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Siedler Kai - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Influenza causes proportionately more hospitalizations and deaths in infants in their first year of life than in older children. Oseltamivir is an effective treatment for childhood influenza, but few data are available in infants <1 year. METHODS: Medical records of infants <1 year admitted to hospital during the influenza ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2010
We included 685 consecutive previously healthy well appearing infants younger than 3 months with fever without known source admitted to an Emergency Department without routinely performing lumbar punctures (LP). LP was performed in 198 infants. Of these, 36 (18.1%) showed pleocytosis. Two infants less than 15 days were diagnosed with ...
Aletayeb Mohammad Hasan - - 2010
Bacterial meningitis is a devastating infection with a high mortality rate, especially in neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the causative agents that cause bacterial meningitis in Khuzestan province in the south-western region of Iran. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out from 1997 to 2007 at ...
Claudius Ilene - - 2010
Fever is defined as a rectal temperature greater than 38.0 degrees C (>100.4 degrees F). A recently documented fever at home should be considered the same as a fever in the ED and should be managed similarly. All febrile infants younger than 28 days should receive a "full sepsis workup" ...
Kestenbaum Lori A - - 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC) counts for neonates and young infants are usually interpreted on the basis of values reported in reference texts or handbooks; however, current reference texts either present normal CSF parameters without citation or cite studies with significant limitations. The objective of this study was ...
Clifford Vanessa - - 2010
The significance of Ureaplasma species as pathogens in neonatal meningitis remains contentious. Using an illustrative case of a premature infant with Ureaplasma parvum meningitis, confirmed by cerebrospinal fluid cultures and both specific and 16s rDNA polymerase chain reaction, we discuss the epidemiology of Ureaplasma species, the difficulties involved in diagnosis ...
Ancalle Ingrid M - - 2010
Invasive Candida infection is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit. Neonatal candidemia occurs in 4-15% of extremely low birth weight infants. Meningitis occurs in 5-9% of patients with candidemia. A few infants with Candida meningitis (4%) present ventriculitis or brain abscess. We ...
McMullan Brendan - - 2009
Meningococcus is a well known cause of meningitis and septicaemia. It is less well known as a cause of arthritis. This case report describes an infant with meningococcal arthritis and with further discussion of the role of meningococcal serogroup W135 in disease, as well as current and future immunisation strategies.
Shin Seung Han - - 2009
Differentiation of serious bacterial infection (SBI) from self-limiting viral illness in febrile infants younger than three months is a significant challenge for clinicians. We aimed to assess the risk factors for SBI in febrile infants. Data were obtained from 221 infants younger than three months who visited a single community ...
Ansong Annette K - - 2009
Describe cerebrospinal fluid parameters in infants with culture-proven Group B streptococcal meningitis in the era of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. Cohort study of the first lumbar puncture from 13,495 infants cared for at 150 neonatal intensive care units. We compared cerebrospinal fluid parameters [white blood cell count, red blood cell count, ...
Cooke Fiona J - - 2009
We present the first documented case of Salmonella enterica serotype Agona meningitis in a 6-day-old baby. S. enterica serotype Agona was isolated concurrently from infant cerebrospinal fluid and parental fecal samples, and Salmonella was isolated from breast milk. The role of breast milk in transmission of Salmonella enterica is discussed.
Suvarna J C - - 2009
"Tripod Sign" or "Amoss's Sign" is a sign of meningeal irritation. Although useful in diagnosing meningitis, it is not pathognomic and may be seen in a variety of clinical conditions. Infants < 1 year of age and immunocompromised individuals may not demonstrate signs of meningeal irritation. Since elicitation of the ...
Galiza Eva P - - 2009
Neonatal meningitis is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, and although mortality has declined in developed countries over the last two decades, improvement in morbidity has been less evident. This review focuses on recent advances in the management of neonatal meningitis and its implications for improved outcomes. Recent ...
Kiefer Autumn S - - 2009
A 20-day-old female infant developed fever. Sepsis evaluation revealed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis and a modestly decreased CSF glucose. After 48 hours of broad-spectrum antibiotics, the infant remained febrile. Repeat CSF analysis showed increased pleocytosis and a very low glucose value. Subsequently, a rectothecal fistula and sacral abnormalities were found, ...
Nudelman Yuliya - - 2009
Bacterial meningitis continues to be an important disease throughout the world and can be a life-threatening emergency if not suspected, appropriately diagnosed and managed expeditiously. The epidemiology of bacterial meningitis has changed dramatically over the last 20 years, primarily as a result of the introduction of conjugate vaccines against the ...
Pérez Solís David - - 2009
The relation between cellulitis and Group B streptococcus infection in newborns and small infants was first reported during the early 1980s and named cellulitis-adenitis syndrome. We report a case of a neonate with cellulitis-adenitis syndrome in an unusual location (retroauricular). A 21-day-old Caucasian female infant was brought to the emergency ...
Waites Ken B - - 2009
There is strong evidence from clinical and experimental animal studies that ureaplasmas can invade the amnionic sac and induce an inflammatory response resulting in chorioamnionitis, preterm labor and neonatal lung injury. The ability of Ureaplasma spp. and Mycoplasma hominis to cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis in newborns can no longer ...
Turner Mark A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Among preterm infants, high concentrations of inflammatory mediators in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are associated with poor outcome. Previous studies have not indicated whether CSF concentrations of inflammatory mediators are associated with important confounders such as gestational age. AIMS: To examine associations between CSF concentrations of inflammatory mediators and gestational ...
Sathish T - - 2008
AIM: Investigation of mixture-design impact on glutaminase production by isolated Bacillus sp. METHODS AND RESULTS: An augmented simplex centroid design was used to optimize a three (wheat bran, Bengal gram husk and palm seed fibre) component mixture for glutaminase production. Selected substrate materials showed impact on glutaminase production values at ...
Airede K I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal bacterial meningitis is devastating, with attendant high mortality and neurological sequelae. We, therefore, aimed to delineate its current incidence, etiologic, clinical, laboratory spectra, and the effect of steroid therapy on the outcome. METHODOLOGY: Babies admitted from 1992 to 1995 in the Special Care Baby Unit of the University ...
Keller Merle - - 2008
Human toxocariasis can result from the inadvertent ingestion of embryonated eggs of Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati from environmental sources such as dirt, sand, or foods carrying contaminated soil. We report a case in an infant resulting in eosinophilic meningitis and prolonged fever. The case illustrates probable intrafamilial transmission, a ...
Smith P Brian PB Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2008
Cerebrospinal fluid parameters are of great importance in diagnosing meningitis, but normal values for preterm neonates are based on small, single-center studies. We sought to determine current values for preterm neonate cerebrospinal fluid parameters and assess the association of cerebrospinal fluid parameters with culture proven meningitis. We performed a cohort ...
Platnaris Antonios - - 2009
We report a very unusual case of meningoencephalitis due to Listeria monocytogenes in a 7-month-old immunocompetent boy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture was initially negative, but was positive on the seventh day. The disease was complicated by seizures and hydrocephalus managed with temporary ventriculostomy. The infant was discharged without obvious neurological ...
Mhanna Maroun J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Lumbar puncture can be an essential part of the septic work-up in premature infants who are at risk for sepsis and meningitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) values for cell counts, protein concentrations, and glucose concentrations in children and full-term infants are well established. CSF values in premature infants, however, have ...
Berkun Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical and laboratory features of acute otitis media (AOM) in infants younger than 2 months, to look for factors predicting bacterial otitis, and to evaluate the accuracy of AOM diagnosis among paediatricians. METHODS: The study population comprised a cohort of 277 hospitalised infants up to 61 ...
Itaya Hiroshi - - 2008
We previously reported on the secretion of Streptomyces mobaraensis transglutaminase by Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13869 (formerly classified as Brevibacterium lactofermentum). In the present work, we investigated whether any other coryneform bacteria showed higher productivity than C. glutamicum ATCC13869. We found that most coryneform species secreted pro-transglutaminase efficiently. Moreover, we confirmed that ...
Semighini Camile P - - 2008
The isoprenoid farnesol was previously shown to induce morphological features characteristic of apoptosis in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans. This study demonstrates that under similar liquid media growth conditions, farnesol also triggers apoptosis in the plant pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum. However, unlike A. nidulans, F. graminearum spores treated with farnesol ...
Murad Cristiana - - 2008
This in vitro study evaluated, using a bacterial leakage model, whether intracanal medication with calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2]-based pastes prepared with different vehicles, has inhibitory effect on corono-apical leakage of bacteria. Forty instrumented human canines were dressed with Ca(OH)2 p.a. associated with: G1 = distilled water; G2 = polyethylene glycol (PG); ...
Ergin Sibel - - 2008
Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a rare type of psoriasis and is considered the most severe variant. Infantile pustular psoriasis (IPP) is a very rare form of GPP. Severe IPP may be difficult to control and is complicated by bacterial superinfection, dehydration, and sepsis. Herein, a 2.5-month-old infant with IPP ...
Ryan Richard J - - 2008
Moxifloxacin is a respiratory fluoroquinolone with a community acquired pneumonia indication. Unlike other fluoroquinolones used in our healthcare system, moxifloxacin's urinary excretion is low and thus we hypothesized that increased use of moxifloxacin is associated with an increase in fluoroquinolone resistance amongst gram negative uropathogens. All antibiograms for Gram negative ...
Malik Gyanendra K - - 2008
Neonatal meningitis is one of the important causes of infant mortality and morbidity. Periventricular white matter of neonatal brain is known to be vulnerable to oxidative and hypoxic/ischemic injury secondary to neuro-infections. The aim of this study was to assess periventricular white matter damage in neonatal bacterial meningitis using diffusion ...
Sufrin Janice R - - 2008
The purine nucleoside 5'-deoxy-5'-(hydroxyethylthio)-adenosine (HETA) is an analog of the polyamine pathway metabolite 5'-deoxy-5'-(methylthio)-adenosine (MTA). HETA is a lead structure for the ongoing development of selectively targeted trypanocidal agents. Thirteen novel HETA analogs were synthesized and examined for their in vitro trypanocidal activities against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei brucei ...
Vuillermin Peter J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that urinary tract infections (UTI) in young infants are rarely associated with meningitis. METHODS: We undertook a review of the laboratory results from 322 infants, 90 days of age or younger, with an admission or discharge diagnosis of UTI or meningitis. The study was conducted ...
Callen Jennifer - - 2007
This case report describes a 36-week gestational age infant diagnosed with coxsackie B1 meningitis at 20 days of age. A head ultrasound 5 days after diagnosis was consistent with cystic periventricular leukomalacia. The scientific literature does not clearly elucidate differences between bacterial and viral infections in infants. When difficulties arise, ...
Lenfestey Robert W - - 2007
OBJECT: Infection is a common and potentially devastating complication following placement of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reservoirs in neonates. The goal of this study was to determine the normal ranges for cell count parameters in neonates with VP shunts and CSF reservoirs, as well as to determine ...
Milinovich Gabriel J - - 2007
Carbohydrate-induced laminitis in horses is characterized by marked changes in the composition of the hindgut microbiota, from a predominantly Gram-negative population to one dominated by Gram-positive bacteria. The objective of this study was to monitor changes in the relative abundance of selected hindgut bacteria that have previously been implicated in ...
Yikilmaz Ali - - 2008
Cranial sonography plays an important role in the initial evaluation of infants with suspected bacterial meningitis and in monitoring for complications of the disease. Echogenic widening of the brain sulci, meningeal thickening and hyperemia suggest the diagnosis in an at-risk population. Sonography can identify the presence of extra-axial fluid collections, ...
Sugiarto Haryadi - - 2007
Ostricacin-1 and ostricacin-2 (Osp-1 and Osp-2) were beta-defensins antimicrobial peptides that were purified from ostrich leukocytes using a cation-exchange column and a semi-prep RP-HPLC column. Both ostricacins were subjected to increased concentrations of monovalent cations (K(+) and Na(+)) and divalent cations (Ca(2+) and Mg(2+)) in order to investigate the effect ...
Benca J - - 2007
Nosocomial neuroinfections due to Enterobacteriaceae represented 9.5% in our cohort of 171 cases of paediatric meningitis within last 15 years. Commonest etiologic agents was E. coli - 9 (50%) followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae - 3 (16,7%) and Enterobacter cloacae. Citrobacter freundii, Proteus mirabilis and Salmonella enteritidis (1 each). Commonest risk ...
Schmitz Thomas - - 2007
Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHHC) represents a major complication of preterm birth. The aim of this study was to determine whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-18, and interferon (IFN)-gamma are altered in the CSF of preterm infants with PHHC and may serve as a marker of white ...
Seimiya Yukio M - - 2007
Pathological and bacteriological examinations were carried out on a neonatal calf that had developed nervous symptoms such as opisthotonus and blindness since it was born one month prior to full term. The principal lesions were characterized by fibrinopurulent inflammation of the meninges, choroid plexuses, and ventricular walls with limited extension ...
Nakajima Wako - - 2007
The authors report a case of aseptic meningitis associated with cephalosporins in an infant. A 1-year-old boy with trisomy 21 received several antimicrobials including cefotaxime and ceftriaxone for bacterial meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae b. High fever continued for more than a month, and discontinuation of cefotaxime broke the fever ...
Falcão Mário Cícero - - 2007
To report a full-term newborn infant that developed a sepsis associated to meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C on the 14th day of life. The patient was a term female infant, born to a mother with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, with birth weight of 2,610 g, Apgar Score 1, 4 ...
Tanaka Kei - - 2007
We report a case of rapid progression of bilateral pyothorax exacerbated by viral influenza in an infant. The patient, an 11-month-old girl, was diagnosed with viral influenza, and oseltamivir phosphate was administered. However, after only 4 days the influenza was followed by rapid progression of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) pneumonia ...
Wagh Viyay B - - 2007
A 3-month-old infant presented with unilateral proptosis. Ophthalmic and physical examinations, computed tomography, and histopathologic examination of a biopsy specimen were performed. Histopathologic examination confirmed fungal orbital cellulitis. The patient responded to 6 weeks of antifungal therapy. Fungal orbital cellulitis should be included in the differential diagnosis for infants with ...
Raulo S M - - 2007
Although Finland has not experienced a classical swine fever (CSF) epidemic since 1917, the concern about early detection is relevant. The time until detection of CSF on a pig-breeding farm was predicted by simulation, and earlier detection of CSF-infected farms was assessed. Eight to 12 weeks will pass before CSF ...
Quiambao B P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the bacterial etiology, clinical presentation and risk factors for outcome of serious community-acquired infections in young infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants younger than 60 days, admitted for severe pneumonia or suspected sepsis/meningitis were prospectively evaluated using complete blood count, blood culture, chest radiograph, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture in ...
Abucejo-Ladesma Erma - - 2007
This paper describes the clinical profile and aetiology of bacterial meningitis in infants and children less than 5 y old admitted to a rural general hospital in the Philippines. A total of 989 infants and children 0-59 months old with suspected meningitis using a standardized guideline based on clinical signs ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters in Candida meningitis and the proportion of candidemia associated with Candida meningitis. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the initial lumbar puncture results from infants discharged from 150 Neonatal Intensive Care Units between 1997 and ...
Huang Yu-Tsung - - 2006
The case is presented of a pregnant woman at the 31st week of gestation with Listeria monocytogenes bacteraemia and microabscess formation in the endometrium, who delivered an infant with disseminated infection (meningitis and bacteraemia). The two patients were successfully treated with intravenous ampicillin and gentamicin. Molecular typing using random amplified ...
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