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Newby Ruth M RM Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
To accurately establish the extent to which breastfeeding exclusivity and duration and the introduction of foods other than breast milk are congruous with Australian infant feeding guidelines among a cohort of primiparous women and their infants in Australia. The Feeding Queensland Babies Study is primarily a questionnaire-based prospective birth cohort ...
Ding Yan-Hua YH Child Health Care Department, Children's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In China, research on the relation of mother-infant attachment to children's development is scarce. This study sought to investigate the relation of mother-infant attachment to attachment, cognitive and behavioural development in young children. This study used a longitudinal study design. The subjects included healthy infants (n=160) aged 12 to 18months. ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2014
Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) may influence the immune system. Our objective was to compare the frequency of common illnesses in infants who received formula with or without added LCPUFAs. In this observational, multi-center, prospective study, infants consumed formula with 17 mg DHA and 34 mg ARA/100 kcal (n ...
Kozhimannil Katy B KB *Division of Health Policy and Management, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN †Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
There is increasing attention to labor induction and cesarean delivery occurring at 37 0/7-38 6/7 weeks' gestation (early-term) without medical indication. To measure prevalence, change over time, patient characteristics, and infant outcomes associated with early-term nonindicated births. Retrospective analysis using linked hospital discharge and birth certificate data for the 7,296,363 ...
Peacock Jennifer J - - 2014
Improvements in the care of the premature infant and advancements in technology are increasing life expectancy of infants with medical conditions once considered lethal; these infants are at risk of becoming a medically complex infant. Complex infants have a significant existing problem list, are on several medications, and receive medical ...
Abdul Raheem Raheema R School of Public Health, Curtin University , Perth, Western Australia, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Background and Objectives: This study identified the determinants of the introduction of prelacteal feeds in the Maldives. Subjects and Methods: A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited from antenatal clinics at two major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives. The mothers were followed up after birth at 4 weeks, 3 ...
Vanderwert Ross E RE Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience, Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Previous studies in infants have shown that face-sensitive components of the ongoing electroencephalogram (the event-related potential, or ERP) are larger in amplitude to negative emotions (e.g., fear, anger) versus positive emotions (e.g., happy). However, it is still unclear whether the negative emotions linked with the face or the negative emotions ...
Qasimyar H H College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, - - 2014
Recent trends in late-onset neonatal sepsis have revealed an increase in Gram-negative organisms as causative agents. Ochrobactrum anthropi is an emerging human pathogen that has been reported primarily in immunocompromised hosts, especially those with indwelling catheters or other medical devices. We report the occurrence of late-onset urosepsis secondary to O. ...
Bihari S S David Ferguson Neonatal Unit, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, - - 2014
To investigate maternal attitude towards infant feeding and initial infant feeding choice and its association with social deprivation amongst postpartum women in Newport, South Wales. A cohort of postpartum women who had given birth at the Royal Gwent hospital (n = 658) were asked to fill out an infant feeding ...
Tooten Anneke A International Victimology Institute Tilburg, Tilburg University, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Research on parental attachment representations after preterm birth is limited and inconclusive. The present study is the first in which maternal and paternal attachment representations after term, moderately and very preterm birth are compared. In addition, special attention was directed toward disrupted attachment representations. Mothers and fathers of term infants ...
Wijers Charlotte H W CH Department for Health Evidence, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Background: Both genetic and nongenetic factors are suggested to be involved in the etiology of congenital anorectal malformations (ARM). Maternal periconceptional use of folic acid supplements were inconsistently suggested to play a role in the prevention of ARM. Therefore, we investigated independent associations and interactions of maternal periconceptional folic acid ...
Newby Ruth R 1 Children's Nutrition Research Centre, The University of Queensland , Herston, Queensland, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Aim: This study assessed infant feeding knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among women from Queensland, Australia, in their first pregnancy. Antenatal feeding intention in this group was described, and the hypothesis was tested that antenatal knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about infant feeding are associated with antenatal intention for the duration ...
El Shafei Arwa Mohamed Hosney AM Kasr Al Aini Faculty of medicine Cairo University. - - 2014
Determinants of breastfeeding (BF) exclusivity at a rural Egyptian setting are largely unknown. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess BF indicators, specifically exclusivity and the timely complementary feeding while assessing potential determinants that affect exclusivity of BF among a sample of mothers inhabiting Egyptian rural communities. A community based cross-sectional ...
Norum Jan J Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway. - - 2014
Summer time is a challenging period in obstetric care as many health care workers are on holiday. We aimed to explore the Scandinavian birth patterns and the Norwegian kindergarten reform's possible influence on time of delivery in Norway. A retrospective analysis using data (2000-12) from the medical birth registries of ...
Getahun D D 1] Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California Medical Group, Pasadena, CA, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Objective:To examine whether inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with ischemic/inflammatory conditions during pregnancy.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study using the 2000 to 2012 Kaiser Permanente Southern California maternally-linked medical records (n=395 781). The two major subtypes of IBD, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's diseases were studied. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were used ...
Gribble Karleen D - - 2014
The process by which women came to use internet-facilitated peer-to-peer shared milk was explored via a written questionnaire administered to 41 peer milk recipients from five countries. Respondents were universally unable to provide some or all of the milk their infants required. Twenty-nine dyads had a medical condition that could ...
Wang Dawei D Molecular Genetics Laboratory, New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner, New York, NY 10016, United - - 2014
Sudden unexplained deaths (SUD) in apparently healthy individuals, for which the causes of deaths remained undetermined after comprehensive forensic investigations and autopsy, present vexing challenges to medical examiners and coroners. Cardiac channelopathies, a group of inheritable diseases that primarily affect heart rhythm by altering the cardiac conduction system, have been ...
Santorelli Gillian G Bradford Institute for Health Research, Temple Bank House, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford BD9 6RJ, - - 2014
The present study aimed to explore previously unreported ethnic differences in infant feeding practices during the introduction of solid foods, accounting for maternal and birth factors, and to determine whether these feeding patterns are associated with BMI at 3 years of age. An observational study using Poisson regression was carried ...
Drysdale Simon B SB Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC-Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, King's College London, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess whether prematurely born infants have a genetic predisposition to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection-related respiratory morbidity. One hundred and forty-six infants born at less than 36 weeks of gestation were prospectively followed. Nasopharygeal aspirates were obtained on every occasion the infants had a ...
Okada Emiko E Department of Public Health Sciences, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, North 15 West 7 Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are persistent organic pollutants that are detected in humans worldwide. Laboratory animal studies have shown that PFAAs are associated with immunotoxic effects. However, epidemiological studies investigating the role of PFAAs, in particular PFAAs with longer chains than perfluorooctanoic acid, are scarce. We investigated associations between prenatal exposure ...
Cohen-Bendahan C C C CC Department of Developmental Psychology - Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Montessorilaan 3, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
An infant's optimal development is determined to a great extent by the adequate and sensitive responses of the caregiver. The adequacy and sensitivity of a reaction to an infant in distress (i.e. crying) will partly depend on the causal attributions of the crying and on the individual's sympathy for the ...
Mahgoub Linda L University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Gastric pneumatosis and thickened gastric wall are rare radiological findings that may be indicative of severe gastrointestinal tract ischaemia or necrosis; we report a case with a brief discussion of the literature. The premature neonate conveyed an interesting series of rare X-ray findings which were secondary to extensive gastric, duodenal ...
Sellappan B B Neonatal Unit, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, - - 2014
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) presenting as acute pseudo-obstruction is uncommon. We report two premature infants presenting with acute bowel obstruction subsequently diagnosed to have CH. Both responded well to medical management with thyroid supplementation.
Sandberg Jacob J Social medicine and Global Health, Dept. of Clinical sciences, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
Early detection of neonatal illness is an important step towards improving newborn survival. Every year an estimated 3.07 million children die during their first month of life and about one-third of these deaths occur during the first 24 hours. Ninety-eight percent of all neonatal deaths occur in low- and middle-income ...
Alves Elisabete E Institute of Public Health-University of Porto (ISPUP), Porto, Portugal Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, - - 2014
There is a strong focus on the translation of scientific knowledge into evidence-based practice when dealing with very preterm births. The aim is to standardise and rationalise healthcare. The incorporation of parents' perspectives with respect to the organisation of care and technical interventions in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is ...
Peters Rachel L RL Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, - - 2013
There is a paucity of data examining the natural history of and risk factors for egg allergy persistence, the most common IgE-mediated food allergy in infants. We aimed to assess the natural history of egg allergy and identify clinical predictors for persistent egg allergy in a population-based cohort. The HealthNuts ...
Bernie Kate K School of Medicine, University of Leeds , Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom - - 2013
Abstract Background: Increasing rates of exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life is important to ensure that infants achieve "optimal growth, development, and health" and could generate over £40 million in annual savings for the National Health Service. Interventions targeting young mothers are recommended because of low breastfeeding ...
Sugden Nicole A - - 2013
Exposure to faces is known to shape and change the face processing system; however, no study has yet documented infants' natural daily first-hand exposure to faces. One- and three-month-old infants' visual experience was recorded through head-mounted cameras. The video recordings were coded for faces to determine: (1) How often are ...
Macdorman Marian F - - 2013
Infant mortality rates are associated with maternal health, quality of and access to medical care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health practices, which makes infant mortality an increasingly important public health concern. After large declines throughout the twentieth century, the U.S. infant mortality rate did not decline significantly during 2000-2005. Analysis ...
Kuzma Jerzy - - 2013
Despite the well-recognized effectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant life for reducing infant mortality, adherence to this practice is not widespread in the developing world. Although several studies on infant nutrition practices have been conducted in urban settings of Papua New Guinea (PNG), there ...
Johns Helene M - - 2013
Expressing breast milk has become increasingly prevalent, particularly in some developed countries. Concurrently, breast pumps have evolved to be more sophisticated and aesthetically appealing, adapted for domestic use, and have become more readily available. In the past, expressed breast milk feeding was predominantly for those infants who were premature, small ...
Jelin Angie C - - 2013
Objective: Although delayed umbilical cord clamping has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage and neonatal sepsis, and decrease the need for neonatal transfusions (without affecting cord pH, Apgar scores or the need for phototherapy), the extent to which this practice is being employed is unknown. We conducted ...
Raines Deborah A - - 2013
Purpose: To quantify mothers' concerns in anticipation of their infant's discharge from the NIC U Design: An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design was used. Sample: A convenience sample of 150 mothers Main Outcome Variable: The focus was the mothers' concerns about their infant's impending discharge. Results: The mothers expressed confidence in ...
Edmonds Carl - - 2013
The investigation of deaths that involve diving using a compressed breathing gas (SCUBA diving) is a specialized area of forensic pathology. Diving related deaths occur more frequently in certain jurisdictions, but any medical examiner or coroner's office may be faced with performing this type of investigation. In order to arrive ...
Phoutthakeo Phonephay - - 2013
This study aims to examine the influence of formula milk promotion via the media from Thailand to Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), where a cultural and linguistic proximity are shared. A cross-sectional study was conducted through a structured questionnaire survey and focus group discussion (FGD) with mothers who had children ...
Rodríguez-Díaz Jesús - - 2013
The acquisition of the intestinal microbiota is essential for infants that are also in close contact with intestinal viruses. We assayed the presence of human enteric viruses in the faeces of 44 healthy breastfed 6 months-old infants from rural Malawi. Half of the infants tested harboured enteroviruses, although the infants ...
Aitken Julie - - 2013
To determine whether maternal exposure to iodine or neonatal exposure to topical iodine-containing solutions increases the risk of transient thyroid dysfunction in neonates born <32 weeks' gestation or <1.5 kg. Systematic review. Electronic searches were conducted using Medline and the Cochrane Library. A study was eligible for review if it ...
Eftekhar-Vaghefi Rana R Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2013
Reduction in maternal mortality requires an in-depth knowledge of the causes of death. This study was conducted to explore the circumstances and events leading to maternal mortality through a holistic approach. Using narrative text analysis, all documents related to maternal deaths occurred from 2007 to 2011 in Kerman province/Iran were ...
Auer-Hackenberg Lorenz - - 2013
Premastication-defined as pre-chewing of food for infants by their caregiver-is a common feeding practice in various societies. To date the impact of premastication on children's health including the potential for transmission of infectious diseases is not well understood. Since there are no epidemiologic data on premastication from resource poor regions ...
Phillips-Pula Lois - - 2013
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the experiences of mothers of preterm infants during the first 6 months at home following discharge from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A purposeful sample of 8 mothers was gathered and interviews were conducted over a 4-month period. Each interview ...
Van Winkle Robert C - - 2013
Infants with recurrent infection may be found to have hypogammaglobulinemia without impaired specific antibody responses. Many will be diagnosed with transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy. This study used a parametric survival analysis of 100 infants with hypogammaglobulinemia to predict time to normalization. Aggregate initial immunoglobulins (IgG + IgA + IgM), as ...
Ungar-Sargon Eliyahu - - 2013
This is a response to Dr Joseph Mazor's paper 'The child's interests and the case for the permissibility of male infant circumcision.' I argue that Dr Mazor fails to prove that bodily integrity and self-determination are mere interests as opposed to genuine rights in the case of infant male circumcision. ...
Oturai Gabriella - - 2013
Deferred imitation studies are used to assess infants' declarative memory performance. These studies have found that deferred imitation performance improves with age, which is usually attributed to advancing memory capabilities. Imitation studies, however, are also used to assess infants' action understanding. In this second research program it has been observed ...
Pichler Gerhard G Research Unit for Cerebral Development and Oximetry, Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2013
To define reference ranges for regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (crSO2) and regional cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) during the first 15 minutes after birth in neonates requiring no medical support. The crSO2 was measured using near infrared spectroscopy (Invos 5100 cerebral/somatic oximeter monitor; Somanetics Corp, Troy, Michigan) during ...
Crapnell Tl - - 2013
To investigate early medical and family factors associated with later feeding risk in preterm infants. For this longitudinal study, we enrolled 136 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation. Medical and social background factors were assessed at term equivalent age. Infants underwent magnetic resonance imaging, neurobehavioral evaluation, and feeding assessment. Parent involvement ...
Embleton Nicholas David - - 2013
Research in preterm infants is vital to improving outcomes, yet faces unique challenges: although around 10% of all births are preterm, only about 10,000 per year are born more than 8 weeks early in the United Kingdom (UK) each year, and key morbidities (necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)) ...
Mori Kiwako - - 2013
To report the characteristics of Japanese shaken baby syndrome (SBS) in a regional Japanese children's hospital and verify previously reported idiosyncratic features that differ from those of SBS in Western countries: (1) a considerably higher frequency of mothers as perpetrators, (2) older ages of abusive parents, and (3) a higher ...
Mitha Ayoub - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine whether neonatal infections are associated with a higher risk of adverse neurodevelopment at 5 years of age in a population-based cohort of very preterm children.METHODS:We included all live births between 22 and 32 weeks of gestation, from 9 regions in France, in 1997 (EPIPAGE study). Of the 2665 ...
Arbuckle Tye E - - 2013
The Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study was established to obtain Canadian biomonitoring data for pregnant women and their infants, and to examine potential adverse health effects of prenatal exposure to priority environmental chemicals on pregnancy and infant health. Women were recruited during the first trimester from 10 sites ...
Sasaki Takeshi - - 2013
Urinary retention resulting from urolithiasis in early infancy is an extremely rare event. Cystine stone formation in those younger than 1 year is also a rare condition. We report a case of urinary retention caused by a urethral cystine stone in a 10-month-old male infant. Obstructive urolithiasis should be considered ...
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