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Komorowski Leanne K LK Southcentral Foundation, Anchorage, AK, - - 2014
Perineal trauma after vaginal delivery can have significant long-term consequences. It is unknown if a larger infant head circumference or smaller maternal perineal anatomy are risk factors for perineal trauma after vaginal delivery. We conducted a prospective cohort study of low-risk nulliparous women. Data collected included maternal characteristics, antepartum Pelvic ...
Gorman D R DR Department of Public Health, NHS Lothian, Waverley Gate, 2-4 Waterloo Place, Edinburgh EH1 3EG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Birth outcomes in migrants vary, but the relative explanatory influence of obstetric practice in origin and destination countries has been under-investigated. To explore this, birth outcomes of Scots and Polish migrants to Scotland were compared with Polish obstetric data. Poles are the largest group of migrants to Scotland, and Poland ...
Vogel Jp J School of Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia; Department of Reproductive Health and Research, UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), World Health Organization, Geneva, - - 2014
We aimed to determine the prevalence and risks of late fetal deaths (LFDs) and early neonatal deaths (ENDs) in women with medical and obstetric complications. Secondary analysis of the WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health (WHOMCS). A total of 359 participating facilities in 29 countries. A total of ...
Bassil Kate L KL Maternal-Infant Care Research Institute, Mount Sinai - - 2014
There is concern that obstetrical interventions (pre-labour cesarean section and induced delivery) are drivers of late preterm (LP) birth. Our objective was to evaluate the independent association between obstetrical interventions and LP birth and explore associated independent maternal and fetal risk factors for LP birth. In this population-based cross-sectional study, ...
Nelson David B DB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstetric antecedents were analyzed in births where the infant received whole-body cooling for neonatal encephalopathy. This retrospective cohort study included all live-born singleton infants delivered at or beyond 36 weeks gestation from October 2005 through December 2011. Infants who had received whole-body cooling identified by review of a prospective neonatal ...
Naz Uzma U Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit-II, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, - - 2014
Objective: To compare the obstetric outcome in terms of risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, cesarean section rate and anemia in primigravid adolescents and older primigravida. Study Design: Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore, from July to December ...
Brodrick Alison A Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Jessop - - 2014
A survey into women's experiences of giving birth in the UK published in October 2013, provides a useful insight (Birthrights UK 2013). It is the first of its kind to capture women's views on dignity in childbirth. The survey reflects the importance of place of birth, with women who gave ...
Furukawa Seishi S Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara-Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Determine the impact of cesarean section (CS) on neonatal outcome of infants born at 23weeks of gestation. A retrospective study was performed involving 34 infants born at 23weeks and 91 infants born at 24-26weeks. Indications necessitating delivery were severe pregnancy induced hypertension, non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns (NRFHRs), or intrauterine ...
Story L L Women's Health Academic Centre. Kings College London, St Thomas's Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7EH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cervical cerclage is a common obstetric procedure, performed in an attempt to reduce the likelihood of late miscarriage and preterm delivery. Many questions still remain unanswered, however, regarding its efficacy and the populations most likely to benefit. Existing studies often use endpoints such as preterm delivery, but associations between preterm ...
Little S E SE Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Objective:To investigate whether the national emphasis on attaining 39 weeks gestation has altered obstetric practice, and if so whether this has affected perinatal morbidity.Study Design:We examined trends in gestational age, neonatal morbidity, maternal complications and stillbirth for a retrospective cohort of singleton, live births between 37+0 and 39+6 weeks of ...
Ezugwu E C - - 2014
Objective: To assess the impact of the adoption of evidence based guidelines on maternal mortality reduction at Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of all maternal deaths between 1 st January, 2005 and 31 st December, 2010 was carried out. Evidence based management guidelines ...
Pyykönen A - - 2013
To study the differences in neonatal outcome and treatment measures in Finnish obstetric units. A registry study with Medical Birth Register data. All births (n = 2 94 726) in Finland from 2006 to 2010 with a focus on term, singleton non-university deliveries. All 34 delivery units were grouped into small (below 1000), mid-sized ...
Subramanian Subramanian - - 2013
Tunneled lower extremity peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are placed in infants under combined ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance in the interventional radiology suite. In infants requiring a bedside procedure, image guidance is limited, often using portable radiographs during the procedure. This report demonstrates feasibility of placing tunneled lower extremity PICCs ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2013
Confusion in terminology and non-standardized definitions can arguably be classified as the most important characteristics that lead to disparate study findings. While such situations abound in all of perinatal epidemiology, the study of "periviable birth" is a classic case in point. The most common term used to describe periviable birth ...
Chiabi Andreas A Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital/Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for preterm births in the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital in Cameroon, and to describe their outcomes. We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study of hospital records over eight years. The incidence of prematurity was 26.5 % of admissions over ...
Ramakrishnan Rema - - 2013
Background:Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for 6 months. Successful breastfeeding requires support from family members, peers, and health care professionals.Objective:This study aimed to determine the association between maternal perception of the attitudes of obstetric and pediatric care providers about infant feeding during the neonatal period and exclusive breastfeeding at 1, 3, ...
El-Ardat Mohammad Abou MA Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center of Sarajevo University, Bosnia and - - 2013
Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo represents a tertiary level of health care with more than 3,000 births during one year. The aim of this article is to present the operation of the birth room at the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in 2012. Data were ...
Rigó János J - - 2013
We evaluated the trends of the last decades in maternal mortality in Hungary and compared Hungarian results with those of other European countries. Cases of maternal death in Hungary during the study period from calendar year 1978 to 2010 were analyzed in a retrospective manner to characterize mortality distribution and ...
Taittonen L - - 2013
To study the opinions of paediatric and obstetric personnel on the perinatal treatment and delivery outcome of infants from 22(+0) to 27(+6) weeks' gestation. An email questionnaire was sent to 2,963 professionals in 32 maternity hospitals in Finland. The questionnaire survey was completed by 856 (28%) professionals in 30 hospitals. ...
Rådestad Ingela - - 2013
to explore mothers' experiences of the confirmation of ultrasound examination results and how they were told that their baby had died in-utero. in-depth interviews. Sweden. 26 mothers of stillborn babies. narratives were analysed using a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. the mothers experienced that silence prevailed during the ...
Dietz Patricia M - - 2013
The birth certificate variable obstetric estimate of gestational age (OE) has not been previously validated against gestational age based on estimated date of delivery (EDD) from medical records. We estimated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for preterm delivery ...
Mostello D - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether congenital anomalies are associated with breech presentation at the time of birth.Study Design:A population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted among 460 147 women with singleton live births using the Missouri Birth Defects Registry, which includes all defects diagnosed during the first year of life. Maternal and obstetric characteristics ...
Barradas Danielle T - - 2013
Obstetric estimate (OE) of gestational age, recently added to the standard US birth certificate, has not been validated. Using early ultrasound-based gestational age (prior to 20 weeks gestation) as the criterion standard, we estimated the prevalence of preterm delivery and the sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of gestational age ...
Christensen R D - - 2013
Objective:The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology Committee on Obstetric Practice recently endorsed delayed cord clamping at preterm delivery. However, the committee report expressed the concern by some practitioners that delayed clamping or cord milking might induce hyperviscosity in preterm neonates. To address this issue we: (1) established reference ranges ...
Austin Marie-Paule - - 2013
To examine the impact of pregnancy exposure to antidepressants on infant neurodevelopment. A prospective, longitudinal study in which antidepressant exposed (N = 35) and non-exposed (N=23) infants were administered the Bailey Scales of Infant Development (BSID -III) at 18 months which measures neurodevelopment across five domains. Data on obstetric and ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2013
To investigate whether biomarkers from different pathways of spontaneous preterm birth (cervical membrane degradation [fetal fibronectin], cervical remodeling [soluble E-cadherin], and inflammation (elafin, surfactant protein-D, interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were superior to one biomarker alone in predicting preterm birth. Our secondary objective was to examine the association of these biomarkers with cervical ...
Bozzetti Valentina - - 2013
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a severe and quite common problem in obstetrics. A condition of placental dysfunction can lead to a cardiovascular adaptation in the fetus characterized by a redistribution of cardiac output to maintain oxygen supply to the heart, adrenal glands and brain - the so-called brain sparing ...
Soll Roger F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To identify changes in clinical practices for infants with birth weights of 501 to 1500 g born from 2000 to 2009.METHODS:We used prospectively collected registry data for 355 806 infants born from 2000 to 2009 and cared for at 669 North American hospitals in the Vermont Oxford Network. Main outcome measures ...
Ohuoba Esohe - - 2013
Fetal intestinal volvulus is a rare life-threatening condition. Late diagnosis of volvulus contributes to high rate of morbidity and mortality. It has variable degrees of presentation and survival. Intrauterine volvulus may be complicated by intestinal atresia due to ischemic necrosis. To our knowledge, there are three reported cases of term ...
Ijpma Frank F A - - 2013
'The anatomy lesson of Dr. Frederik Ruysch' (1683) belongs to the famous collection of group portraits of the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons. In this painting, Ruysch is portrayed with a dissected corpse of a newborn, which was still attached to its placenta. Several guild officials as well as his son, ...
Pallasmaa Nanneli - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the rate of cesarean sections in 12 delivery units in Finland, and to assess possible associations between cesarean section rates and maternal and neonatal complications. Prospective multicenter cohort study. 12 largest delivery units in Finland. Total obstetric population between 1.1.2005 and 30.6.2005 ...
Xue Zhanyou - - 2013
Antenatal urine of 497 pregnant women was collected in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of a county hospital in Jiaozuo, Henan. The content of the main metabolites of synthetic pyrethroid pesticides in urine were determined. After 1 year, physical development indices of 1-year old infants, such as height, weight, ...
Lee J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The pathogenesis of late preterm birth remains elusive for the mechanisms of disease responsible. Placental examination can often provide important clues for the pathogenesis of pregnancy complications. This study was conducted to determine placental pathologic findings according to the gestational age and the clinical circumstances of preterm birth. STUDY ...
Hammond G G Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia. - - 2013
To characterise changing risk factors of preterm birth in Western Australia between 1984 and 2006. Population-based study. Western Australia. All non-Aboriginal women giving birth to live singleton infants between 1984 and 2006. Multinomial, multivariable regression models were used to assess antecedent profiles by preterm status and labour onset types (spontaneous, ...
Chin K F - - 2013
We investigated the predictive value of intra-operative neurophysiological investigations in obstetric brachial plexus injuries. Between January 2005 and June 2011 a total of 32 infants of 206 referred to our unit underwent exploration of the plexus, including neurolysis. The findings from intra-operative electromyography, sensory evoked potentials across the lesion and ...
Kim E W - - 2013
Objective:We assessed a telemedicine (TM) network's effects on decreasing deliveries of very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) neonates in hospitals without Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) and statewide infant mortality.Study design:This prospective study used obstetrical and neonatal interventions through TM consults, education and census rounds with 9 hospitals from 1 ...
Saito Shigeru - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess adverse fetal outcomes and short-term prognoses of infants exposed to oseltamivir or zanamivir in utero during pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: Case series study. We asked the 2611 obstetrical facilities in Japan that are members of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology to participate, ...
Yamada Takahiro - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of transcervical balloon catheter (TCBC) for induction of labor (IOL) is a risk factor for cerebral palsy (CP) associated with umbilical cord prolapse (UCP-CP) in singleton pregnancies with cephalic presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among all 102 infants with ...
Xie Ri-Hua - - 2013
Background: Sequential use of vacuum and obstetric forceps for vaginal delivery is associated with increased risks of adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to estimate the frequency of sequential use of vacuum and forceps for planned vaginal delivery and to identify predictors, using data ...
Räisänen Sari - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for true umbilical cord knot and to evaluate its association with fetal death, premature birth, low birth weight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, low Apgar score at 1 and 5minutes, fetal venous pH of 7.15 or lower, and need for neonatal intensive care in singleton pregnancies. METHODS: ...
Janoo Jabin - - 2013
Gastrochisis is a congenital condition resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Multiple studies have been done to evaluate the value of prognostic indicators with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ultrasound in this condition at a single institution while limiting the provider variables ...
Baroutis Georgios G Neonatal Department, Alexandra Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2013
To identify preterm birth trends in Greece. Retrospective epidemiological study. Women giving birth in Greece from 1980 to 2008. Live births beyond the 24th gestational week. Data acquisition from the Hellenic Vital Statistics records. Statistical analysis of preterm birth rate among neonates estimated for each year. Total number of births ...
Yego Faith - - 2013
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence of maternal and early neonatal mortality in women who gave birth at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Kenya (MTRH) and describe clinical and other characteristics and circumstances associated with maternal and neonatal deaths following deliveries at MTRH. METHODS: A retrospective audit of maternal ...
McLelland Gayle E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: While infrequent, unplanned births before arrival (BBAs) are clinically significant events at which, conceivably, paramedics will be the first health professionals in attendance. This review aims to demonstrate that paramedics not only attend and transfer birthing women, but also use critical clinical and decision-making skills. It further proposes strategies ...
Hyland Rachael M - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and infantile hemangiomas are vascular disorders that may share common mechanisms. This study examined a potential clinical association between these disorders in populations of preterm infants at two hospitals in the USA and Hungary. Clinically collected data from infants with gestational ages less than 32 weeks born ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A brief delay in clamping the umbilical cord after birth offers health benefits to the newborn, with no adverse effects to the mother or her infant. Yet, in most obstetric practice, the cord is clamped soon after birth. A summary of the current evidence on delayed cord ...
Gómez-Durán Esperanza L - - 2013
To identify relevant factors involved in obstetrics and gynecology (OG) professional liability claims to help archive better management of risks. Analysis of 885 OG claims opened between 1986 and 2010, with the identification of the most common events leading to a claim, the economical and juridical characteristics of the claims, ...
Keski-Nisula Leea - - 2013
AIM: To estimate transmission of maternal vaginal microbiota to neonates during term delivery, focusing on Lactobacillus flora in relation to various obstetric clinical factors. METHODS: 50 consecutive pregnant healthy women with singleton term pregnancies and their newborn infants. Vertical transmission of Lactobacillus flora to newborn during delivery was evaluated in ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2013
Biomarkers associated with spontaneous preterm birth and preeclampsia have been discovered in patients who experience these adverse obstetrical outcomes. The identification of such biomarkers holds promise in both facilitating the early identification of those patients at greatest risk and enhancing our understanding of these disease processes to determine therapeutic interventions. ...
Bramham Kate K Division of Women's Health, Women's Health Academic Centre, Kings College London and Kings Health Partners, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Women have traditionally been advised not to breastfeed while taking tacrolimus, based on theoretical risks of neonatal immunosuppression and assumed secretion into breast milk, rather than clinical data suggesting neonatal absorption. The aim of this study was to assess tacrolimus levels in breast milk and neonatal exposure during breastfeeding. An ...
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