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Rythén Marianne - - 2012
Children born extremely preterm often suffer from medical complications that have been shown to affect their oral health as toddlers and school children.The aim of this study was to investigate oral health and possible risk indicators for poor oral health in adolescents born extremely preterm compared with a control group ...
Ghiasian Sa - - 2012
The occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk, especially breast milk, is a valuable biomarker for exposure determination to aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)). In the present study, the risk of exposure to AFM(1) in infants fed breast milk was investigated. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for the analysis of ...
Lai Nai Ming - - 2012
With the increased birth rate of twins during the recent decades and improved prognosis of preterm infants, there is a need to explore measures that could optimise their growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes. It has been postulated that co-bedding simulates the twins' intrauterine experiences in which co-regulatory behaviours between the twins ...
Colella-Santos Maria Francisca - - 2011
Hearing is one of the main ways with which one person can contact the external world; it plays a key role in their integration with society. AIM: The objective of this study was to analyze the results of the hearing, medical and genetic evaluation of high-risk infants who failed the ...
Peacock Philip J PJ School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. - - 2012
To investigate whether infants born late-preterm have poorer school attainment compared to those born at term. This study used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Key stage one (KS1) school assessment results were obtained from local education authorities. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the ...
Randall Brad - - 2011
Current classification schemes for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) may not be optimal for capturing scene events that potentially predispose to asphyxia. (1) To compare causes of death in a group of SUID cases assigned by multiple reviewers using our recently published classification scheme for SUID that is based on ...
Son Eun Jin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Accurate evaluation of middle ear function is a challenge especially in babies referred from newborn hearing screening programs. The aim was to assess the feasibility of tympanometry using 226- and 1000-Hz probe tones in neonates. METHODS: Hearing was evaluated by transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) in 96 ears of ...
Kirkham Natasha Z NZ Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2012
In a visual occlusion task, 4-month-olds were given a dynamic sound cue (following the trajectory of an object), or a static cue (sound remained stationary). Infants' oculomotor anticipations were greater in the Dynamic condition, suggesting that representations of visual occlusion were supported by auditory information.
Shafer Valerie L - - 2011
The goal of this paper was to examine intrinsic and extrinsic factors contributing to the development of speech perception in monolingual and bilingual infants and toddlers. A substantial number of behavioral studies have characterized when infants show changes in behavior towards speech sounds in relation to amount of experience with ...
Yadav Yogesh Kumar - - 2012
Filariasis, a tropical parasitic infection, is a common public health problem in the Indian sub-continent. Occurrence of filariasis with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is unusual, particularly in infants, since filariasis has a long incubation period of about 1 year. Though, there are case reports of leishmaniasis, malaria and other vector borne ...
Discenza Deb - - 2011
PARENTS OF PREMATURE infants have a rough road whether they are dealing with the birth of a 36-week or a 23-week infant. Each infant has its own particular difficulties, but the reality of the potential for serious harm and even death is in each parent's mind. Discharge day, as happy ...
Campbell Judith R - - 2011
We report an outbreak of Bacillus bacteremia among premature infants during a construction project. Our investigation revealed potential environmental sources. After replacement of air filters, cleaning of the unit, emphasis on hand hygiene, and relocation of the loading dock for linen and supply delivery, no further cases were detected.
Combrinck Marais - - 2011
Although unexpected infant death in a cot has traditionally been attributed to sudden infant death syndrome, careful evaluation of death scenes and sleeping environments has increasingly identified deaths due to accidental asphyxia from so-called sleeping accidents. The case of a 5-month-old infant boy who was found facedown and unresponsive in ...
Farquhar Cynthia - - 2011
We sought to describe a new classification system for contributory factors in, and potential avoidability of, maternal deaths and to determine the contributory factors and potential avoidability among 4 years of maternal deaths in New Zealand. A new classification system for reporting contributory factors in all maternal deaths was developed ...
Xu Zheng-Min - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the sensitivity and specificity of targeted neonatal hearing screening for the single-session distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) technique and the combined DPOAE/automated auditory brain-stem response (AABR) technique. METHODS: 3000 high-risk newborns were studied at Children's Hospital of Fudan University. They were required to take two different screening ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
If left untreated or treated late and inappropriately, sensorineural hearing impairment has several adverse, irreversible and life-long health, psycho-social and economic consequences for the affected infants and their families. This seminar paper sets out to describe the burden, current practices and management options for sensorineural or permanent hearing impairment in ...
Amalaradjou Mary Anne Roshni - - 2011
Abstract Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen that contaminates powdered infant formula, causing a rare but life-threatening infection in neonates and infants. Contaminated powdered infant formula represents the only known source of infection in infants. We previously reported that trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), an ingredient in cinnamon, inactivated C. sakazakii in ...
McCarthy Rosemary - - 2011
The devastating consequences of maternal mortality are nowhere more evident than in Uganda, where more than 6000 mothers die as a result of childbearing every year (WHO 2010). Maternal death not only devastates the families concerned but harms future generations in terms of economic and social stability. Most of the ...
Ubbink Sander W J - - 2011
A previous study [Brienesse et al. (1997). Pediatr. Res. 42, 478-483] demonstrated a positive shift with increasing postmenstrual age (PMA) in the frequencies of synchronized spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SSOAEs) in preterm infants. We used a mixed model approach to describe a shift with PMA in the spectra of click-evoked otoacoustic ...
Bassi Laura L Department of Maternal and Paediatric Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS a Grande Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milano 20122, - - 2011
Our aim was to compare white matter (WM) microstructure in preterm infants with and without punctate WM lesions on MRI using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and probabilistic tractography. We studied 23 preterm infants with punctate lesions, median GA at birth 30 (25-35) wk, and 23 GA- and sex-matched preterm controls. ...
Boudewyns An - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the major reason for failure of neonatal hearing screening. However, little is known about the impact on hearing status of OME in infants during the first months of life. PATIENTS:: Infants who failed universal newborn hearing screening. METHODS:: Prospective evaluation for the presence ...
Maris M - - 2011
The prevalence of auditory neuropathy/dyssynchrony (AN/AD) is not exactly known. We retrospectively analysed the prevalence of this condition among 135 infants who failed a neonatal screening. Hearing screening was performed by automated auditory brainstem responses (AABR). Unilateral presence of click-evoked oto-acoustic emissions with absent auditory brainstem responses was found in ...
Chen Xueqing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the auditory performance of infants with isolated Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS) after cochlear implantation, compare their performance with those of infants with a normal inner ear, and establish a database of auditory development. METHOD: 435 infants with congenital severe to ...
Cecchini Marco - - 2011
Newborn infants prefer to look at a new face compared to a known face (still-face). This effect does not happen with the mother-face. The newborns could be attracted by the mother-face because, unlike the still-face, it confirms an expectation of communication. Fifty newborns were video-recorded. Sixteen of them were recruited ...
Condò Manuela - - 2011
Background Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants is often assessed with echocardiographic parameters, especially colour Doppler ductal diameter and pulsed Doppler flow pattern. Clinical algorithms have been proposed in which PDA treatment is indicated by either large diameter or a particular flow pattern, however it is unknown whether ductal ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2011
There is evidence that 4.5-month-olds do not always use surface pattern to individuate objects but that they can be primed to attend to pattern differences through select experiences. For example, if infants are first shown events in which the pattern of an object predicts its function (dotted containers pound and ...
Edmonds Brownsyne Tucker - - 2011
Objective: Racial/ethnic minorities report preferences for resuscitative care at the end of life. The main objective of this study was to determine if there are racial/ethnic differences in use of intubation for periviable neonates. We hypothesized that infants born to black and Hispanic women are more likely to be resuscitated ...
Echarri Patricia Peso - - 2011
The intestinal microbiota in the breast-fed infant is considered as ideally healthy. We assessed the microbiota of breast-fed full-term neonates from two different Spanish locations. Statistically significant geographical differences for different bacterial groups were found, underlining the need to consider and define geographical-related effects on microbiota.
Pieh Christina - - 2011
Purpose To investigate the development of smooth pursuit in infants and to assess the influence of different stimulus characteristics. Methods A total of 131 eye movement recordings were obtained from 71 infants between 1 and 18 months of age using infrared photo-oculography. Smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) were stimulated using ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2011
All theories of language development suggest that learning is constrained. However, theories differ on whether these constraints arise from language-specific processes or have domain-general origins such as the characteristics of human perception and information processing. The current experiments explored constraints on statistical learning of patterns, such as the phonotactic patterns ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The biological role of fatty acids (FA) in the perinatal period is under active investigation. We here describe the application of a simplified microanalytical procedure to compare the FA profile of maternal, umbilical cord and infant whole blood, inclusive of all circulating lipid fractions and cells. METHODS: ...
Mather Emily - - 2011
How does variability between members of a category influence infants' category learning? We explore the impact of the order in which different items are sampled on category formation. Two groups of 10-months-olds were presented with a series of exemplars to be organized into a single category. In a low distance ...
Hasegawa Tatsuji - - 2011
Callosal injury in preterm infants is a key factor affecting neurodevelopmental outcome. We investigated the characteristics of corpus callosum (CC) in preterm infants without apparent white matter lesions. We studied 58 preterm infants divided into three groups of 23-25, 26-29, and 30-33 wk GA. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was obtained ...
Schum Nina - - 2011
The anticipation of two object dimensions during grasping was investigated in 10- and 12-month-olds. We presented objects varying in both orientation and size and analyzed infants' anticipatory hand configurations. We found in Experiment 1 that nearly all of the 12-month-olds (94%), but less than half of the 10-month-olds (40%), anticipated ...
McIntyre Matthew H - - 2011
Testosterone was assayed in the saliva of 32 female and 42 male 3-5month old infants, and the lengths of their finger segments between flexion creases were measured. While expected sex differences were identified in the finger measures, these sex differences were not correlated with salivary testosterone in either sex.
Moulson Margaret C MC Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2011
Early experiences contribute powerfully to the development of neural systems that underlie various perceptual and cognitive abilities in humans. In one of the first studies to systematically control infants' exposure to a familiar object, we examined the effects of controlled experience on the neural correlates of visual recognition in two ...
Kersbergen K J - - 2011
Objective To describe different patterns of associated brain lesions in preterm and full-term infants with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) and to assess whether these different patterns are related to gestational age at onset. Design Magnetic resonance scans of all neonates (six preterm, 24 full term) with suspected CSVT, collected over ...
Hunnius Sabine - - 2011
Human faces are among the most important visual stimuli that we encounter at all ages. This importance partly stems from the face as a conveyer of information on the emotional state of other individuals. Previous research has demonstrated specific scanning patterns in response to threat-related compared to non-threat-related emotional expressions. ...
Barker Brittan A - - 2011
There are currently no formal, standardized procedures for assessing speech processing and perception during infancy. This lack of tools makes interpretation of infant data challenging. This article describes how our clinical research center established listening-development criteria for infants with cochlear implants. The listening-development criteria incorporate programming, audiometric, and parent-report measures ...
Logan J W - - 2011
To evaluate, in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs), relationships between indicators of early postnatal hypotension and cranial ultrasound indicators of cerebral white matter damage imaged in the nursery and cerebral palsy diagnoses at 24 months follow-up. The 1041 infants in this prospective study were born at <28 weeks gestation, ...
Vervloed Mathijs P J - - 2011
Face processing development is negatively affected when infants have not been exposed to faces for some time because of congenital cataract blocking all vision (Le Grand, Mondloch, Maurer, & Brent, 2001). It is not clear, however, whether more subtle differences in face exposure may also have an influence. The present ...
Padilla Nelly - - 2011
Previous evidence suggests that preterm newborns with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have specific neurostructural and neurodevelopmental anomalies, but it is unknown whether these effects persist in early childhood. We studied a sample of 18 preterm IUGR, 15 preterm AGA -born between 26-34weeks of gestational age (GA) - and 15 healthy ...
Stanley Fiona - - 2011
Our Different View was stimulated by our analyses that identified very different risks of preterm birth (and most likely their outcomes) in the Aboriginal subpopulation of Western Australia. Given the increasing immigration into many wealthy countries in both North America and Europe, it is unlikely that these patterns we described ...
Bankole Olubunmi - - 2012
Traditional birth attendants (TBAs) can be invaluable in assisting to dispel myths commonly associated with natal/neonatal teeth. To ensure correct delivery of the message, baseline data of their beliefs is important. To assess the attitude and beliefs of some Nigerian TBAs to prematurely erupted teeth in infants, a total enumeration ...
Graf Estes Katharine - - 2011
How do infants use their knowledge of native language sound patterns when learning words? There is ample evidence of infants' precocious acquisition of native language sound structure during the first years of life, but much less evidence concerning how they apply this knowledge to the task of associating sounds with ...
Ho Yen-Ju - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine maternal attitudes and sociodemographic variables associated with Taiwanese mothers' continuation of breastfeeding at 6 weeks postpartum. A sample of 140 in-hospital breastfeeding mothers was recruited in Taiwan. Participants completed the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) in the hospital prior to discharge. ...
Chiabi A - - 2011
The study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of breast-feeding in the West region of Cameroon. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in two health facilities on 195 mother-infant pairs, seen at the out patient and vaccination units of the Bafoussam Regional Hospital over a period ...
Wheeler Andrea - - 2011
Young infants are known to prefer own-race faces to other race faces and recognize own-race faces better than other-race faces. However, it is entirely unclear as to whether infants also attend to different parts of own- and other-race faces differently, which may provide an important clue as to how and ...
Mehrain Rahele R Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Amirkola Hospital , Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol , Iran. ; Department of Radiology, Amirkola Children's Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2011
Background: Congenital lobar emphysema, also called infantile lobar emphysema, is a respiratory disease that occurs in infants when air enters the lungs and cannot leave easily. It results from cartilage deficiency and bronchomalacia causing distal air trapping and respiratory distress. In this study, we present a case of endobronchial polyp ...
Riva Crugnola Cristina - - 2011
With the aim of studying the relationship between methods of emotion regulation and quality of attachment we examined 39 infants with different patterns of attachment, of whom 20 were classified as secure (B), 12 as avoidant (A) and 7 as resistant (C), assessing the regulatory strategies adopted by them during ...
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