Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 961
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Machado Rodrigo - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Little is known about the relationship between gastroesophageal reflux (GER) episodes and sleep interruptions infants. AIM:: To evaluate the relationship between GER and the incidence of sleep interruptions in infants. METHODS:: Study patients included 24 infants (age < 1 yr) referred for multichannel intraluminal impedance and esophageal pH monitoring ...
Chang Chuan-Yaw - - 2012
The antenatal diagnosis of aortic dissection carries a grave prognosis. Although cases of pregnant women with Marfan syndrome have been encountered, resulting in either sudden death or emergency surgery at diagnosis, of the patients that survive to delivery, cesarean section is associated with the risk of anesthesia and manipulation of ...
Gross Abby - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We utilized the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II to close tubular patent ductus arteriosus (DA) in infants. BACKGROUND: Despite advancements in device design, catheter-based therapy for the DA of tubular morphology has been problematic. Likewise, the currently available devices are not designed to close DA's in small, often premature infants ...
Khoury Michael - - 2012
Patients with severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction in tetralogy of Fallot typically have right-to-left shunting, resulting in low pulmonary blood flow and cyanosis. Here we present the case of an infant with tetralogy of Fallot and severe pulmonary valve stenosis, complicated by systemic hypertension, the presence of which altered ...
Ishikawa Nobustune - - 2012
The 18q23 deletion syndrome is characterized by diverse neurological and psychiatric features, including developmental delays, epilepsy, and autism. We report on a female infant with an 18q23 deletion who displayed atypical periodic dystonic postures. Video-electroencephalography recordings were used to evaluate the involuntary nonepileptic movements in the infant. Although nonepileptic involuntary ...
Carrillo-Casas Erika Margarita - - 2012
Nosocomial infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The aim of this paper was to describe an outbreak of Escherichia coli among infants admitted to the NICU of the General Hospital "Dr. Manuel Gea Gonzalez" in May of 2008. ...
Heo Ju Sun - - 2012
Mucolipidosis II (ML II) or inclusion cell disease (I-cell disease) is a rarely occurring autosomal recessive lysosomal enzyme-targeting disease. This disease is usually found to occur in individuals aged between 6 and 12 months, with a clinical phenotype resembling that of Hurler syndrome and radiological findings resembling those of dysostosis ...
Cressman Alex M - - 2012
In my practice several patients have struggled with cocaine abuse during their pregnancies. One woman, now postpartum, wants to breastfeed her infant. Despite being abstinent for the final few months of her pregnancy, I am concerned about the potential adverse effects on her child if she happens to relapse. What ...
Gomez Borja - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Procalcitonin (PCT) has been introduced in many European protocols for the management of febrile children. Its value among young, well-appearing infants, however, is not completely defined. Our objective was to assess its performance in diagnosing serious bacterial infections and specifically invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in well-appearing infants aged ...
Lin Hsiao-Chuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fungemia in preterm infants is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This study reports an outbreak of unusual fungemia in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Ten Candida pelliculosa bloodstream isolates were identified from six infants hospitalized in the NICU from February to March 2009. Environmental study ...
Sharp Justin - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Human Parechovirus (HPeV) causes central nervous system (CNS) infection in infants. To further understand HPeV CNS infection, we describe its clinical, laboratory and epidemiologic characteristics from a Midwestern U.S. tertiary care center. Because HPeV CNS infections have appeared clinically and seasonally similar to enterovirus (EV) infections, we retrospectively compared ...
Makki M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Neonates with severe CHD require CPB within the first days of life. White matter injury can occur before surgery, and this may impair the long-term neurodevelopmental and psychosocial outcome. The purpose of this study was to assess the microstructural development of the CC in infants with CHD before ...
Iannucci Glen J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising enterocolitis is a rare, though catastrophic complication that may occur in term newborns with congenital heart disease. There is considerable controversy regarding the factors that lead to necrotising enterocolitis in this population. We sought to determine the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis among term and near-term newborns with congenital ...
Pulido Jose J Perelman School of Medicine, the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a cutaneous infection most commonly associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa sepsis. EG generally occurs in immunocompromised hosts, such as patients with severe neutropenia. EG presents as erythematous, hemorrhagic, or necrotic macules or plaques, most commonly in the perineal or gluteal areas, but can occur elsewhere. EG is ...
Radha P - - 2012
Introduction: This study aimed to assess maternal and perinatal outcomes following second stage Caesarean sections. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in a Singapore-based tertiary referral centre from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009. The medical records of all the women who underwent emergency Caesarean sections in the second ...
Fouilloux Virginie - - 2012
Objective: To report our experience with perventricular closure of muscular (apical) ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in small infants, with echocardiographic guidance only, in a nonhybrid suite. Methods: Eight infants with nine large muscular (apical) VSDs underwent perventricular device closure in a nonhybrid operating room, with transesophageal and epicardial echocardiography guidance, ...
Nayak P P - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Airway evaluation following infant cardiac surgery often reveals evidence of tracheobronchial narrowing. We studied the association between airway narrowing and extubation failure (EF) in this population. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of infants (age ≤6 months) from March-September 2009. Flexible bronchoscopy (FB) evaluations were obtained using a standardised protocol ...
Shuan Wang Lai - - 2012
We report a case of cardiac tamponade due to air leak and fatal pneumopericardium that occurred after commercial flight transportation of a premature infant with chronic lung disease without respiratory distress. We review and discuss aspects of flight pathophysiology, and conclude that careful preparation before, and close monitoring during, commercial ...
No Sol Ji - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD), an acute febrile vasculitis, is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in infants and young children. However, the diagnosis of infantile KD can be difficult or delayed due to vague clinical manifestations. This current study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics and cardiac complications of ...
Thakkar Bhavesh B Department of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, U N Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India. - - 2012
To evaluate prospective single centre experience of mid-term safety and efficacy of perventricular device closure of isolated large muscular ventricular septal defect (mVSD) in high-risk infants. Surgical closures of large mVSD in infants represent a challenge with significant morbidity. Between August 2008-2010, perventricular closure was attempted in 24 infants of ...
Karlsson Mathias - - 2012
Aim:  Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increases in several critical conditions that cause cell damage and could potentially be used for early detection of serious illness in the newborn. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between the early clinical course of NICU infants and LDH in plasma at admission. Methods:  LDH ...
Sanatani Shubhayan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is one of the most common conditions requiring emergent cardiac care in children yet its management has never been subjected to a randomized controlled clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of the 2 most commonly used medications for ...
Nuchtern Jed G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To demonstrate that expectant observation of young infants with small adrenal masses would result in excellent event-free and overall survival. BACKGROUND:: Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant tumor in infants, and in young infants, 90% of neuroblastomas are located in the adrenal gland. Although surgical resection is standard therapy, ...
Huang Xz - - 2012
There is no consensus that hyperglycaemia is an independent predictor of morbidity-mortality in children. This retrospective observational study aimed to assess the association between abnormal perioperative glucose levels and adverse outcomes in infants receiving open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. The records of a total of 233 infants who underwent cardiopulmonary ...
Shehata Sherif M K - - 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present the safety and effectiveness of an expectant protocol employing Savary-Gilliard dilatation in benign oesophageal stricture in infants and toddlers along a decade of experience. Patients and Methods: Thirty eight infants and toddlers with benign oesophageal stricture with age ranged between 5 ...
Gray Brian W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fifteen percent of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are born with a coexisting cardiac anomaly. The purpose of this study was to evaluate contemporary outcomes in this patient population and to identify potential risk factors for in-hospital mortality. METHODS: Data from all CDH neonates with congenital heart disease ...
Bhat Priya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the most common form of cardiac support for postcardiotomy cardiac failure in children. While its benefits have been thoroughly explored in infants weighing more than 3kg, similar analyses are lacking in lower weight neonates. This single-center study investigated outcomes and risks for poor survival ...
Woods Ronald K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe early outcomes of aortic valve replacement in neonates and infants across a large multicenter cohort. METHODS: Neonates and infants in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database undergoing nontruncal aortic valve replacement with the Ross-Konno procedure, Ross procedure, or homograft replacement from 2000 ...
Papadopoulos M A - - 2012
Papadopoulos M. A., Koumpridou E. N., Vakalis M. L., Papageorgiou S. N. Effectiveness of pre-surgical infant orthopedic treatment for cleft lip and palate patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Orthod Craniofac Res 2012;15:207-236. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to systematically summarize ...
Thorburn Kentigern - - 2012
The true incidence of pulmonary bacterial coinfection in infants and children hospitalized with a viral respiratory infection is difficult to ascertain but can vary widely from under 1 to 44%. For the same patient group admitted to pediatric intensive care units and/or requiring ventilatory support, the evidence is more convincing, ...
Karsdon Jeffrey - - 2012
Abstract Aim: The aim of the study was to test the safety and feasibility of a system designed to decrease the uterine contractions of human preterm labor using a weak electrical current. Methods: Patients in preterm labor had an electrode catheter placed in the posterior vaginal fornix and attached to ...
Onyiriuka Alphonsus N - - 2012
This study assesses the prevalence of hypoglycemia among patients presenting at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria with cholestasis of infancy. During a period of five years, forty patients aged between 15 days and 12 months who presented with cholestasis of infancy, were admitted and screened for ...
Afsharpaiman Shahla - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis is a worldwide problem that presents a management challenge to care groups for neonates and infants. Early diagnosis and management can considerably decrease the risk of sepsis, and improve the outcome. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence, causative pathogens, and the antibiotic sensitivity ...
Kara Inci - - 2012
Prolonged duration of action of rocuronium in an infant patient is rare. We report an unusual case of prolonged neuromuscular blockade with rocuronium in an infant undergoing cleft lip repair anesthetized with sevoflurane and management of the patient.
Chan Chin Yee - - 2012
Esophageal pathologies are complex and lend themselves to multivariable analysis before a definitive diagnosis can be considered. It is imperative that the clinician establish a methodology for selecting the appropriate technological assessment within scientific testing parameters to establish optimal clinicopathological presentation and determine best practice for patient care.
de Oliveira Rosana Rosseto - - 2012
Infant mortality (IM), defined as deaths among children one year of age or younger, is an indicator of quality of life and of the organisation and quality of health services. IM reduction is one of the main goals of healthcare and improvements in this area would demonstrate an impact of ...
Shahsavaran Shahram - - 2012
Migration of the proximal and distal catheters of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a very rare event. Here, we report two infants with hydrocephalus and ventriculoperitoneal shunt who presented later with shunt coiling and migration. The first infant was admitted with scalp swelling around proximal incision 3 months after shunt insertion ...
Khambalia Amina Z - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to compare maternal and infant characteristics by mode of VK administration. Methods:  De-identified computerised birth files of all babies born in New South Wales (NSW), Australia between January 2007 and December 2009 (when VK prophylaxis was measured) were included in the present study. ...
Quddusi Ahmed Iqbal AI Department of Neonatal Paediatrics, Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Multan, Pakistan. - - 2012
Neonatology is a rapidly growing paediatric sub-specialty all over the world. Neonatal disease pattern changes from time to time and place. Analyzing the neonatal admission pattern helps the policy makers to make the better strategies and health care givers to serve better. This was a descriptive study. The study data ...
Aly Ashraf M - - 2012
We report a case of a premature infant with a vein of Galen malformation (VGM) who presented with high-output heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and respiratory distress. An echocardiogram showed normal cardiac anatomy, patent ductus arteriosus, and retrograde flow in the descending aorta. Ultrasonography and computed tomography of head confirmed the ...
Betz Jordan F - - 2012
Melamine can be detected in infant formula without the need for additional sample preparation or purification using a simple galvanic displacement reaction to fabricate portable silver SERS substrates. The reaction is rapid, inexpensive, and robust enough to perform well on highly heterogeneous common metal objects such as tape and coins.
Buxmann Horst - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of subcutaneously (SC) and intramuscularly (IM) administered BT088 (Fovepta) human hepatitis B immunoglobulin in neonates of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs/HBsAg)-positive mothers in the prevention of hepatitis B infection. Methods: This was an open, prospective, multicenter ...
Katumba-Lunyenya Jasper - - 2012
Diagnosis of Pyloric stenosis is rare in preterm babies. A case of pyloric stenosis diagnosed at 33(+6) postmenstrual age is reported. To our knowledge, this is the youngest postmenstrual age in the literature for a preterm infant to have a confirmed diagnosis of pyloric stenosis. The report also discusses issues ...
Ugwu G I McGil - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is one of the commonest causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Together with prematurity and neonatal sepsis, they account for over 80% of neonatal deaths. AIM: To determine the incidence and mortality rate of birth asphyxia in Warri Niger Delta of Nigeria. MATERIALS AND ...
Pinto Pais Isabel - - 2012
Vein of Galen malformations (VGM) are rare intracranial vascular anomalies that constitute 1% of all intracranial vascular malformations. Untreated VGM have a very poor prognosis. A high proportion of patients who present in the neonatal period rapidly deteriorate and succumb to congestive cardiac failure. The prenatal diagnosis and possible in ...
Bertoncelli N - - 2012
Background. With increasing sophistication and technology, survival rates hugely improved among preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Nutrition and feeding remain a challenge and preterm infants are at high risk of encountering oral feeding difficulties. Objective. To determine what facts may impact on oral feeding readiness and ...
Mares Joseph C - - 2012
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common arrhythmia in children and is especially common in infants. SVT is typically thought of as an acute condition; however, if unrecognized, a persistent tachyarrhythmia can progress to a state of cardiac contractile dysfunction known as tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. A high index of suspicion for ...
El-Hodhod Mostafa Abdel-Aziz - - 2012
Background. Recurrent perianal inflammation has great etiologic diversity. A possible cause is cow's milk allergy (CMA). The aim was to assess the magnitude of this cause. Subjects and Methods. This follow up clinical study was carried out on 63 infants with perianal dermatitis of more than 3 weeks with history ...
Jiang Weiwei - - 2012
Postoperative intussusception is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and children. Here, we report seven cases of postoperative intussusception in infants and children who were seen at our institution over the last 13 y. The patients showed increased nasogastric drainage, vomiting, lack of stool, and/or growing abdominal distension 2 ...
Gonçalves Américo - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection is the most common viral respiratory infection in infants. Several authors have sought to determine which risk factors are the best predictors for severe RSV disease. Our aim was to evaluate if a specific chest radiographic pattern in RSV disease can predict ...
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