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Results 201 - 250 of 1038
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Trittmann J K JK Ohio Perinatal Research Network, Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 700 Children's Drive, Research Building III, WB 5245, Columbus, OH 43205, USA. - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that the use of supplemental oxygen (sO2) at discharge from the NICU in extremely preterm neonates is associated with a greater risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18 months corrected gestational age (CGA) than the risk of NDI of those neonates discharged in room air. Four ...
Araki Yasukiyo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Month of birth has been associated with the environmental factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed to investigate whether individuals with MS had significantly different frequencies of birth in a particular month of the year, and whether month-of-birth patterns were influenced by the longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesions ...
Cozzi C - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether differences exist in the location of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) versus those without CHD.Study design:Retrospective cohort study utilizing 11 years of patient data. Inclusion criterion was surgical exploration for NEC. Presence or absence of CHD was determined. Surgical and/or pathology reports ...
Turabelidze George - - 2013
We investigated Bacillus cereus-positive tracheal aspirates from infants on ventilators in a neonatal intensive care unit. Multilocus sequence typing determined a genetic match between strains isolated from samples from a case-patient and from the air flow sensor in the ventilator. Changing the sterilization method for sensors to steam autoclaving stopped ...
Beres Alana L - - 2013
Delaying surgery for infants with CDH until they achieve clinical stability is common practice. Stability, however, is inconsistently defined, and many infants fail to reach pre-established criteria. We sought to determine if infants undergoing surgery without meeting pre-established criteria could achieve meaningful survival. All infants in the CAPSNet database were ...
Demirel G - - 2013
As scant information is present about the effect of water birth on newborns, we aimed to detect the fetal outcomes of water birth. A hundred and ninety one among totally 220 newborns who were born by water birth were enrolled. The demographic and clinical features of the patients, birth complications, ...
Lorusso Vincenzo - - 2013
Here we describe a case of paediatric visceral leishmaniasis recorded in an infant initially suspected for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia due to the clinical and haematological presentation. Eventually the patient was found positive for Leishmania infantum infection and successfully treated. This case emphasises how pivotal a 'One Health' approach is for ...
Cevey-Macherel Manon - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Subependymal pseudocysts (SEPC) are cerebral periventricular cysts located on the floor of the lateral ventricle and result from regression of the germinal matrix. They are increasingly diagnosed on neonatal cranial ultrasound. While associated pathologies are reported, information about long-term prognosis is missing, and we aimed to investigate long-term follow-up ...
Burgmeier Christine - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether cardiac anomalies are a reasonable contraindication to laparoscopic surgery in infants. METHODS: Between January 2004 and January 2013, 131 term and preterm infants with cardiac anomalies underwent laparoscopic surgery within the first 6 months of life. In this retrospective study type ...
Goelz Rangmar - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Long-term follow-up data on preterm infants with breast milk-acquired postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are sparse. AIM: To systematically evaluate the long-term cognitive outcome and prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) in patients after postnatal CMV infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All surviving infants <1500 g born in our centre between 1 ...
Sommerfleck Patricia - - 2013
The true incidence of acute otitis media (AOM) in neonates and infants younger than three months is unknown. In this population organisms causing AOM may disseminate leading to bacteremia, sepsis, and meningitis [1]. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical presentation, associated severe infections, bacteriologic etiology, and antibiotic resistance patterns of organisms ...
Takahashi Shigehiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is associated with cardiovascular malformation. Many prognostic factors have been identified for isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia; however, reports of concurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia and cardiovascular malformation in infants are limited. This study evaluated congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with cardiovascular malformation in infants. Factors associated with prognosis ...
Bhandari Anita - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the commonest cause of chronic lung disease in infancy. The incidence of BPD has remained unchanged despite many advances in neonatal care. BPD starts in the neonatal period but its effects can persist long term. Premature infants with BPD have a greater incidence of hospitalization, and ...
Couser Natario L - - 2013
We report 3 patients who were delivered prematurely and who developed a lens opacity with signs of ocular inflammation at a postgestational age of 10-52 weeks. All patients had been treated for Candida sepsis as neonates. Each patient underwent lensectomy and anterior vitrectomy. In 2 infants Candida albicans was cultured ...
Petersson Rajanya S - - 2013
We report a case of alobar holoprosencephaly (HPE) and cebocephaly associated with uncontrolled maternal type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Alobar HPE is the most severe form of HPE. Patients with cebocephaly have ocular hypotelorism and a proboscis with a single, blind-ended nostril. Shortly after our patient was born, we were ...
Chau Destiny - - 2013
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) presenting beyond the neonatal period is commonly perceived to be rare. With reported frequencies of 2.6% to 20% of all CDH, it may be an overlooked cause of mortality. Variable symptomatology makes its diagnosis challenging. We report the sudden death of a 3-month-old patient shortly after ...
Ceglie Giovanna Rita Di GR 48 Pickwick Road, London, SE21 7JW. - - 2013
Orientation is viewed in this paper as an important dimension of containment for the development of thinking. Orientation refers to the particular positioning in space and time of mother and infant so they can find one another and then containment can take place. Bion's container-contained model for the development of ...
Ulusoy Ezgi - - 2013
Thrombocytopenia is one of the most common hematological abnormalities found in neonates. The causes, treatment modalities, and outcomes of neonatal thrombocytopenia have to be evaluated for providing better care and follow-up. In this study, our aim was to assess the prevalence, causes, treatment modalities, and outcomes of thrombocytopenia in neonates. ...
Ozkale Yasemin - - 2013
Levetiracetam is one of the new anticonvulsant drugs that has a high therapeutic index and potential antiepileptogenic effects. Herein, we report a patient with multidrug refractory epilepsy and Ohtahara syndrome who was accidentally administered 300 mg/kg/d for 35 days by her mother. To our knowledge, there are only a few ...
Mazela Jan - - 2013
Abstract Background: Aerosolized medications that have been used in infants receiving ventilatory support have not been shown to be effective clinically among the smallest patients. The aim of this study was to characterize the delivery of aerosolized albuterol sulfate in vitro under simulated neonatal ventilatory conditions using a novel ventilator ...
Yu Jeong Jin - - 2013
Ebstein's anomaly is frequently detected before birth, with prenatal detection accounting for the majority of cases in the current population. This study aimed to identify the outcome variables among these infants. The medical records of 59 patients with neonatal Ebstein's anomaly managed at the Asan Medical Center between January, 2001 ...
Janus Dominika - - 2013
Isolated scrotal hair development in infancy is a rare disorder that has not been well characterized in the literature. We present a retrospective analysis of 5 male patients referred to the Endocrine Department at the age of 3 to 6 months for the assessment of isolated scrotal hair development. There ...
Chen Yi-Hsing - - 2013
Background: To understand the characteristics, ophthalmic outcomes, and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in patients with birth weight (BW) greater than 1500 g. The applicability of the ROP screening criteria to the Taiwanese population was also examined. Methods: The study included 104 eyes from 54 ROP patients who ...
Demir Hülya - - 2013
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is used as a tumor marker for hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatoblastoma and germ cell tumors. It may also be elevated in infants with some hepatobiliary disorders. The mechanism of AFP elevation in neonatal cholestasis is not known. We retrospectively evaluated serum AFP levels in 53 infants with neonatal cholestasis. ...
Bildik Hacer Neslihan - - 2013
We present two cases of Rhodococcus equi bacteremia as a cause of sepsis in premature infants who had increasing respiratory distress with multiple episodes of apnea. When we investigated these infants for apnea etiology, blood cultures were taken, and R. equi was confirmed based on the colony characteristics on nutrient ...
Raj Sunil Saksena SS Public Health Foundation of India , New Delhi , - - 2013
Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India with the second highest reported maternal mortality ratio in the country. In an effort to analyze the reasons for maternal deaths and implement appropriate interventions, the Government of India introduced Maternal Death Review guidelines in 2010. We assessed causes of ...
Sethi Neeraj N Pinderfields Hospital, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Ankyloglossia is a common, congenital abnormality often causing feeding difficulties in infants. This study aimed to evaluate indications and outcomes of frenulotomy performed in infants with ankyloglossia for breast-feeding difficulties. 85 patients were prospectively identified as they underwent frenulotomy in Pinderfields Hospital ENT outpatient department between February 2008 and February ...
Kohli Vikas - - 2013
Propranolol and digoxin have been used as first line drugs for treatment of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in infants. Flecainide and other drugs have been effective as a second line treatment for controlling refractory SVT. This is a prospective study without randomization and control. The inclusion criteria were: infants (≤12 months) ...
Stewart Christopher James - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence suggests that microbial communities in the preterm gut may influence the development of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and sepsis. Existing data often neglect fungi and whether bacteria were metabolically active or not. We sought to characterise the bacterial and fungal stool flora of preterm neonates and organism ...
Lai Yin-Hsuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic indicators of neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizure. METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational hospital-based study. Term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizure between January 1999 and December 2009 were enrolled. Adverse outcomes were defined as ...
Askie Lisa M - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New evidence is emerging to address the continued uncertainty regarding the optimal range to target oxygen saturation levels in preterm infants. RECENT FINDINGS: A recently published systematic review summarized the existing evidence for currently used oxygen saturation targets in preterm infants and highlighted the paucity of randomized ...
Hirschhorn Ariel Israel - - 2013
The authors describe the conservative management of a rare case of unicystic ameloblastoma (mural subtype) in a 10-month-old girl, the youngest patient reported thus far in the literature. Rather than subject the infant to further surgery, it was decided to monitor her closely and perform an additional operation in the ...
Dotan Moshe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vascular hemangiomas are considered to be a common finding among neonates and infants. The presence of five or more cutaneous hemangiomas may carry a higher incidence of multiple organ involvement MATERIALS & METHODS: An eleven week old female infant with high cardiac output heart failure and multiple cutaneous hemangiomas ...
Terra Vera C - - 2013
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is defined as sudden, unexpected, witnessed or unwitnessed, non-traumatic, and non-drowning death in a patient with epilepsy. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy is probably the most common cause of epilepsy-related deaths. Many predisposing and initiating factors may coexist and contribute to SUDEP, but the ...
Alioglu Bulent - - 2013
The aim was to assess the myocardial functions in infants with iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The findings of 22 infants with IDA and 16 healthy infants were compared. Complete blood count in all infants, serum iron level, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), and serum ferritin level in patients were evaluated. ...
Koivusalo Antti I - - 2013
The aim of this study was assessment of the contemporary outcomes of oesophageal atresia (OA) in a national paediatric surgical centre. A review of the hospital records of all patients who underwent repair of oesophageal atresia (OA) in our institute between 1991 and 2011 was performed. The study included 130 ...
Aronson Paul L - - 2013
The febrile young infant is commonly encountered in the emergency department, and the incidence of serious bacterial infection in these patients is as high as 15%. Undiagnosed bacterial infections such as meningitis and bacteremia can lead to overwhelming sepsis and death or neurologic sequelae. Undetected urinary tract infection can lead ...
Rhee Yoona Y Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics & Communicable - - 2013
Citrullinemia type I (CTLN1) is an inherited urea cycle disorder, now included in most newborn screening panels in the US and Europe. Due to argininosuccinate synthetase deficiency, CTLN1 can lead to recurrent hyperammonemic crisis that may result in permanent neurologic sequelae. Vomiting in patients with urea cycle disorders may either ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower respiratory tract infections multiply morbidity and mortality within patients with significant congenital heart disease (CHD). For respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), one of the most important pathogens, immunoprophylaxis with palivizumab has successfully been introduced. The question is which patients will benefit most from this costly preventive treatment. ...
Liebrechts-Akkerman Germaine - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study histological variations and abnormalities in Unclassified Sudden Infant Death (USID) including Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in The Netherland. Design: two hundred Dutch USID cases between 1984 and 2005 were identified. The histology slides and autopsy reports of 187 cases were available for systematic review, including ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2013
This article is an overview of NEC in term neonates and also summarizes data from 52 cases within Intermountain Healthcare during the last 11 years. In all 52, NEC occurred among neonates already admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit for some other reason; thus, NEC invariably developed as a ...
Moore James E - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis affects up to 10% of neonates who are born weighing less than 1500 g. It has a high rate of morbidity and mortality, and predicting infants who will be affected has so far been unsuccessful. In this article, a number of new methods are discussed from the literature ...
Jung Hyunju - - 2013
Congenital hypothyroidism is a common pediatric endocrine disease. Endocrine disruptors are indicated as a possible cause of congenital hypothyroidism. We investigated the associations between endocrine disruptors and the occurrence of congenital hypothyroidism and passage of target compounds from the mother. The levels of phthalates (DEHP, MEHP, DBP, MBP and PA), ...
Moreira Alvaro - - 2013
AIM: The goal of this study is to describe secondary hyperparathyroidism in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) neonates and their response to enteral calcium carbonate (CaCO(3) ) supplementation. METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted on extremely low birth infants, <1000 g birthweight, who survived hospitalisation, had no major congenital anomalies and ...
Ezegwui Hu - - 2013
Maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa has remained high and this is a reflection of the poor quality of maternal services. To determine the causes, trends, and level of maternal mortality rate in Abakaliki, Ebonyi. This was a review of the records of all maternal deaths related to pregnancy over a ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2013
The relationship between congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and multiple pregnancy has not been fully studied in Japan. Complete nationwide data of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in Japan from 2005 to 2009 presented by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, which include information on CH and birth defects were used for ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
The most controversial issue in organ donation after the circulatory determination of death is whether the donor was truly dead at the moment death is declared. My colleagues and I further analyzed this issue by showing the relevance of the distinction between the "permanent" and the "irreversible" loss of circulatory ...
Adams Elizabeth E - - 2013
Coarctation is a congenital narrowing of the aorta that often requires repair during infancy. The subclavian flap aortoplasty was once widely favored for its avoidance of a circumferential suture line and low incidence of recoarctation. The aim of this study is to report the long-term results of the subclavian flap ...
Epstein Ilan J - - 2013
The authors report the formation of hard exudates and macular scarring after laser photocoagulation therapy in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Two premature neonates, the first born at 24 weeks and the second at 25 weeks gestational age, were diagnosed as having ROP that necessitated laser photocoagulation treatment at ...
Van der Kaay D C M - - 2013
Both transverse lie and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. We present a neonate born at 29 weeks gestation with severe birth trauma after PPROM and transverse lie. The patient had extensive swelling and areas of desquamated and necrotic skin of the right ...
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