Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 521
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Sirinavin S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The relative paucity of information about systemic nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection in infants without an underlying disease prompted this study. METHODS: Infants without an underlying disease, who had positive cultures for NTS from their normally sterile sites during 1978 through 1998, were included. Their medical records were reviewed. RESULTS: ...
Bernstein H M - - 2001
A meta-analysis was used to determine whether administering recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF) to neonates with bacterial septicemia reduces mortality. Five studies were identified, involving 73 rG-CSF recipients and 82 control subjects. Mortality was lower among the rG-CSF recipients (odds ratio, 0.17; CI, 0.03-0.70; P <.05). However, when the non-randomized ...
Wan B - - 2001
An endogenous filariform fungus has been separated from a tree named Taxus growing in the Aba region, Sichuan, China. The fungus is fermented in fluid medium for 3 weeks at 25 degrees C, then the HPLC and MALDI-TOF analysis of the zymotic fluid show that the zymotic fluid contains taxol. ...
Polin R A - - 2001
Despite major improvements in infant intensive care, neonatal meningitis remains a devastating disease. Survivors of bacterial meningitis are at high-risk for life-long neurological handicaps, and despite a reduction in mortality, the morbidity of neonatal meningitis has not changed substantially over the last thirty years. A substantial improvement in outcome is ...
Holt D E - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of neonatal meningitis in England and Wales. DESIGN: A national postal survey using the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit (BPSU) card scheme supplemented by information from other sources. SETTING: England and Wales 1996-1997. SUBJECTS: A total of 274 babies less than 28 days of age who ...
Hesse C - - 2001
An increase in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-total-tau, and recently also in CSF-phospho-tau, has been found in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanisms for these changes are not known. We examined longitudinal CSF samples from nine patients with acute stroke. As compared with baseline levels (day 0-1), CSF-total-tau showed an increase at ...
Morel F - - 2001
PepR1 from Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp bulgaricus (Lb. bulgaricus) is involved in biosynthesis regulation of the prolidase PepQ. In this paper, we demonstrated that Lb. bulgaricus PepR1 biosynthesis is not constitutive like those of several bacteria but is auto-regulated and depends on the glucose concentration of the culture medium. We propose ...
Hailu M - - 2001
Hospital based prospective study of 136 children aged 3 months to 12 years admitted as cases of meningitis between June 1996 and May 1997 was undertaken to assess the epidemiological features, evaluate the outcome and measure the duration of clinical improvement after initiation of treatment. Infants accounted for 79 (58%) ...
Fernandez M - - 2000
Candidal meningitis may complicate systemic candidiasis in the premature neonate. We conducted a 10-year retrospective review of 106 cases of systemic candidiasis in neonates to define the incidence, clinical features, laboratory findings, treatment, and outcome of candidal meningitis. Twenty-three of the 106 neonates had candidal meningitis (0.4% of admissions to ...
Cole A M - - 2000
Host defense responses of animals and plants to pathogenic microbes are mediated in part by the release of antimicrobial substances into tissue fluids. Exploration of the antimicrobial properties of tissue fluids is often limited by their small quantity. We have developed assays of antimicrobial activity that require only 1 microl ...
Radford J R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were: (1) to compare the frequency of isolation of mutans streptococci, (Streptococcus mutans, Steptococcus sobrinus), lactobacilli and yeasts (caries-associated micro-organisms) in the saliva of 1-year-old infants with and without dental caries; and (2) to determine if socio-economic background influenced the frequency isolation of bacteria ...
Baumeister F A - - 2000
Treatment of infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus by diversion of CSF is frequently complicated by bacterial ventriculitis. We report the CSF values before and during bacterial ventriculitis of four very low birth weight infants with progressive posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation. Extremely high CSF IL-6 concentrations of between 8,000 and 61,000 pg/ml were ...
Al-Harthi A A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalent bacterial agents of neonatal meningitis and their antibiotic susceptibility in a referral intensive care unit in Assir Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia, during the years 1993-1998. METHODS: Records of newborn infants with positive cerebrospinal fluid culture during the period were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: There were 1473 ...
Choy J C - - 2000
A young primigravid parturient had an uneventful labour under epidural analgesia and delivered a healthy male infant. She returned 48 hours later with fever, vomiting and severe headache, but was misdiagnosed as having endometritis. Further signs of meningitis appeared six hours later, however she succumbed to the infection and died ...
Sood P - - 2000
Treatment of severe Pseudomonas infections often calls for multidrug therapy. Combinations of aminoglycosides, beta-lactams and/or quinolones are generally administered, the effect of which may be additive, synergistic or indifferent. The present in vitro study was designed to find out the exact outcome of the postantibiotic effect (PAE). The minimal inhibitory ...
Dellagrammaticas H D - - 2000
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy in terms of mortality and long-term morbidity of third generation cephalosporins and amikacin in combination for the treatment of gram-negative bacterial meningitis in a homogeneous group of neonates. A 15-year experience (1983-1997) with 72 term neonates without central ...
Kadish H A - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability of two accepted outpatient management protocols for the febrile infant 1-2 months of age (Boston and Philadelphia protocols) in febrile infants 1-28 days of age. We retrospectively reviewed charts of patients 1-28 days of age with a temperature greater than ...
Modesto A - - 2000
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effects of infant dentifrices: A--with lactoperoxidase, glucose oxidase and lactoferrin; B--with 1100 ppm of NaF and sodium lauryl sulfate; C--with extract of calendula. The dentifrices were test on biofilms formed in vitro from saliva and dental plaque of infants, using reference ...
Baker M D - - 1999
Fever is an important symptom in children. In infants younger than 2 months of age, fever might be the only indicator of bacterial disease. Critical to the well-being of these infants is that the physician understand the importance of the occurrence of fever within the first 2 months of life ...
Wade T - - 1999
Pasteurella multocida is the commonest cause of local infection after an animal bite, but is an unusual cause of meningitis. We report a case of P. multocida meningitis occurring in a 7-week-old infant which was contracted after non-traumatic contact with a household pet, that is, without any animal bite or ...
Raoult D - - 1999
The body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus, is a strict human parasite, living and multiplying in clothing. Louse infestation is associated with cold weather and a lack of hygiene. Three pathogenic bacteria are transmitted by the body louse. Borrelia recurrentis is a spirochete, the agent of relapsing fever, recently cultured on ...
Krcméry V V - - 1999
Twelve cases of neonatal and infant nosocomial meningitis treated with intravenous ciprofloxacin in doses of 10 to 60 mg/kg/day are described. Four neonates were 21 to 28 days old and eight infants were 2 to 6 months old. Six presented with Gram-negative meningitis: Escherichia coli (2), Salmonella enteritidis (1), Acinetobacter ...
Shah S S - - 1999
This report describes a preterm infant hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit who developed Pseudomonas aeruginosa conjunctivitis associated with bacteremia, meningitis, and multiple brain abscesses. P. aeruginosa conjunctivitis can rapidly progress to an invasive eye infection, such as corneal ulceration or endophthalmitis, leading to poor vision or blindness. Progression ...
Pong A - - 1999
Bacterial meningitis in the neonate differs from meningitis in the older infant and child in a number of ways. Bacterial pathogens primarily are associated with the maternal genitourinary tract. Symptoms and physical findings may be nonspecific, and a high index of suspicion is needed. Management may vary depending on the ...
Lee W S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To review the presenting features, complications and outcome of infants with Salmonella meningitis. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective review of all cultures of cerebrospinal fluid positive for bacteria in children below 12 years of age, processed at the Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur from 1973 to ...
Tsang C K - - 1999
Two microalgal species, Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella sp., which showed high tributyltin (TBT) tolerant ability were investigated for their capabilities in degrading TBT at sublethal concentration. The distribution of TBT and its degraded products dibutyltin (DBT) and monobutyltin (MBT) in the incubation medium, extracellular surface and intracellular fraction were monitored ...
Sethi S - - 1999
The role of genital mycoplasma in perinatal mortality and morbidity has been debated. This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of isolation of genital mycoplasma and evaluate its association with clinical outcome. Sixty-six cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and 49 tracheal aspirates taken from 100 low birthweight infants who had suspected ...
John S M - - 1999
AIMS: To assist the early diagnosis of meningitis, by finding trends and patient profiles, where delay or other factors may have lead to a fatal outcome. METHODS: All deaths from meningitis and meningococcal disease, confirmed at autopsy were reviewed. The study involved the Auckland area, in the period January 1988 ...
Seetha K S - - 1999
One thousand one hundred and seventy cerebro spinal fluid (CSF) samples from clinically diagnosed meningitis patients were subjected to macroscopic and microscopic examination. CSF samples were also cultured. Five percent CSF samples were positive for bacterial (4.3%) and fungal (0.7%) organisms. Gram positivity was observed in 6.4% samples. The percentage ...
Slater M - - 1999
The infant with fever without an obvious source upon physical examination offers a challenging clinical problem. A combination of detailed history, physical examination, and selected laboratory tests allows the clinician to discern which infants are at lower risk for bacterial illness. Implications for management and future research are discussed herein.
Witek-Janusek L - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on the production of granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factors (G-CSF and GM-CSF) by neonatal mononuclear cells. Mononuclear cells were isolated from umbilical cord blood and cultured with either phorbol myristate acetate/phytohemagglutinin (PMA/PHA) or Candida albicans with ...
Kittakoop P - - 1999
Two new norpregnane glycosides, 19-norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-O-alpha-fucopyranoside (3) and 19-norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-O-beta-arabinopyranoside (4), were isolated from the soft coral Scleronephthya pallida, along with two known steroids, pregna-1,20-dien-3-one (1) and 19-norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-ol (2). 19-Norpregna-1,3,5(10), 20-tetraen-3-O-alpha-fucopyranoside (3) exhibits moderate antimalarial and cytotoxic activities. The chemical structures of 1-4 were elucidated from spectroscopic data.
Kim S J - - 1999
A fungus, Geotrichum candidum Dec 1, newly isolated as a dye-decolorizing microorganism, was used to decolorize molasses and an anthraquinone dye in shaken flasks. A degree of decolorization of molasses of 87% was achieved after 12 days of cultivation, and the maximum rate of decolorization of the dye in the ...
Bartley G E - - 1999
We have expressed in Escerichia coli the enzymes geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase and phytoene synthase, from the soil bacterium Erwinia stewartii, and the two carotene desaturases phytoene desaturase and carotene zeta-carotene desaturase from Arabidopsis thaliana. We show that pro-lycopene (7,9,7',9'-tetra-cis)-lycopene is the main end product of the plant desaturation pathway in ...
Luz G - - 1999
Meningitis associated with spinal anaesthesia is a rare but well-known complication. We report on a case of fatal bacterial meningitis following spinal anaesthesia in a former preterm infant. The aetiology of this meningitis could not be established. Former preterm infants represent a high-risk population because of their susceptibility to group ...
Kowalski R P - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine if common ocular adenovirus serotypes survive in vitro in multidose bottles of topical fluorescein (Fluress; Pilkington Barnes Hind, Inc, Sunnyvale, California). METHODS: Clinical isolates of adenovirus types 8 and 19 were inoculated separately into 10 bottles each of Fluress and maintained at room temperature (25 C). All ...
Gebremariam A - - 1998
In a hospital population-based retrospective study of neonatal meningitis, 55 cases were identified over a period of 10 years. The prevalences of meningitis for preterm and term newborns were 3.66 and 0.97 per 1000, respectively (22/6465 vs 33/36638; p < 0.01). The overall prevalence was 1.37 per 1000 live births. ...
Wang H - - 1998
Disseminated histoplasmosis has been recognized as a serious opportunistic infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, cases reported in the literature have been predominantly in adult patients. Here we report an infant with AIDS who presented with fever, cough, rhinorrhea, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia and coagulopathy, and died of respiratory ...
Huttova M - - 1998
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess efficacy and safety of fluconazole in neonates with Candida fungemia. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective protocol of all fungemias appearing between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 1997, in four major university hospitals. RESULTS: Forty neonates, 28 of them with very low birth weight (<1500 ...
Arimoto A - - 1998
A 10-month-old infant with tuberculous (Tb) meningitis accompanying hydrocephalus was successfully treated with a VP shunt operation soon after a PCR assay of CSF was found to be negative for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PCR assay of CSF is helpful for determination of the timing for VP shunting in Tb meningitis.
Pankuch G A - - 1998
Trovafloxacin pneumococcal and staphylococcal postantibiotic effects (PAEs) were 0.7 to 1.8 and 0.7 to 2.4 h, respectively. For Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, PAEs were 2.4 to 4.4 h. Pneumococcal and staphylococcal postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (PA-SMEs) (0.4 times the MIC) were 2.3 to 3.7 and 2.4 to > 9.2 h, ...
Chen C Y - - 1998
PURPOSE: To investigate the ultrasonographic (US) characteristics of subdural empyema (SDE) and its differentiation from reactive subdural effusion (RSE) in infants with meningitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Images in 10 infants with SDE with or without RSE complicating meningitis were retrospectively reviewed and correlated with clinical findings and compared with US ...
Visudhiphan P - - 1998
Between June 1988 and September 1996 12 of 65 infants (18%) admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand with purulent meningitis were infected with Salmonella spp. Their ages ranged from 1.5 to 6 months. Six of the infants had diarrhoea, 9 had seizures, and 11 had subdural ...
Watchi R - - 1998
We present the case of a five-week-old infant with tuberculous meningitis. The contact investigation and a review of the literature helped us differentiate congenital from acquired tuberculous meningitis. Though rare, we with to emphasize the importance of considering tuberculosis in any neonate with meningitis that fails to respond to conventional ...
Ohta M - - 1998
Affinity electrophoresis of human alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in amniotic fluid from pregnant women between 6 to 42 weeks of gestation and in the serum of a yolk sac tumor was performed with concanavalin A (Con A), lentil lectin (LCA), erythroagglutinating phytohemagglutinin (E-PHA) and Allomyrina dichotoma lectin (allo A). Separated AFP bands ...
Daneman A - - 1998
This paper illustrates the cases of two infants with an identical appearance of a periventricular band (PVB) of increased echogenicity on cranial sonography, shown on CT to be due to edema in one and calcification in the other. Such a PVB due to edema has not been reported previously, and ...
Al Arishi H - - 1998
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-Amp B), a novel formulation of amphotericin B, is effective for the treatment of invasive fungal infections in children and adults and is associated with less toxicity than the conventional preparation. Data on the use of Liposomal amphotericin B in neonates is scarce. We describe the clinical ...
Lundgren M - - 1998
The prevalence of caries on exposed root surfaces in 88-year-old subjects with and without salivary levels of Streptococcus sobrinus was studied. Ninety-two individuals were examined with regard to root caries lesions and fillings. The root caries index (RCI) was calculated and related to salivary flow rate and buffer capacity, plaque ...
Huang F Y - - 1998
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in associated with infections of neuraminidase-producing streptococcus pneumoniae was rarely reported in the literature. We report two infants with proven pneumococcal meningitis associated with anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal failure, and T-antigen activation characteristic of neuraminidase activity. This supports a common pathogenesis in HUS following infection of neuraminidase-producing ...
Messer R D - - 1997
Seven cases of Salmonella meningitis have occurred in infants in Far North Queensland since 1982. The mean age of onset was 2.8 months, and at least five of the cases were caused by Salmonella virchow. Five of the cases had significant complications during the acute illness: all required prolonged (median ...
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