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Morken N-H NH Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
To identify high-risk fetuses at the first routinely performed ultrasound examination by making use of information from the mother's previous pregnancy. A population-based cohort study. Norway, 1999-2009. All singleton first live births and their second-born siblings registered in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (166 786 eligible sibling pairs). Odds ratios ...
Seim Anders R AR Health and Development International, Fjellstrand, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the impact of a pilot community-mobilization program on maternal and perinatal mortality and obstetric fistula in Niger. In the program, village volunteers identify and evacuate women with protracted labor, provide education, and collect data on pregnancies, births, and deaths. These data were used to calculate the reduction in ...
Kenkel William M WM Northeastern University, Department of - - 2014
The neuropeptide oxytocin was first noted for its capacity to promote uterine contractions and facilitate delivery in mammals. The study of oxytocin has grown to include awareness that this peptide is a neuromodulator with broad effects throughout the body. Accumulating evidence suggests that oxytocin is a powerful signal to the ...
Dahlen Hannah Grace HG University of Western Sydney, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 2751, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is evidence that a significant number of women are fearful about birth but less is known about the fears of maternity health providers and how their fear may impact on the women they care for. The aim of this study was to determine the top fears midwives in Australia ...
Carolan-Olah Mary M School of Nursing and Midwifery, St Alban׳s Campus, Victoria University, PO Box 14228, Melbourne 8001, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
normal birth has major advantages for mothers and infants. Nonetheless, in the developed world, rates of normal birth have declined significantly over the past 20 years, and many women currently have caesarean section births for unclear reasons. Midwives are interested in ameliorating this trend and aim to facilitate women to ...
Plagens-Rotman Katarzyna K Department of Mother's and Child's Health, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, - - 2014
introduction. Natural breastfeeding is the only proper way to feed newborns and infants because it ensures their proper development. Breastfeeding enhances health and protects against the development of many diseases in childhood and adulthood. The primary benefits of breastfeeding include reduced incidences of infection in the respiratory system as well ...
Wang Liang-Kai LK Division of High Risk Pregnancy, Mackay Memorial - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the trends and risk factors of preterm birth from all the women who delivered during 2001-2009 in Taiwan. We analyzed the preterm birth rates, the proportions of obstetric antecedents and risk factors in the population of pregnant women and neonatal Apgar scores ...
Hartigan L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Firstly, to assess the incidence of vaginal breech deliveries within a tertiary obstetric unit. Secondly to determine obstetric characteristics and thirdly, the maternal and fetal outcomes of this population over an 11-year period following the publication of the 'Term breech trial'. A retrospective observational study of prospectively gathered data on ...
Cope Ev E Hull York Medical School, Hull/ York, - - 2014
Women with diabetes may need elective preterm delivery due to pregnancy or diabetes related complications. The aim of this audit was to describe the neonatal outcomes arising from elective preterm delivery in diabetic women. The study was a retrospective audit in which suitable patients were identified by the obstetric team ...
Mackie Fl F Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
To assess the effect on maternal and neonatal outcomes of the amalgamation of two maternity units (Category A and B) to form a C2 "super-centre", and the subsequent increase in consultant labour ward cover from 40 h/week to 111 h/week. Pre- and post-amalgamation data were extracted from an electronic Maternity ...
Ensing Sabine S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The objective of the present study is to investigate trends in birth asphyxia and perinatal mortality in the Netherlands over the last decade. Methods: A nationwide cohort study among women with a term singleton pregnancy. We assessed trends in birth asphyxia in relation to obstetric interventions for fetal ...
Macdonald E M EM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada N6A 5C1. Electronic address: - - 2014
To elucidate how obstetric conditions are associated with atypical placental weight ratios (PWR)s in infants born: (a) ≥37 weeks gestation; (b) at ≥33 but <37 weeks gestation; and (c) <33 weeks gestation. The study included all in-hospital singleton births in London, Ontario between June 1, 2006 and March 31, 2011. ...
Brazier Ellen E a EngenderHealth , New York , New York , - - 2014
ABSTRACT This article presents findings from a study on women's delivery care-seeking in two regions of Guinea. We explored exposure to interventions promoting birth preparedness and complication readiness among women with recent live births and stillbirths. Using multivariate regression models, we identified factors associated with women's knowledge and practices related ...
Komorowski Leanne K LK Southcentral Foundation, Anchorage, AK, - - 2014
Perineal trauma after vaginal delivery can have significant long-term consequences. It is unknown if a larger infant head circumference or smaller maternal perineal anatomy are risk factors for perineal trauma after vaginal delivery. We conducted a prospective cohort study of low-risk nulliparous women. Data collected included maternal characteristics, antepartum Pelvic ...
Ananth Cande V CV Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY; Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, and placental abruption are serious obstetrical complications that constitute the syndrome of ischemic placental disease and account for a disproportionate degree of perinatal morbidity and mortality. We review the risks of stillbirth and neonatal and infant mortality in relation to ischemic placental disease, focusing on population-based ...
Fallon Sara C SC Texas Children's Fetal Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas; Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Previous studies of infants with esophageal atresia (EA) suggest those diagnosed prenatally have worse outcomes because of a higher incidence of associated anomalies. The purpose of this study was to compare characteristics and outcomes of infants with EA diagnosed after fetal center evaluation to those diagnosed postnatally. The records of ...
Gorman D R DR Department of Public Health, NHS Lothian, Waverley Gate, 2-4 Waterloo Place, Edinburgh EH1 3EG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Birth outcomes in migrants vary, but the relative explanatory influence of obstetric practice in origin and destination countries has been under-investigated. To explore this, birth outcomes of Scots and Polish migrants to Scotland were compared with Polish obstetric data. Poles are the largest group of migrants to Scotland, and Poland ...
Vogel Jp J School of Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia; Department of Reproductive Health and Research, UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), World Health Organization, Geneva, - - 2014
We aimed to determine the prevalence and risks of late fetal deaths (LFDs) and early neonatal deaths (ENDs) in women with medical and obstetric complications. Secondary analysis of the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health (WHOMCS). A total of 359 participating facilities in 29 countries. A total of ...
Adeniran A S AS Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin /University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes in booked grandmultiparas (para e"5) and compare with outcome in age and social status matched booked multiparas (para 2-4) after eliminating confounders. A cohort study with grandmultiparas (subjects) and age and social status matched multiparas as controls. All participants were counseled ...
Fernandes Taciana Fernanda dos Santos - - 2014
Serum retinol concentrations were compared in a consecutive series of 65 mother-newborn pairs at delivery in a public maternity hospital in Recife, Brazil, from January to August 2008 and examined their association with biological, socioeconomic, environmental and obstetrical characteristics. Serum retinol concentrations of the newborns (umbilical cord) and mothers (brachial ...
Bassil Kate L KL Maternal-Infant Care Research Institute, Mount Sinai - - 2014
There is concern that obstetrical interventions (pre-labour cesarean section and induced delivery) are drivers of late preterm (LP) birth. Our objective was to evaluate the independent association between obstetrical interventions and LP birth and explore associated independent maternal and fetal risk factors for LP birth. In this population-based cross-sectional study, ...
Nelson David B DB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstetric antecedents were analyzed in births where the infant received whole-body cooling for neonatal encephalopathy. This retrospective cohort study included all live-born singleton infants delivered at or beyond 36 weeks gestation from October 2005 through December 2011. Infants who had received whole-body cooling identified by review of a prospective neonatal ...
Naz Uzma U Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit-II, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the obstetric outcome in terms of risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, cesarean section rate and anemia in primigravid adolescents and older primigravida. Study Design: Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore, from July to December ...
Brodrick Alison A Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Jessop - - 2014
A survey into women's experiences of giving birth in the UK published in October 2013, provides a useful insight (Birthrights UK 2013). It is the first of its kind to capture women's views on dignity in childbirth. The survey reflects the importance of place of birth, with women who gave ...
Furukawa Seishi S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara-Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Determine the impact of cesarean section (CS) on neonatal outcome of infants born at 23weeks of gestation. A retrospective study was performed involving 34 infants born at 23weeks and 91 infants born at 24-26weeks. Indications necessitating delivery were severe pregnancy induced hypertension, non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns (NRFHRs), or intrauterine ...
Story L L Women's Health Academic Centre. Kings College London, St Thomas's Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7EH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cervical cerclage is a common obstetric procedure, performed in an attempt to reduce the likelihood of late miscarriage and preterm delivery. Many questions still remain unanswered, however, regarding its efficacy and the populations most likely to benefit. Existing studies often use endpoints such as preterm delivery, but associations between preterm ...
Little S E SE Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate whether the national emphasis on attaining 39 weeks gestation has altered obstetric practice, and if so whether this has affected perinatal morbidity.Study Design:We examined trends in gestational age, neonatal morbidity, maternal complications and stillbirth for a retrospective cohort of singleton, live births between 37+0 and 39+6 weeks of ...
Kim T H - - 2014
Anogenital distance (AGD) is a sexually dimorphic trait; AGD is an external marker of sexual differentiation at birth in animals. The present study used a prospective, cross-sectional design. Data were collected from newborn infants that were delivered at hospital in Bucheon between March and September 2009. The mothers of the ...
Bahadori F F Reproductive Health Research Centre, Urmia University of Medical - - 2014
The Islamic Republic of Iran has witnessed a sharp increase in the number of caesarean sections in the past two decades. This study shows the trend of caesarean sections in the country, focusing on the probable causes of the increase during the past 30 years. The caesarean section rate was ...
Ezugwu E C EC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ittuku-Ozalla, - - 2014
To assess the impact of the adoption of evidence based guidelines on maternal mortality reduction at Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. A retrospective review of all maternal deaths between 1 st January, 2005 and 31 st December, 2010 was carried out. Evidence based management guidelines for eclampsia and post-partum ...
Pyykönen A - - 2013
To study the differences in neonatal outcome and treatment measures in Finnish obstetric units. A registry study with Medical Birth Register data. All births (n = 2 94 726) in Finland from 2006 to 2010 with a focus on term, singleton non-university deliveries. All 34 delivery units were grouped into small (below 1000), mid-sized ...
Subramanian Subramanian - - 2013
Tunneled lower extremity peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are placed in infants under combined ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance in the interventional radiology suite. In infants requiring a bedside procedure, image guidance is limited, often using portable radiographs during the procedure. This report demonstrates feasibility of placing tunneled lower extremity PICCs ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2013
Confusion in terminology and non-standardized definitions can arguably be classified as the most important characteristics that lead to disparate study findings. While such situations abound in all of perinatal epidemiology, the study of "periviable birth" is a classic case in point. The most common term used to describe periviable birth ...
Chiabi Andreas A Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital/Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for preterm births in the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Cameroon, and to describe their outcomes. We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study of hospital records over eight years. The incidence of prematurity was 26.5 % of admissions over ...
Ramakrishnan Rema - - 2013
Background:Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for 6 months. Successful breastfeeding requires support from family members, peers, and health care professionals.Objective:This study aimed to determine the association between maternal perception of the attitudes of obstetric and pediatric care providers about infant feeding during the neonatal period and exclusive breastfeeding at 1, 3, ...
El-Ardat Mohammad Abou MA Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center of Sarajevo University, Bosnia and - - 2013
Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo represents a tertiary level of health care with more than 3,000 births during one year. The aim of this article is to present the operation of the birth room at the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in 2012. Data were ...
Rigó János J - - 2013
We evaluated the trends of the last decades in maternal mortality in Hungary and compared Hungarian results with those of other European countries. Cases of maternal death in Hungary during the study period from calendar year 1978 to 2010 were analyzed in a retrospective manner to characterize mortality distribution and ...
Taittonen L - - 2013
To study the opinions of paediatric and obstetric personnel on the perinatal treatment and delivery outcome of infants from 22(+0) to 27(+6) weeks' gestation. An email questionnaire was sent to 2,963 professionals in 32 maternity hospitals in Finland. The questionnaire survey was completed by 856 (28%) professionals in 30 hospitals. ...
Rådestad Ingela - - 2013
to explore mothers' experiences of the confirmation of ultrasound examination results and how they were told that their baby had died in-utero. in-depth interviews. Sweden. 26 mothers of stillborn babies. narratives were analysed using a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. the mothers experienced that silence prevailed during the ...
Dietz Patricia M - - 2013
The birth certificate variable obstetric estimate of gestational age (OE) has not been previously validated against gestational age based on estimated date of delivery (EDD) from medical records. We estimated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for preterm delivery ...
Mostello D - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether congenital anomalies are associated with breech presentation at the time of birth.Study Design:A population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted among 460 147 women with singleton live births using the Missouri Birth Defects Registry, which includes all defects diagnosed during the first year of life. Maternal and obstetric characteristics ...
Barradas Danielle T - - 2013
Obstetric estimate (OE) of gestational age, recently added to the standard US birth certificate, has not been validated. Using early ultrasound-based gestational age (prior to 20 weeks gestation) as the criterion standard, we estimated the prevalence of preterm delivery and the sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of gestational age ...
Christensen R D - - 2013
Objective:The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology Committee on Obstetric Practice recently endorsed delayed cord clamping at preterm delivery. However, the committee report expressed the concern by some practitioners that delayed clamping or cord milking might induce hyperviscosity in preterm neonates. To address this issue we: (1) established reference ranges ...
Austin Marie-Paule - - 2013
To examine the impact of pregnancy exposure to antidepressants on infant neurodevelopment. A prospective, longitudinal study in which antidepressant exposed (N = 35) and non-exposed (N=23) infants were administered the Bailey Scales of Infant Development (BSID -III) at 18 months which measures neurodevelopment across five domains. Data on obstetric and ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2013
To investigate whether biomarkers from different pathways of spontaneous preterm birth (cervical membrane degradation [fetal fibronectin], cervical remodeling [soluble E-cadherin], and inflammation (elafin, surfactant protein-D, interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were superior to one biomarker alone in predicting preterm birth. Our secondary objective was to examine the association of these biomarkers with cervical ...
Bozzetti Valentina - - 2013
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a severe and quite common problem in obstetrics. A condition of placental dysfunction can lead to a cardiovascular adaptation in the fetus characterized by a redistribution of cardiac output to maintain oxygen supply to the heart, adrenal glands and brain - the so-called brain sparing ...
Pallasmaa Nanneli N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the rate of cesarean sections in 12 delivery units in Finland, and to assess possible associations between cesarean section rates and maternal and neonatal complications. Prospective multicenter cohort study. The 12 largest delivery units in Finland. Total obstetric population between 1 January ...
Soll Roger F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To identify changes in clinical practices for infants with birth weights of 501 to 1500 g born from 2000 to 2009.METHODS:We used prospectively collected registry data for 355 806 infants born from 2000 to 2009 and cared for at 669 North American hospitals in the Vermont Oxford Network. Main outcome measures ...
Ohuoba Esohe - - 2013
Fetal intestinal volvulus is a rare life-threatening condition. Late diagnosis of volvulus contributes to high rate of morbidity and mortality. It has variable degrees of presentation and survival. Intrauterine volvulus may be complicated by intestinal atresia due to ischemic necrosis. To our knowledge, there are three reported cases of term ...
Ijpma Frank F A - - 2013
'The anatomy lesson of Dr. Frederik Ruysch' (1683) belongs to the famous collection of group portraits of the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons. In this painting, Ruysch is portrayed with a dissected corpse of a newborn, which was still attached to its placenta. Several guild officials as well as his son, ...
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