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Esakoff Tania F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between birthweight of 4000 g or greater and perinatal outcomes in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of 36,241 singleton pregnancies stratified by the diagnosis of GDM, with presence ...
Al-Akour Nemeh - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between women knowing the fetal gender and their newborns' birthweight. Four-hundred and eighty-four post-partum mothers before discharge from the maternity unit participated in this study. We collected our data from the women by using two sources: a demographic data questionnaire ...
Rowan Janet A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Customised birthweight centiles identify small-for-gestational-age (SGA) babies at increased risk of morbidity more accurately than population centiles, but they have not been validated in obese populations. AIMS: To compare the rates of SGA by population and customised birthweight centiles in babies of women with type 2 diabetes and examine ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between use of epidural analgesia (EDA) and maternal and fetal characteristics. DESIGN: Population-based register study. SETTING: Nationwide study in Sweden. POPULATION: All 106,775 primiparous women who in 2002-2005 delivered a singleton infant vaginally at term. METHODS: Register study with data from the Medical Birth Registry ...
Grady Sue C - - 2009
Infant mortality is a major public health problem in the State of Michigan and the United States. The primary adverse reproductive outcome underlying infant mortality is low birthweight. Visualizing and exploring the spatial patterns of low birthweight and infant mortality rates and standardized incidence and mortality ratios is important for ...
Zook K J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of placental pathology on neonatal neutrophils, platelets, hematocrit and nucleated red blood cells in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants born to mothers with preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants with birthweight < 1500 g born to mothers with preeclampsia from july, 2002 to ...
Urquia Marcelo L - - 2009
We compared the influence of the residential environment and maternal country of origin on birthweight and low birthweight of infants born to recent immigrants to urban Ontario. We linked delivery records (1993-2000) to an immigration database (1993-1995) and small-area census data (1996). The data were analyzed with cross-classified random-effects models ...
Wills Rachael-Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the percentage of preterm (< 37 weeks) and full-term low-birthweight (37-41 weeks, < 2500 g) babies born to mothers who smoke, stratified by Indigenous status and statistically adjusted for the potential confounding effects of social and demographic factors, medical conditions and pregnancy complications. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Titmuss Angela T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the role of socioeconomic status and Aboriginality on birthweight at an urban hospital. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Extraction of data on the demographic characteristics (socioeconomic status, mothers' single-parent status, age and smoking status) and infants' birthweight from a clinical record system. Infants delivered at an outer urban ...
Brecht M - - 2009
Invasive fungal infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. Extremely preterm and extremely low birthweight infants are at highest risk because of the intensive and invasive nature of the care that these infants receive. Additional specific risk factors include prolonged use of ...
Hutcheon J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the improved prediction of risk for perinatal mortality obtained with the use of a customised birthweight standard can also be obtained with the use of a non-customised but intrauterine-based standard. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Births in the ...
Hokama Tomiko - - 2008
The prefecture of Okinawa is known for the longevity of its population, for 30 years it had the longest life expectancy of all prefectures in Japan. However this advantage was lost in 2000 and male longevity is now ranked 26th among the 47 prefectures of Japan. The aim of this ...
Donohue Pamela K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The health and developmental outcomes of very low-birthweight infants are unpredictable over the first year of life. This uncertainty may have meaningful consequences for parents' quality of life. The objective of this study was to explore the quality of life of caregivers of these infants. METHODS: Primary caregivers of ...
Vettore M V - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Findings on the effect of periodontal disease on preterm low birthweight are inconclusive. The objective of this study was to compare periodontal clinical measures and the levels and proportions of 39 bacterial species in subgingival biofilm samples in puerperal women with preterm low birthweight and nonpreterm low ...
Habib Ndema Abu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low birthweights as well as high perinatal mortality rates are common in most African populations. Little is known, however, about how low birthweight corresponds with higher mortality rates within African populations. Twins are known to have lower birthweights and higher perinatal mortality rates than singletons. If lower birthweights represent ...
Griesinger G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Singleton children born after IVF are of lower birthweight compared with their naturally conceived peers. It has been hypothesized that ovarian stimulation might be associated with low birthweight in children born after IVF. The aim of the present study was to explore whether or not a dose relationship exists ...
Serra V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical value of the short-term fetal heart rate variation (STV) for timing the delivery of severely growth-retarded fetuses, many associated with pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: John Radcliffe Maternity Hospital, Oxford, UK. POPULATION: Two hundred and fifty-seven fetuses with a birthweight less than third percentile ...
Howard David L - - 2008
There is still controversy surrounding the effectiveness of prenatal care in reducing low birthweight. In addition, very few studies have assessed the relationship between prenatal care and infant birthweight among pregnant women within the prison system. We sought to ascertain whether there is an association between the quantity of prenatal ...
Rotteveel J - - 2008
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Low birthweight in infants born at term is related to the presence of the metabolic syndrome as an adult. Individuals born preterm invariably have low birthweights and may develop the metabolic syndrome as well. Although high BP, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance have been documented, dyslipidaemia has never been ...
Helder Onno K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare effects on premature infants' weight gain of a computer-generated and a nurse-determined incubator humidity strategy. An optimal humidity protocol is thought to reduce time to regain birthweight. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled design. SETTING: Level IIIC neonatal intensive care unit in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Infants of 24 to ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare neonatal outcome by method of delivery in very low-birthweight less than 1500 g vertex-presenting fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort was conducted of 2466 very low-birthweight singleton liveborn vertex-presenting fetuses in Washington State (1994-2003). The exposure considered was cesarean delivery vs vaginal delivery. ...
Owusu-Ansah Albert K - - 2008
We analysed a transgenerational linked birth file to investigate the relationship between maternal birthweight and infant birthweight-specific mortality risk for white and African American infants. Birth records of 267,303 infants born between 1989 and 1991 were linked to records of their mothers, born between 1956 and 1976, and to their ...
Geffers C - - 2008
Infants with birthweight <1500g (VLBW) are at high risk of healthcare-associated infection (HAI). We present surveillance data from the NEO-KISS surveillance system, collected between 2000 and 2005 by 52 neonatology departments in Germany. Infants were stratified into two birthweight categories (<1000 and 1000-1499 g), and rates of nosocomial bloodstream infection ...
Bell Ruth - - 2008
This article describes trends in population birthweight distribution in the north of England between 1982 and 2000, and reviews the international literature on recent birthweight trends in industrialized populations. Two contrasting trends were observed: an increase in low birthweight from 7.0% to 7.7% of all births, and an increase in ...
Ríos Jesús Manuel - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the 10th, 50th and 90th percentiles of birthweight, by gestational age and sex, for newborns covered by the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in the State of Chihuahua. To generate the database, we used IMSS hospitals' records in the State of ...
Mardones Francisco - - 2008
The study was conducted to determine the combined effect of birthweight and gestational age at birth on neonatal mortality using individually-identified livebirths. Logistic regression was used for studying the interactive effect of birthweight and gestational age on the individual probability of neonatal death. All livebirths from Chile in 2000 were ...
Elshibly Eltahir M - - 2008
Birthweight (BW) is an important predictor of newborn morbidity and mortality. In Africa, infant mortality is very high mainly due to low birthweight (LBW). Most deliveries occur at home where scales are not always available. The aim of this study was to find a simple formula to predict birthweight using ...
Kono Yumi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to describe developmental profiles of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants compared by birthweight, because those of infants with birthweight <750 g might be different from other VLBW infants. METHODS: VLBW infants from four medical centers were followed at each site with the same ...
Gisselmann Marit Dahlén - - 2008
The aims of this study were to examine the association between maternal working conditions and birth outcomes, and to determine the extent to which these contributed to class inequalities in six birth outcomes. We used an existing job exposure matrix developed from survey data collected in 1977 and 1979 to ...
Miksch Ruth-Maria - - 2008
In this paper, a retrospective study was performed to find out whether the introduction of early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) as a new standard regime of very low birthweight infants will lead to a decreasing tracheal intubation and ventilation rate, as well as to a lower incidence of ...
Spencer Michael D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although neuroanatomical and cognitive sequelae of low birthweight and preterm birth have been investigated, little is understood as to the likely prevalence of a history of low birthweight or preterm birth, or neuroanatomical correlates of such a history, within the special educational needs population. Our aim was to address ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The link between maternal factors and birth outcomes is well established. Substantial changes in society and medical care over time have influenced women's reproductive choices and health, subsequently affecting birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe temporal changes in key maternal and fetal factors affecting birth ...
Moser Kath - - 2008
Low birthweight babies and babies born preterm are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality in the first year of life, as well as in the longer-term. Since information on ethnic group is not recorded at birth registration in England and Wales, it has not been possible to produce routine ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2008
Very low birthweight infants are at risk for deficits in cognitive and language development, as well as attention and behaviour problems. Maternal sensitive behaviour (i.e. awareness of infant cues and appropriate responsiveness to those cues) in interaction with her very low birthweight infant is associated with better outcomes in these ...
Klebanoff Mark A - - 2008
Increasing paternal birthweight has been associated with increased risk of fathering a preterm infant, causing speculation that a fetus programmed to grow rapidly can trigger preterm labor. Pregnancies occurring from 1974-1989 among women themselves born in the Danish Perinatal Study (1959-1961) were identified through the Population Register; obstetric records were ...
Bonellie Sandra - - 2008
Centile charts of birthweight for gestational age are used to identify low birthweight babies. The charts currently used in Scotland are based on data from the 1970s and require updating given changes in birthweight and in the measurement of gestational age since then. Routinely collected data of 100,133 singleton births ...
Isaranurug Sirikul - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the maternal risk factors of low birthweight (LBW) in Thailand and to address the possible activities to reduce the incidence of LBW. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The data were obtained from the Prospective Cohort Study in Thai Children (PCTC). Three thousand five hundred twenty two pregnancies initiated the ...
Papadogiannakis Nikos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of confined placental mosaicism (CPM) in placentas from liveborn infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 51 placentas from small-for-gestational-age (SGA), live born infants (birthweight below 5th centile), and 45 placentas from normally grown infants at term was performed. ...
Urquia Marcelo L ML Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto. - - 2007
This article examines differences in birth outcomes by neighbourhood income and recent immigration for singleton live births in Toronto, Ontario. The birth data were extracted from hospital discharge abstracts compiled by the Canadian Institute for Health Information. A population-based cross-sectional study of 143,030 singleton live births to mothers residing in ...
- - 2007
In the United States, infants with birthweights <750 g (i.e., extremely low birthweight infants) account for <1% of all births but approximately one third of the total infant mortality rate. Because these infants often have short life spans, their deaths might be misclassified as fetal deaths, leading to an underestimation ...
Duran Ridvan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatal gastric perforation (NGP) is a rare event and its etiology is still controversial. Although it has previously been described as spontaneous, recently some risk factors have been reported to be associated with the development of NGP including prematurity and nasal ventilation. The purpose of the present paper was ...
Trotman H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the early outcome of extremely low birthweight infants delivered at the University Hospital of the West Indies. METHODS: A two-year retrospective review of the charts of all live, inborn extremely low birthweight infants admitted to the neonatal unit between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2003 was ...
Friedlander Yechiel - - 2007
We sought to examine the association between birthweight in offspring and mortality in their parents. Distinguishing between risks of outcomes in mothers from fathers potentially provides clues as to the relative roles of genetic versus nongenetic mechanisms underlying these associations. We studied total and cause-specific mortality in a population-based cohort ...
Clerihew L - - 2008
Systematic review and meta-analysis of four randomised controlled trials suggest that prophylactic fluconazole reduces the incidence of invasive fungal infection in very low birthweight infants. Further trials are needed to provide more precise estimates of effect size, and to assess the effect on mortality, neurodevelopment and the emergence of antifungal ...
Clerihew L - - 2008
In a UK-wide survey, 28% of neonatal units reported using systemic or topical/oral antifungal prophylaxis for very low birthweight infants. Systemic prophylaxis is targeted to extremely preterm infants with additional risk factors for invasive fungal infection. Currently, there seems to be sufficient variation in practice to undertake randomised trials of ...
Callaghan William M - - 2007
Information on gestational age for public health research and surveillance in the US is usually obtained from vital records and is primarily based on the first day of the woman's last menstrual period (LMP). However, using LMP as a marker of conception is subject to a variety of errors and ...
Feldman Deborah M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare neonatal outcomes in very-low-birthweight infants who were exposed to antenatal betamethasone vs dexamethasone. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all inborn very-low-birthweight infants from January 1997 through February 2006. Maternal medical records were reviewed to determine the type of antenatal steroids that each ...
Haglund Bengt - - 2007
Studies based on data from the US have reported that the birthweight distribution at gestational age 28-31 weeks is bimodal with a second peak occurring at approximately 3300 g, suggesting that there is misclassification of term infants. In these studies, gestational ages were estimated from the date of the last ...
Zagré Noël M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies during pregnancy are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including reduced birthweight. Low birthweight is associated with increased risk of infant mortality and growth failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prenatal supplementation with UNIMMAP (United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Preparation) compared with iron/folic acid on average birthweight ...
Jackson Debra J - - 2007
The aim of this case-control study was to determine the risk factors for low birthweight in a farming region in South Africa, with particular attention to maternal alcohol use and smoking, both independently and in combination. Data collection was via structured postpartum interviews and review of antenatal and delivery records. ...
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