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Results 351 - 400 of 938
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Lessaris Karen J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to determine whether perinatal referral patterns and clinical outcomes for very low birthweight infants changed in relation to changing Medicaid financial policies in coastal South Carolina. METHODS: Referral patterns and outcome indicators for very low birthweight infants were compared during two periods in a cohort design. ...
Maruyama K - - 2002
A five-month-old infant of extremely low birthweight with choledocholithiasis is reported. A baby girl was delivered at 26 weeks gestation as a second twin, weighing 834 g. At 30 days of age, gallbladder stones were found by routine ultrasonography. She had vomiting at 157 days of age. Ultrasonography revealed calculi ...
Were F N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Survival of patients is regularly used as a measure of the level and appropriateness of medical care provided by institutions. Newborn services have been evaluated in this manner since the 1960s. Though Kenyatta National Hospital has provided neonatal services for over 25 years, no survival data for the low ...
Panaretto K S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal outcomes for all births, and the morbidity and mortality patterns of babies admitted to neonatal intensive care, for non-Indigenous, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (TSI) people in a major remote urban centre. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of all births and consecutive admissions to the Neonatal ...
Sandberg-Bennich S - - 2002
To investigate whether factors in the fetal or neonatal period influence the risk of later development of coeliac disease we conducted a population-based register study. The Swedish Medical Birth Register was linked with the Hospital Discharge Register and identified 3392 singleton infants born in the period 1987-97 who developed coeliac ...
Adamkin David H - - 2002
Two relatively new strategies in the nutritional management of the extremely low birthweight infant include early administration of amino acids and the integration with minimal enteral nutrition within the first days of life. These strategies will promote early positive energy balance and nitrogen retention as well as stimulate the functional ...
Verspyck Eric - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine if inherited thrombophilia and immunological disorders represent risk factors for small for gestational age infants, and to assess their relationship with neonatal status. DESIGN: Case-control study. POPULATION: Ninety-seven consecutive women who had pregnancies complicated by unexplained small for gestational age infants, defined as a birthweight below the ...
Melve Kari Klungsøyr - - 2002
Our objective was to study birthweight among surviving siblings in families with and without a perinatal loss, and to evaluate whether different causes of death were associated with the results. Data were for 1967-98 from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry. Births were organised with the mother as the observation unit ...
Amiel-Tison Claudine - - 2002
The focus of neonatal intensive care has been on very low birthweight infants, who comprise only 1.4% of neonates. Too little attention is paid to moderately preterm infants that we call macropremies or moderately low birthweight infants (MLBW, with birthweights 1500-2500 grams). Admitting over half MLBW infants to normal nurseries ...
Chirico G - - 2002
AIM: To evaluate the incidence and duration of late-onset neutropenia (defined as an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1500 mm(-3) at a postnatal age of >3 wk) in a population of infants with birthweight <2000 g, and to determine whether copper deficiency, a possible cause of both anemia and neutropenia, may ...
Moore Mary Lou - - 2002
Although preterm birth has been a major focus of study for the past two decades by health care providers in several disciplines, it remains more prevalent in the United States than in many developed countries and continues to be a prime reason for infant death (mortality) and illness (morbidity). In ...
Eriksson M - - 2002
AIM: To test four neonatal severity-of-illness indices (CRIB, NTISS, SNAP, SNAP-PE) for their ability to predict short- and long-term outcome in very low-birthweight infants receiving neonatal intensive care. METHODS: Data on 240 newborns with birthweights below 1500 g from two Swedish neonatal units were collected. The predictive values of the ...
Ludvigsson J F - - 2002
Even a minor decrease in birthweight predisposes to adult disease. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the mother is a risk factor for low birthweight and preterm infants. This study investigated the effect of IBD in the mother or father, adjusting for confounders, on the newborn infant, with the focus on ...
Lum S - - 2001
The risk of respiratory illness and death is increased in infants of low birthweight for gestational age, but the underlying physiologic mechanisms remain unclear. We examined the hypothesis that airway function is diminished in infants of low birthweight for gestational age, independent of exposure to maternal smoking. Respiratory function was ...
Guyatt H L - - 2001
Although randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce malaria in pregnancy have demonstrated an increase in the birthweight of the newborn in primigravidae, the subsequent impact on infant mortality in all-parities has not been assessed. The aim of this paper was to model the possible impact of placental malarial infection ...
Steward D K - - 2001
The development of failure to thrive (FTT) is hypothesized to be caused by the interaction between biological and environmental factors. Birthweight is one biological variable thought to play a role in the infant's growth failure. In studies that enrolled infants with FTT who were full-term at birth, the reported birthweights ...
Ruíz-Extremera A - - 2001
SUMMARY: The presence of development disorders in neonates attended in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is highly variable; the aim of this study, therefore, was to determine the evolution of somatic and neurosensory development in a group of neonates requiring treatment in the NICU and to analyse the perinatal ...
Rauh V A - - 2001
This study assessed the contribution of age and other risk factors to racial disparities in rates of moderately low birthweight (MLBW; 1500-2499 g) and very low birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g). Logistic regression models were developed to determine the effects on MLBW and VLBW of maternal age, race, and poverty, adjusting ...
Singhal A - - 2001
Low birthweight may predispose to the development of atherosclerosis later in life. We have tested the hypothesis that low birthweight as a result of preterm birth is associated with reduced flow-mediated endothelial-dependent vasodilation (FMD), which is an early stage in the development of atherosclerosis. Mean FMD in adolescents born preterm ...
Ørskou J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To investigate how mean birthweight has changed in the past decade, and to describe changes in the proportion of infants with a birthweight above 4000 grams (g). METHODS: We analyzed data on 43,561 singleton infants born between 1990 and 1999 at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. Information on birthweight, gestational ...
Göpel W - - 2001
The influence of genetic factors that increase coagulation on the extension of intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in very low birthweight infants has not been studied previously. This study investigated the frequency and effect of the factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations in a population-based cohort of 305 preterm infants with ...
Loos R J - - 2001
Despite the longer gestation of girls, their birthweight is less than that of boys. Because unlike-sex twins provide a natural situation in which to investigate the influence of sex on gestation, we compared birthweight and gestation of 1929 same-sex and unlike-sex dizygotic pairs. Length of gestation in unlike-sex pairs was ...
Clausson B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether customised birthweight standard improves the definition of small for gestational age and its association with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as stillbirth, neonatal death, or low Apgar score. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. POPULATION: Births in Sweden between 1992-95 (n = 326,377). METHODS: Risks of stillbirth, neonatal ...
Hikino S - - 2001
The prevalence rates of food allergy and atopic dermatitis in low birthweight infants were evaluated. In Fukuoka City, Japan, between July 1994 and September 1997, sufficient information including birthweight, gestational age, sex, feeding method and a history of food allergy was obtained from questionnaires at the well-baby check-ups of 21766 ...
Rosenberg K D - - 2001
PURPOSE: Surfactant has been shown to cause decreased neonatal mortality rate (NMR) in randomized studies of preterm infants. It is not clear whether the introduction of surfactant caused a decrease in neonatal mortality in a community. This study explores the hypothesis that the introduction of surfactant in 1990 to 1991 ...
Laucht M - - 2001
The development of behaviour problems in infants born with biological risk (low birthweight) and psychosocial risk (psychosocially disadvantaged family) was studied in a sample of 347 children (171 males, 176 females) at the ages of 2, 4:6, and 8 years. In the search for factors that moderate the effects of ...
Ulijaszek S J - - 2001
The aim of this analysis was to examine the extent and possible seasonal nature of the secular trend in mean birthweight in the Purari delta, Papua New Guinea. This is a country undergoing rapid modernization, and with this has come a secular trend toward increased adult body size in some ...
Osendarp S J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Infant malnutrition and mortality rates are high in less-developed countries especially in low-birthweight infants. Zinc deficiency is also widely prevalent in these circumstances. We aimed to assess the effect of daily zinc supplements given to pregnant mothers on their infants' growth and morbidity. METHODS: We did a double-blind, placebo ...
Kubota H - - 2001
Fifteen appropriate-for-date premature low-birthweight infants with cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) were studied. The infants were stratified into three birthweight groups: less than 1000 g, 1000 g and greater but less than 1500 g, and 1500 g or greater. Reported and new risk factors for PVL were compared with control patients ...
Jackson K - - 2001
New knowledge in perinatal medicine has resulted in increased survival of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. After leaving hospital, the child is seen at regular medical check-ups, but there is often a persistent worry about the child which affects the family as a whole. This can lead to an increased utilization of ...
Bonellie S R - - 2001
Low birthweight is often used as a health indicator. This paper reports the findings of a cohort study, which were analysed to determine the relationship, if any, between the age of the mother and birthweight given the mother's smoking habits and the level of social deprivation of the mother's place ...
Rolnick S J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of low-birthweight (LBW) births and the association of LBW with utilization and healthcare charges in a managed care organization. DESIGN: Observational study of computerized and medical record data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed the rate of LBW (weight < 2500 g) for singleton infants born ...
Mohanty C - - 2000
The usefulness of parturient abdominal circumference as a predictor of low birthweight (LBW) was studied in 151 singleton pregnancies. The abdominal circumference was measured in early labour and was plotted against the birthweight of the newborns. A significant positive correlation was observed between the two parameters (r = +0.507). For ...
Costalos C - - 2000
The aim of the study was a prospective survey of the effects of low-dose cisapride on gastric emptying and QTc interval in very low birthweight infants. Twenty low birthweight infants were studied: mean (SD) gestation 30.5 (2.2) wk; birthweight 1320 (150)g. Gastric emptying was assessed ultrasonically in 15 of these ...
Stevenson D K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences in short term outcome of very low birthweight infants attributable to sex. METHODS: Boys and girls weighing 501-1500 g admitted to the 12 centres of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network were compared. Maternal information and perinatal data were ...
Jacob J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the neonatal mortality in the Alaska Native and non-native (primarily white) population in Alaska for a 10-year period (1987-1996). METHODS: Natality, mortality, and cause of death data were obtained from the State of Alaska's Bureau of Vital Statistics (BVS). Birthweight-specific and preventable birthweight-specific mortality were analyzed ...
Darlow B A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether regional differences in early neonatal morbidity in a national cohort of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants persisted at 7-8 years of age. METHODS: Perinatal data collected prospectively from birth on all VLBW infants born in New Zealand in 1986 and admitted to a neonatal unit included the ...
Yoong S Y - - 2000
The aim of the present study is to compare the health status of Armed Forces and civilian infants, accounting for social class. In a prospective cohort study, demographic data were obtained from mothers of liveborn infants from 436 civilian and 162 Armed Forces families. Birth details were taken from hospital ...
Jeng S F - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to compare the age of walking attainment between very low-birthweight (VLBW) preterm infants and normal term infants, and to determine the variables that affect the walking attainment in VLBW infants. Ninety-six VLBW preterm infants and 82 normal term infants were prospectively followed to determine ...
Pickett Kate E. - - 2000
The Institute of Medicine recommends that short women gain less weight during pregnancy than taller women in order to reduce the risk of high birthweight, which can lead to feto-pelvic disproportion. This recommendation, however, is based on clinical judgment rather than on epidemiologic evidence, as few studies have examined the ...
Olsen J - - 2000
A correlation between birthweight and sperm counts in adult life was anticipated because impaired fetal growth could impair replication of Sertoli cells produced in fetal life. Furthermore, it was expected that males born with a high birthweight might have impaired sperm production as they are expected to have been exposed ...
Lao T T - - 2000
To determine if impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) impacts on the outcome of singleton pregnancies in Chinese women with a high (>26 kg/m(2)) body mass index (BMI), a retrospective case-control study was performed on 128 women with IGT and 128 controls with normal oral glucose tolerance test results, who were matched ...
Buehler J W - - 2000
Linked birth and infant death certificates allow measurement of birthweight-specific infant mortality. Jack Smith, MS, to whom this issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine is dedicated, played a key role in the National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) project. NIMS provided national data on birthweight-specific infant mortality for the ...
Novotny Rachel - - 2000
Indicators of infant birthweight are important because infant birthweight is related to later health outcomes. This study developed and validated new measures of the pelvis from dual energy absorptiometry (DEXA). Predictors of the new measures of maternal pelvic size were examined and the pelvic size measures were examined as predictors ...
- - 2000
In the United States, pregnancies associated with assisted reproductive technology (ART) or ovulation-inducing drugs are more likely to result in multiple births than spontaneously conceived pregnancies (1). In addition, triplet and higher-order multiple births are at greater risk than singleton births to be preterm (< or = 37 completed weeks' ...
Mackerras D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Two recent papers examining low birthweight in Aboriginal infants came to different conclusions about the role of size for gestation and preterm delivery in influencing the low birthweight proportion. As the two studies used different methods to estimate the infants' gestational age and to analyse the data, the results ...
Dunin-Wasowicz D - - 2000
One-hundred twenty-nine very low-birthweight infants were treated in Newborn and Infant Care Department of Children's Memorial Health Institute between 1985 and 1994; 89 were taken to prospective neurodevelopmental care. The newborns were divided into two groups. Group I had 38 preterm infants born from 1985 to 1989 and followed up ...
Skjaerven R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe birthweight by gestational age in Norway for the period 1967-1998, evaluate secular trends and provide new standards for small for gestational age for 16 to 44 weeks of gestation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The analyses were based on more than 1.8 million singleton births, covering all births in ...
Saigal S - - 2000
Reports on the school-age outcomes and behavioural difficulties at adolescence of infants who were very low birthweight (VLBW) are only just emerging. Studies which compare VLBW with same age controls consistently show significantly poorer performance, with average scores between 8 and 13 points lower. Even children with no neurological impairments ...
Cohen R J - - 2000
Breast milk intake, urine volume and urine-specific gravity (USG) of exclusively breastfed, low birthweight (LBW) term male infants in Honduras were measured during 8-h periods at 2 (n = 59) and 8 (n = 68) wk of age. Ambient temperature was 22-36 degrees C and relative humidity was 37-86%. Maximum ...
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