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Crowther Susan S AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
there is something extraordinary in the lived experience of being there at the time of birth. Yet the meaning and significance of this special time, named Kairos time in this paper, have received little attention. to describe the lived-experience of Kairos time at birth and surface its meaning. this is ...
Rihar Andra┼ż A Laboratory of Robotics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
Head movement of infants is an important parameter for analysing infant motor patterns. Despite its importance, this field has received little sensory-based research in the past years. Therefore, we present a sensory-supported data fusion model for head movement analysis of infants in supine position. The sensory system comprises a pressure ...
Li Ke K Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of Ministry of Education, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China; School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, - - 2014
This meta-analysis explored cerebral microstructural changes in individuals born preterm using fractional anisotropy from diffusion tensor imaging. We used the activation likelihood estimate (ALE) method for the meta-analysis to locate anatomical regions with white matter abnormalities in a group of individuals born preterm and in term-born comparison participants. A statistical ...
Ndu Ikenna K - - 2014
BackgroundThe World Health Organisation has recommended the use of anthropometric measurements as birth weight surrogates. However, it has been found that cut-off points for these anthropometric measurements vary across nations and ethnic groups.ObjectivesTo determine the predictive values of chest circumference (CC), occipito-frontal circumference (OFC) and their combinations for low birth ...
Qin Jianyuan - - 2014
We report the use of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) to detect tetracyclines hydrochloride (TCsH) in infant milk powder for the first time. Four kinds of TCsH exhibited their unique spectral features in the region of 0.3-1.8 THz. The main spectral features of these TCsH were still detectable when mixed with ...
Atabay Efe E Institute for Health and Social Policy, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada - - 2014
Mothers who work away from home tend to stop breastfeeding earlier than their nonworking counterparts due to workplace barriers. Barriers to breastfeeding discriminate against women and may lead to inequities in children's health outcomes. Guaranteeing paid breastfeeding breaks at work is 1 mechanism that can improve mothers' opportunity to breastfeed ...
Dasnadi Shaeequa S Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Objective Compare invasive blood pressure (IBP) and noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurement methods in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) across various gestational age and postmenstrual age (PMA), and determine the effect of gestational age and PMA on accuracy of NIBP measurements. Study Design Retrospective chart review of paired mean IBP and ...
Brooks Rechele R Institute of Learning & Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Science, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This longitudinal study tested the same children at three time points: infancy (10.5months of age), toddlerhood (2.5years of age), and early childhood (4.5years of age). At 10.5months, infants were assessed experimentally with a gaze-following paradigm. At 2.5years, children's language skills were measured using the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories. At 4.5years, ...
Grundstein Andrew J AJ Department of Geography, The University of Georgia, Geography-Geology Bldg, 210 Field Street, 30602, Athens, Georgia, - - 2014
Using a 1-year old male infant as the model subject, the objectives of this study were to measure increased body temperature of an infant inside an enclosed vehicle during the work day (8:00 am-4:00 pm) during four seasons and model the time to un-compensable heating, heat stroke [>40 °C (>104 °F)], and critical ...
Taniguchi Haruka H Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Dietary differences exist between infant and adult female non-human primates. These differences are considered to be related to the low ability of infants to bite, handle, and obtain food items. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive examination of how the physical properties of food items (fracture toughness, size, processing, ...
Lorber Michael F MF New York - - 2014
In the present investigation, we examined the developmental viability of the externalizing behavior construct spanning the period from 8 to 24 months of age. A sample of 274 psychologically aggressive couples was recruited from hospital maternity wards and followed from childbirth through 24 months of age. Mothers and fathers completed ...
Browning Jenna J Department of Allied Health Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficiency of an observer-based, two-interval forced-choice infant psychophysical testing procedure. Ten of 11 infants (7-9 months of age) achieved a criterion of 80%-correct detection of a 50-dB sound pressure level noise band in a single testing session. Fewer trials ...
Butler G C - - 2014
We aimed to assess the difference in measurement of the distance of the UVC tip from the diaphragm between (Anteroposterior) AP and lateral radiographs and to determine the reliability of the measurement of UVC tip distance from the diaphragm between the two views. A retrospective review of paired AP and ...
Pillai Riddell Rebecca - - 2014
Research investigating how observers empathize or form estimations of an individual experiencing pain suggests that both characteristics of the observer ('top down') and characteristics of the individual in pain ('bottom up') are influential. However, experts have opined that infant behaviour should serve as a crucial determinant of infant pain judgment ...
Irisa Zilie - - 2014
This study provides a description and analysis of characteristics of the monitoring system for congenital anomalies at birth and prevalence trends in Latvia using retrospective analysis of congenital anomalies at birth with cross-sectional data on prevalence (national data from Latvia, 2000-2010). There are three main monitoring systems on congenital anomalies ...
Lin Hung-Chih HC Department of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Division of Neonatology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
This research evaluated the relationship between behaviors and energy expenditure in preterm infants receiving nursing interventions. This study was an explorative secondary data analysis from a previous study. The current study investigated energy expenditure calculated using heart rate-based energy expenditure-estimate across 500 repeated measures for 37 infants. Research results indicate ...
Giesbrecht Gerald F GF Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute for Child and Maternal Health, Calgary, Alberta Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R) is a widely used parent report measure of infant temperament. Items marked 'does not apply' (NA) are treated as missing data when calculating scale scores, but the effect of this practice on assessment of infant temperament has not been reported. To determine the effect of ...
Hantos Zoltán Z Department of Medical Physics and Informatics, University of Szeged, Szeged, 6720, Hungary; Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, University of Queensland, Queensland, - - 2014
Lung function data in healthy newborn infants are scarce largely due to lack of suitable techniques, although data for developmental and prenatal exposure studies are much needed. We have modified the forced oscillation technique (FOT) for the measurement of respiratory mechanical impedance (Zrs) in unsedated sleeping infants in the first ...
Marchant Tanya - - 2014
Low birthweight babies need extra care, and families need to know whether their newborn is low birthweight in settings where many births are at home and weighing scales are largely absent. In the context of a trial to improve newborn health in southern Tanzania, a counselling card was developed that ...
Szwarcwald Celia Landmann CL Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
This study proposes a methodology for estimating maternal mortality rates (MMR) in Brazil between 2008 and 2011 using data obtained from Ministry of Health information systems. The method assesses underreporting of maternal deaths, the investigation rates of deaths among women of reproductive age, as well as the proportion of maternal ...
Vaala Sarah E - - 2014
There has been rising international concern over media use with children under two. As little is known about the factors associated with more or less viewing among very young children, this study examines maternal factors predictive of TV/video viewing rates among American infants and toddlers. Guided by the Integrative Model ...
Kyle Danielson D D Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada - - 2014
Does the acoustic input for bilingual infants equal the conjunction of the input heard by monolinguals of each separate language? The present letter tackles this question, focusing on maternal speech addressed to 11-month-old infants, on the cusp of perceptual attunement. The acoustic characteristics of the point vowels /a,i,u/ were measured ...
Adolph Karen E KE Department of Psychology, New York - - 2014
Based largely on the famous "visual cliff" paradigm, conventional wisdom is that crawling infants avoid crossing the brink of a dangerous drop-off because they are afraid of heights. However, recent research suggests that the conventional wisdom is wrong. Avoidance and fear are conflated, and there is no compelling evidence to ...
Abney Drew H DH Cognitive and Information Sciences, University of California, Merced Merced, CA, - - 2014
The pairing of dynamical systems theory and complexity science brings novel concepts and methods to the study of infant motor development. Accordingly, this longitudinal case study presents a new approach to characterizing the dynamics of infant limb and vocalization behaviors. A single infant's vocalizations and limb movements were recorded from ...
Salasibew Mihretab Melesse MM London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, - - 2014
Although breastfeeding is almost universal in Ethiopia, only 52% newborns benefited from early initiation in 2011. Early initiation is one of the recommended interventions for saving newborn lives but its potential seems not yet realized for Ethiopian newborns and there is a need for continued efforts to increase coverage. To ...
Shimizu Mina M Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park PA, - - 2014
We examined infant sleeping arrangements and cultural values of Japanese mothers in 2008 and 2009. Based on Greenfield's theory of social change and human development, we predicted that social change in Japan over the last decades (higher economic and education level, urbanization, complex technology, more women in the work force) ...
Otupiri Easmon E Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, - - 2014
In Ghana, 32% of deliveries take place outside a health facility, and birth weight is not measured. Low birth weight (LBW) newborns who are at increased risk of death and disability, are not identified; 13%-14% of newborns in Ghana are LBW. We aimed at determining whether alternative anthropometrics could be ...
Smith Nicholas A NA Boys Town National Research - - 2014
Acoustical changes in the prosody of mothers' speech to infants are distinct and near universal. However, less is known about the visible properties mothers' infant-directed (ID) speech, and their relation to speech acoustics. Mothers' head movements were tracked as they interacted with their infants using ID speech, and compared to ...
Träuble Birgit B Department of Psychology, University of Cologne Cologne, - - 2014
A large body of research has documented infants' ability to classify animate and inanimate objects based on static or dynamic information. It has been shown that infants less than 1 year of age transfer animacy-specific expectations from dynamic point-light displays to static images. The present study examined whether basic motion ...
Greiner Ted T Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni Ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, South - - 2014
Accurate measurement of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding is complicated by factors related to definitions, timing, duration of recall, methods of analysis, and sample biases. Clearly prospective methods are likely to be more accurate but are too expensive to use in most large-scale surveys. Internationally, most surveys use a point-in-time ...
von Hofsten Olov O Eclipse Optics AB, Stockholm, - - 2014
A frequently asked question concerns what a newborn infant can actually see. The contrast sensitivity function of newborn infants is well known, but its implications for the ability of newborns to perceive faces of adults remain unclear. We filtered gray scale animations of facial expressions in terms of both spatial ...
Murgio Mariam Noel - - 2014
This "Celebrate Birth!" column describes the experience of a long-time childbirth educator who attended the birth of her granddaughter Cora, her daughter Robyn's second hospital birth. She discusses how Robyn's instincts and confidence helped to overcome institutional issues to provide a good and safe birthing experience.
Vaala Sarah E SE Martin Fishbein Post-doctoral Fellow, Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of - - 2014
Viewing television and video programming has become a normative behavior among US infants and toddlers. Little is understood about parents' decision-making about the extent of their young children's viewing, though numerous organizations are interested in reducing time spent viewing among infants and toddlers. Prior research has examined parents' belief in ...
Jefferson Urmeka T - - 2013
Breastfeeding rates are lowest among Black women than women of other races. An understanding of infant feeding attitudes may help improve breastfeeding rates among Black women. The theory of planned behavior guided this study to explore infant feeding attitudes of Black college students and the contribution of attitudes to breastfeeding ...
Hendrickson Kristi K San Diego State University ; University of California, San - - 2013
The use of visual and haptic measures as proxies for underlying cognitive abilities has a rich history in infant development research, and perhaps none more so than studies of early vocabulary comprehension. Although visual and haptic measures have displayed long-term predictive value, it remains unclear whether visual attention and haptic ...
Yang Tse-Chuan TC Social Science Research Institute The Pennsylvania State - - 2013
Based on ecological studies, second demographic transition (SDT) theorists concluded that some areas in the US were in vanguard of the SDT compared to others, implying spatial nonstationarity may be inherent in the SDT process. Linking the SDT to the infant mortality literature, we sought out to answer two related ...
Mueller Martina M Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology; Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2013
Though treatment of the prematurely born infant breathing with assistance of a mechanical ventilator has much advanced in the past decades, predicting extubation outcome at a given point in time remains challenging. Numerous studies have been conducted to identify predictors for extubation outcome; however, the rate of infants failing extubation ...
Hung Hsiao-Ying - - 2012
Abstract Background: Breastmilk is usually frozen for premature infants when they are unable to feed orally. However, thawed breastmilk may have altered odor and taste from its original form. Few studies have investigated whether premature infants respond differently to fresh and thawed breastmilk. The purpose of this study was to ...
Brouwer Marissa A - - 2012
Infant feeding, particularly breastfeeding, is an important public health issue because early feeding methods have been shown to influence health throughout childhood. We investigated how social norms influence first-time mothers' decisions around feeding methods. We conducted two in-depth interviews with 11 first-time mothers, the first 3 weeks after birth and ...
Kalra Suleena Kansal - - 2012
: To estimate whether extended embryo culture is associated with preterm delivery, very preterm delivery, low birth weight, or a combination of these in neonates conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF). : U.S. IVF live births were identified using the Society of Assisted Reproductive Technologies database (2004-2006). Associations were assessed ...
Thoyre Suzanne M SM School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Very preterm (VP) infants are at risk for poor oral feeding endurance, early cessation of eating, poor fluid management with aspiration risk, behavioral distress, and unstable heart rate (HR) and oxygenation during feeding. The study aims to determine the preliminary effectiveness of a coregulated approach (CoReg) to oral feeding for ...
Kuriyan R - - 2012
There are far too many children in the world who suffer from under-nutrition and growth faltering, with life time consequences such as reduced work capacity, increased infections, impaired intellectual performance and an increased risk of non communicable diseases later in life. These changes occur early in life, and consequently, complementary ...
Azzarello A - - 2012
Can the pronuclei (PN) morphology and the time of PN breakdown (PNB) predict the potential of embryos to result in live birth? In comparison to embryos resulting in no live birth, PNB occurred significantly later in embryos resulting in live birth and never earlier than 20 h 45 min. None ...
Kaley Fiona - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on feeding, sleeping and crying routines in infants aged between 4 and 10 weeks. Seventy-nine child-parent dyads from the North East of England participated in this cross-sectional study. Data on infant feeding, sleeping and crying ...
Behr Barry - - 2012
Over the past 20 years, numerous techniques have enhanced assisted reproductive technology outcomes to help couples have >60,000 infants in the United States in 2008. Several different days for embryo transfers have been studied, but debate for the best timing of embryo transfer is still ongoing. With growing concern about ...
Zongrone Amanda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between indicators of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and anthropometric measures of nutritional status among children aged 0-23 months in a nationally representative data set. DESIGN: Data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey were used. Analyses were conducted using multiple linear regression ...
Maggio L - - 2012
Whenever possible, oral feeding is the preferred method in neonatal feeding. However, many premature infants are unable to suck and swallow effectively; in these cases alternative methods of nutrient delivery must be used. We briefly review the different feeding methods used in neonatal units, with particular attention to their theoretical ...
Bernier Anne - - 2012
Current knowledge suggests that, to be successful, oral feeding in preterm infants should be initiated as soon as possible, often at an age where immature respiration still requires ventilatory support in the form of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). While some neonatologist teams claim great success with initiation of ...
Gerbeda-Wilson Natalie - - 2012
Abstract Background and Aims: Historical accounts of infant feeding practices can inform our understanding of current-day practices and the ways in which cultural traditions are incorporated into infant care. Pre-revolutionary Russian feeding practices have not previously been summarized, to our knowledge. The purpose of this study is to collect information ...
Törölä Helena - - 2012
AIM: To compare the feeding development of preterm infants with that of full-term infants. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen preterm infants with extremely low birth weight, and 11 healthy full-term infants. METHODS: Intensive follow-up study. Feeding situations were analyzed by NOMAS (Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale) and by an oral motor patterns checklist ...
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