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Liu Ying Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, - - 2013
To aid in understanding long-term health consequences of intrauterine infections in preterm birth, we evaluated DNA methylation at 9 differentially methylated regions that regulate imprinted genes by type of preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, or medically indicated [fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia]) and infection status ...
Lawal Taiwo A - - 2013
Introduction Delay in the presentation of babies with anorectal malformations (ARMs) to the pediatric surgeon accounts for a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In countries lacking proper guidelines for screening and newborn physical examination, a lot of responsibility is placed on parents and caregivers; with mothers ...
Van Haltren Karen - - 2013
Abstract Background: Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common symptom in early infant life. The currently available literature identifies the risk factors but not the degree to which each factor lends itself to the development or severity of an ensuing hypoglycemia. Methods: A retrospective electronic chart review of near-term and term infants ...
Fouquier Katherine Ferrell - - 2013
Introduction: This article reviews the current state of knowledge of the theory of maternal role attainment (MRA) and its relevance in describing African American motherhood. EBSCOhost Research Databases that included PubMed, CINAHL plus, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, and Web of Science were searched for journal articles that examined maternal identity and ...
Kennedy Holly Powell - - 2013
BACKGROUND: the rates of primary, repeat, and elective caesarean deliveries have risen dramatically over the past several decades. The reasons for the rise are complex and likely reflect a cultural shift to a greater acceptance of surgical birth as a reasonable option, which may favour infant over maternal outcomes. The ...
Lori Jody R - - 2013
The overall objective of this study was to further our understanding of the factors contributing to the high perinatal mortality rates at a busy rural, referral hospital in Liberia. The specific aims were to: (1) analyze the records of women who experienced a perinatal loss for both medical and nonmedical ...
Sahu Raj R Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
To determine the difference in the risk factors for systemic hypertension in preterm and term infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Data were collected from an existing database of NICU children and confirmed by chart review. Systemic hypertension was defined when 3 separate measurements of systolic and/or diastolic ...
Gouin Marion - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, which is associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. These infants are also more likely to develop severe bronchiolitis, which can contribute to neurodevelopmental impairment. The aim of this study was to determine whether severe bronchiolitis in very preterm infants (born before 33 weeks of ...
Moradi-Lakeh Maziar - - 2013
PURPOSE: We performed this study to assess the trend of geographical disparities between rural areas located in the catchment areas of 41 medical universities in Iran from 1993 to 2008. We evaluated four indicators including rates for neonatal mortality (NMR), infant mortality (IMR), under-5 mortality (U5MR) and crude death (CDR). ...
Korst Lisa M - - 2013
We propose a methodology for identifying and analysing 'elective' preterm births (PTBs) using administrative data, and apply this methodology to California data with the objective of providing a framework to further explore the potential rationales for early delivery. Using the California linked birth cohorts for 1999, 2002 and 2005, singleton ...
Dosmukhambetova Dina - - 2013
Research has demonstrated that humans engage in various self-presentational behaviours in the context of mate attraction. We build and expand on these efforts by showing that female facial behaviour also responds to the manipulation of romantic motivation in ways congruent with the logic of evolutionary theory. Given that childbearing is ...
Piedade Cláudia - - 2013
In Amyand's hernia, the hernia sac contains the appendix. This can be normal and accidentally found during herniotomy or inflamed and present as acute scrotum, although the latter is less frequent. We present a case of a male infant with scrotal abscess resulting from Amyand's hernia, with appendicitis and periappendicular ...
Zīle Irisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. In Latvia, the mean age of women giving birth increased from 27.3 in 2000 to 29.0 years in 2010 during the last 11 years. The aim of this study was to report on major congenital anomalies of newborns at birth by the maternal age and to compare ...
Gold Katherine J - - 2013
Maternal knowledge about serious infant illnesses has significant implications for care after discharge, particularly in countries with high infant mortality rates. No existing studies on this topic in low-income countries were identified. The study sought to identify the level of maternal understanding about why a newborn was hospitalized and how ...
Ryan Kath - - 2013
Breast milk expression has been promoted as liberating for women and as offering them more choices, but there has been little research on women's experiences of it and even less critical commentary on the consequences of its incorporation into mainstream behavior. Drawing on narratives of women in the United Kingdom ...
Olabu B O - - 2013
Fever and diarrhea are among the common morbidities that do occur during infancy and are sometimes wrongly associated with teething by the community. Some societies practice gum lancing, ordinarily referred to as gum cutting, as a remedy for the "teething diarrhoea". These myths have a potential of giving false security ...
Halberg F - - 2013
This tribute to her parents by one co-author (NDP) is the fruit of a more than a decade-long search by the senior author (FH) for the details of the lives of Bernhard and Gertraud ("Traute") Düll. These pioneers studied how space/terrestrial weather may differentially influence human mortality from various causes, ...
Lee Hope Mei Hong - - 2013
The benefits of breastfeeding are well-recognised. The majority of first-time mothers in the Lao People's Democratic Republic however do not follow WHO guidelines of exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months, and less than half breastfeed for two years. UNICEF identified lack of exclusive breastfeeding as the second highest risk ...
Bergman Jill - - 2013
Modern western society and media often present the mother's choices for her birth as paramount. Various gurus provide the mother with often conflicting advice. But the reality is that childbirth often becomes a medicalized event with many interventions and less than ideal outcomes. In many instances, the choices are made ...
Bernardo-Ocampo Ma Carmen MC Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA 98105, - - 2013
The use of peripheral nerve block as the sole anesthetic in infants is not very common. Studies have demonstrated that ultrasound guided (USG) peripheral nerve block is associated with higher overall success rate when compared with nerve stimulation (Rubin et al., 2009, and Gelfand et al., 2011). Described below is ...
Charkazi Abdurrahman A PhD in Health Education, Department of public health, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, and Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Breastfeeding depends on social and cultural conditions of societies. Behavior,Attitude, Subjective Norms, Enabling Factors (BASNEF) model is one of the comprehensive models of behavior study, especially in developing countries. This study was performed to investigate the status of breastfeeding during the first two years of infants' life and its risk ...
Salomo Dorothe - - 2012
Daily activities of forty-eight 8- to 15-month-olds and their interlocutors were observed to test for the presence and frequency of triadic joint actions and deictic gestures across three different cultures: Yucatec-Mayans (Mexico), Dutch (Netherlands), and Shanghai-Chinese (China). The amount of joint action and deictic gestures to which infants were exposed ...
Quill Caroline Mayberry - - 2012
In this issue of The Journal of Medical Ethics, xxx and colleagues report a randomized trial of the influence of default options on delivery room management of an extremely premature infant. They report that among respondents to the hypothetical vignette, those who received the resuscitation default were significantly more likely ...
Upadhyay Ravi Prakash - - 2012
Objective: To investigate causes of and contributors to newborn deaths in rural Haryana using a three delays audit approach.Methods: The study was conducted in 28 villages under the rural field practice area of the Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project, All India Institute of Medical Sciences situated in Ballabgarh, Haryana. Data ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
We carried out a survey of current practices of neonatal respiratory support in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Italy with the aim of comparing the current reality with evidence from the literature. We sent a questionnaire by email to the 103 level III neonatal units in Italy. There was ...
Chóliz Mariano - - 2012
This study has three objectives: a) to describe the main differences in the crying patterns produced by the three affective states most closely related to crying: fear, anger and pain; b) to study the adults' accuracy in the recognition of the affective states related to the infant's crying, and c) ...
Fridlund Alan J - - 2012
Evidence collected by Beck, Levinson, and Irons (2009) indicates that Albert B., the "lost" infant subject of John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner's (1920) famous conditioning study, was Douglas Merritte (1919-1925). Following the finding that Merritte died early with hydrocephalus, questions arose as to whether Douglas's condition was congenital, rather ...
Jennifer H Gladius - - 2012
The World Health Organization and the National guidelines on infant and young child feeding recommend the practice of exclusive breastfeeding of infants for the first 6 months after their birth. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of the early initiation of and exclusive breast feeding. A ...
Bagul Abhay Shivram - - 2012
The feeding practices during infancy are of critical importance for the growth and the development of children. Recent studies have reported that wrong feeding practices are widely prevalent in the urban slums. With this background, this study was conducted to assess the infant feeding practices in an urban slum and ...
Lin Hung-Chu - - 2012
This study examined a largely overlooked, yet potentially important, association between empathy and distress in cry responding. The cry stimulus included a 1-min-long video clip of a 4-week-old, crying, male infant. Participants reported their dispositional empathy and distress, perceived aversiveness of the cry stimulus, response emotions, and intention to intervene ...
Bertino E - - 2012
Objective: To discuss the duration and types of breastfeeding and to identify the factors associated with the early introduction of formula milk. Materials and methods: This longitudinal study was conducted in the largest birthing centre of Turin. 562 mother-infant pairs were selected randomly and enrolled from among all the births ...
Hawkes C P - - 2012
A term infant was noted to have right-sided foot drop. We discuss the role of neurophysiology and diagnostic imaging.
Mireault Gina G Johnson State College, Johnson, VT 05656, United States. - - 2012
Infancy is a critical time for the development of secure attachment, which is facilitated by emotionally synchronous interactions with parents. Humor development, which includes shared laughter and joint attention to an event, emerges concurrently with attachment, but little is known regarding the relationship, if any, between humor development and attachment ...
Ruffini E - - 2012
Fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) refers to the entry of fetal blood into the maternal bloodstream before or during delivery. FMH of more than 30 mL occurs with the frequency of about 1/300. Fetal outcomes may be compromised by still births, hydrops fetalis, cardiac complications, and increased rates of postpartum infant death. ...
Alan Nima N Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital,University Hospitals Case Medical Center Neurological Institute, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2012
Although survival for extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) has improved in the past 3 decades, these infants remain prone to complications of prematurity, including intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). The authors reviewed the outcomes for an entire cohort of ELGANs who suffered severe IVH at their institution during the past 12 ...
Klemetti R - - 2012
Is the perinatal health of first-born children affected by the mother's previous induced abortion(s) (IAs)? Prior IAs, particularly repeat IAs, are correlated with an increased risk of some health problems at first birth; even in a country with good health care quality. A positive association between IA and risk of ...
McKechnie Anne Chevalier AC University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Nursing, Madison, Wisconsin 53792-2455, USA. - - 2012
Drawing on attachment and caregiving theory and the concept of motivation, the purpose of this descriptive study was to examine parents' retrospective accounts of their prenatal experiences after receiving the diagnosis of a fetal heart defect. These parents constituted a subgroup of participants in a larger longitudinal study of parenting ...
Iskander I - - 2012
This study aimed to understand the reasons for late presentation of cases of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. We administered a questionnaire to parents of 130 infants with severe jaundice admitted to Cairo University Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit at age > or = 6 days over an 18-month period. Although ...
Wiklund Ingela - - 2012
The aim was to find scientific evidence and, based on this, to develop national medical guidelines in Sweden for cesarean section on mother's request. More than 17% of all births in Sweden in 2008 were cesarean sections, compared to 5% at the beginning of the 1970s. About 8% of the ...
Tyler Crystal P CP Department of Epidemiology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2012
We sought to evaluate the association between maternal medication use during pregnancy and cerebral white matter damage and cerebral palsy (CP) among very preterm infants. This analysis of data from the Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns (ELGAN) Study included 877 infants born <28 weeks' gestation. Mothers were interviewed, charts were ...
Koss Catherine A - - 2012
To assess whether treatment with metronidazole during pregnancy is associated with preterm birth, low birth weight, or major congenital anomalies, we conducted chart reviews and an analysis of electronic data from a cohort of women delivering at an urban New York State hospital. Of 2,829 singleton/mother pairs, 922 (32.6%) mothers ...
Stafford Irene A - - 2012
: To estimate the rate of early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) neonatal sepsis with combined maternal and neonatal chemoprophylaxis. : Since 1995, GBS chemoprophylaxis at our institution has consisted of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis to all women with identified risk factors. In addition, a single dose of penicillin G was administered ...
Troutman Beth R - - 2012
Examine the quality of infant-mother attachment in a prospective case series of infants whose mothers took selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy. SSRIs are prescribed to 2 to 6% of pregnant women (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, 2007; Stewart, 2011). Recent articles on the use of SSRIs during ...
Garcia Cyrielle - - 2012
Our objective was to identify and quantify phospholipids in milk from different species (human HM, cow CoM, camel CaM, and mare MM) using an optimised (31)P NMR spectroscopy procedure. The phospholipid fingerprints were species-specific with a broader variety of classes found in HM and MM; HM and CaM were richer ...
Yilmaz Ae - - 2012
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the practice of swaddling by Turkish mothers residing in different areas of the country (rural or urban), and determine to their level of knowledge on its positive and negative effects on children's health. Material and Methods: A total of 632 mothers ...
Ashkenazi Limor - - 2012
Objective. To review the epidemiology and clinical course of invasive pneumococcal diseases of infants younger than 60 days. Study design. All Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures of infants below the age of 60 days during the years 1999-2009 were included in this study. Demographic, clinical, ...
Ng Yan-Yan - - 2012
Erythromycin is generally used as a prokinetic agent for the treatment of feeding intolerance in preterm infants; however, results from previous studies significantly vary due to different medication dosages, routes of administration, and therapy durations. The effectiveness and safety of intermediate-dose oral erythromycin in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2012
Breastfeeding women often need to take medicines, and therefore health professionals need to consider the effects of medication on lactation and the breastfed infant, and any associated risks. This commentary discusses the tragic case of a young woman with a history of mental illness who committed suicide in the postpartum ...
Gokce Ismail Kursad - - 2012
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica is a recognised cause of meningitis in premature neonates and severe infections in immunocompromised adults; multi-drug resistance is a major issue. A premature infant developed sepsis, meningitis and hydrocephalus owing to E. meningoseptica and was treated successfully with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) for 3 weeks. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was required ...
Fatusic Jasenko - - 2012
To determine the incidence of perinatal mortality, as well as the frequency of premature deliveries. We analyzed the data of birth protocol at the Clinics for Gynecology and Obstetrition at the University Clinical Centre in Tuzla in period 1992-2006. Perinatal mortality gradually declines in the period of 1992-2000. The decline ...
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