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Herting E - - 1992
In an international multicenter trial infants with clinical and radiological signs of severe RDS (age 2-15 h, birthweight 700-2,000 g, mechanical ventilation, FiO2 greater than or equal to 0.6, no complicating disease) were randomized to receive either a single dose (n = 176) or up to three subsequent doses (n ...
Blackman J A - - 1991
A significant portion of the health care dollar has been spent on neonatal intensive care since the early 1970s when technologic developments permitted salvage of very small premature infants. The wisdom of allocating so much for so few has been challenged, especially if the result is an increase in the ...
Järvenpää A L - - 1991
During the years 1978-89, all surviving extremely low birthweight infants (BW less than 1000 g, ELBWI) in the region of Southern Finland were admitted to the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and followed up to six years. The number of liveborn ELBWI increased from 30 to 50/year during the first ...
Shami S A - - 1991
The effects of consanguinity on gestational period and anthropometric measurements at birth were assessed in a group of 662 babies delivered in Lahore, Pakistan. Regression analysis revealed consanguinity-related declines in birthweight, recumbent length, head circumference and chest girth and in gestational period. Considered in combination with a recent report from ...
Epstein Y - - 1991
During the Persian Gulf war chemical warfare (CW) protective devices were distributed to the entire population of Israel. Neonates were to be placed in a protective infant carrier (PIC) or an improved PIC ("active PIC") to which filtered air was actively introduced by a blower. The specific needs of low ...
Sato K - - 1991
Erythrocyte sodium and potassium were studied in 64 newborn infants including 21 very low birthweight infants (birthweight less than 1500 g) during the first three days after birth. Erythrocyte sodium showed a positive correlation with gestational age (r = 0.63, p less than 0.01) and birthweight (r = 0.66, p ...
de Sanjose S - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the effect of maternal age, gravidity, marital status, previous perinatal deaths, and parental social class on babies born low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age. DESIGN: The study used data on discharge summaries from all maternity hospitals in Scotland. SETTING: The study ...
Piper J M - - 1991
Infants born in Tennessee between 1984 and 1988 experienced reduced mortality compared with those born in the 5 years previous. For all birthweight singleton infants, the reduction from 10.2 to 8.4 deaths per 1000 live births represents an 18% decline in mortality. The most impressive gain made was for very ...
Ornstein M - - 1991
Neonatal follow-up studies of school age children, published in the last decade, were critically reviewed. Nine studies examined extremely low birthweight infants (less than or equal to 1000 g) and 16 involved very low birthweight infants (less than or equal to 1500 g). The majority of children had age appropriate ...
Buekens P - - 1991
The relationship between low social class and low birthweight or preterm deliveries is well established in singletons but not in twins. We present a study using all twin deliveries registered in Belgium in 1983 and in Aberdeen between 1951 and 1983. No significant relationship was found between social class and ...
Gadow E C - - 1991
Fetal death is essential to evaluate perinatal outcome. Accurate stillbirth rate however is difficult to obtain; this is especially so in developing countries. Current information was obtained through a clinical-epidemiological study, ECLAMC, during the 1982-1986 period for a total sample of 869 750 births in 102 hospitals belonging to 11 ...
Eregie C O - - 1991
A simplified method of six features for gestational age assessment was modified to include scored measurements for head circumference and mid-arm circumference, in order to improve reliability. The modified model had better correlation with gestational age than the simplified method, comparable accuracy to the Dubowitz system and was also more ...
Naylor M D - - 1991
This University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing study on the early discharge of very low birthweight infants led to a care model that saves over $18,000 per infant. The benefits to the institution as a whole, however, have been far greater. They include enhanced faculty and student recruitment as well ...
Gray R H - - 1991
An institution-based surveillance and nested case-control study was conducted in Natal, Northeastern Brazil to estimate the level and determinants of early neonatal mortality. The early neonatal mortality rate was 25.5 per 1000 live-birth, 75% of early neonatal deaths were premature low birthweight infants, and the mortality rates were 591 and ...
Baley J E - - 1991
The current challenge of neonatal candidiasis arises from the increased survival of very low birthweight infants. It is important to understand those factors affecting normal colonization of the neonate, concomitant with those factors that predispose to fungal invasiveness. Disseminated candidiasis may present with subtle signs and symptoms, but has the ...
Alberman E - - 1991
I have tried to show, using a contemporary international data set, the overall consistency in shape of curves of national birthweight distributions which reflect the biological and social characteristics of the population from which they are derived, and the effects of changes in these characteristics. For several countries, including the ...
Primhak R A - - 1991
We studied 738 live singleton births in Papua New Guinea to examine the contribution of ethnic origin and environmental factors to birth weight and gestation. Maternal history, examination and post-partum anthropometry, infant anthropometry and clinical gestational assessment were performed, and placental blood slides and histology were examined. Mothers from Highlands ...
van Zeben-van der Aa D M - - 1991
In a nationwide survey on liveborn very preterm and/or very low birthweight infants in The Netherlands, mortality and handicaps at the corrected age of 2 years were studied in infants born to mothers with or without hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. The neonatal and in-hospital mortality was significantly lower in infants ...
Boo N Y - - 1991
A 2-year study was carried out in the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur to determine the neonatal mortality rates. This Hospital functions both as the local service centre as well as the national referral centre in Malaysia. Its neonatal services, however, were equipped and manned at those below Level III perinatal ...
Doornbos J P - - 1991
Using a computer-stored database, birthweights and related variables over 25,000 infants born in Amsterdam (The Netherlands) were analysed retrospectively. Only after allowing for maternal height, did the difference between mean birthweights of Dutch and Asian infants disappear, whereas Negroid and Mediterranean infants continued to show respectively lower and higher means ...
Rogo K - - 1991
Nine hundred ninety-nine newborns were examined in order to determine the relationship between birthweight and mid-arm and chest circumstances. An early neonatal mortality rate of 51/1000 was recorded, being much higher for preterm (301/1000) than term babies (2.5/1000). Both mid-arm and chest circumference showed highly significant correlations with birthweight (r ...
Eregie C O - - 1991
An abbreviated and simplified method of assessment of gestational age was developed for an African population. A total of 508 infants who were appropriate for gestational age from three hospitals in Benin City, Nigeria, were examined with the Dubowitz scoring system to determine its reliability for an African population. Then ...
Mutale T - - 1991
Social stress was assessed in 92 women with low-birthweight babies and 92 controls using the detailed LEDS measure of life events and severe chronic difficulties. The low-birthweight group was divided into preterm delivery (n = 40), small for gestational age (SGA) (n = 40) and mixed groups. Multivariate analysis was ...
Secher N J - - 1991
In 58 small for gestational age (SGA) infants and 141 non-SGA infants, the measuring of symphysis fundal distance (SF) was compared with clinical estimation of fetal weight in order to evaluate the efficacy of the two methods of predicting SGA. By regression analyses, the SF curve deviation explains 22% of ...
Young C L - - 1991
This article describes the development of a county-wide multi-institutional follow-up system for a high risk population of children and their families and proposes guidelines for health service system building. The target population for this program known as the Alliance for Infants and based in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, was the very ...
Abell T D - - 1991
A prospective cohort study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship of family functioning to infant birthweight adjusted for length of gestation. The mother's perception of family functioning was assessed at the initial prenatal visit using the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES II). All obstetric patients at four family ...
Brown H L - - 1991
We compared pregnancy outcome in 286 teenaged primigravidas (less than or equal to 16 years old) and 267 adult primigravidas (21 to 25 years old) who had similar prenatal care, socioeconomic status, and racial balance. The incidence of preterm labor and delivery of a low birthweight infant was significantly higher ...
Brooten D - - 1991
Various studies have been conducted which explore the different functions of the clinical nurse specialist (CNS). This study details the functions of CNSs providing direct patient care before and following hospital discharge of very low birthweight infants and effect on patient outcome. The study reports on CNS interactions with 36 ...
Lilja M - - 1991
In this paper, registry data on infants born in Sweden between 1983 and 1986 are reviewed to describe the epidemiological characteristics of infants with single umbilical artery (SUA). During this period 372,066 births were registered with information on the number of umbilical vessels. Our data set contains 1782 SUA infants. ...
al-Eissa Y A - - 1991
In a multicentre prospective study, we have determined the incidence of low birthweight (LBW) and the main predisposing risk factors. Among 4651 consecutive births over a 5-month period in five hospitals in Riyadh, the overall incidence of LBW was 8.4%. When stillbirths were excluded the incidence of LBW was 7.4% ...
Adam K A - - 1991
There are few reports about invasive candidiasis in infants in the tropics in general and in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in particular. Two Saudi infants with invasive candidiasis are reported and their clinical features and response to treatment are compared with that found in the paediatric literature, mainly from ...
Wright E A - - 1990
A prospective study was conducted over a three-month period; 1st February 1983 to 30th April 1983, to determine the incidence of low birthweight infants and the various factors related to low birthweight, in infants born at the Jos University Teaching Hospital. During the period studied, there were 1,597 deliveries out ...
Schmidt R E - - 1990
All 123 infants with birthweights less than or equal to 2000 g born at a private institution between February 1, 1987, and January 31, 1988, were eligible for early discharge if they met the following criteria: weight about 1800 g, medically stable, feeding well by nipple, satisfactory weight gain, thermostability, ...
King P A - - 1990
The obstetric performance of 308 Vietnamese refugees is compared with that of 308 age-matched Hong Kong Chinese patients. Vietnamese women were of higher parity and had an increased incidence of late booking and unreliable dates. Significant differences were found in the incidence of previous termination of pregnancy, iron-deficiency anemia, parasitic ...
Donovan S M - - 1990
Previous studies have demonstrated increased retention (40%) of dietary urea nitrogen by term infants recovering from infection compared to healthy infants (13%), possibly due to a higher requirement for nitrogen. Since low birthweight infants also have a high requirement for nitrogen, the bioavailability of urea nitrogen was investigated in low ...
Crockett D J - - 1990
The birthweights of an ethnically homogeneous sample of infants with phenylketonuria, their unaffected siblings, and control infants were compared after adjusting for the effects of: mother's age, mother's date of birth, mother's height and obstetric history, the length of gestation, the infant's sex, the place and date of birth. There ...
- - 1990
International comparison of perinatal mortality rates is subject to various problems in methods of reporting. The main difficulties are differences in the definition of livebirth and the variation in policies on the elective delivery of very preterm fetuses at risk of intrauterine death. This study, based on geographically defined populations ...
Gennaro S - - 1990
To provide more comprehensive follow-up care for low birthweight infants, it is important for nurses to know what concerns mothers of these low birthweight infants commonly experience and how concerns change over time. This descriptive, longitudinal study followed 65 mothers of low birthweight infants from birth until the infant was ...
Meyer R E - - 1990
This study examines some of the primary factors responsible for the decline in South Carolina's neonatal mortality rate during the 1980s. Essentially all of the observed decline between 1980-82 and 1984-86 could be attributed to improved birthweight-specific survival rather than improvements in the infant birthweight distribution. Improved survival of 500-1,499 ...
Stjernqvist K - - 1990
In a population of extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants with birthweights from 500 to 900g, born at 24 to 30 weeks gestation, neurobehavioural development at term was evaluated with the Brazelton Neonatal Behaviour Assessment Scale (BNBAS) and a standardized neurological examination. Compared with a control group of fullterm infants, no significant ...
Mulley R C - - 1990
Observations on the reproductive performance of fallow deer on 47 farms in New South Wales were made over 6 consecutive years. The minimum fawning rate for does varied significantly (p less than 0.001) between years, the corresponding fawning percentages varying from 75.0% to 96.4%, with an overall mean of 88.8%. ...
Tarnow-Mordi W - - 1990
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (a) which clinical variables and physiological measures of disease severity best predict death in very low birthweight infants and (b) their use in comparing mortality between two neonatal units. DESIGN: Retrospective study of two cohorts of very low birthweight infants from overlapping time periods who received mechanical ...
Joyce T - - 1990
This paper uses monthly time-series data from 1968 through 1988 to test whether the observed increase in the incidence of low birthweight in New York City represents a reversal of the downward trend that existed prior to 1984. We find that the trend has shifted for both Whites and Blacks. ...
Koole F D - - 1990
In the period 1980-1987 ocular examinations were performed on 185 infants with a very low birthweight (less than 1500 g) at the age of nine months corrected for the duration of pregnancy. The mean gestational age of the infants was 30 weeks, while the mean birthweight was 1160 g. The ...
Munjanja S P - - 1990
Birthweight for gestation standards were derived in a study of 5,872 women with ascertainable menstrual dates in Harare, Zimbabwe. The smoothed 5th, 50th and 95th centiles of birthweight for gestation were described for 24 to 42 weeks and these fitted linear quadratic functions. Male infants were significantly heavier than females ...
Opaneye A A - - 1990
During the period between Rajab 1405 and Jamad Thani 1407 (March 1985-January 1987) a total of 5280 babies were delivered at King Khalid Hospital, Al-Kharj, Saudi-Arabia. Out of these children, 345 i.e. 6.53% weighed less than 2500g. Seventy-three, i.e. 21% of the low birthweight (LBW) babies were born during the ...
Li D K - - 1990
We analyzed the Washington State births in 1980-1986 to Southeast Asian parents whose birth place was coded as being outside of the US. The mean birthweight increased from 3188 grams in 1980-81 to 3283 grams in 1986, an annual increment of about 18 grams (95% CI = 11, 25 grams). ...
Kilbride H W - - 1990
We reviewed the perinatal management and subsequent outcome of infants 401 to 800 gm birthweight delivered in 1983 to 1985 compared with those born in 1980 to 1982. Intrapartum fetal heart rate monitoring, cesarean section delivery, attempted delivery room resuscitation, and 5-minute Apgar scores greater than 5 were more frequent ...
Borman B - - 1990
This paper describes the patterns of risk factors for low birthweight in a cohort of New Zealand births. The trend of low birthweight with maternal age and parity was U-shaped. Maori mothers had the highest (79.38/1000 livebirths) and Pacific Island mothers the lowest (39.88/1000), rates of low birthweight infants. There ...
Smyth V - - 1990
A population of very low birthweight infants consisting of 41 infants (24 female) less than 1000 g birthweight and 108 infants (63 female) 1000-1499 g birthweight received auditory brainstem response audiometry (ABR) before initial discharge from hospital and were subsequently monitored via behavioural audiometry and tympanometry as part of their ...
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