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Results 101 - 150 of 923
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Jennekens Ward - - 2011
In this paper we present an autonomic cardiovascular model of a preterm infant of 28 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 1000 g and a closed ductus arteriosus by the end of the first week, that is capable of describing the complex interactions between heart rate, blood pressure ...
Vincent Sarah - - 2011
This year's UNICEF Baby Friendly Conference in November will be as diverse as ever, with speakers touching on all aspects of infant feeding and care for new mothers and their babies. One speaker will be Detective Chief Superintendent John Carnochan, Head of the Scottish Violence Reduction Unit. Nearly four decades ...
Cheng Henry H - - 2011
We sought to describe contemporary outcomes and identify risk factors for hospital mortality in premature neonates with critical congenital heart disease who were referred for early intervention. Neonates who were born before 37 weeks' gestation with critical congenital heart disease and admitted to our institution from 2002 to 2008 were included ...
Cnota James F - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe congenital heart disease death rates in infants born between 34 and 40 weeks, estimate the relationship between gestational age and congenital heart disease infant death rates, and compare congenital heart disease death rates across 1- and 2-week intervals in gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: The 2000 to 2003 ...
Zuppa Athena F - - 2011
To determine the pharmacokinetics of pentobarbital in neonates, infants, and young children with congenital heart disease after open-heart surgery. Thirty-five subjects (3.0 days-4.4 years) after open-heart surgery who received pentobarbital as standard of care were enrolled. Serial pharmacokinetic blood samples were obtained. A population-based, nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach was used ...
Lee Seung Han - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the superimposed-thumb technique could reduce the chest compression area in infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: Charts and multidirectional computed tomography images of infants presented to four hospitals from January 2007 to September 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. We measured at the point of maximal anterior-posterior heart diameter ...
Rosti L - - 2011
No study described reliably the changes in cerebral ultrasound (CUS) findings in neonatal heart surgery. We tried to define the modifications of CUS before and after heart surgery in neonates. We studied 48 neonates with congenital heart defects were studied. Of these, 33 had correction of the malformation with cardiopulmonary ...
Howard David L - - 2011
The primary aim of this study was to examine whether incarceration during pregnancy is associated with infant birthweight. Our second objective was to illustrate the sensitivity of the relationship between infant birthweight and exposure to prison during pregnancy to the method used to measure and model this exposure. The data ...
Baheiraei Azam - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess whether counseling both mothers and fathers reduces their infants' exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). METHODS: Participants were 130 nonsmoking children aged less than 1 year, exposed to their fathers' or mothers' smoking, and recruited from a health center in southern Tehran. ...
Verhagen Elise A - - 2011
AIM: Our aim was to determine the influence of prenatal tobacco exposure on regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (r(c)SO(2)) and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) in preterm infants. We hypothesized that as a result of vasoconstriction caused by prenatal tobacco exposure r(c)SO(2) would be lower and FTOE would be higher ...
Behm Ilan - - 2011
Purpose This study utilises an ecological design to analyse the relation between concurrent temporal trends in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates and prevalence of smoke-free households with infants in the USA, controlling for an important risk factor, infant supine sleep position. Methods Annual state-specific SIDS cases were computed using ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2011
During prenatal development, the nervous system may be more susceptible to environmental toxicants, such as secondhand smoke. The authors assessed the effects of prenatal and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure on the neurodevelopment of 6-month infants. The subjects were 414 mother and infant pairs with no medical problems, taken from the ...
Alverson Clinton J - - 2011
Objective: We investigated associations between maternal cigarette smoking during the first trimester and the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) among the infants. Methods: The Baltimore-Washington Infant Study was the first population-based case-control study of CHDs conducted in the United States. Case and control infants were enrolled during the period ...
Lamb Diane J - - 2011
Triplets are often born premature and with a low birth weight. Because the incidence of triplet births is rare, there are relatively few studies describing triplet birth weight characteristics. Earlier studies are often characterized by small sample sizes and lack information on important background variables such as zygosity. The objective ...
Tipene-Leach David - - 2010
Maori have high SIDS rates and relevant information is needed to craft appropriate prevention strategies. The aim of the study was to determine what Maori mothers know about SIDS prevention, and to determine their SIDS-related child care practices. Maori mothers who gave birth in the Counties Manukau District Health Board ...
Alkan-Bozkaya Tijen - - 2010
Low birthweight (LBW) continues to be a high-risk factor in surgery for congenital heart disease. This risk is particularly very high in very low birthweight infants under 1500g and extremely LBW infants under 1000g. From January 2005 to December 2008, 33 consecutive LBW neonates underwent cardiac surgery in our clinic ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
Adverse birth outcomes remain significant contributors to perinatal mortality as well as developmental disabilities worldwide but limited evidence exists in sub-Saharan Africa based on a conceptual framework incorporating neighborhood context. This study therefore set out to determine the prevalence and risk factors for preterm births and low birthweight in an ...
Vettore Mario Vianna - - 2010
To assess the relationship between housing conditions and low birthweight and preterm low birthweight among low-income women. A case-control study was conducted with post-partum women living in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Southeast Brazil, in 2003-2005. Two groups of cases, low birthweight (n=96) and preterm low birthweight infants (n=68), ...
Harville Emily W - - 2010
Objective:  To examine how the demographic and other population changes affected birth and obstetric outcomes in Louisiana, and the effect of the hurricane on racial disparities in these outcomes. Methods:  Vital statistics data were used to compare the incidence of low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g), preterm birth (PTB) (37 ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2010
Importance of the field: Heart defects are the most frequent congenital malformations, affecting 8 in every 1000 neonates. As 90% of infants born with a congenital heart defects (CHD) have no known risk factor, screening for heart defects in every routine obstetric ultrasound is essential for antenatal diagnosis. Areas covered ...
Wanyonyi S Z - - 2010
The increasing Caesarean section rates being observed in most facilities will ultimately result in a larger proportion of women with previous scar. Choices need to be made by both the patient and the health worker between attempted Vaginal Birth after Caesarean section (VBAC) and Elective Repeat Caesarean section (ERCS). Both ...
Funke Simone - - 2010
In this era of increased use of assisted reproduction (AR) techniques, the prevalence rates of hypospadias, cryptorchidism, poor semen quality have been increasing in parallel with a rising incidence of testicular cancer. It is suggested that these problems result from the disruption of gonadal development during fetal life causing the ...
Mbuagbaw Lawrence - - 2010
Birthweight is a key predictor of future life outcomes. When this information is not available we must rely on maternal recall of weight or size. We evaluated the use of maternal recall of size as an indicator for birthweight, using data from the 2004 Demographic and Health Survey in Cameroon. ...
Peker Erdal - - 2010
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a severe life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by rapidly spreading necrosis of the fascia and the subcutaneous tissue. The initial skin presentation ranges from minimal rash to cellulites. The lesions subsequently spread rapidly. Even with appropriate medical and surgical therapy, the mortality rate in NF is ...
Khashan Ali S - - 2010
There is conflicting evidence regarding the effect of coeliac disease (CD) in the father on birthweight and preterm birth. We investigated the association between paternal CD and birthweight and preterm birth. Medical records of all singleton live-born children in Denmark between 1 January 1979 and 31 December 2004 were linked ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2010
The dramatic reduction observed in stillbirth and infant mortality over the last few decades has not been assessed by both birthweight and gestation. We have explored temporal changes in stillbirth and infant mortality in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, by cause of death, birthweight, gestational age, birthweight standardised for gestation and ...
Zeitlin Jennifer J INSERM, UMR S953, IFR 69, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal Health and Women's and Children's Health, UPMC Université Paris, Paris, France. - - 2010
To assess the impact of being small for gestational age (SGA) on very preterm mortality and morbidity rates by using different birthweight percentile thresholds and whether these effects differ by the cause of the preterm birth. The study included singletons and twins alive at onset of labor between 24 and ...
Nordtveit Tone I - - 2010
There is increasing interest in the associations between parental birthweight and gestational age with their perinatal outcomes. We investigated perinatal mortality risk in offspring in relation to maternal and paternal gestational age and birthweight. We used population-based generational data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, 1967-2006. Singletons in both ...
Feresu S A - - 2010
To assess socio-demographic and reproductive/obstetric risk factors for stillbirth, preterm births and low birth weight (LBW). To explore the probability of death at birth by antenatal care attendance, and by delivery with a Caesarean section. Using information available in obstetric records, we conducted a retrospective analysis of data, covering a ...
Zhu Peng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of maternal exposure to severe life events during different stage of gestation on preterm birth and infant birthweight. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1800 women who delivered after 32 weeks' gestation were assessed with questionnaires that measured stressful life ...
Edwards Nicole M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate whether any observed trends in birthweight are accompanied by changes in maternal sociodemographic characteristics, including age, marital status, and education. We conducted a population-based study of term singletons born in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, between 1992 and 2005 (N = 66,638). Large-sample ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2010
A systematic review of the risks of a low birthweight (LBW), preterm, and small-for-gestational-age births in relation to paternal factors was performed. Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and bibliographies of identified articles were searched for English-language studies. Study qualities were assessed according to a predefined ...
Zilko C E Margerison - - 2010
BACKGROUND Previous research has demonstrated an association between economic contraction at both the individual and aggregate level, and adverse health outcomes. Proposed mechanisms include increased psychosocial stress and loss of resources. The aim of this review is to assess the quantity, validity and consistency of empirical evidence examining economic contraction ...
Hoy Wendy E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe associations between birthweight and infant, child and early adult mortality from natural causes in a remote Australian Aboriginal community against a background of rapidly changing mortality due to better health services. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Cohort study of 995 people with recorded birthweights who were born between ...
Merritt T Allen - - 2010
The detrimental effect of tobacco exposure prior to conception and during pregnancy has been receiving much worldwide attention. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with early-onset wheezing, increased respiratory illnesses, and a 2-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Adverse effects on the infant include altered infant behaviors ...
Kayemba-Kay's Simon - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on foetal growth in preterm infants with gestational age (GA) <33 weeks. Prospective observational cross-sectional study from two French perinatal networks cohort of preterm infants. Cases were 358 very preterm infants (GA 24-32 weeks) divided into two groups as maternal smokers ...
Cantonwine David - - 2010
Neonatal growth is a complex process involving genetic and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in the hemochromatosis (HFE) iron regulatory genes have been shown to modify transport and toxicity of lead which is known to affect birth weight. We investigated the role of HFE C282Y, HFE H63 D, and transferrin (TF) P570 ...
Taheri Parvin - - 2010
Prematurity is the main cause of death in infants under one year of age and is the main reason for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization. The stressful environment of NICU exposes preterm infants to inappropriate stimuli. This study aimed to determine and compare the mean heart rate and oxygen ...
Charnigo Richard - - 2010
Greater epidemiologic understanding of the relationships among fetal-infant mortality and its prognostic factors, including birthweight, could have vast public health implications. A key step toward that understanding is a realistic and tractable framework for analyzing birthweight distributions and fetal-infant mortality. The present paper is the second of a two-part series ...
Ortega Guadalupe - - 2010
There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of ...
Khashan A S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes have been associated with maternal celiac disease (CD). In this study, we investigate the effect of treated and untreated maternal CD on infant birthweight and preterm birth. METHODS: A population-based cohort study consisted of all singleton live births in Denmark between 1 January 1979 and 31 ...
Osypuk Theresa L - - 2010
Examining whether contextual factors influence the birth outcomes of Mexican-origin infants in the US may contribute to assessing rival explanations for the so-called Mexican health paradox. We examined whether birthweight among infants born to Mexican-origin women in the US was associated with Mexican residential enclaves and exposure to neighborhood poverty, ...
Visser Gerard H A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To construct new Dutch reference curves for birthweight by parity, sex and ethnic background. DESIGN: Retrospective nationwide study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Reference curves for birthweight were constructed using the LMS model and were based on 176,000 singleton births in the Netherlands in the year 2001 (approximately 95% of all ...
Ullah Anayet - - 2009
It has been suggested that a birthweight limit of 2.5 kg should not be regarded as valid for all populations as the cut-off point of low-weight births because of demographic, genetic and environmental differences. Countries often choose alternative cut-off values for low birthweight for clinical purposes. Bangladesh also needs to ...
Surman Geraldine G National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK. - - 2009
Increasingly, more very-low-birthweight infants in the developed world are now expected to survive the neonatal period than was previously the case. There are concerns that there may be a related increase in the number of infants developing severe sensorimotor impairments. Pooled data from five registers contributing to the UK Network ...
McGuire W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The validity and applicability of before-after studies compared to randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of fluconazole prophylaxis for very low birthweight (VLBW) infants is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine whether the study design (before-after studies compared to RCTs) affected the estimate of effect size yielded in meta-analyses and ...
Vrijkotte Tanja G M - - 2009
We investigated the relationship between women's first-trimester working conditions and infant birthweight. Pregnant women (N = 8266) participating in the Amsterdam Born Children and Their Development study completed a questionnaire gathering information on employment and working conditions. After exclusions, 7135 women remained in our analyses. Low birthweight and delivery of ...
Violaris Kimon - - 2010
We compared the efficacy and safety of fluconazole and nystatin oral suspensions for the prevention of systemic fungal infection (SFI) in very low birthweight infants. A prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted over a 15-month period, from May 1997 through September 1998, in 80 preterm infants with birthweights <1500 g. ...
Dolgun Gülümser - - 2009
This study was conducted to examine the effect of a number of variables related to the mother (age, educational level, employment status, cigarette smoking during pregnancy) and to the baby (sex and birth order) on newborns' birthweight. The research was carried out in the province of Istanbul, one of Turkey's ...
Al-Qattan Mohammed M - - 2009
Several reputed obstetric brachial plexus clinics use their own protocols and indications for surgery. This study is to present and explain the obstetric brachial plexus data sheet used at our institution. The data sheet is composed of 5 main parts: (1) the basic database which includes the name, age, type ...
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