Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1038
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Bhat Priya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the most common form of cardiac support for postcardiotomy cardiac failure in children. While its benefits have been thoroughly explored in infants weighing more than 3kg, similar analyses are lacking in lower weight neonates. This single-center study investigated outcomes and risks for poor survival ...
Woods Ronald K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe early outcomes of aortic valve replacement in neonates and infants across a large multicenter cohort. METHODS: Neonates and infants in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database undergoing nontruncal aortic valve replacement with the Ross-Konno procedure, Ross procedure, or homograft replacement from 2000 ...
Papadopoulos M A - - 2012
Papadopoulos M. A., Koumpridou E. N., Vakalis M. L., Papageorgiou S. N. Effectiveness of pre-surgical infant orthopedic treatment for cleft lip and palate patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Orthod Craniofac Res 2012;15:207-236. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to systematically summarize ...
Thorburn Kentigern - - 2012
The true incidence of pulmonary bacterial coinfection in infants and children hospitalized with a viral respiratory infection is difficult to ascertain but can vary widely from under 1 to 44%. For the same patient group admitted to pediatric intensive care units and/or requiring ventilatory support, the evidence is more convincing, ...
Karsdon Jeffrey - - 2012
Abstract Aim: The aim of the study was to test the safety and feasibility of a system designed to decrease the uterine contractions of human preterm labor using a weak electrical current. Methods: Patients in preterm labor had an electrode catheter placed in the posterior vaginal fornix and attached to ...
Onyiriuka Alphonsus N - - 2012
This study assesses the prevalence of hypoglycemia among patients presenting at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria with cholestasis of infancy. During a period of five years, forty patients aged between 15 days and 12 months who presented with cholestasis of infancy, were admitted and screened for ...
Afsharpaiman Shahla - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis is a worldwide problem that presents a management challenge to care groups for neonates and infants. Early diagnosis and management can considerably decrease the risk of sepsis, and improve the outcome. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence, causative pathogens, and the antibiotic sensitivity ...
Chan Chin Yee - - 2012
Esophageal pathologies are complex and lend themselves to multivariable analysis before a definitive diagnosis can be considered. It is imperative that the clinician establish a methodology for selecting the appropriate technological assessment within scientific testing parameters to establish optimal clinicopathological presentation and determine best practice for patient care.
Kara Inci I Selcuk University, Selcuklu Medical Faculty, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Konya, Turkey. - - 2012
Prolonged duration of action of rocuronium in an infant patient is rare. We report an unusual case of prolonged neuromuscular blockade with rocuronium in an infant undergoing cleft lip repair anesthetized with sevoflurane and management of the patient.
de Oliveira Rosana Rosseto - - 2012
Infant mortality (IM), defined as deaths among children one year of age or younger, is an indicator of quality of life and of the organisation and quality of health services. IM reduction is one of the main goals of healthcare and improvements in this area would demonstrate an impact of ...
Shahsavaran Shahram - - 2012
Migration of the proximal and distal catheters of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a very rare event. Here, we report two infants with hydrocephalus and ventriculoperitoneal shunt who presented later with shunt coiling and migration. The first infant was admitted with scalp swelling around proximal incision 3 months after shunt insertion ...
Khambalia Amina Z - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to compare maternal and infant characteristics by mode of VK administration. Methods:  De-identified computerised birth files of all babies born in New South Wales (NSW), Australia between January 2007 and December 2009 (when VK prophylaxis was measured) were included in the present study. ...
Quddusi Ahmed Iqbal AI Department of Neonatal Paediatrics, Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Multan, Pakistan. - - 2012
Neonatology is a rapidly growing paediatric sub-specialty all over the world. Neonatal disease pattern changes from time to time and place. Analyzing the neonatal admission pattern helps the policy makers to make the better strategies and health care givers to serve better. This was a descriptive study. The study data ...
Aly Ashraf M - - 2012
We report a case of a premature infant with a vein of Galen malformation (VGM) who presented with high-output heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and respiratory distress. An echocardiogram showed normal cardiac anatomy, patent ductus arteriosus, and retrograde flow in the descending aorta. Ultrasonography and computed tomography of head confirmed the ...
Betz Jordan F - - 2012
Melamine can be detected in infant formula without the need for additional sample preparation or purification using a simple galvanic displacement reaction to fabricate portable silver SERS substrates. The reaction is rapid, inexpensive, and robust enough to perform well on highly heterogeneous common metal objects such as tape and coins.
Buxmann Horst - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of subcutaneously (SC) and intramuscularly (IM) administered BT088 (Fovepta) human hepatitis B immunoglobulin in neonates of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs/HBsAg)-positive mothers in the prevention of hepatitis B infection. Methods: This was an open, prospective, multicenter ...
Katumba-Lunyenya Jasper - - 2012
Diagnosis of Pyloric stenosis is rare in preterm babies. A case of pyloric stenosis diagnosed at 33(+6) postmenstrual age is reported. To our knowledge, this is the youngest postmenstrual age in the literature for a preterm infant to have a confirmed diagnosis of pyloric stenosis. The report also discusses issues ...
Ugwu G I McGil - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is one of the commonest causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Together with prematurity and neonatal sepsis, they account for over 80% of neonatal deaths. AIM: To determine the incidence and mortality rate of birth asphyxia in Warri Niger Delta of Nigeria. MATERIALS AND ...
Pinto Pais Isabel - - 2012
Vein of Galen malformations (VGM) are rare intracranial vascular anomalies that constitute 1% of all intracranial vascular malformations. Untreated VGM have a very poor prognosis. A high proportion of patients who present in the neonatal period rapidly deteriorate and succumb to congestive cardiac failure. The prenatal diagnosis and possible in ...
Bertoncelli N - - 2012
Background. With increasing sophistication and technology, survival rates hugely improved among preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Nutrition and feeding remain a challenge and preterm infants are at high risk of encountering oral feeding difficulties. Objective. To determine what facts may impact on oral feeding readiness and ...
Mares Joseph C - - 2012
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common arrhythmia in children and is especially common in infants. SVT is typically thought of as an acute condition; however, if unrecognized, a persistent tachyarrhythmia can progress to a state of cardiac contractile dysfunction known as tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. A high index of suspicion for ...
El-Hodhod Mostafa Abdel-Aziz - - 2012
Background. Recurrent perianal inflammation has great etiologic diversity. A possible cause is cow's milk allergy (CMA). The aim was to assess the magnitude of this cause. Subjects and Methods. This follow up clinical study was carried out on 63 infants with perianal dermatitis of more than 3 weeks with history ...
Jiang Weiwei - - 2012
Postoperative intussusception is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and children. Here, we report seven cases of postoperative intussusception in infants and children who were seen at our institution over the last 13 y. The patients showed increased nasogastric drainage, vomiting, lack of stool, and/or growing abdominal distension 2 ...
Gonçalves Américo - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection is the most common viral respiratory infection in infants. Several authors have sought to determine which risk factors are the best predictors for severe RSV disease. Our aim was to evaluate if a specific chest radiographic pattern in RSV disease can predict ...
Freed Chayim - - 2012
ME, a 12-week-old premature infant with a history of complicated ventilatory support at birth, was referred to as a large tertiary centre for urgent retinal laser photocoagulation for retinopathy of prematurity. Following routine induction by a consultant paediatric anaesthetist, immediate ventilation difficulties were encountered, associated with a distended abdomen. Rapid ...
Singleton Tammuella Chrisentery - - 2012
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in full-term neonates with hemophilia is uncommon. Retrospective studies estimate the incidence to be 3.4%-4.0%. However, ICH is the second most common initial hemorrhage for all infants with congenital hemophilia. Nearly half (41%) of the hemorrhages occur within the first week of life, and most hemorrhages are ...
Dallolio Laura - - 2012
One issue that continues to attract the attention of public health researchers is the possible relationship in high-income countries between income, income inequality and infant mortality (IM). The aim of this study was to assess the associations between IM and major socio-economic determinants in Italy. Associations between infant mortality rates ...
Manzar Nabeel - - 2012
To determine the etiology, management, bacteriological spectrum and outcome of neonatal patients admitted in Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) and to examine the factors associated with it. This hospital based descriptive study of 1463 patients from both sexes who were admitted to Paediatric department, CHK from 1st January 2008 till 31st ...
Treepongkaruna Suporn - - 2012
The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice are biliary atresia and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis (INH). Specific disorders underlying INH, such as various infectious and metabolic causes, including neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) especially, in East Asian populations are increasingly being identified. Since most NICCD infants recovered from ...
Najeeb Shahzad - - 2012
Neonatal seizures (NS) affect approximately 1% of neonates. Clonic, tonic, myoclonic and subtle seizures are the common types. Birth asphyxia, sepsis, metabolic derangements, intracranial bleed, kernicterus, tetanus and 5th day fits are the common aetiologies. This study was planned to evaluate the types and causes of neonatal seizures. It was ...
Chatterjee Souvik - - 2012
Achalasia cardia is a neuromuscular disorder of unknown etiology involving the body of the esophagus and lower esophageal sphincter (LES). It is characterized by aperistalsis of the body of the esophagus and failure of relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter. It usually affects patients between the ages of 30 and 60 ...
Himakhun Wanwisa - - 2012
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited disorder of type I collagen synthesis with an estimate incidence of I in 100,000 live births. Among all types, OI type II is the most severe type with perinatal death. The authors describes a male neonate with characteristic features of osteogenesis imperfect type II, ...
Villegas Dolly D Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. E-mail: - - 2012
Afebrile pneumonia syndrome in infants, also called infant pneumonitis, pneumonia caused by atypical pathogens or whooping cough syndrome is a major cause of severe lower respiratory infection in young infants, both in developing countries and in developed countries. To describe children with afebrile pneumonia syndrome. Through a cross-sectional study, we ...
Angeles García M - - 2011
Residue levels of herbicides (triazines) were determined in milk by a new and sensitive analytical method. A total of 312 samples were collected (70 infant formulas and 242 raw milk) biweekly during a 24-month period. A method is reported for the analysis of triazine with extraction by diphasic dialysis and ...
Bose Jayanti - - 2011
: Intracardiac thrombosis is a life-threatening complication of extreme prematurity. We describe the use of tissue plasminogen activator to treat intracardiac thrombosis in extremely low-birth-weight preterm infants. : Case series, literature review, and practice guideline for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator treatment of intracardiac thrombosis in extremely low-birth-weight preterm infants. : ...
- - 2011
In certain versions of Fisher & Paykel IW900 series infant radiant warmers, a wiring harness connector located near the heater head assembly may become damaged and overheat during routine use, potentially rendering the warmer inoperable. Although Fisher & Paykel states that the risk to patients is low, facilities with affected ...
Bay Ali - - 2012
Tyrosinemia type I is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Fulminant onset of liver failure can occur in the first few months of life. Because all of the clotting factors are produced exclusively in the liver except factor VIII, coagulation abnormalities are very common in patients with severe liver disease. Rarely ...
Franklin Anna - - 2011
It has been proposed that human infants, like nonhuman primates, respond favorably to red in hospitable contexts, yet unfavorably in hostile contexts (Maier, Barchfeld, Elliot, & Pekrun, 2009). Here, we replicate and extend the study (Maier et al., 2009) whose findings have been used to support this hypothesis. As in ...
Weidle Paul J - - 2011
Antiretroviral drugs cross from maternal plasma to breast milk and from breast milk to the infant in different concentrations. We measured concentrations of nelfinavir and its active metabolite (M8) in maternal plasma and breast milk from women and in dried blood spots collected from their infants at delivery and postnatal ...
Chao How-Ran - - 2011
In vivo studies have demonstrated that prenatal or neonatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) causes developmental neurotoxicity. However, there is a lack of human data. Our hypothesis was that PBDEs would result in lower infant neurodevelopment scores. This is a post-hoc analysis of previous studies. Fourteen PBDEs in 70 ...
Asakuma Sadaki - - 2011
The bifidogenic effect of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) has long been known, yet the precise mechanism underlying it remains unresolved. Recent studies show that some species/subspecies of Bifidobacterium are equipped with genetic and enzymatic sets dedicated to the utilization of HMOs, and consequently they can grow on HMOs; however, the ...
Suzuki Mitsuyoshi - - 2011
Measurement of urinary sulfated bile acid (USBA) is a non-invasive method to detect bile congestion. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of USBA analysis for the early detection of biliary atresia (BA). We determined the USBA-to-creatinine ratio (USBA/cr) in 1148 infants at 10-40 days after birth. All infants were ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2011
During the first half of the 2nd year of life, infants struggle to use phonemic distinctions in label-object association tasks. Prior experiments have demonstrated that exposure to the phonemes in distinct lexical forms (e.g., /d/ and /t/ in daddy and tiger, respectively) facilitates infants' use of phonemic contrasts but also ...
Zeybek Cenap - - 2011
We report five term neonates born at an altitude of 1890 meters with transient early neonatal cyanosis due to right-to-left shunting at atrial level through patent foramen ovale. The five neonates with no clinical sign or symptom other than marked cyanosis were examined in two neonatal units of Erzurum city. ...
Puri A S - - 2011
We describe a rare neurointerventional complication, namely a stretched and sheared microcatheter, extending 52 cm from its point of retention within an Onyx cast in an infant patient's neck mass, to the groin. The tumor was an unusual manifestation of infantile myofibromatosis and prior attempts at resection had proven impossible ...
Lara-Díaz Victor Javier - - 2011
Abstract A 29 weeks gestational-age newborn product of a multiple gestation was found to have a round mass in the umbilical cord; the resected lesion was an ectopic liver tissue (3 x 2 cm). She also had an imperforated hymen; otherwise, no other abnormalities were seen. The infant survived. Some ...
Fuchs Hans - - 2011
Sustained lung inflations (SI's) immediately after birth might decrease the need for subsequent mechanical ventilation in preterm infants. However, effects of SI's on oxygenation and hemodynamics are undetermined. Our aim was to study immediate effects of SI's on heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in preterm ...
Mondì V - - 2011
Intracardiac thrombosis is a rare event in newborn (5.1 per 100000 live births). It is associated with an high morbidity and mortality. Most of intracardiac thrombi are related to intravascular catheterism. The use of thrombolytic therapy in neonates has rapidly improved in the last few years, particularly with the introduction ...
Arri Sandra Jasminder - - 2011
Background and aim: One source of error with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is the assumption that the measured tissue is optically homogeneous. This is not always the case. Our aim is to assess the impact of tissue homogeneity (TH) on the precision of NIRS measurements in neonates. Methods: On 36 term ...
Wilkie K P - - 2011
Hydrocephalus is a neurological disorder whose clinical symptoms and treatment outcome are correlated with patient age. In Wilkie et al. (2010, A theoretical study of the effect of intraventricular pulsations on the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. Appl. Math. Comput., 215, 3181-3191), the fractional Zener model was used to investigate the role ...
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