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Pakdel A - - 2005
(1) Ascites syndrome is a growth-related disorder of broilers that occurs more often in fast-growing birds and at low temperatures. The objective of this study was to estimate genetic and phenotypic correlations among ascites-related traits measured either under cold or under normal temperature conditions, and to estimate genetic correlations between ...
Zhang Lina L graduate of department of automation, college of Sciences and Technology of Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot, PRC. (e-mail: - - 2005
This paper introduces the system structure, hardware circuits, control algorithms, and software program of the incubator for premature infant based on LabVIEW. The main advantages of this device are that preheating is less time than others, the capability of meeting of emergency is provided, control track of temperature and humidity ...
Vicente-Serrano Sergio M - - 2004
A vegetation cover increase has been identified at global scales using satellite images and vegetation indices. This fact is usually explained by global climatic change processes such as CO(2) and temperature increases. Nevertheless, although these causes can be important, the role of socioeconomic transformations must be considered in some places, ...
Vohra Sunita - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine if polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping of very preterm infants prevents heat loss after delivery better than conventional drying and to evaluate if any benefit is sustained after wrap removal. STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial of infants <28 weeks' gestation. The experimental group was wrapped ...
Asakura Hirobumi - - 2004
The metabolic rate of the fetus per tissue weight is relatively high when compared to that of an adult. Moreover, heat is transferred to the fetus via the placenta and the uterus, resulting in a 0.3 degrees C to 0.5 degrees C higher temperature than that of the mother. Therefore, ...
Carrel Aaron L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of growth hormone (GH) on body composition and motor development in infants and toddlers with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-nine subjects with PWS (4-37 months of age) were randomized to GH treatment (1mg/m 2 /day) or observation for 12 months. Percent body fat, lean ...
Estrada-Peña A - - 2004
The abundance, seasonal activity patterns and development rates of the tick Ixodes ricinus (L.) (Acari: Ixodidae), as well as microclimate features of the site of study, are described for a 9-year-long study (1994-2002) in north-central Spain. According to drag captures, larvae had a unimodal activity pattern, with a maximum observed ...
Kimura Tasuku - - 2005
Sixteen infants were analyzed longitudinally from the onset of independent walking to 3 years of age using time parameters, speed and energy recovery. Considerable variation and irregularities were observed in many parameters of infant walking, especially until 13 months of age when infants had difficulty in walking steadily step by ...
Keatinge W R - - 2004
Initial concern about the possible effects of global warming on infections has declined with the realization that the spread of tropical diseases is likely to be limited and controllable. However, the direct effects of heat already cause substantial numbers of deaths among vulnerable people in the summer. Action to prevent ...
Lang N - - 2004
Rectal temperature of 126 term infants was measured on admission to the nursery following variable periods of stay with the mother in the delivery room. Fifty-nine infants who wore woolen hats after delivery had higher rectal temperature than 67 infants whose head was covered by loosely applied cotton diapers (36.5+/-0.5 ...
Sonntag Bettina - - 2004
Two euplanktonic ciliates, Urotricha psenneri n. sp. (Prostomatida) and Amphileptus piger (Vuxanovici, 1962) n. comb. (Pleurostomatida), were discovered in the surface plankton of the oligotrophic Lake Traunsee in Austria. Their morphology and infraciliature were studied in live cells as well as in specimens impregnated with protargol and silver nitrate. Urotricha ...
Li Jia - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The balance between systemic oxygen consumption (VO2) and delivery (DO2) is impaired after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and is related to systemic inflammatory response syndrome. We sought to assess VO2 and DO2 and their relationship with proinflammatory cytokines after CPB with the use of modified ultrafiltration (MUF) in infants. METHODS: ...
Riminesi Cristiano - - 2004
In this paper, the magnetic flux density (MFD) distribution in a neonatal intensive care unit is described and MFD values inside a few open infant warming systems and incubators are reported. Typical measured values of the magnetic flux density at power frequency (50 Hz) in the "general environment" (the rooms ...
Huang Shirley Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of recent antipyretic use among febrile infants at a pediatric emergency department (ED) and to test the hypothesis that recent antipyretic use is associated with lower measured temperatures in the ED. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled infants younger than 366 days at a pediatric ED. Eligible ...
Bohnhorst Bettina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We recently found increased temperature and increased bradycardia and desaturation during skin-to-skin care (SSC). We wanted to determine if these effects were related. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-two infants (median gestational age at birth 28.5 weeks [range 24-31], median age at study 25.5 days [range 10-60 days], median birth weight 1025 ...
Dollberg Shaul - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of a study of the effect of positioning on energy expenditure in preterm infants. We performed a prospective, randomized, clinical cross-over pilot study of eight healthy, appropriate weight for gestational age, gavage-fed, clinically stable preterm infants at the postmenstrual age ...
Hyer Christopher F CF Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Center, 6200 Cleveland Avenue, Ste.100, Columbus, Ohio 43221, USA. - - 2004
The degree of obliquity of the base of the first metatarsal is thought to predispose to metatarsus primus varus deformity. Radiographs currently are used to interpret the obliquity of the proximal first metatarsal but are subject to error. A 'normal' obliquity of the first metatarsal base has not yet been ...
Som S S - - 2004
A study on a few selected socio-biological and demographic determinants of birth weight was conducted at a hospital in Sagar town, Madhya Pradesh. Records of 2,680 single live births over a period of one year (1st January to 31st December 2000) were analysed. It was found that male infants were ...
Hammami Mouhanad - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A piglet model was used to determine the influence of frequently encountered situations in clinical studies of infants and young children on fan-beam dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements. METHODS: DXA scans of piglets (640 g to 21,100 g) were acquired in the infant and adult mode and were analyzed ...
Pejaver Ranjan Kumar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Hypothermia is a common problem in newborns. This is more so in community environment especially in low-birth weight and preterm babies. METHODS: A simple liquid crystal temperature monitoring device was used in 20 infants on a continuous basis to monitor for hypothermia. This was compared with the measurement of ...
Elabbassi Elmountacer Billah - - 2004
Keeping premature newborns warm is crucial for their survival. Their ability to prevent excessive heat loss to the environment and to control their body temperature is limited. The risk of hypothermia is particularly important for low-birth-weight newborns with a large body surface area in relation to their mass of heat-producing ...
Peng Ying-Jie - - 2004
Carotid bodies are functionally immature at birth and exhibit poor sensitivity to hypoxia. Previous studies have shown that continuous hypoxia at birth impairs hypoxic sensing at the carotid body. Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is more frequently experienced in neonatal life. Previous studies on adult animals have shown that IH facilitates hypoxic ...
Houghton David C - - 2004
Despite the value of aquatic insects in aquatic ecosystem biomonitoring, few studies within North America have addressed relationships between aquatic insect assemblages and landscape-level environmental variables. In this study, over 300,000 adult caddisfly specimens representing 224 species were collected and analyzed from samples of 225 Minnesota aquatic habitats within 58 ...
Dollberg Shaul - - 2004
Small preterm infants usually require a heated environment to survive. After weaning, some infants become hypothermic, and eventually require external thermal support for an additional period. We hypothesized that preterm infants respond to weaning from an incubator by increasing their resting metabolic rate. Thermally stable infants were studied when they ...
Casellas J - - 2004
Eight physiological and vitality variables related to the first minutes of the life of Iberian x Meishan F2 piglets were analyzed. Variables included rectal temperature, arterial oxygen saturation, heart rate (all were monitored at birth and 60 min later), time to reach the udder, and time to the first colostrum ...
Bines J E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The method for measurement of basal metabolic rate (BMR) using indirect calorimetry in adults is well established but is impractical in infants. METHODS: In this prospective study energy expenditure was measured using indirect calorimetry in 14 infants when sleeping and when lying quietly awake. RESULTS: Sleeping metabolic rate (SMR) ...
Maayan-Metzger A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of radiant warmers on skin barrier function in preterm infants. METHODOLOGY: Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and stratum corneum hydration were measured in 30 preterm infants (birth weight 825 to 2220 g) in seven body areas: forehead, upper back, cubital fossa, palms, soles, abdomen, and inguinal ...
Hanna Colleen M - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: We evaluate the hypothesis that pulse rate increases linearly with increased body temperature in infants and determine how much tachycardia in infants can be explained by a 1 degrees C (1.8 degrees F) increase in body temperature. METHODS: Infants younger than 1 year and presenting to a pediatric ...
Ma Guansheng - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The accurate measurement of body composition is useful in assessments of infant growth and nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the reliability and accuracy of a new air-displacement plethysmography (ADP) system for body-composition assessment in infants. DESIGN: Between- and within-day reliability was assessed by comparing the percentage body fat ...
Chapman J W - - 2004
Day and night sampling of windborne arthropods at a height of 200 m above ground was undertaken at Cardington, Bedfordshire, UK, during July 1999, 2000 and 2002, using a net supported by a tethered balloon. The results from this study are compared with those from the classic aerial sampling programmes ...
Gray P H - - 2004
AIMS: To evaluate the thermal responses and weight gain in preterm infants nursed in a cot on a heated, water-filled mattress (HWM) compared with infants receiving care in an air-heated incubator and to compare mothers' stress, anxiety levels and perceptions of their infants in the two groups. METHODS: Stable preterm ...
Chin Adrian - - 2004
At 10 degrees C, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (n = 13 per group) infected with Cryptobia salmositica Katz, 1951 became anorexic at 3 wk post-infection (w.p.i.), with feed-intake decreasing significantly from 1.33 to 0.94% body weight (b.w.). Anorexia was most severe at 4 w.p.i. (0.80% b.w.), coinciding with peak parasitemia ...
Jackson J A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the patterns of early postnatal physiological adaptation and maturation in intrauterine growth retarded (IUGR) infants by measuring changes in sleeping deep body temperature, heart rate, and concentrations of urinary cortisol. SETTING: At home. PATIENTS: Sixty five IUGR babies and 127 controls matched for sex, social class, and ...
Cottrell Serena M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Experimental data have suggested that early postoperative temperature management after cerebral ischemia may alter neurologic outcome. We explored whether minor deviations in early postoperative body temperature after infant heart surgery affects developmental outcome. METHODS: In a study of infants undergoing repair of congenital heart disease, 95% of whom had ...
Isenring E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of total body water (TBW) predicted by foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance compared with a deuterium oxide dilution technique in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Two private Australian radiation oncology facilities. SUBJECTS: In all, 27 subjects (23 males; four females); mean age 62 (+/-15) ...
Slaughter Virginia - - 2004
As a knowable object, the human body is highly complex. Evidence from several converging lines of research, including psychological studies, neuroimaging and clinical neuropsychology, indicates that human body knowledge is widely distributed in the adult brain, and is instantiated in at least three partially independent levels of representation. Sensorimotor body ...
Hamajima Takashi T Department of Pediatrics, Seirei Hamamatsu Hospital, Hamamatsu, Japan ; Department of Endocrinology, Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center, Aichi, - - 2004
The biochemical diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) is difficult in preterm infants. To date, no marker for the biochemical diagnosis of 21-OHD has been found. Seventeen α-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), is not useful because of interference by delta 5 steroids from the fetal adrenal cortex. A 5-d-old female infant, born at 31 ...
Thomas Karen A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of caregiving on preterm infant and incubator temperature and to investigate incubator control mode in thermal responses to caregiving. STUDY DESIGN: The intensive within-subject design involved continuous recording of infant and incubator temperature and videotaping throughout a 24-hour period in 40 hospitalized preterm infants. Temperature ...
Wailoo M P - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the pattern of postnatal physiological maturation in economically deprived infants by measuring the age-related changes in deep body temperature during night-time sleep. SETTING: Inner city Leicester, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight infants aged 6-21 weeks from economically deprived areas and 87 control infants from more affluent areas. OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Thomas Karen A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe infant temperature in the home environment and explore factors, particularly weight and gestational age at birth, associated with maintenance of thermal neutral temperatures in the home. DESIGN: Continuous abdominal skin temperature was recorded at 1-minute intervals for a 24-hour period in both full-term and preterm infants, using ...
Bautista A - - 2003
Newborn rabbits compete vigorously for the mother's milk, and survivors benefit from littermate deaths. Here we report that rabbit pups also may benefit from littermate presence in terms of increased thermal efficiency. Pups nursed normally once a day by their mother but otherwise raised alone had a lower probability of ...
Hammami Mouhanad - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Fan beam dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (FB DXA) has recently been validated for the measurement of body composition in small subjects. This study represents the first report of body composition (bone mineral content, fat mass, and lean mass) in human neonates measured by FB DXA. METHODS: FB DXA measurements ...
Valois Sandra - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Carbohydrate malabsorption in infants has been found to increase nutrient losses. However, the effect of this alteration on daily metabolic rate is unknown. We assessed daily metabolic rates in infants with asymptomatic carbohydrate malabsorption (ACM) after a single fruit juice load. METHODS: Sixteen healthy infants with ACM (63.3 +/- ...
Reichman C A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A knowledge of energy expenditure in infancy is required for the estimation of recommended daily amounts of food energy, for designing artificial infant feeds, and as a reference standard for studies of energy metabolism in disease states. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to construct centile reference charts ...
Rehan V K - - 2003
AIM: Human neonatal diaphragm development has not been extensively studied. Previous work in children and adults suggests that diaphragm thickness (t(di)) is in scale with body size such that maximal transdiaphragmatic pressure (P(dimax)) remains relatively constant. Such assessments have not been made in healthy term infants. This study was designed ...
Bekx M Tracy - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Infants with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are hypotonic and underweight before the onset of childhood obesity. This study evaluates body composition in the PWS infant and its relationship to energy expenditure. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen infants and toddlers with PWS (mean age, 12.4+/-6 months; eight female subjects) underwent analysis of body ...
Ryan M - - 2003
Normothermia must be established in drowning victims before death may be declared, as the myocardium may remain resistant to stimulation at subnormal temperatures, and complete neurological recovery from submersion associated hypothermia has been reported. A safe and effective method of external re-warming is described that may prove particularly useful in ...
Shine R - - 2003
The degree of offspring development at hatching (or birth) varies among species within most major vertebrate lineages; altricial vs. precocial birds offer the clearest example of a trade-off between early hatching and the degree of locomotor development of the hatchling. No such diversity has been reported for reptiles, but we ...
Callanan Deborah - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Fever in young infants frequently triggers a laboratory evaluation because of the increased likelihood of serious bacterial infections. Reported fever by methods other than rectal thermometry is of concern. This study evaluates the validity of perceived, pacifier, and temporal artery (TA) temperatures. METHODS: A convenience sample of 200 babies ...
Chatterton N Jerry - - 2003
Crested wheatgrass is an important cool-season grass that has become naturalized in many semiarid regions of the western U.S. It provides ground cover and reduces soil erosion caused by water and wind. Additionally, crested wheatgrass produces important forage for livestock and wildlife on 6 to 8 million hectars of western ...
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