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Results 451 - 484 of 484
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Glode M P - - 1977
Human neonates are uniquely susceptible to serious infections due to Escherichia coli. Investigation of the serotypes of E. coli isolated from neonates with meningitis revealed that greater than 80% of the isolates possessed the capsular polysaccharide antigen designated K1. Cultures of stool from healthy infants, children, and adults have shown ...
Roberts K B - - 1977
Sixty-one febrile infants in the first eight weeks of life were evaluated for serious, treatable illness. Infants with bacteremia could not be distinguished from non-bacteremic infants by height of fever, white blood cell count, absolute number of juvenile or mature polymorphonuclear leukocytes, or the presence of a focus of infection ...
Tetzlaff T R - - 1977
Cases of otitis media in infants under 12 weeks of age were reviewed to delineate the frequency, clinical features, and etiologic agents involved. Tympanocentesis was performed in 42 infants, 0 to 5 weeks of age, and in 17, from 6 to 11 weeks of age. The most common symptoms were ...
Lewis B R - - 1977
A retrospective study of neonatal meningitis for a period of 6 years (1970 to 1975) is described. It was found that though the survival rate had increased since the introduction of the aminoglycosides, it was at the expense of major neurological sequelae in the survivors. It is suggested that breast ...
Azimi P H - - 1977
Two newborn siblings, one with meningitis and one with sepsis due to Listeria monocytogenes, were born to a healthy, 33-year-old woman. She had had a spontaneous abortion prior to the birth of these infants. In spite of negative cultures, persistence of this bacterium in the mother's genital tract and perinatal ...
Scurlock J M - - 1977
This paper presents four cases of fulminating neonatal sepsis with meningitis. In each infant, there was evidence of an infected circumcision wound. Two infants had Escherichia coli and two had Group B haemolytic streptococcus cultured from the cerebrospinal fluid. One infant died. The risk of introducing infection through iatrogenic portals ...
Moxon E R - - 1977
Abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid associated with meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae type b were characterized in infant rats. After intranasal inoculation of bacteria, the development of intense bacteremia (greater than 10(4) colony-forming units/ml) correlated with cultures of cerebrospinal fluid positive for H. influenzae, with pleocytosis, and with hisotologic evidence of ...
Helms P J - - 1977
A male infant of 32 weeks' gestational age who presented with recurrent apnoea on the second day of life was shown to have an Escherichia coli K1 antigen meningitis. Relapse occurred 6 days after an adequate systemic course of gentamicin and chloramphenicol and intrathecal gentamicin. This was successfully treated with ...
Edwards K - - 1977
Four infants with group B streptococcal meningitis had a delayed response to antibiotic therapy. Resolution of cerebrospinal fluid infection and/or pleocytosis occurred only after prolonged and intensive antimicrobial management. In this respect, these infants were similar to infants with gram-negative enteric meningitis. It is suggested that infants with group B ...
Windorfer A - - 1977
The serum half-life of cephacetrile and its penetration from the serum into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was determined in 33 premature and full-term neonates. On an average the serum half-life was 3.6 hours in children with a birth weight above 1,500 g; in children with a birth weight below 1,500 ...
Lepkifker E - - 1976
A simple, semiquantitative paper chromatographic method was used to identify samples of cerebrospinal fluid containing elevated concentrations of myo-inositol. All patients whose CSF inositol concentrations were greater than 70 mug/ml (as determined by S. carlsbergensis microbiological assay) showed disturbances of the state of consciousness, reported as stupor, coma or confusion ...
Philipp-Dormston W K - - 1976
Prostaglandin concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 38 febrile patients (from infants up to adults) were compared with those of 19 afebrile adult control persons. CSF samples were extracted and the prostaglandins groups of the extract separated by column chromatography. Concentrations of prostaglandins of the E and F series were ...
Myerowitz R L - - 1976
Experimental endogenous endophthalmitis was produced in infant rats by either intranasal or intraperitoneal inoculation with Haemophilus influenzae type b and 5 days of age. The ocular disease occurred in about 50% of bacteremic animals who survived to age 12 days and probably represents metastatic bacterial infection secondary to hematogenous seeding. ...
Ellis S S - - 1976
A full-term infant of an appropriate size for gestational age was found to have meningitis due to Lancefield group B beta-hemolytic streptococci at 8 weeks of age. On admission, the baby had bulging tympanic membranes Lancefield group B beta-hemolytic streptococci were isolated from aspirate of the middle ear, supporting the ...
Yeung C Y - - 1976
Twenty infants with neonatal meningitis were treated with systemic and lumbar intrathecal antibiotics upon initial diagnosis. Failure to sterilize the CSF in 2-3 days was associated with evidence of ventriculitis in these infants who were then treated with intraventricular antibiotics. 4 infants died, but only 2 of them may be ...
McCracken G H GH - - 1976
Eighteen institutions collaborated in evaluating the comparative efficacy of combined ampicillin and gentamicin therapy with and without intrathecal administration of gentamicin on the clinical and bacteriologic responses of 117 infants with meningitis caused by gram-negative enteric bacteria. There was a random distribution of patients within the two study groups with ...
Sarff L D - - 1976
Results of CSF examinations from 117 high-risk neonates were reviewed. The mean CSF cell count was 8.4 cells/mm3 and the range was 0 to 32 cells/mm.3 Approximately 60% of the CSF WBC were polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Average CSF protein concentrations were 90 mg/dl (range, 20-170 mg/dl) in term and 115 mg/dl ...
Lee E L - - 1976
Three newborn infants with meningitis due to Flavobacterium meningosepticum were treated with rifamycin administered parenterally and directly into the cerebral ventricles. Antibiotic concentrations of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were monitored during treatment. There was rapid sterilization of the CSF after this antibiotic. Jaundice was the only toxicity noted. All ...
Sabel K G - - 1976
We found that co-trimoxazole had a good clinical and antibacterial effect when given parenterally to infants with infections of the central nervous system. We showed good concentrations in the serum and satisfactory penetrations into the cerebrospinal fluid. In one case, there was a side effect which may have been due ...
Michalik J - - 1975
Monophenol monooxygenase (monophenol, dihydroxyphenylalanine:oxygen oxidoreductase EC 1.14.18.1) was studied in melanin-positive and melanin-negative mutants of Streptomyces lincolnensis NCIB 9413, varying in the lincomycin synthesizing ability. The activities of laccase and tyrosine phenol lyase (EC 4.1.99.2) are absent in this organism. The monophenol monooxygenase catalyzes hydroxylation of monophenols (K(m) and V(max) ...
Burech D L - - 1975
Five infants with fever, leukocytosis, and a cystic lesion superimposed on a swollen gingiva had pneumococcal bacteremia. Lesions were so characteristic that a presumptive diagnosis of pneumococcal bacteremia was made in the last three patients before confirmation by blood cultures. Infants who initially have these symptoms should be considered at ...
Windsor R S - - 1975
Twenty-eight pigs died in an outbreak of streptococcal meningitis in an East Anglian herd. Most were 10-14 weeks old. The outbreak lasted from January to April and was finally controlled by antibiotic therapy. A similar number of losses had occurred in the previous year though no diagnosis had then been ...
Sarff L D - - 1975
Although at least 100 different Escherichia coli capsular antigens have been recognised, strains possessing the K1 antigen are responsible for 77% of neonatal E. coli meningitis cases. K1 strains were found in 20-40% of rectal swab cultures from healthy infants, children, and adult women. Vertical transmission from mother to infant ...
Levy H L - - 1975
Three circumstances prompted us to reexamine the relationship between abnormal cystathionine accumulation and possible homocystinuria resulting from this condition: (a) discovery of an infant girl with apparently alternating massive cystathioninuria and homocystinuria; (b) the presence of homocystinuria in some, but not all, previously reported cases of cystathioninuria probably due to ...
Haughey K G - - 1975
Thirty Angus, Hereford and Shorthorn term calves dying before, during or within 7 days of birth in a large beef herd were autopsied. Selected specimens were examined histologically. Two carcasses were classified in the category of ante-parturient death, 24 as parturient, and 4 were classified in the post-parturient death category. ...
Escobedo M - - 1975
Prospective and retrospective data were collected from 394 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations performed in premature and full term infants in a neonatal intensive care unit from October, 1969, to April, 1973.Premature infants had an average of 6 WBCs/mn and 180 mg/100 ml protein in their CSF in the first week, ...
Kaiser E - - 1975
The main clinical features of neonatal purulent meningitis are discussed on the basis of 19 neonatal cases. The liability to infection of preterm and dysmature babies and the role of Gram-negative bacteria in the aetiology of neonatal meningitis is emphasized. Pathological perinatal events should be regarded as predisposing factors. From ...
Sabel K G - - 1975
Ten infants, 8 days to 10 months old, with meningitis and/or septicemia were considered therapeutic failures after conventional antibiotic treatment (i.e. kanamycin, ampicillin and sulfonamides) and given sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim parenterally. Nine patients recovered, 8 of them rapidly, and one after prolonged treatment for 34 days when kanamycin was added ...
Yoshioka H - - 1975
Following therapeutic intrathecal administration of cephaloridine to an 11-day-old premature infant with suspected meningitis, a generalized tonic convulsion was observed. Symptoms continued to subside over the next six hours, followed by postictal sleep. That convulsion and other symptoms were due to cephaloridine was confirmed when the second intrathecal administration produced ...
Wealthall S R - - 1975
Infants with myelomeningocele are liable to develop bacterial colonisation of the lesion which, in the case of Gram-negative bacteria, often progresses to meningitis because of the infants' immature immune status. The time and origin of the bacterial colonisation usually are uncertain. This study reports seven cases of meningitis caused by ...
Waites K B - - 1988
In a prospective study of meningitis in 100 predominantly preterm infants, Ureaplasma urealyticum was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 8 and Mycoplasma hominis from the CSF of 5 babies undergoing investigation of suspected sepsis or treatment of hydrocephalus. U urealyticum was isolated from 6 infants with severe intraventricular ...
Moorhouse E C - - 1969
Antibiotic-resistant enterobacteria, the vast majority of which carried transmissible R factors, were isolated from 81 out of a total of 100 healthy infants. There was surprisingly little correlation between previous antibacterial therapy and the resistant enterobacterial flora.
Carpenter C C - - 1968
In response to intraluminal challenge with crude cholera exotoxin, canine Thiry-Vella duodenal loops consistently produced isotonic fluid for a 24-36 hr period. Isotonic fluid production generally began within 15 min after challenge. Mean bicarbonate concentration of fluid produced by duodenal loops was 24+/-6 (SD) mEq/liter. Perfusion of exotoxin-treated duodenal loops ...
Taylor W J - - 1965
Four hundred and seventeen medical students at the University of Toronto were used as both subjects and observers in a series of double-blind experiments to determine possible toxic effects following oral ingestion of various combinations of 2 mg. atropine, 10 mg. metaraminol and 1 g. pyridine aldoxime methanesulfonate (P(2)S). Heart ...
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