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Results 201 - 250 of 900
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Grönqvist Helena - - 2011
Reaching strategies and kinematics for a group of very preterm infants were investigated and compared with a group of full-term infants when reaching for a moving object. Eight-month-old (corrected-age) infants were presented with small toys moving on a semicircular path in the vertical plane. The trajectories of the target and ...
Wilkinson David J - - 2011
PURPOSE: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a common condition of infancy, often presenting with marked biochemical derangement, requiring correction. Previous studies have looked at the relationship between serum electrolytes and acid-base balance in HPS but not at the relationship between the degree of biochemical derangement and time taken to resolve ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2011
Aim:  The present study examined the effects of maternal anxiety during infant hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on the child's cognitive and behavioural development at 24 months corrected age. Parental anxiety following the birth of a very low birthweight (VLBW, <1500 g) infant may impede their capacity to be ...
Takahashi Yuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are few studies that compare the physiological and biological efficacies between different early skin-to-skin contacts (SSC) post birth. AIM: To investigate physiologically and biochemically how early SSC with different initiation and duration time influence the stress post birth for full-term infants. STUDY DESIGN: Non-experimental study. SUBJECTS: Study I; ...
Hazuku Tomonobu - - 2011
We present two patients who developed severe protrusion of the conjunctiva and chemosis secondary to Harlequin ichthyosis (HI). Case 1 was a male infant diagnosed with HI who had parchment-like appearance and conjunctival protrusion with severe chemosis. Case 2 was a female infant on whom HI had been suspected before ...
Khosrokhavar Roya R Food and Drug Laboratory Research center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran. ; Food and Drug Control Laboratories, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2011
Determination of drug residues in food is of great importance due to their toxicity. Long-term exposure with low level of drug residues could be important, especially in children. Based on document study, oxytetracycline )OTC) is a prophylaxis and treatment agent for great number of diseases and possesses a broad spectrum ...
Hintz Susan R - - 2011
We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 22 months' corrected age of infants born with extremely low birth weight at an estimated gestational age of <25 weeks during 2 periods: 1999-2001 (epoch 1) and 2002-2004 (epoch 2). We conducted a multicenter, retrospective analysis of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute ...
Korakaki Eftichia - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of antenatally administered glucocorticoids on bone status of preterm infants at 1 year corrected age. The study population consisted of 32 preterm infants with a gestational age of 24-34 weeks. The infants were divided into two groups according to antenatal exposure to ...
Smith Michael G - - 2010
This paper examines racial differences in trends and predictors of prone and lateral infant sleep positioning among South Carolina mothers and infants. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data were used to analyze linear trends in prone, lateral, and supine infant sleep positioning among 14,648 mother-infant pairs from 1996 to 2007. ...
Baartmans M G A - - 2010
Background: Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is a rare toxin-mediated skin disease caused by Staphylococcus aureus and seen in infants and children younger than 5 years. Objectives: The supportive role of skin substitutes in SSSS is stressed as a new and relatively unknown method. Methods: Retrospective observational case-series study, in ...
Neubauer Vera - - 2011
Congenital varicella syndrome (CVS) is a rare but deleterious consequence of primary varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection during pregnancy. Typical CVS stigmata are cerebral abnormalities, eye diseases and segmentally distributed, cicatricial skin lesions. In this paper the authors report on a male preterm infant, born at 30 weeks of gestation, ...
Nermes M - - 2011
Cite this as: M. Nermes, J. M. Kantele, T. J. Atosuo, S. Salminen and E. Isolauri, Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2011 (41) 370-377. SUMMARY: Background The intestinal mucosa functions as a defence barrier against gut intraluminar antigens. The maturational events in the gut parallel its step-wise colonization. Atopic dermatitis (AD) ...
Nakai Noriaki - - 2010
Milia are tiny pearly-white cysts on the surface of the skin. In newborns, milia are usually located around the nose and eyes and generally disappear after the first several weeks of life. Trisomy 13 is a severe chromosomal disorder, with various complications. Here, we report a case of a 9-month-old ...
Tourula Marjo - - 2011
It is a common practice in Northern countries that children aged about 2 weeks to 2 years take their daytime sleep outdoors in prams in winter. The aim was to evaluate the thermal insulation of clothing of infants sleeping outdoors in winter. Clothing data of infants aged 3.5 months was collected, and sleep ...
Mirza Farhat Hussain - - 2010
Sharp weapons are one of the most violent and abhorrent means of deaths. This study assesses the frequency of sharp weapon deaths in Karachi. This was a cross sectional study, and involves the deaths by sharp weapons autopsied in Karachi during Mar 2008-Feb 2009. This study reports that the frequency ...
Basu Rupa - - 2010
With temperatures expected to increase because of climate change, it is essential to study the health outcomes of elevated temperature in vulnerable populations, such as expectant mothers. In this study, the authors estimated the association between heat and humidity, as measured by apparent temperature, and preterm delivery. They conducted a ...
Bissinger Robin L - - 2010
The survival of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants has been shown to be effected by alterations in thermoregulation. Morbidity and mortality in these VLBW infants has remained higher than those in any other group of infants because of their innate vulnerability and because of exposure to risk factors in the environment. ...
Knobel Robin - - 2010
Extremely low-birthweight infants have inefficient thermoregulation due to immaturity and may exhibit cold body temperatures after birth and during their first 12 hours of life. Hypothermia in these infants can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Anecdotal notes made during our recent study revealed extremely low-birthweight infants' temperatures decreased with ...
Sadhukhan Sanjoy Kr - - 2010
This institution-based cross-sectional observational validation study was conducted in the immunisation clinic of North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Sushrutanagar. The objective was to identify the validity characteristics of mid arm circumference to detect protein energy malnutrition among 8-11 months infants and to find out a suitable cut-off value if ...
Farooqi Ghazala A - - 2010
Michelin tire syndrome is described in a two month old infant of Filipino-Saudi parents. The infant had generalized excessive folding of skin and facial dysmorphism. The skin biopsy showed excessive adipose tissue in reticular dermis, papillary dermis and around adnexa. Spontaneous partial improvement in skin folding was noted on follow ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2010
Infant body composition is affected by maternal obesity, which results in increased % body fat in the infant. With the rapidly increasing incidence of obesity, it is important that normative data are available for infant body composition that is not affected by this trend in maternal obesity. This study assessed ...
Robertson Nicola J - - 2010
Over the past 10 years, several randomised clinical trials of therapeutic hypothermia for perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy have demonstrated both safety and efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in improving neurological outcome. Today cooling is increasingly used in tertiary level units throughout the developed world. Therapeutic hypothermia (cooling to a rectal or core ...
Hoque Nicholas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare cooling methods during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for moderate or severe perinatal asphyxia with regard to temperature and hemodynamic stability. METHODS: A total of 73 newborns received TH in our center between 1999 and 2009 by 4 methods: (1) selective head cooling ...
Adekunte A - - 2010
Many of the documented outbreaks of Cronobacter sakazakii have been linked to infant formula. The aims of this work are to monitor the inactivation kinetics of C.sakazakii NCTC 08155 and ATCC 11467 and to determine quantitatively the effectiveness of ultrasonic treatments as an alternative to heat processing of reconstituted infant ...
Lei Tzu-Hui - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare resting energy expenditure (REE) in premature infants of different body weights during weaning from the incubator. We hypothesized that premature infants would respond to weaning from an incubator with an increase in REE, and that the increment would be larger in ...
Zhou Wen-hao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of selective head cooling with mild systemic hypothermia in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with HIE were randomly assigned to the selective head cooling or control group. Selective head cooling was initiated within 6 hours after birth to a ...
te Pas Arjan B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend techniques to minimize heat loss in the delivery room. The use of humidified and heated gas is standard of care for preterm infants who need respiratory support in the NICU, but international resuscitation guidelines do not stipulate use of this therapy during stabilization at birth. ...
Godang Kristin - - 2010
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to measure body composition in newborns; however, data on DXA accuracy are limited. We investigated the reliability of body composition measurements by DXA. The present study included 207 normal-term newborn babies, recruited from a larger study on the determinants of birth weight in healthy ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in preterm infants whether polyethylene caps prevent heat loss after delivery better than polyethylene occlusive wrapping and conventional drying. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial of infants <29 weeks' gestation including 3 study groups: (1) experimental group in which the heads of patients were ...
Sen Bandana - - 2010
The association of early postnatal growth with diseases in adults such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes and CHD has generated interest in studying postnatal growth. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a useful measure to estimate total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM). We evaluated three published equations (Fjeld et ...
Andres A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to validate the first quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (QMR) instrument designed and built to assess body composition in children from birth to adulthood (up to 50 kg). DESIGN: A total of 50 pigs weighing between 3.0 and 49.1 kg were studied. Each piglet's body composition ...
Eriksson Britt - - 2010
AIM: To use Pea Pod, a device based on air displacement plethysmography, to study body composition of healthy, full-term infants born to well-nourished women with a western life-style. METHODS: Body composition was assessed in 53 girls and 55 boys at 1 week (before 10 days of age) and at 12 ...
Van Hoan Nguyen - - 2010
Extrusion cooking and amylase addition are two processing methods used for the preparation of high energy dense (ED) gruels of suitable consistency. A quantitative study of energy and nutrient intakes of 67 infants aged 6 to 10 months in rural areas in Vietnam was carried out to compare the effects ...
Ahmad Irfan - - 2010
A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study in preterm and term infants was performed to compare multimodal measurements of body composition, namely, limb ultrasound, bone quantitative ultrasound, and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). One hundred and two preterm and term infants appropriate for gestational age were enrolled from the newborn nursery and neonatal ...
McCall Emma M - - 2010
Keeping vulnerable preterm infants warm is problematic even when recommended routine thermal care guidelines are followed in the delivery suite. To assess efficacy and safety of interventions designed for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and/or low birthweight infants applied within 10 minutes after birth in the delivery suite compared with ...
Knobel Robin B RB Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2010
To explore body temperature in relationship to heart rate in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants during their first 12 hours to help identify the ideal set point for incubator control of body temperature. Within subject, multiple-case design. A tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in North Carolina. Ten infants ...
Liu Jing J Department of Neonatology & Nicu, Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated With Beijing Military Region General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2010
To explore the incidence and analyze the high risk factors of PIVH in premature infants in mainland China. A total of 1122 premature infants at <37 weeks gestation were enrolled in this study. All the infants received intracranial ultrasound examinations within 1 week after birth, and the perinatal data were ...
Sahni R R Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2010
To investigate the correlation between the 'perfusion index' (PI) and other commonly used estimates of cutaneous blood flow [heart rate (HR), surface temperatures (ST) and central-to-peripheral thermal gradients (C-P grad)] and to use this new non-invasive tool to compare differences between prone and supine sleep position in low birth weight ...
Rising Russell - - 2010
Background. Malnourished infants are small for age and weight. Objectives. Determine profiles in 24-hour energy metabolism in recovering malnourished infants and compare to similarly aged healthy controls. Methods. 10 malnourished infants (58.1 +/- 5.9 cm, 7.7 +/- 5.6 months) were healthy prior to spending 22 hours in the Enhanced Metabolic ...
Ibrahim C P Hafis - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Hypothermia at birth is strongly associated with mortality and morbidity in pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: A local audit showed limited effectiveness of occlusive wrapping in preventing admission hypothermia in very pre-term infants. Self-heating acetate gel mattresses were introduced as a result to prevent hypothermia at birth in infants born at ...
Al-Nabulsi Anas A - - 2009
Cronobacter is a new genus containing 5 species previously known as Enterobacter sakazakii. The popularity of "natural" substances and alternative medicine has extended the use of natural antimicrobials and herbs to foods, and some herbs are claimed to relieve gastric disturbances in infants. The present study investigated the antimicrobial activity ...
Horn A R - - 2010
This study describes and evaluates a simple method of neuroprotective hypothermia for infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Five term infants with HIE were cooled by applying soft, cold gel bags to the head. A radiant warmer, set to 34 degrees C, servo-controlled the temperature measured at a probe between the ...
Knobel R B - - 2009
This study evaluated peripheral vasoconstriction in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants when body temperature decreased during the first 12 h of life. An exploratory, within-subjects design with 10 ELBW infants. Abdominal and foot temperatures were measured every minute. Peripheral vasoconstriction (abdominal>peripheral temperature by 2 degrees C) and abdominal-peripheral temperature ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to characterize variations in treatment decisions for young febrile infants in pediatric emergency departments across Canada and to document the extent of practice variations among pediatric emergency department practitioners. METHODS: This was a prospective, concurrent, cohort study of consecutive infants up to 90 ...
Duran Ridvan - - 2009
AIM: Preterm infants are prone to temperature maintenance problems due to immature thermoregulatory mechanism and relatively large body surface area. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the performance of a new non-invasive infrared thermometer applied to the mid-forehead and temporal artery in comparison with axillary temperature recordings ...
Fennessy B G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric foreign bodies may present with vague and nonspecific symptoms. It is important to have a high index of suspicion when managing such cases. METHOD: We report the case of a nine-month-old infant who presented with a wheeze, cough and fever following ingestion of a needle. RESULTS: This patient ...
Hallberg Boubou - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Induced mild hypothermia is an emerging therapy that has been shown to reduce the combined outcome of death or severe neurodevelopmental disabilities in asphyxiated full-term infants if started within 6 h after birth. AIM: To study the feasibility and safety of inducing hypothermia in asphyxiated infants already at the ...
Horn Alan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Several trials suggest that hypothermia is beneficial in selected infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. However, the cooling methods used required repeated interventions and were either expensive or reported significant temperature variation. The objective of this pilot study was to describe the use, efficacy, and physiologic impact of an inexpensive servo-controlled ...
Ammari Amer A Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2009
Low birth weight (LBW) infants sleeping prone are known to exhibit many physiological differences from those sleeping supine, including lower energy expenditure (heat production) and higher surface temperature. This apparent increase in heat storage suggests that heat loss may be inhibited in the prone position which, in turn, might influence ...
Abder-Rahman Hasan A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In stressful situations, people usually use finger sweep to remove pharyngeal foreign bodies from the mouth. This article reports on three cases of death of infants following the use of this technique. METHODS: A total of 26 cases of choking caused by foreign bodies aspiration in the upper and ...
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