Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1016
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Janus Dominika - - 2013
Isolated scrotal hair development in infancy is a rare disorder that has not been well characterized in the literature. We present a retrospective analysis of 5 male patients referred to the Endocrine Department at the age of 3 to 6 months for the assessment of isolated scrotal hair development. There ...
Chen Yi-Hsing - - 2013
Background: To understand the characteristics, ophthalmic outcomes, and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in patients with birth weight (BW) greater than 1500 g. The applicability of the ROP screening criteria to the Taiwanese population was also examined. Methods: The study included 104 eyes from 54 ROP patients who ...
Demir Hülya - - 2013
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is used as a tumor marker for hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatoblastoma and germ cell tumors. It may also be elevated in infants with some hepatobiliary disorders. The mechanism of AFP elevation in neonatal cholestasis is not known. We retrospectively evaluated serum AFP levels in 53 infants with neonatal cholestasis. ...
Bildik Hacer Neslihan - - 2013
We present two cases of Rhodococcus equi bacteremia as a cause of sepsis in premature infants who had increasing respiratory distress with multiple episodes of apnea. When we investigated these infants for apnea etiology, blood cultures were taken, and R. equi was confirmed based on the colony characteristics on nutrient ...
Sethi Neeraj N Pinderfields Hospital, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Ankyloglossia is a common, congenital abnormality often causing feeding difficulties in infants. This study aimed to evaluate indications and outcomes of frenulotomy performed in infants with ankyloglossia for breast-feeding difficulties. 85 patients were prospectively identified as they underwent frenulotomy in Pinderfields Hospital ENT outpatient department between February 2008 and February ...
Kohli Vikas - - 2013
Propranolol and digoxin have been used as first line drugs for treatment of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in infants. Flecainide and other drugs have been effective as a second line treatment for controlling refractory SVT. This is a prospective study without randomization and control. The inclusion criteria were: infants (≤12 months) ...
Stewart Christopher James - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence suggests that microbial communities in the preterm gut may influence the development of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and sepsis. Existing data often neglect fungi and whether bacteria were metabolically active or not. We sought to characterise the bacterial and fungal stool flora of preterm neonates and organism ...
Lai Yin-Hsuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic indicators of neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizure. METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational hospital-based study. Term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizure between January 1999 and December 2009 were enrolled. Adverse outcomes were defined as ...
Askie Lisa M - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New evidence is emerging to address the continued uncertainty regarding the optimal range to target oxygen saturation levels in preterm infants. RECENT FINDINGS: A recently published systematic review summarized the existing evidence for currently used oxygen saturation targets in preterm infants and highlighted the paucity of randomized ...
Hirschhorn Ariel Israel - - 2013
The authors describe the conservative management of a rare case of unicystic ameloblastoma (mural subtype) in a 10-month-old girl, the youngest patient reported thus far in the literature. Rather than subject the infant to further surgery, it was decided to monitor her closely and perform an additional operation in the ...
Dotan Moshe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vascular hemangiomas are considered to be a common finding among neonates and infants. The presence of five or more cutaneous hemangiomas may carry a higher incidence of multiple organ involvement MATERIALS & METHODS: An eleven week old female infant with high cardiac output heart failure and multiple cutaneous hemangiomas ...
Terra Vera C - - 2013
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is defined as sudden, unexpected, witnessed or unwitnessed, non-traumatic, and non-drowning death in a patient with epilepsy. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy is probably the most common cause of epilepsy-related deaths. Many predisposing and initiating factors may coexist and contribute to SUDEP, but the ...
Alioglu Bulent - - 2013
The aim was to assess the myocardial functions in infants with iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The findings of 22 infants with IDA and 16 healthy infants were compared. Complete blood count in all infants, serum iron level, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), and serum ferritin level in patients were evaluated. ...
Koivusalo Antti I - - 2013
The aim of this study was assessment of the contemporary outcomes of oesophageal atresia (OA) in a national paediatric surgical centre. A review of the hospital records of all patients who underwent repair of oesophageal atresia (OA) in our institute between 1991 and 2011 was performed. The study included 130 ...
Aronson Paul L - - 2013
The febrile young infant is commonly encountered in the emergency department, and the incidence of serious bacterial infection in these patients is as high as 15%. Undiagnosed bacterial infections such as meningitis and bacteremia can lead to overwhelming sepsis and death or neurologic sequelae. Undetected urinary tract infection can lead ...
Rhee Yoona Y Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics & Communicable - - 2013
Citrullinemia type I (CTLN1) is an inherited urea cycle disorder, now included in most newborn screening panels in the US and Europe. Due to argininosuccinate synthetase deficiency, CTLN1 can lead to recurrent hyperammonemic crisis that may result in permanent neurologic sequelae. Vomiting in patients with urea cycle disorders may either ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower respiratory tract infections multiply morbidity and mortality within patients with significant congenital heart disease (CHD). For respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), one of the most important pathogens, immunoprophylaxis with palivizumab has successfully been introduced. The question is which patients will benefit most from this costly preventive treatment. ...
Liebrechts-Akkerman Germaine - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study histological variations and abnormalities in Unclassified Sudden Infant Death (USID) including Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in The Netherland. Design: two hundred Dutch USID cases between 1984 and 2005 were identified. The histology slides and autopsy reports of 187 cases were available for systematic review, including ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2013
This article is an overview of NEC in term neonates and also summarizes data from 52 cases within Intermountain Healthcare during the last 11 years. In all 52, NEC occurred among neonates already admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit for some other reason; thus, NEC invariably developed as a ...
Moore James E - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis affects up to 10% of neonates who are born weighing less than 1500 g. It has a high rate of morbidity and mortality, and predicting infants who will be affected has so far been unsuccessful. In this article, a number of new methods are discussed from the literature ...
Jung Hyunju - - 2013
Congenital hypothyroidism is a common pediatric endocrine disease. Endocrine disruptors are indicated as a possible cause of congenital hypothyroidism. We investigated the associations between endocrine disruptors and the occurrence of congenital hypothyroidism and passage of target compounds from the mother. The levels of phthalates (DEHP, MEHP, DBP, MBP and PA), ...
Moreira Alvaro - - 2013
AIM: The goal of this study is to describe secondary hyperparathyroidism in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) neonates and their response to enteral calcium carbonate (CaCO(3) ) supplementation. METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted on extremely low birth infants, <1000 g birthweight, who survived hospitalisation, had no major congenital anomalies and ...
Ezegwui Hu - - 2013
Maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa has remained high and this is a reflection of the poor quality of maternal services. To determine the causes, trends, and level of maternal mortality rate in Abakaliki, Ebonyi. This was a review of the records of all maternal deaths related to pregnancy over a ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2013
The relationship between congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and multiple pregnancy has not been fully studied in Japan. Complete nationwide data of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in Japan from 2005 to 2009 presented by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, which include information on CH and birth defects were used for ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
The most controversial issue in organ donation after the circulatory determination of death is whether the donor was truly dead at the moment death is declared. My colleagues and I further analyzed this issue by showing the relevance of the distinction between the "permanent" and the "irreversible" loss of circulatory ...
Adams Elizabeth E - - 2013
Coarctation is a congenital narrowing of the aorta that often requires repair during infancy. The subclavian flap aortoplasty was once widely favored for its avoidance of a circumferential suture line and low incidence of recoarctation. The aim of this study is to report the long-term results of the subclavian flap ...
Epstein Ilan J - - 2013
The authors report the formation of hard exudates and macular scarring after laser photocoagulation therapy in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Two premature neonates, the first born at 24 weeks and the second at 25 weeks gestational age, were diagnosed as having ROP that necessitated laser photocoagulation treatment at ...
Van der Kaay D C M - - 2013
Both transverse lie and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. We present a neonate born at 29 weeks gestation with severe birth trauma after PPROM and transverse lie. The patient had extensive swelling and areas of desquamated and necrotic skin of the right ...
Tokgöz Orhan - - 2013
Bacground. To investigate the anesthetic management in premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injections. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed for the patients with ROP who had IVB injection. Clinical characteristics, demographic variables, anesthetic medications, operation techniques, time intervals, and complications were recorded. ...
La Placa Simona - - 2013
VATER association was first described in 1972 by Quan and Smith as an acronym which identifies a non-random co-occurrence of Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Tracheoesophageal fistula and/or Esophageal atresia, Radial dysplasia. It is even possible to find out Cardiovascular, Renal and Limb anomalies and the acronym VACTERL was adopted, also, ...
Urbanova W - - 2013
Objective: To determine the incidence of nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate in the Czech Republic among infants born during 1994-2008 as well as to define the ratio per live births and sex ratios. Another aim was to determine whether there was any trend in the incidence in this time period.Design: ...
El Nadi Enas - - 2013
Background. Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children. Fifty percent of RMS cases occur in the first 10 years of life and less commonly in infants younger than one-year old. These infants require adapted multimodality treatment approaches. Patients and Methods. We analyzed patients' characteristics, treatment modalities, and ...
Khazaei Hossein Ali - - 2013
Preterm birth means the birth before thirty seven week of pregnancy that causes a lot of complications for the baby. Variety factors are suggested to be involved in disease. In this study, we decided to evaluate haptoglobin (Hp) phenotypes association with clinical features of patients suffered from premature delivery to ...
Rajpara Anand - - 2013
Our patient is a 26-week-old preterm female infant delivered by caesarean section secondary to severe maternal preeclampsia who had been receiving subcutaneous recombinant erythropoietin (r-EPO) for anemia of prematurity. At 8 weeks of age after 8 doses of r-EPO, the infant developed numerous non-blanching erythematous macules and patches located on ...
Giezendanner Stéphanie - - 2013
In schizophrenia there is a consistent epidemiological finding of a birth excess in winter and spring. Season of birth is thought to act as a proxy indicator for harmful environmental factors during foetal maturation. There is evidence that prenatal exposure to harmful environmental factors may trigger pathologic processes in the ...
Kadam Manjushree - - 2013
Natal/neonatal teeth are reported to be more common among clefts and congenital anomalies. Data exclusively among clefts is sparse. The aim was to evaluate prevalence of natal teeth among cleft lip and palate neonates and review the causes, presentation, associated anomalies, complications and management. Out of 641operated patients, records of ...
Kimata Takahisa - - 2013
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is common condition in infants with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs). Both VUR and febrile UTIs are risk factors for renal scars, characterized by glomerular hypertrophy with global or segmental sclerosis as cardinal features in pathology. Because renal scars may cause hypertension or chronic kidney diseases in ...
Minkoff Howard - - 2013
Home births continue to constitute only a small percentage of all deliveries in the United States, in part because of concerns about their safety. While the literature is decidedly mixed in regard to the degree of risk, there are several studies that report that home birth may at times entail ...
Lee Seung Mi - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine whether acute histologic chorioamnionitis is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants who were born after preterm PROM. The relationship between the presence of acute histologic chorioamnionitis and adverse neonatal outcome was examined in patients with preterm PROM who delivered ...
Einarsdóttir Kristjana K Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia. - - 2013
Mothers delivering as private patients in Australia have a high rate of assisted deliveries, which could lead to adverse infant outcomes in this group of patients. We investigated whether the risk of adverse infant outcomes after assisted deliveries was different for mothers admitted as public or private patients for delivery, ...
Montufar-Rueda Carlos C Critical Care Obstetrics Unit, Complejo Hospitalario, Caja de Seguro Social, Bella Vista, Panama City, - - 2013
Objective. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an important cause of maternal mortality (MM) around the world. Seventy percent of the PPH corresponds to uterine atony. The objective of our study was to evaluate multicenter PPH cases during a 10-month period, and evaluate severe postpartum hemorrhage management. Study Design. The study population ...
Rangarajan Vithal V Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2013
An 8-month-old male infant had presented with a history of a fall from the crib a fortnight ago. He had developed progressive weakness of both lower limbs. On examination, the infant had spastic paraplegia. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the cervical spine showed an epidural hematoma extending from the fourth ...
Chamaria Komal K Department of Radio-Diagnosis, R. L. Jalappa Hospital and Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, - - 2013
Perineal ectopic anus in female infants is not a very uncommon congenital anorectal anomaly with opening into the low vaginal or vulvar region. However, ectopic anus with barrel gun perineum is a less common variety. Patients generally present with frequent history of constipation, but may seek medical help for just ...
Thygesen Sandra Kruchov SK Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2013
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) is the most common respiratory disease in preterm infants, and is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Valid data on IRDS are important in clinical epidemiological research. The objective of this study was to estimate the positive predictive value (PPV) of the IRDS diagnosis registered ...
Claud Erika C EC Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Preterm infants represent a unique patient population that is born functionally immature and must accomplish development under the influence of a hospital environment. Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory intestinal disorder affecting preterm infants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the progression of intestinal microbiota community development ...
Schulz Matthias - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Neuroendoscopic procedures became essential in neurosurgical treatment of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. While a vast number of papers report on the neuroendoscopic experience for adults and children, no series so far reported on techniques and indications for neonate infants. We present our experience for the feasibility of neuroendoscopic procedures ...
Klebermass-Schrehof Katrin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Intraventricular haemorrhage is still the most common cause of brain lesion in preterm infants and development of a posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) can lead to additional neurological sequelae. Flash visual evoked potentials (fVEP) and amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) are non-invasive neurophysiological monitoring tools. The aim of the study was to ...
van Kaam Anton H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of hypo- and hyper-capnia in a European cohort of ventilated newborn infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Two-point cross-sectional prospective study in 173 European neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patient characteristics, ventilator settings and measurements, and blood gas analyses were collected for endotracheally ventilated newborn ...
Debus Angelika - - 2012
Purpose:To assess whether chronic lung disease (CLD) in surviving infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with lung hypoplasia on the basis of the results of antenatal observed-to-expected fetal lung volume (FLV) ratio measurement at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.Materials and Methods:The study received approval from the institutional review board, ...
Hashimoto Kazumasa - - 2012
Abstract Aims: To test if an isolated finding of low-normal amniotic fluid index (AFI) in the early third trimester in low-risk patients is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. Methods: Retrospective cohort study with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies that had ultrasound studies between 28.0 and 31.9 weeks' gestation. Two cohorts with AFI ...
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