Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1019
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Bertoncelli N - - 2012
Background. With increasing sophistication and technology, survival rates hugely improved among preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Nutrition and feeding remain a challenge and preterm infants are at high risk of encountering oral feeding difficulties. Objective. To determine what facts may impact on oral feeding readiness and ...
Mares Joseph C - - 2012
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common arrhythmia in children and is especially common in infants. SVT is typically thought of as an acute condition; however, if unrecognized, a persistent tachyarrhythmia can progress to a state of cardiac contractile dysfunction known as tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. A high index of suspicion for ...
El-Hodhod Mostafa Abdel-Aziz - - 2012
Background. Recurrent perianal inflammation has great etiologic diversity. A possible cause is cow's milk allergy (CMA). The aim was to assess the magnitude of this cause. Subjects and Methods. This follow up clinical study was carried out on 63 infants with perianal dermatitis of more than 3 weeks with history ...
Jiang Weiwei - - 2012
Postoperative intussusception is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and children. Here, we report seven cases of postoperative intussusception in infants and children who were seen at our institution over the last 13 y. The patients showed increased nasogastric drainage, vomiting, lack of stool, and/or growing abdominal distension 2 ...
Gonçalves Américo - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection is the most common viral respiratory infection in infants. Several authors have sought to determine which risk factors are the best predictors for severe RSV disease. Our aim was to evaluate if a specific chest radiographic pattern in RSV disease can predict ...
Freed Chayim - - 2012
ME, a 12-week-old premature infant with a history of complicated ventilatory support at birth, was referred to as a large tertiary centre for urgent retinal laser photocoagulation for retinopathy of prematurity. Following routine induction by a consultant paediatric anaesthetist, immediate ventilation difficulties were encountered, associated with a distended abdomen. Rapid ...
Singleton Tammuella Chrisentery - - 2012
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in full-term neonates with hemophilia is uncommon. Retrospective studies estimate the incidence to be 3.4%-4.0%. However, ICH is the second most common initial hemorrhage for all infants with congenital hemophilia. Nearly half (41%) of the hemorrhages occur within the first week of life, and most hemorrhages are ...
Dallolio Laura - - 2012
One issue that continues to attract the attention of public health researchers is the possible relationship in high-income countries between income, income inequality and infant mortality (IM). The aim of this study was to assess the associations between IM and major socio-economic determinants in Italy. Associations between infant mortality rates ...
Manzar Nabeel - - 2012
To determine the etiology, management, bacteriological spectrum and outcome of neonatal patients admitted in Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) and to examine the factors associated with it. This hospital based descriptive study of 1463 patients from both sexes who were admitted to Paediatric department, CHK from 1st January 2008 till 31st ...
Treepongkaruna Suporn - - 2012
The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice are biliary atresia and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis (INH). Specific disorders underlying INH, such as various infectious and metabolic causes, including neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) especially, in East Asian populations are increasingly being identified. Since most NICCD infants recovered from ...
Najeeb Shahzad - - 2012
Neonatal seizures (NS) affect approximately 1% of neonates. Clonic, tonic, myoclonic and subtle seizures are the common types. Birth asphyxia, sepsis, metabolic derangements, intracranial bleed, kernicterus, tetanus and 5th day fits are the common aetiologies. This study was planned to evaluate the types and causes of neonatal seizures. It was ...
Chatterjee Souvik - - 2012
Achalasia cardia is a neuromuscular disorder of unknown etiology involving the body of the esophagus and lower esophageal sphincter (LES). It is characterized by aperistalsis of the body of the esophagus and failure of relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter. It usually affects patients between the ages of 30 and 60 ...
Himakhun Wanwisa - - 2012
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited disorder of type I collagen synthesis with an estimate incidence of I in 100,000 live births. Among all types, OI type II is the most severe type with perinatal death. The authors describes a male neonate with characteristic features of osteogenesis imperfect type II, ...
Villegas Dolly D Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. E-mail: - - 2012
Afebrile pneumonia syndrome in infants, also called infant pneumonitis, pneumonia caused by atypical pathogens or whooping cough syndrome is a major cause of severe lower respiratory infection in young infants, both in developing countries and in developed countries. To describe children with afebrile pneumonia syndrome. Through a cross-sectional study, we ...
Angeles García M - - 2011
Residue levels of herbicides (triazines) were determined in milk by a new and sensitive analytical method. A total of 312 samples were collected (70 infant formulas and 242 raw milk) biweekly during a 24-month period. A method is reported for the analysis of triazine with extraction by diphasic dialysis and ...
Bose Jayanti - - 2011
: Intracardiac thrombosis is a life-threatening complication of extreme prematurity. We describe the use of tissue plasminogen activator to treat intracardiac thrombosis in extremely low-birth-weight preterm infants. : Case series, literature review, and practice guideline for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator treatment of intracardiac thrombosis in extremely low-birth-weight preterm infants. : ...
- - 2011
In certain versions of Fisher & Paykel IW900 series infant radiant warmers, a wiring harness connector located near the heater head assembly may become damaged and overheat during routine use, potentially rendering the warmer inoperable. Although Fisher & Paykel states that the risk to patients is low, facilities with affected ...
Bay Ali - - 2012
Tyrosinemia type I is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Fulminant onset of liver failure can occur in the first few months of life. Because all of the clotting factors are produced exclusively in the liver except factor VIII, coagulation abnormalities are very common in patients with severe liver disease. Rarely ...
Franklin Anna - - 2011
It has been proposed that human infants, like nonhuman primates, respond favorably to red in hospitable contexts, yet unfavorably in hostile contexts (Maier, Barchfeld, Elliot, & Pekrun, 2009). Here, we replicate and extend the study (Maier et al., 2009) whose findings have been used to support this hypothesis. As in ...
Weidle Paul J - - 2011
Antiretroviral drugs cross from maternal plasma to breast milk and from breast milk to the infant in different concentrations. We measured concentrations of nelfinavir and its active metabolite (M8) in maternal plasma and breast milk from women and in dried blood spots collected from their infants at delivery and postnatal ...
Chao How-Ran - - 2011
In vivo studies have demonstrated that prenatal or neonatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) causes developmental neurotoxicity. However, there is a lack of human data. Our hypothesis was that PBDEs would result in lower infant neurodevelopment scores. This is a post-hoc analysis of previous studies. Fourteen PBDEs in 70 ...
Asakuma Sadaki - - 2011
The bifidogenic effect of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) has long been known, yet the precise mechanism underlying it remains unresolved. Recent studies show that some species/subspecies of Bifidobacterium are equipped with genetic and enzymatic sets dedicated to the utilization of HMOs, and consequently they can grow on HMOs; however, the ...
Suzuki Mitsuyoshi - - 2011
Measurement of urinary sulfated bile acid (USBA) is a non-invasive method to detect bile congestion. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of USBA analysis for the early detection of biliary atresia (BA). We determined the USBA-to-creatinine ratio (USBA/cr) in 1148 infants at 10-40 days after birth. All infants were ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2011
During the first half of the 2nd year of life, infants struggle to use phonemic distinctions in label-object association tasks. Prior experiments have demonstrated that exposure to the phonemes in distinct lexical forms (e.g., /d/ and /t/ in daddy and tiger, respectively) facilitates infants' use of phonemic contrasts but also ...
Zeybek Cenap - - 2011
We report five term neonates born at an altitude of 1890 meters with transient early neonatal cyanosis due to right-to-left shunting at atrial level through patent foramen ovale. The five neonates with no clinical sign or symptom other than marked cyanosis were examined in two neonatal units of Erzurum city. ...
Puri A S - - 2011
We describe a rare neurointerventional complication, namely a stretched and sheared microcatheter, extending 52 cm from its point of retention within an Onyx cast in an infant patient's neck mass, to the groin. The tumor was an unusual manifestation of infantile myofibromatosis and prior attempts at resection had proven impossible ...
Lara-Díaz Victor Javier - - 2011
Abstract A 29 weeks gestational-age newborn product of a multiple gestation was found to have a round mass in the umbilical cord; the resected lesion was an ectopic liver tissue (3 x 2 cm). She also had an imperforated hymen; otherwise, no other abnormalities were seen. The infant survived. Some ...
Fuchs Hans - - 2011
Sustained lung inflations (SI's) immediately after birth might decrease the need for subsequent mechanical ventilation in preterm infants. However, effects of SI's on oxygenation and hemodynamics are undetermined. Our aim was to study immediate effects of SI's on heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in preterm ...
Mondì V - - 2011
Intracardiac thrombosis is a rare event in newborn (5.1 per 100000 live births). It is associated with an high morbidity and mortality. Most of intracardiac thrombi are related to intravascular catheterism. The use of thrombolytic therapy in neonates has rapidly improved in the last few years, particularly with the introduction ...
Arri Sandra Jasminder - - 2011
Background and aim: One source of error with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is the assumption that the measured tissue is optically homogeneous. This is not always the case. Our aim is to assess the impact of tissue homogeneity (TH) on the precision of NIRS measurements in neonates. Methods: On 36 term ...
Wilkie K P - - 2011
Hydrocephalus is a neurological disorder whose clinical symptoms and treatment outcome are correlated with patient age. In Wilkie et al. (2010, A theoretical study of the effect of intraventricular pulsations on the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. Appl. Math. Comput., 215, 3181-3191), the fractional Zener model was used to investigate the role ...
Vermeulen R J - - 2011
Mutations in the gene COL4A1, encoding collagen IV A1, are associated with familial porencephaly. Previously, COL4A1 mutation-associated antenatal hemorrhages have been suggested by early post-natal imaging. We describe 2 children with fetal intracerebral hemorrhages and a COL4A1 mutation. There was also extensive hemispheric tissue loss in both infants and loss ...
Poon Chuen Y - - 2011
AIMS: Myocardial deformation imaging is now used to assess regional ventricular function in infants but their small size presents particular technical challenges. We therefore investigated the determinants of reproducibility of myocardial longitudinal strain (ε) in term and preterm infants, in order to determine optimal technical settings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Repeated ...
Petrova A - - 2011
Objective:To analyze the levels of regional tissue oxygenation in preterm infants in association with echocardiographically significant patent ductus arteriosis (PDA).Study Design:Preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 week were enrolled before the first dose of the pharmacological treatment for the PDA. Non-invasive near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology was utilized to ...
Moyer-Mileur Laurie J - - 2011
Stress in early life negatively influences growth quality through perturbations in body composition including increased fat mass. At term (40 weeks) preterm infants have greater fat mass and abdominal visceral adipose tissue than term-born infants. Mechanical-tactile stimulation (MTS) attenuates the stress response in preterm infants and rodents. We tested the ...
Bohn Desmond - - 2011
An accurate measurement of cardiac performance in infants after cardiopulmonary bypass has long been considered to be an important part of postoperative management. To be useful in clinical decision making, such measurements should ideally be reproducible, non invasive and accurately reflect tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery. Historically, we have relied ...
Atzori Luigi - - 2011
Metabolomics is a technique used to non-invasively determine metabolic status of an organism. Aim of our study was to analyze urinary metabolic profiles in term and preterm infants in order to identify gestational age-related metabolic differences and to predict metabolic maturity at birth. Twenty-six healthy term infants and 41 preterm ...
Khanna Vinay - - 2011
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) caused by free-living amebae Naegleria fowleri is a rare and fatal condition. A fatal case of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis was diagnosed in a 5-month-old infant who presented with the history of decrease breast feeding, fever, vomiting, and abnormal body movements. Trophozoites of Naegleria fowleri were detected ...
Dehaes Mathieu - - 2011
The near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) frequency-domain multi-distance (FD-MD) method allows for the estimation of optical properties in biological tissue using the phase and intensity of radiofrequency modulated light at different source-detector separations. In this study, we evaluated the accuracy of this method to retrieve the absorption coefficient of the brain ...
Shi Feng F IDEA Lab, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of - - 2011
Studies for infants are usually hindered by the insufficient image contrast, especially for neonates. Prior knowledge, in the form of atlas, can provide additional guidance for the data processing such as spatial normalization, label propagation, and tissue segmentation. Although it is highly desired, there is currently no such infant atlas ...
Sun Yuansheng - - 2011
Theodor Förster would have been 100 years old this year, and he would have been astounded to see the impact of his scientific achievement, which is still evolving. Combining his quantitative approach of (Förster) resonance energy transfer (FRET) with state-of-the-art digital imaging techniques allows scientists to breach the resolution limits ...
Poretti A - - 2010
We report on the MRI findings of an anencephalic infant who survived 10 weeks postnatally. MRI showed absence of the cranial vault, all supratentorial structures, and the cerebellum. A brainstem primordium without pontine prominence was present. The brainstem was surrounded by the area cerebrovasculosa. The absence of a pontine prominence ...
Lee Mi-Jung - - 2011
The degree of hepatic fibrosis in biliary atresia (BA) correlates with the prognosis of the disease and thus, early diagnosis of liver fibrosis is clinically important. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for the evaluation of liver fibrosis, but it is an invasive procedure requiring sedation in children. Therefore, it ...
Cartledge Peter - - 2012
Performing a split bilirubin test to identify liver disease in any infant who remains jaundiced beyond 2 weeks of age has been recognised as good clinical practice. The Leeds Community Midwifery Team performed this test, following an agreed protocol, from December 2000. By February 2008, 882 infants had been tested. ...
Hassell Lewis A - - 2010
A case of life-threatening infantile hemangioendothelioma of the liver in a 6-month-old infant treated successfully with the dietary supplement curcumin is reported, with 6-year follow-up. Implications for pathogenesis based on sites of action of curcumin are considered.
Thiessen Erik D - - 2010
Infant and adult learners are able to identify word boundaries in fluent speech using statistical information. Similarly, learners are able to use statistical information to identify word-object associations. Successful language learning requires both feats. In this series of experiments, we presented adults and infants with audio-visual input from which it ...
Lee Way Seah - - 2010
This study determined any clinical features which may help to differentiate biliary atresia (BA) from other causes of neonatal cholestasis (NC). A prospective and observational study was conducted on consecutive infants with NC referred to the University of Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia, between November 1996 and May 2004. The 3 ...
Fumino S - - 2010
In patients with an anomalous arrangement of the pancreaticobiliary duct (AAPBD), clinical presentations may differ between infants and older children. The optimal timing of surgery remains controversial, particularly in early infancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes using comparative methods between infants ...
Arai Hirokazu - - 2010
Premature infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are at greater risk for an adverse perinatal outcome. IUGR affects hepatocyte function, but the histopathological changes in the postnatal liver are not well known. We report a male infant with severe IUGR. His mother was transferred to our hospital at 26 weeks ...
Fitzpatrick E - - 2010
: The significance of extrahepatic bile duct dilatation on ultrasound examination in jaundiced infants is often uncertain. We wished to clarify the diagnostic and prognostic significance of the present finding in neonatal conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. : We retrospectively enrolled all of the infants younger than 3 months with extrahepatic biliary dilatation ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >