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Wilcox Teresa - - 2011
There is evidence that 4.5-month-olds do not always use surface pattern to individuate objects but that they can be primed to attend to pattern differences through select experiences. For example, if infants are first shown events in which the pattern of an object predicts its function (dotted containers pound and ...
Edmonds Brownsyne Tucker - - 2011
Objective: Racial/ethnic minorities report preferences for resuscitative care at the end of life. The main objective of this study was to determine if there are racial/ethnic differences in use of intubation for periviable neonates. We hypothesized that infants born to black and Hispanic women are more likely to be resuscitated ...
Echarri Patricia Peso - - 2011
The intestinal microbiota in the breast-fed infant is considered as ideally healthy. We assessed the microbiota of breast-fed full-term neonates from two different Spanish locations. Statistically significant geographical differences for different bacterial groups were found, underlining the need to consider and define geographical-related effects on microbiota.
Pieh Christina - - 2011
Purpose To investigate the development of smooth pursuit in infants and to assess the influence of different stimulus characteristics. Methods A total of 131 eye movement recordings were obtained from 71 infants between 1 and 18 months of age using infrared photo-oculography. Smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) were stimulated using ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2011
All theories of language development suggest that learning is constrained. However, theories differ on whether these constraints arise from language-specific processes or have domain-general origins such as the characteristics of human perception and information processing. The current experiments explored constraints on statistical learning of patterns, such as the phonotactic patterns ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The biological role of fatty acids (FA) in the perinatal period is under active investigation. We here describe the application of a simplified microanalytical procedure to compare the FA profile of maternal, umbilical cord and infant whole blood, inclusive of all circulating lipid fractions and cells. METHODS: ...
Mather Emily E Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2011
How does variability between members of a category influence infants' category learning? We explore the impact of the order in which different items are sampled on category formation. Two groups of 10-months-olds were presented with a series of exemplars to be organized into a single category. In a low distance ...
Hasegawa Tatsuji - - 2011
Callosal injury in preterm infants is a key factor affecting neurodevelopmental outcome. We investigated the characteristics of corpus callosum (CC) in preterm infants without apparent white matter lesions. We studied 58 preterm infants divided into three groups of 23-25, 26-29, and 30-33 wk GA. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was obtained ...
Schum Nina - - 2011
The anticipation of two object dimensions during grasping was investigated in 10- and 12-month-olds. We presented objects varying in both orientation and size and analyzed infants' anticipatory hand configurations. We found in Experiment 1 that nearly all of the 12-month-olds (94%), but less than half of the 10-month-olds (40%), anticipated ...
McIntyre Matthew H - - 2011
Testosterone was assayed in the saliva of 32 female and 42 male 3-5month old infants, and the lengths of their finger segments between flexion creases were measured. While expected sex differences were identified in the finger measures, these sex differences were not correlated with salivary testosterone in either sex.
Moulson Margaret C MC Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2011
Early experiences contribute powerfully to the development of neural systems that underlie various perceptual and cognitive abilities in humans. In one of the first studies to systematically control infants' exposure to a familiar object, we examined the effects of controlled experience on the neural correlates of visual recognition in two ...
Kersbergen K J - - 2011
Objective To describe different patterns of associated brain lesions in preterm and full-term infants with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) and to assess whether these different patterns are related to gestational age at onset. Design Magnetic resonance scans of all neonates (six preterm, 24 full term) with suspected CSVT, collected over ...
Hunnius Sabine - - 2011
Human faces are among the most important visual stimuli that we encounter at all ages. This importance partly stems from the face as a conveyer of information on the emotional state of other individuals. Previous research has demonstrated specific scanning patterns in response to threat-related compared to non-threat-related emotional expressions. ...
Barker Brittan A BA Louisiana State University, USA. - - 2011
There are currently no formal, standardized procedures for assessing speech processing and perception during infancy. This lack of tools makes interpretation of infant data challenging. This article describes how our clinical research center established listening-development criteria for infants with cochlear implants. The listening-development criteria incorporate programming, audiometric, and parent-report measures ...
Logan J W - - 2011
To evaluate, in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs), relationships between indicators of early postnatal hypotension and cranial ultrasound indicators of cerebral white matter damage imaged in the nursery and cerebral palsy diagnoses at 24 months follow-up. The 1041 infants in this prospective study were born at <28 weeks gestation, ...
Vervloed Mathijs P J - - 2011
Face processing development is negatively affected when infants have not been exposed to faces for some time because of congenital cataract blocking all vision (Le Grand, Mondloch, Maurer, & Brent, 2001). It is not clear, however, whether more subtle differences in face exposure may also have an influence. The present ...
Padilla Nelly - - 2011
Previous evidence suggests that preterm newborns with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have specific neurostructural and neurodevelopmental anomalies, but it is unknown whether these effects persist in early childhood. We studied a sample of 18 preterm IUGR, 15 preterm AGA -born between 26-34weeks of gestational age (GA) - and 15 healthy ...
Stanley Fiona - - 2011
Our Different View was stimulated by our analyses that identified very different risks of preterm birth (and most likely their outcomes) in the Aboriginal subpopulation of Western Australia. Given the increasing immigration into many wealthy countries in both North America and Europe, it is unlikely that these patterns we described ...
Bankole Olubunmi - - 2012
Traditional birth attendants (TBAs) can be invaluable in assisting to dispel myths commonly associated with natal/neonatal teeth. To ensure correct delivery of the message, baseline data of their beliefs is important. To assess the attitude and beliefs of some Nigerian TBAs to prematurely erupted teeth in infants, a total enumeration ...
Graf Estes Katharine - - 2011
How do infants use their knowledge of native language sound patterns when learning words? There is ample evidence of infants' precocious acquisition of native language sound structure during the first years of life, but much less evidence concerning how they apply this knowledge to the task of associating sounds with ...
Ho Yen-Ju - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine maternal attitudes and sociodemographic variables associated with Taiwanese mothers' continuation of breastfeeding at 6 weeks postpartum. A sample of 140 in-hospital breastfeeding mothers was recruited in Taiwan. Participants completed the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) in the hospital prior to discharge. ...
Chiabi A - - 2011
The study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of breast-feeding in the West region of Cameroon. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in two health facilities on 195 mother-infant pairs, seen at the out patient and vaccination units of the Bafoussam Regional Hospital over a period ...
Wheeler Andrea - - 2011
Young infants are known to prefer own-race faces to other race faces and recognize own-race faces better than other-race faces. However, it is entirely unclear as to whether infants also attend to different parts of own- and other-race faces differently, which may provide an important clue as to how and ...
Mehrain Rahele R Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Amirkola Hospital , Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol , Iran. ; Department of Radiology, Amirkola Children's Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2011
Congenital lobar emphysema, also called infantile lobar emphysema, is a respiratory disease that occurs in infants when air enters the lungs and cannot leave easily. It results from cartilage deficiency and bronchomalacia causing distal air trapping and respiratory distress. In this study, we present a case of endobronchial polyp mimicking ...
Riva Crugnola Cristina - - 2011
With the aim of studying the relationship between methods of emotion regulation and quality of attachment we examined 39 infants with different patterns of attachment, of whom 20 were classified as secure (B), 12 as avoidant (A) and 7 as resistant (C), assessing the regulatory strategies adopted by them during ...
Mennella Julie A - - 2011
Infant formulas differ considerably in composition and sensory profiles. In this randomized study, we examined whether healthy infants fed an extensively protein hydrolysate formula (PHF) would differ in feeding behavior and growth from those fed cow-milk formula (CMF). Infants were randomly assigned to be fed CMF or PHF between 0.5 ...
Thompson Deanne K DK Howard Florey Institute, Centre for Neuroscience, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2011
The corpus callosum is the largest white matter tract, important for interhemispheric communication. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare corpus callosum size, shape and diffusion characteristics in 106 very preterm infants and 22 full-term infants. Structural and diffusion magnetic resonance images were obtained at term equivalent. ...
Soderstrom Melanie - - 2011
We examined infants' perception of the intonational characteristics of yes-no questions and declarative sentences in English. Both infants habituated to questions and those habituated to declaratives preferred the question forms at test, suggesting that infants process these two sentence types differently.
Leeman Lawrence M - - 2010
Objective. Determine whether infants exposed to chronic maternal methadone with abnormal intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns are more likely to require treatment for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Study design. Intrapartum FHR tracings analyzed in 104 pregnancies at ≥34 weeks gestation for FHR variability, accelerations, and decelerations. FHR patterns compared between neonates ...
Bartok Cynthia J - - 2011
Abstract Background: Numerous studies have documented short- and long-term differences in growth and body composition based on whether an infant is breastfed or formula-fed. However, little is known about whether these differences result from the substance consumed (breastmilk vs. formula) or from the delivery method (breast vs. bottle). This prospective ...
Model Dmitri - - 2011
A novel automated method to measure eye misalignment in infants is presented. The method uses estimates of the Hirschberg ratio (HR) and angle Kappa (the angle between the visual and optical axis) for each infant to calculate the angle of eye misalignment. The HR and angle Kappa are estimated automatically ...
Ward Nancy - - 2010
Infants have been known to be able to discriminate two languages using just the visual cues to speech. [Weikum et al., "Visual language discrimination in infancy," Science, 316, 1159 (2007)]. There have been no studies that have investigated whether infants can use this ability in their language acquisition. We investigated ...
Janssen Renée M - - 2010
There are few published reports providing quantitative information of clinical feasibility for tone-evoked auditory brainstem response (ABR) protocols. In this study, the authors reviewed charts of 188 ABR assessments during a 20-mo period: 116 sedated (median age, 23 mos) and 72 nonsedated (median age, 4 mos). Fifty-one percent of infants ...
Farzin Faraz F University of California, Davis, USA. - - 2010
Humans' conscious awareness of objects in their visual periphery is limited. This limit is not entirely the result of reduced visual acuity. Rather, it is primarily caused by crowding--the difficulty identifying an object when it is surrounded by clutter. The effect of crowding on visual awareness in infants has yet ...
Johnson Scott P - - 2010
The visual world of adults consists of objects at various distances, partly occluding one another, substantial and stable across space and time. The visual world of young infants, in contrast, is often fragmented and unstable, consisting not of coherent objects but rather surfaces that move in unpredictable ways. Evidence from ...
Raniero Elaine P - - 2010
this study aimed to characterize the pattern and rate of motor skill acquisition among preterm infants from newborn to four months corrected age, in comparison with a group of full-term infants. twelve healthy preterm infants (mean gestational age=33.6 weeks ± 1.25) and 10 healthy full-term infants (mean gestational age=39.1 weeks ...
Qian Lin - - 2010
The longitudinal findings presented in this study suggest that with the maturational development, the conduction time of the auditory nerve decreases while the thresholds had no physiological changes within 0-6 months after birth. Comparing the tone-pip auditory brainstem response (ABR) with the auditory steady-state response (ASSR), the former had lower ...
Reynolds Greg D GD Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. - - 2010
In this study, we had 3 major goals. The 1st goal was to establish a link between behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures of infant attention and recognition memory. To assess the distribution of infant visual preferences throughout ERP testing, we designed a new experimental procedure that embeds a behavioral ...
Mani Nivedita - - 2010
Do infants implicitly name visually fixated objects whose names are known, and does this information influence their preference for looking at other objects? We presented 18-month-old infants with a picture-based phonological priming task and examined their recognition of named targets in primed (e.g., dog-door) and unrelated (e.g., dog-boat) trials. Infants ...
Taylor Heather B - - 2010
This study focuses on the development of early visual information processing among infants with spina bifida (SB) compared to typically developing infants using the habituation-dishabituation paradigm. Analyses were conducted in two stages. First infants were evaluated to determine if 18-month old infants (SB=47; Control=40) differed in their ability to shift ...
Glass H C HC Department of Pediatrics, University ofCalifornia, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2010
Children born preterm are at risk for adverse outcome, including visual impairment. We examined the relationship between neonatal DTI and sVEP in children born preterm to determine whether visual outcomes are related to early measurements of brain microstructure. Subjects were born at <34 weeks gestation and imaged before term-equivalent age. ...
Carter Lyndal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With the advent of newborn hearing screening programs, the need to verify the fit of hearing aids in young infants has increased. The recording of cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) for this purpose is quite feasible, but rapid developmental changes that affect response morphology and the presence of electrophysiological ...
Feng Jing-Jing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increased prevalence of visual impairments has been reported in preterm populations. However, it remains unclear about the long-term visual electrophysiological outcomes and their association with visual cognitive functions in premature infants. We investigated visual electrophysiological outcome of 2-year-old infants of different birth weights by flash visual evoked potentials (FVEPs) ...
Wunsch R - - 2011
Sonographic evaluation of the infant hip joint according to the method of Graf has proven to be an important pediatric investigative instrument. Our goal was to investigate quantitatively whether (and in what ways) the clinically relevant infant hip joint structures visualize differently when utilizing trapezoidal as opposed to linear transducers. ...
Hyde Daniel C - - 2010
Behavioral work demonstrates human infants are sensitive to a host of intersensory properties and this sensitivity promotes early learning and memory. However, little is known regarding the neural basis of this ability in infants. Using event-related potentials (ERPs) with infants and adults, we show that during passive viewing auditory evoked ...
Kärtner Joscha - - 2010
This study analyzed German and Nso mothers' auditory, proximal, and visual contingent responses to their infants' nondistress vocalizations in postnatal Weeks 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. Visual contingency scores increased whereas proximal contingency scores decreased over time for the independent (German urban middle-class, N = 20) but not the ...
Simic Nevena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk for neonatal morbidity, transiently reduced thyroid hormone (TH) levels, and impaired visual abilities. To determine the interrelationship between these factors, we measured TH levels in the period ex utero and compared their visual abilities with those of term infants at 6 months (corrected) of ...
Liao Steve M - - 2010
The neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants is a major clinical concern with many infants displaying neurobehavioral deficits in childhood. Functional neuroimaging may provide early recognition of neural deficits in high-risk infants. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has the advantage of providing functional neuroimaging in infants at the bedside. ...
Birch Eileen E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The range of human milk docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations worldwide is much broader than the range explored in randomized clinical trials to date. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine the effect of 4 amounts of DHA supplementation on the visual acuity of formula-fed infants at 12 mo of ...
Vermeulen R Jeroen - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To develop subjective (visual) and objective (morphometric) rating scales for the classification of MRI in infants who had microcephaly with a simplified gyral pattern (MSGP) and to validate the first by the latter. METHODS: We compared the MRI of 12 patients with MSGP and of 5 term-born control infants. ...
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