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Taniguchi Haruka H Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Dietary differences exist between infant and adult female non-human primates. These differences are considered to be related to the low ability of infants to bite, handle, and obtain food items. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive examination of how the physical properties of food items (fracture toughness, size, processing, ...
Lorber Michael F MF New York - - 2014
In the present investigation, we examined the developmental viability of the externalizing behavior construct spanning the period from 8 to 24 months of age. A sample of 274 psychologically aggressive couples was recruited from hospital maternity wards and followed from childbirth through 24 months of age. Mothers and fathers completed ...
Browning Jenna J Department of Allied Health Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficiency of an observer-based, two-interval forced-choice infant psychophysical testing procedure. Ten of 11 infants (7-9 months of age) achieved a criterion of 80%-correct detection of a 50-dB sound pressure level noise band in a single testing session. Fewer trials ...
Butler G C - - 2014
We aimed to assess the difference in measurement of the distance of the UVC tip from the diaphragm between (Anteroposterior) AP and lateral radiographs and to determine the reliability of the measurement of UVC tip distance from the diaphragm between the two views. A retrospective review of paired AP and ...
Pillai Riddell Rebecca - - 2014
Research investigating how observers empathize or form estimations of an individual experiencing pain suggests that both characteristics of the observer ('top down') and characteristics of the individual in pain ('bottom up') are influential. However, experts have opined that infant behaviour should serve as a crucial determinant of infant pain judgment ...
Lin Hung-Chih HC Department of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Division of Neonatology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
This research evaluated the relationship between behaviors and energy expenditure in preterm infants receiving nursing interventions. This study was an explorative secondary data analysis from a previous study. The current study investigated energy expenditure calculated using heart rate-based energy expenditure-estimate across 500 repeated measures for 37 infants. Research results indicate ...
Giesbrecht Gerald F GF Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute for Child and Maternal Health, Calgary, Alberta Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R) is a widely used parent report measure of infant temperament. Items marked 'does not apply' (NA) are treated as missing data when calculating scale scores, but the effect of this practice on assessment of infant temperament has not been reported. To determine the effect of ...
Hantos Zoltán Z Department of Medical Physics and Informatics, University of Szeged, Szeged, 6720, Hungary; Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, University of Queensland, Queensland, - - 2014
Lung function data in healthy newborn infants are scarce largely due to lack of suitable techniques, although data for developmental and prenatal exposure studies are much needed. We have modified the forced oscillation technique (FOT) for the measurement of respiratory mechanical impedance (Zrs) in unsedated sleeping infants in the first ...
Marchant Tanya - - 2014
Low birthweight babies need extra care, and families need to know whether their newborn is low birthweight in settings where many births are at home and weighing scales are largely absent. In the context of a trial to improve newborn health in southern Tanzania, a counselling card was developed that ...
Szwarcwald Celia Landmann CL Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
This study proposes a methodology for estimating maternal mortality rates (MMR) in Brazil between 2008 and 2011 using data obtained from Ministry of Health information systems. The method assesses underreporting of maternal deaths, the investigation rates of deaths among women of reproductive age, as well as the proportion of maternal ...
Houston Derek D Otolaryngol. - Head & Neck Surgery, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, 699 Riley Hospital Dr., RR044, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2014
Mounting evidence suggests that infant-directed speech (IDS) facilitates aspects of language acquisition. An important milestone of English-learning infants' language acquisition is encoding the predominant stress-initial rhythmic structure of English, which 9-month-olds have demonstrated by showing a looking-time preference for lists of strong/weak words (e.g., doctor) versus weak/strong words (e.g., guitar) ...
Kyle Danielson D D Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada - - 2014
Does the acoustic input for bilingual infants equal the conjunction of the input heard by monolinguals of each separate language? The present letter tackles this question, focusing on maternal speech addressed to 11-month-old infants, on the cusp of perceptual attunement. The acoustic characteristics of the point vowels /a,i,u/ were measured ...
Adolph Karen E KE Department of Psychology, New York - - 2014
Based largely on the famous "visual cliff" paradigm, conventional wisdom is that crawling infants avoid crossing the brink of a dangerous drop-off because they are afraid of heights. However, recent research suggests that the conventional wisdom is wrong. Avoidance and fear are conflated, and there is no compelling evidence to ...
Abney Drew H DH Cognitive and Information Sciences, University of California, Merced Merced, CA, - - 2014
The pairing of dynamical systems theory and complexity science brings novel concepts and methods to the study of infant motor development. Accordingly, this longitudinal case study presents a new approach to characterizing the dynamics of infant limb and vocalization behaviors. A single infant's vocalizations and limb movements were recorded from ...
Salasibew Mihretab Melesse MM London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, - - 2014
Although breastfeeding is almost universal in Ethiopia, only 52% newborns benefited from early initiation in 2011. Early initiation is one of the recommended interventions for saving newborn lives but its potential seems not yet realized for Ethiopian newborns and there is a need for continued efforts to increase coverage. To ...
Shimizu Mina M Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park PA, - - 2014
We examined infant sleeping arrangements and cultural values of Japanese mothers in 2008 and 2009. Based on Greenfield's theory of social change and human development, we predicted that social change in Japan over the last decades (higher economic and education level, urbanization, complex technology, more women in the work force) ...
Otupiri Easmon E Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, - - 2014
In Ghana, 32% of deliveries take place outside a health facility, and birth weight is not measured. Low birth weight (LBW) newborns who are at increased risk of death and disability, are not identified; 13%-14% of newborns in Ghana are LBW. We aimed at determining whether alternative anthropometrics could be ...
Smith Nicholas A NA Boys Town National Research - - 2014
Acoustical changes in the prosody of mothers' speech to infants are distinct and near universal. However, less is known about the visible properties mothers' infant-directed (ID) speech, and their relation to speech acoustics. Mothers' head movements were tracked as they interacted with their infants using ID speech, and compared to ...
Jefferson Urmeka T - - 2013
Breastfeeding rates are lowest among Black women than women of other races. An understanding of infant feeding attitudes may help improve breastfeeding rates among Black women. The theory of planned behavior guided this study to explore infant feeding attitudes of Black college students and the contribution of attitudes to breastfeeding ...
Hung Hsiao-Ying - - 2012
Abstract Background: Breastmilk is usually frozen for premature infants when they are unable to feed orally. However, thawed breastmilk may have altered odor and taste from its original form. Few studies have investigated whether premature infants respond differently to fresh and thawed breastmilk. The purpose of this study was to ...
Brouwer Marissa A - - 2012
Infant feeding, particularly breastfeeding, is an important public health issue because early feeding methods have been shown to influence health throughout childhood. We investigated how social norms influence first-time mothers' decisions around feeding methods. We conducted two in-depth interviews with 11 first-time mothers, the first 3 weeks after birth and ...
Kalra Suleena Kansal - - 2012
: To estimate whether extended embryo culture is associated with preterm delivery, very preterm delivery, low birth weight, or a combination of these in neonates conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF). : U.S. IVF live births were identified using the Society of Assisted Reproductive Technologies database (2004-2006). Associations were assessed ...
Thoyre Suzanne M SM School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Very preterm (VP) infants are at risk for poor oral feeding endurance, early cessation of eating, poor fluid management with aspiration risk, behavioral distress, and unstable heart rate (HR) and oxygenation during feeding. The study aims to determine the preliminary effectiveness of a coregulated approach (CoReg) to oral feeding for ...
Kuriyan R - - 2012
There are far too many children in the world who suffer from under-nutrition and growth faltering, with life time consequences such as reduced work capacity, increased infections, impaired intellectual performance and an increased risk of non communicable diseases later in life. These changes occur early in life, and consequently, complementary ...
Azzarello A - - 2012
Can the pronuclei (PN) morphology and the time of PN breakdown (PNB) predict the potential of embryos to result in live birth? In comparison to embryos resulting in no live birth, PNB occurred significantly later in embryos resulting in live birth and never earlier than 20 h 45 min. None ...
Kaley Fiona - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on feeding, sleeping and crying routines in infants aged between 4 and 10 weeks. Seventy-nine child-parent dyads from the North East of England participated in this cross-sectional study. Data on infant feeding, sleeping and crying ...
Behr Barry - - 2012
Over the past 20 years, numerous techniques have enhanced assisted reproductive technology outcomes to help couples have >60,000 infants in the United States in 2008. Several different days for embryo transfers have been studied, but debate for the best timing of embryo transfer is still ongoing. With growing concern about ...
Zongrone Amanda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between indicators of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and anthropometric measures of nutritional status among children aged 0-23 months in a nationally representative data set. DESIGN: Data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were used. Analyses were conducted using multiple linear regression ...
Maggio L - - 2012
Whenever possible, oral feeding is the preferred method in neonatal feeding. However, many premature infants are unable to suck and swallow effectively; in these cases alternative methods of nutrient delivery must be used. We briefly review the different feeding methods used in neonatal units, with particular attention to their theoretical ...
Bernier Anne - - 2012
Current knowledge suggests that, to be successful, oral feeding in preterm infants should be initiated as soon as possible, often at an age where immature respiration still requires ventilatory support in the form of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). While some neonatologist teams claim great success with initiation of ...
Gerbeda-Wilson Natalie - - 2012
Abstract Background and Aims: Historical accounts of infant feeding practices can inform our understanding of current-day practices and the ways in which cultural traditions are incorporated into infant care. Pre-revolutionary Russian feeding practices have not previously been summarized, to our knowledge. The purpose of this study is to collect information ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
AIM: To compare the feeding development of preterm infants with that of full-term infants. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen preterm infants with extremely low birth weight, and 11 healthy full-term infants. METHODS: Intensive follow-up study. Feeding situations were analyzed by NOMAS (Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale) and by an oral motor patterns checklist ...
Harding Celia - - 2012
This individual case study presents an evaluation of and reflection on the use of nonnutritive sucking as a technique to facilitate nutritive sucking with an infant with feeding difficulties. Nonnutritive sucking is used in a variable way with mainly premature or sick infants. However, the rationale underpinning use of such ...
Michaud Laurent - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In certain conditions that obviate the use of gastric feedings, the insertion of a jejunal feeding tube via gastrostomy constitutes an alternative to jejunostomy but requires a preexisting gastrostomy. Our aim was to assess a new technique of one-step gastrojejunal tube insertion through a de novo gastrostomy.Three infants aged ...
Gregory Katherine E - - 2012
: The purpose of this study was to examine the current management of the enteral feeding regimens of premature infants cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). : The study included responses from 70 neonatal nurses who participated in a 2009 Neonatal Enteral Feeding Survey distributed electronically to ...
Natarajan Girija G Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2012
We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), using the physiologic definition. ELBW (birth weights<1000 g) infants admitted to the Neonatal Research Network centers and hospitalized at 36 weeks postmenstrual age (n=1189) were classified using the physiologic definition of BPD. Infants ...
Arabi Mandana - - 2012
Feeding practices are important determinants of growth and development of children. Using infant and young child feeding indicators and complementary feeding guidelines, 7 practices in 28 countries are described, showing substantial variation across countries. Only 25% of 0- to 5-month-olds were exclusively breastfed, and only half of 6- to 8-month-olds ...
Kumar V - - 2012
There are very few reports of myiasis in neonates and umbilical myiasis is the rarest form. The umbilical stump of a 7-day-old neonate in the postnatal ward was found to be infested with maggots secondary to hatching of housefly eggs.
de Pipaón Marcos Miguel Sáenz - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether acquisition of normal stooling pattern is associated with full enteral feeding and growth. Study design: This is a prospective observational study of infants with a gestational age of <28 weeks (n=121). All infants admitted to our unit during the ...
Maron Jill L - - 2012
The current practice in newborn medicine is to subjectively assess when a premature infant is ready to feed by mouth. When the assessment is inaccurate, the resulting feeding morbidities may be significant, resulting in long-term health consequences and millions of health care dollars annually. We hypothesized that the developmental maturation ...
Crowe Linda - - 2012
One of the most challenging milestones for preterm infants is the acquisition of safe and efficient feeding skills. The majority of healthy full term infants are born with skills to coordinate their suck, swallow and respiration. However, this is not the case for preterm infants who develop these skills gradually ...
Shad Jimmy J Department of General Surgery, People's College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre Bhopal, Bhopal, - - 2012
There are several human atavisms that reflect our common genetic heritage with other mammals. One of the most striking is the existence of the rare 'true human tail'. It is a rare event with fewer than 40 cases reported in the literature. The authors report a case of an infant ...
Jones Nancy Aaron - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to examine newborns' behavioral and physiological reactions to the cry of another infant (labeled a reactive cry). 101 newborns of depressed (N=40) and non-depressed (N=61) mothers were assessed on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS, Brazelton and Nugent, 1995) and 89 of ...
Arusei Roselyne Jelimo - - 2011
There are limited longitudinal data from developing countries on early infant feeding and growth patterns. In Kenya only 34.8% of infants are exclusively breastfed at 2 months. This finding is of concern, and further understanding of infant feeding and growth patterns is important. To determine the feeding and growth patterns ...
Barbosa Andréa Lopes AL Unidade Neonatal, Maternidade Escola Assis Chateaubriand, Fortaleza, Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. - - 2011
This study investigated which physiological parameters change when endotracheal and upper airway suctioning is performed immediately before, immediately after and five minutes after this procedure is performed in newborns hospitalized in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This is a quantitative and longitudinal study, before and after type, performed in ...
Middlemiss Wendy W University of North Texas, TX, USA. - - 2012
This study examines change in the synchrony between mothers' and infants' physiology as 25 infants (11 males; 4 to 10 months of age) participate in a 5-day inpatient sleep training program in which they learn to self-settle through extinction of crying responses during the transition to sleep. The mothers' and ...
Tzifa Aphrodite - - 2011
Percutaneous upsizing of surgically placed Blalock-Taussig shunts is an uncommon practice. We report the case of an 8-month-old infant with single-ventricle physiology, who - due to comorbidities - was deemed unsuitable to proceed with Glenn operation. The 3.5-millimetre Blalock-Taussig shunt was stented successfully with a 5-millimetre pre-mounted stent, resulting in ...
Vargo Lyn - - 2011
The Management of Hypotension in the Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infant: Guideline for Practice, developed by Lyn Vargo, PhD, RN, NNP-BC, and Istvan Seri, MD, PhD, in 2011 under the auspices of the National Association of Neonatal Nurse Practitioners, focuses on the challenging topic of clinical management of systemic hypotension in the very ...
Apter Gisèle - - 2011
Pregnancy is the time during which physiological and psychological preparation for motherhood takes place. It has long been considered a blessed time, free of psychiatric disorders. However, there is now strong evidence that major depressive disorder may occur not only after birth but even during the prepartum. Most often, mental ...
Schuetze Pamela P Department of Psychology, Buffalo State College, United States. - - 2011
The primary purpose of this study was to examine pathways from prenatal cigarette exposure to physiological regulation at 2 months of age. Specifically, we explored the possibility that any association between prenatal cigarette exposure and infant physiological regulation was moderated by fetal growth, prenatal or postnatal environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) ...
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