Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 497
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Pong A - - 1999
Bacterial meningitis in the neonate differs from meningitis in the older infant and child in a number of ways. Bacterial pathogens primarily are associated with the maternal genitourinary tract. Symptoms and physical findings may be nonspecific, and a high index of suspicion is needed. Management may vary depending on the ...
Lee W S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the presenting features, complications and outcome of infants with Salmonella meningitis. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective review of all cultures of cerebrospinal fluid positive for bacteria in children below 12 years of age, processed at the Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur from 1973 to ...
Tsang C K - - 1999
Two microalgal species, Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella sp., which showed high tributyltin (TBT) tolerant ability were investigated for their capabilities in degrading TBT at sublethal concentration. The distribution of TBT and its degraded products dibutyltin (DBT) and monobutyltin (MBT) in the incubation medium, extracellular surface and intracellular fraction were monitored ...
Sethi S - - 1999
The role of genital mycoplasma in perinatal mortality and morbidity has been debated. This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of isolation of genital mycoplasma and evaluate its association with clinical outcome. Sixty-six cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and 49 tracheal aspirates taken from 100 low birthweight infants who had suspected ...
John S M - - 1999
AIMS: To assist the early diagnosis of meningitis, by finding trends and patient profiles, where delay or other factors may have lead to a fatal outcome. METHODS: All deaths from meningitis and meningococcal disease, confirmed at autopsy were reviewed. The study involved the Auckland area, in the period January 1988 ...
Seetha K S - - 1999
One thousand one hundred and seventy cerebro spinal fluid (CSF) samples from clinically diagnosed meningitis patients were subjected to macroscopic and microscopic examination. CSF samples were also cultured. Five percent CSF samples were positive for bacterial (4.3%) and fungal (0.7%) organisms. Gram positivity was observed in 6.4% samples. The percentage ...
Slater M - - 1999
The infant with fever without an obvious source upon physical examination offers a challenging clinical problem. A combination of detailed history, physical examination, and selected laboratory tests allows the clinician to discern which infants are at lower risk for bacterial illness. Implications for management and future research are discussed herein.
Witek-Janusek L - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on the production of granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factors (G-CSF and GM-CSF) by neonatal mononuclear cells. Mononuclear cells were isolated from umbilical cord blood and cultured with either phorbol myristate acetate/phytohemagglutinin (PMA/PHA) or Candida albicans with ...
Kittakoop P - - 1999
Two new norpregnane glycosides, 19-norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-O-alpha-fucopyranoside (3) and 19-norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-O-beta-arabinopyranoside (4), were isolated from the soft coral Scleronephthya pallida, along with two known steroids, pregna-1,20-dien-3-one (1) and 19-norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-ol (2). 19-Norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-O-alpha-fucopyranoside (3) exhibits moderate antimalarial and cytotoxic activities. The chemical structures of 1-4 were elucidated from spectroscopic data.
Kim S J - - 1999
A fungus, Geotrichum candidum Dec 1, newly isolated as a dye-decolorizing microorganism, was used to decolorize molasses and an anthraquinone dye in shaken flasks. A degree of decolorization of molasses of 87% was achieved after 12 days of cultivation, and the maximum rate of decolorization of the dye in the ...
Bartley G E - - 1999
We have expressed in Escerichia coli the enzymes geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase and phytoene synthase, from the soil bacterium Erwinia stewartii, and the two carotene desaturases phytoene desaturase and carotene zeta-carotene desaturase from Arabidopsis thaliana. We show that pro-lycopene (7,9,7',9'-tetra-cis)-lycopene is the main end product of the plant desaturation pathway in ...
Luz G - - 1999
Meningitis associated with spinal anaesthesia is a rare but well-known complication. We report on a case of fatal bacterial meningitis following spinal anaesthesia in a former preterm infant. The aetiology of this meningitis could not be established. Former preterm infants represent a high-risk population because of their susceptibility to group ...
Kowalski R P - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine if common ocular adenovirus serotypes survive in vitro in multidose bottles of topical fluorescein (Fluress; Pilkington Barnes Hind, Inc, Sunnyvale, California). METHODS: Clinical isolates of adenovirus types 8 and 19 were inoculated separately into 10 bottles each of Fluress and maintained at room temperature (25 C). All ...
Gebremariam A - - 1998
In a hospital population-based retrospective study of neonatal meningitis, 55 cases were identified over a period of 10 years. The prevalences of meningitis for preterm and term newborns were 3.66 and 0.97 per 1000, respectively (22/6465 vs 33/36638; p < 0.01). The overall prevalence was 1.37 per 1000 live births. ...
Wang H - - 1998
Disseminated histoplasmosis has been recognized as a serious opportunistic infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, cases reported in the literature have been predominantly in adult patients. Here we report an infant with AIDS who presented with fever, cough, rhinorrhea, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia and coagulopathy, and died of respiratory ...
Huttova M - - 1998
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess efficacy and safety of fluconazole in neonates with Candida fungemia. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective protocol of all fungemias appearing between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 1997, in four major university hospitals. RESULTS: Forty neonates, 28 of them with very low birth weight (<1500 ...
Arimoto A - - 1998
A 10-month-old infant with tuberculous (Tb) meningitis accompanying hydrocephalus was successfully treated with a VP shunt operation soon after a PCR assay of CSF was found to be negative for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PCR assay of CSF is helpful for determination of the timing for VP shunting in Tb meningitis.
Pankuch G A - - 1998
Trovafloxacin pneumococcal and staphylococcal postantibiotic effects (PAEs) were 0.7 to 1.8 and 0.7 to 2.4 h, respectively. For Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, PAEs were 2.4 to 4.4 h. Pneumococcal and staphylococcal postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (PA-SMEs) (0.4 times the MIC) were 2.3 to 3.7 and 2.4 to > 9.2 h, ...
Chen C Y - - 1998
PURPOSE: To investigate the ultrasonographic (US) characteristics of subdural empyema (SDE) and its differentiation from reactive subdural effusion (RSE) in infants with meningitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Images in 10 infants with SDE with or without RSE complicating meningitis were retrospectively reviewed and correlated with clinical findings and compared with US ...
Visudhiphan P - - 1998
Between June 1988 and September 1996 12 of 65 infants (18%) admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand with purulent meningitis were infected with Salmonella spp. Their ages ranged from 1.5 to 6 months. Six of the infants had diarrhoea, 9 had seizures, and 11 had subdural ...
Watchi R - - 1998
We present the case of a five-week-old infant with tuberculous meningitis. The contact investigation and a review of the literature helped us differentiate congenital from acquired tuberculous meningitis. Though rare, we with to emphasize the importance of considering tuberculosis in any neonate with meningitis that fails to respond to conventional ...
Ohta M - - 1998
Affinity electrophoresis of human alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in amniotic fluid from pregnant women between 6 to 42 weeks of gestation and in the serum of a yolk sac tumor was performed with concanavalin A (Con A), lentil lectin (LCA), erythroagglutinating phytohemagglutinin (E-PHA) and Allomyrina dichotoma lectin (allo A). Separated AFP bands ...
Daneman A - - 1998
This paper illustrates the cases of two infants with an identical appearance of a periventricular band (PVB) of increased echogenicity on cranial sonography, shown on CT to be due to edema in one and calcification in the other. Such a PVB due to edema has not been reported previously, and ...
Al Arishi H - - 1998
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-Amp B), a novel formulation of amphotericin B, is effective for the treatment of invasive fungal infections in children and adults and is associated with less toxicity than the conventional preparation. Data on the use of Liposomal amphotericin B in neonates is scarce. We describe the clinical ...
Lundgren M - - 1998
The prevalence of caries on exposed root surfaces in 88-year-old subjects with and without salivary levels of Streptococcus sobrinus was studied. Ninety-two individuals were examined with regard to root caries lesions and fillings. The root caries index (RCI) was calculated and related to salivary flow rate and buffer capacity, plaque ...
Huang F Y - - 1998
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in associated with infections of neuraminidase-producing streptococcus pneumoniae was rarely reported in the literature. We report two infants with proven pneumococcal meningitis associated with anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal failure, and T-antigen activation characteristic of neuraminidase activity. This supports a common pathogenesis in HUS following infection of neuraminidase-producing ...
Messer R D - - 1997
Seven cases of Salmonella meningitis have occurred in infants in Far North Queensland since 1982. The mean age of onset was 2.8 months, and at least five of the cases were caused by Salmonella virchow. Five of the cases had significant complications during the acute illness: all required prolonged (median ...
Saladino R A - - 1997
We have developed a model of low-inoculum Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in infant rats. We challenged 4-day-old Sprague-Dawley pups via intraperitoneal or intrapulmonary injection of S. pneumoniae serotypes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6b, 7f, 9v, 14, 19f, and 23f. To achieve bacteremia with low inocula, it was necessary to passage the ...
Koç E - - 1997
Salmonella meningitis is a rare clinical entity that occurs mainly during early infancy. Treatment of Salmonella infections may be complicated by the bacteria's growing resistance to clinically important antimicrobial agents, especially third-generation cephalosporins. A report is presented of a newborn infant with Salmonella meningitis who relapsed after 4 weeks of ...
Dyer J - - 1997
Citrobacter sedlakii was isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures of a 5-day-old premature infant with sepsis, meningitis, and brain abscess. This newly described organism was difficult to identify due to discrepancies between the Vitek and API 20E identification systems. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the ...
Heiskala H - - 1997
Corticotrophin (adrenocorticotropic hormone, ACTH) and beta-endorphin levels of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were determined in 16 infants with the West syndrome during individualized ACTH treatment. Prior to treatment, the levels of CSF ACTH were significantly higher in infants with cryptogenic spasms, normal perinatal events, or normal development than in infants ...
Hayani K C - - 1997
A 3-week-old infant developed left shoulder swelling and was found to have septic arthritis and osteomyelitis of the humerus caused by Citrobacter koseri (formerly C. diversus). Citrobacter species are Gram-negative rods that are best known for their propensity to cause neonatal meningitis, ventriculitis and concomitant brain abscess. Non-central nervous system ...
Mu S C - - 1997
Invasive bacterial eye infections in the neonate range from perforating keratitis to endophthalmitis. Endophthalmitis secondary to Pseudomonas aeruginosa has gained clinical and therapeutic importance since mortality rates are high and prognosis concerning preservation of vision is poor, especially in premature infants. We presented two cases with meningitis, septicemia and P. ...
Ajayi O A - - 1997
To determine whether lumbar puncture is necessary in the evaluation of neonates with risk for infection or suspected sepsis in the first 72 hours of life, we reviewed the laboratory and medical records of 506 infants who had lumbar punctures between January 1988 and December 1990. Neonates < 72 hours ...
Juul S E - - 1997
Erythropoietin (Epo) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 80 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples to determine whether Epo is present in the CSF of infants, CSF Epo concentrations correlate with age, and CSF Epo concentrations correlate with Epo therapy. Epo was present in the CSF of normal neonates. CSF Epo ...
Nazarowec-White M - - 1997
Enterobacter sakazakii, previously referred to as a yellow-pigmented Enterobacter cloacae was designated as a unique species in 1980. This reclassification was based on differences from E. cloacae in DNA relatedness, pigment production and biochemical reactions. E. sakazakii has been implicated in a severe form of neonatal meningitis. Although studies have ...
Brik R - - 1997
Fever may be the sole clinically evident presentation of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in a very young infant, and therefore lumbar puncture is still widely regarded as a mandatory procedure in the sepsis workup of febrile infants under 2 months of age. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the frequency ...
Calhoun D A - - 1996
Administration of large doses of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF) to mice results in diminished erythropoiesis. Hyporegenerative anemia does not occur in adult humans as a consequence of treatment with rG-CSF, but it is not clear whether this will be a problem in neonates. Because rG-CSF is currently being tested ...
Daoud A S - - 1996
A two-and-a-half year prospective study of neonatal meningitis in the two main referral hospitals in Northern Jordan was carried out to determine the clinical spectrum and particular characteristics of meningitis in the newborn. The 53 cases studied represented an incidence of 1.1 per 1000 live births. The commonest bacterial pathogen ...
Reiter P D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Staphylococcal species are the most common cause of nosocomial infections in the neonate. Because of staphylococcal resistance patterns, vancomycin has become the drug of choice for treatment. Although the blood stream is the usual site of infection, premature infants are at increased risk for the development of meningitis. The ...
Jeyasekaran G - - 1996
The incidence of Listeria spp. in tropical fish and shellfish was studied. The isolation protocol included a pre-enrichment, followed by two selective enrichment steps and plating on three selective agars. Listeria monocytogenes could be detected in 17.2% of finfish and 12.1% of shellfish. L. innocua was the most common species ...
Pavan Mary H - - 1996
It seems amazing how many infants and children seem spontaneously to progress through the stages of feeding from suckle feeding through mature feeding, which includes biting and chewing, without difficulty or concern! Some, however, develop aspiration, failure to thrive, and feeding problems beyond the scope of the primary care physician.Disorders ...
Baker R C - - 1996
We prospectively evaluated the neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with documented viral meningitis to determine (1) whether deficits in physical growth, development, speech and language, hearing, or intelligence occur; and (2) if so, at what age these deficits can be detected. Sixteen infants with documented enteroviral meningitis under the age of ...
Ahmed A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) values in the noninfected neonate are not well-delineated. Studies analyzing these values are inconsistent in the criteria used to define the noninfected population. The purpose of our study was to examine CSF values in neonates in the first 30 days of life in whom infection was ...
Berg A M - - 1996
Aseptic meningitis is a rare complication of relapsing polychondritis. We describe a 60-year-old man who developed a prolonged episode of aseptic meningitis for which no cause could be determined and, that resolved spontaneously. He then developed classic relapsing polychondritis 14 months later. He subsequently had another episode of prolonged meningitis ...
Whitelaw A - - 1996
Tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA) plays a role in differentiation of neurones and activity-dependent structural changes in neurones. We hypothesised that tPA would also be present in CSF during fibrinolysis after intraventricular haemorrhage. We measured tPA antigen in CSF from 13 normal newborn infants and 14 infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular ...
Beeram M R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of lumbar puncture (LP) in the initial evaluation of symptom-free infants for congenital syphilis. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied infants who had successful LPs and were born to untreated or inadequately treated seropositive women between 1990 and 1993 in two hospitals in Washington, D.C. We ...
Storm H - - 1996
The activation of the laryngeal chemoreflex may be a pathogenic mechanism in apnoea, apparent life threatening events, and SIDS. Infants with apnoea and increased levels of beta-endorphin immunoreactivity in CSF have been successfully treated with naloxone. Beta-endorphin may induce respiratory depression, and naloxone is a beta-endorphin antagonist. We therefore wanted ...
Capeding M R - - 1995
Two sampling techniques, nasal swabbing and oropharyngeal swabbing, for detection of the upper respiratory tract carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were studied prospectively with 296 healthy Filipino infants at various ages: 6 to 8, 10 to 12, 14 to 17, 18 to 22, 32 to 39, and 46 ...
Karande S C - - 1995
The clinical profile of typhoid fever in an infant is variable and non-specific. A rare case of typhoid fever in a 7 month old infant is reported. The child presented with only a day's history of fever and loose motions which resulted in severe dehydration, acute tubular necrosis and death. ...
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