seizures that showed paradoxical transient ...
Broadhouse Kathryn M - - 2014
Many pathologies seen in the preterm population are associated with abnormal blood supply, yet robust evaluation of preterm cardiac function is scarce and consequently normative ranges in this population are limited. The aim of this study was to quantify and validate left ventricular dimension and function in preterm infants using ...
Akin Mustafa Ali MA Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Kayseri, - - 2014
Abstract Background Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an acute phase reactant which has been used to detect intra-amniotic infections (IAI) in pregnancy, but the prognostic value of PTX3 concentrations on neonates has not been studied. We aimed to investigate the relationship between maternal-neonatal PTX3 concentrations and early neonatal outcome. Methods The ...
Chase H Peter HP Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from the inflammatory destruction of pancreatic β-cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on stimulated inflammatory cytokine production in white blood cells (WBC) from infants with a high genetic risk for T1D. This was a multicenter, two-arm, randomized, double-blind ...
Kozuki Naoko N Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our study seeks to elucidate risk factors for and mortality consequences of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth in rural Nepal. In contrast with previous literature, we distinguish the epidemiology of SGA and preterm from each other. Methods: We analyzed data from a maternal micronutrient supplementation trial in rural ...
Lakshmanan Ashwini A Children's Hospital Los Angeles, CA, USA - - 2014
Objectives. The objectives of this article were (a) to describe prevalence of Internet and email access among parents of preterm infants attending high-risk follow-up, (b) to describe parent preference for completing developmental questionnaires online versus on paper, and (c) to examine predictors of access and preference. Design/Methods. We surveyed 270 ...
Germani Tamara T Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, - - 2014
This study assessed sensory processing differences between 24-month infants at high-risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), each with an older sibling with ASD, and low-risk infants with no family history of ASD. Sensory processing differences were assessed using the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile, a parent-reported measure. Groups were compared based on ...
Olivares M M Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IATA-CSIC), Valencia, - - 2014
Intestinal dysbiosis has been associated with coeliac disease (CD), but whether the alterations are cause or consequence of the disease is unknown. This study investigated whether the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ2 genotype is an independent factor influencing the early gut microbiota composition of healthy infants at family risk of CD. ...
Haberer Kim K Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba, Winnepeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
A male infant was born to a 38-year-old G1P0 mother with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Fetal echocardiography was suspicious for HCM; however, postnatal echocardiography demonstrated features consistent with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). The infant was initially stable but presented at 2 months of age in cardiogenic shock. On genetic analysis, both ...
Ma Yi Y Department of Child Health Care, National Center for Women and Children's Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
To determine the causes of death among infants in high-mortality areas of western China with the use of globally recognized methods. A survey of all infant deaths identified over 1 year in 4 counties in Yunnan and Xinjiang in which combined verbal autopsy was combined with a physician's diagnosis of the ...
Abrams Steven A SA US Department of Agriculture/Agriculture Research Service, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, #7074, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Micronutrient requirements are well-established for healthy full-term infants. However, few such recommendations exist for high-risk infants, including full-term infants with a variety of medical disorders or very preterm infants. Key micronutrients considered in this review are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, and zinc. The ongoing unresolved shortages, especially of intravenous forms ...
Sahindokuyucu Kocasari Fatma F Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mehmet Akif Ersoy, 15030, Burdur, Turkey, - - 2014
Aflatoxins are toxic fungal metabolites found in foods and feeds. Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), a metabolite of the potent carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), occurs in milk from animals consuming feed contaminated with AFB1. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and levels of AFM1 in ultra-high temperature (UHT) ...
Shetty S S Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC & Asthma, UK; Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, United - - 2014
A literature review was carried out following concerns about the use of heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannulae (HHFNC) in premature infants. Randomised trials following extubation showed that HHFNC was associated with similar or greater reintubation rates than nasal continuous positive airway pressure, but significantly better nasal trauma scores. Infections with ...
Clearfield Melissa W MW Whitman College, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study directly compared diurnal salivary cortisol output and maternal-infant synchrony in low and high socio-economic status (SES) mother-infant dyads. Saliva cortisol samples were collected from 32 6-12-month-old infants and their mothers on the same day in the morning, afternoon and evening, and assayed for free cortisol concentration. Low-SES ...
McDonald Jill A JA College of Health and Social Services, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, 88003, USA, - - 2014
Cesarean birth (CB) is more prevalent in the US-Mexico border region than among all US Hispanics. Comparable data from US and Mexican birth certificates can be used to compare prevalence and identify risk factors on either side of the border. Using 2009 US and Mexican birth certificates, we compared the ...
Chu Stephanie S Weill Cornell Medical College, New York City, - - 2014
Statements by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that only low-risk mothers consider a home birth. The goal of this study was to conduct a comparison of risk profiles for planned home births compared with hospital births. This study analyzed births from ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik OD Department of Pediatric Research, Division of Women and Children's Health, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet and University of Oslo, - - 2014
The optimal initial fraction of oxygen (iFiO2 ) for resuscitating/stabilising premature infants is not known. We aimed to study currently available information and provide guidelines regarding the iFiO2 levels needed to resuscitate/stabilise premature infants of ≤ 32 weeks' gestation. Our systematic review and meta-analysis studied the effects of low and ...
Kesebir Pelin P University of - - 2014
Five studies tested the hypothesis that a quiet ego, as exemplified by humility, would buffer death anxiety. Humility is characterized by a willingness to accept the self and life without comforting illusions, and by low levels of self-focus. As a consequence, it was expected to render mortality thoughts less threatening ...
Martinez-Torteya Cecilia C DePaul - - 2014
Early biobehavioral regulation, a major influence of later adaptation, develops through dyadic interactions with caregivers. Thus, identification of maternal characteristics that can ameliorate or exacerbate infants' innate vulnerabilities is key for infant well-being and long-term healthy development. The present study evaluated the influence of maternal parenting, postpartum psychopathology, history of ...
Marie Céline C Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Previous research suggests that when two streams of pitched tones are presented simultaneously, adults process each stream in a separate memory trace, as reflected by Mismatch Negativity (MMN), a component of the Event-Related Potential (ERP). Furthermore, a superior encoding of the higher tone or voice in polyphonic sounds has been ...
Morisaki N N Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Paediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
To evaluate how the effect of maternal complications on preterm birth varies between spontaneous and provider-initiated births, as well as among different countries. Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. Twenty-nine countries participating in the World Health Organization Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health. 299 878 singleton deliveries of live neonates ...
Thomas Melanie M UCSF Department of - - 2014
We examined the influence of race/ethnicity on appointment attendance, maternal psychiatric and medical diagnoses, and birth outcomes within a diverse, low income, high risk pregnant population to determine whether birth outcome disparities would be lessened in a sample with high biopsychosocial risk across all groups. Data were retrospectively obtained on ...
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