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Hoque M M - - 2012
Breastfeeding is the fundamental component of child survival strategy. It significantly influences neurological development of children. The study was conducted to asses whether exclusive and prolonged breastfeeding improves children's cognitive development, including low birth weight (LBW) babies, in a developing country setting like Bangladesh. This observational study was done on ...
Liu Lindy - - 2012
We analyzed US multiple cause-of-death data for 2003-2006 for demographic and clinical determinants for autopsy in unexplained deaths possibly resulting from infectious causes. For 96,242 deaths, the definition for unexplained death was met and autopsy status was recorded. Most decedents were male, 40-49 years of age, and white. To identify ...
Harmon Kimberly G KG Department of Family Medicine, 4060 East Stevens Circle, Hall Health Sports Medicine Clinic, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
This study examines sickle cell trait (SCT) as a cause of sudden death in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and explores the cost-effectiveness of different screening models. The authors reviewed the cause of all cases of sudden death in NCAA student-athletes from January 2004 through December 2008. The authors ...
Song Shige - - 2012
The current study examined the long-term trend in sex ratio at birth between 1929 and 1982 using retrospective birth histories of 310 101 Chinese women collected in a large, nationally representative sample survey in 1982. The study identified an abrupt decline in sex ratio at birth between April 1960, over ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2012
To characterize the occurrence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and its association with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. This study involved an evaluation of G6PD data for 2656 newborns from a universal newborn screening program. Mean G6PD activity was 14.2 ± 3.3 U/g Hb. Some 2.71% of the newborns were G6PD-deficient, and 1.77% ...
Sheehy E - - 2012
Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) report a nearly fourfold difference in donor availability as measured by eligible deaths per million population (PMP) based on hospital referrals. We analyzed whether mortality data help explain geographic variation in organ supply as measured by the number of eligible deaths for organ donation. Using the ...
Stichtenoth G - - 2012
The German Neonatal Network (GNN) is a prospective cohort study with the focus on long term development of very-low-birth-weight infants. It was the aim of this study to determine detailed information on causes of mortality in the GNN birth cohort 2010.Major contributors to hospital mortality were recorded by the attending ...
de Laffolie Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:The incidence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is highly variable over time and geographic regions. A decline in IHPS incidence was recently reported in Sweden, the United States, Denmark, and Scotland. In Sweden, the IHPS decline seemed to be concurrent with a declining incidence in sudden infant ...
Lin Ming-Jen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Mothers sero-positive for hepatitis B are slightly more likely to have a son. It is not known whether it is ever having HBV (HBsAg[+]) or currently active HBV (HBeAg[+]) which is associated with having a son. METHOD: Multivariable linear regression was used to assess the adjusted association of HBeAg(+) ...
Grossman Xena - - 2012
Few if any studies have examined weight loss among term newborns by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Perhaps because so few data exist, there is no standard in the United States for normal newborn weight loss. Our objective was to investigate normal newborn weight loss among ...
Fawole A O - - 2012
Maternal mortality in poor countries reflects the under-development in these societies. Global recognition of the burden of maternal mortality and the urgency for a reversal of the trend underpin the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). To determine risk factors for maternal mortality in institutional births in Nigeria. Twenty one health facilities ...
Zhao Yan Y School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, - - 2012
The objective of this study is to assess the association between birth weight and overweight/obesity in adults. The following MeSH terms were used: "birth weight," "obesity," "overweight." Fifteen studies involving a total of 211,457 persons were identified. Low birth weight (<2,500 g), as compared with normal birth weight (2,500-4,000 g), ...
Boulogne Roxane - - 2012
In contrast to the situation in many European countries, the mortality of immigrants in France has been little studied. The main reasons for the lack of studies are based on ethical and ideological considerations. The objective of this study is to explore mortality by country of birth in Metropolitan (i.e. ...
Kubisch H Michael - - 2012
Reproductive and survival records (n=2,913) from 313 Chinese-origin and 365 Indian-derived rhesus macaques at the Tulane National Primate Research Center (TNPRC) spanning three generations were studied. Least-squares analysis of variance procedures were used to compare reproductive and infant survival traits while proportional hazards regression procedures were used to study female ...
Hsu Jui-Sheng - - 2012
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare but usually lethal disease. We report a full-term male neonate who presented with respiratory failure immediately after birth. Chest X-ray revealed a small lung volume despite advanced ventilator support. Respiratory failure persisted and this baby died at 40.5 hours of age. The autopsy showed a ...
- - 2012
Background: Infants with extremely low birth weight uniformly develop anemia of prematurity and frequently require red blood cell transfusions (RBCTs). Although RBCT is widely practiced, the indications remain controversial in the absence of conclusive data on the long-term effects of RBCT. Objectives: To summarize the current equipoise and to outline ...
Mohamed M A - - 2012
Objective:Birth defects are number one cause of death among infants below 1 year of age. The objective is to examine the interaction of sex, race/ethnicity and place of birth on the prevalence of major congenital birth anomalies.Study Design:We analyzed the data sets produced by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project ...
Chang Rui-Jane - - 2012
The incidence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in our hospital has increased since the implementation of breastfeeding promotion. Inadequate breastfeeding results in reduced calorie intake, weight loss and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Supplementary feeding is required if breastfeeding proves inadequate. However, the optimal weight loss cut-off value for supplementary feeding is unknown. We collected ...
de Toledo Aline Martins - - 2012
The authors investigated the influence of additional weight in the reaching behavior of preterm infants. Nine low-risk preterm and 10 full-term infants age 5-7 months participated. A toy was presented in two procedures: (a) baseline and (b) additional weight (bracelet with weight of 20% of the infant's upper limb mass). ...
Bzostek Sharon H - - 2012
This paper examines the prevalence, predictors and outcomes of unmarried mothers' repartnering patterns following a nonmarital birth. Results indicate that, within five years after a birth, approximately two-thirds of unmarried mothers ended their relationship with the focal child's biological father, and over half of these mothers entered new partnerships. Among ...
Torkildsen O - - 2012
Several studies have indicated month of birth as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility and disease progression. We performed a systematic search on PubMed and Medline up to May 2012 using the search string 'multiple sclerosis' and 'month of birth' or 'season of birth'. In addition, congress abstracts ...
Mastrandrea Lucy D - - 2012
We describe how a gender specialist team managed the case of a disorder of sex development in a preterm infant where definitive diagnosis and gender assignment were delayed due to complications of prematurity, anemia, and severe intrauterine growth restriction.
Schuetze Pamela - - 2012
This study explored the possibility that specific, theoretically consistent profiles of reactivity could be identified in a sample of cocaine-exposed infants and whether these profiles were associated with a range of infant and/or maternal characteristics. Cluster analysis was used to identify distinct groups of infants based on physiological, behavioral and ...
Wei Wei - - 2012
Social grooming is a common form of affiliative behavior in primates. Biological market theory suggests that grooming can be traded either for grooming or other social commodities and services. When no other services are exchanged, grooming is predicted to be approximately reciprocated within a dyad. In contrast, the amount of ...
Ngo Anh D - - 2012
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are among the leading causes of mortality in Vietnam. However, mortality data collection systems in Vietnam in general and for RTIs in particular, remain inconsistent and incomplete. Underlying distributions of external causes and body injuries are not available from routine data collection systems or from studies ...
Hama Diallo Abdoulaye - - 2012
Infant mortality rates (IMR) remain high in many sub-Saharan African countries, especially in rural settings where access to health services may be limited. Studies in such communities can provide relevant data on the burden of and risk factors for infant death. We measured IMR and explored risk factors for infant ...
Zeleke Berihun Megabiaw - - 2012
Weight at birth is a good indicator of the newborn's chances for survival, growth, long-term health and psychosocial development. Low birth weight (LBW) babies are significantly at risk of death, contributing to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Hence, this study aims to assess the incidence and ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2012
Intracardiac stent embolization is a challenging complication in a small infant. A Palmaz stent was placed across the atrial septum in a 3-month-old boy to relieve symptoms of right-side heart failure. On routine chest radiography one week later, the stent was found to have embolized into the right ventricle. The ...
White Adrienne L AL Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, PO Box 46, Mae Sot, Tak, 63110, Thailand. - - 2012
Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth is recommended as part of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) baby friendly health initiative to promote optimum breastfeeding. This paper reports rates of breastfeeding initiation and duration in a low resource environment, where early SSC is not practised, and explores views of ...
Merglová Vlasta V Dentistry Department, Medical Faculty, Charles University in Prague, Pilsen, Czech Republic. - - 2012
Congenital epulis is a rare, soft-tissue benign condition that presents at birth. It arises from the alveolar mucosa and occurs more frequently in the maxilla, mainly in the frontal region. This condition may interfere with respiration, feeding or lip closure. Surgical excision is the only possible treatment, although spontaneous regression ...
Randall Brad - - 2011
The 2010 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Since 1997, RICMRC has sought to achieve its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives." For the year 2010, the Committee reviewed ...
Bharati P - - 2011
The aims of the study are (i) to understand inter-zone and interstate variation of low birth weight (LBW) and (ii) to determine the key variables to reduce LBW in India. Using the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data of 2005-06 which showed the percentage distribution of LBW infants, ANOVA ...
Paradisis M - - 2011
Objective:Use of antenatal magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) may reduce cerebral palsy in infants born very preterm. Low systemic blood flow in the first day in very preterm infants has been associated with cerebral injury and adverse motor outcome. The aim was to determine the effect of MgSO(4) on systemic blood flow ...
Naguib Aymen - - 2011
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an acute hypermetabolic crisis triggered in susceptible patients by the administration of succinylcholine or a volatile anesthetic agent. When providing anesthetic care for MH-susceptible agents, a total intravenous anesthetic (TIVA) technique is frequently chosen. When choosing the components for TIVA, several options exist including the combination ...
- - 2011
Body-Mass Index and Mortality among 1.46 Million White Adults Original Article, N Engl J Med 2010;363:2211-2219. In Table 3 (page 2217), some of the values presented were incorrect because of a coding error in the analysis: cerebrovascular deaths were incorrectly included in other causes of death rather than in cardiovascular ...
Rohana Jaafar - - 2011
Background:  Occlusive plastic applied immediately after birth to reduce evaporative heat loss has been proven effective in preterm infants <28 weeks' gestation. However its effectiveness on preterm infants >28 weeks' gestation has not been shown. This study aimed to determine the effect of occlusive wrap at birth on the temperature ...
Armstrong Katey - - 2011
Severe perinatal asphyxia with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy occurs in approximately 1-2/1000 live births and is an important cause of cerebral palsy and associated neurological disabilities in children. Multiorgan dysfunction commonly occurs as part of the asphyxial episode, with cardiovascular dysfunction occurring in up to a third of infants. This narrative ...
Bassareo Pp - - 2011
Abstract Low birth weight, a possible consequence of prematurity at birth or intrauterine growth restriction, has been recently recognized as an emerging risk factor to develop cardiovascular (CV) future adverse events. Our aim was to perform a short review about the studies conducted in order to evaluate the CV risk ...
Wren Christopher - - 2012
Cardiovascular malformations are an important cause of infant death and the major cause of death due to malformation. Our aims were to analyse and categorise all deaths in infants with cardiovascular malformations, and to analyse trends in mortality over time and influences on mortality. We obtained details of infant deaths ...
de Jong Corina - - 2011
Conflicting evidence exists on the effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) formula supplementation on cardiovascular health in term infants. It is known that LCPUFA supplementation does not affect infant growth, but long term outcome data are not available. The current study investigates whether two months LCPUFA formula supplementation affects ...
Nunn L M - - 2011
Sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS) accounts for approximately 500 deaths in England and Wales per year. Clinical screening of the surviving first-degree relatives can identify an inherited cardiovascular condition in up to half of families, permitting lifestyle modification and confirmed effective prophylactic therapies to prevent further sudden deaths. Mechanisms for ...
Dice Jaime L - - 2011
Near the end of the first year of life, infants begin producing referential behaviors that in adults indicate joint attention, or coordinating shared attention to an object with another person. These behaviors have been interpreted in the social cognitive literature as an indication that infants realize they are sharing attention ...
Lin Ming-Chih - - 2011
Interrupted aortic arch is rarely associated with aortopulmonary window. Single stage total correction is the preferred therapeutic option. When total correction is unfeasible, staged repair could be the therapeutic choice. Here we presented a low birth weight infant who underwent bilateral pulmonary arteries banding and stenting ductus arteriosus by hybrid ...
Foreman Shuyuann Wang - - 2011
Continuous real-time brain function monitoring of preterm infants offers a novel way to evaluate neurological development in neonatal intensive care. Direct measurement of brain function is difficult and complicated by vulnerabilities of the preterm infant population. This study illustrates the feasibility of using noninvasive hydrogel electrodes with amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) ...
Collins Carmel T - - 2011
The effect of the dietary n-3 long-chain PUFA, DHA (22 : 6n-3), on the growth of pre-term infants is controversial. We tested the effect of higher-dose DHA (approximately 1 % dietary fatty acids) on the growth of pre-term infants to 18 months corrected age compared with standard feeding practice (0·2-0·3 % DHA) in a ...
Andres Virginie - - 2011
The death or near death of a presumably healthy newborn in the delivery room is uncommon. We report here 6 cases of apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) in the delivery room during the first 2 hours of life. In each case, the incident occurred in a healthy infant who was in ...
Stamatas Georgios N - - 2011
The presence of irritants from feces and urine with the concurrent mechanical friction and occlusion creates an environment in the diapered area that renders the skin prone to diaper dermatitis. Besides being a source of discomfort to the infant, these skin irritations pose a risk of secondary infections. In this ...
Kim Sang-Dae - - 2011
There is still debate over which method of the surgery is the most appropriate for the treatment of scaphocephalic infants. In addition, change in psychomotor development following these procedures is a very complex issue that has not yet been resolved. In this paper, the authors describe a surgical technique for ...
Flacking Renée R School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2011
To investigate the use of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) and its association with breastfeeding at 1 to 6 months of corrected age in mothers of very preterm (VPT) and preterm (PT) infants. Prospective longitudinal study. Neonatal Intensive Care Units in four counties in Sweden. The study included 103 VPT (< ...
Slaughter Virginia - - 2011
We used a preferential looking paradigm to evaluate infants' preferences for correct versus incorrect counting. Infants viewed a video depicting six fish. In the correct counting sequence, a hand pointed to each fish in turn, accompanied by verbal counting up to six. In the incorrect counting sequence, the hand moved ...
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