Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 923
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Hayes Donald K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Birthweight distributions and proportions of low birthweight (LBW) are commonly used to assess the health of populations. However, the "population" is difficult to define due to differences by race, socioeconomic status, age distribution, and cultural identity. This study analyzes birth outcomes in two Asian subgroups to examine variation within ...
Adamkin D H - - 2007
Postnatal growth failure in the extremely low birthweight infant is a morbidity that needs vigorous attention. The transition from intrauterine to the extrauterine environment should occur with minimal disruption in nutritional support. Early aggressive parenteral and enteral nutrition strategies may lead to reducing cumulative deficits of energy and protein that ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2007
AIM: Recently, Japan has witnessed an increase in the number of low-birthweight (LBW) infants. LBW children face a variety of social and medical risk factors. Thus, besides reducing infant mortality, preventing LBW would have many other important health benefits. Emotional status during pregnancy is stated as one of the important ...
Rodríguez-Morán M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Evidence from large studies suggests that low birthweight is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and glucose metabolism disorders in adulthood, but the physiological mechanisms involved in intrauterine growth conditioning low birthweight are not completely understood. The objectives of this study were to determine whether placental immaturity (PI), defined ...
Astone Nan Marie - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate whether maternal socio-economic status during childhood and at the time of pregnancy each have unique associations with infant birthweight when biological determinants of birthweight are controlled. The data are from a three-generation study which contains information on the mothers and grandmothers of ...
Niclasen Birgit - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse if low birthweight is a valuable indicator of child health in Greenland. STUDY DESIGN: A case study focusing on "low birthweight as an indicator in Greenland" with 3 units and 5 subunits of analyses. METHODS: Literature reviews, interviews with health care ...
Rahman A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There is a high prevalence of depression in south Asian women. We aimed to examine the association between antenatal depression and low birthweight (LBW) in infants in a rural community in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. METHOD: A total of 143 physically healthy mothers with ICD-10 depression in the third trimester of ...
Hayes Edward J - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to determine if outcomes for very-low-birthweight (VLBW) neonates differ in multiple versus singleton gestations. This is a retrospective cohort study of neonates weighing less than 1500 g admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit from 1993 to 2004. Outcome variables were necrotizing enterocolitis, death, ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2007
Previously the association between oral ergotamine treatment during pregnancy and gestational age at delivery, birthweight, the rate of preterm birth and low birthweight has not been studied. Newborn infants without congenital abnormalities born to mothers with or without ergotamine treatment during pregnancy were evaluated in the population-based data set of ...
El Hassan Nahed - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to establish phosphate norms for the first 4 weeks of life for neonates with birthweight (BW) 500 to 1500 g. The study group included 52 consecutively born neonates: group A (n = 24; BW 500 to 1000 g), and group B (n = 28; ...
Dimmick Simon - - 2007
AIM: To describe cardiac surgery, survival and outcomes for low-birthweight (< or = 2500 g) infants undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. METHODS: Using data from a prospectively collected population-based database of admissions to neonatal intensive care units in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, we identified all ...
Ong Gabie K B - - 2007
Adiponectin is an insulin-sensitizing protein that circulates in oligomeric complexes, including trimers, hexamers and high-molecular-weight (HMW) multimers. In pregnant women, conflicting associations have been reported between maternal serum levels of total adiponectin (i.e. reflecting all isoforms) and infant birthweight. As the HMW complex has recently been proposed as the primary ...
Ahmad Magdy - - 2007
Dexamethasone therapy is used in the treatment of chronic lung disease in very low birthweight (VLBW) neonates. However, several significant side effects have been observed in these patients, including an increased incidence of infection. We initiated a pilot study to examine the in vitro function of neutrophils from dexamethasone-treated VLBW ...
Ogechi Amali-Adekwu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Feeding of own mother's milk to preterm very low-birthweight infants often results in suboptimal weight gain in these infants for whom energy requirements are high but in whom volume tolerance is limited. Therefore the purpose of the present paper was to investigate the effect of selective hindmilk feeding on ...
Zhang X - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to critically examine potential artifacts and biases underlying the use of 'customised' standards of birthweight for gestational age (GA). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: A total of 782,303 singletons > or =28 weeks of gestation born in 1992-2001 to Nordic mothers ...
Baron Ida Sue - - 2007
Multiple gestation is associated with a higher incidence of preterm birth and preterm birth often results in later neurocognitive and behavioral problems that persist into adulthood. The medical, neurobiological, familial, and socio-environmental factors determinant for an individual are unpredictable. We present neuropsychological data for fraternal triplets discordant for birthweight whose ...
Muñoz-Hoyos A - - 2007
AIM: Melatonin is a potent free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant. Knowledge about the behavior of melatonin secretion in the early neonatal period, which may relate to its properties at a vital stage during very high antioxidant demands, is limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 35 newborns admitted to ...
Moser Kath - - 2007
Gestational age is highly correlated with birth outcomes including birthweight and infant mortality. Since gestational age is not recorded at the registration of live births in England and Wales, it has not been possible to produce routine statistics on gestation-specific infant mortality rates. A new system, introduced in 2002, for ...
Werner Bo - - 2006
AIM: To describe the development of head circumference, from birth to age 48 mo, of infants in Sweden. METHODS: Every infant born on the 15th of any month in the 1981 birth cohort, living in Sweden as of 31 December 1989, was studied from birth to age 48 mo (n=3158). ...
Svare J A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in the second trimester of pregnancy in a Danish population using the Schmidt criteria and to examine whether BV was associated with subsequent preterm delivery, low birthweight or perinatal infections. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at ...
Akcakus Mustafa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) are the major micronutrients for fetal skeletal development. AIMS: To compare whole body bone mineral density (WB BMD) and bone mineral content (WB BMC) in different birthweights of term neonates and to determine correlations of biological criteria of bone health between ...
Hamilton Karen E St C - - 2007
To assess whether risk-adjusted mortality in very low birthweight or preterm infants is associated with levels of nursing provision. Prospective study of risk-adjusted mortality in infants admitted to a random sample of neonatal units. Fifty four UK neonatal intensive care units stratified by: patient volume; consultant availability; nurse:cot ratios. A ...
Bakketeig Leiv S - - 2006
Previous studies have demonstrated the tendency to repeat gestational age and birthweight in successive pregnancies and that this tendency is associated with infant survival. Thus, newborn outcome and survival is less favourable if the gestational age and size departs from this maternal tendency. This paper aims to study diseases or ...
Stenhouse E - - 2006
AIM: To explore the effects of maternal glucose on birthweight, infant and childhood growth in non-diabetic pregnant women using routinely collected data. METHODS: Routinely collected data were extracted retrospectively from two clinical databases. These data comprised measurements of maternal random plasma glucose, infant birthweight, infant and child weight and height ...
Kieffer Edith C - - 2006
We assessed the influence of maternal anthropometric and metabolic variables, including glucose tolerance, on infant birthweight. In our prospective, population-based cohort study of 1041 Latino mother-infant pairs, we used standardized interviews, anthropometry, metabolic assays, and medical record reviews. We assessed relationships among maternal sociodemographic, prenatal care, anthropometric, and metabolic characteristics ...
Tomashek Kay M - - 2006
To describe changes in infant mortality rates, including birthweight-specific rates and rates by age at death and cause. We analyzed US linked birth/infant-death data for 1989-1991 and 1998-2000 for American Indians/Alaska Native (AIAN) and White singleton infants at > or =20 weeks' gestation born to US residents. We calculated birthweight-specific ...
Wozniak L J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiothoracic (CT) ratio is a common measurement used to assess heart size in chest radiographs of pediatric patients, but no recent studies have analyzed the standards for CT ratios in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide improved standards for CT ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that increased birthweight discordance among twins was associated with increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity, but there is disagreement regarding the relationship between birthweight discordance and the risk of preterm birth. AIMS: To examine the relationship between intratwin birthweight discordance and preterm birth, and the ...
Emond Alan M - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the development and behaviour of low-birthweight (LBW) term infants compared with matched term infants of appropriate birthweight (ABW). METHODS: Two parallel cohorts of LBW infants (1500-2499 g) and ABW controls (3000-3499 g) were enrolled at birth in northeast Brazil. At 8 y, 164 children were assessed using ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate vasopressin as a rescue therapy in catecholamine-refractory septic and cardiogenic shock in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Prospective assessment of vasopressin therapy in three VLBW infants with catecholamine-refractory septic shock (24 + 6 wk, 600 g) and cardiogenic shock (26 + 1 wk, 890 g; 26 + 1 ...
Dahl Marianne - - 2006
AIM: To describe physical outcome and school performance in a cohort of very-low-birthweight infants treated with early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP)/minimal handling regimen with permissive hypercapnia, in comparison to siblings of normal birthweight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Neonatal and follow-up data from 213 very-low-birthweight infants from 1983-1988 were registered ...
De Sutter Petra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Single-embryo transfer (SET) has proven efficient in reducing multiple pregnancy rates after assisted reproduction technologies (ART). This study compares outcome of singletons after SET and double-embryo transfer (DET). METHODS: We studied 404 SET and 431 DET patients, who delivered a singleton child of >500 g after fresh embryo transfer ...
Teramoto Satoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize physical and socioeconomic factors associated with birthweight in Tokyo, Japan. METHODS: In a cohort of obstetric outpatients from the Tokyo Metropolitan Maternity and Child Health Institute, Tokyo, and The Jikei University School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan, 553 eligible women in their ...
Dolk Helen - - 2006
We describe trends in the prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) by birthweight group, and in the severity of motor impairments and presence of associated intellectual impairment, in Northern Ireland from 1981 to 1997 (n=909; 510 males, 399 females; total population 415,936 live births) using data from a population-based register of ...
Nobilis András - - 2006
We studied the association between genetic polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system and the risk for circulatory failure (CF) during the first three postnatal days in 104 very-low-birthweight preterm infants. Infants with angiotensin-converting enzyme DD genotype were protected against CF (adjusted OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.19-0.89).
Field Tiffany - - 2006
A review of research on prenatal depression effects on the fetus and newborn suggests that they experience prenatal, perinatal and postnatal complications. Fetal activity is elevated, prenatal growth is delayed, and prematurity and low birthweight occur more often. Newborns of depressed mothers then show a biochemical/physiological profile that mimics their ...
Kalanda, Boniface Francis; ;
<B>Background</B>: In Malawi, malaria is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Low birthweight and fetal anaemia are also a common occurrence. The relationship between birthweight and fetal anaemia and malaria morbidity in infancy is not known. Objectives</B>: To investigate the relationship between incidence of first malaria episode and ...
Kleebkaow P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of placental pathology among low birthweight infants delivered at Srinagarind Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive study of 114 placentas from infants weighing between 500 and 2,499 grams delivered between June 2002 and June 2004 in the labour room, Srinagarind Hospital. Placentas from low birthweight infants ...
Watts J L - - 2006
Application of technology in neonatal intensive care has been very successful in reducing mortality, particularly in extremely low birthweight infants. As survival has improved, the need for accurate studies of long term outcome has increased. This need has been met by studies that are larger, more inclusive, and address a ...
Lee S Y R - - 2006
To evaluate the relation between chorioamnionitis and hypotension in very low birthweight infants. Retrospective cohort study in infants with a birth weight of <1500 g born between January 2002 and September 2004. The placentas were examined for evidence of chorioamnionitis and funisitis. Hypotension was defined by the use of vasopressors. ...
Miyawaki M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There have been only a few reports on the renin-angiotensin system in low birthweight infants; in particular, plasma angiotensin II concentrations have not been studied. AIM: To investigate plasma angiotensin II concentrations in early neonatal infants including low birthweight infants. METHODS: Forty six patients were studied, of whom 14 ...
Steyn Krisela - - 2006
This article describes the patterns and effects of maternal snuff use, cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke during pregnancy on birthweight and gestational age, in women living in Johannesburg and Soweto in 1990. A cohort of 1593 women with singleton live births provided information about their own and ...
Heise Carlos O - - 2006
We did a case-control study to verify if the birthweight, forceps delivery or perinatal asphyxia have any significant effect on the prognosis of obstetrical brachial plexopathy. Group A was composed of 25 infants who completely recovered at the age of 6 months. Group B was composed of 21 infants who ...
Njokanma O F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of birth interval on the relationship between the birthweights of successive siblings. METHODS: The records of women who had delivered two consecutive, same-sex, live, singletons babies (1983 through 1997) in a private hospital were analysed. The intervals between the birth dates of the siblings were ...
Hujoel Philippe P - - 2006
The goal of this study was to assess whether interruption of care for chronic periodontitis during pregnancy increased the risk of low-birthweight infants. A population-based case-control study was designed with 793 cases (infants < 2,500 g) and a random sample of 3,172 controls (infants >or= 2,500 g). Generalized estimating equation ...
Collingwood Bakeo Aleks - - 2006
This study examines whether there are socio-demographic factors (collected at census) that are not routinely available at birth registration that help to explain low birthweight in England and Wales in the 1980s and 1990s. Maternal age and marital status at the time of birth are known to affect the risk ...
Britt David W - - 2006
We investigated where telemedicine sites were placed in a telemedicine network to assist high-risk pregnancies in Arkansas. There were 14 telemedicine sites in 75 counties, excluding the central site in Pulaski county. Logistic regression was used to examine site placement. Five potential predictors of site placement were examined: (1) the ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To examine and quantify the changing contribution of some risk factors to the perinatal mortality rate. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study in Northern England compared stillbirth, neonatal, and perinatal mortality rates by birthweight, maternal age, plurality, and gender between 1982-1990 and 1991-2000. RESULTS: Atlhough the perinatal ...
Yokoyama Yoshie - - 2005
The aims of this study were to identify factors associated with birthweight, birth length and head circumference for triplets, and analyze these body size parameters at birth, especially head circumference, according to gestational age. The subjects of this study were 370 mothers and their 1109 triplet children (excluding one stillborn ...
Amigo Hugo - - 2005
The aims of the study were to describe the trend in birthweight from 1985 to 2000 in Chile and ascertain the possible factors that may explain the changes in birthweight during the period. We used time series of birthweight and length at birth of all live births (n > 4,000,000). ...
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