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Darlow B A - - 1992
A prospective population-based study of chronic lung disease among all very low birthweight infants (birthweight 500-1499 g) born in New Zealand in 1986 is reported. Of 413 of these infants admitted to neonatal units, 355 (86%) survived to 28 days. An additional 50 infants were recorded as liveborn but died ...
Notzon F C - - 1992
In this study birthweight distributions for Mexican Americans and Mexico City were compared. Sharp differences in the two distributions were nearly eliminated by controlling for altitude. The small remaining excess in low birthweight in Mexico City appears to be due to a slight overrepresentation of tertiary hospital deliveries, and possibly ...
Kaaja R - - 1992
The progress of 36 very-low birthweight (less than or equal to 1500 g) infants born to mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertonia or pre-eclampsia was studied. During the first year of life, 7 out of 19 infants died when the mothers' antihypertensive regimen included beta-blockers. Four of the deaths occurred within 15 ...
Chard T - - 1992
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of ponderal index (PI) and the ratio of mid-arm circumference to occipito-frontal circumference (MAC/OFC) to the delivered weight of the child. Measurements were made on 160 singleton neonates with birthweight greater than 2500 g and delivery at 37 weeks or ...
Danielian P J - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal outcome of fetuses who had birthweights less than that expected from early third trimester ultrasound scanning. DESIGN: Retrospective estimation of centile fetal weight at early third trimester ultrasound scanning compared with actual centile birthweight corrected for gestational age, parity and sex. SETTING: Teaching Hospital Obstetric ...
Robillard P Y - - 1992
The Dubowitz assessment of gestational maturity was compared with the best obstetric estimate of gestational age based on date of last menstrual period (LMP) or ultrasonography performed early in the pregnancy or both. This study involved 384 low birthweight infants admitted to the neonatal tertiary center in Guadeloupe, French West ...
Christiansen O B - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To examine birthweight and preterm birth rates in couples with unexplained recurrent miscarriages. DESIGN: A case control study. Birth data of couples with recurrent miscarriages were obtained from midwife records. Time and sex-matched births from the same records served as controls. SETTING: A Regional Hospital in Denmark. SUBJECTS: 79 ...
Lumey L H - - 1992
Using maternity records of the University of Amsterdam teaching hospital for births 1960-1984, obstetric outcomes in 1808 first-born singleton offspring of mothers born between 1 January 1944 and 30 June 1946 in The Netherlands were analysed. Most of these mothers had experienced, during intra-uterine life, a war-induced famine that lasted ...
Alberman E - - 1992
Investigations on intergenerational effects on birthweight have been carried out using the data of the 1958 British National Birthday Trust Fund cohort and its follow-up to 23 years, the National Child Development Study (NCDS-4), which included information on all births to cohort members by that age. This report is directed ...
Desowitz R S - - 1992
The effects of malaria were studied in a group of parturient women of East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea. Further information was gathered from a search of hospital records and interviews with village aid post orderlies. Examination of placental blood revealed a Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia rate of 41% of the ...
Henry O A - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: To measure the frequency of obstetrical complications and assess the outcome of pregnancies in Vietnam-born mothers; to compute birthweight percentile charts for their infants; and to compare these parameters in Vietnam-born women with those of a control group of Australian-born women. DESIGN: A retrospective study of all pregnancies in ...
Klufio C A - - 1992
A retrospective survey was carried out of term babies born to Papua New Guinean parents at the Port Moresby General Hospital. Only babies of known gestational age from uncomplicated pregnancies who were delivered after 37 and before 42 completed weeks were included in the study. The purpose of the study ...
Stefano J L - - 1992
The presence of fused eyelids at birth in the extremely low birthweight infant (less than 1000 gm) is often regarded by physicians as an indication of nonviability. This is especially true for the pediatrician who does not have routine exposure to extremely premature infants and may use the presence of ...
Doyle P - - 1992
The Medical Research Council In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Register report on births resulting from assisted conception in Great Britain demonstrated a high incidence of preterm and low birthweight babies. This incidence remained high even when the analysis was restricted to singleton babies. The present paper investigates possible risk factors for prematurity, ...
Ericson A - - 1992
Very low birthweight liveborn infants (less than 1,500 g, VLBW) born in Sweden 1973-88 were identified from the Medical Birth Registry and efforts were made to remove wrongly recorded birthweights--9% of infants with a registered birth weight below 1,500 g were removed. Some VLBW infants were not recorded in the ...
O'Neil E A - - 1992
Corticosteroids in high doses have been used effectively to decrease the duration of ventilator dependency in very low birthweight infants at risk for chronic lung disease. Randomised prospective studies have shown benefit, with only minimal complications being reported. However, review of our experience over 2.5 years with high dose steroids ...
Okoji G O - - 1992
Between January 1984 and December 1987, 1509 singleton neonates were admitted into Special Care Baby Unit at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital; 29(1.9%) of these were Extreme Low Birthweight (ELBW), 86(5.7%) were Very Low Birthweight (VLBW), 406(26.9%) were Low Birthweight (LBW) and 988 (65.5%) were Normal Birthweight (NBW) ...
Leff M - - 1992
The association between maternal low birthweight (LBW) and infant low birthweight has been explored in previous studies in mainly middle and upper income, Caucasian populations. This study investigated whether the association found in these populations is true in a racially mixed, low socio-economic group. A case-control methodology was used and ...
Taylor D J - - 1992
Although perinatal mortality has continued to fall in Scotland during the last decade, there has been little change during the last three years i.e. 8.9, 8.9, 8.7 per thousand births respectively. Many deaths still result from antepartum haemorrhage and unknown causes so the Scottish Perinatal Mortality group is undertaking a ...
Bakketeig L S - - 1992
Samples and methods vary in constructing birthweight charts. Introduction of ultrasound dating affects the distribution of gestation, increases the proportion of preterm births, and reduces postterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. The need for standardized charts is emphasized. Preferably such charts ought to be sex- and parity-specific, also taking into account ...
Herting E - - 1992
In an international multicenter trial infants with clinical and radiological signs of severe RDS (age 2-15 h, birthweight 700-2,000 g, mechanical ventilation, FiO2 greater than or equal to 0.6, no complicating disease) were randomized to receive either a single dose (n = 176) or up to three subsequent doses (n ...
Blackman J A - - 1991
A significant portion of the health care dollar has been spent on neonatal intensive care since the early 1970s when technologic developments permitted salvage of very small premature infants. The wisdom of allocating so much for so few has been challenged, especially if the result is an increase in the ...
Järvenpää A L - - 1991
During the years 1978-89, all surviving extremely low birthweight infants (BW less than 1000 g, ELBWI) in the region of Southern Finland were admitted to the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and followed up to six years. The number of liveborn ELBWI increased from 30 to 50/year during the first ...
Shami S A - - 1991
The effects of consanguinity on gestational period and anthropometric measurements at birth were assessed in a group of 662 babies delivered in Lahore, Pakistan. Regression analysis revealed consanguinity-related declines in birthweight, recumbent length, head circumference and chest girth and in gestational period. Considered in combination with a recent report from ...
Epstein Y - - 1991
During the Persian Gulf war chemical warfare (CW) protective devices were distributed to the entire population of Israel. Neonates were to be placed in a protective infant carrier (PIC) or an improved PIC ("active PIC") to which filtered air was actively introduced by a blower. The specific needs of low ...
Sato K - - 1991
Erythrocyte sodium and potassium were studied in 64 newborn infants including 21 very low birthweight infants (birthweight less than 1500 g) during the first three days after birth. Erythrocyte sodium showed a positive correlation with gestational age (r = 0.63, p less than 0.01) and birthweight (r = 0.66, p ...
de Sanjose S - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the effect of maternal age, gravidity, marital status, previous perinatal deaths, and parental social class on babies born low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age. DESIGN: The study used data on discharge summaries from all maternity hospitals in Scotland. SETTING: The study ...
Piper J M - - 1991
Infants born in Tennessee between 1984 and 1988 experienced reduced mortality compared with those born in the 5 years previous. For all birthweight singleton infants, the reduction from 10.2 to 8.4 deaths per 1000 live births represents an 18% decline in mortality. The most impressive gain made was for very ...
Ornstein M - - 1991
Neonatal follow-up studies of school age children, published in the last decade, were critically reviewed. Nine studies examined extremely low birthweight infants (less than or equal to 1000 g) and 16 involved very low birthweight infants (less than or equal to 1500 g). The majority of children had age appropriate ...
Buekens P - - 1991
The relationship between low social class and low birthweight or preterm deliveries is well established in singletons but not in twins. We present a study using all twin deliveries registered in Belgium in 1983 and in Aberdeen between 1951 and 1983. No significant relationship was found between social class and ...
Gadow E C - - 1991
Fetal death is essential to evaluate perinatal outcome. Accurate stillbirth rate however is difficult to obtain; this is especially so in developing countries. Current information was obtained through a clinical-epidemiological study, ECLAMC, during the 1982-1986 period for a total sample of 869 750 births in 102 hospitals belonging to 11 ...
Eregie C O - - 1991
A simplified method of six features for gestational age assessment was modified to include scored measurements for head circumference and mid-arm circumference, in order to improve reliability. The modified model had better correlation with gestational age than the simplified method, comparable accuracy to the Dubowitz system and was also more ...
Naylor M D - - 1991
This University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing study on the early discharge of very low birthweight infants led to a care model that saves over $18,000 per infant. The benefits to the institution as a whole, however, have been far greater. They include enhanced faculty and student recruitment as well ...
Gray R H - - 1991
An institution-based surveillance and nested case-control study was conducted in Natal, Northeastern Brazil to estimate the level and determinants of early neonatal mortality. The early neonatal mortality rate was 25.5 per 1000 live-birth, 75% of early neonatal deaths were premature low birthweight infants, and the mortality rates were 591 and ...
Baley J E - - 1991
The current challenge of neonatal candidiasis arises from the increased survival of very low birthweight infants. It is important to understand those factors affecting normal colonization of the neonate, concomitant with those factors that predispose to fungal invasiveness. Disseminated candidiasis may present with subtle signs and symptoms, but has the ...
Alberman E - - 1991
I have tried to show, using a contemporary international data set, the overall consistency in shape of curves of national birthweight distributions which reflect the biological and social characteristics of the population from which they are derived, and the effects of changes in these characteristics. For several countries, including the ...
Primhak R A - - 1991
We studied 738 live singleton births in Papua New Guinea to examine the contribution of ethnic origin and environmental factors to birth weight and gestation. Maternal history, examination and post-partum anthropometry, infant anthropometry and clinical gestational assessment were performed, and placental blood slides and histology were examined. Mothers from Highlands ...
van Zeben-van der Aa D M - - 1991
In a nationwide survey on liveborn very preterm and/or very low birthweight infants in The Netherlands, mortality and handicaps at the corrected age of 2 years were studied in infants born to mothers with or without hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. The neonatal and in-hospital mortality was significantly lower in infants ...
Boo N Y - - 1991
A 2-year study was carried out in the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur to determine the neonatal mortality rates. This Hospital functions both as the local service centre as well as the national referral centre in Malaysia. Its neonatal services, however, were equipped and manned at those below Level III perinatal ...
Doornbos J P - - 1991
Using a computer-stored database, birthweights and related variables over 25,000 infants born in Amsterdam (The Netherlands) were analysed retrospectively. Only after allowing for maternal height, did the difference between mean birthweights of Dutch and Asian infants disappear, whereas Negroid and Mediterranean infants continued to show respectively lower and higher means ...
Rogo K - - 1991
Nine hundred ninety-nine newborns were examined in order to determine the relationship between birthweight and mid-arm and chest circumstances. An early neonatal mortality rate of 51/1000 was recorded, being much higher for preterm (301/1000) than term babies (2.5/1000). Both mid-arm and chest circumference showed highly significant correlations with birthweight (r ...
Eregie C O - - 1991
An abbreviated and simplified method of assessment of gestational age was developed for an African population. A total of 508 infants who were appropriate for gestational age from three hospitals in Benin City, Nigeria, were examined with the Dubowitz scoring system to determine its reliability for an African population. Then ...
Mutale T - - 1991
Social stress was assessed in 92 women with low-birthweight babies and 92 controls using the detailed LEDS measure of life events and severe chronic difficulties. The low-birthweight group was divided into preterm delivery (n = 40), small for gestational age (SGA) (n = 40) and mixed groups. Multivariate analysis was ...
Secher N J - - 1991
In 58 small for gestational age (SGA) infants and 141 non-SGA infants, the measuring of symphysis fundal distance (SF) was compared with clinical estimation of fetal weight in order to evaluate the efficacy of the two methods of predicting SGA. By regression analyses, the SF curve deviation explains 22% of ...
Young C L - - 1991
This article describes the development of a county-wide multi-institutional follow-up system for a high risk population of children and their families and proposes guidelines for health service system building. The target population for this program known as the Alliance for Infants and based in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, was the very ...
Abell T D - - 1991
A prospective cohort study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship of family functioning to infant birthweight adjusted for length of gestation. The mother's perception of family functioning was assessed at the initial prenatal visit using the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES II). All obstetric patients at four family ...
Brown H L - - 1991
We compared pregnancy outcome in 286 teenaged primigravidas (less than or equal to 16 years old) and 267 adult primigravidas (21 to 25 years old) who had similar prenatal care, socioeconomic status, and racial balance. The incidence of preterm labor and delivery of a low birthweight infant was significantly higher ...
Brooten D - - 1991
Various studies have been conducted which explore the different functions of the clinical nurse specialist (CNS). This study details the functions of CNSs providing direct patient care before and following hospital discharge of very low birthweight infants and effect on patient outcome. The study reports on CNS interactions with 36 ...
Lilja M - - 1991
In this paper, registry data on infants born in Sweden between 1983 and 1986 are reviewed to describe the epidemiological characteristics of infants with single umbilical artery (SUA). During this period 372,066 births were registered with information on the number of umbilical vessels. Our data set contains 1782 SUA infants. ...
al-Eissa Y A - - 1991
In a multicentre prospective study, we have determined the incidence of low birthweight (LBW) and the main predisposing risk factors. Among 4651 consecutive births over a 5-month period in five hospitals in Riyadh, the overall incidence of LBW was 8.4%. When stillbirths were excluded the incidence of LBW was 7.4% ...
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