Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 843
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Saugstad Ola Didrik OD Department of Pediatric Research, Division of Women and Children's Health, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet and University of Oslo, - - 2014
The optimal initial fraction of oxygen (iFiO2 ) for resuscitating/stabilising premature infants is not known. We aimed to study currently available information and provide guidelines regarding the iFiO2 levels needed to resuscitate/stabilise premature infants of ≤ 32 weeks' gestation. Our systematic review and meta-analysis studied the effects of low and ...
Kesebir Pelin P University of - - 2014
Five studies tested the hypothesis that a quiet ego, as exemplified by humility, would buffer death anxiety. Humility is characterized by a willingness to accept the self and life without comforting illusions, and by low levels of self-focus. As a consequence, it was expected to render mortality thoughts less threatening ...
Martinez-Torteya Cecilia C DePaul - - 2014
Early biobehavioral regulation, a major influence of later adaptation, develops through dyadic interactions with caregivers. Thus, identification of maternal characteristics that can ameliorate or exacerbate infants' innate vulnerabilities is key for infant well-being and long-term healthy development. The present study evaluated the influence of maternal parenting, postpartum psychopathology, history of ...
Marie Céline C Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Previous research suggests that when two streams of pitched tones are presented simultaneously, adults process each stream in a separate memory trace, as reflected by Mismatch Negativity (MMN), a component of the Event-Related Potential (ERP). Furthermore, a superior encoding of the higher tone or voice in polyphonic sounds has been ...
Morisaki N N Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Paediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
To evaluate how the effect of maternal complications on preterm birth varies between spontaneous and provider-initiated births, as well as among different countries. Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. Twenty-nine countries participating in the World Health Organization Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health. 299 878 singleton deliveries of live neonates ...
Tsai Andy A Department of Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a common high specificity indicator of infant abuse and its imaging features have been correlated histopathologically in infant fatalities. High-resolution CT imaging and histologic correlates were employed to (1) characterize the normal infant anatomy surrounding the chondro-osseous junction, and (2) confirm the 3-D model ...
Bailey Dana D Clinical Biochemistry, Department of Pediatric Laboratory Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Canada; Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Poor vitamin D status (i.e. low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)) has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes during pregnancy and childhood. However, the interpretation of serum 25(OH)D levels may be complicated by the presence of the C3-epimer of 25(OH)D. We aimed to quantify C3-epi-25(OH)D3 in pregnant women and fetuses, to ...
Dobkins Karen R KR Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2014
To investigate the mechanisms underlying development of upright face preferences in infants, the current study measured inversion effects for faces that were spatial frequency (SF) filtered, into low SF and high SF, with the notion that different SFs are analyzed by different visual mechanisms. For comparison to faces, we used ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080299.].
Jones Emily J H EJ Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and the presence of restrictive and repetitive behaviors. Symptoms of ASD likely emerge from a complex interaction between pre-existing neurodevelopmental vulnerabilities and the child's environment, modified by compensatory skills and protective factors. Prospective studies of ...
Kihal-Talantikite Wahida - - 2013
Few studies have explored how noise might contribute to social health inequalities, and even fewer have considered infant mortality or its risk factors as the health event of interest.In this paper, we investigate the impact of neighbourhood characteristics - both socio-economic status and ambient noise levels - on the spatial ...
Gangi Devon N - - 2013
Infants at risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may have difficulty integrating smiles into initiating joint attention (IJA) bids. A specific IJA pattern, anticipatory smiling, may communicate preexisting positive affect when an infant smiles at an object and then turns the smile toward the social partner. We compared the development ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that neural conduction in the auditory brainstem is impaired in high-risk very preterm infants. Eighty-two very preterm infants (gestation 28-32weeks) with various perinatal problems or complications were studied at term using maximum length sequence (MLS) brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) with click rates 91-910/s. The data ...
Fung Timothy H M - - 2013
IMPORTANCE We report for the first time, to our knowledge, the acquisition of noncontact ultra-wide-field oral fluorescein angiograms in premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity. OBSERVATIONS High-resolution oral fluorescein angiograms were successfully obtained in 3 consecutive premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity at the Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford, England, using ...
Kuzniewicz Michael W - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) across gestational age, examine the risk of ASD by gestational age controlling for other risk factors, and identify potential risk factors in the neonatal intensive care unit. A retrospective cohort of infants born at ≥24 weeks between January 1, 2000, and ...
Luyster Rhiannon J - - 2013
Few studies employing event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine infant perception/cognition have systematically characterized age-related changes over the first few years of life. Establishing a 'normative' template of development is important in its own right, and doing so may also better highlight points of divergence for high-risk populations of infants, such ...
Parikh Nehal A - - 2013
Cognitive and language impairments constitute the majority of disabilities observed in preterm infants. It remains unclear if diffuse excessive high signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging at term represents delayed white matter maturation or pathology. We hypothesized that diffusion tensor imaging-based objectively quantified diffuse excessive high signal intensity measures at ...
Winsper Catherine - - 2013
Infant and toddler regulatory problems (RPs) including crying, sleeping and feeding, are a frequent concern for parents and have been associated with negative behavioral outcomes in early and middle childhood. Uncertain is whether infant and toddler RPs predict stable, trait-like dysregulated behavior across childhood. We addressed this gap in the ...
Leezenbaum Nina B - - 2013
This study investigates mothers' responses to infant communication among infants at heightened genetic risk (high risk) of autism spectrum disorder compared to infants with no such risk (low risk). A total of 26 infants, 12 of whom had an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder, were observed during naturalistic in-home ...
Rocha Gustavo - - 2013
A retrospective chart review of 18 nonvaccinated newborns and infants admitted to 6 intensive care units in the north of Portugal between 2007 and 2012 revealed a high rate of admissions in 2012 along with significant rates of severe pulmonary hypertension and mortality. Hyperleukocytosis was significantly associated with a more ...
Teshome Getachew - - 2013
Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection to affect infants and toddlers. High-risk patients include infants younger than 3 months, premature infants, children with immunodeficiency, children with underlying cardiopulmonary or neuromuscular disease, or infants prone to apnea, severe respiratory distress, and respiratory failure. Bronchiolitis is a self-limited disease in ...
Alshehri Mohammed A - - 2013
Objectives: To assess the association between altitudes of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants.Methods: Data from infants born at <32 weeks' gestation admitted to NICUs at high altitude (2200 m above sea level) between 2002 and 2011 were analyzed and compared ...
Morokuma Seiichi - - 2013
We evaluated the relationship between arousal response in newborn infants before micturition and the occurrence of bed-wetting from 5 to 7years of age. This study found that neonates without an arousal response before micturition showed a high probability of bed-wetting in early childhood.
Edmunds Sean F - - 2013
A major justification for the intentional delivery of a pregnancy before 39 weeks' gestation is a reduction in stillbirth. However, there is a considerable downside to late preterm or early term deliveries. Infants born before 39 weeks' gestation are at increased risk for numerous complications and even death. Thus, it is critical ...
Sacrey Lori-Ann R - - 2013
Regulation of visual attention is essential to learning about one's environment. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit impairments in regulating their visual attention, but little is known about how such impairments develop over time. This prospective longitudinal study is the first to describe the development of components of visual ...
Gabard-Durnam Laurel - - 2013
An emerging focus of research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) targets the identification of early-developing ASD endophenotypes using infant siblings of affected children. One potential neural endophenotype is resting frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha asymmetry, a metric of hemispheric organization. Here, we examined the development of frontal EEG alpha asymmetry in ...
Logan J Wells - - 2013
Isolated periventricular leukomalacia, defined as periventricular leukomalacia unaccompanied by intraventricular hemorrhage, is reportedly increased in newborns with systemic hypotension and in infants who received treatment for systemic hypotension or a patent ductus arteriosus. This study sought to determine if the risk profile of one or more hypoechoic lesions unaccompanied by ...
Elison Jed T JT Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities and Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine whether specific patterns of oculomotor functioning and visual orienting characterize 7-month-old infants who later meet criteria for an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to identify the neural correlates of these behaviors. METHOD Data were collected from 97 infants, of whom 16 were high-familial-risk infants ...
Marques Rejane C - - 2013
Hair mercury (HHg) concentration is a biomarker of exposure that is widely used to assess environmental contamination by fish methylmercury and neurodevelopment in children. In the Rio Madeira basin (Brazilian Amazon), total HHg concentrations in 649 mother-infant pairs were measured at birth (prenatal exposure) and after 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding; ...
Olischar Monika - - 2013
Identify factors for discrimination of "high" and "low risk" small for gestational age infants. Singleton infants born small for gestational age with a birthweight  <1,500 g between 1999 and 2007 were included. Maternal, placental, and infant related factors were analyzed with regard to mortality and morbidity. Patients who died or suffered ...
Raines Deborah A - - 2013
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN high oxygen levels and blindness in small preterm infants is common knowledge in today's NI CU. However 60 years ago, tiny babies were routinely given oxygen without knowledge of the relationship between the concentration of oxygen being administered and the subsequent outcome of the infant being blind.1 ...
Rodrigues Mirella - - 2013
To analyze the spatial distribution of infant mortality and identify clusters with high risk of death in the first year of life. The Thiessen (Voronoi) polygon method was used to analyze spatial distribution of the infant mortality rate, calculated by municipality. The triennium 2006 - 2008 was used as a ...
Dirix V - - 2013
To characterize the maturation of CD4(+) regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) and of cytokine productions in preterm infants during their first 16 months of life. The proportions of CD4(+) Treg cells, their phenotypic characteristics, and the mitogen-induced cytokine productions by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were analysed in 26 very-preterm infants from ...
Redmond Miranda D - - 2013
Widespread piñon (Pinus edulis) mortality occurred across the southwestern USA during 2002-2003 in response to drought and bark beetle infestations. Given the recent mortality and changes in regional climate over the past several decades, there is a keen interest in post-mortality regeneration dynamics in piñon-juniper woodlands. Here, we examined piñon ...
Lien Guang-Wen - - 2013
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) can cross the placenta, enter fetal circulation, and were found to correlate with adverse fetal growth. However, determinants of cord blood PFASs are not fully characterized. The study aimed to explore the association between PFASs and neonatal-maternal factors within a Taiwanese birth cohort. We selected subjects from ...
Yoo Kathryn - - 2013
Five-month-old infants characterized as low or high on temperamental negativity participated with their mothers in the still-face paradigm. Compared to low negative infants, high negative infants displayed greater negative engagement during reunion suggesting that infant temperament significantly contributes to individual differences in the still-face effect.
Bates Sara V - - 2013
Hemorrhagic pustules with a "blueberry muffin" appearance accompanied by respiratory failure in a neonate present a challenging differential diagnosis that includes infections and neoplasms. We present a case of multiorgan, multisite Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), positive for the oncogenic BRAF V600E mutation, in a preterm neonate. Infants with LCH pose ...
Carolan-Olah Mary - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to examine the evidence in relation to preterm birth and high environmental temperature. BACKGROUND: this review was conducted against a background of global warming and an escalation in the frequency and severity of hot weather together with a rising preterm birth rate. METHODS: electronic health databases such as: SCOPUS, ...
Northrup Thomas F - - 2013
PURPOSE:: This study investigated potential associations between maternal depression and specific infant health conditions, smoking, and socioeconomic characteristics among mothers of high-risk infants during medical follow-up visits. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:: Cross-sectional self-report, and interview data were collected from 114 mothers of high-risk infants previously discharged from a neonatal intensive ...
Wickremasinghe Andrea C - - 2013
Although black race is considered protective against hyperbilirubinemia, black infants appear at increased risk of kernicterus. We found that although black infants have a lower risk of developing total serum bilirubin levels ≥ 20 mg/dL than white infants, they appear at greater risk of developing levels ≥ 30 mg/dL.
Panigrahy Nalinikanth - - 2013
Respiratory flutter or diaphragmatic flutter is a rare disorder characterized by involuntary, high frequency contractions of the diaphragm. Only 7 cases are reported in infants till date. The present case presented with life threatening respiratory distress immediately after birth. In view of high respiratory rate of 120-154 per minute, clinical ...
de Lima Livia Fernandes - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Iodine is an essential micro nutrient, and a deficiency or excessive intake of this mineral is related to changes in thyroid function. In Brazil, both deficiency and excessive intake of iodine are common; however, excessive intakes have recently been observed. Thus, the objective of the present study was to ...
Birkhaug Ida Monn - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: The risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection according to calendar month of birth has previously been demonstrated. We hypothesize that the real-time infectious burden (IB) of RSV, in relation to time and county of birth, modifies the risk of LRTI in infants, an association that has not been ...
Langat Agnes - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Early highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is recommended for HIV-1 infected infants. There are limited data on lipid changes during infant HAART. METHODS:: Non-fasting total (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TG) were measured at 0, 6 and 12 months. Correlates of ...
Bell Jane C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The reported birth prevalence of orofacial clefts (OFCs) varies considerably. This study describes the epidemiology of OFCs in an Australian population. METHODS: We studied infants diagnosed with cleft lip, with or without cleft palate (CL±P), and cleft palate only (CPO) since 1980 and reported to the population based Western ...
Vieira Solange M - - 2013
High fish consumption and extended breastfeeding are hallmarks of traditional lifestyle in Western Amazonia. We studied sources of mercury exposure, fish-methylmercury (meHg) and dental-amalgam filling, in 75 urban and 82 rural lactating mothers. Total mercury was determined in all samples while meHg concentrations were determined in subsamples of milk (45) ...
Sheridan Andrew - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether sleep disturbances previously found to characterise high risk infants: (a) persist into childhood; (b) are influenced by early maternal settling strategies and (c) predict cognitive and emotional/behavioural functioning. METHODS: Mothers experiencing high and low levels of psychosocial adversity (risk) were recruited antenatally and longitudinally assessed with ...
Pakkasjärvi Niklas - - 2013
Upper-limb defects with deficiencies of the radial ray have varying etiologies, with a low proportion of true Mendelian disorders. We carried out a population-based study to elucidate the birth prevalence and clinical spectrum of radial ray deficiencies in Finland. We identified all births with radial ray deficiency reported to the ...
Wani Vivek B - - 2013
The purpose was to report the structural, visual, and refractive outcomes of infants treated for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with laser and to identify the risk factors for unfavorable outcomes. The charts of infants with severe ROP treated by diode laser in a tertiary center during the period April 1999 ...
Klenovics Kristína Simon - - 2013
Infant formula-feeding is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity. In rodents and healthy humans, advanced glycation end product (AGE)-rich diets exert diabetogenic effects. In comparison with human breast-milk, infant formulas contain high amounts of AGEs. We assessed the role of AGEs in infant-formula-consumption-associated insulin resistance. Total plasma levels of N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >