Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1025
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Basaran Umit Nusret - - 2002
Spontaneous prenatal closure of gastroschisis (GS) is rare and usually associated with atresia of the midgut. We describe a case of GS diagnosed at 20 weeks' gestation that resolved spontaneously in utero. At delivery the infant had an ileus. A laparotomy with a jejunocolostomy was performed, but she died at ...
Bode C O - - 2002
Idiopathic intussusception is associated with viral pathogens of gastrointestinal respiratory and febrile diseases of infancy and early childhood. These agents are known to vary from one region to another. No such specific viruses have, however, been reported from Nigeria. We therefore collected stools from 28 infants with intussusception as well ...
Frey Bernhard - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of transient cholestatic hepatitis occurring in an infant between the third and seventh weeks of life, most likely due to carbamazepine exposure during pregnancy and breast feeding. CASE SUMMARY: A boy, born to an epileptic mother who had been treated with carbamazepine monotherapy throughout pregnancy ...
McKiernan P J - - 2002
Neonatal cholestasis must always be considered in a newborn who is jaundiced for more than 14-21 days and a measurement of the serum total and conjugated bilirubin in these infants is mandatory. Conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia, dark urine and pale stools are pathognomic of the neonatal hepatitis syndrome which should be investigated ...
Rapola Juhani - - 2002
Autopsy study of 17 newborn infants with lethal autosomal recessive disease presenting as growth retardation with lactic acidosis, Fanconi aminoaciduria, and hepatic hemosiderosis is reported. The patients succumbed between day 1 and 4 months of life; 9 patients died within the first month. All patients showed severe pathologic changes of ...
Kassarjian Ara - - 2002
PURPOSE: To review the angiograms in patients with hepatic hemangiomas referred to two North American children's hospitals to determine the variability in angiographic findings and to propose a classification system that is based on these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Angiograms obtained in 15 infants with a diagnosis of hepatic hemangioma ...
Karpen Saul J - - 2002
The early detection of cholestatic liver disease is one of the major challenges facing pediatricians when evaluating the jaundiced infant. Early recognition of liver disease greatly facilitates the care and outcome of infants, because several serious life-threatening disorders may have cholestasis as a major presenting sign of underlying neonatal liver ...
Xu Lingfei - - 2002
The use of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MLV)-based retroviral vectors (RV) can result in stable in vivo expression in the liver, but these vectors only transduce replicating hepatocytes. As newborn animals exhibit rapid growth, we evaluated the ability of MLV-based RV to transduce hepatocytes in neonatal dogs. I.v. injection of ...
Dahms Beverly Barrett - - 2002
Three neonates with fetal thrombotic vasculopathy in the placenta and severe neonatal liver disease are described. Symptoms included a bleeding disorder on the first day of life, followed by direct hyperbilirubinemia and elevated liver transaminases. All patients also had evidence of thrombosis outside the placenta, including cerebral infarct in two ...
Messina Mario - - 2002
Duodenal duplications are rare observations which can be diagnosed during early pregnancy via US scan. In the neonate they are often cause for intestinal occlusions. Surgical treatment can be limited by the duplication's anatomical interrelationships with adjacent organs. Biliary sludge is an uncommon finding in the first year of life, ...
Ku S W - - 2002
Neonatal haemochromatosis is a rare disease characterized by the early onset of liver failure, a rapidly deteriorating clinical course and high mortality. An unusual case is presented of subacute hepatic failure in which autopsy findings at the age of 11 mo showed a haemochromatotic pattern of siderosis. Despite the similarity ...
Pumberger W W Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Vienna, Austria. - - 2002
A review is presented of severe liver haemorrhage as a serious complication in surgery on very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. Clinical data and pathological findings, as well as the outcome of the treatment, of five VLBW infants (<1000 g) who experienced liver haemorrhage during surgical exploration for necrotizing enterocolitis or ...
Amin M A - - 2001
Two infants presented with unilateral cystic swellings in the floor of the mouth as a result of imperforate submandibular ducts. This is thought to result from a congenital failure of canalization of the terminal end of the duct. Both cases responded to simple incision and decompression of the fluid-filled duct. ...
Simonsen L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported a temporal association between a first dose of rotavirus vaccine (Rotashield) and infant intussusception. We investigated the effect of Rotashield vaccination use on intussusception admissions in ten US states. METHODS: We analysed electronic databases containing 100% hospital discharge records for 1993-99 from ten US states, where ...
Tongsong T - - 2001
We report here a case of prenatal diagnosis of isolated anorectal atresia with intrauterine colonic perforation at 34 weeks of gestation, characterized by the presence of a bilobed cystic pelvic mass with a V-shape appearance separated from the bladder with changing features during observation. Mild ascites was also visualized. Other ...
Tréluyer J M - - 2001
AIMS: Cisapride has been shown to cause QTc prolongation in neonates in the absence of any of the known risk factors ascribed to children or adults (excessive dosage, drug-drug interactions). Our hypothesis was that the early neonatal liver may show defective elimination of cisapride resulting in its accumulation in the ...
Tsau Y K - - 2001
Nephromegaly, assessed by calculating kidney volume using renal ultrasound, was studied in infants with biliary atresia, neonatal hepatitis, or fulminant hepatitis. We evaluated kidney volume in 29 patients with biliary atresia, 17 patients with neonatal hepatitis, and 10 patients with fulminant hepatitis, as well as 32 healthy infants. Levels of ...
Miyazaki T - - 2001
Propionic acidemia (PA) is an inborn error of metabolism caused by the genetic deficiency of propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC). By disrupting the alpha-subunit gene of PCC, we created a mouse model of PA (PCCA(-/-)), which died in 24-36 h after birth due to accelerated ketoacidosis. A postnatal, liver-specific PCC expression via ...
Amicarelli F - - 2001
This work is aimed at detecting the expression and location of embryonic Bufo bufo GST (bbGSTP1-1) and adult B. bufo GST (bbGSTP2-2) during toad development, in order to assign a putative role to these enzymes also on the basis of their compartmentalization and to verify whether during the premetamorphic liver ...
Bezerra J A - - 2001
Cholestasis results from structural and functional impairment of the hepatobiliary system, which is often the target of several environmental factors and disease processes. This review focuses on the clinical consequences of this impairment. When evaluating an infant or child with cholestasis, a broad differential diagnosis must be considered; viral infections, ...
Larrosa-Haro A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is the main cause of severe liver damage in infants. Successful surgical treatment is related directly to an early and rapid diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine specificity, sensitivity, and predictive value of the duodenal tube test (DTT) in the diagnosis of BA ...
Senyüz O F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The early diagnosis of surgical jaundice in a neonate is an important step for the surgical success in extrahepatic biliary atresia. Diagnostic laparoscopy, as in many areas in surgery, is included in the conventional diagnostic methods of extrahepatic biliary atresia. METHODS: Since 1992, 24 infants with prolonged jaundice, in ...
Stormon M O - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Cholestatic liver disease in infancy is caused by a wide range of conditions. This study reviews the pattern of diagnosis of infants with cholestasis presenting to a tertiary referral paediatric hospital in Sydney, Australia, during a 12-year period (1985-96). METHODOLOGY: Infants aged less than 6 months with cholestasis were ...
Tajiri H - - 2001
We present 3 cases of immunocompetent infants with CMV infection who showed prolonged liver dysfunction. In all cases the CMV genome was detectable in hepatocytes using the in situ hybridization method. Combination therapy with ganciclovir (GCV) and hyperimmune gammaglobulin (HGG) was instituted in 2 cases and successfully suppressed the replication ...
Shaw S - - 2001
Survival following hemorrhagic necrosis of a lobe of the liver in preterm infants is very uncommon. We present the clinical and radiologic findings of such a case, discuss the clinical management of the hemorrhage that resulted in the infant's survival, and present a basis for the evolution of the liver ...
Fischler B - - 2001
The aim of the study was to investigate factors of possible importance for the aetiology of neonatal cholestasis. The medical records of 85 cholestatic infants were retrospectively reviewed. The most common diagnoses were extrahepatic biliary atresia (n = 30 patients), alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency (n = 11) and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis ...
Sreenan C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We report a newborn infant who was successfully treated with chelation therapy having developed severe liver disease secondary to iron overload following multiple intrauterine, intravascular transfusions (IVTs). STUDY DESIGN: Case report with review of the literature. RESULTS: An infant was born at 33 weeks' gestation having received multiple IVTs ...
Farrant P - - 2000
An initial investigation of 313 patients suggested that the ultrasound appearances of gall bladder shape and wall structure might be abnormal in infants with biliary atresia. These observations were then tested in a prospective study. In this study, 346 infants, aged 12 weeks or less, presenting with conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia underwent ...
Noguchi H - - 2000
The expression of tenascin in the extrahepatic bile duct remnants in biliary atresia was investigated using an immunohistochemical method. Tenascin is thought to be a marker of repair of injured tissues based on an immunohistochemical study of a variety of tissues. Twenty-three specimens were obtained from 23 cases (2 correctable ...
Kimura T - - 2000
Although transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is widely accepted in adults, there have been few successful reports in infants. The authors describe a 2-year-old boy with postoperative biliary atresia who underwent TIPS for uncontrollable lower intestinal bleeding and achieved hemostasis. Massive melena developed, which was not controlled by conservative therapy ...
Wagner C - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine those infants at high risk for perioperative complications and mortality following living, related liver transplantation. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Large metropolitan teaching hospital. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The charts and anesthetic records of the 12 infants and children who received the left lateral hepatic segment ...
Tomar B S - - 2000
Hepatobiliary dysfunctions (TPN-HBD) occur during parenteral nutrition. In older children these are usually reversible whereas in newborns and infants these hepatobiliary abnormalities play a significant role in the morbidity. Cholestasis is a commonly occurring TPN-HBD. It correlates directly with the decreasing gestational age, low birth weight and increasing duration of ...
Vijayan V - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In biliary atresia (BA), although the intrahepatic bile ducts are reported to appear in the fetal configuration in about 20% to 60% of cases, information about the 3-dimensional (3-D) morphology of the hilar biliary structures is limited. The authors, therefore, have applied the technique of computer-generated 3-D reconstruction, to ...
Spray C H - - 2000
Congenital hypopituitarism is a recognized cause of neonatal hepatitis, but the diagnosis may be difficult to establish even if clinically suspected. In order to determine the natural history of this disorder, the outcome of 12 infants with neonatal hepatitis secondary to hypopituitarism is reviewed. The clinical diagnosis of hypopituitarism was ...
Hume R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: At discharge from neonatal units, many preterm infants are vulnerable to preprandial hypoglycemia due to insufficient liver glucose production. In most preterm infants, hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity (the terminal step of liver glucose production) remains abnormally low postnatally. OBJECTIVE: To determine what perinatal factors are associated with changes in hepatic ...
Lee C H - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine whether gallbladder visualization can help exclude biliary atresia in hepatobiliary scintigraphic studies of infants with persistent jaundice. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two infants with persistent jaundice (49 patients with a final diagnosis of biliary atresia and 103 with biliary patency) were studied using ...
Hollifield J L - - 2000
Systemic erysipelas infection was seen in 2-to-4-day-old poults from three separate ranches owned by the same company. The affected poults were all from the same breeder source; poults from other breeder sources were seemingly unaffected. Mortality increased on days 2 and 3, ranging from 2% to 8.5%. Birds submitted were ...
Uges D R - - 2000
A patient is described who died with the diagnosis of septicemia. After her death the delayed results of a clozapine determination for TDM were sent to the clinician. The clozapine serum level was 4034 microg/L, which was considered to be the primary cause of death. However, a forensic autopsy revealed ...
Hartman B J - - 2000
Rupturing of the liver due to delivery is an uncommon but severe birth trauma. Although described in the preterm neonate with very low birthweight or after complicated delivery, we present a case of capsular liver haemorrhage in a term newborn with normal birthweight after a seemingly uncomplicated delivery. The infant ...
Shamir R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia and liver enzyme abnormalities are commonly observed in sepsis. However, the frequency in premature neonates and the specific relation to gram-negative bacteria are not known. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts of all preterm infants who had positive blood cultures for either gram-negative bacteria or coagulase-negative staphylococci were reviewed. Neonates ...
Owings E - - 2000
Infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) are at increased risk of cholestasis when compared with older infants and children. Factors associated with this increased risk of cholestasis include immaturity of the biliary excretory system, a diminished immune response to sepsis, an increased incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and short bowel ...
Lapillonne A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) status of infants with untreated biliary atresia (BA) is known to be poor and is correlated to the severity of the liver disease. Liver transplantation (LT) markedly increases survival of patients with BA but the extent to which this reverses poor LC-PUFA status ...
Tan Kendrick A P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the accuracy and utility of the triangular cord sign and gallbladder length in diagnosing biliary atresia by sonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty fasted infants with cholestatic jaundice aged 2-12 weeks were examined sonographically using a 5-10 MHz linear array transducer, focusing on the triangular cord sign (as ...
Ono S - - 2000
We report an 8-month-old male presenting with gingival hemorrhages and nasal bleeding as the first symptom of a choledochal cyst (CC). On physical examination, there was a large cystic mass in the right upper abdominal quadrant. Laboratory studies on admission revealed moderate liver dysfunction and a bleeding tendency due to ...
Gubernick J A - - 2000
High-resolution real-time ultrasonography (US) serves as an important tool for differentiation of obstructive and nonobstructive causes of jaundice in infants and children, independent of liver function. Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia occurs in approximately 60% of normal term infants and in 80% of preterm infants. Persistence of neonatal jaundice beyond 2 weeks of ...
Green D W - - 2000
Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) is an uncommon condition presenting in the first few weeks of life. It has an incidence of 0. 5-1 per 10 000 live births and is the end result of a destructive inflammatory process involving the extrahepatic biliary system of unknown aetiology occurring in utero. The ...
Dassel de Vergara J - - 1999
During the past 20 years there has been much discussion about copper in connection with a form of Early Childhood Liver Cirrhosis (ECLC) known as Non Indian Childhood Cirrhosis (NICC). NICC is similar to Indian Childhood Cirrhosis (ICC) which occurs in India, and has already been known for many years. ...
Morris J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Infantile hepatic hemangioma is a benign liver tumor with potentially fatal complications. Response of these lesions to steroid therapy has been well documented in infants. Successful antenatal treatment of a fetal hepatic hemangioma with maternal corticosteroids is reported. CASE: A 36-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, had an ultrasound ...
Tolia V - - 1999
PURPOSE: Hepatobiliary scintigraphy is used routinely to evaluate infants with neonatal cholestasis. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy determines biliary patency by detecting radioactivity in the bowel on imaging, in duodenal and gastric aspirates, or all of these. During hepatobiliary scintigraphy, the hepatocyte extraction fraction (HEF) is calculated by deconvolution analysis. Normal values of ...
Zeolla M M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful clopidogrel use in a patient who developed suspected ticlopidine-induced hepatotoxicity during therapy for a cerebrovascular accident. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old white woman with a history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer disease, and coronary artery disease started receiving ticlopidine 250 mg twice daily ...
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