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Cheng Henry H HH Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) measured by transcranial Doppler sonography has provided information on cerebral perfusion in patients undergoing infant heart surgery, but no studies have reported a relationship to early postoperative and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. CBFV was measured in infants undergoing biventricular repair without aortic arch reconstruction as part ...
Ikeda Sayako S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Japanese Red Cross Nagoya Daiichi Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To clarify the association between amniotic neutrophil elastase levels and the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods: The database between July 2001 and December 2012 was reviewed for women with amniocentesis on admission for amniotic fluid neutrophil elastase levels and with singleton deliveries between 22+0 and 31+6 weeks ...
Bennett Kelly A KA Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
Object As more pediatric neurosurgeons become involved with fetal myelomeningocele closure efforts, examining refined techniques in the overall surgical approach that could maximize beneficial outcomes becomes critical. The authors compared outcomes for patients who had undergone a modified technique with those for patients who had undergone fetal repair as part ...
Cruz Ithier Mayra A MA Bayfront Health, St Petersburg, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to prove that the chronic use of indomethacin as a tocolytic agent does not affect neonatal outcomes. This is a retrospective cohort study of obstetrical patients from All Children's Perinatology Group diagnosed with preterm labor, cervical insufficiency, or both and exposed to prolonged indomethacin ...
Strand Eric A EA Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine maternal and neonatal outcomes for patients with previable and periviable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) who were expectantly managed. Retrospective cohort study of women with PPROM admitted to the hospital between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2011. Pre- and periviable ...
Hilderman Courtney G E CG C.G.E. Hilderman, BScPT, Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 212-2177 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T - - 2014
<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions-medications, surgery, education, ...
Mohr Lynn D LD Lynn D. Mohr, MS, APN, PCNS-BC, CPN, Instructor, Rush University, Chicago, Illinois. Roxana Reyna, BSN, RN-NIC, WCC, Registered Nurse, Driscoll Children's Hospital, Corpus Christi, Texas. Rene Amaya, MD, FAAP, Specialist, Pediatric Infectious Disease, Houston, - - 2014
Treatment of the neonatal patient with clinically complex wounds creates a challenge due to the safety and efficacy issues associated with the use of many advanced wound care products. The purpose of this case series was to present outcomes of 3 neonates with wounds of differing etiologies managed by Active ...
Zahn Evan M EM The Divisions of Pediatric Cardiology and Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics and The Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical - - 2014
Objectives: Describe a new technique for transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in extremely preterm infants using commercially available technology. Background: PDA in premature neonates continues to be a significant clinical problem contributing importantly to both morbidity and mortality. Surgical ligation and medical therapy both have their drawbacks. Material and ...
Cinel G G Pediatric Pulmonology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, İhsan Doğramacı Children's Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonitis in immunocompetent hosts is uncommon but is being recognized more frequently, particularly when presenting as severe viral pneumonia. The objective of this study was to examine lower respiratory tract CMV infection in immunocompetent wheezy infants, based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, to ...
Shitsama Sylvia S Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Kijabe Hospital, Kijabe, - - 2014
Object Severe hydrocephalus and hydranencephaly are common congenital conditions in Kenya. In patients with these conditions, ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts are associated with appreciable complications and endoscopic third ventriculostomies (ETVs) have limited success. Endoscopic choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) to diminish CSF production is a potential treatment option. The purpose of this ...
Lobkova Nelya N Department of Orthopedics, Division of Podiatry, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York (NL, - - 2014
The prevalence of breastfeeding among women in the United States is increasing along with the understanding of the importance of continually and exclusively breastfeeding an infant in the first half year of life. Modern necessities and problems evoke questions about what medications can be safely utilized by a breastfeeding mother ...
Khmour Ayman Y AY Department of Pediatrics, Kansas Mercy Children's - - 2014
Neonates with significant congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) require cardiopulmonary support. Management has been characterized by progressive abandonment of hyperventilation. Ability to prognosticate outcomes using measures of ventilation and oxygenation with gentle ventilation remains unclear. We sought to determine whether assessment of gas exchange at the time of NICU admission is ...
McCuskee Sarah S 1Department of Public Health and Primary Care, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom 2Division of Clinical Sciences, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Sioux Lookout, ON, Canada 3Medical Records, Sioux Lookout Meno Ya Win Health Center, Sioux Lookout, ON, Canada 4Divison of Respirology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2014
High rates of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), including bronchiolitis and pneumonia, have been reported in Inuit infants living in arctic Canada. We examined rates of LRTI in First Nations Canadian infants living in the Sioux Lookout Zone, in northern Ontario. A retrospective review of hospital admissions for LRTI during ...
Garcia-Mata Serafin S Orthopedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedics, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Os vesalianum pedis is an accessory bone in the foot located proximal to the base of the fifth metatarsal within the peroneus brevis tendon, with a very low prevalence (0.1% to 1%), and is usually asymptomatic. Only 9 cases of symptomatic os vesalianum pedis have been reported. Other more common ...
Fischler Björn B Department of Pediatrics, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neonatal cholestasis occurs in approximately 1 in 2500 term infants, the most common underlying disease being biliary atresia, viral infections and α1-antitrypsin deficiency. The incidence of cholestasis is much higher in extremely premature newborns. The etiology of biliary atresia remains unclear, which in turn makes the search for additional treatments ...
Pizarro Christian C Nemours Cardiac Center, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware. Electronic address: - - 2014
Optimal perfusion strategies for neuroprotection during infant cardiac surgery remain undefined. Despite encouraging experimental data, neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes after cardiac surgery in neonates and infants using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) with a period of intermittent perfusion have not been reported, and it is not known whether it can extend ...
Johnson Joyce T JT Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah and Primary Children's Hospital, 100 N. Mario Capecchi Drive, Salt Lake City, UT, 84113, USA, - - 2014
Echocardiography provides adequate preoperative imaging for most young infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). When anatomic details require further clarification, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) may be useful but adds the risks of sedation or general anesthesia for a vulnerable population. This study aimed to determine the safety of CMRI ...
Vendettuoli V V NICU, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico-Università Degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
The role of prone position in preterm infants has not been completely clarified. We investigated prone versus supine posture-related changes in respiratory system resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) measured by the Forced Oscillation Technique (FOT) in mechanically ventilated preterm newborns. Patients were studied in the supine versus prone positions in ...
Nelson Michelle A MA Duke University School of Nursing (Mss Nelson and Bradshaw) and Neonatal Nurse Practitioner Program, Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Ms - - 2014
Few controlled trials exist to demonstrate the efficacy and the risks of pharmacologic agents used in treating pediatric, and more specifically neonatal patients. It is not different for the central nervous system altering class of drugs, benzodiazepines (BZDs). Little information is known about the long-term effects of BZDs use in ...
Bellamkonda-Athmaram V V Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Alveolar capillary dysplasia is a rare and fatal disease of newborn infants. Here we describe a patient with alveolar capillary dysplasia, multiple congenital anomalies, a novel genetic mutation and previously undocumented airway findings on bronchoscopy. Knowledge of these associations may help diagnose this rare disorder in neonates with hypoxemic respiratory ...
Takeda Akiko A Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama 700-8558, - - 2014
Acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL) with t(1;22)(p13;q13) is a distinct category of myeloid leukemia by WHO classification and mainly reported in infants and young children. Accurate diagnosis of this type of AMKL can be difficult, because a subset of patients have a bone marrow (BM) blast percentage of less than 20% ...
Bhat Ramesh Y RY Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, - - 2014
Hypomelanosis of Ito (HI) is a neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by hypopigmented cutaneous lesions and extracutaneous manifestations frequently affecting the nervous system and the musculoskeletal system. Dysmorphic features, dental, ophthalmic, gastrointestinal, cardiac, and renal abnormalities are described in a minority of patients. The authors describe a 4-month-old infant having HI with ...
Fyneface-Ogan S - - 2014
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a potentially fatal form of heart failure associated with pregnancy. A 27-year-old Nigerian woman, gravida 1, para 0, presented at 31 weeks' gestation with no previous history of hypertension heart disease, but morbidly obese (body mass index of 42 kg/m2), with uncontrolled and hypertension, severe pulmonary oedema ...
Boskovic Aleksandra A Department of Gastroenterology, Mother and Child Health Care Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2014
Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) is the most important cause of neonatal cholestasis. The validity of different diagnostic methods in the diagnosis of EHBA in developed countries has been presented elsewhere, but data from developing countries with low national incomes are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Alamoudi Nm N Preventive Dental Sciences Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
The Objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and describe the characteristics of non-syndromic orofacial cleft (NSOFC) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and examine the influence of consanguinity. Study Design: Six hospitals were selected to represent Jeddah's five municipal districts. New born infants with NSOFC born between 1st of ...
Pyi Son Ma Khin MK College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
Anisometropia was recently shown to occur in 10% of infants diagnosed with dacryostenosis at a mean age of 1 year. The purpose of this study was to determine whether earlier (<1 year) spontaneous resolution or probing decreases the risk of anisometropia in infants with dacryostenosis. The medical records of all ...
Mohsen L L Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Objective:Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) constitutes a significant morbidity in premature infants that can lead to blindness. Multiple retrospective studies have identified neonatal hyperglycemia as a risk for developing ROP. However, in the absence of any reported prospective study, it is not clear whether hyperglycemia is associated with ROP independent of ...
Martin Aaron D AD Children's National Medical Center, Washington, D.C., and Vattikuti Urology Institute, Henry Ford Hospital (MD), Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dilating vesicoureteral reflux provokes concern for physicians and parents that often leads to corrective surgery in young children. Since there are limited data describing the natural history of dilating vesicoureteral reflux in infants, we identified factors predictive of resolution/improvement in infants initially treated nonoperatively. We reviewed the medical records of ...
Fete Mary M National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasia, Mascoutah, - - 2014
The web-based Ectodermal Dysplasia International Registry (EDIR) is a comprehensive patient-reported survey contributing to an understanding of ectodermal dysplasia (ED). XLHED is the most common of the genetic ED syndromes and was the primary diagnosis reported by 223/835 respondents (141 males and 82 females). Overall, 96% of XLHED registrants reported ...
Grill A A Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2014
Type of delivery onset is not currently evaluated for its predictive impact. This study explored whether the type of preterm delivery onset was an antenatal predictor for postnatal mortality in preterm infants <30 weeks' gestation and should be included in antenatal counselling. This retrospective cohort study included 1,117 preterm infants ...
Bansal Danesh D Division of Pediatric Urology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML 5037, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2014
Our aim was to assess the outcomes of infant robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) upper urinary tract reconstruction. The medical records of all infants who underwent RAL upper urinary tract reconstruction were reviewed. Patients less than 1 year of age at surgery were included. Patient demographics, intraoperative details, narcotic usage, and complications ...
Schiering Irene A M IA From the Departments of Neonatology (IAMS, TRDH) and Pediatric Neurology (J-MFN), Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center; and Departments of Clinical Neurophysiology (JHK), Radiology (CBLMM, LR), and (Neuro)Pathology (EA), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam; SEIN-Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland, Heemstede (EA); and Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, Center for Neuroscience, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (EA), The - - 2014
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy after perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in infants. Here, we evaluated pathologic changes in the hippocampi of a cohort of 16 deceased full-term asphyxiated infants who died from January 2000 to January 2009. Histochemical and immunocytochemical results for glial and neuronal cells ...
Murthy K K Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
The Children's Hospitals Neonatal Consortium is a multicenter collaboration of leaders from 27 regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) who partnered with the Children's Hospital Association to develop the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database (CHND), launched in 2010. The purpose of this report is to provide a first summary of the ...
Lee Jeong Soo JS Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
We report herein successful rigid bronchoscopy with preserved spontaneous breathing of a 54-day-old infant with tracheal web associated with previous ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. We considered the use of dexmedetomidine in conjunction with intermittent ketamine from the following three clinical aspects. First, this infant was suffering from respiratory distress ...
Picone Simonetta S Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care, Casilino General Hospital, Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Late preterm (LP) are at higher risk than term infants to develop infections due to their more immature immune system. Little data about the risks and incidence of infection and sepsis in LP are present in literature. To evaluate treated infection rates and risk factors for infection in moderate and ...
Alan Serdar S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Objectives To describe the efficacy of intravenous colistin on clinical and microbiological outcomes in preterm infants with nosocomial sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and define adverse events observed with this treatment. Methods The records of preterm infants who received colistin with or without positive cultures in the NICU were retrospectively ...
Scott M V MV Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Objective:Concern regarding the magnitude and consequences of diagnostic radiation exposure in premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has increased as survival of premature infants has improved. Radiation exposure is not often rigorously monitored in NICU patients. The purpose of this observational study was to quantify the amount of ...
Tuysuz Beyhan B Department of Pediatric Genetics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) in infants with hypotonia between the ages of 0 and 2 years. Karyotyping studies were performed in all infants with hypotonia. The study group was composed of infants with hypotonia for whom the karyotyping was found to be normal. Fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Stanger Jennifer J Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, BC Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Human milk fortifier (HMF) is used in neonatal units throughout North America to facilitate growth of preterm infants. Little data is available on the gastrointestinal side effects and potential adverse events. The purpose of this paper was to present a series of infants presenting with bowel obstruction associated with HMF. ...
Randolph David A DA Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, , Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that acidosis at birth is associated with the combined primary outcome of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, and to develop a predictive model of death/NDI exploring perinatal acidosis as a predictor variable. The study population consisted of ELBW infants born ...
Elalfy Department of Pediatrics, Ain Shams University and National Research Centre, Cairo, - - 2014
Late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) can be serious and manifest as early onset intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to determine the frequency of ICH in relation to vitamin K deficiency and the outcome in infants aged two to 24 weeks. A hospital-based study was conducted in two main ...
O'Byrne Michael L ML Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of genotype on the outcomes of infant cardiac operations has not been well established. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 22q11.2 deletion (22q11del) on infants with truncus arteriosus communis (TA) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) undergoing operative correction during infancy. We conducted ...
Lambertz A A Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Premature infants treated with laparostomy in the first days of their life represent a group of complex patients with high morbidity and mortality rates. Laparostomy is a surgical treatment method in which the peritoneal cavity is opened anteriorly and deliberately left open, hence often called "open abdomen". The aim of ...
Zhou Huixia H Department of Urology, Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military Region General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Minimally invasive surgery is increasingly being adopted in pediatric urology practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and the safety of transumbilical multi-stab laparoscopic pyeloplasty (TMLP) as a treatment for infants younger than 3 months with severe hydronephrosis. We retrospectively reviewed 63 infants younger than 3 ...
Loizou P P Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, The Lister Hospital, Stevenage, - - 2014
Background: It is common for ENT specialists to be called to neonatal intensive care units to assess neonates with suspected laryngomalacia. At Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK, it is standard practice to initially try to assess the larynx whilst the patient is awake. This can cause the patient to cry and ...
Tanphaichitr Archwin A Sleep Disorders Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
To identify the prevalence of and risk factors for central sleep apnea (CSA) in infants who are diagnosed with laryngomalacia. Case series with chart review. Quaternary care pediatric hospital. We performed a chart review in infants with laryngomalacia. All infants had diagnostic polysomnography (PSG) performed from 2003 to 2012. Infants ...
Lollis Tyner R TR Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Mss Lollis and Bradshaw); Novant Health Presbyterian Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina (Ms Lollis); and Duke University Health System, Durham, North Carolina (Ms - - 2014
Fungemia is a serious problem within neonatal intensive care units around the world. Premature infants are at high risk for this complication, which is often fatal. Prophylaxis for invasive fungal infection has been practiced worldwide in different settings and with various patient groups. Both oral and intravenous drugs have been ...
Youn Seo Young SY Department of Pediatrics, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the characteristics of thyroid nodules among infants diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. A retrospective study of 660 infants (374 males, 286 females) diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism was carried out at the Pediatric Endocrine Clinic in Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Korea, between May 2003 and February 2013. The ...
Amel Jamehdar Saeid S Department of Microbiology and Virology, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2014
Neonatal herpes infection is the most serious complication of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) infection during pregnancy and perinatal period. Few studies have reported neonatal HSV infection in developing countries. The aim of this study was to detect the HSV infection among neonates and infants with sepsis. In a cross sectional ...
Matsuda Yoshio Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, 537-3 Iguchi, Nasushiobara, Tochigi 329-2763, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Kawada-cho, 8-1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Umbilical arterial pH (UApH) in severe cerebral palsy (CP) is not fully understood. This work aims to determine the relationship between fetal acidemia and clinical features of severe CP. A retrospective study design is used. A review was conducted unti1 April 2013 among 218 infants with CP diagnosed to be ...
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