Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 943
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Mackerras D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Two recent papers examining low birthweight in Aboriginal infants came to different conclusions about the role of size for gestation and preterm delivery in influencing the low birthweight proportion. As the two studies used different methods to estimate the infants' gestational age and to analyse the data, the results ...
Dunin-Wasowicz D - - 2000
One-hundred twenty-nine very low-birthweight infants were treated in Newborn and Infant Care Department of Children's Memorial Health Institute between 1985 and 1994; 89 were taken to prospective neurodevelopmental care. The newborns were divided into two groups. Group I had 38 preterm infants born from 1985 to 1989 and followed up ...
Skjaerven R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe birthweight by gestational age in Norway for the period 1967-1998, evaluate secular trends and provide new standards for small for gestational age for 16 to 44 weeks of gestation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The analyses were based on more than 1.8 million singleton births, covering all births in ...
Saigal S - - 2000
Reports on the school-age outcomes and behavioural difficulties at adolescence of infants who were very low birthweight (VLBW) are only just emerging. Studies which compare VLBW with same age controls consistently show significantly poorer performance, with average scores between 8 and 13 points lower. Even children with no neurological impairments ...
Cohen R J - - 2000
Breast milk intake, urine volume and urine-specific gravity (USG) of exclusively breastfed, low birthweight (LBW) term male infants in Honduras were measured during 8-h periods at 2 (n = 59) and 8 (n = 68) wk of age. Ambient temperature was 22-36 degrees C and relative humidity was 37-86%. Maximum ...
Smith R M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To improve, by culturally appropriate means, birthweights and growth of children up to three years of age over 14 months in five Aboriginal communities in north-western Australia. METHODS: Frequent individual nutritional assessment of infants and children with counselling of mothers and carers and of pregnant women and the introduction ...
Scott S - - 2000
Inadequate nutrition of both the mother and her offspring at each stage of its development - before pregnancy, in the womb, in infancy and during early childhod - played an important role in the patterns of subfertility and infant mortality in a saturated, marginal, preindustrial community. It is suggested that ...
Eregie C O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the percentage agreement between two standards of arm/head ratios in neonatal nutritional assessment. DESIGN: The nutritional status of newborn infants was determined using a standard of arm/head ratio on gestational age and another standard of arm/head ratio on birthweight. The two assessments were then compared for percentage ...
Ichiba H - - 2000
To examine osteopenia in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants we used repeated dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in a prospective study of lumbar spinal bone mineral density (BMD) in Japanese VLBW infants (birthweight 426-1498 g; n = 61, group 1) aged 40 weeks postconception to 3 years of age. Control subjects ...
Coory M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although Torres Strait Islanders (TSIs) are often combined with Aborigines, they are a distinct group and would prefer to be considered separately. The Queensland Perinatal Data Collection (QPDC) has been the only population-based, perinatal collection in Australia that has distinguished between Aboriginal and TSI mothers. It provided a unique ...
Koupilova I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To investigate social variation in birthweight and length of gestation in Estonia in the period of transition to a democracy and market economy. METHODS: All live births resulting from singleton pregnancies reported to the Estonian Medical Birth Registry in 1992-1997 (n = 84, 629) were studied with respect to ...
Pal D K - - 2000
AIMS: To measure the prevalence of hypoglycaemia among newborn infants in Nepal, where classic risk factors prevail, and to evaluate their importance. METHODS: A cross sectional study was done of 578 term newborn infants aged 0 to 48 hours on the postnatal wards of a government maternity hospital in Kathmandu, ...
Seed P T - - 2000
Differences in growth were investigated among ethnic groups in low-birthweight babies (< 2500 g or < 32 weeks gestation) at birth and at 2-3 years. This prospective study was based on data for all 3091 low-birthweight live births in the South East Thames Region, UK, over a 1-year period, surviving ...
Kasumba I N - - 2000
A cross-sectional study of pregnant women was conducted at Nsambya Hospital in Kampala, to investigate the prevalence and effect of Plasmodium falciparum infections during pregnancy, in a peri-urban/urban location. Overall, 544 pregnant women were recruited when they presented at the labour ward for delivery. After giving informed consent, each subject ...
Anderka M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study used a large, population-based data set (n = 619,455) to establish reference standards of the timing of spontaneous vaginal births. METHODS: Low-risk births in Massachusetts from 1989 to 1995 were studied. This group comprised 242,276 births that met the following criteria: singleton, vertex, vaginal births with a ...
Garner P - - 2000
Malaria contributes to antenatal anaemia and slowing of fetal growth, especially in first-time mothers. It is thought that these effects harm the mother and baby, and interventions to prevent or mitigate the effects of malaria are often recommended. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of anti-malarial ...
Ruijter I - - 1999
This study evaluates risk factors associated with low birthweight in an African-American population. Records of 225 women delivering liveborn, nonanomalous singletons weighing < 2500 g were reviewed. The next parturient, matched for race only, of a similar infant weighing > or = 2500 g constituted the control. This case-control study ...
Guendelman S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To compare maternal characteristics and birth outcomes of Mexico-born and native-born mothers in the United States and those of North African mothers living in France and Belgium to French and Belgian nationals. METHODS: We examined information from single live birth certificates for 285,371 Mexico-born and 3,131,632 U.S.-born mothers (including ...
Cunningham S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to: (1) assess the association of average, low, high and variable mean blood pressure (mbp) on death and the common morbidities of very low birthweight infants, and in doing so, (2) to derive representative reference ranges for mbp in very low birthweight infants. STUDY DESIGN: This five ...
Msomekela M - - 1999
Metabolic bone disease (MBD), or rickets, is common in very low birthweight infants. A descriptive, cross-sectional, hospital-based study was carried out at Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar-es-Salaam from 15 April to 30 June, 1995 to discover the magnitude, contributory factors, morbidity and suitable biochemical diagnostic tests for MBD. One hundred infants ...
Lao T T - - 1999
An increased placental ratio has been associated with small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants. A retrospective study on 252 singleton SGA infants without major anomalies born within a 1-year period was performed to determine the relationship between placental ratio and maternal/infant characteristics, and perinatal complications. The cases were categorized into three groups ...
Lee J - - 1999
Blood pressures during the first day of life were measured prospectively in 61 very low birthweight infants using umbilical or peripheral arterial lines. Video recordings of real time waveforms were reviewed. Blood pressure correlated linearly with birthweight and gestation. Comparison with available standards showed that infants weighing under 800 g ...
Morris S S - - 1999
Low birthweight (LBW) occurs in 17% of births in developing countries and many of them are full term. The subsequent development of LBW term infants is poorer than higher birthweight children and more likely to be affected by poor social circumstances. We investigated the effects of morbidity and breastfeeding on ...
Gorman B K - - 1999
Using the Linked Birth and Death data set for 1990, the County-City Plus for 1993, and Summary Tape Files (STF) for 1990, a multilevel model is utilized to examine the influence of county and individual-level characteristics on low birthweight risk for white, black, Mexican, Cuban and Puerto Rican infants in ...
Spencer N J - - 1999
AIM: To describe the trends in birthweight and their association with socioeconomic status in a 10 year birth cohort in Sheffield. METHODS: Data for all live singleton births were extracted from the Sheffield Child Development Study (SCDS) database for 1985-94. Enumeration districts (EDs), derived from postcodes, were ranked into deciles ...
Basso O - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The importance of paternal determinants in the occurrence of low birthweight and prematurity is not well known. We investigated these outcomes in siblings and paternal half siblings as a function of changes in putative external determinants between two births in fathers who had experienced the birth of a premature ...
Baruffi G - - 1999
In the state of Hawaii, Samoan mothers are known for the large average birthweight and low percentage of low birthweight (< 2500 g) of their infants, in spite of the relatively low socio-economic status of the population. This paper reports the findings of a temporal trend analysis of birth outcomes ...
Emanuel I - - 1999
A statewide database of vital records and hospital discharge summaries of obstetric and neonatal admissions for Washington State in 1987-95 was linked to the birth certificates of mothers born in the state. A total of 46,000 births to mothers of four racial/ethnic groups were studied: Whites, African-Americans, Native Americans and ...
Dani C - - 1999
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnoea (TT) are the most frequent acute respiratory diseases in the newborn. This study investigated the risk factors for RDS and TT in newborn infants. A population of 63,537 newborns was enrolled in a 12-month survey in Italy, 734 (1.15%) affected by RDS and ...
Saarela T - - 1999
This longitudinal study was undertaken in order to elucidate the incidence and natural course of nephrocalcinosis in preterm infants and to evaluate whether the ultrasonic classification for nephrocalcinosis used here is suitable for predicting subsequent resolution of the condition. A total of 129 very low birthweight infants were screened for ...
Forssas E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Many maternal characteristics increase the risk for perinatal death. To locate potential sites for intervention, it is important to identify these risk factors and examine how much of the excess mortality is explained by infants' low birthweight. METHODS: Data on all newborns in Finland born between 1991 and 1993 ...
Gewolb I H - - 1999
AIM: To serially characterise aerobic and anaerobic stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants and to correlate colonisation patterns with clinical risk factors. METHODS: Stool specimens from 29 infants of birthweight <1000 g were collected on days 10, 20, and 30 after birth. Quantitative aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed. ...
Vågerö D - - 1999
This study compared the effect of social class and marital status on birth outcomes in Sweden, using (i) data on all births at the Akademiska Hospital in Uppsala from 1920 to 1924 with socioeconomic information from records at birth; and (ii) a linkage of the Medical Births Registry for all ...
Elder D E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyse hospital readmissions to 1 year in infants < 33 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort of very preterm infants born in Western Australia. METHODS: Parental social class, history of asthma, race, gestational age, birthweight, sex, severity of respiratory disease and oxygen requirement at 28 days chronic lung disease ...
Wesumperuma H L - - 1999
The influence of gestational age, the neonate's birthweight, and maternal age, weight, height and parity on transplacental antibody transfer was assessed in 141 mothers from Sri Lanka and their neonates. Paired blood samples were collected from the mothers and the umbilical cords of the newborns. The sera separated from these ...
Lewando-Hundt G - - 1999
The use of anthropological qualitative methods to validate and improve health surveillance data is demonstrated through an examination of the process of birth registration in Gaza. Theoretically, the importance of understanding the link between historical events and microlevel decision-making is emphasized both in general terms and specifically in the context ...
Roberts C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To develop national birthweight percentiles by gestational age for male and female singleton infants born in Australia, and to compare the birthweight percentiles of Indigenous and non-Indigenous infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of singleton live births to Australian-born mothers from 1991 to 1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Birthweight percentiles ...
Mikiel-Kostyra K - - 1999
On the basis of data collected in a survey of the practices in maternity wards in Poland, we analysed newborn body weight differences between two groups of hospitals: one with the highest percentage of exclusive breastfeeding and other supportive practices, the other with the lowest. The aim of the study ...
Nakayama H - - 1999
To search for an efficient method of management of non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF), the clinical outcome of 51 newborns with NIHF was retrospectively assessed in a single centre. As the short-term outcome, the mortality rate was mainly dependent on the causes of NIHF and the presence of pleural effusion. The ...
Bhandari A - - 1998
There are few data from developing countries, including India, on the normal range of the respiratory rate (RR) recorded by observation. To determine the normal range of RR in infants up to 8 weeks of age and to define tachypnoea, we studied 100 healthy infants, 50 of normal birthweight and ...
Chou Y H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections are a major cause of death in premature infants, especially in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. The VLBW infants have low serum immunoglobulin G levels, which may have an effect on infections in early infancy. Thus, prophylactic administration of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is proposed to maintain higher ...
Eregie C O - - 1998
This study was conducted at the University Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria to investigate urinary frequency in exclusively breastfed neonates. Amongst exclusively breastfed neonates, 59.0% passed urine eight times or more per day while 14.5% passed urine less than five times a day. The comparative figures in partially breastfed neonates ...
Rousham E K - - 1998
We have analysed birthweights of 4,508 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander livebirths in the Kimberley region of Western Australia from 1981-93. Mean birthweight varied significantly according to month of birth (F(11) = 2.57, p = 0.003) and low birthweight babies were more common during the wet season. A significant increase ...
O'Shea T M - - 1998
A case-control study was performed to identify perinatal events associated with intraparenchymal echodensity on cranial ultrasonography--an important antecedent of cerebral palsy in very-low-birthweight infants. Forty-eight infants with birthweight < 1500 g and intraparenchymal echodensity on cranial ultrasound examination and 90 controls with normal cranial ultrasounds were identified within a cohort ...
Juul S E - - 1998
We employed a standardized investigative approach to evaluate four cases of "idiopathic neutropenia" in very low birthweight infants. The evaluation included maternal anti-neutrophil antibodies, a marrow aspiration, and a three-day trial of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF). All patients had neutropenia at or shortly following delivery, and remained neutropenic (generally ...
Wang S T - - 1998
All surviving infants from nine neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in a southern city and county of Taiwan were followed up and assessed at 2 y of age if they had a birthweight of less than 2000 g and were born between February 1, 1993 and January 31, 1994. The ...
Magowan B A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To provide a valid estimate of singleton neonatal mortality based on birthweight and gestational age at delivery. DESIGN: Record linkage of maternity data and neonatal mortality data. SETTING: Scotland, UK. POPULATION: All singleton preterm deliveries from 24 to 36 weeks inclusive between 1985 and 1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Neonatal ...
Allen S J - - 1998
AIM: To identify causes of preterm delivery and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in a malaria endemic region of Papua New Guinea. METHODS: Independent predictors of preterm delivery and birthweight in term infants were identified using multiple regression analysis in a prospective study of 987 singleton live births delivered in Madang ...
Darlow B A - - 1998
AIMS: To determine the survival and disability rates at 7-8 years in infants of less than 28 weeks gestation born in New Zealand in 1986 and admitted to a neonatal unit. METHODS: In 1986, all infants with birthweight less than 1500 g and admitted to neonatal units were enrolled in ...
Cooperstock M - - 1998
Analysis of singleton preterm birth from vital statistics data is hampered by inaccurate gestational age dating. This is most notably evidence by the large fraction of implausibly high birthweights for gestational age given in birth records. Using natality statistics for New England, 1977-88, birthweight distributions were plotted for representative preterm ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >