Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1032
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Hong Li - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to explore the mechanisms in parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated hepatic dysfunction, and the possible effectiveness of glutathione (GSH) to alleviate this injury. METHODS: Thirty 1-week-old New Zealand rabbits were divided into 3 groups: 10 in the control group (maternal fed); 10 in the PN group (PN ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2007
In previous studies, it has been shown that QT interval prolongation is related to an increased mortality rate in chronic liver disease (CLD). But QT dispersion (QTd) and its clinical significance in CLD has not been well studied. The objectives of this study were to investigate the relation between QTd ...
Walker Gregor M - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric surgeons consider bile vomiting in the neonate a potential surgical emergency. The reported rate of surgical intervention is 30% to 40%, but as most neonates are born outwith pediatric surgical centers, referral of these babies is at the neonatologists' discretion. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Stipsanelli K - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this paper is to identify extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) as the cause of cholestasis in neonates with prolonged jaundice and thus accelerate the decision for surgical intervention, which is critical for prognosis. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 21 infants (13 girls, 8 boys) aged 2-16 weeks who ...
Sala-Vila Aleix - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A lipid emulsion for use in parenteral nutrition containing a significant proportion of olive oil in place of soybean oil (ClinOleic; Baxter, Maurepas, France) is now available. The purpose of this review is to provide background information about the rationale for this emulsion, to collate and synthesize ...
Nasr Ahmed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The introduction of parenteral nutrition resulted in improved survival of neonates with short bowel syndrome. It is unclear why some may deteriorate to end-stage liver disease (ESLD). Knowledge of when to refer such children for evaluation for transplantation is crucial. A commonly used criterion is conjugated hyperbilirubinemia greater than ...
Galán-Gómez Enrique - - 2007
We describe a patient born to consanguineous parents, who presented with an MCA pattern characterized by low birth weight, duodenal atresia, extrahepatic biliary atresia, hypoplastic pancreas and intestinal malrotation. The infant died 60 days after birth. Chromosomes at 550-600 band levels were normal for a female (46,XX). This patient confirmed ...
Hyatt Melanie A - - 2007
The liver is a major metabolic and endocrine organ in growing neonates, but the extent to which its hormone receptor (R) sensitivity is potentially determined by maternal parity and the mother's nutritional environment is unknown. This was therefore investigated by sampling livers from postnatal sheep born to nulliparous or multiparous ...
Kogure Kimitaka - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was conducted to clarify the real relation between the inferior vena cava (IVC) ligament and the caudate lobe in the human liver and also to elucidate their surgical importance in liver surgery. METHODS: Specimens obtained from 20 adult cadaveric livers were submitted for the study. Histological structures ...
Chen Hung-Wen - - 2007
Two major forms of biliary atresia, the embryonic and perinatal type, are considered to have different pathogeneses and distinct prognoses. Embryonic biliary atresia is associated with worse prognosis. We report a case of embryonic biliary atresia in a preterm male infant of 31 weeks of gestation and weighing 1375 g, ...
Schmidt Beate - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatal reference values of gallbladder size have been assessed in healthy newborns with enteral feeding regimen. Their applicability to critically ill patients under total parenteral nutrition (TPN) remains to be questioned. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the impact of short-term TPN versus enteral nutrition (EN), gender and birth ...
Massoud Samir N - - 2007
We evaluated histologically 10 biopsy specimens taken preoperatively from the anterior-inferior glenohumeral ligament from patients with atraumatic instability who had undergone radiofrequency capsular shrinkage, 10 taken immediately postoperatively, and 13 taken before revision. The synovial and subsynovial layers returned to normal histology in biopsy specimens taken from 6 months onwards. ...
Sari Neriman - - 2006
Infantile hemangioendothelioma is the most common hepatic vascular tumor in infants less than 6 months of age, with a prevalence of 1%. Serum alpha-fetoprotein levels have been used as an important tumor marker for hepatoblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and germ cell tumors. It is rarely elevated in hepatic hemangioendothelioma. The authors ...
Amaral Joao Guilherme - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess the technical success and complication rate of sonographically guided percutaneous liver biopsies performed in infants under 1 year old at a tertiary pediatric center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 65 biopsies performed in 61 infants between January 1999 and December ...
Enomoto Yuki - - 2006
We used dexmedetomidine for more than 2 months in a mechanically ventilated infant without serious adverse effects. An infant with liver cirrhosis of unknown cause underwent living donor liver transplantation at the age of 9 months. Long-term mechanical ventilation was required postoperatively, and midazolam with fentanyl had been used to ...
Allen Steven R - - 2007
Biliary atresia is a devastating disorder of the newborn in which afflicted infants develop inflammation and fibrosis of the extrahepatic biliary tract, resulting in cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease. Infection with a virus is thought to be a contributing factor in the etiology of biliary atresia. In the murine model ...
Yang Jian - - 2007
The maternal to fetal transfer of monophenyltin (MPT), diphenyltin (DPT), and triphenyltin (TPT) was investigated for the first time in a cetacean species, a mother-fetus pair of Dall's porpoises (Phocoenoides dalli) collected off the Sanriku coast, Japan. The mother individual was contaminated by phenyltin compounds, and the muscle, blubber, and ...
Valayannopoulos Vassili - - 2006
Transaldolase (TALDO) deficiency is a newly recognized metabolic disease, which has been reported so far in 2 patients presenting with liver failure and cirrhosis. We report a new sibship of 4 infants born to the same consanguineous parents; all presented at birth or in the antenatal period with dysmorphic features, ...
Tan Josephine J - - 2006
AIM: Alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is the most common genetic cause of liver disease in children. The Pi*S carrier rate among Filipinos is <1%. Its significance in Filipino infants with neonatal cholestasis has not been investigated. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of AAT deficiency among ...
Wolf Dennis - - 2006
Carbimazole embryopathy is a recently recognized and defined phenotype. Choanal atresia; gastrointestinal anomalies, particularly esophageal atresia; athelia or hypothelia; developmental delay; hearing loss; aplasia cutis; and dysmorphic facial features all can occur after exposure to the antithyroid drugs carbimazole or methimazole during gestation. Although full expression of this phenotype appears ...
Vijayaraghavan Paari - - 2006
The purpose of this analysis is to study the clinical features, liver histology and the outcome after surgery in infants with choledochal cysts (CDCs), and to draw conclusions on the management strategy accordingly. The clinical features, liver histology and the outcome after surgery in 14 cases of CDCs treated before ...
Judson Marc A - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sibling pairs, who share genes and environmental exposures, might have similar phenotypic expressions of sarcoidosis beyond what would be expected by chance alone. DESIGN: Multicenter family study with study subjects recruited from 11 clinical centers. SUBJECTS: Subjects were African-American sibling pairs with sarcoidosis. ...
Davenport Mark - - 2006
We carried out a retrospective review of infants with biliary atresia splenic malformation (BASM). We found that 56 infants (10.2%) met the criteria for inclusion from a series of 548 infants (from January 1977 to December 2004). Syndromic infants were more likely to be female (P = .04) and to ...
Dubnov-Raz Gal - - 2006
Lamotrigine is an antiepileptic drug with a low adverse-effect profile. This report describes an infant born to an epileptic mother treated with lamotrigine, who had a highly elevated gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase level after birth. There was no other clinical or biochemical evidence of liver or bile duct dysfunction. Infant serum level ...
Svanberg Fredrik - - 2006
Lead isotope ratios ((206)Pb/(207)Pb and (208)Pb/(207)Pb) and concentrations in the livers and bones of marbled teal and white-headed duck found dead or moribund were determined in order to establish the main lead source in these waterfowl species. Lead concentrations in bone (dry weight) and liver (wet weight) were found to ...
Oshio Takehito - - 2006
We describe an extremely rare case of subcapsular rupture of the liver associated with hemophilia A in a neonate. Although, the neonate was in good condition after birth, at 13 hours, he became pale and his abdomen distended. At 17 hours after birth, an emergency laparotomy was performed. The subcapsular ...
Bines Julie E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the sensitivity and specificity of a clinical case definition of acute intussusception in infants to assist health-care workers in settings where diagnostic facilities are not available. METHODS: Prospective studies were conducted at a major paediatric hospital in Viet Nam (the National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi) from November ...
Gura Kathleen M - - 2006
Here we report the reversal of cholestasis in 2 infants with intestinal failure and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. Treatment involved the substitution of a conventional intravenous fat emulsion with one containing primarily omega-3 fatty acids. Biochemical tests of liver function improved significantly. One child was removed from the liver transplantation ...
Mustafa Ahlam - - 2006
Ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC) deficiency is the most common hereditary urea cycle disorder. It is an X-linked recessive disorder that usually presents with encephalopathy and hyperammonaemia. We report a 14-month-old female carrier of OTC deficiency, who presented with a history of intermittent vomiting for 5 weeks and irritability and lethargy for ...
Dinant Sander - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In situ hypothermic perfusion (HP) can be applied to attenuate ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury during liver resection under total vascular exclusion (TVE). This study examines the protective effect of cooling by HP at 20 and 28 degrees C as compared with no HP during TVE in a porcine ...
Yeh Jiun-Nan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence of hepatic steatosis and neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) in Taiwanese infants with idiopathic intrahepatic cholestasis. STUDY DESIGN: The liver specimens from 69 infants with idiopathic intrahepatic cholestasis were reviewed (1993-2004); 11 of them (14.7%) had hepatic steatosis. Six patients with hepatic ...
Chang Mei-Hwei - - 2006
Biliary atresia is a severe progressive cholangiopathy which leads to early liver cirrhosis and is uniformly fatal. Early surgical intervention (the Kasai procedure) is needed for an improved outcome. However, early recognition and diagnosis is not easy during the neonatal period because of the high incidence of neonatal jaundice, ill-informed ...
Kelly Deirdre A - - 2006
Intestinal failure-associated liver disease develops in 40% to 60% of infants who require long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for intestinal failure and 15% to 40% of adults on home parenteral nutrition. The clinical spectrum includes hepatic steatosis, cholestasis, cholelithiasis, and hepatic fibrosis. Progression to biliary cirrhosis and the development of ...
Paulsen Friedrich P - - 2006
The ampulla of Vater is of high clinical relevance with regard to influx of chyme, ascending inflammation, intubation during diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic investigation, therapeutic papillotomy, and especially to malignant transformation. Little is known about the distribution of mucins in the ampulla. In this study, we have investigated the mucin ...
Gustafsson Jan - - 2006
Lithocholic acid (LCA) is a potent hepatotoxic compound. Fetal LCA may have a role in the pathogenesis of neonatal cholestasis/extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA). Fetal liver efficiently hydroxylates LCA in several positions. This may represent a detox-ification mechanism. In the present study LCA, cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) were ...
Darnerud Per Ola - - 2006
The distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners was followed in C57BL mice. The animals were subjected to whole-body autoradiography using (14)C-labelled 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), 2,2',3,4,4'-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-85) and 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99). Labelled BDE-85 and -99 were also used in quantitative studies on milk transfer and tissue concentrations during the ...
Okazaki Tadaharu - - 2006
Cholangiography is often crucial for establishing the definitive cause of neonatal jaundice. We present our protocol for using laparoscopy-assisted cholangiography in infants with prolonged jaundice and discuss its benefits. Firstly, a 5 mm supra-umbilical trocar is introduced to create a port for a 0 degrees laparoscope. A 5 mm trocar ...
Yang Jian - - 2006
Here we provided evidence, for the first time, on the placental transfer of butyltin species in Dall's porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli). The maternal to fetal transfer of butyltins including monobutyltin (MBT), dibutyltin (DBT) and tributyltin (TBT) was investigated in a mother-fetus pair collected off the Sanriku coast of Japan. The maternal ...
Ekong Udeme D - - 2005
Neonatal hemochromatosis (NH) is a rare disease of gestation that results in fetal liver injury and extrahepatic siderosis. The etiology of NH is not fully understood. However, the rate of recurrence of NH in the pregnancy after an affected one is approximately 80%. A spectrum of liver disease has been ...
Azzam R K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety, outcomes, and complications of percutaneous liver biopsies (PLB) in infants aged 0 to 3 months. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of all infants less than 3 months old who underwent PLB at Children's Memorial Hospital between July 1, 1997 and June 30, 2004 ...
Aanpreung Prapun - - 2005
The objective of this study was to study etiologies and outcome of neonatal cholestasis in Thai infants. The medical records of infants aged less than 3 months with the diagnosis of neonatal cholestasis in Department of Pediatrics, Siriraj Hospital from 1993 to 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. The etiologies were diagnosed ...
Tan N W H - - 2005
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal pyogenic hepatic abscess in preterm infants is a rare entity. We present 6 cases of neonatal liver abscesses diagnosed in our hospital as well as an approach that will facilitate the early diagnosis and management of neonatal pyogenic liver abscess based on our case series and ...
Lommatzsch Marek - - 2005
There is growing evidence that target-derived neurotrophins regulate the function of visceral neurons after birth. However, the postnatal profile of neurotrophin supply from internal organs is poorly described. In this study, we compared neurotrophin concentrations in lysates of murine peripheral target tissues (lung, heart, liver, colon, spleen, thymus, kidney and ...
Kotb M A - - 2005
The triangular cord sign (TC sign) is a sensitive and specific tool in prompt diagnosis of extrahepatic biliary atresia. The objective of this study is to evaluate post-operative TC sign presence in outcome prediction of infants with biliary atresia after Kasai hepato-portoenterostomy 27 infants and children with biliary atresia underwent ...
Justice Frances - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Oral rotavirus vaccines are expected to become available in Australia within the next 2 years. In light of evidence for an association between a rotavirus vaccine and intussusception, it is important to define the baseline epidemiology of intussusception in Australia and establish a system for intussusception surveillance in the ...
Davenport Mark - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) expression in liver and bile duct remnant is a feature of the inflammatory component of biliary atresia (BA). Circulating levels of such soluble adhesion molecules (SAM) should reflect intrahepatic disease and would prove a useful adjunct in the evaluation of BA. STUDY DESIGN: Serum ICAM-1 ...
Shinohara Tsuyoshi - - 2005
This study evaluated the efficacy of measuring urinary sulfated bile acids (USBA) for diagnosis of bacterial cholangitis in patients with biliary atresia. Eight infants with biliary atresia were recruited. The USBA level was measured when they were admitted to hospital with a fever of unknown origin. Clinical manifestations and laboratory ...
Asano Kouichi - - 2005
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a microorganism that may cause opportunistic infections. We detected A. xylosoxidans in three of 46 patients with liver abscess. The clinicopathologic findings of the three patients were uniform with respect to a prior history of cholecystectomy, multi-lobulated 'coral-like' abscess under CT and epithelioid granulomas in the periphery ...
Kotb Magd A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis develop progressively in extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) despite timely surgical intervention. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to define CD4+ helper T lymphocytes, cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes, and CD68+ (macrophages) infiltration of portal tracts and lobules and hepatic fibrosis as possible predictive measures of ...
Dambra Donatella Pia - - 2005
The case of a newborn infant of 40 days of age with persistent jaundice and blood chemistry values suggestive of cholestasis is discussed. Liver and bile duct US documented missed visualization of the gallbladder. In the suspicion of biliary atresia, hepatobiliary scintigraphy was performed; it showed preserved hepatocyte function, missed ...
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