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Patel Amul - - 2013
Infant death depends upon the care during the infancy and also upon the service utilization during antenatal and intra-natal periods and with its decline, it is necessary to find the under-reporting if any and identify the most appropriate agency for its reporting. (1) To document disparities between different reporting systems ...
Lapage Martin J - - 2013
The use of intravenous verapamil for tachyarrhythmia in infants is widely considered contraindicated due to the perceived risk of hemodynamic collapse after administration. This article reviews the relatively limited evidence that led to this well-known contraindication and highlights the interesting process by which medical practice may evolve in the absence ...
Brisville A-C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The neonatal period is associated with high morbidity and mortality in cloned calves. OBJECTIVE: To describe morbidity and mortality in cloned calves from birth to 2 years of age. ANIMALS: Thirty-one somatic cell-derived Holstein calves delivered at a veterinary teaching hospital. METHODS: Medical files were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Four calves ...
Rocha G - - 2013
Aim: Over the last two decades, new therapies have emerged for the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The aim of this paper was to review our experience in the management of newborns diagnosed with CDH over a 14-year period. Methods: Review of maternal and infant medical records, 1997-2010. Results: ...
VanderWeele Tyler J TJ Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
During the last 30 years, the use of prenatal care, both the proportion of women receiving the recommended number of visits and the average number of visits, has increased substantially. Although infant mortality has decreased, the incidence of preterm birth has increased. We hypothesized that prenatal care may lead to ...
Svoboda J Steven - - 2013
Every infant has a right to bodily integrity. Removing healthy tissue from an infant is only permissible if there is an immediate medical indication. In the case of infant male circumcision there is no evidence of an immediate need to perform the procedure. As a German court recently held, any ...
Miller E Kathryn - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Prospective data on viral etiology and clinical characteristics of bronchiolitis and upper respiratory illness in infants is limited. METHODS:: This prospective cohort enrolled previously healthy term infants during inpatient or outpatient visits for acute upper respiratory illness (URI) or bronchiolitis during September - May 2004-2008. Illness severity was determined ...
Qureshi Faisal G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been widely used for the last 25 y. The impact of ethno-demographic changes on ECMO outcomes has not been fully examined. We evaluated the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry over a 21-y period to understand these trends. METHODS: A retrospective review of all ...
Lind Jennifer N JN National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
To investigate associations between maternal use of common medications and herbals during early pregnancy and risk for hypospadias in male infants. We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multi-site, population-based, case-control study. We analyzed data from 1537 infants with second-degree or third-degree isolated hypospadias and 4314 ...
Evans Angharad - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of a child younger than 1 year that remains unexplained after thorough evaluation. The possibility of an underlying primary arrhythmogenic disorder has been proposed as a potential cause of SIDS. This study sought to review SIDS deaths and to perform genetic ...
Niimura Junko - - 2013
This essay is a story about a cultural interaction between a Japanese mother and a Chinese young mother whose baby was premature. When I was staying in a hospital in Japan to deliver my second son, I shared a room with this mother. She delivered her baby very early-at 25 ...
Egube B A - - 2013
Introduction: Neonatal Jaundice (NNJ) is a common disorder worldwide and one of the important contributors to the high neonatal morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Severe neonatal jaundice leads to brain damage or even death in otherwise healthy newborns. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude ...
Chinawa J M - - 2013
Abdominal colic is common in infants but generally harmless. The exact aetiology is unknown but it has been associated with vicious cycle of crying and swallowing of air by the infant. The excessive crying associated with it can result in a lot of distress for family members creating unnecessary panics. ...
Lavelli Manuela - - 2013
A microgenetic research design with a multiple case study method and a combination of quantitative and qualitative analyses was used to investigate interdyad differences in real-time dynamics and developmental change processes in mother-infant face-to-face communication over the first 3 months of life. Weekly observations of 24 mother-infant dyads with analyses ...
Kair Laura R - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that removing pacifiers from routine distribution in our mother-baby unit (MBU) would be associated with greater breastfeeding initiation or exclusivity during the birth hospitalization. We retrospectively compared exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding plus supplemental formula feeding, and exclusive formula feeding rates for 2249 infants admitted to the MBU ...
Paulus Markus - - 2013
Within recent years, the question of early rationality in action perception and production has become a topic of great interest in developmental psychology. On the one hand, studies have provided evidence for rational action perception and action imitation even in very young infants. On the other hand, scholars have recently ...
Barimani Mia - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess mothers' perceived satisfaction with professional support during the first 2 weeks after childbirth and the extent to which mothers seek emergency care during the same period. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted of all mothers (n = 546) in Stockholm County, Sweden, who gave ...
Liu Ying Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, - - 2013
To aid in understanding long-term health consequences of intrauterine infections in preterm birth, we evaluated DNA methylation at 9 differentially methylated regions that regulate imprinted genes by type of preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, or medically indicated [fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia]) and infection status ...
Lawal Taiwo A - - 2013
Introduction Delay in the presentation of babies with anorectal malformations (ARMs) to the pediatric surgeon accounts for a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In countries lacking proper guidelines for screening and newborn physical examination, a lot of responsibility is placed on parents and caregivers; with mothers ...
Van Haltren Karen - - 2013
Abstract Background: Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common symptom in early infant life. The currently available literature identifies the risk factors but not the degree to which each factor lends itself to the development or severity of an ensuing hypoglycemia. Methods: A retrospective electronic chart review of near-term and term infants ...
Fouquier Katherine Ferrell - - 2013
Introduction: This article reviews the current state of knowledge of the theory of maternal role attainment (MRA) and its relevance in describing African American motherhood. EBSCOhost Research Databases that included PubMed, CINAHL plus, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, and Web of Science were searched for journal articles that examined maternal identity and ...
Kennedy Holly Powell - - 2013
BACKGROUND: the rates of primary, repeat, and elective caesarean deliveries have risen dramatically over the past several decades. The reasons for the rise are complex and likely reflect a cultural shift to a greater acceptance of surgical birth as a reasonable option, which may favour infant over maternal outcomes. The ...
Lori Jody R - - 2013
The overall objective of this study was to further our understanding of the factors contributing to the high perinatal mortality rates at a busy rural, referral hospital in Liberia. The specific aims were to: (1) analyze the records of women who experienced a perinatal loss for both medical and nonmedical ...
Sahu Raj R Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
To determine the difference in the risk factors for systemic hypertension in preterm and term infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Data were collected from an existing database of NICU children and confirmed by chart review. Systemic hypertension was defined when 3 separate measurements of systolic and/or diastolic ...
Gouin Marion - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which is associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. These infants are also more likely to develop severe bronchiolitis, which can contribute to neurodevelopmental impairment. The aim of this study was to determine whether severe bronchiolitis in very preterm infants (born before 33 weeks of ...
Moradi-Lakeh Maziar - - 2013
PURPOSE: We performed this study to assess the trend of geographical disparities between rural areas located in the catchment areas of 41 medical universities in Iran from 1993 to 2008. We evaluated four indicators including rates for neonatal mortality (NMR), infant mortality (IMR), under-5 mortality (U5MR) and crude death (CDR). ...
Korst Lisa M - - 2013
We propose a methodology for identifying and analysing 'elective' preterm births (PTBs) using administrative data, and apply this methodology to California data with the objective of providing a framework to further explore the potential rationales for early delivery. Using the California linked birth cohorts for 1999, 2002 and 2005, singleton ...
Dosmukhambetova Dina - - 2013
Research has demonstrated that humans engage in various self-presentational behaviours in the context of mate attraction. We build and expand on these efforts by showing that female facial behaviour also responds to the manipulation of romantic motivation in ways congruent with the logic of evolutionary theory. Given that childbearing is ...
Piedade Cláudia - - 2013
In Amyand's hernia, the hernia sac contains the appendix. This can be normal and accidentally found during herniotomy or inflamed and present as acute scrotum, although the latter is less frequent. We present a case of a male infant with scrotal abscess resulting from Amyand's hernia, with appendicitis and periappendicular ...
Zīle Irisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. In Latvia, the mean age of women giving birth increased from 27.3 in 2000 to 29.0 years in 2010 during the last 11 years. The aim of this study was to report on major congenital anomalies of newborns at birth by the maternal age and to compare ...
Gold Katherine J - - 2013
Maternal knowledge about serious infant illnesses has significant implications for care after discharge, particularly in countries with high infant mortality rates. No existing studies on this topic in low-income countries were identified. The study sought to identify the level of maternal understanding about why a newborn was hospitalized and how ...
Ryan Kath - - 2013
Breast milk expression has been promoted as liberating for women and as offering them more choices, but there has been little research on women's experiences of it and even less critical commentary on the consequences of its incorporation into mainstream behavior. Drawing on narratives of women in the United Kingdom ...
Olabu B O - - 2013
Fever and diarrhea are among the common morbidities that do occur during infancy and are sometimes wrongly associated with teething by the community. Some societies practice gum lancing, ordinarily referred to as gum cutting, as a remedy for the "teething diarrhoea". These myths have a potential of giving false security ...
Halberg F - - 2013
This tribute to her parents by one co-author (NDP) is the fruit of a more than a decade-long search by the senior author (FH) for the details of the lives of Bernhard and Gertraud ("Traute") Düll. These pioneers studied how space/terrestrial weather may differentially influence human mortality from various causes, ...
Lee Hope Mei Hong - - 2013
The benefits of breastfeeding are well-recognised. The majority of first-time mothers in the Lao People's Democratic Republic however do not follow WHO guidelines of exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months, and less than half breastfeed for two years. UNICEF identified lack of exclusive breastfeeding as the second highest risk ...
Bergman Jill - - 2013
Modern western society and media often present the mother's choices for her birth as paramount. Various gurus provide the mother with often conflicting advice. But the reality is that childbirth often becomes a medicalized event with many interventions and less than ideal outcomes. In many instances, the choices are made ...
Bernardo-Ocampo Ma Carmen MC Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA 98105, - - 2013
The use of peripheral nerve block as the sole anesthetic in infants is not very common. Studies have demonstrated that ultrasound guided (USG) peripheral nerve block is associated with higher overall success rate when compared with nerve stimulation (Rubin et al., 2009, and Gelfand et al., 2011). Described below is ...
Charkazi Abdurrahman A PhD in Health Education, Department of public health, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, and Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Breastfeeding depends on social and cultural conditions of societies. Behavior,Attitude, Subjective Norms, Enabling Factors (BASNEF) model is one of the comprehensive models of behavior study, especially in developing countries. This study was performed to investigate the status of breastfeeding during the first two years of infants' life and its risk ...
Azad Meghan B MB Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, 3-527 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy 11405 - 87th Avenue, Edmonton, AB, T6G IC9, - - 2013
Multiple studies have demonstrated that early-life exposure to pets or siblings affords protection against allergic disease; these associations are commonly attributed to the "hygiene hypothesis". Recently, low diversity of the infant gut microbiota has also been linked to allergic disease. In this study, we characterize the infant gut microbiota in ...
Salomo Dorothe - - 2012
Daily activities of forty-eight 8- to 15-month-olds and their interlocutors were observed to test for the presence and frequency of triadic joint actions and deictic gestures across three different cultures: Yucatec-Mayans (Mexico), Dutch (Netherlands), and Shanghai-Chinese (China). The amount of joint action and deictic gestures to which infants were exposed ...
Quill Caroline Mayberry - - 2012
In this issue of The Journal of Medical Ethics, xxx and colleagues report a randomized trial of the influence of default options on delivery room management of an extremely premature infant. They report that among respondents to the hypothetical vignette, those who received the resuscitation default were significantly more likely ...
Upadhyay Ravi Prakash - - 2012
Objective: To investigate causes of and contributors to newborn deaths in rural Haryana using a three delays audit approach.Methods: The study was conducted in 28 villages under the rural field practice area of the Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, All India Institute of Medical Sciences situated in Ballabgarh, Haryana. Data ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
We carried out a survey of current practices of neonatal respiratory support in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Italy with the aim of comparing the current reality with evidence from the literature. We sent a questionnaire by email to the 103 level III neonatal units in Italy. There was ...
Chóliz Mariano - - 2012
This study has three objectives: a) to describe the main differences in the crying patterns produced by the three affective states most closely related to crying: fear, anger and pain; b) to study the adults' accuracy in the recognition of the affective states related to the infant's crying, and c) ...
Fridlund Alan J - - 2012
Evidence collected by Beck, Levinson, and Irons (2009) indicates that Albert B., the "lost" infant subject of John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner's (1920) famous conditioning study, was Douglas Merritte (1919-1925). Following the finding that Merritte died early with hydrocephalus, questions arose as to whether Douglas's condition was congenital, rather ...
Jennifer H Gladius - - 2012
The World Health Organization and the National guidelines on infant and young child feeding recommend the practice of exclusive breastfeeding of infants for the first 6 months after their birth. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of the early initiation of and exclusive breast feeding. A ...
Bagul Abhay Shivram - - 2012
The feeding practices during infancy are of critical importance for the growth and the development of children. Recent studies have reported that wrong feeding practices are widely prevalent in the urban slums. With this background, this study was conducted to assess the infant feeding practices in an urban slum and ...
Lin Hung-Chu - - 2012
This study examined a largely overlooked, yet potentially important, association between empathy and distress in cry responding. The cry stimulus included a 1-min-long video clip of a 4-week-old, crying, male infant. Participants reported their dispositional empathy and distress, perceived aversiveness of the cry stimulus, response emotions, and intention to intervene ...
Bertino E - - 2012
Objective: To discuss the duration and types of breastfeeding and to identify the factors associated with the early introduction of formula milk. Materials and methods: This longitudinal study was conducted in the largest birthing centre of Turin. 562 mother-infant pairs were selected randomly and enrolled from among all the births ...
Hawkes C P - - 2012
A term infant was noted to have right-sided foot drop. We discuss the role of neurophysiology and diagnostic imaging.
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