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Getahun D D 1] Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California Medical Group, Pasadena, CA, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Objective:To examine whether inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with ischemic/inflammatory conditions during pregnancy.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study using the 2000 to 2012 Kaiser Permanente Southern California maternally-linked medical records (n=395 781). The two major subtypes of IBD, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's diseases were studied. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were used ...
Wang Dawei D Molecular Genetics Laboratory, New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner, New York, NY 10016, United - - 2014
Sudden unexplained deaths (SUD) in apparently healthy individuals, for which the causes of deaths remained undetermined after comprehensive forensic investigations and autopsy, present vexing challenges to medical examiners and coroners. Cardiac channelopathies, a group of inheritable diseases that primarily affect heart rhythm by altering the cardiac conduction system, have been ...
Santorelli Gillian G Bradford Institute for Health Research, Temple Bank House, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford BD9 6RJ, - - 2014
The present study aimed to explore previously unreported ethnic differences in infant feeding practices during the introduction of solid foods, accounting for maternal and birth factors, and to determine whether these feeding patterns are associated with BMI at 3 years of age. An observational study using Poisson regression was carried ...
Drysdale Simon B SB Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess whether prematurely born infants have a genetic predisposition to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection-related respiratory morbidity. One hundred and forty-six infants born at less than 36 weeks of gestation were prospectively followed. Nasopharygeal aspirates were obtained on every occasion the infants had a ...
Okada Emiko E Department of Public Health Sciences, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, North 15 West 7 Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are persistent organic pollutants that are detected in humans worldwide. Laboratory animal studies have shown that PFAAs are associated with immunotoxic effects. However, epidemiological studies investigating the role of PFAAs, in particular PFAAs with longer chains than perfluorooctanoic acid, are scarce. We investigated associations between prenatal exposure ...
Cohen-Bendahan C C C CC Department of Developmental Psychology - Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Montessorilaan 3, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
An infant's optimal development is determined to a great extent by the adequate and sensitive responses of the caregiver. The adequacy and sensitivity of a reaction to an infant in distress (i.e. crying) will partly depend on the causal attributions of the crying and on the individual's sympathy for the ...
Mahgoub Linda L University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Gastric pneumatosis and thickened gastric wall are rare radiological findings that may be indicative of severe gastrointestinal tract ischaemia or necrosis; we report a case with a brief discussion of the literature. The premature neonate conveyed an interesting series of rare X-ray findings which were secondary to extensive gastric, duodenal ...
Peters Rachel L RL Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, - - 2013
There is a paucity of data examining the natural history of and risk factors for egg allergy persistence, the most common IgE-mediated food allergy in infants. We aimed to assess the natural history of egg allergy and identify clinical predictors for persistent egg allergy in a population-based cohort. The HealthNuts ...
Bernie Kate K School of Medicine, University of Leeds , Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom - - 2013
Abstract Background: Increasing rates of exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is important to ensure that infants achieve "optimal growth, development, and health" and could generate over £40 million in annual savings for the National Health Service. Interventions targeting young mothers are recommended because of low breastfeeding ...
Sugden Nicole A - - 2013
Exposure to faces is known to shape and change the face processing system; however, no study has yet documented infants' natural daily first-hand exposure to faces. One- and three-month-old infants' visual experience was recorded through head-mounted cameras. The video recordings were coded for faces to determine: (1) How often are ...
Macdorman Marian F - - 2013
Infant mortality rates are associated with maternal health, quality of and access to medical care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health practices, which makes infant mortality an increasingly important public health concern. After large declines throughout the twentieth century, the U.S. infant mortality rate did not decline significantly during 2000-2005. Analysis ...
Kuzma Jerzy - - 2013
Despite the well-recognized effectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant life for reducing infant mortality, adherence to this practice is not widespread in the developing world. Although several studies on infant nutrition practices have been conducted in urban settings of Papua New Guinea (PNG), there ...
Johns Helene M - - 2013
Expressing breast milk has become increasingly prevalent, particularly in some developed countries. Concurrently, breast pumps have evolved to be more sophisticated and aesthetically appealing, adapted for domestic use, and have become more readily available. In the past, expressed breast milk feeding was predominantly for those infants who were premature, small ...
Jelin Angie C - - 2013
Objective: Although delayed umbilical cord clamping has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage and neonatal sepsis, and decrease the need for neonatal transfusions (without affecting cord pH, Apgar scores or the need for phototherapy), the extent to which this practice is being employed is unknown. We conducted ...
Raines Deborah A - - 2013
Purpose: To quantify mothers' concerns in anticipation of their infant's discharge from the NIC U Design: An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design was used. Sample: A convenience sample of 150 mothers Main Outcome Variable: The focus was the mothers' concerns about their infant's impending discharge. Results: The mothers expressed confidence in ...
Edmonds Carl - - 2013
The investigation of deaths that involve diving using a compressed breathing gas (SCUBA diving) is a specialized area of forensic pathology. Diving related deaths occur more frequently in certain jurisdictions, but any medical examiner or coroner's office may be faced with performing this type of investigation. In order to arrive ...
Phoutthakeo Phonephay - - 2013
This study aims to examine the influence of formula milk promotion via the media from Thailand to Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), where a cultural and linguistic proximity are shared. A cross-sectional study was conducted through a structured questionnaire survey and focus group discussion (FGD) with mothers who had children ...
Rodríguez-Díaz Jesús - - 2013
The acquisition of the intestinal microbiota is essential for infants that are also in close contact with intestinal viruses. We assayed the presence of human enteric viruses in the faeces of 44 healthy breastfed 6 months-old infants from rural Malawi. Half of the infants tested harboured enteroviruses, although the infants ...
Aitken Julie - - 2013
To determine whether maternal exposure to iodine or neonatal exposure to topical iodine-containing solutions increases the risk of transient thyroid dysfunction in neonates born <32 weeks' gestation or <1.5 kg. Systematic review. Electronic searches were conducted using Medline and the Cochrane Library. A study was eligible for review if it ...
Eftekhar-Vaghefi Rana R Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2013
Reduction in maternal mortality requires an in-depth knowledge of the causes of death. This study was conducted to explore the circumstances and events leading to maternal mortality through a holistic approach. Using narrative text analysis, all documents related to maternal deaths occurred from 2007 to 2011 in Kerman province/Iran were ...
Auer-Hackenberg Lorenz - - 2013
Premastication-defined as pre-chewing of food for infants by their caregiver-is a common feeding practice in various societies. To date the impact of premastication on children's health including the potential for transmission of infectious diseases is not well understood. Since there are no epidemiologic data on premastication from resource poor regions ...
Phillips-Pula Lois - - 2013
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the experiences of mothers of preterm infants during the first 6 months at home following discharge from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A purposeful sample of 8 mothers was gathered and interviews were conducted over a 4-month period. Each interview ...
Van Winkle Robert C - - 2013
Infants with recurrent infection may be found to have hypogammaglobulinemia without impaired specific antibody responses. Many will be diagnosed with transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy. This study used a parametric survival analysis of 100 infants with hypogammaglobulinemia to predict time to normalization. Aggregate initial immunoglobulins (IgG + IgA + IgM), as ...
Ungar-Sargon Eliyahu - - 2013
This is a response to Dr Joseph Mazor's paper 'The child's interests and the case for the permissibility of male infant circumcision.' I argue that Dr Mazor fails to prove that bodily integrity and self-determination are mere interests as opposed to genuine rights in the case of infant male circumcision. ...
Oturai Gabriella - - 2013
Deferred imitation studies are used to assess infants' declarative memory performance. These studies have found that deferred imitation performance improves with age, which is usually attributed to advancing memory capabilities. Imitation studies, however, are also used to assess infants' action understanding. In this second research program it has been observed ...
Pichler Gerhard G Research Unit for Cerebral Development and Oximetry, Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2013
To define reference ranges for regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (crSO2) and regional cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) during the first 15 minutes after birth in neonates requiring no medical support. The crSO2 was measured using near infrared spectroscopy (Invos 5100 cerebral/somatic oximeter monitor; Somanetics Corp, Troy, Michigan) during ...
Crapnell Tl - - 2013
To investigate early medical and family factors associated with later feeding risk in preterm infants. For this longitudinal study, we enrolled 136 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation. Medical and social background factors were assessed at term equivalent age. Infants underwent magnetic resonance imaging, neurobehavioral evaluation, and feeding assessment. Parent involvement ...
Embleton Nicholas David - - 2013
Research in preterm infants is vital to improving outcomes, yet faces unique challenges: although around 10% of all births are preterm, only about 10,000 per year are born more than 8 weeks early in the United Kingdom (UK) each year, and key morbidities (necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)) ...
Mori Kiwako - - 2013
To report the characteristics of Japanese shaken baby syndrome (SBS) in a regional Japanese children's hospital and verify previously reported idiosyncratic features that differ from those of SBS in Western countries: (1) a considerably higher frequency of mothers as perpetrators, (2) older ages of abusive parents, and (3) a higher ...
Mitha Ayoub - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine whether neonatal infections are associated with a higher risk of adverse neurodevelopment at 5 years of age in a population-based cohort of very preterm children.METHODS:We included all live births between 22 and 32 weeks of gestation, from 9 regions in France, in 1997 (EPIPAGE study). Of the 2665 ...
Arbuckle Tye E - - 2013
The Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study was established to obtain Canadian biomonitoring data for pregnant women and their infants, and to examine potential adverse health effects of prenatal exposure to priority environmental chemicals on pregnancy and infant health. Women were recruited during the first trimester from 10 sites ...
Sasaki Takeshi - - 2013
Urinary retention resulting from urolithiasis in early infancy is an extremely rare event. Cystine stone formation in those younger than 1 year is also a rare condition. We report a case of urinary retention caused by a urethral cystine stone in a 10-month-old male infant. Obstructive urolithiasis should be considered ...
Patel Amul - - 2013
Infant death depends upon the care during the infancy and also upon the service utilization during antenatal and intra-natal periods and with its decline, it is necessary to find the under-reporting if any and identify the most appropriate agency for its reporting. (1) To document disparities between different reporting systems ...
Lapage Martin J - - 2013
The use of intravenous verapamil for tachyarrhythmia in infants is widely considered contraindicated due to the perceived risk of hemodynamic collapse after administration. This article reviews the relatively limited evidence that led to this well-known contraindication and highlights the interesting process by which medical practice may evolve in the absence ...
Brisville A-C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The neonatal period is associated with high morbidity and mortality in cloned calves. OBJECTIVE: To describe morbidity and mortality in cloned calves from birth to 2 years of age. ANIMALS: Thirty-one somatic cell-derived Holstein calves delivered at a veterinary teaching hospital. METHODS: Medical files were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Four calves ...
Rocha G - - 2013
Aim: Over the last two decades, new therapies have emerged for the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The aim of this paper was to review our experience in the management of newborns diagnosed with CDH over a 14-year period. Methods: Review of maternal and infant medical records, 1997-2010. Results: ...
Vanderweele Tyler J - - 2013
PURPOSE: During the last 30 years, the use of prenatal care, both the proportion of women receiving the recommended number of visits and the average number of visits, has increased substantially. Although infant mortality has decreased, the incidence of preterm birth has increased. We hypothesized that prenatal care may lead to ...
Svoboda J Steven - - 2013
Every infant has a right to bodily integrity. Removing healthy tissue from an infant is only permissible if there is an immediate medical indication. In the case of infant male circumcision there is no evidence of an immediate need to perform the procedure. As a German court recently held, any ...
Miller E Kathryn - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Prospective data on viral etiology and clinical characteristics of bronchiolitis and upper respiratory illness in infants is limited. METHODS:: This prospective cohort enrolled previously healthy term infants during inpatient or outpatient visits for acute upper respiratory illness (URI) or bronchiolitis during September - May 2004-2008. Illness severity was determined ...
Qureshi Faisal G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been widely used for the last 25 y. The impact of ethno-demographic changes on ECMO outcomes has not been fully examined. We evaluated the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry over a 21-y period to understand these trends. METHODS: A retrospective review of all ...
Lind Jennifer N - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between maternal use of common medications and herbals during early pregnancy and risk for hypospadias in male infants. METHODS: We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multi-site, population-based, case-control study. We analyzed data from 1537 infants with second-degree or third-degree isolated hypospadias ...
Evans Angharad - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of a child younger than 1 year that remains unexplained after thorough evaluation. The possibility of an underlying primary arrhythmogenic disorder has been proposed as a potential cause of SIDS. This study sought to review SIDS deaths and to perform genetic ...
Azad Meghan B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated that early-life exposure to pets or siblings affords protection against allergic disease; these associations are commonly attributed to the "hygiene hypothesis". Recently, low diversity of the infant gut microbiota has also been linked to allergic disease. In this study, we characterize the infant gut microbiota ...
Niimura Junko - - 2013
This essay is a story about a cultural interaction between a Japanese mother and a Chinese young mother whose baby was premature. When I was staying in a hospital in Japan to deliver my second son, I shared a room with this mother. She delivered her baby very early-at 25 ...
Egube B A - - 2013
Introduction: Neonatal Jaundice (NNJ) is a common disorder worldwide and one of the important contributors to the high neonatal morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Severe neonatal jaundice leads to brain damage or even death in otherwise healthy newborns. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude ...
Chinawa J M - - 2013
Abdominal colic is common in infants but generally harmless. The exact aetiology is unknown but it has been associated with vicious cycle of crying and swallowing of air by the infant. The excessive crying associated with it can result in a lot of distress for family members creating unnecessary panics. ...
Lavelli Manuela - - 2013
A microgenetic research design with a multiple case study method and a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses was used to investigate interdyad differences in real-time dynamics and developmental change processes in mother-infant face-to-face communication over the first 3 months of life. Weekly observations of 24 mother-infant dyads with analyses ...
Kair Laura R - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that removing pacifiers from routine distribution in our mother-baby unit (MBU) would be associated with greater breastfeeding initiation or exclusivity during the birth hospitalization. We retrospectively compared exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding plus supplemental formula feeding, and exclusive formula feeding rates for 2249 infants admitted to the MBU ...
Paulus Markus - - 2013
Within recent years, the question of early rationality in action perception and production has become a topic of great interest in developmental psychology. On the one hand, studies have provided evidence for rational action perception and action imitation even in very young infants. On the other hand, scholars have recently ...
Barimani Mia - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess mothers' perceived satisfaction with professional support during the first 2 weeks after childbirth and the extent to which mothers seek emergency care during the same period. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted of all mothers (n = 546) in Stockholm County, Sweden, who gave ...
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