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Results 101 - 150 of 877
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Lippmann John M JM Divers Alert Network Asia-Pacific, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2012
To examine the frequency and causes of snorkelling-related deaths in Australia. We conducted a retrospective analysis of snorkelling-related deaths recorded in Australia from 1994 to 2006 inclusive, based on information from the Divers Alert Network Asia-Pacific database, the National Coroners Information System, coronial files from all states and territories, and ...
Morita Tomoyo - - 2012
This study investigated how infants perceive and interpret human body movement. We recorded the eye movements and pupil sizes of 9- and 12-month-old infants and of adults (N=14 per group) as they observed animation clips of biomechanically possible and impossible arm movements performed by a human and by a humanoid ...
Guzman Maria Luisa - - 2012
Chromosome 22q11 microdeletion syndrome has a wide range of clinical manifestations including congenital heart malformations, palatal defects, endocrine abnormalities, immunologic deficits, learning difficulties, and an increased predisposition to psychiatric disease. Short stature and poor weight gain in infancy are common findings and are usually seen in the absence of hormone ...
Carbery Baevin - - 2012
Physicians may be called upon to counsel male patients or parents of newborn males regarding their decision to circumcise their newborn sons. The purpose of the present study was to describe physicians who do not understand the benefits and risks associated with male circumcision well enough to counsel parents of ...
Wu Carolyn C Department of Ophthalmology, Children’s Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave, Fegan 4, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To assess WINROP (https://winrop.com), an algorithm using postnatal weight measurements, as a tool for the prediction of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a large geographically and racially diverse study population. WINROP analysis was performed retrospectively on conventionally at-risk infants from 10 neonatal intensive careunits.Weight measurements were entered into WINROP, which ...
Profit Jochen J Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2013
To measure the influence of varying mortality time frames on performance rankings among regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in a large state. We performed a cross-sectional data analysis of very low birth weight infants receiving care at 24 level 3 NICUs. We tested the effect of 4 definitions of ...
Li Mingyan M Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, - - 2013
Some studies find delayed development of the auditory brainstem in preterm infants, but others do not. To compare auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) in healthy preterm and term infants depending on sex and gestational age (GA). Participants were 111 preterm (27-36weeks GA) and 92 term (37-41weeks GA) infants. ABR tests were ...
Burke James F - - 2012
Stroke has fallen from the second to the fourth leading cause of death in the United States without large declines in stroke incidence or case fatality. We explored whether this decline may be attributable to changes in mortality attribution methodology. Multicause mortality files from 2000 to 2008 were used to ...
Choudhary Ekta - - 2012
Introduction The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) implemented an active mortality surveillance system to enumerate and characterize hurricane-related deaths during Hurricane Ike in 2008. This surveillance system used established guidelines and case definitions to categorize deaths as directly, indirectly, and possibly related to Hurricane Ike. OBJECTIVE: The objective ...
Simon Laure - - 2012
To determine the effects of length of gestation and sex on infant body composition, air displacement plethysmography was performed in forty-six full-term neonates at 3 d of life and during the week prior to hospital discharge in 180 preterm neonates. Fat mass, as a percentage of body weight, was higher in ...
Moriichi A - - 2012
Objective:To determine whether B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and amniotic fluid (AF) are correlated with birth-weight discordances in monochorionic-diamniotic twins.Study Design:The UCB-BNP and AF-BNP levels were determined at birth in 36 twin-pairs without twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).Result:Both the UCB-BNP and the AF-BNP levels were significantly ...
James William H - - 2012
Human sex ratios at birth simultaneously show both significant variation with a number of variables, and striking stability across time. Hypotheses on these features are discussed here.
Ma Jing-Qiu - - 2012
AIM: This study aimed to explore the relationship between infant feeding practices and growth outcomes in the first 12months of life. DESIGN: Investigators completed 262 questionnaires, which included infant feeding patterns, feeding environment, feeding beliefs/attitudes and caregivers' feeding behaviors through on-site face-to-face interviews with the main caregivers of infants at ...
Knowles Rachel L RL UCL Institute of Child Health, MRC Centre for Epidemiology of Child Health, London, UK. - - 2012
Technological advances in surgery, intensive care and medical support have led to substantial decrease in mortality for children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) over the last 50 years. Using routinely-collected mortality and population data for England and Wales from 1959 to 2009, the authors investigated age, period and birth cohort ...
Penninckx B - - 2012
Toxic death is defined as study treatment-related mortality and as such is considered as an iatrogenic death. This belongs to unnatural death where an autopsy is advised. Until now, conventional autopsy is the gold standard to discriminate between pre- and post-mortem discrepancies. The consequences of lack of systematically performing an ...
Ajdacic-Gross Vladeta - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the relation between the day of death and the day of birth. To determine whether the "death postponement" hypothesis or the "anniversary reaction" hypothesis is more appropriate. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Swiss mortality statistics 1969-2008. Deaths below the age of 1 were excluded from the ...
Anzures Gizelle - - 2012
Perceptual narrowing in the visual, auditory, and multisensory domains has its developmental origins during infancy. The current study shows that experimentally induced experience can reverse the effects of perceptual narrowing on infants' visual recognition memory of other-race faces. Caucasian 8- to 10-month-olds who could not discriminate between novel and familiarized ...
Horbar Jeffrey D - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To identify changes in mortality and neonatal morbidities for infants with birth weight 501 to 1500 g born from 2000 to 2009.METHODS:There were 355 806 infants weighing 501 to 1500 g who were born in 2000-2009. Mortality during initial hospitalization and major neonatal morbidity in survivors (early and late infection, chronic ...
Gazibara Tatjana - - 2012
The population of the Republic of Serbia has been exposed to radical changes in living standards and employment status and inequalities in utilization of health-care services. Given that infant mortality rates (IMR) reflect general community health, we evaluated the trends and mortality structure of Belgrade's infant population for a 15-year ...
Davanzo Riccardo - - 2012
Background: Neonatal weight loss is universally recognized, yet poorly understood. Limited professional consensus exists on the definition of lower limit of safe weight loss.Objective: Our aim was to assess the extent of neonatal weight loss and its association with selected clinical variables in a population of healthy term infants cared ...
Berlit Sebastian - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate the influence of gender in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) on survival and to assess the necessity of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy. All parturients with newborns suffering from CDH were included. A total of 425 infants with CDH were analyzed. The primary outcome parameters evaluated ...
Chen XiaFang X Department of Pediatrics, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2012
The objective was to elucidate the relationships between serum concentrations of the gut hormone peptide YY (PYY) and ghrelin and growth development in infants for potential application to the clinical observation index. Serum concentrations of PYY and ghrelin were measured using radioimmunoassay from samples collected at the clinic. For each ...
Hehir David A - - 2012
After stage 1 palliation (S1P) with a Norwood operation, infants commonly experience growth failure during the initial interstage period. Growth failure during this high-risk period is associated with worse outcomes. This study evaluated the growth patterns of patients enrolled in the authors' interstage home-monitoring program (HMP), which uses a multidisciplinary ...
Roberts Sebastian Ea - - 2012
Aim:  Cardiomyopathy, a group of primary myocardial disorders, is an uncommon, but important, cause of death in childhood. This study examines the demographic, clinical and pathological features of fatal cardiomyopathy in childhood with particular reference to its classification and autopsy findings. Method:  The method of this study was a retrospective ...
Caudle Susan E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate whether male and female infants with biliary atresia differ cognitively and to confirm previously documented developmental lags in infants with biliary atresia prior to liver transplantation. METHODS:: With the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), we examined 21 female and 12 male infants (ages 3 - 20 ...
Ray Joel G - - 2012
There has been much discussion about whether female feticide occurs in certain immigrant groups in Canada. We examined data on live births in Ontario and compared sex ratios in different groups according to the mother's country or region of birth and parity. We completed a population-based study of 766,688 singleton ...
Garba I D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and type of female genital mutilation (FGM) among female infants, reasons and attitude of the mothers to the practice. DESIGN: A cross sectional descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary centre in Kano Northern Nigeria. METHOD: A Pretested questionnaire was administered for mothers of female infants presenting for ...
Hoque M M - - 2012
Breastfeeding is the fundamental component of child survival strategy. It significantly influences neurological development of children. The study was conducted to asses whether exclusive and prolonged breastfeeding improves children's cognitive development, including low birth weight (LBW) babies, in a developing country setting like Bangladesh. This observational study was done on ...
Liu Lindy - - 2012
We analyzed US multiple cause-of-death data for 2003-2006 for demographic and clinical determinants for autopsy in unexplained deaths possibly resulting from infectious causes. For 96,242 deaths, the definition for unexplained death was met and autopsy status was recorded. Most decedents were male, 40-49 years of age, and white. To identify ...
Harmon Kimberly G KG Department of Family Medicine, 4060 East Stevens Circle, Hall Health Sports Medicine Clinic, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
This study examines sickle cell trait (SCT) as a cause of sudden death in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and explores the cost-effectiveness of different screening models. The authors reviewed the cause of all cases of sudden death in NCAA student-athletes from January 2004 through December 2008. The authors ...
Song Shige - - 2012
The current study examined the long-term trend in sex ratio at birth between 1929 and 1982 using retrospective birth histories of 310 101 Chinese women collected in a large, nationally representative sample survey in 1982. The study identified an abrupt decline in sex ratio at birth between April 1960, over ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2012
To characterize the occurrence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and its association with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. This study involved an evaluation of G6PD data for 2656 newborns from a universal newborn screening program. Mean G6PD activity was 14.2 ± 3.3 U/g Hb. Some 2.71% of the newborns were G6PD-deficient, and 1.77% ...
Sheehy E - - 2012
Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) report a nearly fourfold difference in donor availability as measured by eligible deaths per million population (PMP) based on hospital referrals. We analyzed whether mortality data help explain geographic variation in organ supply as measured by the number of eligible deaths for organ donation. Using the ...
Stichtenoth G - - 2012
The German Neonatal Network (GNN) is a prospective cohort study with the focus on long term development of very-low-birth-weight infants. It was the aim of this study to determine detailed information on causes of mortality in the GNN birth cohort 2010.Major contributors to hospital mortality were recorded by the attending ...
de Laffolie Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:The incidence of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is highly variable over time and geographic regions. A decline in IHPS incidence was recently reported in Sweden, the United States, Denmark, and Scotland. In Sweden, the IHPS decline seemed to be concurrent with a declining incidence in sudden infant ...
Lin Ming-Jen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Mothers sero-positive for hepatitis B are slightly more likely to have a son. It is not known whether it is ever having HBV (HBsAg[+]) or currently active HBV (HBeAg[+]) which is associated with having a son. METHOD: Multivariable linear regression was used to assess the adjusted association of HBeAg(+) ...
Grossman Xena - - 2012
Few if any studies have examined weight loss among term newborns by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Perhaps because so few data exist, there is no standard in the United States for normal newborn weight loss. Our objective was to investigate normal newborn weight loss among ...
Fawole A O - - 2012
Maternal mortality in poor countries reflects the under-development in these societies. Global recognition of the burden of maternal mortality and the urgency for a reversal of the trend underpin the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). To determine risk factors for maternal mortality in institutional births in Nigeria. Twenty one health facilities ...
Zhao Yan Y School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, - - 2012
The objective of this study is to assess the association between birth weight and overweight/obesity in adults. The following MeSH terms were used: "birth weight," "obesity," "overweight." Fifteen studies involving a total of 211,457 persons were identified. Low birth weight (<2,500 g), as compared with normal birth weight (2,500-4,000 g), ...
Boulogne Roxane - - 2012
In contrast to the situation in many European countries, the mortality of immigrants in France has been little studied. The main reasons for the lack of studies are based on ethical and ideological considerations. The objective of this study is to explore mortality by country of birth in Metropolitan (i.e. ...
Kubisch H Michael - - 2012
Reproductive and survival records (n=2,913) from 313 Chinese-origin and 365 Indian-derived rhesus macaques at the Tulane National Primate Research Center (TNPRC) spanning three generations were studied. Least-squares analysis of variance procedures were used to compare reproductive and infant survival traits while proportional hazards regression procedures were used to study female ...
Hsu Jui-Sheng - - 2012
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare but usually lethal disease. We report a full-term male neonate who presented with respiratory failure immediately after birth. Chest X-ray revealed a small lung volume despite advanced ventilator support. Respiratory failure persisted and this baby died at 40.5 hours of age. The autopsy showed a ...
- - 2012
Background: Infants with extremely low birth weight uniformly develop anemia of prematurity and frequently require red blood cell transfusions (RBCTs). Although RBCT is widely practiced, the indications remain controversial in the absence of conclusive data on the long-term effects of RBCT. Objectives: To summarize the current equipoise and to outline ...
Mohamed M A - - 2012
Objective:Birth defects are number one cause of death among infants below 1 year of age. The objective is to examine the interaction of sex, race/ethnicity and place of birth on the prevalence of major congenital birth anomalies.Study Design:We analyzed the data sets produced by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project ...
Chang Rui-Jane - - 2012
The incidence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in our hospital has increased since the implementation of breastfeeding promotion. Inadequate breastfeeding results in reduced calorie intake, weight loss and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Supplementary feeding is required if breastfeeding proves inadequate. However, the optimal weight loss cut-off value for supplementary feeding is unknown. We collected ...
de Toledo Aline Martins - - 2012
The authors investigated the influence of additional weight in the reaching behavior of preterm infants. Nine low-risk preterm and 10 full-term infants age 5-7 months participated. A toy was presented in two procedures: (a) baseline and (b) additional weight (bracelet with weight of 20% of the infant's upper limb mass). ...
Bzostek Sharon H - - 2012
This paper examines the prevalence, predictors and outcomes of unmarried mothers' repartnering patterns following a nonmarital birth. Results indicate that, within five years after a birth, approximately two-thirds of unmarried mothers ended their relationship with the focal child's biological father, and over half of these mothers entered new partnerships. Among ...
Torkildsen O - - 2012
Several studies have indicated month of birth as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility and disease progression. We performed a systematic search on PubMed and Medline up to May 2012 using the search string 'multiple sclerosis' and 'month of birth' or 'season of birth'. In addition, congress abstracts ...
Mastrandrea Lucy D - - 2012
We describe how a gender specialist team managed the case of a disorder of sex development in a preterm infant where definitive diagnosis and gender assignment were delayed due to complications of prematurity, anemia, and severe intrauterine growth restriction.
Schuetze Pamela - - 2012
This study explored the possibility that specific, theoretically consistent profiles of reactivity could be identified in a sample of cocaine-exposed infants and whether these profiles were associated with a range of infant and/or maternal characteristics. Cluster analysis was used to identify distinct groups of infants based on physiological, behavioral and ...
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