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Results 151 - 200 of 1034
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Cheng Jeffrey - - 2013
To examine if timing of tracheostomy placement in premature infants affects the rates of decannulation and length of time required for mechanical ventilatory support. Consecutive case series with chart review of premature patients born at a gestational age of 36 weeks or less at a tertiary-care, academic children's hospital who ...
Mesrobian Hrair-George O - - 2013
To evaluate and analyze the urinary proteome in infants with stable grade 4 ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and compare to age-matched normal controls. Bladder urine specimens were obtained from 21 healthy infants with normal maternal/fetal ultrasound and 25 infants with grade 4 unilateral UPJO. All patients had >40% ipsilateral individual ...
El Masri Kamal - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) frequently occurs in neonates and infants after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and may require renal replacement therapy (RRT). Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the RRT modality of choice in neonates with AKI after CPB, but continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be necessary if PD is ineffective or ...
Jeelani Yasser - - 2013
Infants born with caudal regression (CR) may have serious multisystem abnormalities that require prompt attention in the neonatal period. The presence of a closed neural tube defect (NTD) that can lead to future neurological deterioration may be overlooked. An IRB-approved retrospective review was conducted among patients with CR and a ...
Burgmeier Christine - - 2013
The aim of this study was to clarify the incidence of postoperative complications in infants undergoing laparoscopic hernia repair within the first six months of life. Retrospective, single-institution study comparing term and preterm babies undergoing surgery between March 2005 and September 2012. The charts were reviewed for postoperative complications and ...
Fragoso Yára Dadalti - - 2013
Objective To assess whether the month of birth in different latitudes of South America might influence the presence or severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) later in life. Methods Neurologists in four South American countries working at MS units collected data on their patients' month of birth, gender, age, and disease ...
Eze Kenneth C KC Department of Radiology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH) Irrua and GreenHill Radiological Centre, Ebhoakhuala, Ekpoma, - - 2013
To determine the structural findings in brain sonography of African infants with complicated sporadic bacterial meningitis. Retrospective assessment of medical records of patients who underwent brain sonography on account of complicated bacterial meningitis. The brain sonography was carried out over a 4-year period (between September 15, 2004 and September 14, ...
Gomes Vivianne Calheiros Chaves - - 2013
Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) is a form of childhood interstitial lung disease characterized by tachypnea, retractions, crackles, and hypoxia. The aim of this study was to report and discuss the clinical, imaging, and histopathological findings in a series of NEHI cases at a tertiary pediatric hospital, with an ...
Ramgopal Sriram - - 2013
To investigate the common indications for polysomnogram (PSG) associated co-morbid conditions, evaluation strategies, treatment options, and outcomes in a series of infants diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by a PSG. Retrospective chart review of infants who underwent PSG over a 7-year period was done. Infants with PSG diagnosed OSA ...
Fairchild Karen D KD Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2013
Abnormal heart rate characteristics (HRC) wax and wane in early stages of culture-positive, late-onset septicemia (LOS) in patients in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Continuously monitoring an HRC index leads to a reduction in mortality among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We hypothesized that the reduction in mortality ...
Hunter Benton R - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can occur in infants. Early identification of AMI can allow for specific therapies aimed at improving patient outcomes. This article describes a case of an infant with AMI caused by a previously unreported mechanism and reviews diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for dealing with this rare disease. ...
Parodi Stefano - - 2013
Analysis of seasonal variation of diagnosis or birth of childhood cancers may provide useful insight about possible aetiological risk factors, such as infectious agents and environmental exposures, but studies on neuroblastoma are lacking. Two thousand seven hundred fifty-six cases of neuroblastoma, diagnosed between 1980 and 2010, registered in the Italian ...
Honda Ryoko - - 2013
This study aimed to identify the effect of early hemispherotomy on development in a consecutive series of 12 infants with hemimegalencephaly (HME) demonstrating epileptic encephalopathy. Mean age at onset was 20.4days (range, 1-140), mean age at surgery was 4.3months (range, 2-9), and mean follow-up time was 78.8months (range, 36-121). Eleven ...
Sanklecha Mukesh Uttamchand - - 2013
Congenital factor V deficiency (also known as labile factor or proaccelerin) is a rather uncommon [1:1000,000] inherited coagulopathy (autosomal recessive inheritance). Affected patients become symptomatic in early childhood with spontaneous or post-traumatic bleeding complications. The authors report an infant who presented with a much feared complication of the same probably ...
Dwivedi Shalini - - 2013
To describe the clinico-bacteriological profile, and early outcomes of infants diagnosed with Group B streptococcus (GBS) meningitis. This was a retrospective review of infants (aged 1 mo to 2 y) diagnosed with GBS meningitis in a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi from October 2010 through January 2012. The clinico-bacteriological data and ...
Finelt Nika - - 2013
A 10-week old preterm infant boy presented with a pustular eruption of the face and blood eosinophilia. Histology demonstrated eosinophils without predominant follicular involvement. The lesions healed without intervention within 2 months. The presentation was consistent with neonatal eosinophilic pustulosis. We discuss the similarities between cases described in the literature and ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2013
Much effort has been put in the past years to create and assess accurate tools for the management of febrile infants. However, no optimal strategy has been so far identified. A sequential approach evaluating, first, the appearance of the infant, second, the age and result of the urinanalysis and, finally, ...
Shamszad Pirouz - - 2013
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) are susceptible to pre-Norwood comorbidities (PCs) and complications. This study aimed to describe the effect of PCs on timing and survival of Norwood palliation (NP). A single-center, retrospective review of infants with HLHS who underwent initial NP between 2003 and 2010 was performed. ...
Suzuki Y - - 2013
We encountered a neonatal patient with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) whose mother was positive for anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies. Complete atrioventricular block was found in a male patient at 29 weeks of gestation. The patient was born at 40 weeks of gestation. He showed severe circulatory disturbance at 22 h after the ...
Baxter Katherine J - - 2013
Hirschsprung's disease (HD), congenital absence of ganglion cells, is considered uncommon in preterm infants. The aim was to describe the frequency, presentation, and surgical outcomes of preterm infants with HD. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of all patients diagnosed with HD from 2002 to 2012 at a single children's ...
Rammal M - - 2013
Green staining of the dentition is a phenomenon associated with the deposition of bilirubin in the matrix of hard tissue during formation. This article presents a case of green teeth in a patient born 28 weeks premature with a medical history of hemolytic jaundice and grade IV intraventricular hemorrhage at ...
Ghribi Ali - - 2013
Background: Gastric perforation in neonates is an uncommon condition. It could be spontaneous but a contributing cause should be sought. aim: To review our experience of treating 8 neonates with gastric perforation over the past 20 years. methods: We reviewed the records of all newborns admitted to our hospital between ...
Kyriacou P A - - 2013
Pulse oximetry is being used in everyday clinical practice in anesthesia utilizing peripheral saturation sensors. However, it may be unreliable in certain clinical situations such as peripheral hypoperfusion. Similar situations occur in burns patients and more importantly burns to extremities which limit the sites available for measurement of peripheral oxygen ...
Alverson Brian - - 2013
The goal of this study was to determine physician management choices for hospitalized premature infants with bronchiolitis compared with erm infants and to evaluate predictors of steroid use in premature infants. A chart review was conducted of premature and nonpremature infants admitted to 2 children's hospitals with bronchiolitis. Reviewers selected ...
Ghanem-Zoubi Nesrin - - 2013
Human parechoviruses (HPeV) have been recognized as the causative agents of central nervous system (CNS) infection of infants and young children in different parts of the world. The role of HPeV in CNS infection of Israeli infants and children is unknown. To assess the detection rate of HPeV in enterovirus ...
Mundra R K RK Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, MGM Medical College & MY Hospitals, Indore, Madhya Pradesh India ; 2 Kanchan Vihar, 2 Kanchan Bagh, Indore, 452001 Madhya Pradesh - - 2014
Foreign body aspiration is one of the leading causes of accidental death in children. In older infants, tendency to explore their environment by putting objects in mouth leads to aspiration, but in younger infants below 6 months of age, as they are non ambulatory, it is the elder sibling who puts ...
Borowitz Drucy - - 2013
The current recommendations for dosing of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) were made using a limited evidence base. The per meal recommended dose was extrapolated from dosing guidelines for older patients into a maximal daily dose for infants. We discuss why this maximal daily ...
Olsen Richelle N - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Elevated third trimester salivary estriol levels have been associated with preterm birth. We evaluated whether maternal estriol concentrations from second trimester serum correlated with preterm delivery. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 7767 patients evaluated with second trimester aneuploidy screening. Unconjugated serum estriol was measured by immunoassay, expressed ...
Maheshwari Rajesh - - 2013
AIM: Long-gap oesophageal atresia (LGOA) remains a rare variant of a relatively common congenital malformation. Objectives of this study were to review the short-term results including survival, length of stay and post-operative complications for infants with LGOA managed at a single centre in addition to their growth and neurodevelopmental assessment. ...
Rachmani Evangelia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Incidental appendectomy remains a controversial issue. We aimed to collect experience using a modified surgical technique that could be applied securely in infants. METHODS: We performed aseptic intussuscepted incidental appendectomy (AIIA) in three patients using a technique that is thought to assure appendix necrosis along with intact cecal wall. ...
Pacifici Gian Maria - - 2013
Indomethacin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is a potent inhibitor of prostaglandin E2 synthesis. After birth, the ductus arteriosus closes spontaneously within 2-4 days in term infants. The major factor closing the ductus arteriosus is the tension of oxygen, which increases significantly after birth. Prostaglandin E2 has the opposite effect ...
Del Brutto Oscar H - - 2013
Neurocysticercosis in infants and toddlers has received little attention in the literature, and little is known about the mechanisms of disease acquisition and clinical forms of presentation of the disease in this age group. All patients aged ≤3 years with neurocysticercosis evaluated at Hospital-Clínica Kennedy, Guayaquil, over a 22-year period ...
Hepping N - - 2013
SFTPC (surfactant protein C) mutations resulting in SP-C deficiency causing ongoing respiratory failure in the neonatal period represent a rare entity. We report a full-term female infant who developed respiratory distress and respiratory failure shortly after birth. From the first day of life the infant was mechanically ventilated. Application of ...
Khedmat Hossein - - 2013
Context-Despite the high frequency of liver transplants in infants, few data are available on the characteristics of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders in liver transplant patients (PTLD).Objective-To analyze special features and behavior of PTLD arising after liver transplant in infants.Methods-A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted for the available data on ...
Cerbo Rosa Maria - - 2013
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring is a new challenge for clinicians who deal with early detection of dangerous hypoperfusion in the brain, as well as in splanchnic and renal districts in critically ill preterm infants. Previous studies performed on infants and children with congenital heart disease, demonstrated the efficacy of ...
Simsek Y - - 2013
In this study, we aimed to evaluate in a prospective design the importance of pathologic umbilical artery (UA) Doppler findings as a predictive marker for neonatal outcome in patients with HELLP syndrome. A total of 45 pregnant women at 24-42 weeks of gestation with a diagnosis of HELLP syndrome were ...
Zamora Irving J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the presence of a hernia sac and fetal lung growth and outcomes in infants with Congenital, Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH). The medical records of all neonates with CDH treated in our institution between 2004 and 2011 were reviewed. The presence ...
Su Felice F Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA. - - 2013
To evaluate the dose-response relationship of dexmedetomidine in infants with congenital heart disease postoperative from open heart surgery. Prospective open-label dose-escalation pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study. Tertiary pediatric cardiac ICU. Thirty-six evaluable infants, 1-24 months old, postoperative from open heart surgery requiring mechanical ventilation. Cohorts of 12 infants were enrolled sequentially to one ...
Ecury-Goossen Ginette M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, studies on neonatal stroke have mainly focused on cortical stroke. We have focused on perforator strokes, noncortical strokes in the arterial vascular perforator area. We sought to identify risk factors and evaluate clinical presentation and neuroimaging findings for neonatal perforator stroke, which seems to be ...
Stoupel Eliyahu - - 2013
Abstract Background: After a publication of a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA in 2001, we published three studies related to birth month and morbidity of patients that can affect longevity. The aim of this study is to check two groups of cardiac deaths, consisting ...
Sowers Levi P - - 2013
Sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the cause of premature death of up to 17% of all patients with epilepsy and as many as 50% with chronic refractory epilepsy. However, SUDEP is not widely recognized to exist. The etiology of SUDEP remains unclear, but growing evidence points to peri-ictal ...
Iorio R - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate ultrasonographic features of the liver and biliary tree, including the presence of the triangular cord, in infants with biliary atresia and to analyze the correspondence between hepatic echostructure and histological aspects of the liver.Materials and Methods: 35 consecutive infants (19 males) with documented diagnosis of biliary atresia ...
Vanhaltren Karen - - 2013
Abstract Background: Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at risk of hypoglycaemia in the neonatal period. The prediction of which of these infants are at higher risk of developing hypoglycaemia is complex. Aims: To determine the characteristics of infants of diabetic mothers who are more likely to need an admission ...
Fortin-Pellerin Etienne E Neonatology division, Department of Pediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke University, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada. - - 2013
Indications for post-natal steroids among preterm infants are evolving. The objective of this study was to compare steroid use in 2 cohorts 5 years apart and to document the short- and long-term outcomes of our most recent cohort. Retrospective chart review of infants born under 28 weeks of gestational age for two ...
Dubis Adam M AM Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, - - 2013
To evaluate subclinical macular findings in premature patients at risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with the use of handheld spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Prospective, observational case series. Forty-nine prematurely born neonates. Forty-nine infants were imaged using a handheld SD-OCT. Images were acquired in nonsedated infants in the neonatal ...
Balmaks Reinis - - 2013
Introduction: Misplacement of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) venous cannula in the azygos vein has previously been described only in newborns.
Case: For the first time, we report an aberrant ECMO cannula placement in the azygos vein in a child outside neonatal period. History of chronic lung disease and ligation of persistent ...
Trittmann J K JK Ohio Perinatal Research Network, Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 700 Children's Drive, Research Building III, WB 5245, Columbus, OH 43205, USA. - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that the use of supplemental oxygen (sO2) at discharge from the NICU in extremely preterm neonates is associated with a greater risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18 months corrected gestational age (CGA) than the risk of NDI of those neonates discharged in room air. Four ...
Araki Yasukiyo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Month of birth has been associated with the environmental factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed to investigate whether individuals with MS had significantly different frequencies of birth in a particular month of the year, and whether month-of-birth patterns were influenced by the longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesions ...
Cozzi C - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether differences exist in the location of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) versus those without CHD.Study design:Retrospective cohort study utilizing 11 years of patient data. Inclusion criterion was surgical exploration for NEC. Presence or absence of CHD was determined. Surgical and/or pathology reports ...
Turabelidze George - - 2013
We investigated Bacillus cereus-positive tracheal aspirates from infants on ventilators in a neonatal intensive care unit. Multilocus sequence typing determined a genetic match between strains isolated from samples from a case-patient and from the air flow sensor in the ventilator. Changing the sterilization method for sensors to steam autoclaving stopped ...
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