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Results 101 - 150 of 1098
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Bertino E - - 2012
Objective: To discuss the duration and types of breastfeeding and to identify the factors associated with the early introduction of formula milk. Materials and methods: This longitudinal study was conducted in the largest birthing centre of Turin. 562 mother-infant pairs were selected randomly and enrolled from among all the births ...
Hawkes C P - - 2012
A term infant was noted to have right-sided foot drop. We discuss the role of neurophysiology and diagnostic imaging.
Mireault Gina G Johnson State College, Johnson, VT 05656, United States. - - 2012
Infancy is a critical time for the development of secure attachment, which is facilitated by emotionally synchronous interactions with parents. Humor development, which includes shared laughter and joint attention to an event, emerges concurrently with attachment, but little is known regarding the relationship, if any, between humor development and attachment ...
Ruffini E - - 2012
Fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) refers to the entry of fetal blood into the maternal bloodstream before or during delivery. FMH of more than 30 mL occurs with the frequency of about 1/300. Fetal outcomes may be compromised by still births, hydrops fetalis, cardiac complications, and increased rates of postpartum infant death. ...
Alan Nima N Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital,University Hospitals Case Medical Center Neurological Institute, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2012
Although survival for extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) has improved in the past 3 decades, these infants remain prone to complications of prematurity, including intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). The authors reviewed the outcomes for an entire cohort of ELGANs who suffered severe IVH at their institution during the past 12 ...
Klemetti R - - 2012
Is the perinatal health of first-born children affected by the mother's previous induced abortion(s) (IAs)? Prior IAs, particularly repeat IAs, are correlated with an increased risk of some health problems at first birth; even in a country with good health care quality. A positive association between IA and risk of ...
McKechnie Anne Chevalier AC University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Nursing, Madison, Wisconsin 53792-2455, USA. - - 2012
Drawing on attachment and caregiving theory and the concept of motivation, the purpose of this descriptive study was to examine parents' retrospective accounts of their prenatal experiences after receiving the diagnosis of a fetal heart defect. These parents constituted a subgroup of participants in a larger longitudinal study of parenting ...
Iskander I - - 2012
This study aimed to understand the reasons for late presentation of cases of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. We administered a questionnaire to parents of 130 infants with severe jaundice admitted to Cairo University Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit at age > or = 6 days over an 18-month period. Although ...
Wiklund Ingela - - 2012
The aim was to find scientific evidence and, based on this, to develop national medical guidelines in Sweden for cesarean section on mother's request. More than 17% of all births in Sweden in 2008 were cesarean sections, compared to 5% at the beginning of the 1970s. About 8% of the ...
Tyler Crystal P CP Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2012
We sought to evaluate the association between maternal medication use during pregnancy and cerebral white matter damage and cerebral palsy (CP) among very preterm infants. This analysis of data from the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns (ELGAN) Study included 877 infants born <28 weeks' gestation. Mothers were interviewed, charts were ...
Koss Catherine A - - 2012
To assess whether treatment with metronidazole during pregnancy is associated with preterm birth, low birth weight, or major congenital anomalies, we conducted chart reviews and an analysis of electronic data from a cohort of women delivering at an urban New York State hospital. Of 2,829 singleton/mother pairs, 922 (32.6%) mothers ...
Stafford Irene A - - 2012
: To estimate the rate of early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) neonatal sepsis with combined maternal and neonatal chemoprophylaxis. : Since 1995, GBS chemoprophylaxis at our institution has consisted of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis to all women with identified risk factors. In addition, a single dose of penicillin G was administered ...
Troutman Beth R - - 2012
Examine the quality of infant-mother attachment in a prospective case series of infants whose mothers took selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy. SSRIs are prescribed to 2 to 6% of pregnant women (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, 2007; Stewart, 2011). Recent articles on the use of SSRIs during ...
Garcia Cyrielle - - 2012
Our objective was to identify and quantify phospholipids in milk from different species (human HM, cow CoM, camel CaM, and mare MM) using an optimised (31)P NMR spectroscopy procedure. The phospholipid fingerprints were species-specific with a broader variety of classes found in HM and MM; HM and CaM were richer ...
Yilmaz Ae A Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Fatih University, Ankara, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the practice of swaddling by Turkish mothers residing in different areas of the country (rural or urban), and determine to their level of knowledge on its positive and negative effects on children's health. A total of 632 mothers with an infant aged ...
Ashkenazi Limor - - 2012
Objective. To review the epidemiology and clinical course of invasive pneumococcal diseases of infants younger than 60 days. Study design. All Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures of infants below the age of 60 days during the years 1999-2009 were included in this study. Demographic, clinical, ...
Ng Yan-Yan - - 2012
Erythromycin is generally used as a prokinetic agent for the treatment of feeding intolerance in preterm infants; however, results from previous studies significantly vary due to different medication dosages, routes of administration, and therapy durations. The effectiveness and safety of intermediate-dose oral erythromycin in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2012
Breastfeeding women often need to take medicines, and therefore health professionals need to consider the effects of medication on lactation and the breastfed infant, and any associated risks. This commentary discusses the tragic case of a young woman with a history of mental illness who committed suicide in the postpartum ...
Gokce Ismail Kursad - - 2012
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica is a recognised cause of meningitis in premature neonates and severe infections in immunocompromised adults; multi-drug resistance is a major issue. A premature infant developed sepsis, meningitis and hydrocephalus owing to E. meningoseptica and was treated successfully with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) for 3 weeks. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was required ...
Rythén Marianne - - 2012
Children born extremely preterm often suffer from medical complications that have been shown to affect their oral health as toddlers and school children.The aim of this study was to investigate oral health and possible risk indicators for poor oral health in adolescents born extremely preterm compared with a control group ...
Ghiasian Sa - - 2012
The occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk, especially breast milk, is a valuable biomarker for exposure determination to aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)). In the present study, the risk of exposure to AFM(1) in infants fed breast milk was investigated. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for the analysis of ...
Lai Nai Ming - - 2012
With the increased birth rate of twins during the recent decades and improved prognosis of preterm infants, there is a need to explore measures that could optimise their growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes. It has been postulated that co-bedding simulates the twins' intrauterine experiences in which co-regulatory behaviours between the twins ...
Fatusic Jasenko J Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Clinical Centre, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. - - 2012
To determine the incidence of perinatal mortality, as well as the frequency of premature deliveries. We analyzed the data of birth protocol at the Clinics for Gynecology and Obstetrition at the University Clinical Centre in Tuzla in period 1992-2006. Perinatal mortality gradually declines in the period of 1992-2000. The decline ...
Colella-Santos Maria Francisca - - 2011
Hearing is one of the main ways with which one person can contact the external world; it plays a key role in their integration with society. AIM: The objective of this study was to analyze the results of the hearing, medical and genetic evaluation of high-risk infants who failed the ...
Peacock Philip J PJ School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. - - 2012
To investigate whether infants born late-preterm have poorer school attainment compared to those born at term. This study used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Key stage one (KS1) school assessment results were obtained from local education authorities. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the ...
Randall Brad - - 2011
Current classification schemes for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) may not be optimal for capturing scene events that potentially predispose to asphyxia. (1) To compare causes of death in a group of SUID cases assigned by multiple reviewers using our recently published classification scheme for SUID that is based on ...
Son Eun Jin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Accurate evaluation of middle ear function is a challenge especially in babies referred from newborn hearing screening programs. The aim was to assess the feasibility of tympanometry using 226- and 1000-Hz probe tones in neonates. METHODS: Hearing was evaluated by transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) in 96 ears of ...
Kirkham Natasha Z NZ Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2012
In a visual occlusion task, 4-month-olds were given a dynamic sound cue (following the trajectory of an object), or a static cue (sound remained stationary). Infants' oculomotor anticipations were greater in the Dynamic condition, suggesting that representations of visual occlusion were supported by auditory information.
Shafer Valerie L - - 2011
The goal of this paper was to examine intrinsic and extrinsic factors contributing to the development of speech perception in monolingual and bilingual infants and toddlers. A substantial number of behavioral studies have characterized when infants show changes in behavior towards speech sounds in relation to amount of experience with ...
Yadav Yogesh Kumar - - 2012
Filariasis, a tropical parasitic infection, is a common public health problem in the Indian sub-continent. Occurrence of filariasis with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is unusual, particularly in infants, since filariasis has a long incubation period of about 1 year. Though, there are case reports of leishmaniasis, malaria and other vector borne ...
Discenza Deb - - 2011
PARENTS OF PREMATURE infants have a rough road whether they are dealing with the birth of a 36-week or a 23-week infant. Each infant has its own particular difficulties, but the reality of the potential for serious harm and even death is in each parent's mind. Discharge day, as happy ...
Campbell Judith R - - 2011
We report an outbreak of Bacillus bacteremia among premature infants during a construction project. Our investigation revealed potential environmental sources. After replacement of air filters, cleaning of the unit, emphasis on hand hygiene, and relocation of the loading dock for linen and supply delivery, no further cases were detected.
Combrinck Marais - - 2011
Although unexpected infant death in a cot has traditionally been attributed to sudden infant death syndrome, careful evaluation of death scenes and sleeping environments has increasingly identified deaths due to accidental asphyxia from so-called sleeping accidents. The case of a 5-month-old infant boy who was found facedown and unresponsive in ...
Farquhar Cynthia - - 2011
We sought to describe a new classification system for contributory factors in, and potential avoidability of, maternal deaths and to determine the contributory factors and potential avoidability among 4 years of maternal deaths in New Zealand. A new classification system for reporting contributory factors in all maternal deaths was developed ...
Xu Zheng-Min - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the sensitivity and specificity of targeted neonatal hearing screening for the single-session distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) technique and the combined DPOAE/automated auditory brain-stem response (AABR) technique. METHODS: 3000 high-risk newborns were studied at Children's Hospital of Fudan University. They were required to take two different screening ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
If left untreated or treated late and inappropriately, sensorineural hearing impairment has several adverse, irreversible and life-long health, psycho-social and economic consequences for the affected infants and their families. This seminar paper sets out to describe the burden, current practices and management options for sensorineural or permanent hearing impairment in ...
Amalaradjou Mary Anne Roshni - - 2011
Abstract Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen that contaminates powdered infant formula, causing a rare but life-threatening infection in neonates and infants. Contaminated powdered infant formula represents the only known source of infection in infants. We previously reported that trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), an ingredient in cinnamon, inactivated C. sakazakii in ...
McCarthy Rosemary - - 2011
The devastating consequences of maternal mortality are nowhere more evident than in Uganda, where more than 6000 mothers die as a result of childbearing every year (WHO 2010). Maternal death not only devastates the families concerned but harms future generations in terms of economic and social stability. Most of the ...
Ubbink Sander W J - - 2011
A previous study [Brienesse et al. (1997). Pediatr. Res. 42, 478-483] demonstrated a positive shift with increasing postmenstrual age (PMA) in the frequencies of synchronized spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SSOAEs) in preterm infants. We used a mixed model approach to describe a shift with PMA in the spectra of click-evoked otoacoustic ...
Bassi Laura L Department of Maternal and Paediatric Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS a Grande Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milano 20122, - - 2011
Our aim was to compare white matter (WM) microstructure in preterm infants with and without punctate WM lesions on MRI using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and probabilistic tractography. We studied 23 preterm infants with punctate lesions, median GA at birth 30 (25-35) wk, and 23 GA- and sex-matched preterm controls. ...
Boudewyns An - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the major reason for failure of neonatal hearing screening. However, little is known about the impact on hearing status of OME in infants during the first months of life. PATIENTS:: Infants who failed universal newborn hearing screening. METHODS:: Prospective evaluation for the presence ...
Maris M - - 2011
The prevalence of auditory neuropathy/dyssynchrony (AN/AD) is not exactly known. We retrospectively analysed the prevalence of this condition among 135 infants who failed a neonatal screening. Hearing screening was performed by automated auditory brainstem responses (AABR). Unilateral presence of click-evoked oto-acoustic emissions with absent auditory brainstem responses was found in ...
Chen Xueqing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the auditory performance of infants with isolated Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS) after cochlear implantation, compare their performance with those of infants with a normal inner ear, and establish a database of auditory development. METHOD: 435 infants with congenital severe to ...
Cecchini Marco - - 2011
Newborn infants prefer to look at a new face compared to a known face (still-face). This effect does not happen with the mother-face. The newborns could be attracted by the mother-face because, unlike the still-face, it confirms an expectation of communication. Fifty newborns were video-recorded. Sixteen of them were recruited ...
Condò Manuela - - 2011
Background Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants is often assessed with echocardiographic parameters, especially colour Doppler ductal diameter and pulsed Doppler flow pattern. Clinical algorithms have been proposed in which PDA treatment is indicated by either large diameter or a particular flow pattern, however it is unknown whether ductal ...
Wilcox Teresa - - 2011
There is evidence that 4.5-month-olds do not always use surface pattern to individuate objects but that they can be primed to attend to pattern differences through select experiences. For example, if infants are first shown events in which the pattern of an object predicts its function (dotted containers pound and ...
Edmonds Brownsyne Tucker - - 2011
Objective: Racial/ethnic minorities report preferences for resuscitative care at the end of life. The main objective of this study was to determine if there are racial/ethnic differences in use of intubation for periviable neonates. We hypothesized that infants born to black and Hispanic women are more likely to be resuscitated ...
Echarri Patricia Peso - - 2011
The intestinal microbiota in the breast-fed infant is considered as ideally healthy. We assessed the microbiota of breast-fed full-term neonates from two different Spanish locations. Statistically significant geographical differences for different bacterial groups were found, underlining the need to consider and define geographical-related effects on microbiota.
Pieh Christina - - 2011
Purpose To investigate the development of smooth pursuit in infants and to assess the influence of different stimulus characteristics. Methods A total of 131 eye movement recordings were obtained from 71 infants between 1 and 18 months of age using infrared photo-oculography. Smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) were stimulated using ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2011
All theories of language development suggest that learning is constrained. However, theories differ on whether these constraints arise from language-specific processes or have domain-general origins such as the characteristics of human perception and information processing. The current experiments explored constraints on statistical learning of patterns, such as the phonotactic patterns ...
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