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Sparić Radmila - - 2012
Caesarean hysterectomy evolved as a life-saving procedure following caesarean delivery. The concept underlying caesarean hysterectomy dates back to the mid 1700s and with a description of the procedure performed on laboratory animals. Eduardo Porro of Milan performed the first planned caesarean hysterectomy in which both the infant and the mother ...
Najafian Mahin - - 2012
Background. Macrosomia is defined as an infant's birth weight of more than 4000 g at term which is to different maternal and neonatal complications. Several studies have been done on factors influencing risk of macrosomia, but there is lack of information and study in our country regarding macrosomia complications. Objective. The ...
Tashakori Ashraf - - 2012
There is a relationship between infant feeding method and maternal postpartum depression (PPD). This study was carried out in an Iranian population to compare the prevalence of PPD symptoms between breast feeding and non-breast feeding mothers for first time. Four health centers in Ahvas were selected by random sampling in ...
Thies-Lagergren Li - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare maternal labour and birth outcomes between women who gave birth on a birth seat or in any other position for vaginal birth and further, to study the relationship between synthetic oxytocin augmentation and maternal blood loss, in a stratified sample. A re-analysis ...
Mmbaga Blandina T - - 2012
Perinatal mortality reflects maternal health as well as antenatal, intrapartum and newborn care, and is an important health indicator. This study aimed at classifying causes of perinatal death in order to identify categories of potentially preventable deaths. We studied a total of 1958 stillbirths and early neonatal deaths above 500 ...
Clark Matthew T - - 2012
In healthy neonates, connections between the heart and lungs through brain stem chemosensory pathways and the autonomic nervous system result in cardiorespiratory synchronization. This interdependence between cardiac and respiratory dynamics can be difficult to measure because of intermittent signal quality in intensive care settings and variability of heart and breathing ...
Hehir David A - - 2011
Improvement in operative survival of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome has led to increasing emphasis on prevention of interstage mortality. Many centres have improved interstage results through programmes of home monitoring following discharge after the Norwood (Stage 1) operation. Experience with heightened interstage surveillance has identified failure to thrive ...
Toib Amir - - 2011
We describe a case of an infant with a single ventricle physiology, who presented with spontaneous microbubbles originating from her inferior vena cava. Imaging revealed a persistent patent ductus venosus, leading to a portosystemic shunt, streaming the microbubbles into the heart. We discuss the possible mechanisms for this rare phenomenon ...
Renner J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st>Dynamic variables reliably predict fluid responsiveness (FR) in adults, but no data are available regarding their performance in infants. The aim of this prospective study was to assess whether pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV), in contrast to central venous pressure (CVP) and global end-diastolic volume ...
Solberg Oivind - - 2011
The object of this study was to examine the role of emotional reactivity in infants with congenital heart defects (CHD) in relation to their mothers' symptoms of postnatal depression. The study population was drawn from the Norwegian country-wide CHD registry from the Department of Pediatric Cardiology at Oslo University Hospital ...
Garne Ester - - 2011
Estimates of the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHD) have been published over many years and from many regions. As they are based on different definitions of which cases to include in the CHD prevalence, published prevalence estimates vary substantially. With the increasing use of echocardiography in neonatal intensive care, ...
Nyp M F - - 2011
We present a case of a late-preterm infant admitted for suspected cyanotic heart disease who was found to have a thrombosed ductus arteriosus. Maternal history was significant for heterozygosity for Factor V Leiden, treated with enoxaparin during her pregnancy, and congenital hearing loss. The neonate did not have a Factor ...
Singh Nisha - - 2011
This study was done to compare isoxpurine hydrochloride and nifedipine as tocolytic drugs for preterm labor. A prospective cohort study of 832 antenatal women with preterm labor was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Out of 400 women found eligible for tocolysis, 200 were given isoxpurine hydrochloride while ...
Vasudevan Kumar - - 2011
A cerebral arteriovenous fistula (CAVF) is a rare abnormality representing only 4.7% of all cerebral arteriovenous malformations. In this report a unique case is presented of a giant holo-hemispheric CAVF in an infant who presented with congestive heart failure and was successfully treated endovascularly with transarterial and transvenous embolization. A ...
Karlsson Björn-Markus - - 2011
Aim:  To measure the effect of sound and whole-body vibration on infants' heart rate and heart rate variability during ground and air ambulance transport. Methods:  Sixteen infants were transported by air ambulance with ground ambulance transport to and from the airports. Whole-body vibration and sound levels were recorded and heart ...
Hayashizaki Yoshie - - 2011
A female infant was found unresponsive at home. The mother alleged that she delivered the baby at home 13days prior to the death. The mother did not have any prenatal examinations during the pregnancy and the infant was not examined by a doctor until death. The autopsy revealed that the ...
Schwedler Gerda - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common single organ malformations in humans. A comprehensive study was initiated within the Competence Network for Congenital Heart Defects to assess population-based nationwide prevalence data for Germany. METHODS: Study register of demographic and medical data of live births with CHD born between ...
Mola G D L GD Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby. - - 2011
This paper presents 35 years of history of operative vaginal delivery at the Port Moresby General Hospital (PMGH). From the early 1970s when Dr. G.C. Bird was appointed as Head of Obstetrics at PMGH, vacuum extraction has been the preferred method of assisted vaginal delivery. In the early 1970s, Dr ...
Bassareo Pier Paolo - - 2011
Reflex vagal hypertonia (RVH) has been identified as a possible cause of sudden unexpected death in infants during the first year of life. Homatropine methylbromide (HM) is an anticholinergic drug known to inhibit muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, thus affecting the parasympathetic nervous system. The aim of the present study was to ...
Ewer Andrew K AK University of Birmingham, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Birmingham, UK. - - 2011
Screening for congenital heart defects relies on antenatal ultrasonography and postnatal clinical examination; however, life-threatening defects often are not detected. We prospectively assessed the accuracy of pulse oximetry as a screening test for congenital heart defects. In six maternity units in the UK, asymptomatic newborn babies (gestation >34 weeks) were ...
Vincent Sarah - - 2011
This year's UNICEF Baby Friendly Conference in November will be as diverse as ever, with speakers touching on all aspects of infant feeding and care for new mothers and their babies. One speaker will be Detective Chief Superintendent John Carnochan, Head of the Scottish Violence Reduction Unit. Nearly four decades ...
Cheng Henry H - - 2011
We sought to describe contemporary outcomes and identify risk factors for hospital mortality in premature neonates with critical congenital heart disease who were referred for early intervention. Neonates who were born before 37 weeks' gestation with critical congenital heart disease and admitted to our institution from 2002 to 2008 were included ...
Cnota James F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe congenital heart disease death rates in infants born between 34 and 40 weeks, estimate the relationship between gestational age and congenital heart disease infant death rates, and compare congenital heart disease death rates across 1- and 2-week intervals in gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: The 2000 to 2003 ...
Zuppa Athena F AF Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2011
To determine the pharmacokinetics of pentobarbital in neonates, infants, and young children with congenital heart disease after open-heart surgery. Thirty-five subjects (3.0 days-4.4 years) after open-heart surgery who received pentobarbital as standard of care were enrolled. Serial pharmacokinetic blood samples were obtained. A population-based, nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach was used ...
Lee Seung Han - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the superimposed-thumb technique could reduce the chest compression area in infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: Charts and multidirectional computed tomography images of infants presented to four hospitals from January 2007 to September 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. We measured at the point of maximal anterior-posterior heart diameter ...
Rosti L - - 2011
No study described reliably the changes in cerebral ultrasound (CUS) findings in neonatal heart surgery. We tried to define the modifications of CUS before and after heart surgery in neonates. We studied 48 neonates with congenital heart defects were studied. Of these, 33 had correction of the malformation with cardiopulmonary ...
Howard David L - - 2011
The primary aim of this study was to examine whether incarceration during pregnancy is associated with infant birthweight. Our second objective was to illustrate the sensitivity of the relationship between infant birthweight and exposure to prison during pregnancy to the method used to measure and model this exposure. The data ...
Baheiraei Azam A Department of Reproductive Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2011
The objective of this study was to assess whether counseling both mothers and fathers reduces their infants' exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). Participants were 130 nonsmoking children aged less than 1 year, exposed to their fathers' or mothers' smoking, and recruited from a health center in southern Tehran. Eligible families ...
Verhagen Elise A - - 2011
AIM: Our aim was to determine the influence of prenatal tobacco exposure on regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (r(c)SO(2)) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) in preterm infants. We hypothesized that as a result of vasoconstriction caused by prenatal tobacco exposure r(c)SO(2) would be lower and FTOE would be higher ...
Behm Ilan - - 2011
Purpose This study utilises an ecological design to analyse the relation between concurrent temporal trends in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates and prevalence of smoke-free households with infants in the USA, controlling for an important risk factor, infant supine sleep position. Methods Annual state-specific SIDS cases were computed using ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2011
During prenatal development, the nervous system may be more susceptible to environmental toxicants, such as secondhand smoke. The authors assessed the effects of prenatal and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure on the neurodevelopment of 6-month infants. The subjects were 414 mother and infant pairs with no medical problems, taken from the ...
Alverson Clinton J - - 2011
Objective: We investigated associations between maternal cigarette smoking during the first trimester and the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) among the infants. Methods: The Baltimore-Washington Infant Study was the first population-based case-control study of CHDs conducted in the United States. Case and control infants were enrolled during the period ...
Lamb Diane J - - 2011
Triplets are often born premature and with a low birth weight. Because the incidence of triplet births is rare, there are relatively few studies describing triplet birth weight characteristics. Earlier studies are often characterized by small sample sizes and lack information on important background variables such as zygosity. The objective ...
Jennekens Ward W Department of Clinical Physics of the Máxima Medical Center, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. - - 2011
In this paper we present an autonomic cardiovascular model of a preterm infant of 28 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 1000 g and a closed ductus arteriosus by the end of the first week, that is capable of describing the complex interactions between heart rate, blood pressure ...
Tipene-Leach David - - 2010
Maori have high SIDS rates and relevant information is needed to craft appropriate prevention strategies. The aim of the study was to determine what Maori mothers know about SIDS prevention, and to determine their SIDS-related child care practices. Maori mothers who gave birth in the Counties Manukau District Health Board ...
Alkan-Bozkaya Tijen - - 2010
Low birthweight (LBW) continues to be a high-risk factor in surgery for congenital heart disease. This risk is particularly very high in very low birthweight infants under 1500g and extremely LBW infants under 1000g. From January 2005 to December 2008, 33 consecutive LBW neonates underwent cardiac surgery in our clinic ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
Adverse birth outcomes remain significant contributors to perinatal mortality as well as developmental disabilities worldwide but limited evidence exists in sub-Saharan Africa based on a conceptual framework incorporating neighborhood context. This study therefore set out to determine the prevalence and risk factors for preterm births and low birthweight in an ...
Vettore Mario Vianna - - 2010
To assess the relationship between housing conditions and low birthweight and preterm low birthweight among low-income women. A case-control study was conducted with post-partum women living in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Southeast Brazil, in 2003-2005. Two groups of cases, low birthweight (n=96) and preterm low birthweight infants (n=68), ...
Harville Emily W - - 2010
Objective:  To examine how the demographic and other population changes affected birth and obstetric outcomes in Louisiana, and the effect of the hurricane on racial disparities in these outcomes. Methods:  Vital statistics data were used to compare the incidence of low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g), preterm birth (PTB) (37 ...
Araujo Júnior Edward E São Paulo Federal University (UNIFESP), Department of Obstetrics, Rua Carlos Weber, 950 apto. 113 Visage, Alto da Lapa, São Paulo, CEP 05303-000, SP, Brazil +55 11 32943220 ; +55 11 32943220 ; - - 2010
Heart defects are the most frequent congenital malformations, affecting 8 in every 1000 neonates. As 90% of infants born with a congenital heart defects (CHD) have no known risk factor, screening for heart defects in every routine obstetric ultrasound is essential for antenatal diagnosis. Two-dimensional echocardiography allied with three- and ...
Wanyonyi S Z - - 2010
The increasing Caesarean section rates being observed in most facilities will ultimately result in a larger proportion of women with previous scar. Choices need to be made by both the patient and the health worker between attempted Vaginal Birth after Caesarean section (VBAC) and Elective Repeat Caesarean section (ERCS). Both ...
Funke Simone S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, University of Pécs, H-7624 Pécs, Edesanyák útja 17., Hungary. - - 2010
In this era of increased use of assisted reproduction (AR) techniques, the prevalence rates of hypospadias, cryptorchidism, poor semen quality have been increasing in parallel with a rising incidence of testicular cancer. It is suggested that these problems result from the disruption of gonadal development during fetal life causing the ...
Mbuagbaw Lawrence - - 2010
Birthweight is a key predictor of future life outcomes. When this information is not available we must rely on maternal recall of weight or size. We evaluated the use of maternal recall of size as an indicator for birthweight, using data from the 2004 Demographic and Health Survey in Cameroon. ...
Peker Erdal - - 2010
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a severe life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by rapidly spreading necrosis of the fascia and the subcutaneous tissue. The initial skin presentation ranges from minimal rash to cellulites. The lesions subsequently spread rapidly. Even with appropriate medical and surgical therapy, the mortality rate in NF is ...
Khashan Ali S - - 2010
There is conflicting evidence regarding the effect of coeliac disease (CD) in the father on birthweight and preterm birth. We investigated the association between paternal CD and birthweight and preterm birth. Medical records of all singleton live-born children in Denmark between 1 January 1979 and 31 December 2004 were linked ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2010
The dramatic reduction observed in stillbirth and infant mortality over the last few decades has not been assessed by both birthweight and gestation. We have explored temporal changes in stillbirth and infant mortality in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, by cause of death, birthweight, gestational age, birthweight standardised for gestation and ...
Zeitlin Jennifer J INSERM, UMR S953, IFR 69, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women's and Children's Health, UPMC Université Paris, Paris, France. - - 2010
To assess the impact of being small for gestational age (SGA) on very preterm mortality and morbidity rates by using different birthweight percentile thresholds and whether these effects differ by the cause of the preterm birth. The study included singletons and twins alive at onset of labor between 24 and ...
Nordtveit Tone I - - 2010
There is increasing interest in the associations between parental birthweight and gestational age with their perinatal outcomes. We investigated perinatal mortality risk in offspring in relation to maternal and paternal gestational age and birthweight. We used population-based generational data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, 1967-2006. Singletons in both ...
Feresu S A - - 2010
To assess socio-demographic and reproductive/obstetric risk factors for stillbirth, preterm births and low birth weight (LBW). To explore the probability of death at birth by antenatal care attendance, and by delivery with a Caesarean section. Using information available in obstetric records, we conducted a retrospective analysis of data, covering a ...
Zhu Peng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of maternal exposure to severe life events during different stage of gestation on preterm birth and infant birthweight. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1800 women who delivered after 32 weeks' gestation were assessed with questionnaires that measured stressful life ...
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