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Results 151 - 200 of 943
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Edwards Nicole M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate whether any observed trends in birthweight are accompanied by changes in maternal sociodemographic characteristics, including age, marital status, and education. We conducted a population-based study of term singletons born in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, between 1992 and 2005 (N = 66,638). Large-sample ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2010
A systematic review of the risks of a low birthweight (LBW), preterm, and small-for-gestational-age births in relation to paternal factors was performed. Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and bibliographies of identified articles were searched for English-language studies. Study qualities were assessed according to a predefined ...
Zilko C E Margerison - - 2010
BACKGROUND Previous research has demonstrated an association between economic contraction at both the individual and aggregate level, and adverse health outcomes. Proposed mechanisms include increased psychosocial stress and loss of resources. The aim of this review is to assess the quantity, validity and consistency of empirical evidence examining economic contraction ...
Hoy Wendy E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe associations between birthweight and infant, child and early adult mortality from natural causes in a remote Australian Aboriginal community against a background of rapidly changing mortality due to better health services. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Cohort study of 995 people with recorded birthweights who were born between ...
Merritt T Allen - - 2010
The detrimental effect of tobacco exposure prior to conception and during pregnancy has been receiving much worldwide attention. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with early-onset wheezing, increased respiratory illnesses, and a 2-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Adverse effects on the infant include altered infant behaviors ...
Kayemba-Kay's Simon - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on foetal growth in preterm infants with gestational age (GA) <33 weeks. Prospective observational cross-sectional study from two French perinatal networks cohort of preterm infants. Cases were 358 very preterm infants (GA 24-32 weeks) divided into two groups as maternal smokers ...
Taheri Parvin - - 2010
Prematurity is the main cause of death in infants under one year of age and is the main reason for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization. The stressful environment of NICU exposes preterm infants to inappropriate stimuli. This study aimed to determine and compare the mean heart rate and oxygen ...
Charnigo Richard - - 2010
Greater epidemiologic understanding of the relationships among fetal-infant mortality and its prognostic factors, including birthweight, could have vast public health implications. A key step toward that understanding is a realistic and tractable framework for analyzing birthweight distributions and fetal-infant mortality. The present paper is the second of a two-part series ...
Ortega Guadalupe - - 2010
There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of ...
Cantonwine David D Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. - - 2010
Neonatal growth is a complex process involving genetic and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in the hemochromatosis (HFE) iron regulatory genes have been shown to modify transport and toxicity of lead which is known to affect birth weight. We investigated the role of HFE C282Y, HFE H63 D, and transferrin (TF) P570 ...
Khashan A S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes have been associated with maternal celiac disease (CD). In this study, we investigate the effect of treated and untreated maternal CD on infant birthweight and preterm birth. METHODS: A population-based cohort study consisted of all singleton live births in Denmark between 1 January 1979 and 31 ...
Osypuk Theresa L TL Northeastern University, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, 360 Huntington Avenue, Robinson 316, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2010
Examining whether contextual factors influence the birth outcomes of Mexican-origin infants in the US may contribute to assessing rival explanations for the so-called Mexican health paradox. We examined whether birthweight among infants born to Mexican-origin women in the US was associated with Mexican residential enclaves and exposure to neighborhood poverty, ...
Visser Gerard H A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To construct new Dutch reference curves for birthweight by parity, sex and ethnic background. DESIGN: Retrospective nationwide study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Reference curves for birthweight were constructed using the LMS model and were based on 176,000 singleton births in the Netherlands in the year 2001 (approximately 95% of all ...
Ullah Anayet - - 2009
It has been suggested that a birthweight limit of 2.5 kg should not be regarded as valid for all populations as the cut-off point of low-weight births because of demographic, genetic and environmental differences. Countries often choose alternative cut-off values for low birthweight for clinical purposes. Bangladesh also needs to ...
Surman Geraldine G National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK. - - 2009
Increasingly, more very-low-birthweight infants in the developed world are now expected to survive the neonatal period than was previously the case. There are concerns that there may be a related increase in the number of infants developing severe sensorimotor impairments. Pooled data from five registers contributing to the UK Network ...
McGuire W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The validity and applicability of before-after studies compared to randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of fluconazole prophylaxis for very low birthweight (VLBW) infants is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine whether the study design (before-after studies compared to RCTs) affected the estimate of effect size yielded in meta-analyses and ...
Vrijkotte Tanja G M - - 2009
We investigated the relationship between women's first-trimester working conditions and infant birthweight. Pregnant women (N = 8266) participating in the Amsterdam Born Children and Their Development study completed a questionnaire gathering information on employment and working conditions. After exclusions, 7135 women remained in our analyses. Low birthweight and delivery of ...
Violaris Kimon - - 2010
We compared the efficacy and safety of fluconazole and nystatin oral suspensions for the prevention of systemic fungal infection (SFI) in very low birthweight infants. A prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted over a 15-month period, from May 1997 through September 1998, in 80 preterm infants with birthweights <1500 g. ...
Dolgun Gülümser - - 2009
This study was conducted to examine the effect of a number of variables related to the mother (age, educational level, employment status, cigarette smoking during pregnancy) and to the baby (sex and birth order) on newborns' birthweight. The research was carried out in the province of Istanbul, one of Turkey's ...
Al-Qattan Mohammed M - - 2009
Several reputed obstetric brachial plexus clinics use their own protocols and indications for surgery. This study is to present and explain the obstetric brachial plexus data sheet used at our institution. The data sheet is composed of 5 main parts: (1) the basic database which includes the name, age, type ...
Esakoff Tania F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between birthweight of 4000 g or greater and perinatal outcomes in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of 36,241 singleton pregnancies stratified by the diagnosis of GDM, with presence ...
Al-Akour Nemeh - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between women knowing the fetal gender and their newborns' birthweight. Four-hundred and eighty-four post-partum mothers before discharge from the maternity unit participated in this study. We collected our data from the women by using two sources: a demographic data questionnaire ...
Rowan Janet A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Customised birthweight centiles identify small-for-gestational-age (SGA) babies at increased risk of morbidity more accurately than population centiles, but they have not been validated in obese populations. AIMS: To compare the rates of SGA by population and customised birthweight centiles in babies of women with type 2 diabetes and examine ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between use of epidural analgesia (EDA) and maternal and fetal characteristics. DESIGN: Population-based register study. SETTING: Nationwide study in Sweden. POPULATION: All 106,775 primiparous women who in 2002-2005 delivered a singleton infant vaginally at term. METHODS: Register study with data from the Medical Birth Registry ...
Grady Sue C - - 2009
Infant mortality is a major public health problem in the State of Michigan and the United States. The primary adverse reproductive outcome underlying infant mortality is low birthweight. Visualizing and exploring the spatial patterns of low birthweight and infant mortality rates and standardized incidence and mortality ratios is important for ...
Zook K J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of placental pathology on neonatal neutrophils, platelets, hematocrit and nucleated red blood cells in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants born to mothers with preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants with birthweight < 1500 g born to mothers with preeclampsia from july, 2002 to ...
Urquia Marcelo L - - 2009
We compared the influence of the residential environment and maternal country of origin on birthweight and low birthweight of infants born to recent immigrants to urban Ontario. We linked delivery records (1993-2000) to an immigration database (1993-1995) and small-area census data (1996). The data were analyzed with cross-classified random-effects models ...
Wills Rachael-Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the percentage of preterm (< 37 weeks) and full-term low-birthweight (37-41 weeks, < 2500 g) babies born to mothers who smoke, stratified by Indigenous status and statistically adjusted for the potential confounding effects of social and demographic factors, medical conditions and pregnancy complications. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Titmuss Angela T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the role of socioeconomic status and Aboriginality on birthweight at an urban hospital. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Extraction of data on the demographic characteristics (socioeconomic status, mothers' single-parent status, age and smoking status) and infants' birthweight from a clinical record system. Infants delivered at an outer urban ...
Brecht M - - 2009
Invasive fungal infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. Extremely preterm and extremely low birthweight infants are at highest risk because of the intensive and invasive nature of the care that these infants receive. Additional specific risk factors include prolonged use of ...
Hutcheon J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the improved prediction of risk for perinatal mortality obtained with the use of a customised birthweight standard can also be obtained with the use of a non-customised but intrauterine-based standard. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Births in the ...
Hokama Tomiko - - 2008
The prefecture of Okinawa is known for the longevity of its population, for 30 years it had the longest life expectancy of all prefectures in Japan. However this advantage was lost in 2000 and male longevity is now ranked 26th among the 47 prefectures of Japan. The aim of this ...
Donohue Pamela K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The health and developmental outcomes of very low-birthweight infants are unpredictable over the first year of life. This uncertainty may have meaningful consequences for parents' quality of life. The objective of this study was to explore the quality of life of caregivers of these infants. METHODS: Primary caregivers of ...
Vettore M V - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Findings on the effect of periodontal disease on preterm low birthweight are inconclusive. The objective of this study was to compare periodontal clinical measures and the levels and proportions of 39 bacterial species in subgingival biofilm samples in puerperal women with preterm low birthweight and nonpreterm low ...
Habib Ndema Abu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low birthweights as well as high perinatal mortality rates are common in most African populations. Little is known, however, about how low birthweight corresponds with higher mortality rates within African populations. Twins are known to have lower birthweights and higher perinatal mortality rates than singletons. If lower birthweights represent ...
Griesinger G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Singleton children born after IVF are of lower birthweight compared with their naturally conceived peers. It has been hypothesized that ovarian stimulation might be associated with low birthweight in children born after IVF. The aim of the present study was to explore whether or not a dose relationship exists ...
Serra V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical value of the short-term fetal heart rate variation (STV) for timing the delivery of severely growth-retarded fetuses, many associated with pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: John Radcliffe Maternity Hospital, Oxford, UK. POPULATION: Two hundred and fifty-seven fetuses with a birthweight less than third percentile ...
Howard David L - - 2008
There is still controversy surrounding the effectiveness of prenatal care in reducing low birthweight. In addition, very few studies have assessed the relationship between prenatal care and infant birthweight among pregnant women within the prison system. We sought to ascertain whether there is an association between the quantity of prenatal ...
Rotteveel J - - 2008
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Low birthweight in infants born at term is related to the presence of the metabolic syndrome as an adult. Individuals born preterm invariably have low birthweights and may develop the metabolic syndrome as well. Although high BP, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance have been documented, dyslipidaemia has never been ...
Helder Onno K OK Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2008
To compare effects on premature infants' weight gain of a computer-generated and a nurse-determined incubator humidity strategy. An optimal humidity protocol is thought to reduce time to regain birthweight. Prospective randomized controlled design. Level IIIC neonatal intensive care unit in the Netherlands. Infants of 24 to 30 weeks gestational age ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare neonatal outcome by method of delivery in very low-birthweight less than 1500 g vertex-presenting fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort was conducted of 2466 very low-birthweight singleton liveborn vertex-presenting fetuses in Washington State (1994-2003). The exposure considered was cesarean delivery vs vaginal delivery. ...
Owusu-Ansah Albert K - - 2008
We analysed a transgenerational linked birth file to investigate the relationship between maternal birthweight and infant birthweight-specific mortality risk for white and African American infants. Birth records of 267,303 infants born between 1989 and 1991 were linked to records of their mothers, born between 1956 and 1976, and to their ...
Geffers C - - 2008
Infants with birthweight <1500g (VLBW) are at high risk of healthcare-associated infection (HAI). We present surveillance data from the NEO-KISS surveillance system, collected between 2000 and 2005 by 52 neonatology departments in Germany. Infants were stratified into two birthweight categories (<1000 and 1000-1499 g), and rates of nosocomial bloodstream infection ...
Bell Ruth - - 2008
This article describes trends in population birthweight distribution in the north of England between 1982 and 2000, and reviews the international literature on recent birthweight trends in industrialized populations. Two contrasting trends were observed: an increase in low birthweight from 7.0% to 7.7% of all births, and an increase in ...
Ríos Jesús Manuel - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the 10th, 50th and 90th percentiles of birthweight, by gestational age and sex, for newborns covered by the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in the State of Chihuahua. To generate the database, we used IMSS hospitals' records in the State of ...
Mardones Francisco - - 2008
The study was conducted to determine the combined effect of birthweight and gestational age at birth on neonatal mortality using individually-identified livebirths. Logistic regression was used for studying the interactive effect of birthweight and gestational age on the individual probability of neonatal death. All livebirths from Chile in 2000 were ...
Elshibly Eltahir M - - 2008
Birthweight (BW) is an important predictor of newborn morbidity and mortality. In Africa, infant mortality is very high mainly due to low birthweight (LBW). Most deliveries occur at home where scales are not always available. The aim of this study was to find a simple formula to predict birthweight using ...
Kono Yumi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to describe developmental profiles of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants compared by birthweight, because those of infants with birthweight <750 g might be different from other VLBW infants. METHODS: VLBW infants from four medical centers were followed at each site with the same ...
Gisselmann Marit Dahlén - - 2008
The aims of this study were to examine the association between maternal working conditions and birth outcomes, and to determine the extent to which these contributed to class inequalities in six birth outcomes. We used an existing job exposure matrix developed from survey data collected in 1977 and 1979 to ...
Miksch Ruth-Maria - - 2008
In this paper, a retrospective study was performed to find out whether the introduction of early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) as a new standard regime of very low birthweight infants will lead to a decreasing tracheal intubation and ventilation rate, as well as to a lower incidence of ...
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