Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1043
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Ooki Syuichi - - 2013
The relationship between congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and multiple pregnancy has not been fully studied in Japan. Complete nationwide data of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in Japan from 2005 to 2009 presented by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, which include information on CH and birth defects were used for ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
The most controversial issue in organ donation after the circulatory determination of death is whether the donor was truly dead at the moment death is declared. My colleagues and I further analyzed this issue by showing the relevance of the distinction between the "permanent" and the "irreversible" loss of circulatory ...
Adams Elizabeth E - - 2013
Coarctation is a congenital narrowing of the aorta that often requires repair during infancy. The subclavian flap aortoplasty was once widely favored for its avoidance of a circumferential suture line and low incidence of recoarctation. The aim of this study is to report the long-term results of the subclavian flap ...
Epstein Ilan J - - 2013
The authors report the formation of hard exudates and macular scarring after laser photocoagulation therapy in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Two premature neonates, the first born at 24 weeks and the second at 25 weeks gestational age, were diagnosed as having ROP that necessitated laser photocoagulation treatment at ...
Van der Kaay D C M - - 2013
Both transverse lie and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. We present a neonate born at 29 weeks gestation with severe birth trauma after PPROM and transverse lie. The patient had extensive swelling and areas of desquamated and necrotic skin of the right ...
Tokgöz Orhan - - 2013
Bacground. To investigate the anesthetic management in premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injections. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for the patients with ROP who had IVB injection. Clinical characteristics, demographic variables, anesthetic medications, operation techniques, time intervals, and complications were recorded. ...
La Placa Simona - - 2013
VATER association was first described in 1972 by Quan and Smith as an acronym which identifies a non-random co-occurrence of Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Tracheoesophageal fistula and/or Esophageal atresia, Radial dysplasia. It is even possible to find out Cardiovascular, Renal and Limb anomalies and the acronym VACTERL was adopted, also, ...
Urbanova W - - 2013
Objective: To determine the incidence of nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate in the Czech Republic among infants born during 1994-2008 as well as to define the ratio per live births and sex ratios. Another aim was to determine whether there was any trend in the incidence in this time period.Design: ...
El Nadi Enas - - 2013
Background. Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children. Fifty percent of RMS cases occur in the first 10 years of life and less commonly in infants younger than one-year old. These infants require adapted multimodality treatment approaches. Patients and Methods. We analyzed patients' characteristics, treatment modalities, and ...
Khazaei Hossein Ali - - 2013
Preterm birth means the birth before thirty seven week of pregnancy that causes a lot of complications for the baby. Variety factors are suggested to be involved in disease. In this study, we decided to evaluate haptoglobin (Hp) phenotypes association with clinical features of patients suffered from premature delivery to ...
Rajpara Anand - - 2013
Our patient is a 26-week-old preterm female infant delivered by caesarean section secondary to severe maternal preeclampsia who had been receiving subcutaneous recombinant erythropoietin (r-EPO) for anemia of prematurity. At 8 weeks of age after 8 doses of r-EPO, the infant developed numerous non-blanching erythematous macules and patches located on ...
Giezendanner Stéphanie - - 2013
In schizophrenia there is a consistent epidemiological finding of a birth excess in winter and spring. Season of birth is thought to act as a proxy indicator for harmful environmental factors during foetal maturation. There is evidence that prenatal exposure to harmful environmental factors may trigger pathologic processes in the ...
Kadam Manjushree - - 2013
Natal/neonatal teeth are reported to be more common among clefts and congenital anomalies. Data exclusively among clefts is sparse. The aim was to evaluate prevalence of natal teeth among cleft lip and palate neonates and review the causes, presentation, associated anomalies, complications and management. Out of 641operated patients, records of ...
Kimata Takahisa - - 2013
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is common condition in infants with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs). Both VUR and febrile UTIs are risk factors for renal scars, characterized by glomerular hypertrophy with global or segmental sclerosis as cardinal features in pathology. Because renal scars may cause hypertension or chronic kidney diseases in ...
Minkoff Howard - - 2013
Home births continue to constitute only a small percentage of all deliveries in the United States, in part because of concerns about their safety. While the literature is decidedly mixed in regard to the degree of risk, there are several studies that report that home birth may at times entail ...
Lee Seung Mi - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine whether acute histologic chorioamnionitis is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants who were born after preterm PROM. The relationship between the presence of acute histologic chorioamnionitis and adverse neonatal outcome was examined in patients with preterm PROM who delivered ...
Einarsdóttir Kristjana K Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia. - - 2013
Mothers delivering as private patients in Australia have a high rate of assisted deliveries, which could lead to adverse infant outcomes in this group of patients. We investigated whether the risk of adverse infant outcomes after assisted deliveries was different for mothers admitted as public or private patients for delivery, ...
Montufar-Rueda Carlos C Critical Care Obstetrics Unit, Complejo Hospitalario, Caja de Seguro Social, Bella Vista, Panama City, - - 2013
Objective. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an important cause of maternal mortality (MM) around the world. Seventy percent of the PPH corresponds to uterine atony. The objective of our study was to evaluate multicenter PPH cases during a 10-month period, and evaluate severe postpartum hemorrhage management. Study Design. The study population ...
Chamaria Komal K Department of Radio-Diagnosis, R. L. Jalappa Hospital and Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, - - 2013
Perineal ectopic anus in female infants is not a very uncommon congenital anorectal anomaly with opening into the low vaginal or vulvar region. However, ectopic anus with barrel gun perineum is a less common variety. Patients generally present with frequent history of constipation, but may seek medical help for just ...
Thygesen Sandra Kruchov SK Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2013
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) is the most common respiratory disease in preterm infants, and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Valid data on IRDS are important in clinical epidemiological research. The objective of this study was to estimate the positive predictive value (PPV) of the IRDS diagnosis registered ...
Claud Erika C EC Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Preterm infants represent a unique patient population that is born functionally immature and must accomplish development under the influence of a hospital environment. Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory intestinal disorder affecting preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the progression of intestinal microbiota community development ...
Rangarajan Vithal V Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2013
An 8-month-old male infant had presented with a history of a fall from the crib a fortnight ago. He had developed progressive weakness of both lower limbs. On examination, the infant had spastic paraplegia. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the cervical spine showed an epidural hematoma extending from the fourth ...
Schulz Matthias - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Neuroendoscopic procedures became essential in neurosurgical treatment of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. While a vast number of papers report on the neuroendoscopic experience for adults and children, no series so far reported on techniques and indications for neonate infants. We present our experience for the feasibility of neuroendoscopic procedures ...
Klebermass-Schrehof Katrin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Intraventricular haemorrhage is still the most common cause of brain lesion in preterm infants and development of a posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) can lead to additional neurological sequelae. Flash visual evoked potentials (fVEP) and amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) are non-invasive neurophysiological monitoring tools. The aim of the study was to ...
van Kaam Anton H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of hypo- and hyper-capnia in a European cohort of ventilated newborn infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Two-point cross-sectional prospective study in 173 European neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patient characteristics, ventilator settings and measurements, and blood gas analyses were collected for endotracheally ventilated newborn ...
Debus Angelika - - 2012
Purpose:To assess whether chronic lung disease (CLD) in surviving infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with lung hypoplasia on the basis of the results of antenatal observed-to-expected fetal lung volume (FLV) ratio measurement at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.Materials and Methods:The study received approval from the institutional review board, ...
Hashimoto Kazumasa - - 2012
Abstract Aims: To test if an isolated finding of low-normal amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the early third trimester in low-risk patients is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohort study with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies that had ultrasound studies between 28.0 and 31.9 weeks' gestation. Two cohorts with AFI ...
Segbefia C I - - 2012
We report a case of a previously well nine-month-old infant who presented with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia. A diagnosis of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) was made during the course of hospital admission. There was good initial response to dexamethasone but the patient died less than two months after diagnosis. This ...
Jia Jianye - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in treating infant melamine-induced single urolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2009 and July 2010, 189 infants and young children with single melamine-induced urolithiasis were referred to our center for treatment by ESWL. There were 17 patients with proximal ...
Machado Rodrigo - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Little is known about the relationship between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) episodes and sleep interruptions infants. AIM:: To evaluate the relationship between GER and the incidence of sleep interruptions in infants. METHODS:: Study patients included 24 infants (age < 1 yr) referred for multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal pH monitoring ...
Chang Chuan-Yaw - - 2012
The antenatal diagnosis of aortic dissection carries a grave prognosis. Although cases of pregnant women with Marfan syndrome have been encountered, resulting in either sudden death or emergency surgery at diagnosis, of the patients that survive to delivery, cesarean section is associated with the risk of anesthesia and manipulation of ...
Gross Abby - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We utilized the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II to close tubular patent ductus arteriosus (DA) in infants. BACKGROUND: Despite advancements in device design, catheter-based therapy for the DA of tubular morphology has been problematic. Likewise, the currently available devices are not designed to close DA's in small, often premature infants ...
Khoury Michael - - 2012
Patients with severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction in tetralogy of Fallot typically have right-to-left shunting, resulting in low pulmonary blood flow and cyanosis. Here we present the case of an infant with tetralogy of Fallot and severe pulmonary valve stenosis, complicated by systemic hypertension, the presence of which altered ...
Ishikawa Nobustune - - 2012
The 18q23 deletion syndrome is characterized by diverse neurological and psychiatric features, including developmental delays, epilepsy, and autism. We report on a female infant with an 18q23 deletion who displayed atypical periodic dystonic postures. Video-electroencephalography recordings were used to evaluate the involuntary nonepileptic movements in the infant. Although nonepileptic involuntary ...
Carrillo-Casas Erika Margarita - - 2012
Nosocomial infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The aim of this paper was to describe an outbreak of Escherichia coli among infants admitted to the NICU of the General Hospital "Dr. Manuel Gea Gonzalez" in May of 2008. ...
Heo Ju Sun - - 2012
Mucolipidosis II (ML II) or inclusion cell disease (I-cell disease) is a rarely occurring autosomal recessive lysosomal enzyme-targeting disease. This disease is usually found to occur in individuals aged between 6 and 12 months, with a clinical phenotype resembling that of Hurler syndrome and radiological findings resembling those of dysostosis ...
Cressman Alex M - - 2012
In my practice several patients have struggled with cocaine abuse during their pregnancies. One woman, now postpartum, wants to breastfeed her infant. Despite being abstinent for the final few months of her pregnancy, I am concerned about the potential adverse effects on her child if she happens to relapse. What ...
Gomez Borja - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Procalcitonin (PCT) has been introduced in many European protocols for the management of febrile children. Its value among young, well-appearing infants, however, is not completely defined. Our objective was to assess its performance in diagnosing serious bacterial infections and specifically invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in well-appearing infants aged ...
Lin Hsiao-Chuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fungemia in preterm infants is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This study reports an outbreak of unusual fungemia in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Ten Candida pelliculosa bloodstream isolates were identified from six infants hospitalized in the NICU from February to March 2009. Environmental study ...
Sharp Justin - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Human Parechovirus (HPeV) causes central nervous system (CNS) infection in infants. To further understand HPeV CNS infection, we describe its clinical, laboratory and epidemiologic characteristics from a Midwestern U.S. tertiary care center. Because HPeV CNS infections have appeared clinically and seasonally similar to enterovirus (EV) infections, we retrospectively compared ...
Makki M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Neonates with severe CHD require CPB within the first days of life. White matter injury can occur before surgery, and this may impair the long-term neurodevelopmental and psychosocial outcome. The purpose of this study was to assess the microstructural development of the CC in infants with CHD before ...
Iannucci Glen J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising enterocolitis is a rare, though catastrophic complication that may occur in term newborns with congenital heart disease. There is considerable controversy regarding the factors that lead to necrotising enterocolitis in this population. We sought to determine the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis among term and near-term newborns with congenital ...
Pulido Jose J Perelman School of Medicine, the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a cutaneous infection most commonly associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa sepsis. EG generally occurs in immunocompromised hosts, such as patients with severe neutropenia. EG presents as erythematous, hemorrhagic, or necrotic macules or plaques, most commonly in the perineal or gluteal areas, but can occur elsewhere. EG is ...
Radha P - - 2012
Introduction: This study aimed to assess maternal and perinatal outcomes following second stage Caesarean sections. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in a Singapore-based tertiary referral centre from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009. The medical records of all the women who underwent emergency Caesarean sections in the second ...
Fouilloux Virginie V Department of Thoracic and Cardio-Vascular Surgery, Hôpital d'enfants de la Timone, Marseille, - - 2012
To report our experience with perventricular closure of muscular (apical) ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in small infants, with echocardiographic guidance only, in a nonhybrid suite. Eight infants with nine large muscular (apical) VSDs underwent perventricular device closure in a nonhybrid operating room, with transesophageal and epicardial echocardiography guidance, at a ...
Nayak P P - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Airway evaluation following infant cardiac surgery often reveals evidence of tracheobronchial narrowing. We studied the association between airway narrowing and extubation failure (EF) in this population. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of infants (age ≤6 months) from March-September 2009. Flexible bronchoscopy (FB) evaluations were obtained using a standardised protocol ...
Shuan Wang Lai - - 2012
We report a case of cardiac tamponade due to air leak and fatal pneumopericardium that occurred after commercial flight transportation of a premature infant with chronic lung disease without respiratory distress. We review and discuss aspects of flight pathophysiology, and conclude that careful preparation before, and close monitoring during, commercial ...
No Sol Ji - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD), an acute febrile vasculitis, is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in infants and young children. However, the diagnosis of infantile KD can be difficult or delayed due to vague clinical manifestations. This current study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics and cardiac complications of ...
Thakkar Bhavesh B Department of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, U N Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. - - 2012
To evaluate prospective single centre experience of mid-term safety and efficacy of perventricular device closure of isolated large muscular ventricular septal defect (mVSD) in high-risk infants. Surgical closures of large mVSD in infants represent a challenge with significant morbidity. Between August 2008-2010, perventricular closure was attempted in 24 infants of ...
Karlsson Mathias - - 2012
Aim:  Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increases in several critical conditions that cause cell damage and could potentially be used for early detection of serious illness in the newborn. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between the early clinical course of NICU infants and LDH in plasma at admission. Methods:  LDH ...
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