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Results 101 - 150 of 897
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Wani Vivek B - - 2013
The purpose was to report the structural, visual, and refractive outcomes of infants treated for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with laser and to identify the risk factors for unfavorable outcomes. The charts of infants with severe ROP treated by diode laser in a tertiary center during the period April 1999 ...
Klenovics Kristína Simon - - 2013
Infant formula-feeding is associated with reduced insulin sensitivity. In rodents and healthy humans, advanced glycation end product (AGE)-rich diets exert diabetogenic effects. In comparison with human breast-milk, infant formulas contain high amounts of AGEs. We assessed the role of AGEs in infant-formula-consumption-associated insulin resistance. Total plasma levels of N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), ...
Zhang Qianshen - - 2013
Objective. To review experience of the transport and stabilization of infants with CDH who were treated with high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV). Study Design. Retrospective chart review was performed of infants with antenatal diagnosis of CDH born between 2004 and 2009, at Mount Sinai Hospital Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Detailed information ...
Siyah Bilgin Betul - - 2013
Objective. To investigate the relationship of delivery type, maternal anesthesia, feeding modalities, and first feeding and meconium passage times with early bilirubin levels of healthy infants. Methods. Cord, 24 hours' and 48 hours' total bilirubin levels were measured in 388 study infants. Results. Infants born with cesarean section were fed ...
Kusuda Satoshi S Department of Neonatal Medicine, Maternal and Perinatal Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2013
To determine the feasibility of clinical trials of newly developed treatments or standardisation of existing practices to further improve outcomes among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, a nationwide database was analysed with a two-dimensional approach using two multivariate logistic models. Retrospective observational analysis. Level III perinatal centres in Japan. ...
Kozuki Naoko - - 2013
This study used data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to examine the impact of high parity on under-five and neonatal mortality. The analyses used various techniques to attempt eliminating selection issues, including stratification of analyses by mothers' completed fertility. We analyzed DHS datasets from 47 low- and middle-income ...
Sukla Krishna Kishore KK Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
Indian subcontinent has the highest child mortality rates along with a very high frequency of low birthweight (LBW). Folate and vitamin B12 (Vit-B12) are necessary during foetal development and their deficiency prevalence in Indians is very high. The objective of the present paper is to assess whether foetal homocysteine (Hcy)/folate ...
Hegazi Moustafa Abdelaal - - 2012
In this study, Entamoeba histolytica had high prevalence and unusual presentation by affecting high proportion of infants under 1 year; severe clinical manifestations, and laboratory findings that were known to be usually encountered in invasive amebiasis as significant leukocytosis for age, neutrophilic leukocytosis for age, and positive C-reactive protein were ...
Atwell Kerryn - - 2012
AIM: To determine the effect of neonatal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation in preterm infants on later respiratory-related hospitalisations. METHODS: We enrolled 657 infants in a multicentre, randomised, controlled trial designed to study the long-term efficacy of higher dose dietary DHA in infants born <33 weeks' gestation. Treatment was with high ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate use of combination neonatal prophylaxis (CNP) in infants at high risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV in Europe and investigate whether CNP is more effective in preventing MTCT than single drug neonatal prophylaxis (SNP). DESIGN:: Individual patient-data meta-analysis across 8 observational studies. METHODS:: Factors associated with ...
Paximadis M - - 2013
Two CCL3 haplotypes (HapA1 and Hap-A3) and two polymorphic positions shared by the haplotypes (Hap-2SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism)) were investigated together with CCL3L copy number (CN), for their role in HIV-1 disease. Hap-A1 was associated with protection from in utero HIV-1 infection: exposed uninfected (EU) infants had higher representation of ...
Bell Aleeca F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prefeeding cues are oral-motor neurobehaviors that communicate feeding readiness, and the ability to self-comfort and regulate behavioral state. Intrapartum and newborn procedures have been associated with altered frequency and emergence of prefeeding cues soon after birth. Intrapartum synthetic oxytocin is commonly used for labor induction/augmentation in the US, yet ...
Kwiterovich Peter O - - 2013
Lipoprotein subfractions in infants may predict the risk of cardiovascular disease factors in children. To examine the relationships between lipid and nonlipid factors and lipoprotein subfractions in infants at birth and follow-up (FU) and in their parents. Prospective study in a community-based hospital of 103 families ascertained through a pregnant ...
Pandey V - - 2012
Dural sinus malformation occasionally results in the development of giant venous lakes involving torcular herophili. Such dilatation can result in the formation of a massive venous thrombus leading to ventriculomegaly/hydrocephalus. Although, majority of patients have an unremarkable clinical course owing to spontaneous resolution of the thrombus, significant morbidity and mortality ...
Sant'anna G M - - 2012
Protracted mechanical ventilation is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in preterm infants and thus the earliest possible weaning from mechanical ventilation is desirable. Weaning protocols may be helpful in achieving more rapid reduction in support. There is no clear consensus regarding the level of support at which an infant ...
Walker Karen - - 2012
Early detection of neurodevelopmental delay and appropriate intervention has been associated with improved academic and social outcomes. Identifying those who are at high risk and might benefit is not straightforward. Approximately 2% of infants are admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit after birth and these babies are known to ...
Finkelstein Yaron - - 2012
Infant and toddler poisonings are important to capture and may be challenging to manage. We aim to describe the Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC) Case Registry as a tool for toxico-surveillance of this problem in the United States. Using the ToxIC Case Registry database of the American College of Medical Toxicology, ...
Ishak Noreen - - 2012
Male preterm infants are at greater risk of respiratory morbidity and mortality than females but mechanisms are poorly understood. Our objective was to identify the basis for the "male disadvantage" following preterm birth using an ovine model of preterm birth in which survival of females is greater than males. At ...
Ajeet Saoji - - 2012
High caesarean birth rates present an issue of international public health concern. We explore the prevalence and sociodemographic maternal factors associated with cesarean-section births among 272 mothers with children under 5 years old in an urban community of central India. In this population-based, cross-sectional study, we learned that the prevalence ...
Lippmann John M JM Divers Alert Network Asia-Pacific, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2012
To examine the frequency and causes of snorkelling-related deaths in Australia. We conducted a retrospective analysis of snorkelling-related deaths recorded in Australia from 1994 to 2006 inclusive, based on information from the Divers Alert Network Asia-Pacific database, the National Coroners Information System, coronial files from all states and territories, and ...
Morita Tomoyo - - 2012
This study investigated how infants perceive and interpret human body movement. We recorded the eye movements and pupil sizes of 9- and 12-month-old infants and of adults (N=14 per group) as they observed animation clips of biomechanically possible and impossible arm movements performed by a human and by a humanoid ...
Guzman Maria Luisa - - 2012
Chromosome 22q11 microdeletion syndrome has a wide range of clinical manifestations including congenital heart malformations, palatal defects, endocrine abnormalities, immunologic deficits, learning difficulties, and an increased predisposition to psychiatric disease. Short stature and poor weight gain in infancy are common findings and are usually seen in the absence of hormone ...
Carbery Baevin - - 2012
Physicians may be called upon to counsel male patients or parents of newborn males regarding their decision to circumcise their newborn sons. The purpose of the present study was to describe physicians who do not understand the benefits and risks associated with male circumcision well enough to counsel parents of ...
Wu Carolyn C Department of Ophthalmology, Children’s Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave, Fegan 4, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To assess WINROP (https://winrop.com), an algorithm using postnatal weight measurements, as a tool for the prediction of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a large geographically and racially diverse study population. WINROP analysis was performed retrospectively on conventionally at-risk infants from 10 neonatal intensive careunits.Weight measurements were entered into WINROP, which ...
Profit Jochen J Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2013
To measure the influence of varying mortality time frames on performance rankings among regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in a large state. We performed a cross-sectional data analysis of very low birth weight infants receiving care at 24 level 3 NICUs. We tested the effect of 4 definitions of ...
Li Mingyan M Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine, - - 2013
Some studies find delayed development of the auditory brainstem in preterm infants, but others do not. To compare auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) in healthy preterm and term infants depending on sex and gestational age (GA). Participants were 111 preterm (27-36weeks GA) and 92 term (37-41weeks GA) infants. ABR tests were ...
Burke James F - - 2012
Stroke has fallen from the second to the fourth leading cause of death in the United States without large declines in stroke incidence or case fatality. We explored whether this decline may be attributable to changes in mortality attribution methodology. Multicause mortality files from 2000 to 2008 were used to ...
Choudhary Ekta - - 2012
Introduction The Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) implemented an active mortality surveillance system to enumerate and characterize hurricane-related deaths during Hurricane Ike in 2008. This surveillance system used established guidelines and case definitions to categorize deaths as directly, indirectly, and possibly related to Hurricane Ike. OBJECTIVE: The objective ...
Simon Laure - - 2012
To determine the effects of length of gestation and sex on infant body composition, air displacement plethysmography was performed in forty-six full-term neonates at 3 d of life and during the week prior to hospital discharge in 180 preterm neonates. Fat mass, as a percentage of body weight, was higher in ...
Moriichi A - - 2012
Objective:To determine whether B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in umbilical cord blood (UCB) and amniotic fluid (AF) are correlated with birth-weight discordances in monochorionic-diamniotic twins.Study Design:The UCB-BNP and AF-BNP levels were determined at birth in 36 twin-pairs without twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).Result:Both the UCB-BNP and the AF-BNP levels were significantly ...
James William H - - 2012
Human sex ratios at birth simultaneously show both significant variation with a number of variables, and striking stability across time. Hypotheses on these features are discussed here.
Ma Jing-Qiu - - 2012
AIM: This study aimed to explore the relationship between infant feeding practices and growth outcomes in the first 12months of life. DESIGN: Investigators completed 262 questionnaires, which included infant feeding patterns, feeding environment, feeding beliefs/attitudes and caregivers' feeding behaviors through on-site face-to-face interviews with the main caregivers of infants at ...
Knowles Rachel L RL UCL Institute of Child Health, MRC Centre for Epidemiology of Child Health, London, UK. - - 2012
Technological advances in surgery, intensive care and medical support have led to substantial decrease in mortality for children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) over the last 50 years. Using routinely-collected mortality and population data for England and Wales from 1959 to 2009, the authors investigated age, period and birth cohort ...
Penninckx B - - 2012
Toxic death is defined as study treatment-related mortality and as such is considered as an iatrogenic death. This belongs to unnatural death where an autopsy is advised. Until now, conventional autopsy is the gold standard to discriminate between pre- and post-mortem discrepancies. The consequences of lack of systematically performing an ...
Ajdacic-Gross Vladeta - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the relation between the day of death and the day of birth. To determine whether the "death postponement" hypothesis or the "anniversary reaction" hypothesis is more appropriate. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Swiss mortality statistics 1969-2008. Deaths below the age of 1 were excluded from the ...
Anzures Gizelle - - 2012
Perceptual narrowing in the visual, auditory, and multisensory domains has its developmental origins during infancy. The current study shows that experimentally induced experience can reverse the effects of perceptual narrowing on infants' visual recognition memory of other-race faces. Caucasian 8- to 10-month-olds who could not discriminate between novel and familiarized ...
Horbar Jeffrey D - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To identify changes in mortality and neonatal morbidities for infants with birth weight 501 to 1500 g born from 2000 to 2009.METHODS:There were 355 806 infants weighing 501 to 1500 g who were born in 2000-2009. Mortality during initial hospitalization and major neonatal morbidity in survivors (early and late infection, chronic ...
Gazibara Tatjana - - 2012
The population of the Republic of Serbia has been exposed to radical changes in living standards and employment status and inequalities in utilization of health-care services. Given that infant mortality rates (IMR) reflect general community health, we evaluated the trends and mortality structure of Belgrade's infant population for a 15-year ...
Davanzo Riccardo - - 2012
Background: Neonatal weight loss is universally recognized, yet poorly understood. Limited professional consensus exists on the definition of lower limit of safe weight loss.Objective: Our aim was to assess the extent of neonatal weight loss and its association with selected clinical variables in a population of healthy term infants cared ...
Berlit Sebastian - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate the influence of gender in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) on survival and to assess the necessity of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy. All parturients with newborns suffering from CDH were included. A total of 425 infants with CDH were analyzed. The primary outcome parameters evaluated ...
Chen XiaFang X Department of Pediatrics, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2012
The objective was to elucidate the relationships between serum concentrations of the gut hormone peptide YY (PYY) and ghrelin and growth development in infants for potential application to the clinical observation index. Serum concentrations of PYY and ghrelin were measured using radioimmunoassay from samples collected at the clinic. For each ...
Hehir David A - - 2012
After stage 1 palliation (S1P) with a Norwood operation, infants commonly experience growth failure during the initial interstage period. Growth failure during this high-risk period is associated with worse outcomes. This study evaluated the growth patterns of patients enrolled in the authors' interstage home-monitoring program (HMP), which uses a multidisciplinary ...
Roberts Sebastian Ea - - 2012
Aim:  Cardiomyopathy, a group of primary myocardial disorders, is an uncommon, but important, cause of death in childhood. This study examines the demographic, clinical and pathological features of fatal cardiomyopathy in childhood with particular reference to its classification and autopsy findings. Method:  The method of this study was a retrospective ...
Caudle Susan E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate whether male and female infants with biliary atresia differ cognitively and to confirm previously documented developmental lags in infants with biliary atresia prior to liver transplantation. METHODS:: With the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), we examined 21 female and 12 male infants (ages 3 - 20 ...
Ray Joel G - - 2012
There has been much discussion about whether female feticide occurs in certain immigrant groups in Canada. We examined data on live births in Ontario and compared sex ratios in different groups according to the mother's country or region of birth and parity. We completed a population-based study of 766,688 singleton ...
Garba I D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and type of female genital mutilation (FGM) among female infants, reasons and attitude of the mothers to the practice. DESIGN: A cross sectional descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary centre in Kano Northern Nigeria. METHOD: A Pretested questionnaire was administered for mothers of female infants presenting for ...
Hoque M M - - 2012
Breastfeeding is the fundamental component of child survival strategy. It significantly influences neurological development of children. The study was conducted to asses whether exclusive and prolonged breastfeeding improves children's cognitive development, including low birth weight (LBW) babies, in a developing country setting like Bangladesh. This observational study was done on ...
Liu Lindy - - 2012
We analyzed US multiple cause-of-death data for 2003-2006 for demographic and clinical determinants for autopsy in unexplained deaths possibly resulting from infectious causes. For 96,242 deaths, the definition for unexplained death was met and autopsy status was recorded. Most decedents were male, 40-49 years of age, and white. To identify ...
Harmon Kimberly G KG Department of Family Medicine, 4060 East Stevens Circle, Hall Health Sports Medicine Clinic, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
This study examines sickle cell trait (SCT) as a cause of sudden death in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and explores the cost-effectiveness of different screening models. The authors reviewed the cause of all cases of sudden death in NCAA student-athletes from January 2004 through December 2008. The authors ...
Song Shige - - 2012
The current study examined the long-term trend in sex ratio at birth between 1929 and 1982 using retrospective birth histories of 310 101 Chinese women collected in a large, nationally representative sample survey in 1982. The study identified an abrupt decline in sex ratio at birth between April 1960, over ...
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