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Field Tiffany - - 2006
A review of research on prenatal depression effects on the fetus and newborn suggests that they experience prenatal, perinatal and postnatal complications. Fetal activity is elevated, prenatal growth is delayed, and prematurity and low birthweight occur more often. Newborns of depressed mothers then show a biochemical/physiological profile that mimics their ...
Kalanda, Boniface Francis; ;
<B>Background</B>: In Malawi, malaria is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Low birthweight and fetal anaemia are also a common occurrence. The relationship between birthweight and fetal anaemia and malaria morbidity in infancy is not known. Objectives</B>: To investigate the relationship between incidence of first malaria episode and ...
Kleebkaow P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of placental pathology among low birthweight infants delivered at Srinagarind Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive study of 114 placentas from infants weighing between 500 and 2,499 grams delivered between June 2002 and June 2004 in the labour room, Srinagarind Hospital. Placentas from low birthweight infants ...
Watts J L - - 2006
Application of technology in neonatal intensive care has been very successful in reducing mortality, particularly in extremely low birthweight infants. As survival has improved, the need for accurate studies of long term outcome has increased. This need has been met by studies that are larger, more inclusive, and address a ...
Lee S Y R - - 2006
To evaluate the relation between chorioamnionitis and hypotension in very low birthweight infants. Retrospective cohort study in infants with a birth weight of <1500 g born between January 2002 and September 2004. The placentas were examined for evidence of chorioamnionitis and funisitis. Hypotension was defined by the use of vasopressors. ...
Miyawaki M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There have been only a few reports on the renin-angiotensin system in low birthweight infants; in particular, plasma angiotensin II concentrations have not been studied. AIM: To investigate plasma angiotensin II concentrations in early neonatal infants including low birthweight infants. METHODS: Forty six patients were studied, of whom 14 ...
Steyn Krisela - - 2006
This article describes the patterns and effects of maternal snuff use, cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke during pregnancy on birthweight and gestational age, in women living in Johannesburg and Soweto in 1990. A cohort of 1593 women with singleton live births provided information about their own and ...
Heise Carlos O - - 2006
We did a case-control study to verify if the birthweight, forceps delivery or perinatal asphyxia have any significant effect on the prognosis of obstetrical brachial plexopathy. Group A was composed of 25 infants who completely recovered at the age of 6 months. Group B was composed of 21 infants who ...
Njokanma O F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of birth interval on the relationship between the birthweights of successive siblings. METHODS: The records of women who had delivered two consecutive, same-sex, live, singletons babies (1983 through 1997) in a private hospital were analysed. The intervals between the birth dates of the siblings were ...
Hujoel Philippe P - - 2006
The goal of this study was to assess whether interruption of care for chronic periodontitis during pregnancy increased the risk of low-birthweight infants. A population-based case-control study was designed with 793 cases (infants < 2,500 g) and a random sample of 3,172 controls (infants >or= 2,500 g). Generalized estimating equation ...
Collingwood Bakeo Aleks - - 2006
This study examines whether there are socio-demographic factors (collected at census) that are not routinely available at birth registration that help to explain low birthweight in England and Wales in the 1980s and 1990s. Maternal age and marital status at the time of birth are known to affect the risk ...
Britt David W - - 2006
We investigated where telemedicine sites were placed in a telemedicine network to assist high-risk pregnancies in Arkansas. There were 14 telemedicine sites in 75 counties, excluding the central site in Pulaski county. Logistic regression was used to examine site placement. Five potential predictors of site placement were examined: (1) the ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To examine and quantify the changing contribution of some risk factors to the perinatal mortality rate. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study in Northern England compared stillbirth, neonatal, and perinatal mortality rates by birthweight, maternal age, plurality, and gender between 1982-1990 and 1991-2000. RESULTS: Atlhough the perinatal ...
Yokoyama Yoshie - - 2005
The aims of this study were to identify factors associated with birthweight, birth length and head circumference for triplets, and analyze these body size parameters at birth, especially head circumference, according to gestational age. The subjects of this study were 370 mothers and their 1109 triplet children (excluding one stillborn ...
Amigo Hugo - - 2005
The aims of the study were to describe the trend in birthweight from 1985 to 2000 in Chile and ascertain the possible factors that may explain the changes in birthweight during the period. We used time series of birthweight and length at birth of all live births (n > 4,000,000). ...
Lipsky Sherry - - 2005
Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to develop a birthweight for gestational age reference that more accurately represents the Washington state population, focusing on SGA. Washington state birth certificate files of singleton births in 1989 to ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2005
Low birthweight (LBW) is highly associated with death during infancy, and countries with the highest LBW rates also have the highest infant mortality rates. We compared temporal trends in LBW with both overall and birthweight-specific infant mortality in United States, Canada, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay over two time periods, using ...
Trotman H - - 2005
A retrospective analysis of the outcome of inborn very low birthweight infants admitted to the neonatal unit of the University Hospital of the West Indies pre- (period 1) and post- (period 2) establishment of a neonatal intensive care unit was conducted. During the study, 250 infants were admitted to the ...
Andersen C - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a multi-factorial intervention on nosocomial infection in very-low-birthweight infants. Consecutive infants with a birth weight less than 1500 g, born between February 2002 and February 2003, were included in this prospective study. The first six-month period (control) included surveillance ...
Relton Caroline L - - 2005
Recent evidence suggests that maternal folate status in early gestation is a significant determinant of infant birthweight. Folate metabolism is known to be controlled by genetic factors, with a number of polymorphic variations in folate metabolising genes identified, several of which have well-documented functional effects. The current study investigated whether ...
Fairley Lesley - - 2005
Birthweight is used as an indicator of individual and population health and is known to be strongly correlated with adult cardiovascular disease. This paper uses routinely collected maternity discharge data from Scotland between 1980 and 2000 to look at birthweight trends and the changes in the distribution of maternal risk ...
Danishevski Kirill - - 2005
This paper describes pregnancy outcomes and identifies their determinants in a Russian region, in the year 2000. It includes all births and perinatal deaths recorded as occurring in Tula oblast. The socio-economic correlates of adverse outcomes are explored using logistic regression; outcomes and their determinants are compared with other countries. ...
Kalanda B F - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Infant growth has not been studied in developing countries in relation to maternal factors related to malaria in pregnancy and maternal illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: To describe growth patterns in infants with low and normal birthweight and determine maternal risk factors for infant undernutrition. METHODS: Babies born in a rural district ...
Kerssen A - - 2005
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to establish the value of maternal HbA1c levels and older sibling birthweight as predictors of birthweight and macrosomia in the offspring of women with type 1 diabetes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 214 pregnancies of 107 women with type 1 diabetes were ...
Owa, JA; ;
Objective: The objective was to compare the morbidity and mortality data among low birthweight (LBW) infants in two developing countries with different medical facilities, and determine where further improvements are possible. Methods: Data were extracted from the admission records and case notes of neonates with birthweight <2500grams, admitted to Qatif ...
Peng Yongmei - - 2005
AIM: To compare the growth and neurodevelopment of low-birthweight (LBW) and normal-birthweight (control) infants born and raised in China. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: 203 LBW (1200-2499 g) and 71 control (> or =2500 g) infants born at two Shanghai hospitals in 1983 did not differ for date ...
Källén Bengt - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study pregnancy outcome before and after organ transplantation. DESIGN: Registry study. SETTING: Swedish Health Registers. POPULATION: All births in Sweden 1973-2002. METHODS: Women who had organ transplantation were identified from the Hospital Discharge Register and their deliveries before and after the transplantation were identified from the Medical Birth ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate the possible association between panic disorders during pregnancy and pregnancy complications, as well as birth outcomes: gestational age and birth weight, as well as preterm birth/low birthweight in newborns. METHODOLOGY: Comparison of newborn infants (without any defects) born to mothers with ...
Fisher Randall G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Candida species often cause sepsis in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, leading to formal ophthalmologic evaluation for endophthalmitis. Our experience suggests that endophthalmitis is rare in this setting, and retinal vascular compromise in extreme prematurity may decrease the risk. We studied the prevalence of endophthalmitis in surviving VLBW infants ...
Carabin Hélène - - 2005
Children First (C1), a nurse home visitation programme for first-time mothers, was implemented statewide in Oklahoma in mid-1997. The objective of this study was to compare the risks of low (< 2500 g) and very low birthweight (< 1500 g), preterm (< 37 weeks) and very preterm (< 30 weeks) ...
Ohgi Shohei - - 2005
Twenty-three low-birthweight infants (17 males, six females) diagnosed with cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL; median gestational age 30 wks, postmenstrual age range 25 to 36 wks; median birthweight 1365 g, range 680 to 2010 g) were evaluated and compared with 209 comparison infants (117 males, 92 females; median gestational age 33 ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Small body size at birth, as a marker of an adverse intrauterine environment, has recently emerged as an important risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to study the relationship between small size at birth and all-cause and non-cardiovascular mortality, which has been poorly documented. METHODS: ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2005
The relationships between short-term oral paracetamol treatment during pregnancy and mean gestational age and birthweight, in addition to the prevalence of preterm birth and low birthweight were estimated using newborn infants in the population-based large dataset of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities between 1980 and 1996. Gestational age ...
Rieger-Fackeldey E - - 2005
AIM: To report survival and morbidity until discharge in preterm infants <501 g with life support started immediately after birth. Methods/study design: Cohort study of all preterm infants with birthweights < 501 g born in three tertiary perinatal centres between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 2001 (gestational age (GA) ...
Kumar Praveen - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of decrease in use of postnatal corticosteroids on duration of assisted ventilation and hospital stay of extremely low birthweight infants. All infants born between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, and with birthweight </= 1000 g were included if ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2005
The U.S. infant mortality rate increased from 6.8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2001 to 7.0 in 2002, the first increase in more than 40 years. From 2001 to 2002 infant mortality rates increased for very low birthweight infants as well as for preterm and very preterm infants. ...
Silva Antonio A M - - 2005
Socio-economic disadvantage is usually associated with low birthweight (LBW). However, it has been shown that Mexican Americans, despite being economically less advantaged, present LBW rates that are similar to or lower than those found among white women in the US. This fact has been called 'the epidemiological paradox of low ...
VanderJagt T A - - 2005
Malaria during pregnancy causes anaemia in pregnant women and low birthweight in infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the OptiMAL rapid malaria test in comparison with standard microscopy for malaria diagnosis in 268 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at the Jos University Teaching Hospital and the Federal ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2005
The U.S. infant mortality rate (IMR) increased from 6.8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2001 to 7.0 in 2002, the first increase in more than 40 years. From 2001 to 2002, IMR increased for very low birthweight infants as well as for preterm and very preterm infants. Although ...
Shaarawy M - - 2005
To investigate the role of the angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiogenin in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia and how their concentrations correlate with the severity of the disease and fetal outcome. A prospective study was carried out on 71 pregnant patients with preeclampsia and 20 pregnant normotensive ...
Miller N M - - 2004
Prednisolone is widely used to treat medical conditions in pregnancy, despite the lack of long-term safety studies on infants. Animal studies have shown that antenatal glucocorticoid treatment can cause in utero growth restriction and up-regulation of the offsprings' hypathalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We recruited women treated antenatally with prednisolone, and followed 12 ...
Vahratian Anjel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Infants of North African immigrants are reported to have higher birthweights than their Belgian counterparts. It is unclear what mechanism contributes to this difference. METHODS: Analyses were based on a hospital-based cohort of 1,162 women. RESULTS: Infants of North African immigrants were less likely to be born preterm, compared ...
Collins James W JW - - 2004
We determined whether African American women's lifetime exposure to interpersonal racial discrimination is associated with pregnancy outcomes. We performed a case-control study among 104 African American women who delivered very low birthweight (<1500 g) preterm (<37 weeks) infants and 208 African American women who delivered non-low-birthweight (>2500 g) term infants ...
Doyle L W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Very preterm infants at the borderline of viability, especially those <25 weeks of gestational age, have survived in increasing numbers in recent years, but concerns persist about their long-term outcome and their consumption of scarce hospital resources. AIMS: To determine incremental changes in long-term outcome and consumption of resources ...
Campbell Morag E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has improved significantly; however, the aggressiveness of treatment in these infants remains controversial. Critical appraisal of the benefits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and intravenous epinephrine infusion (IV EPI) has not been studied in this population. OBJECTIVE: To determine if either CPR ...
Kollée L A A - - 2004
Rehospitalization rates of very preterm infants because of reasons that are related to neonatal morbidity states can be decreased with further improvement of neonatal intensive care provided. Conclusion: Analysis of rehospitalization data should be included in follow-up programmes as a contribution to the development of strategies to improve neonatal care ...
Veena S R - - 2004
Several studies have shown that a baby's birthweight correlates with the birthweight and adult size of both its parents, but more strongly with those of its mother, suggesting that both the 'maternal environment' and inherited genes influence size at birth. There are no previous such intergenerational data from India. Holdsworth ...
Emanuel Irvin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Both maternal socio-economic status (SES) and growth measures are themselves interrelated and are also related to infant birthweight. The objective of this study is to compare the relative importance of such maternal measures as determinants of birthweight of female infants-the prospective mothers of the next generation. METHODS: The study ...
Gounaris A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Theophylline treatment causes side effects such as tachycardia, hyperglycaemia, abdominal distension, and vomiting. The latter two are probably the result of delayed gastric evacuation. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of theophylline on gastric emptying time in preterm infants. PATIENTS: The subjects were 18 premature neonates with a mean (SD) ...
Silva Antonio A M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We tried to explain why a marked decrease in birthweight of 122 g occurred over a 15-year period in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. METHODS: Factors reflecting biological, social, and health care characteristics (infant gender, parity, maternal age, marital status, type of hospital, maternal smoking, preterm birth, small for gestational age ...
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