Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 923
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Lao T T - - 1999
An increased placental ratio has been associated with small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants. A retrospective study on 252 singleton SGA infants without major anomalies born within a 1-year period was performed to determine the relationship between placental ratio and maternal/infant characteristics, and perinatal complications. The cases were categorized into three groups ...
Lee J - - 1999
Blood pressures during the first day of life were measured prospectively in 61 very low birthweight infants using umbilical or peripheral arterial lines. Video recordings of real time waveforms were reviewed. Blood pressure correlated linearly with birthweight and gestation. Comparison with available standards showed that infants weighing under 800 g ...
Morris S S - - 1999
Low birthweight (LBW) occurs in 17% of births in developing countries and many of them are full term. The subsequent development of LBW term infants is poorer than higher birthweight children and more likely to be affected by poor social circumstances. We investigated the effects of morbidity and breastfeeding on ...
Gorman B K - - 1999
Using the Linked Birth and Death data set for 1990, the County-City Plus for 1993, and Summary Tape Files (STF) for 1990, a multilevel model is utilized to examine the influence of county and individual-level characteristics on low birthweight risk for white, black, Mexican, Cuban and Puerto Rican infants in ...
Spencer N J - - 1999
AIM: To describe the trends in birthweight and their association with socioeconomic status in a 10 year birth cohort in Sheffield. METHODS: Data for all live singleton births were extracted from the Sheffield Child Development Study (SCDS) database for 1985-94. Enumeration districts (EDs), derived from postcodes, were ranked into deciles ...
Basso O - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The importance of paternal determinants in the occurrence of low birthweight and prematurity is not well known. We investigated these outcomes in siblings and paternal half siblings as a function of changes in putative external determinants between two births in fathers who had experienced the birth of a premature ...
Baruffi G - - 1999
In the state of Hawaii, Samoan mothers are known for the large average birthweight and low percentage of low birthweight (< 2500 g) of their infants, in spite of the relatively low socio-economic status of the population. This paper reports the findings of a temporal trend analysis of birth outcomes ...
Emanuel I - - 1999
A statewide database of vital records and hospital discharge summaries of obstetric and neonatal admissions for Washington State in 1987-95 was linked to the birth certificates of mothers born in the state. A total of 46,000 births to mothers of four racial/ethnic groups were studied: Whites, African-Americans, Native Americans and ...
Dani C - - 1999
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnoea (TT) are the most frequent acute respiratory diseases in the newborn. This study investigated the risk factors for RDS and TT in newborn infants. A population of 63,537 newborns was enrolled in a 12-month survey in Italy, 734 (1.15%) affected by RDS and ...
Saarela T - - 1999
This longitudinal study was undertaken in order to elucidate the incidence and natural course of nephrocalcinosis in preterm infants and to evaluate whether the ultrasonic classification for nephrocalcinosis used here is suitable for predicting subsequent resolution of the condition. A total of 129 very low birthweight infants were screened for ...
Forssas E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Many maternal characteristics increase the risk for perinatal death. To locate potential sites for intervention, it is important to identify these risk factors and examine how much of the excess mortality is explained by infants' low birthweight. METHODS: Data on all newborns in Finland born between 1991 and 1993 ...
Gewolb I H - - 1999
AIM: To serially characterise aerobic and anaerobic stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants and to correlate colonisation patterns with clinical risk factors. METHODS: Stool specimens from 29 infants of birthweight <1000 g were collected on days 10, 20, and 30 after birth. Quantitative aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed. ...
Vågerö D - - 1999
This study compared the effect of social class and marital status on birth outcomes in Sweden, using (i) data on all births at the Akademiska Hospital in Uppsala from 1920 to 1924 with socioeconomic information from records at birth; and (ii) a linkage of the Medical Births Registry for all ...
Elder D E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyse hospital readmissions to 1 year in infants < 33 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort of very preterm infants born in Western Australia. METHODS: Parental social class, history of asthma, race, gestational age, birthweight, sex, severity of respiratory disease and oxygen requirement at 28 days chronic lung disease ...
Wesumperuma H L - - 1999
The influence of gestational age, the neonate's birthweight, and maternal age, weight, height and parity on transplacental antibody transfer was assessed in 141 mothers from Sri Lanka and their neonates. Paired blood samples were collected from the mothers and the umbilical cords of the newborns. The sera separated from these ...
Lewando-Hundt G - - 1999
The use of anthropological qualitative methods to validate and improve health surveillance data is demonstrated through an examination of the process of birth registration in Gaza. Theoretically, the importance of understanding the link between historical events and microlevel decision-making is emphasized both in general terms and specifically in the context ...
Roberts C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To develop national birthweight percentiles by gestational age for male and female singleton infants born in Australia, and to compare the birthweight percentiles of Indigenous and non-Indigenous infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of singleton live births to Australian-born mothers from 1991 to 1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Birthweight percentiles ...
Mikiel-Kostyra K - - 1999
On the basis of data collected in a survey of the practices in maternity wards in Poland, we analysed newborn body weight differences between two groups of hospitals: one with the highest percentage of exclusive breastfeeding and other supportive practices, the other with the lowest. The aim of the study ...
Nakayama H - - 1999
To search for an efficient method of management of non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF), the clinical outcome of 51 newborns with NIHF was retrospectively assessed in a single centre. As the short-term outcome, the mortality rate was mainly dependent on the causes of NIHF and the presence of pleural effusion. The ...
Bhandari A - - 1998
There are few data from developing countries, including India, on the normal range of the respiratory rate (RR) recorded by observation. To determine the normal range of RR in infants up to 8 weeks of age and to define tachypnoea, we studied 100 healthy infants, 50 of normal birthweight and ...
Chou Y H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections are a major cause of death in premature infants, especially in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. The VLBW infants have low serum immunoglobulin G levels, which may have an effect on infections in early infancy. Thus, prophylactic administration of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is proposed to maintain higher ...
Eregie C O - - 1998
This study was conducted at the University Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria to investigate urinary frequency in exclusively breastfed neonates. Amongst exclusively breastfed neonates, 59.0% passed urine eight times or more per day while 14.5% passed urine less than five times a day. The comparative figures in partially breastfed neonates ...
Rousham E K - - 1998
We have analysed birthweights of 4,508 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander livebirths in the Kimberley region of Western Australia from 1981-93. Mean birthweight varied significantly according to month of birth (F(11) = 2.57, p = 0.003) and low birthweight babies were more common during the wet season. A significant increase ...
O'Shea T M - - 1998
A case-control study was performed to identify perinatal events associated with intraparenchymal echodensity on cranial ultrasonography--an important antecedent of cerebral palsy in very-low-birthweight infants. Forty-eight infants with birthweight < 1500 g and intraparenchymal echodensity on cranial ultrasound examination and 90 controls with normal cranial ultrasounds were identified within a cohort ...
Juul S E - - 1998
We employed a standardized investigative approach to evaluate four cases of "idiopathic neutropenia" in very low birthweight infants. The evaluation included maternal anti-neutrophil antibodies, a marrow aspiration, and a three-day trial of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF). All patients had neutropenia at or shortly following delivery, and remained neutropenic (generally ...
Wang S T - - 1998
All surviving infants from nine neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in a southern city and county of Taiwan were followed up and assessed at 2 y of age if they had a birthweight of less than 2000 g and were born between February 1, 1993 and January 31, 1994. The ...
Magowan B A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To provide a valid estimate of singleton neonatal mortality based on birthweight and gestational age at delivery. DESIGN: Record linkage of maternity data and neonatal mortality data. SETTING: Scotland, UK. POPULATION: All singleton preterm deliveries from 24 to 36 weeks inclusive between 1985 and 1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Neonatal ...
Allen S J - - 1998
AIM: To identify causes of preterm delivery and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in a malaria endemic region of Papua New Guinea. METHODS: Independent predictors of preterm delivery and birthweight in term infants were identified using multiple regression analysis in a prospective study of 987 singleton live births delivered in Madang ...
Darlow B A - - 1998
AIMS: To determine the survival and disability rates at 7-8 years in infants of less than 28 weeks gestation born in New Zealand in 1986 and admitted to a neonatal unit. METHODS: In 1986, all infants with birthweight less than 1500 g and admitted to neonatal units were enrolled in ...
Cooperstock M - - 1998
Analysis of singleton preterm birth from vital statistics data is hampered by inaccurate gestational age dating. This is most notably evidence by the large fraction of implausibly high birthweights for gestational age given in birth records. Using natality statistics for New England, 1977-88, birthweight distributions were plotted for representative preterm ...
Moore M L - - 1998
Preterm birth and low birthweight are correlated with much of the infant death seen in the United States. Despite 15 years of research, both preterm birth rates and low birthweight rates continue to increase. This article describes what is known about the prevention of preterm birth and low birthweight, and ...
Bacharach V R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine direct and mediated effects of maternal IQ, marital status, family income, and quality of the home environment on the cognitive development of low birthweight infants. METHODS: Secondary analyses on a large dataset using hierarchical regression identified factors correlated with cognitive outcomes in children at 3 years of ...
Bregman J - - 1998
Surfactant therapy has significantly reduced mortality, but not morbidity, in the very low birthweight (VLBW) infant. Questions persist as to the edge of viability, the allocation of health care resources for the VLBW infant, and whether or not we are improving survival at the cost of contributing more handicapped individuals ...
Obladen M - - 1998
Symptomatic zinc deficiency was observed in a 24-week gestation, 640 g birthweight infant fed exclusively with maternal breast milk. Our hypothesis was that subclinical Zn deficiency is not uncommon in very low birthweight infants because fortified human milk and preterm formula may contain little Zn. Zinc serum concentrations determined in ...
Ng P C - - 1998
Non-traumatic massive subdural haematoma is a rare condition in newborn infants and is usually associated with hereditary coagulation disorders or congenital vascular malformation. Its occurrence in preterm very low birthweight infants secondary to systemic bacterial infection has not been reported. We describe two extremely preterm neonates who developed massive subdural ...
Rasmussen F - - 1998
The intrauterine environment seems to be important for the occurrence of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases in adulthood. The aim of the present study is to analyze the importance of birthweight, birthlength and Ponderal Index (PI) for Body Mass Index (BMI) and overweight at 18 years of age. In this ...
Ericson A - - 1998
Using linked data from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and the National Service Enrollment Register, long term follow up (to 18-19 years age) was made of 260 surviving singleton boys whose birthweight was less than 1500 g from a total of 150 229 boys born between 1973-5. These boys were ...
Finan A - - 1998
The majority of deaths in normally formed infants occur in extremely low birth weight infants (< 1000 g). Survival rates for these infants have improved greatly but still vary from centre to centre and accurate local outcome figures are important for counselling parents and upholding standards of care. In the ...
Buekens P - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study examined birthweights of North African immigrants in Belgium. METHODS: Analyses focused on Belgian single live birth certificates from 1981 to 1988. RESULTS: Low-birthweight (< 2500 g) rates were 3.1% among 34,686 newborns of North African origin and 4.8% among 804,286 newborns of Belgian origin. The entire North ...
Fowlie P W - - 1998
AIM: To investigate the feasibility of developing an objective tool for predicting death and severe disability using routinely available data, including an objective measure of illness severity, in very low birthweight babies. METHOD: A cohort study of 297 premature babies surviving the first three days of life was made. Predictive ...
Kalter H D - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study identified factors contributing to the rapid decline in infant mortality in New York City from 1989 to 1992. METHODS: Changes in birthweight distributions and in birthweight/age-, cause-, and birthweight/age/cause-specific mortality rates from 1988/89 (before the mortality reduction) to 1990/91 were identified from New York City vital statistics ...
Rickert V I - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare health-risk behaviors, maternal, and neonatal outcomes of pregnant adolescents less than 18 years old who reported employment more than 15 hours per week with those who did not report working. We hypothesized that working teens compared with nonworking adolescents would report higher rates of health-risk behaviors. ...
Collins J W JW - - 1998
We performed a hospital-based case-control study of African-American mothers to explore the relation between a mother's perception of her own residential environment and very low birthweight. We administered a structured questionnaire to mothers of very-low-birthweight (<1,500 gm; N = 28) and critically ill non-low-birthweight (>2,500 gm; N = 52) infants. ...
Sutton P M - - 1998
AIM: To quantify the exposure of very low birthweight neonates to ionising radiation from diagnostic x-rays. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was made of all radiographs performed over 18 months in an integrated special care baby unit and regional neonatal surgical unit in a large teaching hospital of surviving inborn babies of ...
Collins J W JW - - 1998
This study explored the relationship between ecologic risk factors and infant birthweight. A stratified analysis was performed on all African-American, Mexican-American, and white infants born in Chicago in 1990. One half of African-American mothers (n = 26,799) resided in communities with multiple ecologic risk factors, yet their very low birthweight ...
Holt J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome for very low birthweight (VLBW) infants in northern Norway. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All live born infants (n = 536) with birthweight < or = 1500 g born during 1978-89 to women residing in the northern health region of Norway were studied retrospectively. Data were from ...
Hilder L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of aggregated, locally collected birth notification data to examine trends in birth-weight specific survival for singleton and multiple births. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 171,527 notified births and subsequent infant survival data derived from computerised community child health records. Validation of data completeness and quality was ...
Long S H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This is a study of the effects on prenatal care and birth outcomes of Florida's July 1989 expansion in the Medicaid income eligibility threshold for pregnant women. METHODS: Concurrent and longitudinal comparisons were performed with matched birth and death certificates, hospital discharge data, Medicaid eligibility records, and records from ...
Kaaresen P I - - 1998
The CRIB (clinical risk index of babies) score was developed to overcome the disadvantages of birthweight-specific comparisons between neonatal units. The aims of this study were to assess the ability of CRIB score compared to birthweight and gestational age to predict hospital mortality in very low birthweight infants and to ...
Koupilová I - - 1998
All livebirths resulting from singleton pregnancies reported to the Czech (n = 380,633) and Swedish (n = 351,775) birth registries in 1989-91 were studied with respect to social variation in birthweight, ponderal index (weight/length at birth3) and preterm delivery. The mean birthweight was significantly lower in the Czech population (3310 ...
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