Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 495
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Raulo S M - - 2007
Although Finland has not experienced a classical swine fever (CSF) epidemic since 1917, the concern about early detection is relevant. The time until detection of CSF on a pig-breeding farm was predicted by simulation, and earlier detection of CSF-infected farms was assessed. Eight to 12 weeks will pass before CSF ...
Quiambao B P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the bacterial etiology, clinical presentation and risk factors for outcome of serious community-acquired infections in young infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants younger than 60 days, admitted for severe pneumonia or suspected sepsis/meningitis were prospectively evaluated using complete blood count, blood culture, chest radiograph, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture in ...
Abucejo-Ladesma Erma - - 2007
This paper describes the clinical profile and aetiology of bacterial meningitis in infants and children less than 5 y old admitted to a rural general hospital in the Philippines. A total of 989 infants and children 0-59 months old with suspected meningitis using a standardized guideline based on clinical signs ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters in Candida meningitis and the proportion of candidemia associated with Candida meningitis. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the initial lumbar puncture results from infants discharged from 150 Neonatal Intensive Care Units between 1997 and ...
Huang Yu-Tsung - - 2006
The case is presented of a pregnant woman at the 31st week of gestation with Listeria monocytogenes bacteraemia and microabscess formation in the endometrium, who delivered an infant with disseminated infection (meningitis and bacteraemia). The two patients were successfully treated with intravenous ampicillin and gentamicin. Molecular typing using random amplified ...
Pankuch G A - - 2006
The in vitro postantibiotic effects (PAEs), postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (PA-SMEs), and sub-MIC effects of ceftobiprole were determined for 12 gram-positive organisms. Pneumococcal, staphylococcal, and enterococcal PAEs were 1.4 to 3.1 h, 0 to 1.8 h, and 0 to 0.9 h, respectively. The PA-SMEs (0.4 times the MIC) for pneumococci, staphylococci, ...
Sabaratnam S - - 2007
Hyaluronan (HA) retention inside the synovial cavity of joints serves diverse protective roles. We tested the hypothesis that HA retention is mediated by the network of extracellular matrix proteins in the synovial lining. Cannulated rabbit knee joints were infused with HA solution with or without pretreatment by chymopapain, a collagen-sparing ...
Shiva Farideh - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify the criteria for performing a spinal tap in neonates with suspected sepsis and compare the findings in infants under and over the age of 72 hours. STUDY DESIGN: Analytical. PLACE AND DURATION: Neonatal Ward of Taleghani Medical Centre, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Evin,Tehran. Study period ...
Vinchon Matrhieu - - 2006
OBJECT: Postmeningitis subdural fluid collection (PMSFC) is a classic complication of bacterial meningitis in infants. When the diagnosis was based solely on subdural puncture (SDP), its incidence was estimated to be as high as one half of the cases of meningitis, with Haemophilus influenzae as the most common causative bacterium. ...
Gurubacharya Rajesh Lal - - 2006
Typhoid fever occurs both in epidemic and endemic forms and is a public health problem in developing countries. Typhoid fever is rare under 2 years of age. The clinical profile of typhoid fever in an infant is variable and non-specific. The absence of specific symptoms or signs makes the clinical ...
Oi Shizuo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The specificity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics in the immature brain still remains unknown. In our data previously published, the transependymal intraparenchymal CSF pathway (the minor pathway) plays a significant role in various degrees in the alternative CSF passage. Now, there is a growing consensus in the age differences ...
Hsiao Allen L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Numerous researchers have investigated fever in infants <2 months of age. However, the etiology of fever and usefulness of screening tests in older (2-6 months) infants is not well studied. METHODS: This was a prospective study of febrile infants 57-180 days old. Evaluation included blood and urine tests and ...
Parahitiyawa N B - - 2006
An in vitro assay to study multiple Candida biofilms, in parallel, has been carried out using the Calgary biofilm device (CBD). We here report: i) standardization of the CBD for Candida albicans biofilm formation, ii) kinetics of C. albicans biofilm formation, iii) biofilm formation by five Candida species, and iv) ...
Smith P B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal meningitis is an illness with potentially devastating consequences. Early identification of potential risk factors for Gram-negative rod (GNR) infections versus Gram-positive cocci (GPC) infection prior to obtaining final culture results is of value in order to appropriately guide expirical therapy. We sought to compare laboratory and clinical parameters ...
Vergauwen Bjorn - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A potentially lethal flux of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is continuously generated during aerobic metabolism. It follows that aerobic organisms have equipped themselves with specific H2O2 dismutases and H2O2 reductases, of which catalase and the alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (AhpR) are the best-studied prokaryotic members. The sequenced Haemophilus influenzae Rd genome ...
Guo Xiuli - - 2006
There exist limitations in the detection of exogenous oligosaccharides due to their polydisperse and diversiform nature, and particularly the interference of endogenous glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Herein, a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assay for detecting acidic oligosaccharide sugar chain (AOSC), an anti-Alzheimer's drug candidate, in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was developed based on ...
Scarborough Claire L - - 2005
Aphids are associated with several facultative bacterial endosymbionts that may influence their interactions with other organisms. We show here that one of the three most common facultative symbionts of pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum), the bacterium Regiella insecticola, has a major effect on host resistance to a fungal pathogen. Experimental establishment ...
Kawashima Hisashi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: In order to establish an effective management for febrile infants under 4 months of age we analysed the causes of fever by using bacterial work up and a highly sensitive RT-PCR method during a 3-year-period. From February 1998 to January 2001, 263 infants under 4 months of ...
Soberón-Chávez Gloria - - 2005
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces glycolipidic surface-active molecules (rhamnolipids) which have potential biotechnological applications. Rhamnolipids are produced by P. aeruginosa in a concerted manner with different virulence-associated traits. Here, we review the rhamnolipids biosynthetic pathway, showing that it has metabolic links with numerous bacterial products such as alginate, lipopolysaccharide, polyhydroxyalkanoates, and 4-hydroxy-2-alkylquinolines ...
Laborada Gary - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A 1-month-old premature infant developed persistent shunt-related methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ventriculitis that was not responsive to parenteral therapy with vancomycin plus gentamicin (or rifampin). METHODS: The infant was treated by intraventricular administration of vancomycin (5 days: 10 mg/day). In addition to standard testing of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), tumor ...
Hebbar Shrikiran - - 2005
Primary amoebic meningo-encephalitis (PAM) is extremely rare and is caused by Naegleria fowleri. It is ?commonly seen in older children who swim in water contaminated with Naegleria species. It is very rare to contract the illness by any other means. We report a case of PAM in an infant aged ...
May M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology of early onset neonatal bacterial meningitis (EONBM) in Australasia. DESIGN: Prospective surveillance study, 1992-2002, in 20 neonatal units in Australia and New Zealand. EONBM was defined as meningitis occurring within 48 hours of delivery. RESULTS: There were 852 babies with early onset sepsis, of whom ...
Champagne Marie-Josée - - 2005
Five protocols were compared to determine the combined effects of different sample weights and culture methods for the recovery of Salmonella from 310 pig cecal samples taken in abattoirs as part of the Canadian Integrated Program for Anti-microbial Resistance Surveillance. Sample weights evaluated were 1 and 10 g. Culture methods ...
Hsieh Wen-Bin - - 2005
Over the last few decades, the incidence of invasive candidal infections in neonatal intensive care units has increased dramatically. Various complications, such as arthritis, endocarditis, meningitis, and endophthalmitis, have been reviewed. We present the case of a premature infant with systemic candidemia. Arthritis was discovered 6 months after completion of ...
Shenoy Rathika D - - 2005
Symptomatic hyponatremia due to syndrome of inappropriate secretion of anti-diuretic hormone (SIADH) in infancy is seen usually with pneumonia and meningitis and its association with deep neck abscess is not documented. Recognition and appropriate management of this complication is important to prevent mortality and long-term neurological morbidity. We report a ...
Lucena Rita - - 2005
Predictor variables of intra-hospital lethality among infants with pyogenic meningitis due to Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae were identified using data from a follow-up study of infants with bacterial meningitis. The infants who were admitted to Couto Maia Hospital from March 1, 1997 to December 31, 1997 presenting ...
Songjinda Prapa - - 2005
The dynamics of the developmental bacterial community in the Japanese neonatal gastrointestinal tract were examined by monitoring 16S ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) diversity in fecal samples by PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The results showed a certain pattern common in infants without antibiotic treatment, in which aerobes, e.g., ...
Andrews J - - 2005
This study compared the white blood cell (WBC) and red blood cell (RBC) counts obtained with the Cell-Dyn 3200 (CD 3200) with results obtained by hemocytometer, the reference method for counting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and other body fluid specimens. Ninety-six CSF and 65 body fluid specimens were evaluated. Background counts ...
Gollop N - - 2005
AIMS: To determine antibacterial activity in lactic acid bacteria (LAB) silage inoculants and in wheat and corn silages which were treated with these inoculants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wheat and two corn silages were prepared in 0.25 l sealed glass jars. Inoculant treatments were prepared for each type of silage with ...
Bender Louis C - - 2005
Mortality from cerebrospinal parelaphostrongylosis caused by the meningeal worm (Parelaphostrongylus tenuis) has been hypothesized to limit elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) populations in areas where elk are conspecific with white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Elk were reintroduced into Michigan (USA) in the early 1900s and subsequently greatly increased population size and distribution ...
Coakley J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are no published reference intervals for concentrations of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of normal infants. The presence of abnormal concentrations of AFP in plasma or CSF may indicate the presence of a teratoma or a germ cell tumour with yolk sac elements. We measured CSF ...
Chamberlain Marc C - - 2005
Leukemia affects the central and peripheral nervous system. Neurologic complications are a consequence of direct leukemic infiltration, as occurs with leukemic meningitis, and due to complications of either antileukemic treatment (thrombocytopenic or disseminated intravascular coagulation-related intracranial hemorrhage, steroid myopathy, vinca alkaloid peripheral neuropathy) or immune compromise (Herpes zoster shingles or ...
Shah Divyen K - - 2005
MR findings from six newborns with Escherichia coli (E. coli) meningitis are reported. Five of the six infants were infected with the K1 strain. All the infants displayed significant white matter injury on MR imaging. E. coli remains a serious cause of meningitis and MR imaging in this case series ...
Bonsu Bema K - - 2004
In relying on the peripheral blood white blood cell (WBC) count to identify infants at high risk for acute bacterial meningitis and bacteremia, to the best of the authors' knowledge, it has not been reported previously whether high and low values of the test have similar implications for predicting these ...
Lehner A - - 2004
Enterobacter sakazakii is considered to be an opportunistic pathogen and has been implicated in foodborne diseases causing meningitis or enteritis, especially in neonates and infants. The U.S FoodNet 2002 survey rate of invasive infections with this organism in infants under 1 year of age was 1 per 100,000 infants. Severity ...
Hirsh Denton - - 2004
A 20-day-old male infant presented with fever, decreased alertness and quadriparesis as a result of Pasteurella multocida meningitis and C1-2 vertebral osteomyelitis. Although his household contained 2 pet cats, there was no history of bites, scratches or licks. We speculate that colonization of the nasopharynx was followed by contiguous spread ...
Martins Marta - - 2004
Chlorpromazine (CPZ) is concentrated by human macrophages where it kills intracellular mycobacteria when the concentration outside the macrophage is sub-clinical. We have previously demonstrated that thioridazine (TZ), a much milder phenothiazine, has similar activity and kills intracellular methicillin-susceptible S. aureus at sub-clinical concentrations. We have extended this latter study to ...
Nishimaki Shigeru - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Currently, the timing and volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage are determined by subjective clinical findings in infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. The aim of this study was to determine whether measurement of the resistive index is useful for management of CSF drainage in these infants. METHODS: We measured the ...
Akgul Yurdanur - - 2004
Lotaustralin was isolated as a mixture of two diastereoisomeric forms from the methanol extract of Rhodiola rosea roots, together with the known compounds rosavin, rosarin, rosin, rosiridin, salidroside, and beta-sitosterol. The structure of lotaustralin was established by 1D and 2D-NMR spectroscopy, including 1H-1H COSY, NOESY, HMQC, and HMBC, and FAB ...
Heep Axel - - 2004
The expression of specific growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is of importance during brain development and in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. VEGF and TGF-beta1 was studied in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of neonates with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHHC) and nonhemorrhagic hydrocephalus. ...
John Joshi - - 2004
Loss of hypocretin cells or mutation of hypocretin receptors causes narcolepsy. In canine genetic narcolepsy, produced by a mutation of the Hcrtr2 gene, symptoms develop postnatally with symptom onset at 4 weeks of age and maximal symptom severity by 10-32 weeks of age. Canine narcolepsy can readily be quantified. The ...
Srinivasan L - - 2004
Group B hemolytic streptococcus (GBS) is the most common cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. However, hydrocephalus as a presentation of neonatal GBS meningitis has not been reported. We report herein the case of a 23-day-old male infant who presented with significant hydrocephalus and subtle seizures, without a febrile episode, ...
Yagupsky Pablo - - 2004
In a prospective volume-controlled study, the sensitivity of the BACTEC MYCO/F LYTIC medium was similar to that of the Peds Plus/F and Plus Aerobic/F vials for detecting Brucella melitensis bacteremia, but the time to detection with the MYCO/F LYTIC medium (101.4 +/- 46.7 h) was significantly longer than that with ...
Stoll Barbara J - - 2004
CONTEXT: Neonatal meningitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We speculated that meningitis may be underdiagnosed among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants because of the failure to perform lumbar punctures (LPs) in infants with suspected sepsis. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to review the epidemiology of late-onset meningitis ...
Leclercq-Perlat M N - - 2004
The color of smear cheeses (Muenster) is traditionally thought to be due to the bacterial flora, e.g., Brevibacterium linens. This study was carried out to evaluate indirect effects of yeast on the color of B. linens. A 60% cheese medium was desacidified with Debaryomyces hansenii or Kluyveromyces marxianus until pH ...
Ficke Andrea - - 2004
ABSTRACT Grape berries are highly susceptible to powdery mildew 1 week after bloom but acquire ontogenic resistance 2 to 3 weeks later. We recently demonstrated that germinating conidia of the grape powdery mildew pathogen (Uncinula necator) cease development before penetration of the cuticle on older resistant berries. The mechanism that ...
Pantell Robert H RH Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0503, USA. - - 2004
Fever in infants challenges clinicians in distinguishing between serious conditions, such as bacteremia or bacterial meningitis, and minor illnesses. To date, the practice patterns of office-based pediatricians in treating febrile infants and the clinical outcomes resulting from their care have not been systematically studied. To characterize the management and clinical ...
Sirinavin Sayomporn - - 2004
Cryptococcal meningitis was diagnosed in a 92-day-old boy who was not HIV-1-infected and who survived after treatment, although with hydrocephalus. The mother was HIV-1-infected, delivered prematurely, had peripartum cryptococcal meningitis and died 14 days postpartum. There was no other possible source for cryptococcal infection in this infant. This is believed ...
Yeager Chris M - - 2004
The potential of trichloroethylene (TCE) to induce and non-aromatic growth substrates to support TCE degradation in five strains (Pseudomonas mendocina KR1, Ralstonia pickettii PKO1, Pseudomonas putida F1, Burkholderia cepacia G4, B. cepacia PR1) of toluene-oxidizing bacteria was examined. LB broth and acetate did not support TCE degradation in any of ...
Behera S - - 2004
This case presentation supports the observation that initial cerebrospinal fluid findings can be normal in newborn infants with sepsis syndrome who then develop evidence for meningeal involvement. Therefore, if initial lumbar puncture results are negative, a repeat lumbar puncture is recommended to look for meningitis in newborns that are critically ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >