Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 944
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Campbell Morag E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has improved significantly; however, the aggressiveness of treatment in these infants remains controversial. Critical appraisal of the benefits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and intravenous epinephrine infusion (IV EPI) has not been studied in this population. OBJECTIVE: To determine if either CPR ...
Kollée L A A LA Department of Paediatrics, University Medical Centre Children's Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2004
Rehospitalization rates of very preterm infants because of reasons that are related to neonatal morbidity states can be decreased with further improvement of neonatal intensive care provided. Analysis of rehospitalization data should be included in follow-up programmes as a contribution to the development of strategies to improve neonatal care and ...
Veena S R - - 2004
Several studies have shown that a baby's birthweight correlates with the birthweight and adult size of both its parents, but more strongly with those of its mother, suggesting that both the 'maternal environment' and inherited genes influence size at birth. There are no previous such intergenerational data from India. Holdsworth ...
Emanuel Irvin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Both maternal socio-economic status (SES) and growth measures are themselves interrelated and are also related to infant birthweight. The objective of this study is to compare the relative importance of such maternal measures as determinants of birthweight of female infants-the prospective mothers of the next generation. METHODS: The study ...
Gounaris A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Theophylline treatment causes side effects such as tachycardia, hyperglycaemia, abdominal distension, and vomiting. The latter two are probably the result of delayed gastric evacuation. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of theophylline on gastric emptying time in preterm infants. PATIENTS: The subjects were 18 premature neonates with a mean (SD) ...
Silva Antonio A M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We tried to explain why a marked decrease in birthweight of 122 g occurred over a 15-year period in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. METHODS: Factors reflecting biological, social, and health care characteristics (infant gender, parity, maternal age, marital status, type of hospital, maternal smoking, preterm birth, small for gestational age ...
Xiong Xu - - 2004
Few studies to date have examined the effect of severe pre-eclampsia, pre-eclampsia, and gestational hypertension on birthweight according to gestational age. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of 16,936 pregnant women in Suzhou, China. Analysis of variance and multivariable linear regression were performed to compare the mean birthweights of ...
Storms Michelle R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Determine the distribution of birthweights in singleton births by gestational age and gender at Marquette General Hospital, a rural referral center in Michigan's upper peninsula. STUDY DESIGN: Birth log data were examined for prenatal factors and obstetrical outcomes. The birthweight distribution was compared to published values, and a linear ...
Beydoun Hind - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the impact of maternal age at first childbirth on the incidence of preterm delivery and low birthweight among single live births delivered to nulliparous Lebanese women in Greater Beirut. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible subjects were selected from a consecutive sample of neonatal admissions to nine National Collaborative Perinatal ...
Vatten Lars J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The clinical characteristics of pre-eclampsia (gestational hypertension and proteinuria) may represent separate pathogenetic conditions. Pre-eclampsia accompanied by restricted fetal growth may originate from abnormal implantation, and appropriate or high birthweights may indicate a mixture of conditions, ranging from mild pre-eclampsia with modest placental involvement to hypertensive conditions without placental ...
Hyppönen Elina - - 2004
In a two-generation study of the nationwide 1958 British cohort and their offspring, we investigated the intergenerational influence of birth order on birthweight. Despite increases in own birthweight by birth order and a positive parent-offspring correlation in birthweights, there was a suggestion that parental birth order was inversely associated with ...
Shaw Gary M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that folic acid intake influences the occurrence of low birthweight and preterm delivery. Since 1998, there has been compulsory fortification of flour and other grains with folic acid in the U.S. The objective of this study was to investigate the frequencies of low birthweight and preterm delivery ...
Kato Noriko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A reference range for the birthweight of multiple births neonates is necessary for the assessment for intrauterine growth. METHODS: Pairs of multiple births were identified by birthplace, the ages of the parents, gestational age, and the year and month of birth. We studied a total of 32,232 livebirth-livebirth pairs ...
Lespinasse Antoine Alexandra - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We performed a hospital-based case control study of African-American mothers to explore the relationship between maternal support by a significant other in the delivery room and very low birthweight (VLBW). METHODS: We administered a structured questionnaire to mothers of VLBW (less than 1,500 g; N=104) and normal birthweight (greater ...
Collingwood Bakeo Aleks - - 2004
This article investigates trends in low birthweight singleton live births by mother's country of birth. 11.4 million birth records from registration data in England and Wales from 1983 to 2001 were used. The analysis focuses on births to mothers born in the UK and countries that contribute to the main ...
Maher Joanne - - 2004
This article describes trends in live births between 1976 and 2000 and by birthweight from 1983 to 2000 in England and Wales. It investigates variation by mother's age, social class of father and marital status and describes trends in the percentage of births which were multiple. Changes in patterns of ...
Samuelsen Sven O - - 2004
The objective of the study was to estimate and compare the correlation coefficients of head circumference and weight at birth among sibling pairs. Pairs of singleton siblings were ascertained among children born in Norway to the same mother between 1978 and 1997. Head circumference, birthweight and other perinatal factors were ...
Frid C - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate maternal and neonatal factors in Down syndrome (DS) at birth, the impact of a congenital heart defect (CHD) on these factors and changes over time. METHODS: Medical data of children with DS born in northern Sweden in the periods 1973-1980 (n = 219) and 1995-1998 (n = ...
Joyce R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that high risk and low birthweight babies have better outcomes if born in hospitals with level III neonatal intensive care units. Relations between obstetric care, particularly intrapartum interventions and perinatal outcomes, are less well understood, however. OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of obstetric, paediatric, and demographic factors ...
Alshimmiri M M - - 2003
The objectives of this retrospective study were to assess the effect of ethnicity on birthweight percentiles and to compare ethnic-specific percentiles with other references. Analysis was made of 35 768 singleton live births from 22 to 44 completed weeks of gestation at two major obstetric hospitals in Kuwait, after exclusion ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2003
Preterm birth and low birthweight in Canada have shown paradoxical temporal trends, with an increase in preterm birth and a decrease in low birthweight. Mean birthweight has increased in many industrialised countries, despite a recent rise in preterm birth, suggesting a temporal increase in fetal growth (birthweight for gestational age) ...
Infante-Rivard Claire - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia is considered a risk factor for thrombosis and atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that higher maternal and newborn homocysteine concentrations in plasma would increase the risk of intrauterine growth restriction through placental thrombosis. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study that included all cases born at our institution over ...
Feresu S A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and the utility of using birthweight-adjusted scores of the Ballard method of estimating gestational age in a Zimbabwean population. DESIGN: A validation study. SETTING: Harare Maternity Hospital, from October to December 1999. SUBJECTS: Three hundred and sixty four African newborn infants, with a known last ...
Marini A - - 2003
The influence of appropriate post-discharge nutrition on somatic growth and cognitive development of very low-birthweight infants in the first year of life is currently a major topic in infant nutrition. Appropriate intakes of proteins, iodine and the addition of LC-PUFAs (arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in the "right" quantities ...
Morley Ruth - - 2003
Epidemiological evidence suggesting that subjects with lower birthweight have an increased risk of adult cardiovascular disease has led to increased interest in factors influencing birthweight. We have documented large changes in mean birthweight over a relatively short historical period from 1857 to 1883. Mean birthweight declined progressively from 7.9 lb ...
Jeppesen D L - - 2003
AIM: To assess the variation in size of the thymus in vivo in preterm neonates and to identify relations between thymic size and gestational age (GA), birthweight, occurrence of postnatal infections and maternal alcohol and tobacco intake during pregnancy. METHODS: Eighty preterm neonates with a GA between 24 and 36 ...
Hall David - - 2003
The aim of this study was to compare the neonatal outcomes of babies with birthweights < 10th centile to those with birthweights > or = 10th centile with a gestational age of 28-34 weeks. This retrospective hospital-based study was performed at a tertiary referral centre. All women with early, severe ...
Huang T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of prenatal maternal serum screening results for Down syndrome, for the prediction of low (<2500 g) and very low (<1500 g) birthweight. DESIGN: Record linkage of maternal serum screening results with the corresponding birth records. PARTICIPANTS: 42 259 women whose pregnancies had been screened for ...
Bourchier D - - 2003
Two cases of hyponatraemic hypertensive syndrome occurring in extremely low birthweight infants are presented. Both infants experienced unilateral renal ischaemia resulting in hyponatraemia and hypertension. A proposed pathophysiological mechanism, namely unilateral renal ischaemia leading to a pressure-natriuresis in the contralateral kidney, is presented. This is associated with an increase in ...
Crawford M A - - 2003
The risk of central nervous, visual, and auditory damage increases from 2/1000 live births in the normal birthweight to > 200/1000 as birthweight falls below 1500 g. Such babies are most likely to be born preterm. Advances in infant care have led to increasing numbers of very-low-birthweight, preterm infants surviving ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2003
The high rates of mortality and morbidity arising from preterm birth and low birthweight impose an immense burden on the health, education and social services and on families. This was evaluated in several economic studies published in the 1970s and early 1980s, but an ability to intervene effectively to increase ...
Lagiou Pagona - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There has been renewed interest about determinants of birth size following the propagation of hypotheses that birth size parameters may have long-term consequences on the occurrence of common diseases in adulthood, including breast cancer. METHODS: In the context of a cohort study, 296 Caucasian pregnant women in Boston, USA ...
Jacobs E G J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Western infants with congenital heart disease have frequently been reported to have a low birthweight for gestational age. Studies in Asian infants seem to be lacking in this area. This is the first extensive study presenting the birthweight distribution of Chinese newborns with symptomatic congenital heart disease. METHODS: The ...
Kambarami R A - - 2003
Several hospital-based studies have shown the beneficial effect of kangaroo care on preterm infants. Long-term outcome was studied in 297 preterm infants born at Harare Hospital weighing 500-1800 g, discharged home on kangaroo care and followed up for 12 months. Of these, 79 (26.6%) died, 141 (47.5%) survived to complete ...
Callaghan L A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect that infant to staff ratios, in the first three days of life, have on the survival to hospital discharge of very low birthweight infants (<1500 g), having adjusted for initial risk and unit workload. DESIGN: In a retrospective analysis of a cohort of patients, the ...
Mahony R - - 2003
To evaluate sequential trends in respect of parity, maternal age, gestation at delivery and birthweight in a large cohort of the national birth total during the period 1968 to 1998. Retrospective review of obstetric variables in six biennial cohorts at six yearly intervals, among mothers delivering at the National Maternity ...
Kopelman Arthur E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association between the use of oxygen cannulas (OCs) and (1) nasal bleeding and (2) coagulase-negative staphylococcal sepsis (CNSS). STUDY DESIGN: Review of care sheets, with chi(2) or sign-test group comparisons. RESULTS: Infants treated with OCs were suctioned more frequently (2.6 vs 1.3 times per day, p<0.001), ...
Bucher H U - - 2003
There are only few reports worldwide on the outcome of very pre-term infants and very low birthweight infants for a whole country. In Switzerland official population statistics are based on birthweight only, gestational age not yet being documented. The aim of the present study was to assess the outcome at ...
Jenkins Thomas M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk for preterm birth and low birthweight for women undergoing non-obstetric surgery during gestation. DESIGN: Two perinatal tertiary care centres. POPULATION: Women undergoing non-obstetric surgery during gestation between January 1989 and June 1999. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review was carried out. Cervical cerclages, procedures carried ...
Dabrowski Sławomir - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maternal exposure to pesticides in the 1st and 2nd trimesters of pregnancy on infant birthweight in a population of Polish farmers. The subjects were women who delivered in 25 maternity hospitals in the region of Lódź (Central Poland), including ...
Kristensen Petter - - 2003
Adverse birth outcomes may influence a family's wish for additional children. We investigated the influence of low birthweight in live births on subsequent fertility, and estimated secular trends of such an effect in a population-based cohort study of births arranged in consecutive sibship records in the Medical Birth Registry of ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2003
Surprisingly little attention is paid to birthweight improvement as a means of reducing child mortality. Half of the 10 million pre-school-age children that die each year have malnutrition as an underlying or associated cause. Furthermore, the majority of these deaths are associated with the mild and moderate forms of malnutrition, ...
Ishikawa Norio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although various authors have suggested the risk of hypoglycemia in practical medicine for low-birthweight infants is exaggerated, convincing evidence using recent definitions of hypoglycemia is not documented. METHODS: To evaluate the risk of hypoglycemia in low grade low-birthweight infants (LGLBWI) (2100 g < birthweight < 2500 g) whose only ...
Ayoubi J M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study obstetrical factors leading to very preterm delivery (between 24 and 28 weeks) and to relate these factors to neonatal outcome and psychomotor development at two years. STUDY DESIGN: Among 144 infants born alive before 28 weeks of gestation at a single perinatal center between January 1993 and ...
Alshimmiri M M - - 2004
Our aim is develop a curve for singleton birthweight based on accurately calculated gestational age. A retrospective analysis of all singleton live births from 22-44 completed weeks of gestation during the period from September 1998 to December 2000 in the two largest birth birth centers in Kuwait was conducted. Neonates ...
Rettwitz-Volk Werner - - 2002
A study of the trends in German perinatal data over the 15 years from 1985 to 1999 is complicated by the fact that the numbers from 1991 onwards represent the data for reunified Germany, whereas the numbers before 1991 give the data for former West Germany. The latest figure for ...
Amoa Apeawusu B - - 2002
From June 1998 to December 1999, mothers of 150 babies who died in the early neonatal period and 150 controls whose babies did not die were studied. In multiple logistic regression analysis the following variables were positively associated with early neonatal deaths: lack of antenatal attendance, thick meconium staining of ...
Yang Chun-Yuh - - 2002
The petrochemical industry is the main source of industrial air pollution in Taiwan. To date, little is known about the possible effects of such pollution on the human fetus. In this study, the authors investigated the relationship between term low birthweight and preterm delivery and residence in a petrochemical industrial ...
Feresu S A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance and the utility of using birthweight-adjusted scores of Dubowitz and Ballard methods of estimating gestational age in a Zimbabwean population. METHOD: The Dubowitz and the Ballard methods of estimating gestational age were administered to 364 African newborn infants with a known last menstrual period (LMP) ...
Rousham E K EK Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK. - - 2002
To examine factors affecting birthweight of Aboriginal infants in the Kimberley region of north-west Australia. A retrospective study of maternal and infant health records obtained through routine data collection. Birthweight and length of 2959 infants born to 1822 women from 1986 to 1994 were analysed. Mothers and infants were matched ...
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