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Results 201 - 250 of 887
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Nakai Noriaki - - 2010
Milia are tiny pearly-white cysts on the surface of the skin. In newborns, milia are usually located around the nose and eyes and generally disappear after the first several weeks of life. Trisomy 13 is a severe chromosomal disorder, with various complications. Here, we report a case of a 9-month-old ...
Tourula Marjo - - 2011
It is a common practice in Northern countries that children aged about 2 weeks to 2 years take their daytime sleep outdoors in prams in winter. The aim was to evaluate the thermal insulation of clothing of infants sleeping outdoors in winter. Clothing data of infants aged 3.5 months was collected, and sleep ...
Mirza Farhat Hussain - - 2010
Sharp weapons are one of the most violent and abhorrent means of deaths. This study assesses the frequency of sharp weapon deaths in Karachi. This was a cross sectional study, and involves the deaths by sharp weapons autopsied in Karachi during Mar 2008-Feb 2009. This study reports that the frequency ...
Basu Rupa - - 2010
With temperatures expected to increase because of climate change, it is essential to study the health outcomes of elevated temperature in vulnerable populations, such as expectant mothers. In this study, the authors estimated the association between heat and humidity, as measured by apparent temperature, and preterm delivery. They conducted a ...
Bissinger Robin L - - 2010
The survival of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants has been shown to be effected by alterations in thermoregulation. Morbidity and mortality in these VLBW infants has remained higher than those in any other group of infants because of their innate vulnerability and because of exposure to risk factors in the environment. ...
Knobel Robin - - 2010
Extremely low-birthweight infants have inefficient thermoregulation due to immaturity and may exhibit cold body temperatures after birth and during their first 12 hours of life. Hypothermia in these infants can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Anecdotal notes made during our recent study revealed extremely low-birthweight infants' temperatures decreased with ...
Sadhukhan Sanjoy Kr - - 2010
This institution-based cross-sectional observational validation study was conducted in the immunisation clinic of North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Sushrutanagar. The objective was to identify the validity characteristics of mid arm circumference to detect protein energy malnutrition among 8-11 months infants and to find out a suitable cut-off value if ...
Farooqi Ghazala A - - 2010
Michelin tire syndrome is described in a two month old infant of Filipino-Saudi parents. The infant had generalized excessive folding of skin and facial dysmorphism. The skin biopsy showed excessive adipose tissue in reticular dermis, papillary dermis and around adnexa. Spontaneous partial improvement in skin folding was noted on follow ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2010
Infant body composition is affected by maternal obesity, which results in increased % body fat in the infant. With the rapidly increasing incidence of obesity, it is important that normative data are available for infant body composition that is not affected by this trend in maternal obesity. This study assessed ...
Robertson Nicola J - - 2010
Over the past 10 years, several randomised clinical trials of therapeutic hypothermia for perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy have demonstrated both safety and efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in improving neurological outcome. Today cooling is increasingly used in tertiary level units throughout the developed world. Therapeutic hypothermia (cooling to a rectal or core ...
Hoque Nicholas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare cooling methods during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for moderate or severe perinatal asphyxia with regard to temperature and hemodynamic stability. METHODS: A total of 73 newborns received TH in our center between 1999 and 2009 by 4 methods: (1) selective head cooling ...
Adekunte A - - 2010
Many of the documented outbreaks of Cronobacter sakazakii have been linked to infant formula. The aims of this work are to monitor the inactivation kinetics of C.sakazakii NCTC 08155 and ATCC 11467 and to determine quantitatively the effectiveness of ultrasonic treatments as an alternative to heat processing of reconstituted infant ...
Lei Tzu-Hui - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare resting energy expenditure (REE) in premature infants of different body weights during weaning from the incubator. We hypothesized that premature infants would respond to weaning from an incubator with an increase in REE, and that the increment would be larger in ...
Zhou Wen-hao - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of selective head cooling with mild systemic hypothermia in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with HIE were randomly assigned to the selective head cooling or control group. Selective head cooling was initiated within 6 hours after birth to a ...
te Pas Arjan B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend techniques to minimize heat loss in the delivery room. The use of humidified and heated gas is standard of care for preterm infants who need respiratory support in the NICU, but international resuscitation guidelines do not stipulate use of this therapy during stabilization at birth. ...
Godang Kristin - - 2010
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to measure body composition in newborns; however, data on DXA accuracy are limited. We investigated the reliability of body composition measurements by DXA. The present study included 207 normal-term newborn babies, recruited from a larger study on the determinants of birth weight in healthy ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in preterm infants whether polyethylene caps prevent heat loss after delivery better than polyethylene occlusive wrapping and conventional drying. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial of infants <29 weeks' gestation including 3 study groups: (1) experimental group in which the heads of patients were ...
Sen Bandana - - 2010
The association of early postnatal growth with diseases in adults such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes and CHD has generated interest in studying postnatal growth. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a useful measure to estimate total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM). We evaluated three published equations (Fjeld et ...
Andres A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to validate the first quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (QMR) instrument designed and built to assess body composition in children from birth to adulthood (up to 50 kg). DESIGN: A total of 50 pigs weighing between 3.0 and 49.1 kg were studied. Each piglet's body composition ...
Eriksson Britt - - 2010
AIM: To use Pea Pod, a device based on air displacement plethysmography, to study body composition of healthy, full-term infants born to well-nourished women with a western life-style. METHODS: Body composition was assessed in 53 girls and 55 boys at 1 week (before 10 days of age) and at 12 ...
Van Hoan Nguyen - - 2010
Extrusion cooking and amylase addition are two processing methods used for the preparation of high energy dense (ED) gruels of suitable consistency. A quantitative study of energy and nutrient intakes of 67 infants aged 6 to 10 months in rural areas in Vietnam was carried out to compare the effects ...
Ahmad Irfan - - 2010
A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study in preterm and term infants was performed to compare multimodal measurements of body composition, namely, limb ultrasound, bone quantitative ultrasound, and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). One hundred and two preterm and term infants appropriate for gestational age were enrolled from the newborn nursery and neonatal ...
McCall Emma M - - 2010
Keeping vulnerable preterm infants warm is problematic even when recommended routine thermal care guidelines are followed in the delivery suite. To assess efficacy and safety of interventions designed for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and/or low birthweight infants applied within 10 minutes after birth in the delivery suite compared with ...
Knobel Robin B RB Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2010
To explore body temperature in relationship to heart rate in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants during their first 12 hours to help identify the ideal set point for incubator control of body temperature. Within subject, multiple-case design. A tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in North Carolina. Ten infants ...
Liu Jing J Department of Neonatology & Nicu, Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated With Beijing Military Region General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2010
To explore the incidence and analyze the high risk factors of PIVH in premature infants in mainland China. A total of 1122 premature infants at <37 weeks gestation were enrolled in this study. All the infants received intracranial ultrasound examinations within 1 week after birth, and the perinatal data were ...
Sahni R R Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2010
To investigate the correlation between the 'perfusion index' (PI) and other commonly used estimates of cutaneous blood flow [heart rate (HR), surface temperatures (ST) and central-to-peripheral thermal gradients (C-P grad)] and to use this new non-invasive tool to compare differences between prone and supine sleep position in low birth weight ...
Rising Russell - - 2010
Background. Malnourished infants are small for age and weight. Objectives. Determine profiles in 24-hour energy metabolism in recovering malnourished infants and compare to similarly aged healthy controls. Methods. 10 malnourished infants (58.1 +/- 5.9 cm, 7.7 +/- 5.6 months) were healthy prior to spending 22 hours in the Enhanced Metabolic ...
Ibrahim C P Hafis - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Hypothermia at birth is strongly associated with mortality and morbidity in pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: A local audit showed limited effectiveness of occlusive wrapping in preventing admission hypothermia in very pre-term infants. Self-heating acetate gel mattresses were introduced as a result to prevent hypothermia at birth in infants born at ...
Al-Nabulsi Anas A - - 2009
Cronobacter is a new genus containing 5 species previously known as Enterobacter sakazakii. The popularity of "natural" substances and alternative medicine has extended the use of natural antimicrobials and herbs to foods, and some herbs are claimed to relieve gastric disturbances in infants. The present study investigated the antimicrobial activity ...
Horn A R - - 2010
This study describes and evaluates a simple method of neuroprotective hypothermia for infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Five term infants with HIE were cooled by applying soft, cold gel bags to the head. A radiant warmer, set to 34 degrees C, servo-controlled the temperature measured at a probe between the ...
Knobel R B - - 2009
This study evaluated peripheral vasoconstriction in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants when body temperature decreased during the first 12 h of life. An exploratory, within-subjects design with 10 ELBW infants. Abdominal and foot temperatures were measured every minute. Peripheral vasoconstriction (abdominal>peripheral temperature by 2 degrees C) and abdominal-peripheral temperature ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to characterize variations in treatment decisions for young febrile infants in pediatric emergency departments across Canada and to document the extent of practice variations among pediatric emergency department practitioners. METHODS: This was a prospective, concurrent, cohort study of consecutive infants up to 90 ...
Duran Ridvan - - 2009
AIM: Preterm infants are prone to temperature maintenance problems due to immature thermoregulatory mechanism and relatively large body surface area. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the performance of a new non-invasive infrared thermometer applied to the mid-forehead and temporal artery in comparison with axillary temperature recordings ...
Fennessy B G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric foreign bodies may present with vague and nonspecific symptoms. It is important to have a high index of suspicion when managing such cases. METHOD: We report the case of a nine-month-old infant who presented with a wheeze, cough and fever following ingestion of a needle. RESULTS: This patient ...
Hallberg Boubou - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Induced mild hypothermia is an emerging therapy that has been shown to reduce the combined outcome of death or severe neurodevelopmental disabilities in asphyxiated full-term infants if started within 6 h after birth. AIM: To study the feasibility and safety of inducing hypothermia in asphyxiated infants already at the ...
Horn Alan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Several trials suggest that hypothermia is beneficial in selected infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. However, the cooling methods used required repeated interventions and were either expensive or reported significant temperature variation. The objective of this pilot study was to describe the use, efficacy, and physiologic impact of an inexpensive servo-controlled ...
Ammari Amer A Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2009
Low birth weight (LBW) infants sleeping prone are known to exhibit many physiological differences from those sleeping supine, including lower energy expenditure (heat production) and higher surface temperature. This apparent increase in heat storage suggests that heat loss may be inhibited in the prone position which, in turn, might influence ...
Abder-Rahman Hasan A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In stressful situations, people usually use finger sweep to remove pharyngeal foreign bodies from the mouth. This article reports on three cases of death of infants following the use of this technique. METHODS: A total of 26 cases of choking caused by foreign bodies aspiration in the upper and ...
Modi Neena N Section of Neonatal Medicine, Division of Medicine, Chelsca & Westminister Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London SW10 9NH, UK. - - 2009
Abdominal adiposity and metabolic ill health in Asian Indians are a growing public health concern. Causal pathways are unknown. Preventive measures in adults have had limited success. The aim of this observational case-control study was to compare adipose tissue partitioning in 69 healthy full term Asian Indian and white European ...
Goelz Rangmar - - 2009
Preterm infants can inoculate virulent cytomegalovirus (CMV) through their mothers' raw breast milk. Complete virus inactivation is achieved only by heat treatment, but the effect on growth factors has never been assessed systematically. Insulin-like-growth-factor-1-, IGF-2-, insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-2-, and IGFBP-3-concentrations were measured, before and after heating, in 51 breast-milk-samples from 28 mothers, ...
Antonucci Roberto - - 2009
Since the 19th century, devices termed incubators were developed to maintain thermal stability in low birth weight (LBW) and sick newborns, thus improving their chances of survival. Remarkable progress has been made in the production of infant incubators, which are currently highly technological devices. However, they still need to be ...
Stern Georgette - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Control of breathing, heart rate, and body temperature are interdependent in infants, where instabilities in thermoregulation can contribute to apneas or even life-threatening events. Identifying abnormalities in thermoregulation is particularly important in the first 6 months of life, where autonomic regulation undergoes critical development. Fluctuations in body temperature have ...
Yu Xun X Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN 55812, USA. - - 2009
This paper presents an active noise control system for infant incubators. Experimental results show that global noise reduction can be achieved for infant incubator ANC systems. An audio-integration algorithm is presented to introduce a healthy audio (intrauterine) sound with the ANC system to mask the residual noise and soothe the ...
Azzopardi D D Division of Clinical Sciences, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College, London W12 0NN, UK. - - 2009
This is a phase 4 study of infants registered with the UK TOBY Cooling Register from December 2006 to February 2008. The registry was established on completion of enrolLment to the TOBY randomised trial of treatment with whole body hypothermia following perinatal asphyxia at the end of November 2006. We ...
Konopova P - - 2009
We report a case of a profoundly hypothermic newborn with a core temperature of 25 degrees C with a successful recovery and normal neurological outcome at 3 and 6 months. This term male infant had been exposed to a temperature of -3 degrees C for approximately 30 min. Slow re-warming, ...
Kroth Julia - - 2008
Changes in microcirculation have been recognized as central to many disease processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors, which influence the microcirculation of the skin during the first month of life in premature infants. Red blood cell (RBC) velocity, vessel diameter, and functional small vessel density (FSVD) ...
Ibrahim C P H CP Liverpool Women's Hospital, Crown Street, Liverpool, United - - 2009
Hypothermia at birth is strongly associated with mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Occlusive wrapping of preterm infants during resuscitation, including polythene bags have been shown to prevent hypothermia. To evaluate the effectiveness of the introduction of polythene bags at resuscitation of infants born below 30 weeks gestation in a ...
Corea-Téllez Kira S - - 2008
Phthalates are additives commonly used to convert hard polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins into flexible and workable plastics employed in the production of chewable rubber toys and other soft-plastic products. In theory, phthalates can diffuse in small quantities to the surface of a product, and from there they can enter the ...
Lachenmeier Dirk W - - 2008
A survey of benzene contamination of 451 beverage samples, using headspace sampling combined with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (HS-GC/MS) with a quantification limit of 0.13 microg l(-1), was conducted. Artefactual benzene formation during headspace sampling was excluded by gentle heating at 50 degrees C only and adjustment of sample ...
Bitz Cecilia M - - 2008
Arctic sea ice and snow on land have retreated polewards at an alarming pace in the past few decades. Such retreat locally amplifies surface warming through a positive feedback, which causes the Arctic surface to warm faster than the rest of the globe. In contrast, ice and snow retreat causes ...
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