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Results 151 - 200 of 887
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Kubisch H Michael - - 2012
Reproductive and survival records (n=2,913) from 313 Chinese-origin and 365 Indian-derived rhesus macaques at the Tulane National Primate Research Center (TNPRC) spanning three generations were studied. Least-squares analysis of variance procedures were used to compare reproductive and infant survival traits while proportional hazards regression procedures were used to study female ...
Hsu Jui-Sheng - - 2012
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare but usually lethal disease. We report a full-term male neonate who presented with respiratory failure immediately after birth. Chest X-ray revealed a small lung volume despite advanced ventilator support. Respiratory failure persisted and this baby died at 40.5 hours of age. The autopsy showed a ...
- - 2012
Background: Infants with extremely low birth weight uniformly develop anemia of prematurity and frequently require red blood cell transfusions (RBCTs). Although RBCT is widely practiced, the indications remain controversial in the absence of conclusive data on the long-term effects of RBCT. Objectives: To summarize the current equipoise and to outline ...
Mohamed M A - - 2012
Objective:Birth defects are number one cause of death among infants below 1 year of age. The objective is to examine the interaction of sex, race/ethnicity and place of birth on the prevalence of major congenital birth anomalies.Study Design:We analyzed the data sets produced by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project ...
Chang Rui-Jane - - 2012
The incidence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in our hospital has increased since the implementation of breastfeeding promotion. Inadequate breastfeeding results in reduced calorie intake, weight loss and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Supplementary feeding is required if breastfeeding proves inadequate. However, the optimal weight loss cut-off value for supplementary feeding is unknown. We collected ...
de Toledo Aline Martins - - 2012
The authors investigated the influence of additional weight in the reaching behavior of preterm infants. Nine low-risk preterm and 10 full-term infants age 5-7 months participated. A toy was presented in two procedures: (a) baseline and (b) additional weight (bracelet with weight of 20% of the infant's upper limb mass). ...
Bzostek Sharon H - - 2012
This paper examines the prevalence, predictors and outcomes of unmarried mothers' repartnering patterns following a nonmarital birth. Results indicate that, within five years after a birth, approximately two-thirds of unmarried mothers ended their relationship with the focal child's biological father, and over half of these mothers entered new partnerships. Among ...
Torkildsen O - - 2012
Several studies have indicated month of birth as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility and disease progression. We performed a systematic search on PubMed and Medline up to May 2012 using the search string 'multiple sclerosis' and 'month of birth' or 'season of birth'. In addition, congress abstracts ...
Mastrandrea Lucy D - - 2012
We describe how a gender specialist team managed the case of a disorder of sex development in a preterm infant where definitive diagnosis and gender assignment were delayed due to complications of prematurity, anemia, and severe intrauterine growth restriction.
Schuetze Pamela - - 2012
This study explored the possibility that specific, theoretically consistent profiles of reactivity could be identified in a sample of cocaine-exposed infants and whether these profiles were associated with a range of infant and/or maternal characteristics. Cluster analysis was used to identify distinct groups of infants based on physiological, behavioral and ...
Wei Wei - - 2012
Social grooming is a common form of affiliative behavior in primates. Biological market theory suggests that grooming can be traded either for grooming or other social commodities and services. When no other services are exchanged, grooming is predicted to be approximately reciprocated within a dyad. In contrast, the amount of ...
Ngo Anh D - - 2012
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are among the leading causes of mortality in Vietnam. However, mortality data collection systems in Vietnam in general and for RTIs in particular, remain inconsistent and incomplete. Underlying distributions of external causes and body injuries are not available from routine data collection systems or from studies ...
Hama Diallo Abdoulaye - - 2012
Infant mortality rates (IMR) remain high in many sub-Saharan African countries, especially in rural settings where access to health services may be limited. Studies in such communities can provide relevant data on the burden of and risk factors for infant death. We measured IMR and explored risk factors for infant ...
Zeleke Berihun Megabiaw - - 2012
Weight at birth is a good indicator of the newborn's chances for survival, growth, long-term health and psychosocial development. Low birth weight (LBW) babies are significantly at risk of death, contributing to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Hence, this study aims to assess the incidence and ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2012
Intracardiac stent embolization is a challenging complication in a small infant. A Palmaz stent was placed across the atrial septum in a 3-month-old boy to relieve symptoms of right-side heart failure. On routine chest radiography one week later, the stent was found to have embolized into the right ventricle. The ...
White Adrienne L AL Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, PO Box 46, Mae Sot, Tak, 63110, Thailand. - - 2012
Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth is recommended as part of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) baby friendly health initiative to promote optimum breastfeeding. This paper reports rates of breastfeeding initiation and duration in a low resource environment, where early SSC is not practised, and explores views of ...
Merglová Vlasta V Dentistry Department, Medical Faculty, Charles University in Prague, Pilsen, Czech Republic. - - 2012
Congenital epulis is a rare, soft-tissue benign condition that presents at birth. It arises from the alveolar mucosa and occurs more frequently in the maxilla, mainly in the frontal region. This condition may interfere with respiration, feeding or lip closure. Surgical excision is the only possible treatment, although spontaneous regression ...
Randall Brad - - 2011
The 2010 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Since 1997, RICMRC has sought to achieve its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives." For the year 2010, the Committee reviewed ...
Bharati P - - 2011
The aims of the study are (i) to understand inter-zone and interstate variation of low birth weight (LBW) and (ii) to determine the key variables to reduce LBW in India. Using the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data of 2005-06 which showed the percentage distribution of LBW infants, ANOVA ...
Paradisis M - - 2011
Objective:Use of antenatal magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) may reduce cerebral palsy in infants born very preterm. Low systemic blood flow in the first day in very preterm infants has been associated with cerebral injury and adverse motor outcome. The aim was to determine the effect of MgSO(4) on systemic blood flow ...
Naguib Aymen - - 2011
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an acute hypermetabolic crisis triggered in susceptible patients by the administration of succinylcholine or a volatile anesthetic agent. When providing anesthetic care for MH-susceptible agents, a total intravenous anesthetic (TIVA) technique is frequently chosen. When choosing the components for TIVA, several options exist including the combination ...
- - 2011
Body-Mass Index and Mortality among 1.46 Million White Adults Original Article, N Engl J Med 2010;363:2211-2219. In Table 3 (page 2217), some of the values presented were incorrect because of a coding error in the analysis: cerebrovascular deaths were incorrectly included in other causes of death rather than in cardiovascular ...
Rohana Jaafar - - 2011
Background:  Occlusive plastic applied immediately after birth to reduce evaporative heat loss has been proven effective in preterm infants <28 weeks' gestation. However its effectiveness on preterm infants >28 weeks' gestation has not been shown. This study aimed to determine the effect of occlusive wrap at birth on the temperature ...
Armstrong Katey - - 2011
Severe perinatal asphyxia with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy occurs in approximately 1-2/1000 live births and is an important cause of cerebral palsy and associated neurological disabilities in children. Multiorgan dysfunction commonly occurs as part of the asphyxial episode, with cardiovascular dysfunction occurring in up to a third of infants. This narrative ...
Bassareo Pp - - 2011
Abstract Low birth weight, a possible consequence of prematurity at birth or intrauterine growth restriction, has been recently recognized as an emerging risk factor to develop cardiovascular (CV) future adverse events. Our aim was to perform a short review about the studies conducted in order to evaluate the CV risk ...
Wren Christopher - - 2012
Cardiovascular malformations are an important cause of infant death and the major cause of death due to malformation. Our aims were to analyse and categorise all deaths in infants with cardiovascular malformations, and to analyse trends in mortality over time and influences on mortality. We obtained details of infant deaths ...
de Jong Corina - - 2011
Conflicting evidence exists on the effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) formula supplementation on cardiovascular health in term infants. It is known that LCPUFA supplementation does not affect infant growth, but long term outcome data are not available. The current study investigates whether two months LCPUFA formula supplementation affects ...
Nunn L M - - 2011
Sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS) accounts for approximately 500 deaths in England and Wales per year. Clinical screening of the surviving first-degree relatives can identify an inherited cardiovascular condition in up to half of families, permitting lifestyle modification and confirmed effective prophylactic therapies to prevent further sudden deaths. Mechanisms for ...
Dice Jaime L - - 2011
Near the end of the first year of life, infants begin producing referential behaviors that in adults indicate joint attention, or coordinating shared attention to an object with another person. These behaviors have been interpreted in the social cognitive literature as an indication that infants realize they are sharing attention ...
Lin Ming-Chih - - 2011
Interrupted aortic arch is rarely associated with aortopulmonary window. Single stage total correction is the preferred therapeutic option. When total correction is unfeasible, staged repair could be the therapeutic choice. Here we presented a low birth weight infant who underwent bilateral pulmonary arteries banding and stenting ductus arteriosus by hybrid ...
Foreman Shuyuann Wang - - 2011
Continuous real-time brain function monitoring of preterm infants offers a novel way to evaluate neurological development in neonatal intensive care. Direct measurement of brain function is difficult and complicated by vulnerabilities of the preterm infant population. This study illustrates the feasibility of using noninvasive hydrogel electrodes with amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) ...
Collins Carmel T - - 2011
The effect of the dietary n-3 long-chain PUFA, DHA (22 : 6n-3), on the growth of pre-term infants is controversial. We tested the effect of higher-dose DHA (approximately 1 % dietary fatty acids) on the growth of pre-term infants to 18 months corrected age compared with standard feeding practice (0·2-0·3 % DHA) in a ...
Andres Virginie - - 2011
The death or near death of a presumably healthy newborn in the delivery room is uncommon. We report here 6 cases of apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) in the delivery room during the first 2 hours of life. In each case, the incident occurred in a healthy infant who was in ...
Stamatas Georgios N - - 2011
The presence of irritants from feces and urine with the concurrent mechanical friction and occlusion creates an environment in the diapered area that renders the skin prone to diaper dermatitis. Besides being a source of discomfort to the infant, these skin irritations pose a risk of secondary infections. In this ...
Kim Sang-Dae - - 2011
There is still debate over which method of the surgery is the most appropriate for the treatment of scaphocephalic infants. In addition, change in psychomotor development following these procedures is a very complex issue that has not yet been resolved. In this paper, the authors describe a surgical technique for ...
Flacking Renée R School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2011
To investigate the use of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) and its association with breastfeeding at 1 to 6 months of corrected age in mothers of very preterm (VPT) and preterm (PT) infants. Prospective longitudinal study. Neonatal Intensive Care Units in four counties in Sweden. The study included 103 VPT (< ...
Slaughter Virginia - - 2011
We used a preferential looking paradigm to evaluate infants' preferences for correct versus incorrect counting. Infants viewed a video depicting six fish. In the correct counting sequence, a hand pointed to each fish in turn, accompanied by verbal counting up to six. In the incorrect counting sequence, the hand moved ...
Carter Melissa T - - 2011
We present two unrelated male infants with strikingly similar clinical features which have not previously been reported together. The most unusual feature was the presence of multiple small capillary malformations (port-wine stains) on the skin from birth. Both infants had intractable seizures, microcephaly with progressive cortical atrophy, severe developmental delay, ...
Grönqvist Helena - - 2011
Reaching strategies and kinematics for a group of very preterm infants were investigated and compared with a group of full-term infants when reaching for a moving object. Eight-month-old (corrected-age) infants were presented with small toys moving on a semicircular path in the vertical plane. The trajectories of the target and ...
Wilkinson David J - - 2011
PURPOSE: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a common condition of infancy, often presenting with marked biochemical derangement, requiring correction. Previous studies have looked at the relationship between serum electrolytes and acid-base balance in HPS but not at the relationship between the degree of biochemical derangement and time taken to resolve ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2011
Aim:  The present study examined the effects of maternal anxiety during infant hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on the child's cognitive and behavioural development at 24 months corrected age. Parental anxiety following the birth of a very low birthweight (VLBW, <1500 g) infant may impede their capacity to be ...
Takahashi Yuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are few studies that compare the physiological and biological efficacies between different early skin-to-skin contacts (SSC) post birth. AIM: To investigate physiologically and biochemically how early SSC with different initiation and duration time influence the stress post birth for full-term infants. STUDY DESIGN: Non-experimental study. SUBJECTS: Study I; ...
Hazuku Tomonobu - - 2011
We present two patients who developed severe protrusion of the conjunctiva and chemosis secondary to Harlequin ichthyosis (HI). Case 1 was a male infant diagnosed with HI who had parchment-like appearance and conjunctival protrusion with severe chemosis. Case 2 was a female infant on whom HI had been suspected before ...
Khosrokhavar Roya R Food and Drug Laboratory Research center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran. ; Food and Drug Control Laboratories, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2011
Determination of drug residues in food is of great importance due to their toxicity. Long-term exposure with low level of drug residues could be important, especially in children. Based on document study, oxytetracycline )OTC) is a prophylaxis and treatment agent for great number of diseases and possesses a broad spectrum ...
Hintz Susan R - - 2011
We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 22 months' corrected age of infants born with extremely low birth weight at an estimated gestational age of <25 weeks during 2 periods: 1999-2001 (epoch 1) and 2002-2004 (epoch 2). We conducted a multicenter, retrospective analysis of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute ...
Korakaki Eftichia - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of antenatally administered glucocorticoids on bone status of preterm infants at 1 year corrected age. The study population consisted of 32 preterm infants with a gestational age of 24-34 weeks. The infants were divided into two groups according to antenatal exposure to ...
Smith Michael G - - 2010
This paper examines racial differences in trends and predictors of prone and lateral infant sleep positioning among South Carolina mothers and infants. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System data were used to analyze linear trends in prone, lateral, and supine infant sleep positioning among 14,648 mother-infant pairs from 1996 to 2007. ...
Baartmans M G A - - 2010
Background: Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is a rare toxin-mediated skin disease caused by Staphylococcus aureus and seen in infants and children younger than 5 years. Objectives: The supportive role of skin substitutes in SSSS is stressed as a new and relatively unknown method. Methods: Retrospective observational case-series study, in ...
Neubauer Vera - - 2011
Congenital varicella syndrome (CVS) is a rare but deleterious consequence of primary varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection during pregnancy. Typical CVS stigmata are cerebral abnormalities, eye diseases and segmentally distributed, cicatricial skin lesions. In this paper the authors report on a male preterm infant, born at 30 weeks of gestation, ...
Nermes M - - 2011
Cite this as: M. Nermes, J. M. Kantele, T. J. Atosuo, S. Salminen and E. Isolauri, Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2011 (41) 370-377. SUMMARY: Background The intestinal mucosa functions as a defence barrier against gut intraluminar antigens. The maturational events in the gut parallel its step-wise colonization. Atopic dermatitis (AD) ...
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