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Saito Shigeru - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess adverse fetal outcomes and short-term prognoses of infants exposed to oseltamivir or zanamivir in utero during pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: Case series study. We asked the 2611 obstetrical facilities in Japan that are members of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology to participate, ...
Yamada Takahiro - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of transcervical balloon catheter (TCBC) for induction of labor (IOL) is a risk factor for cerebral palsy (CP) associated with umbilical cord prolapse (UCP-CP) in singleton pregnancies with cephalic presentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among all 102 infants with ...
Xie Ri-Hua - - 2013
Background: Sequential use of vacuum and obstetric forceps for vaginal delivery is associated with increased risks of adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to estimate the frequency of sequential use of vacuum and forceps for planned vaginal delivery and to identify predictors, using data ...
Räisänen Sari - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for true umbilical cord knot and to evaluate its association with fetal death, premature birth, low birth weight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, low Apgar score at 1 and 5minutes, fetal venous pH of 7.15 or lower, and need for neonatal intensive care in singleton pregnancies. METHODS: ...
Tempest N N Liverpool Women's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, - - 2013
To compare the outcomes of operative cephalic births by Kielland forceps (KF), rotational ventouse (RV), or primary emergency caesarean section (pEMCS) for malposition in the second stage of labour in modern practise. Retrospective observational study. Data were included from 1291 consecutive full-term, singleton cephalic births between 2 November 2006 and ...
Janoo Jabin - - 2013
Gastrochisis is a congenital condition resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Multiple studies have been done to evaluate the value of prognostic indicators with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ultrasound in this condition at a single institution while limiting the provider variables ...
Baroutis Georgios G Neonatal Department, Alexandra Hospital, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2013
To identify preterm birth trends in Greece. Retrospective epidemiological study. Women giving birth in Greece from 1980 to 2008. Live births beyond the 24th gestational week. Data acquisition from the Hellenic Vital Statistics records. Statistical analysis of preterm birth rate among neonates estimated for each year. Total number of births ...
Yego Faith - - 2013
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence of maternal and early neonatal mortality in women who gave birth at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Kenya (MTRH) and describe clinical and other characteristics and circumstances associated with maternal and neonatal deaths following deliveries at MTRH. METHODS: A retrospective audit of maternal ...
McLelland Gayle E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: While infrequent, unplanned births before arrival (BBAs) are clinically significant events at which, conceivably, paramedics will be the first health professionals in attendance. This review aims to demonstrate that paramedics not only attend and transfer birthing women, but also use critical clinical and decision-making skills. It further proposes strategies ...
Hyland Rachael M RM Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and infantile hemangiomas are vascular disorders that may share common mechanisms. This study examined a potential clinical association between these disorders in populations of preterm infants at two hospitals in the USA and Hungary. Clinically collected data from infants with gestational ages less than 32 weeks ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A brief delay in clamping the umbilical cord after birth offers health benefits to the newborn, with no adverse effects to the mother or her infant. Yet, in most obstetric practice, the cord is clamped soon after birth. A summary of the current evidence on delayed cord ...
Gómez-Durán Esperanza L - - 2013
To identify relevant factors involved in obstetrics and gynecology (OG) professional liability claims to help archive better management of risks. Analysis of 885 OG claims opened between 1986 and 2010, with the identification of the most common events leading to a claim, the economical and juridical characteristics of the claims, ...
Keski-Nisula Leea - - 2013
AIM: To estimate transmission of maternal vaginal microbiota to neonates during term delivery, focusing on Lactobacillus flora in relation to various obstetric clinical factors. METHODS: 50 consecutive pregnant healthy women with singleton term pregnancies and their newborn infants. Vertical transmission of Lactobacillus flora to newborn during delivery was evaluated in ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2013
Biomarkers associated with spontaneous preterm birth and preeclampsia have been discovered in patients who experience these adverse obstetrical outcomes. The identification of such biomarkers holds promise in both facilitating the early identification of those patients at greatest risk and enhancing our understanding of these disease processes to determine therapeutic interventions. ...
Bramham Kate K Division of Women's Health, Women's Health Academic Centre, Kings College London and Kings Health Partners, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Women have traditionally been advised not to breastfeed while taking tacrolimus, based on theoretical risks of neonatal immunosuppression and assumed secretion into breast milk, rather than clinical data suggesting neonatal absorption. The aim of this study was to assess tacrolimus levels in breast milk and neonatal exposure during breastfeeding. An ...
Mernelius Sara - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants are often colonized with Staphylococcus aureus originating from health care workers (HCWs). We therefore use colonization with S aureus of newborn infants to determine the effect of an improved compliance with hygiene guidelines on bacterial transmission. METHODS: Compliance with hygiene guidelines was monitored prior to (baseline) and ...
Bai Dorothy Li - - 2013
Introduction: Few women who reside in Hong Kong exclusively breastfeed, and one-half stop breastfeeding within the first few months. There is little research in this population on the association between intrapartum interventions and breastfeeding duration. Methods: A sample of 1280 mother-infant pairs were recruited from the obstetric units of 4 ...
Okusanya Bo - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To assess the maternal mortality ratio from data collected as maternal deaths occurred over a four-year period. Methods: A Departmental data-base established in 2008 was used to keep data on deliveries and maternal deaths as they occurred. The causes of death were decided after a meeting reviewed the ...
Van Nguyen Julie My - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death among infants aged 1 to 12 months. In this article, we review risk factors that may predispose infants to increased vulnerability. Maternal characteristics, including nonmodifiable and modifiable factors, antenatal medical conditions, labor and delivery events, and infant characteristics, are ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2013
: To determine the relationship between mode of delivery and serious adverse neonatal outcomes in term, singleton, cephalic neonates. : A 10-year study of 64,555 term neonates reaching the second stage of labor in a single tertiary obstetric unit from 2000 to 2009. Multiple pregnancies, preterm deliveries (before 37 weeks ...
Rammohan Anu - - 2013
Neonatal mortality currently accounts for 41% of all global deaths among children below five years. Despite recording a 33% decline in neonatal deaths between 2000 and 2009, about 900,000 neonates died in India in 2009. The decline in neonatal mortality is slower than in the post-neonatal period, and neonatal mortality ...
Ps Roopa - - 2013
Objectives. (1) To determine the frequency of maternal near miss, maternal near miss incidence ratio (MNMR), maternal near miss to mortality ratio and mortality index. (2) To compare the nature of near miss events with that of maternal mortality. (3) To see the trend of near miss events. Design. Audit. ...
Filoche Sara - - 2013
Significant health inequities exist around maternal and infant health for Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand. The infants of Māori are more likely to die in their first year of life and also have higher rates of hospital admission for respiratory illnesses, with the greatest burden of morbidity being ...
Nagulesapillai Tharsiya - - 2013
To compare breastfeeding difficulties attributable to the baby and mother/milk and exclusive breastfeeding between a group of late preterm (LP) infants and term infants. We utilized data from a prospective community-based cohort (n=2977) in Calgary, Alberta, and performed bivariate and multivariable analyses to identify demographic, obstetric, maternal and infant health ...
Vidal Fabien - - 2013
To evaluate immediate perineal and neonatal morbidity associated with instrumental rotations performed with Thierry's spatulas for the management of persistent posterior occiput (OP) positions. Retrospective study including all persistent occiput posterior positions with vaginal OP delivery, from August 2006 to September 2007. Occiput anterior deliveries following successful instrumental rotation were ...
Dinyain Amatare A Department of Anatomic Pathology, Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State, - - 2013
Maternal mortality is a major health problem, especially in Nigeria, where accurate autopsy-based data on the prevalent causes are not readily available. The aim of this study was therefore to accurately determine the causes of maternal death as seen in a tertiary health facility in Nigeria. This was a descriptive, ...
Guerrier Gilles G Epicentre, Paris, - - 2013
Despite considerable efforts to reduce the maternal mortality ratio, numerous pregnant women continue to die in many developing countries, including Nigeria. We conducted a study to determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality over an 8-month period in a rural-based secondary health facility located in Jahun, northern Nigeria. A ...
Jin Zhen - - 2012
We reviewed the outcome for 211 patients undergoing a planned 'en caul' (within intact membranes) cesarean section and for 836 control patients with conventional lower segment section, in the period 2001-2010 at a university affiliated hospital in China, where the former technique has been practiced. Of the intended 'en caul' ...
Schifrin Barry S - - 2012
Malpractice fears are believed to influence various aspects of obstetrical practice. They seem to have contributed in small part to the rising primary caesarean section rate, but have also played a considerable role in the downtrend in vaginal birth after caesarean statistics. The rising vaginal birth after caesarean section rate ...
Dean C - - 2012
Magnesium is one of the most abundant cations in the human body. It is utilised extensively within the medical world and its role in the treatment of various conditions in both mother and fetus is increasing. This review focuses on the importance of magnesium for the obstetric anaesthetist and looks ...
Robinson Monique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advances in obstetric care have been accompanied by increasing rates of intervention which often involve elective delivery at 37 weeks, soon after term gestation has been achieved. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the behavioural sequelae for children born at this early term gestational age compared with ...
Tayler-Smith K - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the reduction in maternal mortality associated with the emergency obstetric care provided by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and to compare this to the fifth Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal mortality. METHODS: The impact of MSF's intervention was approximated by estimating how many deaths were averted among ...
Wells Jonathan C K - - 2012
The difficult birth process of humans, often described as the "obstetric dilemma," is commonly assumed to reflect antagonistic selective pressures favoring neonatal encephalization and maternal bipedal locomotion. However, cephalo-pelvic disproportion is not exclusive to humans, and is present in some primate species of smaller body size. The fossil record indicates ...
Timm Nathan L - - 2012
A 4-day-old breastfed infant presented with opioid intoxication resulting from the maternal use of oxycodone after cesarean delivery. The infant was hypothermic, lethargic, and had pinpoint pupils. A dose of naloxone reversed the symptoms. This report highlights the importance of recognizing the potential effects of maternal oxycodone on the breastfed ...
Ferrazzi Enrico - - 2012
There exists a huge gap between protocols issued by scientific bodies and evidence derived by system biology studies on the multifactorial origin of threatened preterm delivery and their different associations with neonatal outcome. The objective of this prospective study was the analysis obstetrical and neonatal outcome in a cohort of ...
Burke Naomi - - 2012
: We sought to evaluate the use and safety of Kielland's rotational forceps for delivery in current obstetric practice at a tertiary care obstetric unit. : Data were obtained pertaining to all such attempted deliveries from 1997 through 2011. The outcomes analyzed included maternal obstetric features, induction and duration of ...
Martinelli P - - 2012
Chorioamnionitis is the inflammatory response to an acute inflammation of the membranes and chorion of the placenta. We provide a critical review of the relationship between chorioamnionitis and the risk of prematurity and adverse maternal-fetal outcome. Chorioamnionitis results as a major risk factor for preterm birth and its incidence is ...
Lysyy Oleg - - 2012
A 6-month-old baby with enlarged head circumference was found on ultrasound to have a choroid plexus papilloma with striking sonographic appearance. This entity has received relatively little attention in the literature and may be encountered on ultrasound as the first imaging study.
Ntuli Sam Thembelihle - - 2012
To determine the stillbirth rate and identify the causal factors associated with it in a tertiary hospital. A retrospective review of records of women who had stillbirths at a tertiary hospital of the Limpopo Province was conducted. The study period was two years from January 1, 2009 to December 31, ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2012
Two-week-old full-term newborns (26 born to depressed mothers and 26 born to non-depressed mothers) were videotaped for three 2-min intervals during: (1) a baseline silent period, (2) the playing of a musical lullaby and, (3) the lullaby with vocals added. More maternal depression symptoms were associated with more obstetric complications ...
Dunsworth Holly M - - 2012
The classic anthropological hypothesis known as the "obstetrical dilemma" is a well-known explanation for human altriciality, a condition that has significant implications for human social and behavioral evolution. The hypothesis holds that antagonistic selection for a large neonatal brain and a narrow, bipedal-adapted birth canal poses a problem for childbirth; ...
Khan Bushra - - 2012
Maternal mortality ratio of a country is indicative of its health and development status. Information on maternal mortality is required to determine this status and to set priorities for policy making and programmatic and operation research strategies. This study was conducted to determine the causes of maternal mortality in a ...
Roberts Jane E JE FPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA. - - 2012
Aberrant attention is a core feature of fragile X syndrome (FXS), however, little is known regarding the developmental trajectory and underlying physiological processes of attention deficits in FXS. Atypical visual attention is an early emerging and robust indictor of autism in idiopathic (non-FXS) autism. Using a biobehavioral approach with gaze ...
Krüger Carsten C Haydom Lutheran Hospital, P.O. Mbulu, Haydom via Mbulu, - - 2012
The care of pregnant women and neonates in peripheral hospitals in many developing countries is in a critical state. Through a retrospective analysis we assessed the effects of the introduction of standardised protocols in obstetric and neonatal care (implementation from 1998 onwards) on perinatal and neonatal outcomes of all deliveries ...
Roberts T E - - 2012
To undertake a cost-effectiveness analysis that compares pulse oximetry as an adjunct to clinical examination with clinical examination alone in newborn screening for congenital heart defects (CHDs). Model-based economic evaluation using accuracy and cost data from a primary study supplemented from published sources taking an NHS perspective. Six large maternity ...
Sparić Radmila - - 2012
Caesarean hysterectomy evolved as a life-saving procedure following caesarean delivery. The concept underlying caesarean hysterectomy dates back to the mid 1700s and with a description of the procedure performed on laboratory animals. Eduardo Porro of Milan performed the first planned caesarean hysterectomy in which both the infant and the mother ...
Najafian Mahin - - 2012
Background. Macrosomia is defined as an infant's birth weight of more than 4000 g at term which is to different maternal and neonatal complications. Several studies have been done on factors influencing risk of macrosomia, but there is lack of information and study in our country regarding macrosomia complications. Objective. The ...
Tashakori Ashraf - - 2012
There is a relationship between infant feeding method and maternal postpartum depression (PPD). This study was carried out in an Iranian population to compare the prevalence of PPD symptoms between breast feeding and non-breast feeding mothers for first time. Four health centers in Ahvas were selected by random sampling in ...
Thies-Lagergren Li - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare maternal labour and birth outcomes between women who gave birth on a birth seat or in any other position for vaginal birth and further, to study the relationship between synthetic oxytocin augmentation and maternal blood loss, in a stratified sample. A re-analysis ...
Mmbaga Blandina T - - 2012
Perinatal mortality reflects maternal health as well as antenatal, intrapartum and newborn care, and is an important health indicator. This study aimed at classifying causes of perinatal death in order to identify categories of potentially preventable deaths. We studied a total of 1958 stillbirths and early neonatal deaths above 500 ...
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