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Results 651 - 700 of 1025
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Matsui A - - 1996
Two infants with biliary atresia who exhibited three-fold increased trough levels of tacrolimus and required reduced doses during episodes of acute infantile diarrhea within 5 months of liver transplantation are described. The cause of the increase was not explained simply by hemoconcentration as a result of significant loss of extracellular ...
Haque A K - - 1996
An autopsy study was conducted to investigate whether there is transplacental transfer of asbestos in humans. The asbestos burden of lung, liver, skeletal muscle, and placenta digests of 40 stillborn infants was determined using a bleach digestion method. The fibers detected in the tissue digests were characterized as to the ...
Papadopoulou F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Inversion of the superior mesenteric vessels is associated with various conditions. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the position of these vessels in infants with idiopathic ileocolic intussusception. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Abdominal sonography was performed before and after reduction of ileocolic intussusception in 16 infants. RESULTS: ...
Yamagiwa I - - 1996
In order to investigate the possibility of early discrimination of extrahepatic biliary atresia from other cholestatic diseases, a series of results of liver function tests in infants with cholestatic diseases were reviewed. The results of routine liver function tests (LFT) recorded in patients' charts were reviewed within 12 weeks after ...
Bunchman T E - - 1996
The care of an infant with primary hyperoxaluria and oxalosis is discussed. After an unheralded presentation, followed by 9 months of intensive treatment that included combined hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, the infant successfully underwent combined liver and kidney transplantation to definitely address both kidney failure and the underlying metabolic defect. ...
Shneider B L - - 1996
Neonatal liver failure (NLF) is a distinct and unusual clinical syndrome that requires a specialized approach to its management. This review establishes a definition of NLF and provides a literature-supported differential diagnosis. A specific approach to the diagnostic work-up of an infant with NLF based on this differential diagnosis is ...
Davenport M - - 1996
A number of features (eg, age at time of surgery, size of microscopic biliary ductules) have been suggested to be useful predictors of the efficacy of portoenterostomy in the treatment of biliary atresia. However, no previous study has attempted to quantify the macroscopic appearance of the degree of hepatobiliary damage ...
Yachha S K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To know the magnitude, etiology and clinical profile, the efficacy of various investigations and the outcome in patients with neonatal cholestasis syndrome (NCS). DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of 60 consecutive infants with NCS (mean age 3.9 +/- 1.9 months; 49 males) over a period of 3.5 years. SETTING: Tertiary level ...
Halpern Z - - 1996
In the past, biliary lipids of infants and children were studied in duodenal aspirates. This study was performed on original bile aspirated from the gallbladder. The analysis of lipids in bile demonstrated a significantly lower total lipid content in the bile of infants than in children (3.3 g/dl vs. 9.1 ...
Araikum S - - 1996
A compartmental model describing the extraction and disposition of 99mTc-acetanilidoiminodiacetic acid (IDA) compounds by the liver has been applied to 5 adult patients admitted for cholecystitis investigations and 29 jaundiced infants the majority of whom were clinically differentiable into neonatal hepatitic and biliary atretic groups. METHODS: In each case kinetic ...
Coni P - - 1996
The newborn liver is a proven model for the study of liver storage of copper and iron. We analyzed zinc concentration and distribution in the livers of newborns and infants using a systematic tissue-sampling technique. We studied 14 newborns of 26-41 weeks of gestation (WG). One stillborn, and three infants ...
Winslow B T - - 1996
Intussusception is the invagination of one bowel segment into another. It is an emergent condition that most commonly affects infants between five and nine months of age, but it can also occur in other age groups. The etiology is usually idiopathic in infants five to nine months of age; neonates, ...
Wu T J - - 1996
To evaluate the incidence, clinical course, and possible risk factors of cholestasis in very low-birth-weight infants. A retrospective study of 143 very low-birth-weight infants was performed. Cholestasis was defined as direct-reacting bilirubin > 2 mg/dL for more than 14 days. The clinical course of cholestasis was described, and perinatal risk ...
Ishitani M B - - 1996
Choledocholithiasis in neonates and infants has been reported only rarely. Infants with complications of prematurity are more predisposed to development of biliary calculi. With the current widespread use of diagnostic ultrasonography, more neonates may be found to have gallstones and common bile duct stones. We describe a case of choledocholithiasis ...
Andres J M - - 1996
Neonatal hepatobiliary disorders are now better understood due primarily to new discoveries in molecular genetics, virology, and immunology. Because they are almost always pathologic and require early intervention, the neonatologist must recognize infants with these hepatocellular and ductal cholestatic problems occurring in the first few weeks of life. This article ...
Penrith M L - - 1996
Ataxia associated with myelopathy and low liver copper concentrations is described in a blesbok (Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi) and black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) from the Karoo Nature Reserve, Graaff-Reinet. This syndrome, which occurs in neonatal and delayed forms, has been described in sheep, goats, pigs and domesticated red deer, but reports ...
Park W H - - 1996
Eleven cases of biliary atresia (BA) and eight of neonatal hepatitis (NH) were studied, using transmission electron microscopy, to document their different ultrastructural characteristics and to elucidate the possible pathogenesis of biliary atresia. Among 30 consecutive liver biopsies obtained from 19 infants with BA or NH, 21 specimens composed (13 ...
Kok T - - 1996
The ability of ultrasound to detect biliary obstruction, bile leakage and generalized ductal changes after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) was compared to cholangiography. Cholangiography was considered to be the gold standard. Adequate opacification of the biliary tree was achieved in 139 cholangiograms. Biliary obstruction, intermediate or large bile leakage, and ...
Suchy F J - - 1996
Extrahepatic biliary atresia is a disease of unknown cause, leading to profound cholestasis and progres-sive biliary cirrhosis. This paper discusses the diagnosis and management of this condition. It is stressed that bile flow can be established in 80-90% of infants referred to surgery within 60 days after birth. Liver transplantation ...
Roberts E A - - 1995
Family physicians should see all infants between 2 and 4 weeks of age to exclude persistent jaundice. Early identification of infants with jaundice due to liver disease might lead to better outcomes not only for infants with extrahepatic biliary atresia but for all infants with neonatal liver diseases. The case ...
Forchielli M L - - 1995
Cholestasis often occurs in infants on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for long periods. Amino acid formulations developed specifically for infants, namely Aminosyn PF and Trophamine, may protect against cholestasis associated with total parenteral nutrition (CATPN). The development of cholestasis may also be caused by other risk factors such as prematurity, ...
Stein B - - 1995
PURPOSE: To determine the importance of intrahepatic calcifications seen sonographically in the fetus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed sonograms obtained in fetuses scanned between 16 and 40 gestational weeks in whom intrahepatic calcifications were seen. The number and character of these calcifications were determined. Follow-up scans obtained in ...
Jacquemin E - - 1995
We report 18 premature infants (gestational age: 31.1 weeks +/- 2.6 [mean +/- SD] (range: 28-36]) with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) who developed total parenteral nutrition (TPN) associated cholestasis. Liver function tests were performed at the start of TPN (D1) and repeated once a week. Considering the date of cholestasis onset ...
Jazrawi R P - - 1995
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Impaired gallbladder emptying is implicated in gallstone disease. Ultrasonography and scintigraphy have shown conflicting results because the former is influenced by postprandial refilling, whereas the latter is not influenced by refilling. The aim of this study was to measure postprandial refilling and turnover of bile by combining ...
Harris J - - 1995
A study has been made on certain epidemiological characteristics of infants with alimentary tract atresia: esophageal atresia, small and large gut atresia, and anal atresia. Data were collected from three malformation registries and represent a material of more than 4.5 million births. A total of 3,550 infants with alimentary atresia ...
Lugo Vicente H L - - 1995
Biliary Atresia is the most common cause of persistently direct (conjugated) hyperbilirubinemia in the first three months of life. It is a progressive inflammatory obliteration of the extra- and intrahepatic bile ducts whose pathogenesis remains speculative. This review updates the history, etio-pathological considerations, clinical manifestations, methods of diagnosis, surgical management, ...
Endo M - - 1995
This study was undertaken to define the role of an ileocolic conduit that was devised as anti-reflux procedure in comparative study with Roux-en-Y type reconstruction in infants with biliary atresia treated at a single institution. The ileocolic conduit (IC) consisted of 30 cm of distal ileum anastomosed to the portahepatis ...
Fu L S - - 1995
A three-month old Chinese male infant was a victim of neonatal hepatitis presenting with prolonged jaundice, poor body weight gain, progressive hepatosplenomegaly and extremely elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein level. Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) type C was confirmed by autopsy, which revealed sphingolmyelin deposition in multiple visceral organs, and normal sphingomyelinase activity in ...
Lamont A C - - 1995
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonic image analysis aims to provide information related to tissue histology. Routine ultrasonography uses subjective criteria for analysis. Quantitation of the image is expected to aid diagnosis and may be helpful in follow-up of pathology. The authors describe normal findings in infant liver and kidney. METHODS: Texture ...
Bhagwat S S - - 1995
Isolated jejunal varices are an uncommon manifestation of portal hypertension. A one and a half year old boy presented with recurrent, massive gastrointestinal bleeding from jejunal varices. The bleeding site was identified at exploratory laparotomy. Jejunal resection and anastomosis resulted in complete resolution of the bleeding and there has been ...
von Schweinitz D - - 1995
We report on 26 infants under 3 months of age with various liver tumors, who were treated in our hospital since 1977 and/or registered in the German Cooperative Pediatric Liver Tumor Study HB-89. 17 of these had an infantile hemangioendothelioma (inf HE), 7 a hepatoblastoma (HB), one a mesenchymal hamartoma ...
Bruce S - - 1995
A preterm infant presented with high-output cardiac failure. Color Doppler imaging of the liver revealed a large hepatic hemangioma. Pulsed-wave Doppler of the proximal aorta was used to monitor noninvasively the reduction in flow through the arteriovenous malformation in response to steroid therapy. The hemangioma resolved completely by 7 weeks ...
Bayliss E A - - 1995
The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu) and Manganese (Mn) in hepatic tissue from extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). Liver biopsy samples were obtained at time of portoenterostomy from 49 infants ages 1.1 to 20.7 months (median 2.1) with EHBA. Samples were dry ...
Böhle A S - - 1995
Formation of bile calculi in the common bile duct is a rare event in early infancy. The following article describes the case of a 20-week-old infant with anal atresia and a deep rectovaginal fistula who presented with recurrent jaundice due to a single calculus in the common bile duct that ...
Ekström T J - - 1995
IGF2 has been shown to be expressed preferentially from the paternally derived allele, although the maternal allele can be found active during both prenatal and postnatal development as well as in neoplastic tumours in humans. We addressed here whether or not the biallelic expression patterns that can be seen during ...
Davenport M - - 1995
Hemangioendotheliomas are the most common type of hepatic vascular tumors that present in infancy. Eleven infants (nine boys, two girls) were referred for definitive management from 1970 through 1990. Ten were symptomatic, and the majority required intensive medical therapy because of cardiac failure. All were treated surgically. Three underwent partial ...
Abdullah A M - - 1995
The finding of high conjugated bilirubin needs prompt evaluation to rule out liver or bile duct pathology. If assessment of total and direct bilirubin is carried routinely in any infant whose jaundice persists for more than 2 weeks, early identification of a group of children who need corrective surgery for ...
Johnson J L - - 1994
Amebic liver abscess (ALA) is uncommon in the United States and is potentially lethal when acquired during the first year of life. The clinical course of ALA in a 10-month-old infant is presented and the characteristics of 18 previously described cases of infants with ALA from the United States are ...
Kawana S - - 1994
A 4-week-old male infant who developed blisters on the face, hands and buttocks immediately after birth was diagnosed as suffering from generalized epidermolysis bullosa (EB) simplex (Köbner). At 6 months of age, centrifugally expanding erythema circinatum suddenly appeared on the trunk and limbs. Blood tests showed transient elevation of liver ...
Vassilakis J S - - 1994
BACKGROUND: It is documented that truncal vagotomy and Billroth II gastroenterostomy disturbs the emptying of the gallbladder. The aim of the present prospective study was to assess the emptying of the gallbladder after Roux-en-Y gastroenterostomy. STUDY DESIGN: There were 34 patients, who had undergone either truncal vagotomy with pyloroplasty (TVP, ...
Gilissen R A - - 1994
Sulphation of the genotoxic compounds N-hydroxy-4-aminobiphenyl (N-OH-4ABP) and N-hydroxy-4-acetylaminobiphenyl (N-OH-4AABP) was determined in cytosolic preparations of human foetal, neonatal and adult liver and foetal and neonatal adrenal gland. Sulphotransferase (ST) activity capable of sulphating these compounds was present in foetal liver and adrenal gland by 14 weeks of gestation. Sulphation ...
Obinata K - - 1994
A simple assay of bile salt sulphotransferase activity in human liver was developed. The system used glycolithocholate and PAPS as substrates. Km values for glycolithocholate and PAPs were 2.8 microM and 11.5 microM, respectively. Furthermore bile salt sulphation capacity in infants with cholestasis was investigated by measuring the activity of ...
Noble J W - - 1994
Serious incidents of pyrrolizidine alkaloidosis of cattle in 10 herds exposed to the Australian native plant, Senecio lautus (Asteraceae), were seen in central Queensland during 1988-1992. The deaths of 226 cattle were recorded. A mean of 8% of cattle died in affected groups (range 2 to 58%). Sickness and deaths ...
Tan C E - - 1994
Biliary atresia is an obliterative disorder of the bile ducts, causing obstructive jaundice in neonates. In this study, the developing biliary system of normal human embryos and fetuses was examined and compared with the resected extrahepatic biliary remnants from 205 cases of biliary atresia. At the porta hepatis level, it ...
Mews C - - 1994
It is imperative that serum bilirubin fractionation be performed in any infant whose jaundice is prolonged to identify the infant who has cholestasis. Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia always is pathologic, and a well-organized and expedient diagnostic evaluation should be undertaken to identify those conditions that are treatable medically or surgically if they ...
Akiyama T - - 1994
Early diagnosis is crucial for treatment and prognosis of biliary atresia (BA). We used near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) for screening of BA. Fecal samples were collected from 200 healthy infants and 16 infants for whom either BA or neonatal hepatitis was diagnosed. Diagnoses were made retrospectively by other diagnostic ...
Bale P M - - 1994
We report the necropsy findings for three infants with the unusual combination of proximal renal tubular dysgenesis and severe congenital liver disease with excessive iron in several organs resembling neonatal hemochromatosis. Two of the infants were caucasian siblings and one was an Australian aborigine. One died in utero at 35 ...
Cazeneuve C - - 1994
1. Caffeine metabolism was studied in human liver microsomes from foetuses (n = 10), neonates (n = 10), infants (n = 9) and adults (n = 5). Caffeine and its metabolites, 1-3-7-trimethyluric acid, paraxanthine, theophylline and theobromine, were assayed by h.p.l.c. Methoxyresorufin-O-demethylase activity (MEROD) was determined and immunoquantifiable levels of ...
Richardson S C - - 1994
Infection with reovirus serotype 3 (reo 3) has been postulated to be associated with extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) in infants, and with neonatal hepatitis (NNH). We have investigated this association by assaying antireo 3 antibodies in sera from infants (aged < 4 months) with EHBA (n = 40), NNH (59), ...
Wang Y J - - 1994
A case of appendiceal abscess presenting leukemoid reaction is reported. A seven-month-old male infant was admitted because of fever and diarrhea. Anemic conjunctiva and mild abdominal distension were the only physical findings on arrival. Progressive leukocytosis with left shift maturation was noted during hospitalization. The maximal white blood cell count ...
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