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Graham Ernest M EM Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, the Neuroscience Intensive Care Nursery Program, the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, the Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, the Department of Neurology, and the Integrated Research Center for Fetal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
To estimate the diagnostic accuracy of electronic fetal heart rate abnormalities in the identification of neonates with encephalopathy treated with whole-body hypothermia. Between January 1, 2007, and July 1, 2013, there were 39 neonates born at two hospitals within our system treated with whole-body hypothermia within 6 hours of birth. ...
Petrossian Robert A RA 1Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center,Georgetown University,Washington,District of Columbia,United States of - - 2014
Introduction: A known comorbidity of congenital cardiovascular malformations is low birth weight, but the reasons for this association remain obscure. This retrospective study examines the relationship between congenital cardiovascular malformations and the birth weight of singletons, taking into account differences in gestational age and other factors. Methods: Using data from ...
Sirc J J Department of Paediatric and Newborn Medicine, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague, Czech Republic; Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Few studies have focused on cardiac ventricular diastolic function in preterm neonates in the immediate postnatal period. This study evaluated Doppler-derived parameters of diastolic ventricular function in infants with birth weights of less than 1,250 grams during the transitional period. This was a prospective observational study conducted in the Coombe ...
Abbasoğlu Aslıhan - - 2014
Abstract Neonatal thyrotoxicosis is a rare condition caused by the transplacental passage of thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins from mothers with Graves' disease. We report a case of neonatal thyrotoxicosis with concurrent supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). The female infant, who was born by section due to breech delivery and meconium in the amniotic ...
Chen Wei - - 2014
Premature infants are subject to numerous interventions ranging from a simple diaper change to surgery while residing in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). These neonates often suffer from pain, distress and discomfort during the first weeks of their lives. Although pharmacological pain treatment often is available, it cannot always be ...
Miller Jennifer L JL Department of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology, 3105 S. Dearborn Street, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Recently, there has been a growing interest in understanding the mechanisms underlying vocal learning in songbirds and human infants. Research has demonstrated how contingent social feedback from social partners to immature vocalizations can play a role during vocal learning in both brown-headed cowbirds and prelinguistic infants. Contingencies in social interactions, ...
Ito M M Division of Neonatology, Center for Maternal-Neonatal Care, Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2014
The use of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) to assess brain function and detect seizures has been increasing worldwide. Results from previous studies have demonstrated that seizure patterns can be recognized as transient rises on aEEG traces. We report here a case of an infant with neonatal seizures that showed paradoxical transient ...
- - 2014
Premature newborns are more than one third less likely to die if they are admitted to high volume neonatal units at the hospital of birth rather than low volume units, a UK study suggests.
Broadhouse Kathryn M - - 2014
Many pathologies seen in the preterm population are associated with abnormal blood supply, yet robust evaluation of preterm cardiac function is scarce and consequently normative ranges in this population are limited. The aim of this study was to quantify and validate left ventricular dimension and function in preterm infants using ...
Akin Mustafa Ali MA Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Kayseri, - - 2014
Abstract Background Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an acute phase reactant which has been used to detect intra-amniotic infections (IAI) in pregnancy, but the prognostic value of PTX3 concentrations on neonates has not been studied. We aimed to investigate the relationship between maternal-neonatal PTX3 concentrations and early neonatal outcome. Methods The ...
Chase H Peter HP Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from the inflammatory destruction of pancreatic β-cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on stimulated inflammatory cytokine production in white blood cells (WBC) from infants with a high genetic risk for T1D. This was a multicenter, two-arm, randomized, double-blind ...
Kozuki Naoko N Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Our study seeks to elucidate risk factors for and mortality consequences of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth in rural Nepal. In contrast with previous literature, we distinguish the epidemiology of SGA and preterm from each other. Methods: We analyzed data from a maternal micronutrient supplementation trial in rural ...
Lakshmanan Ashwini A Children's Hospital Los Angeles, CA, USA - - 2014
Objectives. The objectives of this article were (a) to describe prevalence of Internet and email access among parents of preterm infants attending high-risk follow-up, (b) to describe parent preference for completing developmental questionnaires online versus on paper, and (c) to examine predictors of access and preference. Design/Methods. We surveyed 270 ...
Germani Tamara T Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, - - 2014
This study assessed sensory processing differences between 24-month infants at high-risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), each with an older sibling with ASD, and low-risk infants with no family history of ASD. Sensory processing differences were assessed using the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile, a parent-reported measure. Groups were compared based on ...
Olivares M M Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IATA-CSIC), Valencia, - - 2014
Intestinal dysbiosis has been associated with coeliac disease (CD), but whether the alterations are cause or consequence of the disease is unknown. This study investigated whether the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ2 genotype is an independent factor influencing the early gut microbiota composition of healthy infants at family risk of CD. ...
Ma Yi Y Department of Child Health Care, National Center for Women and Children's Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
To determine the causes of death among infants in high-mortality areas of western China with the use of globally recognized methods. A survey of all infant deaths identified over 1 year in 4 counties in Yunnan and Xinjiang in which combined verbal autopsy was combined with a physician's diagnosis of the ...
Abrams Steven A SA US Department of Agriculture/Agriculture Research Service, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, #7074, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Micronutrient requirements are well-established for healthy full-term infants. However, few such recommendations exist for high-risk infants, including full-term infants with a variety of medical disorders or very preterm infants. Key micronutrients considered in this review are calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, and zinc. The ongoing unresolved shortages, especially of intravenous forms ...
Elliott F F Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, - - 2014
Certain patient groups are deemed as 'high-risk' of developing severe and fatal RSV infection including premature infants with CLD and CHD. Palivizumab has been reported to be safe and effective in reducing RSV bronchiolitis hospitalisation and reducing serious complications among 'high-risk' children. To audit the local palivizumab usage practice in ...
Sahindokuyucu Kocasari Fatma F Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mehmet Akif Ersoy, 15030, Burdur, Turkey, - - 2014
Aflatoxins are toxic fungal metabolites found in foods and feeds. Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), a metabolite of the potent carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), occurs in milk from animals consuming feed contaminated with AFB1. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and levels of AFM1 in ultra-high temperature (UHT) ...
Shetty S S Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC & Asthma, UK; Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, United - - 2014
A literature review was carried out following concerns about the use of heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannulae (HHFNC) in premature infants. Randomised trials following extubation showed that HHFNC was associated with similar or greater reintubation rates than nasal continuous positive airway pressure, but significantly better nasal trauma scores. Infections with ...
Clearfield Melissa W MW Whitman College, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study directly compared diurnal salivary cortisol output and maternal-infant synchrony in low and high socio-economic status (SES) mother-infant dyads. Saliva cortisol samples were collected from 32 6-12-month-old infants and their mothers on the same day in the morning, afternoon and evening, and assayed for free cortisol concentration. Low-SES ...
McDonald Jill A JA College of Health and Social Services, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, 88003, USA, - - 2014
Cesarean birth (CB) is more prevalent in the US-Mexico border region than among all US Hispanics. Comparable data from US and Mexican birth certificates can be used to compare prevalence and identify risk factors on either side of the border. Using 2009 US and Mexican birth certificates, we compared the ...
Chu Stephanie S Weill Cornell Medical College, New York City, - - 2014
Statements by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that only low-risk mothers consider a home birth. The goal of this study was to conduct a comparison of risk profiles for planned home births compared with hospital births. This study analyzed births from ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik OD Department of Pediatric Research, Division of Women and Children's Health, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet and University of Oslo, - - 2014
The optimal initial fraction of oxygen (iFiO2 ) for resuscitating/stabilising premature infants is not known. We aimed to study currently available information and provide guidelines regarding the iFiO2 levels needed to resuscitate/stabilise premature infants of ≤ 32 weeks' gestation. Our systematic review and meta-analysis studied the effects of low and ...
Kesebir Pelin P University of - - 2014
Five studies tested the hypothesis that a quiet ego, as exemplified by humility, would buffer death anxiety. Humility is characterized by a willingness to accept the self and life without comforting illusions, and by low levels of self-focus. As a consequence, it was expected to render mortality thoughts less threatening ...
Martinez-Torteya Cecilia C DePaul - - 2014
Early biobehavioral regulation, a major influence of later adaptation, develops through dyadic interactions with caregivers. Thus, identification of maternal characteristics that can ameliorate or exacerbate infants' innate vulnerabilities is key for infant well-being and long-term healthy development. The present study evaluated the influence of maternal parenting, postpartum psychopathology, history of ...
Marie Céline C Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Previous research suggests that when two streams of pitched tones are presented simultaneously, adults process each stream in a separate memory trace, as reflected by Mismatch Negativity (MMN), a component of the Event-Related Potential (ERP). Furthermore, a superior encoding of the higher tone or voice in polyphonic sounds has been ...
Morisaki N N Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Paediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
To evaluate how the effect of maternal complications on preterm birth varies between spontaneous and provider-initiated births, as well as among different countries. Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. Twenty-nine countries participating in the World Health Organization Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health. 299 878 singleton deliveries of live neonates ...
Thomas Melanie M UCSF Department of - - 2014
We examined the influence of race/ethnicity on appointment attendance, maternal psychiatric and medical diagnoses, and birth outcomes within a diverse, low income, high risk pregnant population to determine whether birth outcome disparities would be lessened in a sample with high biopsychosocial risk across all groups. Data were retrospectively obtained on ...
Tsai Andy A Department of Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model ...
Bailey Dana D Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Pediatric Laboratory Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Canada; Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Poor vitamin D status (i.e. low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)) has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes during pregnancy and childhood. However, the interpretation of serum 25(OH)D levels may be complicated by the presence of the C3-epimer of 25(OH)D. We aimed to quantify C3-epi-25(OH)D3 in pregnant women and fetuses, to ...
Dobkins Karen R KR Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2014
To investigate the mechanisms underlying development of upright face preferences in infants, the current study measured inversion effects for faces that were spatial frequency (SF) filtered, into low SF and high SF, with the notion that different SFs are analyzed by different visual mechanisms. For comparison to faces, we used ...
Lewis J D JD Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder defined by behavioral symptoms that emerge during the first years of life. Associated with these symptoms are differences in the structure of a wide array of brain regions, and in the connectivity between these regions. However, the use of cohorts with large ...
Tall Ben D - - 2014
The recognition of Cronobacter as a public health concern was raised when powdered infant formula (PIF) was linked to several neonatal meningitis outbreaks. It is an opportunistic pathogen that causes necrotising enterocolitis, infantile septicaemia, and meningitis which carries a high mortality rate among neonates. It has been also linked with ...
Resch Bernhard B Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Graz, Austria; Research Unit for Neonatal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, - - 2014
Morbidity due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease is still high in infants and children worldwide during the first two to five years of life. Certain categories of high-risk infants with increased morbidity and mortality attributed to RSV disease have been identified and are included in national recommendations for prophylaxis ...
Jones Emily J H EJ Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and the presence of restrictive and repetitive behaviors. Symptoms of ASD likely emerge from a complex interaction between pre-existing neurodevelopmental vulnerabilities and the child's environment, modified by compensatory skills and protective factors. Prospective studies of ...
Kihal-Talantikite Wahida - - 2013
Few studies have explored how noise might contribute to social health inequalities, and even fewer have considered infant mortality or its risk factors as the health event of interest.In this paper, we investigate the impact of neighbourhood characteristics - both socio-economic status and ambient noise levels - on the spatial ...
Gangi Devon N - - 2013
Infants at risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may have difficulty integrating smiles into initiating joint attention (IJA) bids. A specific IJA pattern, anticipatory smiling, may communicate preexisting positive affect when an infant smiles at an object and then turns the smile toward the social partner. We compared the development ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that neural conduction in the auditory brainstem is impaired in high-risk very preterm infants. Eighty-two very preterm infants (gestation 28-32weeks) with various perinatal problems or complications were studied at term using maximum length sequence (MLS) brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) with click rates 91-910/s. The data ...
Fung Timothy H M - - 2013
IMPORTANCE We report for the first time, to our knowledge, the acquisition of noncontact ultra-wide-field oral fluorescein angiograms in premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity. OBSERVATIONS High-resolution oral fluorescein angiograms were successfully obtained in 3 consecutive premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity at the Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, England, using ...
Kuzniewicz Michael W - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) across gestational age, examine the risk of ASD by gestational age controlling for other risk factors, and identify potential risk factors in the neonatal intensive care unit. A retrospective cohort of infants born at ≥24 weeks between January 1, 2000, and ...
Luyster Rhiannon J - - 2013
Few studies employing event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine infant perception/cognition have systematically characterized age-related changes over the first few years of life. Establishing a 'normative' template of development is important in its own right, and doing so may also better highlight points of divergence for high-risk populations of infants, such ...
Parikh Nehal A - - 2013
Cognitive and language impairments constitute the majority of disabilities observed in preterm infants. It remains unclear if diffuse excessive high signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging at term represents delayed white matter maturation or pathology. We hypothesized that diffusion tensor imaging-based objectively quantified diffuse excessive high signal intensity measures at ...
Winsper Catherine - - 2013
Infant and toddler regulatory problems (RPs) including crying, sleeping and feeding, are a frequent concern for parents and have been associated with negative behavioral outcomes in early and middle childhood. Uncertain is whether infant and toddler RPs predict stable, trait-like dysregulated behavior across childhood. We addressed this gap in the ...
Leezenbaum Nina B - - 2013
This study investigates mothers' responses to infant communication among infants at heightened genetic risk (high risk) of autism spectrum disorder compared to infants with no such risk (low risk). A total of 26 infants, 12 of whom had an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder, were observed during naturalistic in-home ...
Rocha Gustavo - - 2013
A retrospective chart review of 18 nonvaccinated newborns and infants admitted to 6 intensive care units in the north of Portugal between 2007 and 2012 revealed a high rate of admissions in 2012 along with significant rates of severe pulmonary hypertension and mortality. Hyperleukocytosis was significantly associated with a more ...
Teshome Getachew - - 2013
Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection to affect infants and toddlers. High-risk patients include infants younger than 3 months, premature infants, children with immunodeficiency, children with underlying cardiopulmonary or neuromuscular disease, or infants prone to apnea, severe respiratory distress, and respiratory failure. Bronchiolitis is a self-limited disease in ...
Alshehri Mohammed A - - 2013
Objectives: To assess the association between altitudes of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants.Methods: Data from infants born at <32 weeks' gestation admitted to NICUs at high altitude (2200 m above sea level) between 2002 and 2011 were analyzed and compared ...
Morokuma Seiichi - - 2013
We evaluated the relationship between arousal response in newborn infants before micturition and the occurrence of bed-wetting from 5 to 7years of age. This study found that neonates without an arousal response before micturition showed a high probability of bed-wetting in early childhood.
Edmunds Sean F - - 2013
A major justification for the intentional delivery of a pregnancy before 39 weeks' gestation is a reduction in stillbirth. However, there is a considerable downside to late preterm or early term deliveries. Infants born before 39 weeks' gestation are at increased risk for numerous complications and even death. Thus, it is critical ...
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