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Results 451 - 500 of 503
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Hoekelman R - - 1979
The potential consequences of bacteremia are considerable in all infants but particularly in those from 3 to 24 months of age with temperatures of 38.3 degrees C or more. Physicians have been advised to scrutinize these patients carefully with a variety of diagnostic tests and to treat their conditions vigorously ...
Gelmers H J - - 1979
The adverse side effects in a series of 439 myelographies with metrizamide were analyzed. The most frequent side effect was headache, which could be differentiated as early onset headache, related to hydrodynamic modifications in the spinal fluid following lumbar puncture, and late onset headache related to a metrizamide effect. The ...
Schreiner R L - - 1979
The incidence of non-traumatic, traumatic and unsuccessful lumbar punctures in 181 neonates was similar whether a needle with a stylet, a butterfly needle without stylet, or a standard venipuncture needle without stylet was used. Comparison of 20 lumbar puncture pairs in 17 patients showed that traumatic lumbar puncture does not ...
Siemes H - - 1979
CSF of a 4-month-old boy with prolonged, meningococcal meningitis revealed oligoclonal immunoglobulin G about 10 weeks after hospital admission. These proteins persisted for at least 4 months. In contrast to this child, a further 10 infants and young children with bacterial meningitis, whose CSF was examined between 4 weeks and ...
Sharma A K - - 1979
Spermatocrit values of the epididymal fluid were determined in 8 buffalo-bulls by micropuncture technique. The spermatocrit index in caput and cauda epididymidis was 42.63 +/- 0.79 and 56.13 +/- 0.94 per cent respectively. Based on this study it was calculated that 13.5 per cent of the fluid is resorbed between ...
Greene G R - - 1978
A 4-month-old female infant with meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type f had a hospital course complicated by sterile subdural effusions and persistent neurologic abnormalities. One year later she was normal in all respects. The infant's mother had serum bactericidal antibodies to H. influenzae type b but not to type ...
Quinn R J - - 1978
This report describes a case of meningitis caused by a Lancefield group C streptococcus (Streptococcus dysgalactiae) in a 9-week-old infant. Bacteria of this group rarely cause serious infections in man. The organism was identified as a member of Lancefield group C by the acid extraction method and as S. dysgalactiae ...
Chesney P J - - 1978
Meningitis due to Candida albicans was successfully treated in a 1.1 kg premature infant using combined antifungal therapy of amphotericin B for three weeks and 5-fluorocytosine for four months. Hydrocephalus and profound psychomotor retardation were present one year later. Psychomotor retardation, aqueductal stenosis and hydrocephalus were found to be common ...
Adams H - - 1978
The clinical presentation, bacteriological results, treatment, and outcome of Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in a newborn infant are described. The neonatal listeriosis was of the late-onset variety, and the infant survived the infection, but hydrocephalus, which necessitated operative relief, developed. Although 2 cases of Listeria meningitis have previously been described in ...
Wilfert C M - - 1978
It is clear from the preceding material that bacterial infection is a significant threat to the newborn infant. The most common gram-negative organism causing meningitis in the neonate is E. coli, and the invasive capacity of this organism is correlated with its polysaccharide antigen, K1. Careful studies of supportive care ...
Lilien L D - - 1978
Candida albicans meningitis was diagnosed in a 45-day-old premature infant whose birth weight was 1,616 gm. Symptoms consisted of poor weight gain and poor suckling. The combined use of amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) resulted in negative CSF cultures after 12 days of therapy. Amphotericin B was given for 45 ...
Takashima S - - 1978
Using microangiography combined with benzidine stains, we studied the development of vessels in the meninges, cortex, and white matter in 30 neonates, 16 infants and children, and eight neonates with periventricular leukomalacia. The vessels of the deep white matter, especially the ventriculofugal arteries, are useful as an index of cerebrovascular ...
Lee E L - - 1977
All of 16 infants with neonatal meningitis treated during a 30-month period were found to have accompanying ventriculitis at the time of the initial ventricular puncture. Fifteen of these infants were caused by gramm-negative organisms. All infants received antibiotics systemically and intraventricularly via an implanted ventriculostomy reservoir or by direct ...
Keller M A - - 1977
A 4 1/2-month-old male infant with systemic candidiasis had anuria secondary to Candida albicans fungus balls impacted in the renal pelves. The patient was treated with temporary urinary diversion, amphotericin B, and flucytosine. Six weeks after therapy had been concluded, the patient had C albicans arthritis of the right hip ...
Goldwater P N - - 1977
An epidemic of echovirus 19 infection in Auckland, New Zealand, during the summer of 1975-76 is reported. Echovirus 19 was recovered from 33 patients, 70 percent of whom had upper respiratory tract involvement, 55 percent presented with meningitis and 33 percent exhibited a rash. Gastroenteritis was diagnosed in 9 percent. ...
Goldacre M J - - 1977
Some of the main features of neonatal meningitis, studied in a defined population of infants, are reviewed. The incidence rate was twenty-six cases per 100 000 live-births. The case fatality rate was 43%. Gram-negative intestinal bacilli were the commonest infecting organisms. Streptococci accounted for an important minority of cases. It ...
Kume K - - 1977
Specific pathogen-free chickens (bursectomized and x-irradiated (SBx-X), thymectomized and x-irradiated, x-irradiated, as well as nontreated) were inoculated (in the right tibiometatarsal joint) at the 4th week after hatching with a synovitis-derived Mycoplasma synoviae strain. Differences were not observed in recovery rate of mycoplasmas from tissues among these groups. The SBx-X ...
Gilles F H - - 1977
We reviewed autopsies of neonates who had died of meningitis. Plexitis and ventricular exudate were usually present. While the pathogenetic relationship between these two phenomena is uncertain, it is possible that the glycogen-rich choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles not only facilitates local bacterial growth but also acts as a ...
Baltimore R S - - 1977
We report three mildly ill infants who had meningococcal bacteremia and in whom meningitis or fulminant septicemia never developed. The infants were observed during a three-month period. Two of these infants had pneumonia, as evidenced by infiltrates on chest roentgenogram. The serogroups of the organisms isolated were B, Y, and ...
Glode M P - - 1977
Human neonates are uniquely susceptible to serious infections due to Escherichia coli. Investigation of the serotypes of E. coli isolated from neonates with meningitis revealed that greater than 80% of the isolates possessed the capsular polysaccharide antigen designated K1. Cultures of stool from healthy infants, children, and adults have shown ...
Roberts K B - - 1977
Sixty-one febrile infants in the first eight weeks of life were evaluated for serious, treatable illness. Infants with bacteremia could not be distinguished from non-bacteremic infants by height of fever, white blood cell count, absolute number of juvenile or mature polymorphonuclear leukocytes, or the presence of a focus of infection ...
Tetzlaff T R - - 1977
Cases of otitis media in infants under 12 weeks of age were reviewed to delineate the frequency, clinical features, and etiologic agents involved. Tympanocentesis was performed in 42 infants, 0 to 5 weeks of age, and in 17, from 6 to 11 weeks of age. The most common symptoms were ...
Lewis B R - - 1977
A retrospective study of neonatal meningitis for a period of 6 years (1970 to 1975) is described. It was found that though the survival rate had increased since the introduction of the aminoglycosides, it was at the expense of major neurological sequelae in the survivors. It is suggested that breast ...
Azimi P H - - 1977
Two newborn siblings, one with meningitis and one with sepsis due to Listeria monocytogenes, were born to a healthy, 33-year-old woman. She had had a spontaneous abortion prior to the birth of these infants. In spite of negative cultures, persistence of this bacterium in the mother's genital tract and perinatal ...
Scurlock J M - - 1977
This paper presents four cases of fulminating neonatal sepsis with meningitis. In each infant, there was evidence of an infected circumcision wound. Two infants had Escherichia coli and two had Group B haemolytic streptococcus cultured from the cerebrospinal fluid. One infant died. The risk of introducing infection through iatrogenic portals ...
Moxon E R - - 1977
Abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid associated with meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae type b were characterized in infant rats. After intranasal inoculation of bacteria, the development of intense bacteremia (greater than 10(4) colony-forming units/ml) correlated with cultures of cerebrospinal fluid positive for H. influenzae, with pleocytosis, and with hisotologic evidence of ...
Helms P J - - 1977
A male infant of 32 weeks' gestational age who presented with recurrent apnoea on the second day of life was shown to have an Escherichia coli K1 antigen meningitis. Relapse occurred 6 days after an adequate systemic course of gentamicin and chloramphenicol and intrathecal gentamicin. This was successfully treated with ...
Edwards K - - 1977
Four infants with group B streptococcal meningitis had a delayed response to antibiotic therapy. Resolution of cerebrospinal fluid infection and/or pleocytosis occurred only after prolonged and intensive antimicrobial management. In this respect, these infants were similar to infants with gram-negative enteric meningitis. It is suggested that infants with group B ...
Windorfer A - - 1977
The serum half-life of cephacetrile and its penetration from the serum into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was determined in 33 premature and full-term neonates. On an average the serum half-life was 3.6 hours in children with a birth weight above 1,500 g; in children with a birth weight below 1,500 ...
Lepkifker E - - 1976
A simple, semiquantitative paper chromatographic method was used to identify samples of cerebrospinal fluid containing elevated concentrations of myo-inositol. All patients whose CSF inositol concentrations were greater than 70 mug/ml (as determined by S. carlsbergensis microbiological assay) showed disturbances of the state of consciousness, reported as stupor, coma or confusion ...
Philipp-Dormston W K - - 1976
Prostaglandin concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 38 febrile patients (from infants up to adults) were compared with those of 19 afebrile adult control persons. CSF samples were extracted and the prostaglandins groups of the extract separated by column chromatography. Concentrations of prostaglandins of the E and F series were ...
Myerowitz R L - - 1976
Experimental endogenous endophthalmitis was produced in infant rats by either intranasal or intraperitoneal inoculation with Haemophilus influenzae type b and 5 days of age. The ocular disease occurred in about 50% of bacteremic animals who survived to age 12 days and probably represents metastatic bacterial infection secondary to hematogenous seeding. ...
Ellis S S - - 1976
A full-term infant of an appropriate size for gestational age was found to have meningitis due to Lancefield group B beta-hemolytic streptococci at 8 weeks of age. On admission, the baby had bulging tympanic membranes Lancefield group B beta-hemolytic streptococci were isolated from aspirate of the middle ear, supporting the ...
Yeung C Y - - 1976
Twenty infants with neonatal meningitis were treated with systemic and lumbar intrathecal antibiotics upon initial diagnosis. Failure to sterilize the CSF in 2-3 days was associated with evidence of ventriculitis in these infants who were then treated with intraventricular antibiotics. 4 infants died, but only 2 of them may be ...
McCracken G H GH - - 1976
Eighteen institutions collaborated in evaluating the comparative efficacy of combined ampicillin and gentamicin therapy with and without intrathecal administration of gentamicin on the clinical and bacteriologic responses of 117 infants with meningitis caused by gram-negative enteric bacteria. There was a random distribution of patients within the two study groups with ...
Sarff L D - - 1976
Results of CSF examinations from 117 high-risk neonates were reviewed. The mean CSF cell count was 8.4 cells/mm3 and the range was 0 to 32 cells/mm.3 Approximately 60% of the CSF WBC were polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Average CSF protein concentrations were 90 mg/dl (range, 20-170 mg/dl) in term and 115 mg/dl ...
Lee E L - - 1976
Three newborn infants with meningitis due to Flavobacterium meningosepticum were treated with rifamycin administered parenterally and directly into the cerebral ventricles. Antibiotic concentrations of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were monitored during treatment. There was rapid sterilization of the CSF after this antibiotic. Jaundice was the only toxicity noted. All ...
Sabel K G - - 1976
We found that co-trimoxazole had a good clinical and antibacterial effect when given parenterally to infants with infections of the central nervous system. We showed good concentrations in the serum and satisfactory penetrations into the cerebrospinal fluid. In one case, there was a side effect which may have been due ...
Michalik J - - 1975
Monophenol monooxygenase (monophenol, dihydroxyphenylalanine:oxygen oxidoreductase EC 1.14.18.1) was studied in melanin-positive and melanin-negative mutants of Streptomyces lincolnensis NCIB 9413, varying in the lincomycin synthesizing ability. The activities of laccase and tyrosine phenol lyase (EC 4.1.99.2) are absent in this organism. The monophenol monooxygenase catalyzes hydroxylation of monophenols (K(m) and V(max) ...
Burech D L - - 1975
Five infants with fever, leukocytosis, and a cystic lesion superimposed on a swollen gingiva had pneumococcal bacteremia. Lesions were so characteristic that a presumptive diagnosis of pneumococcal bacteremia was made in the last three patients before confirmation by blood cultures. Infants who initially have these symptoms should be considered at ...
Windsor R S - - 1975
Twenty-eight pigs died in an outbreak of streptococcal meningitis in an East Anglian herd. Most were 10-14 weeks old. The outbreak lasted from January to April and was finally controlled by antibiotic therapy. A similar number of losses had occurred in the previous year though no diagnosis had then been ...
Sarff L D - - 1975
Although at least 100 different Escherichia coli capsular antigens have been recognised, strains possessing the K1 antigen are responsible for 77% of neonatal E. coli meningitis cases. K1 strains were found in 20-40% of rectal swab cultures from healthy infants, children, and adult women. Vertical transmission from mother to infant ...
Levy H L - - 1975
Three circumstances prompted us to reexamine the relationship between abnormal cystathionine accumulation and possible homocystinuria resulting from this condition: (a) discovery of an infant girl with apparently alternating massive cystathioninuria and homocystinuria; (b) the presence of homocystinuria in some, but not all, previously reported cases of cystathioninuria probably due to ...
Haughey K G - - 1975
Thirty Angus, Hereford and Shorthorn term calves dying before, during or within 7 days of birth in a large beef herd were autopsied. Selected specimens were examined histologically. Two carcasses were classified in the category of ante-parturient death, 24 as parturient, and 4 were classified in the post-parturient death category. ...
Escobedo M - - 1975
Prospective and retrospective data were collected from 394 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations performed in premature and full term infants in a neonatal intensive care unit from October, 1969, to April, 1973.Premature infants had an average of 6 WBCs/mn and 180 mg/100 ml protein in their CSF in the first week, ...
Kaiser E - - 1975
The main clinical features of neonatal purulent meningitis are discussed on the basis of 19 neonatal cases. The liability to infection of preterm and dysmature babies and the role of Gram-negative bacteria in the aetiology of neonatal meningitis is emphasized. Pathological perinatal events should be regarded as predisposing factors. From ...
Sabel K G - - 1975
Ten infants, 8 days to 10 months old, with meningitis and/or septicemia were considered therapeutic failures after conventional antibiotic treatment (i.e. kanamycin, ampicillin and sulfonamides) and given sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim parenterally. Nine patients recovered, 8 of them rapidly, and one after prolonged treatment for 34 days when kanamycin was added ...
Yoshioka H - - 1975
Following therapeutic intrathecal administration of cephaloridine to an 11-day-old premature infant with suspected meningitis, a generalized tonic convulsion was observed. Symptoms continued to subside over the next six hours, followed by postictal sleep. That convulsion and other symptoms were due to cephaloridine was confirmed when the second intrathecal administration produced ...
Wealthall S R - - 1975
Infants with myelomeningocele are liable to develop bacterial colonisation of the lesion which, in the case of Gram-negative bacteria, often progresses to meningitis because of the infants' immature immune status. The time and origin of the bacterial colonisation usually are uncertain. This study reports seven cases of meningitis caused by ...
Waites K B - - 1988
In a prospective study of meningitis in 100 predominantly preterm infants, Ureaplasma urealyticum was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 8 and Mycoplasma hominis from the CSF of 5 babies undergoing investigation of suspected sepsis or treatment of hydrocephalus. U urealyticum was isolated from 6 infants with severe intraventricular ...
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