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Jonas A - - 1990
During the 3-year period, January 1986 through December 1988, 7 of 24 infants evaluated for cholestatic liver disease were found to have choledocholithiasis with or without associated gallbladder disease. Five were born prematurely with associated predisposing factors, especially systemic infection and total parenteral nutrition. The clinical course varied from spontaneous ...
Blair G K - - 1990
Intussusception occurs most commonly between the fifth and ninth month of life. Affected infants are usually healthy and born at full gestation age. We describe a case of intussusception occurring in a 10-day-old, 700-g neonate born at 28 weeks' gestation. The diagnosis was made at laparotomy 7 days after colostomy ...
Netherland D - - 1990
Hydrostatic reduction of intussusception is definitive therapy in most infants with this abnormality. In the older child, adolescent, and adult, a polyp or tumor is often present. Operative intervention should be considered earlier in the clinical course both to relieve the intussusception and to define the nature of the lead ...
Hancock B J - - 1990
Infants with short-bowel syndrome are difficult to manage. Despite supportive measures with parenteral nutrition and surgery to lengthen remaining bowel or increase functional absorptive surface area, the outcome for many of these infants is poor. We have reviewed a series of seven infants diagnosed with severe short bowel. Causes included ...
Holgersen L O - - 1990
Three infants aged 2 days to 11 weeks with conjugated hyperbilirubinenemia, had sonographically documented dilated common hepatic bile ducts, and echogenic material in the gallbladder. A 2-day-old infant, born to a diabetic mother, had none of the classic predisposing factors for cholelithiasis, and two infants had received total parenteral nutrition ...
Chilukuri S - - 1990
Spontaneous perforation of the biliary system is an unusual neonatal phenomenon that is rarely recognized at birth. To date, it has not been reported antenatally. A 16-year-old pregnant adolescent had an ultrasonogram at 25 weeks of pregnancy that revealed ascites in the fetus. After the infant was delivered at 32 ...
Yoshida A - - 1990
Previous reports suggested that the major cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH1) was present in fetal and infant livers, but the major mitochondrial isozyme (ALDH2) was absent or severely diminished. Re-examination by means of starch gel electrophoresis followed by enzyme activity staining, and by means of dot blot immuno-hybridization of liver samples ...
Brzezińska-Slebodzińska E - - 1990
The maturation of the 5'- and 5-monodeiodinase system in liver, kidney and brown adipose tissue of rabbits, during the foetal period (from 21 days of gestation to birth) and the neonatal period (from birth to 3 weeks of life) was studied. A sudden increase of 5'- and 5-monodeiodinase activity in ...
Fuller C E - - 1990
The relationship between immunohistochemically demonstrable hepatic metallothionein (MT) and age was studied in histologically normal livers from 12 fetuses (13-28 weeks' gestation) and 19 children (birth-4 years). In addition, the relationships between copper (rubeanic acid-positive), copper-associated protein (orcein-positive), lipofuscin (periodic acid Schiff after diastase digestion and Schmorls-positive), and MT (immunostaining) ...
Fung K P - - 1990
Discriminant analysis was used to differentiate between extrahepatic biliary atresia and intrahepatic cholestasis. Among the ten laboratory variables tested, three (gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and total serum bilirubin) were useful in the differential diagnosis. gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase contributed most to the discrimination (85%). From a population study of 28 babies with ...
Flye M W - - 1990
Two infants with hereditary tyrosinemia secondary to fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) deficiency underwent orthotopic liver transplantation at 14 and 16 weeks of age due to poor clinical and biochemical response to medical therapy. Prompt clearance of abnormal metabolites with improved mental alertness and appetite occurred with minimal perioperative complications. Both infants ...
Brown S C SC Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of the Orange Free State, - - 1990
Visual inspection of stools for the presence or absence of bile pigment was evaluated prospectively to determine its value in differentiating between biliary atresia and hepatitis. In a group of 23 infants with prolonged neonatal cholestasis the presence of stool pigment excluded extrahepatic biliary atresia, while its absence was suggestive ...
Iles R A - - 1990
Localized 31P NMR spectroscopy was used to study the developing human liver in three neonates and one infant, all with neonatal intracranial problems, but normal liver function. A prominent resonance was present in the phosphomonoester (PME) region of the spectrum of the neonates; the PME/ATP ratio was 1.0 +/- 0.4 ...
Pawłowska J - - 1990
Serum concentrations of bile acids and bilirubin, and activity of alanine transferase and alkaline phosphatase as well as bile acid and bilirubin levels in duodenal contents were determined in 90 infants aged 1-44 weeks (including 49 under 10 weeks of age) admitted to hospital for prolonged jaundice. Infants with extrahepatic ...
Verbeke C - - 1990
Graphic reconstruction of dilated intrahepatic lymphatics in a 36 week old fetus displayed an anastomosing network of channels with intraluminal valves. Examination of the liver in 42 fetuses between the gestational age of 15 to 40 weeks showed that lymph vessels were visible as early as the 15th week. The ...
Brown D M - - 1990
Common bile duct obstruction, in an infant with bile plug syndrome, was relieved at surgery with a mucolytic agent, after an unsuccessful attempt at clearing the biliary tree with saline irrigation. This procedure obviated choledochotomy in this patient, and may be of use in other infants with ductal obstruction complicating ...
Laxer R M - - 1990
We report the cases of neonatal lupus erythematosus associated with significant hepatic involvement in three living infants and in one infant who died 3 hours after delivery. The three living infants had neonatal cholestasis as a major component of their clinical findings. Pathologic changes included giant cell transformation, ductal obstruction, ...
Rosenthal P - - 1990
To assess the utility of the serum aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) ratio in a group of infants with liver disorders, we retrospectively analyzed the charts of 73 infants with chronic liver disorders. Patients were considered as having either a good outcome (n = 40) or a poor outcome (n = ...
Becroft D M - - 1990
Two infants with Down syndrome, one 4 weeks old and the other stillborn, at necropsy showed hepatic and pancreatic fibrosis, which was very severe in the liver of the liveborn infant and in the pancreas of the stillbirth. The liveborn infant had typical hematological features of the transient congenital leukemoid ...
Hagenmaier H - - 1990
A defined mixture of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs and PCDFs) was subcutaneously administered to a pregnant marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus) 11 weeks prior to delivery. Transfer of PCDDs and PCDFs via placenta and mother's milk was investigated by measurement of concentrations in a newborn 1 day after birth and ...
Bielańska-Osuchowska Z - - 1990
Quantitative changes in the developing liver of the pig embryo have been studied in the light microscope by stereological methods. Between days 18 and 112 of gestation the volumetric fraction of hepatocytes in the liver significantly increased and the volumetric fraction of blood vessels decreased. The haemopoietic cells reached the ...
Conover P T - - 1990
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and other clotting abnormalities are common in sick newborn infants who have a variety of conditions. To document evidence of DIC at autopsy, immunoperoxidase staining of fibrin-related antigens (FRA) was used to detect intravascular microthrombi in liver, kidney, and lung from 127 newborns. Patients were selected ...
Drongowski R A - - 1989
The risk of developmental of total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-associated cholestatic jaundice in neonates receiving intravenous hyperalimentation is high. Numerous factors have been cited as contributing to TPN cholestasis; however, the exact etiology remains obscure. This retrospective study was undertaken in order to identify any factors which might contribute to this ...
Tolia V - - 1989
A prospective study was undertaken on 49 infants with prolonged neonatal cholestasis to determine whether the specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of 99mTc-disofenin scintigraphy can be improved by performing simultaneous radioactivity measurements on duodenal and gastric aspirates along with routine imaging. Specificity of routine scintigraphy was improved by this modification from ...
Baill I C - - 1989
A recently submitted placenta was found to be histopathologically unique. Funicitis was present at the early gestational age of 22 1/7 weeks, and an abscessed allantoic duct remnant was present. The latter finding had not previously been seen at this pathology department, nor could reference to it be found in ...
Metzman R - - 1989
A hydropic premature infant with intrauterine growth retardation died at 4 days of age and was found at necropsy to have advanced liver disease. Clinical and serologic findings in mother and infant were consistent with recent parvovirus B19 infection. Parvovirus can cause fetal liver disease in animals, and some instances ...
Vajaradul C - - 1989
The differentiation between extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) and neonatal hepatitis (NH) was studied in 53 Thai infants (39 males, 14 females) with obstructive cholangiopathy at the Department of Pediatrics, Siriraj hospital. Prevalence of EHBA was 25 per cent (13 of 15) overall. A higher prevalence of EHBA was found in ...
Kahn E - - 1989
Paucity of interlobular bile ducts is a common feature of cholestatic liver disease in premature infants. Whereas a bile duct to portal space ratio of 0.9 to 1.8 is cited by Alagille as the norm for children, there are no data regarding the normal bile duct to portal space ratio ...
Beckett G J - - 1989
Concentrations of glutathione S-transferase (glutathione transferase; EC 2.5.1.18) B1 and B2 subunits (B1 and B2) and activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT; EC 2.6.1.2) were measured in sequential plasma samples taken from 14 infants with birth asphyxia. Within 6 h of asphyxia, abnormal concentrations of B1 were found in 11 infants, ...
Brotman B - - 1989
Two chimpanzees were born to parents with chronic non-A, non-B hepatitis and remained with their mothers until 12 and 18 months, respectively. The infants were followed from 7 to 8 weeks of age with biweekly or monthly blood samples and with monthly liver biopsies from 4 to 7 months after ...
Klein G L - - 1989
Bone abnormalities may complicate parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy given to patients. Bone disease, manifested by reduced bone formation and demineralization in adults, and poor mineralization in infants, is associated with bone aluminum accumulation at the mineralizing surface. Aluminum was first shown to contaminate casein hydrolysate, the PN protein source. Substitution ...
Rosenthal P - - 1989
We evaluated [99mTc]diisopropylphenyl-carbamoylmethylimidodiacetic acid ([99mTc]DISIDA) cholescintigraphy with measurement of duodenal fluid radioactivity collected by the string test in patients with neonatal cholestasis. Twenty-six infants with prolonged jaundice and acholic stools were studied prospectively. Twelve patients had neonatal hepatitis, 12 biliary atresia, and one each Alagille syndrome and alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency ...
Williams J W - - 1989
Two infants with short-bowel syndrome and liver failure associated with obligatory parenteral nutrition received a composite allograft that consisted of en bloc liver, stomach, duodenum, pancreas, jejunum, and ileum. Solutions to the fatal complications in the first case resulted in a functioning composite splanchnic system in the second case. Despite ...
Tshibwabwa-Tumba E - - 1989
Ultrasonography demonstrated intussusception in a healthy and well nourished seven-month-old infant who presented with a four-day history of vomiting and abdominal pain. Plain film showed a right-sided abdominal mass, a paucity of gas within the right lower quadrant and loops of distended small bowel. This led to ultrasonography of the ...
Han B K - - 1989
A prospective sonographic study of the normal thymus in 56 infants was performed to determine the shape, extent, and echogenicity of normal thymic tissue. The thymus had either a triangular or teardrop shape on longitudinal scans and a trapezoidal or bilobate shape on transverse scans. Typically, the thymus was located ...
Treem W R - - 1989
Two infants under 3 mo of age who presented with obstructive jaundice secondary to cholelithiasis are reported. Neither infant had any congenital anatomic abnormality of the biliary tract leading to stasis, yet both had cultures of gallbladder bile that grew abundant bacteria. In both, recovery of gallbladder bile and sludge ...
Weiss M - - 1989
The first female child of healthy German parents, breast-fed for 5 weeks, developed progressive abdominal distension due to hepatosplenomegaly at the age of 7 months and died from acute liver failure 3 months later. Histology showed destruction of liver architecture with extreme hepatocellular copper storage, characteristic of "Indian childhood cirrhosis" ...
Abd el Ghany A B - - 1989
A laparoscopic-guided technique of percutaneous gallstone fragmentation/removal has been developed in the pig. The procedure entails the creation of a percutaneous access cholecystostomy. The access tract can be safely dilated after 7 days to F16, thereby allowing the introduction of both the Olympus flexible and the Berci-Shore rigid choledochoscopes. Following ...
Gourley M F - - 1989
We describe a premature infant with cholestatic liver disease and protease inhibitor MS phenotype. This infant demonstrated an abnormally low serum alpha 1-antitrypsin concentration. Liver histologic studies revealed diastase-resistant, periodic acid-Schiff-positive globules inside hepatocytes. Immunoperoxidase staining for alpha 1-antitrypsin was positive. Electron microscopy showed amorphous material in the dilated lumina ...
Nittono H - - 1989
The prognosis of operated biliary atresia in the cases with bile excretion chiefly depends upon the prevention of ascending cholangitis. An antibiotic is therefore intravenously administered during the early postoperative phase, but cannot be used over a long period. In the cases showing satisfactory bile excretion after operation, ascending cholangitis ...
Maselle R M - - 1989
An epidemy of fatal posterior weakness was observed in Norwegian dairy goats with a spontaneous character (high fever, collapse, death). Clinical, postmortem, and histopathological findings indicated gastroenteritis, liver damage (necrotic foci), soft kidneys, pneumonia, and depletion of liver glycogen in goats up to 4 months of age. In older animals ...
Heyman M B - - 1988
The differentiation of infantile biliary malformations from primary parenchymal diseases is difficult. The recent development of a pediatric side-viewing endoscope (PJF Endoscope; Olympus Corporation of America) provided an opportunity to investigate the usefulness of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) for precise visualization of the extrahepatic biliary passages in infants with persistent ...
Sveger T - - 1988
During 1972-1974, 200,000 Swedish infants were screened for alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency. Of 127 PiZ (Protease inhibitor) children followed from infancy to 12 years of age, four PiZ children with neonatal liver disease have died; two of liver cirrhosis, one was found to have liver cirrhosis at autopsy, having died of ...
Kobayashi A - - 1988
The fecal flora of nine bottle-fed infants with biliary atresia were examined to determine the effects of the absence of bile on the intestinal flora. The numbers of the following fecal flora were significantly reduced compared with healthy infants: bifidobacteria, lecithinase-negative clostridia, streptococci, and staphylococci. Bifidobacteria were reduced to the ...
Kyyrönen P - - 1988
Information on oesophageal, duodenal and rectal atresias was collected from the hospitals, malformation register and death certificates in Finland from 1970-79. The respective prevalence rates were 4.1, 1.4 and 3.6 per 10,000 births, which are among the highest rates cited in the literature. Mothers of children with oesophageal and duodenal ...
Knudson M - - 1988
Intussusception is an uncommon condition, but it is the most frequent cause of bowel obstruction in infants and children aged 3 months to 5 years. If undiagnosed, it can result in bowel necrosis, perforation, and even death. Four cardinal signs and symptoms (abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, vomiting, and abdominal mass) ...
Treem W R - - 1988
Direct visualization of the extrahepatic biliary tree is difficult in infants and young children without resorting to an intraoperative cholangiogram. Small size and lack of dilated intrahepatic ducts especially in infants with cholestatic jaundice often preclude using the techniques of percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. We studied the ...
Shah K K - - 1988
In 43 patients with various hepatobiliary disorders, we compared retrospectively the sensitivity and specificity of hepatobiliary scintigraphy and ultrasonography in diagnosing extrahepatic biliary obstruction. Hepatic uptake of radioactivity from the circulation was assessed by early scintiscan at 2 min, and the clearance ratio was combined with transit time in the ...
Romero R - - 1988
Hepatic dysfunction is one of the frequent manifestations of multisystemic involvement in preeclampsia. This study was conducted to establish the impact of liver dysfunction on maternal and neonatal outcome in women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). The prevalence of liver dysfunction as determined by an elevated serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT) ...
Müller-Höcker J - - 1988
A severe copper storage disease of the liver with micronodular cirrhosis resembling Indian childhood cirrhosis (ICC) was found in two siblings of a German family leading to death in one infant at the age of 13 months. The fatal outcome correlated with severe ballooning of hepatocytes and excessive formation of ...
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