Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1019
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Boskovic Aleksandra A Department of Gastroenterology, Mother and Child Health Care Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2014
Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) is the most important cause of neonatal cholestasis. The validity of different diagnostic methods in the diagnosis of EHBA in developed countries has been presented elsewhere, but data from developing countries with low national incomes are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Alamoudi Nm N Preventive Dental Sciences Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
The Objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and describe the characteristics of non-syndromic orofacial cleft (NSOFC) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and examine the influence of consanguinity. Study Design: Six hospitals were selected to represent Jeddah's five municipal districts. New born infants with NSOFC born between 1st of ...
Pyi Son Ma Khin MK College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
Anisometropia was recently shown to occur in 10% of infants diagnosed with dacryostenosis at a mean age of 1 year. The purpose of this study was to determine whether earlier (<1 year) spontaneous resolution or probing decreases the risk of anisometropia in infants with dacryostenosis. The medical records of all ...
Mohsen L L Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Objective:Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) constitutes a significant morbidity in premature infants that can lead to blindness. Multiple retrospective studies have identified neonatal hyperglycemia as a risk for developing ROP. However, in the absence of any reported prospective study, it is not clear whether hyperglycemia is associated with ROP independent of ...
Martin Aaron D AD Children's National Medical Center, Washington, D.C., and Vattikuti Urology Institute, Henry Ford Hospital (MD), Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dilating vesicoureteral reflux provokes concern for physicians and parents that often leads to corrective surgery in young children. Since there are limited data describing the natural history of dilating vesicoureteral reflux in infants, we identified factors predictive of resolution/improvement in infants initially treated nonoperatively. We reviewed the medical records of ...
Fete Mary M National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasia, Mascoutah, - - 2014
The web-based Ectodermal Dysplasia International Registry (EDIR) is a comprehensive patient-reported survey contributing to an understanding of ectodermal dysplasia (ED). XLHED is the most common of the genetic ED syndromes and was the primary diagnosis reported by 223/835 respondents (141 males and 82 females). Overall, 96% of XLHED registrants reported ...
Grill A A Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2014
Type of delivery onset is not currently evaluated for its predictive impact. This study explored whether the type of preterm delivery onset was an antenatal predictor for postnatal mortality in preterm infants <30 weeks' gestation and should be included in antenatal counselling. This retrospective cohort study included 1,117 preterm infants ...
Bansal Danesh D Division of Pediatric Urology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML 5037, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2014
Our aim was to assess the outcomes of infant robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) upper urinary tract reconstruction. The medical records of all infants who underwent RAL upper urinary tract reconstruction were reviewed. Patients less than 1 year of age at surgery were included. Patient demographics, intraoperative details, narcotic usage, and complications ...
Schiering Irene A M IA From the Departments of Neonatology (IAMS, TRDH) and Pediatric Neurology (J-MFN), Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center; and Departments of Clinical Neurophysiology (JHK), Radiology (CBLMM, LR), and (Neuro)Pathology (EA), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam; SEIN-Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland, Heemstede (EA); and Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, Center for Neuroscience, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (EA), The - - 2014
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy after perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in infants. Here, we evaluated pathologic changes in the hippocampi of a cohort of 16 deceased full-term asphyxiated infants who died from January 2000 to January 2009. Histochemical and immunocytochemical results for glial and neuronal cells ...
Murthy K K Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
The Children's Hospitals Neonatal Consortium is a multicenter collaboration of leaders from 27 regional neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) who partnered with the Children's Hospital Association to develop the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database (CHND), launched in 2010. The purpose of this report is to provide a first summary of the ...
Lee Jeong Soo JS Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
We report herein successful rigid bronchoscopy with preserved spontaneous breathing of a 54-day-old infant with tracheal web associated with previous ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. We considered the use of dexmedetomidine in conjunction with intermittent ketamine from the following three clinical aspects. First, this infant was suffering from respiratory distress ...
Picone Simonetta S Division of Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care, Casilino General Hospital, Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Late preterm (LP) are at higher risk than term infants to develop infections due to their more immature immune system. Little data about the risks and incidence of infection and sepsis in LP are present in literature. To evaluate treated infection rates and risk factors for infection in moderate and ...
Alan Serdar S Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Objectives To describe the efficacy of intravenous colistin on clinical and microbiological outcomes in preterm infants with nosocomial sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and define adverse events observed with this treatment. Methods The records of preterm infants who received colistin with or without positive cultures in the NICU were retrospectively ...
Scott M V MV Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Objective:Concern regarding the magnitude and consequences of diagnostic radiation exposure in premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has increased as survival of premature infants has improved. Radiation exposure is not often rigorously monitored in NICU patients. The purpose of this observational study was to quantify the amount of ...
Tuysuz Beyhan B Department of Pediatric Genetics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) in infants with hypotonia between the ages of 0 and 2 years. Karyotyping studies were performed in all infants with hypotonia. The study group was composed of infants with hypotonia for whom the karyotyping was found to be normal. Fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Stanger Jennifer J Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, BC Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Human milk fortifier (HMF) is used in neonatal units throughout North America to facilitate growth of preterm infants. Little data is available on the gastrointestinal side effects and potential adverse events. The purpose of this paper was to present a series of infants presenting with bowel obstruction associated with HMF. ...
Randolph David A DA Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, , Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that acidosis at birth is associated with the combined primary outcome of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, and to develop a predictive model of death/NDI exploring perinatal acidosis as a predictor variable. The study population consisted of ELBW infants born ...
Elalfy Department of Pediatrics, Ain Shams University and National Research Centre, Cairo, - - 2014
Late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) can be serious and manifest as early onset intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to determine the frequency of ICH in relation to vitamin K deficiency and the outcome in infants aged two to 24 weeks. A hospital-based study was conducted in two main ...
O'Byrne Michael L ML Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of genotype on the outcomes of infant cardiac operations has not been well established. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 22q11.2 deletion (22q11del) on infants with truncus arteriosus communis (TA) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) undergoing operative correction during infancy. We conducted ...
Lambertz A A Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Premature infants treated with laparostomy in the first days of their life represent a group of complex patients with high morbidity and mortality rates. Laparostomy is a surgical treatment method in which the peritoneal cavity is opened anteriorly and deliberately left open, hence often called "open abdomen". The aim of ...
Zhou Huixia H Department of Urology, Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military Region General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Minimally invasive surgery is increasingly being adopted in pediatric urology practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and the safety of transumbilical multi-stab laparoscopic pyeloplasty (TMLP) as a treatment for infants younger than 3 months with severe hydronephrosis. We retrospectively reviewed 63 infants younger than 3 ...
Loizou P P Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, The Lister Hospital, Stevenage, - - 2014
Background: It is common for ENT specialists to be called to neonatal intensive care units to assess neonates with suspected laryngomalacia. At Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK, it is standard practice to initially try to assess the larynx whilst the patient is awake. This can cause the patient to cry and ...
Tanphaichitr Archwin A Sleep Disorders Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
To identify the prevalence of and risk factors for central sleep apnea (CSA) in infants who are diagnosed with laryngomalacia. Case series with chart review. Quaternary care pediatric hospital. We performed a chart review in infants with laryngomalacia. All infants had diagnostic polysomnography (PSG) performed from 2003 to 2012. Infants ...
Lollis Tyner R TR Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Mss Lollis and Bradshaw); Novant Health Presbyterian Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina (Ms Lollis); and Duke University Health System, Durham, North Carolina (Ms - - 2014
Fungemia is a serious problem within neonatal intensive care units around the world. Premature infants are at high risk for this complication, which is often fatal. Prophylaxis for invasive fungal infection has been practiced worldwide in different settings and with various patient groups. Both oral and intravenous drugs have been ...
Youn Seo Young SY Department of Pediatrics, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the characteristics of thyroid nodules among infants diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. A retrospective study of 660 infants (374 males, 286 females) diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism was carried out at the Pediatric Endocrine Clinic in Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Korea, between May 2003 and February 2013. The ...
Amel Jamehdar Saeid S Department of Microbiology and Virology, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR - - 2014
Neonatal herpes infection is the most serious complication of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) infection during pregnancy and perinatal period. Few studies have reported neonatal HSV infection in developing countries. The aim of this study was to detect the HSV infection among neonates and infants with sepsis. In a cross sectional ...
Matsuda Yoshio Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, 537-3 Iguchi, Nasushiobara, Tochigi 329-2763, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Kawada-cho, 8-1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Umbilical arterial pH (UApH) in severe cerebral palsy (CP) is not fully understood. This work aims to determine the relationship between fetal acidemia and clinical features of severe CP. A retrospective study design is used. A review was conducted unti1 April 2013 among 218 infants with CP diagnosed to be ...
Du Lei L Department of Pediatric Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, No.1665, Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, - - 2014
The survival rate of infants with gastroschisis has improved significantly. It is over 90% in developed countries, but 50% in developing countries. This study aimed to investigate the factors improving the survival rate of infants with gastroschisis in developing countries. Neonates meeting the inclusion criteria, who presented to our center ...
Aliaga Sofia S Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Neonatal invasive candidiasis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We describe the association between invasive candidiasis and changes in use of antifungal prophylaxis, empirical antifungal therapy, and broad-spectrum antibacterial antibiotics over time. We examined data from 709 325 infants at 322 NICUs managed by the Pediatrix Medical Group from 1997 ...
Knirsch Walter W Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital, Steinwiesstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) are at risk for interstage morbidity and mortality, especially between the first and second surgical stages after the Norwood and hybrid procedures. This study compared the morbidity and mortality of patients treated by either the Norwood or the hybrid procedure for HLHS between ...
Meyer-Marcotty Philipp P Department of Orthodontics (Head: Prof. Dr. A. Stellzig-Eisenhauer), Dental Clinic of the Medical Faculty, University of Wuerzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study analyses pathomorphological and physiological head shapes and classifies the pathomorphology in positional plagiocephaly and brachycephaly. 78 infants with a positional plagiocephaly (5.99 months) and 32 infants with a positional brachycephaly (6.53 months) with a Cephalic index > 94% were investigated in this study and compared to a matched control group ...
Lim Kathleen K Department of Pediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital and University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, - - 2014
The precision of oxygen saturation (SpO2) targeting in preterm infants on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is incompletely characterized. We therefore evaluated SpO2 targeting in infants solely receiving CPAP, aiming to describe their SpO2 profile, to document the frequency of prolonged hyperoxia and hypoxia episodes and of fraction of inspired ...
Kadlub Natacha N APHP (Head: Prof. Vazquez), Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Service de chirurgie Maxillofaciale, Paris 75015, France; Université Paris V, UFR de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris 75006, France; Centre de références des malformations de la face et de la cavité buccale (Head: Prof. Vazquez), Paris 75015, France; Laboratoire de Physiopathologie orale et Moléculaire (Head: Prof. Berdal), INSERM, UMRS 872, Equipe 5, Centre de recherche des Cordeliers, Paris 75006, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In children, and specifically in infants, odontogenic myxomas are extremely rare. In infants, myxoma seems to display mostly the same clinical, radiological and pathological characteristics. This paper presents a series of odontogenic myxomas in infant patients. Four infant patients were included in this retrospective study. The clinical, radiological and pathological ...
Vemulakonda Vijaya M VM Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify geographic variability in the imaging of infants with congenital hydronephrosis at initial pediatric urologic evaluation. We performed a retrospective review of infants aged ≤12 months with congenital hydronephrosis seen as new patients from October 2010 to September 2011 at 3 regionally diverse pediatric urology practices: University of Virginia Hospital, ...
Ramzan Mohammed M 1Pediatric Hematology Oncology & Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Child Health, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital , Old Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi , - - 2014
There is paucity of outcome data for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in infants from India, especially post stem cell transplant (SCT). We report outcome data of eight infants diagnosed with HLH. Mean age was 7.1 months (range 2-11). Mutation analysis was possible in seven patients. One patient had Griscelli syndrome. In ...
Alemzadeh-Ansari Mohammad Hasan - - 2014
Introduction. Urinary calculi in infants are relatively infrequent, but their incidence has increased in the recent decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation, metabolic risk factors, and urinary tract abnormalities in infants suffering from kidney calculus. Materials and Methods. A total of 152 infants were ...
Liu Bo B Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is widely accepted for visualization of the biliary system. However, the sensitivity and specificity of MRCP for the diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) are still not fully elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of three-dimensional MRCP (3D-MRCP) for BA in a large cohort ...
Shahjahan M M Dr Md Shahjahan, MS, Pediatric Surgery, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, - - 2014
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system. Diagnosis can be confirmed by rectal biopsy. The surgical management of HD includes so many procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the out come of single-stage transanal endorectal pull-through operation for short segment HD in neonates ...
Stathis George G Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, General University Hospital "ATTIKON", Chaidari, GR 124 62, Athens, - - 2014
Acute lipoid pneumonia (LP) in children is a rare disorder caused by the aspiration of oil-based substances and is difficult to diagnose due to non-specific clinical symptoms and radiological findings. We report the case of a 5-month-old male infant with acute LP caused by accidental aspiration of a large amount ...
Bawa Pritish P 0000-0003-4130-7554 Department of Radiology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11203, - - 2014
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is not an uncommon finding in premature infants with respiratory distress who need respiratory support by mechanical ventilation. PIE has been reported in a few cases of neonates in whom either no treatment other than room air was given or they were given continuous positive end-expiratory ...
Albanna Ehab Am EA Department of Pediatrics, Faulty of Medicine Zagazig University, - - 2014
Calprotectin is a 36 kDa protein present in the cytoplasm of the neutrophil has antimicrobial and apoptosis inducing activities. In vitro studies have shown that calprotectin inhibits the growth of various microorganisms. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units ...
Jani P P Grace Centre's for Newborn Care, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW, - - 2014
To provide analysis on infants treated for right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (RCDH) including mortality, neonatal morbidities, and associated congenital anomalies. We reviewed records of infants admitted with RCDH from 1985 to 2010. A total of 160 infants with CDH were identified; of them 22 infants had RCDH, 14 (64%) were ...
Laudanski Piotr P 0000-0001-8955-8198 Department of Perinatology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, 15-276 Podlasie, Poland ; Department of Perinatology and Obstetrics, Medical University of Bialystok, Marii Sklodowskiej Curie 24a, 15-273 Bialystok, - - 2014
Introduction. Nowadays it is thought that the main cause of premature birth is subclinical infection. However, none of the currently used methods provide effective prevention to preterm labor. The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of selected chemokines in sera of patients with premature birth without clinical ...
Whitsett Jeffrey A JA Perinatal Institute, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Advances in the physiology, biochemistry, molecular and cell biology of the pulmonary surfactant system transformed the clinical care and outcome of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. The molecular era of surfactant biology provided genetic insights into the pathogenesis of pulmonary disorders, previously termed 'idiopathic', that affect newborn infants, children ...
El Mazloum Dania D Unit of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Women's and Children's Health Department, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of preterm birth, especially in infants who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which is still a major cause of long-term lung dysfunction with a heavy burden on health care services and medical resources throughout childhood. The most severely affected patients remain symptomatic even ...
Vento Máximo M Neonatal Research Unit, Division of Neonatology, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
Oxygen is one of the most widely used drugs in the neonatal period. A lack of knowledge of oxygen metabolism and toxicity has prompted guidelines to fluctuate from liberal use to treat respiratory distress to restriction to avoid retinopathy of prematurity. In recent years, studies performed in the immediate postnatal ...
Gallini F F Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Unit Catholic University Largo F. Vito 1, 00136 Rome - Italy. - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disorder common among very preterm infants affecting significantly not only mortality and morbidity but also neurodevelopmental outcomes. This review aims to identify the short and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants with BPD, considering that the new definition of BPD allows to relate severity ...
Ventura M L ML . - - 2014
Despite a even more frequent use to non-invasive respiratory support, mechanical ventilation is stilloften necessary for supporting premature infants with lung disease. Protracted mechanical ventilation is associatedwith increased morbidity and mortality and thus the earliest weaning from invasive respiratory supportis desirable. Weaning protocols may be helpful in achieving more rapid ...
Wright Lydia K LK Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia; Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, - - 2013
Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defects (CHDs) is increasingly common, but it is still unclear whether it translates to improved postoperative outcomes. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all infants (aged <1 year) who underwent surgery for CHDs from 2006 to 2011 at a single institution. Primary outcomes were in-hospital ...
Seltzer Laurie E LE Department of Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: - - 2013
During the surgical repair of infants with congenital cardiac defects, there can be periods of decreased cerebral blood flow, particularly during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. As a result, these infants are at increased risk for seizures and long-term neurodevelopmental difficulties. Thirty-two infants with congenital heart disease had continuous video-electroencephalographic (EEG) ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >