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Lee Jeong Soo JS Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
We report herein successful rigid bronchoscopy with preserved spontaneous breathing of a 54-day-old infant with tracheal web associated with previous ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. We considered the use of dexmedetomidine in conjunction with intermittent ketamine from the following three clinical aspects. First, this infant was suffering from respiratory distress ...
Picone Simonetta S Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care, Casilino General Hospital, Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Late preterm (LP) are at higher risk than term infants to develop infections due to their more immature immune system. Little data about the risks and incidence of infection and sepsis in LP are present in literature. To evaluate treated infection rates and risk factors for infection in moderate and ...
Alan Serdar S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Objectives To describe the efficacy of intravenous colistin on clinical and microbiological outcomes in preterm infants with nosocomial sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and define adverse events observed with this treatment. Methods The records of preterm infants who received colistin with or without positive cultures in the NICU were retrospectively ...
Scott M V MV Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Objective:Concern regarding the magnitude and consequences of diagnostic radiation exposure in premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has increased as survival of premature infants has improved. Radiation exposure is not often rigorously monitored in NICU patients. The purpose of this observational study was to quantify the amount of ...
Tuysuz Beyhan B Department of Pediatric Genetics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) in infants with hypotonia between the ages of 0 and 2 years. Karyotyping studies were performed in all infants with hypotonia. The study group was composed of infants with hypotonia for whom the karyotyping was found to be normal. Fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Stanger Jennifer J Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, BC Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Human milk fortifier (HMF) is used in neonatal units throughout North America to facilitate growth of preterm infants. Little data is available on the gastrointestinal side effects and potential adverse events. The purpose of this paper was to present a series of infants presenting with bowel obstruction associated with HMF. ...
Randolph David A DA Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, , Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that acidosis at birth is associated with the combined primary outcome of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, and to develop a predictive model of death/NDI exploring perinatal acidosis as a predictor variable. The study population consisted of ELBW infants born ...
Elalfy Department of Pediatrics, Ain Shams University and National Research Centre, Cairo, - - 2014
Late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) can be serious and manifest as early onset intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to determine the frequency of ICH in relation to vitamin K deficiency and the outcome in infants aged two to 24 weeks. A hospital-based study was conducted in two main ...
O'Byrne Michael L ML Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of genotype on the outcomes of infant cardiac operations has not been well established. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 22q11.2 deletion (22q11del) on infants with truncus arteriosus communis (TA) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) undergoing operative correction during infancy. We conducted ...
Lambertz A A Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Premature infants treated with laparostomy in the first days of their life represent a group of complex patients with high morbidity and mortality rates. Laparostomy is a surgical treatment method in which the peritoneal cavity is opened anteriorly and deliberately left open, hence often called "open abdomen". The aim of ...
Zhou Huixia H Department of Urology, Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military Region General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Minimally invasive surgery is increasingly being adopted in pediatric urology practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and the safety of transumbilical multi-stab laparoscopic pyeloplasty (TMLP) as a treatment for infants younger than 3 months with severe hydronephrosis. We retrospectively reviewed 63 infants younger than 3 ...
Loizou P P Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, The Lister Hospital, Stevenage, - - 2014
Background: It is common for ENT specialists to be called to neonatal intensive care units to assess neonates with suspected laryngomalacia. At Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK, it is standard practice to initially try to assess the larynx whilst the patient is awake. This can cause the patient to cry and ...
Tanphaichitr Archwin A Sleep Disorders Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
To identify the prevalence of and risk factors for central sleep apnea (CSA) in infants who are diagnosed with laryngomalacia. Case series with chart review. Quaternary care pediatric hospital. We performed a chart review in infants with laryngomalacia. All infants had diagnostic polysomnography (PSG) performed from 2003 to 2012. Infants ...
Lollis Tyner R TR Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Mss Lollis and Bradshaw); Novant Health Presbyterian Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina (Ms Lollis); and Duke University Health System, Durham, North Carolina (Ms - - 2014
Fungemia is a serious problem within neonatal intensive care units around the world. Premature infants are at high risk for this complication, which is often fatal. Prophylaxis for invasive fungal infection has been practiced worldwide in different settings and with various patient groups. Both oral and intravenous drugs have been ...
Youn Seo Young SY Department of Pediatrics, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the characteristics of thyroid nodules among infants diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. A retrospective study of 660 infants (374 males, 286 females) diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism was carried out at the Pediatric Endocrine Clinic in Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Korea, between May 2003 and February 2013. The ...
Amel Jamehdar Saeid S Department of Microbiology and Virology, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2014
Neonatal herpes infection is the most serious complication of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) infection during pregnancy and perinatal period. Few studies have reported neonatal HSV infection in developing countries. The aim of this study was to detect the HSV infection among neonates and infants with sepsis. In a cross sectional ...
Matsuda Yoshio Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, 537-3 Iguchi, Nasushiobara, Tochigi 329-2763, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Kawada-cho, 8-1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Umbilical arterial pH (UApH) in severe cerebral palsy (CP) is not fully understood. This work aims to determine the relationship between fetal acidemia and clinical features of severe CP. A retrospective study design is used. A review was conducted unti1 April 2013 among 218 infants with CP diagnosed to be ...
Du Lei L Department of Pediatric Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, No.1665, Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, - - 2014
The survival rate of infants with gastroschisis has improved significantly. It is over 90% in developed countries, but 50% in developing countries. This study aimed to investigate the factors improving the survival rate of infants with gastroschisis in developing countries. Neonates meeting the inclusion criteria, who presented to our center ...
Aliaga Sofia S Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Neonatal invasive candidiasis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We describe the association between invasive candidiasis and changes in use of antifungal prophylaxis, empirical antifungal therapy, and broad-spectrum antibacterial antibiotics over time. We examined data from 709 325 infants at 322 NICUs managed by the Pediatrix Medical Group from 1997 ...
Knirsch Walter W Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) are at risk for interstage morbidity and mortality, especially between the first and second surgical stages after the Norwood and hybrid procedures. This study compared the morbidity and mortality of patients treated by either the Norwood or the hybrid procedure for HLHS between ...
Meyer-Marcotty Philipp P Department of Orthodontics (Head: Prof. Dr. A. Stellzig-Eisenhauer), Dental Clinic of the Medical Faculty, University of Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study analyses pathomorphological and physiological head shapes and classifies the pathomorphology in positional plagiocephaly and brachycephaly. 78 infants with a positional plagiocephaly (5.99 months) and 32 infants with a positional brachycephaly (6.53 months) with a Cephalic index > 94% were investigated in this study and compared to a matched control group ...
Lim Kathleen K Department of Pediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital and University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, - - 2014
The precision of oxygen saturation (SpO2) targeting in preterm infants on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is incompletely characterized. We therefore evaluated SpO2 targeting in infants solely receiving CPAP, aiming to describe their SpO2 profile, to document the frequency of prolonged hyperoxia and hypoxia episodes and of fraction of inspired ...
Kadlub Natacha N APHP (Head: Prof. Vazquez), Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Service de chirurgie Maxillofaciale, Paris 75015, France; Université Paris V, UFR de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris 75006, France; Centre de références des malformations de la face et de la cavité buccale (Head: Prof. Vazquez), Paris 75015, France; Laboratoire de Physiopathologie orale et Moléculaire (Head: Prof. Berdal), INSERM, UMRS 872, Equipe 5, Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, Paris 75006, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In children, and specifically in infants, odontogenic myxomas are extremely rare. In infants, myxoma seems to display mostly the same clinical, radiological and pathological characteristics. This paper presents a series of odontogenic myxomas in infant patients. Four infant patients were included in this retrospective study. The clinical, radiological and pathological ...
Vemulakonda Vijaya M VM Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify geographic variability in the imaging of infants with congenital hydronephrosis at initial pediatric urologic evaluation. We performed a retrospective review of infants aged ≤12 months with congenital hydronephrosis seen as new patients from October 2010 to September 2011 at 3 regionally diverse pediatric urology practices: University of Virginia Hospital, ...
Ramzan Mohammed M 1Pediatric Hematology Oncology & Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Child Health, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital , Old Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi , - - 2014
There is paucity of outcome data for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in infants from India, especially post stem cell transplant (SCT). We report outcome data of eight infants diagnosed with HLH. Mean age was 7.1 months (range 2-11). Mutation analysis was possible in seven patients. One patient had Griscelli syndrome. In ...
Alemzadeh-Ansari Mohammad Hasan - - 2014
Introduction. Urinary calculi in infants are relatively infrequent, but their incidence has increased in the recent decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation, metabolic risk factors, and urinary tract abnormalities in infants suffering from kidney calculus. Materials and Methods. A total of 152 infants were ...
Liu Bo B Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is widely accepted for visualization of the biliary system. However, the sensitivity and specificity of MRCP for the diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) are still not fully elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of three-dimensional MRCP (3D-MRCP) for BA in a large cohort ...
Shahjahan M M Dr Md Shahjahan, MS, Pediatric Surgery, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, - - 2014
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system. Diagnosis can be confirmed by rectal biopsy. The surgical management of HD includes so many procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the out come of single-stage transanal endorectal pull-through operation for short segment HD in neonates ...
Stathis George G Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, General University Hospital "ATTIKON", Chaidari, GR 124 62, Athens, - - 2014
Acute lipoid pneumonia (LP) in children is a rare disorder caused by the aspiration of oil-based substances and is difficult to diagnose due to non-specific clinical symptoms and radiological findings. We report the case of a 5-month-old male infant with acute LP caused by accidental aspiration of a large amount ...
Bawa Pritish P 0000-0003-4130-7554 Department of Radiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11203, - - 2014
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is not an uncommon finding in premature infants with respiratory distress who need respiratory support by mechanical ventilation. PIE has been reported in a few cases of neonates in whom either no treatment other than room air was given or they were given continuous positive end-expiratory ...
Albanna Ehab Am EA Department of Pediatrics, Faulty of Medicine Zagazig University, - - 2014
Calprotectin is a 36 kDa protein present in the cytoplasm of the neutrophil has antimicrobial and apoptosis inducing activities. In vitro studies have shown that calprotectin inhibits the growth of various microorganisms. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units ...
Jani P P Grace Centre's for Newborn Care, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW, - - 2014
To provide analysis on infants treated for right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (RCDH) including mortality, neonatal morbidities, and associated congenital anomalies. We reviewed records of infants admitted with RCDH from 1985 to 2010. A total of 160 infants with CDH were identified; of them 22 infants had RCDH, 14 (64%) were ...
Laudanski Piotr P 0000-0001-8955-8198 Department of Perinatology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, 15-276 Podlasie, Poland ; Department of Perinatology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Bialystok, Marii Sklodowskiej Curie 24a, 15-273 Bialystok, - - 2014
Introduction. Nowadays it is thought that the main cause of premature birth is subclinical infection. However, none of the currently used methods provide effective prevention to preterm labor. The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of selected chemokines in sera of patients with premature birth without clinical ...
Whitsett Jeffrey A JA Perinatal Institute, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Advances in the physiology, biochemistry, molecular and cell biology of the pulmonary surfactant system transformed the clinical care and outcome of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. The molecular era of surfactant biology provided genetic insights into the pathogenesis of pulmonary disorders, previously termed 'idiopathic', that affect newborn infants, children ...
El Mazloum Dania D Unit of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Women's and Children's Health Department, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of preterm birth, especially in infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which is still a major cause of long-term lung dysfunction with a heavy burden on health care services and medical resources throughout childhood. The most severely affected patients remain symptomatic even ...
Vento Máximo M Neonatal Research Unit, Division of Neonatology, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
Oxygen is one of the most widely used drugs in the neonatal period. A lack of knowledge of oxygen metabolism and toxicity has prompted guidelines to fluctuate from liberal use to treat respiratory distress to restriction to avoid retinopathy of prematurity. In recent years, studies performed in the immediate postnatal ...
Gallini F F Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Unit Catholic University Largo F. Vito 1, 00136 Rome - Italy. - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disorder common among very preterm infants affecting significantly not only mortality and morbidity but also neurodevelopmental outcomes. This review aims to identify the short and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants with BPD, considering that the new definition of BPD allows to relate severity ...
Ventura M L ML . - - 2014
Despite a even more frequent use to non-invasive respiratory support, mechanical ventilation is stilloften necessary for supporting premature infants with lung disease. Protracted mechanical ventilation is associatedwith increased morbidity and mortality and thus the earliest weaning from invasive respiratory supportis desirable. Weaning protocols may be helpful in achieving more rapid ...
Wright Lydia K LK Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, - - 2013
Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defects (CHDs) is increasingly common, but it is still unclear whether it translates to improved postoperative outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all infants (aged <1 year) who underwent surgery for CHDs from 2006 to 2011 at a single institution. Primary outcomes were in-hospital ...
Seltzer Laurie E LE Department of Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: - - 2013
During the surgical repair of infants with congenital cardiac defects, there can be periods of decreased cerebral blood flow, particularly during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. As a result, these infants are at increased risk for seizures and long-term neurodevelopmental difficulties. Thirty-two infants with congenital heart disease had continuous video-electroencephalographic (EEG) ...
Hernández-Bou Susanna S Paediatric Emergency Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu Barcelona, - - 2013
Some authors have assessed the utility of considering various risk factors in predicting bacteremia in young infants with urinary tract infection (UTI) in studies that included only febrile patients. Our aims were to determine whether fever was a predictor for bacteremia and to identify other associated risk factors. A retrospective ...
Anderson de Moreno Lauren C LC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2013
To determine if patients who were born premature have a higher incidence of aspiration following supraglottoplasty compared to patients born full term. Retrospective study. Two thousand three hundred sixty (2360) patient charts from Riley Hospital for Children were reviewed retrospectively. Patients had already been treated for laryngomalacia with supraglottoplasty by ...
Greenberg S Bruce - - 2013
Airway abnormalities are frequently associated with congenital heart disease in infants and children. Respiratory distress in these children frequently requires prolonged respiratory support. Wide-detector dynamic pulmonary computed tomography angiography (DP-CTA) is a non-invasive technique that completely evaluates vascular and airway abnormalities during a single breathe. Our purpose was to evaluate ...
Valentine M C - - 2013
Infant leukemia (IL) is a rare sporadic cancer with a grim prognosis. While most cases are accompanied by MLL-rearrangements and harbor very few somatic mutations; less is known about the genetics of the cases without MLL translocations. We performed the largest exome sequencing study to date on matched non-cancer DNA ...
van Wijk Michiel - - 2013
To evaluate the mechanisms underlying gastroesophageal reflux (GER) following esophageal atresia (EA) repair and gastroesophageal function in infants and adults born with EA. Ten consecutive infants born with EA as well as 10 randomly selected adult EA patients were studied during their first postoperative follow-up visit and a purposely planned ...
Lally Kevin P - - 2013
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remains a significant cause of neonatal death. A wide spectrum of disease severity and treatment strategies makes comparisons challenging. The objective of this study was to create a standardized reporting system for CDH. Data were prospectively collected on all live born infants with CDH from 51 ...
Banani Seyed Abbas SA Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Department of Pediatric Surgery, Shiraz, - - 2013
Skin damage secondary to peristomal leakage is a fairly common complication of ileostomies in infants. Traditional conservative measures, including skin barriers, ointments, and agents to reduce bowel movements, initially may be helpful but not in all patients. The purpose of this case series was to describe a new and relatively ...
Han Chang Woo CW Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Congenital Heart Disease Center, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Prolonging of the corrected QT interval (QTc) has been reported after cardiac surgery in some studies. However, there have not been many studies on infant open cardiac surgery for ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. This study was performed to define the changes in QTc and to find related post-surgery factors ...
Yoo Suk Dong SD Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, - - 2013
To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes among infants and toddlers with failure to thrive (FTT). This retrospective study was done with 123 patients who had visited Pusan National University Children's Hospital during their first two years of life and had received an FTT diagnosis. We compared the clinical characteristics ...
Afroze Farzana F Clinical Services Centre, icddr,b, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, - - 2013
A one month and twenty-five days old baby girl with problems of acute watery diarrhoea, severe dehydration, severe malnutrition, and reduced activity was admitted to the gastrointestinal unit of Dhaka Hospital of icddr,b. The differentials included dehydration, dyselectrolytaemia and severe sepsis. She was treated following the protocolized management guidelines of ...
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