Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 944
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Miksch Ruth-Maria - - 2008
In this paper, a retrospective study was performed to find out whether the introduction of early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) as a new standard regime of very low birthweight infants will lead to a decreasing tracheal intubation and ventilation rate, as well as to a lower incidence of ...
Spencer Michael D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although neuroanatomical and cognitive sequelae of low birthweight and preterm birth have been investigated, little is understood as to the likely prevalence of a history of low birthweight or preterm birth, or neuroanatomical correlates of such a history, within the special educational needs population. Our aim was to address ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The link between maternal factors and birth outcomes is well established. Substantial changes in society and medical care over time have influenced women's reproductive choices and health, subsequently affecting birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe temporal changes in key maternal and fetal factors affecting birth ...
Moser Kath - - 2008
Low birthweight babies and babies born preterm are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality in the first year of life, as well as in the longer-term. Since information on ethnic group is not recorded at birth registration in England and Wales, it has not been possible to produce routine ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2008
Very low birthweight infants are at risk for deficits in cognitive and language development, as well as attention and behaviour problems. Maternal sensitive behaviour (i.e. awareness of infant cues and appropriate responsiveness to those cues) in interaction with her very low birthweight infant is associated with better outcomes in these ...
Klebanoff Mark A - - 2008
Increasing paternal birthweight has been associated with increased risk of fathering a preterm infant, causing speculation that a fetus programmed to grow rapidly can trigger preterm labor. Pregnancies occurring from 1974-1989 among women themselves born in the Danish Perinatal Study (1959-1961) were identified through the Population Register; obstetric records were ...
Bonellie Sandra - - 2008
Centile charts of birthweight for gestational age are used to identify low birthweight babies. The charts currently used in Scotland are based on data from the 1970s and require updating given changes in birthweight and in the measurement of gestational age since then. Routinely collected data of 100,133 singleton births ...
Isaranurug Sirikul - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the maternal risk factors of low birthweight (LBW) in Thailand and to address the possible activities to reduce the incidence of LBW. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The data were obtained from the Prospective Cohort Study in Thai Children (PCTC). Three thousand five hundred twenty two pregnancies initiated the ...
Papadogiannakis Nikos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of confined placental mosaicism (CPM) in placentas from liveborn infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 51 placentas from small-for-gestational-age (SGA), live born infants (birthweight below 5th centile), and 45 placentas from normally grown infants at term was performed. ...
Urquia Marcelo L ML Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto. - - 2007
This article examines differences in birth outcomes by neighbourhood income and recent immigration for singleton live births in Toronto, Ontario. The birth data were extracted from hospital discharge abstracts compiled by the Canadian Institute for Health Information. A population-based cross-sectional study of 143,030 singleton live births to mothers residing in ...
- - 2007
In the United States, infants with birthweights <750 g (i.e., extremely low birthweight infants) account for <1% of all births but approximately one third of the total infant mortality rate. Because these infants often have short life spans, their deaths might be misclassified as fetal deaths, leading to an underestimation ...
Duran Ridvan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatal gastric perforation (NGP) is a rare event and its etiology is still controversial. Although it has previously been described as spontaneous, recently some risk factors have been reported to be associated with the development of NGP including prematurity and nasal ventilation. The purpose of the present paper was ...
Trotman H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the early outcome of extremely low birthweight infants delivered at the University Hospital of the West Indies. METHODS: A two-year retrospective review of the charts of all live, inborn extremely low birthweight infants admitted to the neonatal unit between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2003 was ...
Friedlander Yechiel - - 2007
We sought to examine the association between birthweight in offspring and mortality in their parents. Distinguishing between risks of outcomes in mothers from fathers potentially provides clues as to the relative roles of genetic versus nongenetic mechanisms underlying these associations. We studied total and cause-specific mortality in a population-based cohort ...
Clerihew L - - 2008
Systematic review and meta-analysis of four randomised controlled trials suggest that prophylactic fluconazole reduces the incidence of invasive fungal infection in very low birthweight infants. Further trials are needed to provide more precise estimates of effect size, and to assess the effect on mortality, neurodevelopment and the emergence of antifungal ...
Clerihew L - - 2008
In a UK-wide survey, 28% of neonatal units reported using systemic or topical/oral antifungal prophylaxis for very low birthweight infants. Systemic prophylaxis is targeted to extremely preterm infants with additional risk factors for invasive fungal infection. Currently, there seems to be sufficient variation in practice to undertake randomised trials of ...
Callaghan William M - - 2007
Information on gestational age for public health research and surveillance in the US is usually obtained from vital records and is primarily based on the first day of the woman's last menstrual period (LMP). However, using LMP as a marker of conception is subject to a variety of errors and ...
Feldman Deborah M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare neonatal outcomes in very-low-birthweight infants who were exposed to antenatal betamethasone vs dexamethasone. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all inborn very-low-birthweight infants from January 1997 through February 2006. Maternal medical records were reviewed to determine the type of antenatal steroids that each ...
Haglund Bengt - - 2007
Studies based on data from the US have reported that the birthweight distribution at gestational age 28-31 weeks is bimodal with a second peak occurring at approximately 3300 g, suggesting that there is misclassification of term infants. In these studies, gestational ages were estimated from the date of the last ...
Zagré Noël M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies during pregnancy are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including reduced birthweight. Low birthweight is associated with increased risk of infant mortality and growth failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prenatal supplementation with UNIMMAP (United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Preparation) compared with iron/folic acid on average birthweight ...
Jackson Debra J - - 2007
The aim of this case-control study was to determine the risk factors for low birthweight in a farming region in South Africa, with particular attention to maternal alcohol use and smoking, both independently and in combination. Data collection was via structured postpartum interviews and review of antenatal and delivery records. ...
Hayes Donald K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Birthweight distributions and proportions of low birthweight (LBW) are commonly used to assess the health of populations. However, the "population" is difficult to define due to differences by race, socioeconomic status, age distribution, and cultural identity. This study analyzes birth outcomes in two Asian subgroups to examine variation within ...
Adamkin D H - - 2007
Postnatal growth failure in the extremely low birthweight infant is a morbidity that needs vigorous attention. The transition from intrauterine to the extrauterine environment should occur with minimal disruption in nutritional support. Early aggressive parenteral and enteral nutrition strategies may lead to reducing cumulative deficits of energy and protein that ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2007
AIM: Recently, Japan has witnessed an increase in the number of low-birthweight (LBW) infants. LBW children face a variety of social and medical risk factors. Thus, besides reducing infant mortality, preventing LBW would have many other important health benefits. Emotional status during pregnancy is stated as one of the important ...
Rodríguez-Morán M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Evidence from large studies suggests that low birthweight is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and glucose metabolism disorders in adulthood, but the physiological mechanisms involved in intrauterine growth conditioning low birthweight are not completely understood. The objectives of this study were to determine whether placental immaturity (PI), defined ...
Astone Nan Marie - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate whether maternal socio-economic status during childhood and at the time of pregnancy each have unique associations with infant birthweight when biological determinants of birthweight are controlled. The data are from a three-generation study which contains information on the mothers and grandmothers of ...
Niclasen Birgit - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse if low birthweight is a valuable indicator of child health in Greenland. STUDY DESIGN: A case study focusing on "low birthweight as an indicator in Greenland" with 3 units and 5 subunits of analyses. METHODS: Literature reviews, interviews with health care ...
Rahman A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There is a high prevalence of depression in south Asian women. We aimed to examine the association between antenatal depression and low birthweight (LBW) in infants in a rural community in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. METHOD: A total of 143 physically healthy mothers with ICD-10 depression in the third trimester of ...
Hayes Edward J - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to determine if outcomes for very-low-birthweight (VLBW) neonates differ in multiple versus singleton gestations. This is a retrospective cohort study of neonates weighing less than 1500 g admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit from 1993 to 2004. Outcome variables were necrotizing enterocolitis, death, ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2007
Previously the association between oral ergotamine treatment during pregnancy and gestational age at delivery, birthweight, the rate of preterm birth and low birthweight has not been studied. Newborn infants without congenital abnormalities born to mothers with or without ergotamine treatment during pregnancy were evaluated in the population-based data set of ...
El Hassan Nahed - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to establish phosphate norms for the first 4 weeks of life for neonates with birthweight (BW) 500 to 1500 g. The study group included 52 consecutively born neonates: group A (n = 24; BW 500 to 1000 g), and group B (n = 28; ...
Dimmick Simon - - 2007
AIM: To describe cardiac surgery, survival and outcomes for low-birthweight (< or = 2500 g) infants undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. METHODS: Using data from a prospectively collected population-based database of admissions to neonatal intensive care units in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, we identified all ...
Ong Gabie K B - - 2007
Adiponectin is an insulin-sensitizing protein that circulates in oligomeric complexes, including trimers, hexamers and high-molecular-weight (HMW) multimers. In pregnant women, conflicting associations have been reported between maternal serum levels of total adiponectin (i.e. reflecting all isoforms) and infant birthweight. As the HMW complex has recently been proposed as the primary ...
Ahmad Magdy - - 2007
Dexamethasone therapy is used in the treatment of chronic lung disease in very low birthweight (VLBW) neonates. However, several significant side effects have been observed in these patients, including an increased incidence of infection. We initiated a pilot study to examine the in vitro function of neutrophils from dexamethasone-treated VLBW ...
Ogechi Amali-Adekwu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Feeding of own mother's milk to preterm very low-birthweight infants often results in suboptimal weight gain in these infants for whom energy requirements are high but in whom volume tolerance is limited. Therefore the purpose of the present paper was to investigate the effect of selective hindmilk feeding on ...
Zhang X - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to critically examine potential artifacts and biases underlying the use of 'customised' standards of birthweight for gestational age (GA). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: A total of 782,303 singletons > or =28 weeks of gestation born in 1992-2001 to Nordic mothers ...
Baron Ida Sue - - 2007
Multiple gestation is associated with a higher incidence of preterm birth and preterm birth often results in later neurocognitive and behavioral problems that persist into adulthood. The medical, neurobiological, familial, and socio-environmental factors determinant for an individual are unpredictable. We present neuropsychological data for fraternal triplets discordant for birthweight whose ...
Muñoz-Hoyos A - - 2007
AIM: Melatonin is a potent free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant. Knowledge about the behavior of melatonin secretion in the early neonatal period, which may relate to its properties at a vital stage during very high antioxidant demands, is limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 35 newborns admitted to ...
Moser Kath - - 2007
Gestational age is highly correlated with birth outcomes including birthweight and infant mortality. Since gestational age is not recorded at the registration of live births in England and Wales, it has not been possible to produce routine statistics on gestation-specific infant mortality rates. A new system, introduced in 2002, for ...
Werner Bo - - 2006
AIM: To describe the development of head circumference, from birth to age 48 mo, of infants in Sweden. METHODS: Every infant born on the 15th of any month in the 1981 birth cohort, living in Sweden as of 31 December 1989, was studied from birth to age 48 mo (n=3158). ...
Svare J A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in the second trimester of pregnancy in a Danish population using the Schmidt criteria and to examine whether BV was associated with subsequent preterm delivery, low birthweight or perinatal infections. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at ...
Akcakus Mustafa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) are the major micronutrients for fetal skeletal development. AIMS: To compare whole body bone mineral density (WB BMD) and bone mineral content (WB BMC) in different birthweights of term neonates and to determine correlations of biological criteria of bone health between ...
Hamilton Karen E St C - - 2007
To assess whether risk-adjusted mortality in very low birthweight or preterm infants is associated with levels of nursing provision. Prospective study of risk-adjusted mortality in infants admitted to a random sample of neonatal units. Fifty four UK neonatal intensive care units stratified by: patient volume; consultant availability; nurse:cot ratios. A ...
Bakketeig Leiv S - - 2006
Previous studies have demonstrated the tendency to repeat gestational age and birthweight in successive pregnancies and that this tendency is associated with infant survival. Thus, newborn outcome and survival is less favourable if the gestational age and size departs from this maternal tendency. This paper aims to study diseases or ...
Stenhouse E - - 2006
AIM: To explore the effects of maternal glucose on birthweight, infant and childhood growth in non-diabetic pregnant women using routinely collected data. METHODS: Routinely collected data were extracted retrospectively from two clinical databases. These data comprised measurements of maternal random plasma glucose, infant birthweight, infant and child weight and height ...
Kieffer Edith C - - 2006
We assessed the influence of maternal anthropometric and metabolic variables, including glucose tolerance, on infant birthweight. In our prospective, population-based cohort study of 1041 Latino mother-infant pairs, we used standardized interviews, anthropometry, metabolic assays, and medical record reviews. We assessed relationships among maternal sociodemographic, prenatal care, anthropometric, and metabolic characteristics ...
Tomashek Kay M - - 2006
To describe changes in infant mortality rates, including birthweight-specific rates and rates by age at death and cause. We analyzed US linked birth/infant-death data for 1989-1991 and 1998-2000 for American Indians/Alaska Native (AIAN) and White singleton infants at > or =20 weeks' gestation born to US residents. We calculated birthweight-specific ...
Wozniak L J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiothoracic (CT) ratio is a common measurement used to assess heart size in chest radiographs of pediatric patients, but no recent studies have analyzed the standards for CT ratios in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide improved standards for CT ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that increased birthweight discordance among twins was associated with increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity, but there is disagreement regarding the relationship between birthweight discordance and the risk of preterm birth. AIMS: To examine the relationship between intratwin birthweight discordance and preterm birth, and the ...
Emond Alan M - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the development and behaviour of low-birthweight (LBW) term infants compared with matched term infants of appropriate birthweight (ABW). METHODS: Two parallel cohorts of LBW infants (1500-2499 g) and ABW controls (3000-3499 g) were enrolled at birth in northeast Brazil. At 8 y, 164 children were assessed using ...
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