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Results 301 - 350 of 923
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Infante-Rivard Claire - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia is considered a risk factor for thrombosis and atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that higher maternal and newborn homocysteine concentrations in plasma would increase the risk of intrauterine growth restriction through placental thrombosis. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study that included all cases born at our institution over ...
Feresu S A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and the utility of using birthweight-adjusted scores of the Ballard method of estimating gestational age in a Zimbabwean population. DESIGN: A validation study. SETTING: Harare Maternity Hospital, from October to December 1999. SUBJECTS: Three hundred and sixty four African newborn infants, with a known last ...
Marini A - - 2003
The influence of appropriate post-discharge nutrition on somatic growth and cognitive development of very low-birthweight infants in the first year of life is currently a major topic in infant nutrition. Appropriate intakes of proteins, iodine and the addition of LC-PUFAs (arachidonic acid (AA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in the "right" quantities ...
Morley Ruth - - 2003
Epidemiological evidence suggesting that subjects with lower birthweight have an increased risk of adult cardiovascular disease has led to increased interest in factors influencing birthweight. We have documented large changes in mean birthweight over a relatively short historical period from 1857 to 1883. Mean birthweight declined progressively from 7.9 lb ...
Jeppesen D L - - 2003
AIM: To assess the variation in size of the thymus in vivo in preterm neonates and to identify relations between thymic size and gestational age (GA), birthweight, occurrence of postnatal infections and maternal alcohol and tobacco intake during pregnancy. METHODS: Eighty preterm neonates with a GA between 24 and 36 ...
Hall David - - 2003
The aim of this study was to compare the neonatal outcomes of babies with birthweights < 10th centile to those with birthweights > or = 10th centile with a gestational age of 28-34 weeks. This retrospective hospital-based study was performed at a tertiary referral centre. All women with early, severe ...
Huang T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of prenatal maternal serum screening results for Down syndrome, for the prediction of low (<2500 g) and very low (<1500 g) birthweight. DESIGN: Record linkage of maternal serum screening results with the corresponding birth records. PARTICIPANTS: 42 259 women whose pregnancies had been screened for ...
Bourchier D - - 2003
Two cases of hyponatraemic hypertensive syndrome occurring in extremely low birthweight infants are presented. Both infants experienced unilateral renal ischaemia resulting in hyponatraemia and hypertension. A proposed pathophysiological mechanism, namely unilateral renal ischaemia leading to a pressure-natriuresis in the contralateral kidney, is presented. This is associated with an increase in ...
Crawford M A - - 2003
The risk of central nervous, visual, and auditory damage increases from 2/1000 live births in the normal birthweight to > 200/1000 as birthweight falls below 1500 g. Such babies are most likely to be born preterm. Advances in infant care have led to increasing numbers of very-low-birthweight, preterm infants surviving ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2003
The high rates of mortality and morbidity arising from preterm birth and low birthweight impose an immense burden on the health, education and social services and on families. This was evaluated in several economic studies published in the 1970s and early 1980s, but an ability to intervene effectively to increase ...
Lagiou Pagona - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There has been renewed interest about determinants of birth size following the propagation of hypotheses that birth size parameters may have long-term consequences on the occurrence of common diseases in adulthood, including breast cancer. METHODS: In the context of a cohort study, 296 Caucasian pregnant women in Boston, USA ...
Jacobs E G J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Western infants with congenital heart disease have frequently been reported to have a low birthweight for gestational age. Studies in Asian infants seem to be lacking in this area. This is the first extensive study presenting the birthweight distribution of Chinese newborns with symptomatic congenital heart disease. METHODS: The ...
Kambarami R A - - 2003
Several hospital-based studies have shown the beneficial effect of kangaroo care on preterm infants. Long-term outcome was studied in 297 preterm infants born at Harare Hospital weighing 500-1800 g, discharged home on kangaroo care and followed up for 12 months. Of these, 79 (26.6%) died, 141 (47.5%) survived to complete ...
Callaghan L A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect that infant to staff ratios, in the first three days of life, have on the survival to hospital discharge of very low birthweight infants (<1500 g), having adjusted for initial risk and unit workload. DESIGN: In a retrospective analysis of a cohort of patients, the ...
Mahony R - - 2003
To evaluate sequential trends in respect of parity, maternal age, gestation at delivery and birthweight in a large cohort of the national birth total during the period 1968 to 1998. Retrospective review of obstetric variables in six biennial cohorts at six yearly intervals, among mothers delivering at the National Maternity ...
Kopelman Arthur E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association between the use of oxygen cannulas (OCs) and (1) nasal bleeding and (2) coagulase-negative staphylococcal sepsis (CNSS). STUDY DESIGN: Review of care sheets, with chi(2) or sign-test group comparisons. RESULTS: Infants treated with OCs were suctioned more frequently (2.6 vs 1.3 times per day, p<0.001), ...
Bucher H U - - 2003
There are only few reports worldwide on the outcome of very pre-term infants and very low birthweight infants for a whole country. In Switzerland official population statistics are based on birthweight only, gestational age not yet being documented. The aim of the present study was to assess the outcome at ...
Jenkins Thomas M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk for preterm birth and low birthweight for women undergoing non-obstetric surgery during gestation. DESIGN: Two perinatal tertiary care centres. POPULATION: Women undergoing non-obstetric surgery during gestation between January 1989 and June 1999. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review was carried out. Cervical cerclages, procedures carried ...
Dabrowski Sławomir - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maternal exposure to pesticides in the 1st and 2nd trimesters of pregnancy on infant birthweight in a population of Polish farmers. The subjects were women who delivered in 25 maternity hospitals in the region of Lódź (Central Poland), including ...
Kristensen Petter - - 2003
Adverse birth outcomes may influence a family's wish for additional children. We investigated the influence of low birthweight in live births on subsequent fertility, and estimated secular trends of such an effect in a population-based cohort study of births arranged in consecutive sibship records in the Medical Birth Registry of ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2003
Surprisingly little attention is paid to birthweight improvement as a means of reducing child mortality. Half of the 10 million pre-school-age children that die each year have malnutrition as an underlying or associated cause. Furthermore, the majority of these deaths are associated with the mild and moderate forms of malnutrition, ...
Ishikawa Norio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although various authors have suggested the risk of hypoglycemia in practical medicine for low-birthweight infants is exaggerated, convincing evidence using recent definitions of hypoglycemia is not documented. METHODS: To evaluate the risk of hypoglycemia in low grade low-birthweight infants (LGLBWI) (2100 g < birthweight < 2500 g) whose only ...
Ayoubi J M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study obstetrical factors leading to very preterm delivery (between 24 and 28 weeks) and to relate these factors to neonatal outcome and psychomotor development at two years. STUDY DESIGN: Among 144 infants born alive before 28 weeks of gestation at a single perinatal center between January 1993 and ...
Alshimmiri M M - - 2004
Our aim is develop a curve for singleton birthweight based on accurately calculated gestational age. A retrospective analysis of all singleton live births from 22-44 completed weeks of gestation during the period from September 1998 to December 2000 in the two largest birth birth centers in Kuwait was conducted. Neonates ...
Rettwitz-Volk Werner - - 2002
A study of the trends in German perinatal data over the 15 years from 1985 to 1999 is complicated by the fact that the numbers from 1991 onwards represent the data for reunified Germany, whereas the numbers before 1991 give the data for former West Germany. The latest figure for ...
Amoa Apeawusu B - - 2002
From June 1998 to December 1999, mothers of 150 babies who died in the early neonatal period and 150 controls whose babies did not die were studied. In multiple logistic regression analysis the following variables were positively associated with early neonatal deaths: lack of antenatal attendance, thick meconium staining of ...
Yang Chun-Yuh - - 2002
The petrochemical industry is the main source of industrial air pollution in Taiwan. To date, little is known about the possible effects of such pollution on the human fetus. In this study, the authors investigated the relationship between term low birthweight and preterm delivery and residence in a petrochemical industrial ...
Feresu S A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance and the utility of using birthweight-adjusted scores of Dubowitz and Ballard methods of estimating gestational age in a Zimbabwean population. METHOD: The Dubowitz and the Ballard methods of estimating gestational age were administered to 364 African newborn infants with a known last menstrual period (LMP) ...
Rousham E K - - 2002
AIM: To examine factors affecting birthweight of Aboriginal infants in the Kimberley region of north-west Australia. Research design: A retrospective study of maternal and infant health records obtained through routine data collection. Subjects and methods: Birthweight and length of 2959 infants born to 1822 women from 1986 to 1994 were ...
Grimmer Ingrid - - 2002
Very low birthweight, i.e. a birthweight < 1500 g, is among the strongest determinants of infant mortality and childhood morbidity. To develop primary prevention approaches to VLBW birth and its sequelae, information is needed on the causes of preterm birth, their personal and social antecedents, and on conditions associated with ...
Vangen Siri - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Mother's ethnicity is associated with her baby's birthweight and risk of perinatal mortality. Given the close relation between birthweight and perinatal mortality, we explored whether ethnic differences in birthweight explain ethnic differences in perinatal mortality. METHODS: Data on all births to mothers born in Norway (808 658), Pakistan (6854), ...
Ibáñez Lourdes - - 2002
Prenatal growth restraint, as reflected in a low birthweight for gestational age, is a risk factor for postpubertal FSH hypersecretion and for reduced gonadal size. The ontogeny of the low-birthweight effect on the FSH-inhibin B feedback loop is unknown. Infancy is an episode of choice to study the possibility of ...
Parker Jennifer D - - 2002
Gestational age is an important birth characteristic examined in epidemiological studies. Though there are well-documented problems with the reporting of gestational age on birth certificates, schemes for addressing this issue have not been systematically evaluated. With singleton births from the 1995-97 US linked birth/infant death files, we compared a handful ...
Nolte Ellen - - 2002
Earlier findings have shown that after unification with the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) in October 1990 the proportion of very-low-birthweight infants in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) increased. This study seeks to explore this observation in more detail at the regional level. The analysis of aggregate data of ...
Harrold JoAnn - - 2002
The number of controlled clinical trials in neonatal medicine has increased steadily over recent years. However, most of these trials examine only short-term outcomes during the initial hospital stay. To determine whether a common neonatal intervention does more good than harm, it is important to study its long-term efficacy and ...
Lessaris Karen J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to determine whether perinatal referral patterns and clinical outcomes for very low birthweight infants changed in relation to changing Medicaid financial policies in coastal South Carolina. METHODS: Referral patterns and outcome indicators for very low birthweight infants were compared during two periods in a cohort design. ...
Maruyama K - - 2002
A five-month-old infant of extremely low birthweight with choledocholithiasis is reported. A baby girl was delivered at 26 weeks gestation as a second twin, weighing 834 g. At 30 days of age, gallbladder stones were found by routine ultrasonography. She had vomiting at 157 days of age. Ultrasonography revealed calculi ...
Were F N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Survival of patients is regularly used as a measure of the level and appropriateness of medical care provided by institutions. Newborn services have been evaluated in this manner since the 1960s. Though Kenyatta National Hospital has provided neonatal services for over 25 years, no survival data for the low ...
Panaretto K S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal outcomes for all births, and the morbidity and mortality patterns of babies admitted to neonatal intensive care, for non-Indigenous, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (TSI) people in a major remote urban centre. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of all births and consecutive admissions to the Neonatal ...
Sandberg-Bennich S - - 2002
To investigate whether factors in the fetal or neonatal period influence the risk of later development of coeliac disease we conducted a population-based register study. The Swedish Medical Birth Register was linked with the Hospital Discharge Register and identified 3392 singleton infants born in the period 1987-97 who developed coeliac ...
Adamkin David H - - 2002
Two relatively new strategies in the nutritional management of the extremely low birthweight infant include early administration of amino acids and the integration with minimal enteral nutrition within the first days of life. These strategies will promote early positive energy balance and nitrogen retention as well as stimulate the functional ...
Verspyck Eric - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine if inherited thrombophilia and immunological disorders represent risk factors for small for gestational age infants, and to assess their relationship with neonatal status. DESIGN: Case-control study. POPULATION: Ninety-seven consecutive women who had pregnancies complicated by unexplained small for gestational age infants, defined as a birthweight below the ...
Melve Kari Klungsøyr - - 2002
Our objective was to study birthweight among surviving siblings in families with and without a perinatal loss, and to evaluate whether different causes of death were associated with the results. Data were for 1967-98 from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry. Births were organised with the mother as the observation unit ...
Amiel-Tison Claudine - - 2002
The focus of neonatal intensive care has been on very low birthweight infants, who comprise only 1.4% of neonates. Too little attention is paid to moderately preterm infants that we call macropremies or moderately low birthweight infants (MLBW, with birthweights 1500-2500 grams). Admitting over half MLBW infants to normal nurseries ...
Chirico G - - 2002
AIM: To evaluate the incidence and duration of late-onset neutropenia (defined as an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1500 mm(-3) at a postnatal age of >3 wk) in a population of infants with birthweight <2000 g, and to determine whether copper deficiency, a possible cause of both anemia and neutropenia, may ...
Moore Mary Lou - - 2002
Although preterm birth has been a major focus of study for the past two decades by health care providers in several disciplines, it remains more prevalent in the United States than in many developed countries and continues to be a prime reason for infant death (mortality) and illness (morbidity). In ...
Eriksson M - - 2002
AIM: To test four neonatal severity-of-illness indices (CRIB, NTISS, SNAP, SNAP-PE) for their ability to predict short- and long-term outcome in very low-birthweight infants receiving neonatal intensive care. METHODS: Data on 240 newborns with birthweights below 1500 g from two Swedish neonatal units were collected. The predictive values of the ...
Ludvigsson J F - - 2002
Even a minor decrease in birthweight predisposes to adult disease. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the mother is a risk factor for low birthweight and preterm infants. This study investigated the effect of IBD in the mother or father, adjusting for confounders, on the newborn infant, with the focus on ...
Lum S - - 2001
The risk of respiratory illness and death is increased in infants of low birthweight for gestational age, but the underlying physiologic mechanisms remain unclear. We examined the hypothesis that airway function is diminished in infants of low birthweight for gestational age, independent of exposure to maternal smoking. Respiratory function was ...
Guyatt H L - - 2001
Although randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce malaria in pregnancy have demonstrated an increase in the birthweight of the newborn in primigravidae, the subsequent impact on infant mortality in all-parities has not been assessed. The aim of this paper was to model the possible impact of placental malarial infection ...
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