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Jefferson Urmeka T - - 2013
Breastfeeding rates are lowest among Black women than women of other races. An understanding of infant feeding attitudes may help improve breastfeeding rates among Black women. The theory of planned behavior guided this study to explore infant feeding attitudes of Black college students and the contribution of attitudes to breastfeeding ...
Hung Hsiao-Ying - - 2012
Abstract Background: Breastmilk is usually frozen for premature infants when they are unable to feed orally. However, thawed breastmilk may have altered odor and taste from its original form. Few studies have investigated whether premature infants respond differently to fresh and thawed breastmilk. The purpose of this study was to ...
Brouwer Marissa A - - 2012
Infant feeding, particularly breastfeeding, is an important public health issue because early feeding methods have been shown to influence health throughout childhood. We investigated how social norms influence first-time mothers' decisions around feeding methods. We conducted two in-depth interviews with 11 first-time mothers, the first 3 weeks after birth and ...
Kalra Suleena Kansal - - 2012
: To estimate whether extended embryo culture is associated with preterm delivery, very preterm delivery, low birth weight, or a combination of these in neonates conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF). : U.S. IVF live births were identified using the Society of Assisted Reproductive Technologies database (2004-2006). Associations were assessed ...
Kuriyan R - - 2012
There are far too many children in the world who suffer from under-nutrition and growth faltering, with life time consequences such as reduced work capacity, increased infections, impaired intellectual performance and an increased risk of non communicable diseases later in life. These changes occur early in life, and consequently, complementary ...
Azzarello A - - 2012
Can the pronuclei (PN) morphology and the time of PN breakdown (PNB) predict the potential of embryos to result in live birth? In comparison to embryos resulting in no live birth, PNB occurred significantly later in embryos resulting in live birth and never earlier than 20 h 45 min. None ...
Kaley Fiona - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on feeding, sleeping and crying routines in infants aged between 4 and 10 weeks. Seventy-nine child-parent dyads from the North East of England participated in this cross-sectional study. Data on infant feeding, sleeping and crying ...
Behr Barry - - 2012
Over the past 20 years, numerous techniques have enhanced assisted reproductive technology outcomes to help couples have >60,000 infants in the United States in 2008. Several different days for embryo transfers have been studied, but debate for the best timing of embryo transfer is still ongoing. With growing concern about ...
Zongrone Amanda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between indicators of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and anthropometric measures of nutritional status among children aged 0-23 months in a nationally representative data set. DESIGN: Data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were used. Analyses were conducted using multiple linear regression ...
Thoyre Suzanne M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Very preterm (VP) infants are at risk for poor oral feeding endurance, early cessation of eating, poor fluid management with aspiration risk, behavioral distress, and unstable heart rate (HR) and oxygenation during feeding. OBJECTIVE:: The study aims to determine the preliminary effectiveness of a coregulated approach (CoReg) to oral ...
Maggio L - - 2012
Whenever possible, oral feeding is the preferred method in neonatal feeding. However, many premature infants are unable to suck and swallow effectively; in these cases alternative methods of nutrient delivery must be used. We briefly review the different feeding methods used in neonatal units, with particular attention to their theoretical ...
Bernier Anne - - 2012
Current knowledge suggests that, to be successful, oral feeding in preterm infants should be initiated as soon as possible, often at an age where immature respiration still requires ventilatory support in the form of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). While some neonatologist teams claim great success with initiation of ...
Gerbeda-Wilson Natalie - - 2012
Abstract Background and Aims: Historical accounts of infant feeding practices can inform our understanding of current-day practices and the ways in which cultural traditions are incorporated into infant care. Pre-revolutionary Russian feeding practices have not previously been summarized, to our knowledge. The purpose of this study is to collect information ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
AIM: To compare the feeding development of preterm infants with that of full-term infants. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen preterm infants with extremely low birth weight, and 11 healthy full-term infants. METHODS: Intensive follow-up study. Feeding situations were analyzed by NOMAS (Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale) and by an oral motor patterns checklist ...
Harding Celia - - 2012
This individual case study presents an evaluation of and reflection on the use of nonnutritive sucking as a technique to facilitate nutritive sucking with an infant with feeding difficulties. Nonnutritive sucking is used in a variable way with mainly premature or sick infants. However, the rationale underpinning use of such ...
Michaud Laurent - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In certain conditions that obviate the use of gastric feedings, the insertion of a jejunal feeding tube via gastrostomy constitutes an alternative to jejunostomy but requires a preexisting gastrostomy. Our aim was to assess a new technique of one-step gastrojejunal tube insertion through a de novo gastrostomy.Three infants aged ...
Gregory Katherine E - - 2012
: The purpose of this study was to examine the current management of the enteral feeding regimens of premature infants cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). : The study included responses from 70 neonatal nurses who participated in a 2009 Neonatal Enteral Feeding Survey distributed electronically to ...
Natarajan Girija - - 2012
We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), using the physiologic definition. ELBW (birth weights<1000 g) infants admitted to the Neonatal Research Network centers and hospitalized at 36 weeks postmenstrual age (n=1189) were classified using the physiologic definition of BPD. Infants ...
Arabi Mandana - - 2012
Feeding practices are important determinants of growth and development of children. Using infant and young child feeding indicators and complementary feeding guidelines, 7 practices in 28 countries are described, showing substantial variation across countries. Only 25% of 0- to 5-month-olds were exclusively breastfed, and only half of 6- to 8-month-olds ...
Kumar V - - 2012
There are very few reports of myiasis in neonates and umbilical myiasis is the rarest form. The umbilical stump of a 7-day-old neonate in the postnatal ward was found to be infested with maggots secondary to hatching of housefly eggs.
de Pipaón Marcos Miguel Sáenz - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether acquisition of normal stooling pattern is associated with full enteral feeding and growth. Study design: This is a prospective observational study of infants with a gestational age of <28 weeks (n=121). All infants admitted to our unit during the ...
Maron Jill L - - 2012
The current practice in newborn medicine is to subjectively assess when a premature infant is ready to feed by mouth. When the assessment is inaccurate, the resulting feeding morbidities may be significant, resulting in long-term health consequences and millions of health care dollars annually. We hypothesized that the developmental maturation ...
Crowe Linda - - 2012
One of the most challenging milestones for preterm infants is the acquisition of safe and efficient feeding skills. The majority of healthy full term infants are born with skills to coordinate their suck, swallow and respiration. However, this is not the case for preterm infants who develop these skills gradually ...
Shad Jimmy J Department of General Surgery, People's College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre Bhopal, Bhopal, - - 2012
There are several human atavisms that reflect our common genetic heritage with other mammals. One of the most striking is the existence of the rare 'true human tail'. It is a rare event with fewer than 40 cases reported in the literature. The authors report a case of an infant ...
Jones Nancy Aaron - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to examine newborns' behavioral and physiological reactions to the cry of another infant (labeled a reactive cry). 101 newborns of depressed (N=40) and non-depressed (N=61) mothers were assessed on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS, Brazelton and Nugent, 1995) and 89 of ...
Barbosa Andréa Lopes - - 2011
This study investigated which physiological parameters change when endotracheal and upper airway suctioning is performed immediately before, immediately after and five minutes after this procedure is performed in newborns hospitalized in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This is a quantitative and longitudinal study, before and after type, performed in ...
Arusei Roselyne Jelimo - - 2011
There are limited longitudinal data from developing countries on early infant feeding and growth patterns. In Kenya only 34.8% of infants are exclusively breastfed at 2 months. This finding is of concern, and further understanding of infant feeding and growth patterns is important. To determine the feeding and growth patterns ...
Middlemiss Wendy - - 2012
This study examines change in the synchrony between mothers' and infants' physiology as 25 infants (11 males; 4 to 10 months of age) participate in a 5-day inpatient sleep training program in which they learn to self-settle through extinction of crying responses during the transition to sleep. The mothers' and ...
Tzifa Aphrodite - - 2011
Percutaneous upsizing of surgically placed Blalock-Taussig shunts is an uncommon practice. We report the case of an 8-month-old infant with single-ventricle physiology, who - due to comorbidities - was deemed unsuitable to proceed with Glenn operation. The 3.5-millimetre Blalock-Taussig shunt was stented successfully with a 5-millimetre pre-mounted stent, resulting in ...
Vargo Lyn - - 2011
The Management of Hypotension in the Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infant: Guideline for Practice, developed by Lyn Vargo, PhD, RN, NNP-BC, and Istvan Seri, MD, PhD, in 2011 under the auspices of the National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners, focuses on the challenging topic of clinical management of systemic hypotension in the very ...
Apter Gisèle - - 2011
Pregnancy is the time during which physiological and psychological preparation for motherhood takes place. It has long been considered a blessed time, free of psychiatric disorders. However, there is now strong evidence that major depressive disorder may occur not only after birth but even during the prepartum. Most often, mental ...
Schuetze Pamela - - 2011
The primary purpose of this study was to examine pathways from prenatal cigarette exposure to physiological regulation at 2 months of age. Specifically, we explored the possibility that any association between prenatal cigarette exposure and infant physiological regulation was moderated by fetal growth, prenatal or postnatal environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2011
Animal studies demonstrated the powerful impact of maternal-infant social contact on the infant's physiological systems, yet the online effects of social interactions on the human infant's physiology remain poorly understood. Mothers and their 3-month old infants were observed during face-to-face interactions while cardiac output was collected from mother and child. ...
Terao Kyoichi - - 2011
We hypothesize that the connections between the hematopoietic bone marrow and middle ear is a potential cause of childhood otogenic meningitis. Although it is known that there is a causal relationship between otitis media and bacterial meningitis, the relationship has never been satisfactorily established. Human fetal and infant temporal bones ...
Grassley Jane S - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of storytelling as a foundation for communicating with grandmothers about breastfeeding. The benefits of storytelling are applied to an analysis of infant-feeding stories that grandmothers told during a focus group study conducted by the authors. Thirty-five grandmothers participated in the ...
Jaremko Jacob L - - 2011
Imaging of meningitis in neonates and infants is not routine, but is frequent for complications. Aside from tuberculosis and herpesvirus, imaging findings related to most responsible pathogens are thought to be nonspecific, but few studies exist. We reviewed the imaging features of complicated meningitis in infants and neonates at our ...
Levent Fatma - - 2010
Group B streptococcal (GBS) meningitis is diagnosed less frequently than in the 1970s and 1980s. There are few contemporary data regarding outcomes from GBS meningitis and factors that might predict an adverse outcome. A retrospective evaluation was conducted of term and near-term infants (≥36 weeks' gestation) with GBS meningitis hospitalized ...
Bingham Peter M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Some premature infants require prolonged tube-feeding, beyond term equivalent gestational age. Tools that could prospectively identify such infants from among otherwise healthy patients are needed. We examined how well the Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS) predicts premature infants' transition from tube to oral feeding. DESIGN: Data from a ...
Byington Carrie L - - 2011
To describe the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profiles of febrile infants aged 1 to 90 days with negative bacterial culture test results and negative results for enteroviruses with polymerase chain reaction. Statistical analysis of a retrospective cohort. CSF profiles from 823 infants with negative test results for infection were analyzed. For ...
Dewan Maya - - 2010
To determine whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) enterovirus polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of febrile neonates is associated with a shorter hospital length of stay (LOS). Retrospective cohort study. Urban tertiary care children's hospital emergency department. Febrile infants 56 days or younger evaluated by means of lumbar puncture. Performance of CSF ...
Shah Samir S - - 2011
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for ...
Liu Zhuo-Hao - - 2010
OBJECT: The management of subdural empyema (SDE) has been debated in the literature for decades. Craniotomy and bur hole drainage have been shown to achieve a favorable outcome. However, there is a lack of comparative data for these modes of management of SDE subsequent to meningitis in infants. METHODS: The ...
Nzeh Donald - - 2010
Infantile meningitis is a clinical diagnosis. However, suspicion of its complications may warrant further investigations; and transfrontanelle ultrasound is a reliable and cheap way to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography in diagnosing the complications of infantile meningitis. This is a retrospective study of the transfrontanelle ultrasound findings in 40 infants ...
Berardi A - - 2010
Neonatal bacterial meningitis (NM) continues to be a serious disease with an unchanging rate of adverse outcome of 20-60%, despite a worldwide decline in mortality. The 3 major pathogens in developed countries are: Group B streptococcus, gram negative rods and Lysteria monocytogenes. Signs and symptoms of NM may be subtle, ...
Siedler Kai - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Influenza causes proportionately more hospitalizations and deaths in infants in their first year of life than in older children. Oseltamivir is an effective treatment for childhood influenza, but few data are available in infants <1 year. METHODS: Medical records of infants <1 year admitted to hospital during the influenza ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2010
We included 685 consecutive previously healthy well appearing infants younger than 3 months with fever without known source admitted to an Emergency Department without routinely performing lumbar punctures (LP). LP was performed in 198 infants. Of these, 36 (18.1%) showed pleocytosis. Two infants less than 15 days were diagnosed with ...
Aletayeb Mohammad Hasan - - 2010
Bacterial meningitis is a devastating infection with a high mortality rate, especially in neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the causative agents that cause bacterial meningitis in Khuzestan province in the south-western region of Iran. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from 1997 to 2007 at ...
Claudius Ilene - - 2010
Fever is defined as a rectal temperature greater than 38.0 degrees C (>100.4 degrees F). A recently documented fever at home should be considered the same as a fever in the ED and should be managed similarly. All febrile infants younger than 28 days should receive a "full sepsis workup" ...
Kestenbaum Lori A - - 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC) counts for neonates and young infants are usually interpreted on the basis of values reported in reference texts or handbooks; however, current reference texts either present normal CSF parameters without citation or cite studies with significant limitations. The objective of this study was ...
Clifford Vanessa - - 2010
The significance of Ureaplasma species as pathogens in neonatal meningitis remains contentious. Using an illustrative case of a premature infant with Ureaplasma parvum meningitis, confirmed by cerebrospinal fluid cultures and both specific and 16s rDNA polymerase chain reaction, we discuss the epidemiology of Ureaplasma species, the difficulties involved in diagnosis ...
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