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Scharber Helen H Hampshire College, Amherst, MA, USA - - 2014
This study uses Texas vital records from 1994 to 2003 to examine the relationship between self-reported maternal unemployment and birth outcomes, including birthweight and infant mortality. In the preferred specification, a sample containing 1,344, 605 sibling births to 604,649 mothers was used. Regression results indicated that within the same women, being ...
Brouwer Annemieke J AJ Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage (GMH-IVH) remains a serious problem in the very and extremely preterm infant. This article reviews current methods of diagnosis, treatment and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants with low-grade and severe GMH-IVH. We conclude that there is still no consensus on timing of intervention and treatment of infants ...
Bai Dorothy Li DL School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 4/F, William M. W. Mong Block, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Mothers who are employed postpartum are less likely to continue breastfeeding than mothers who are not formally employed. However, as postpartum employment is increasingly necessary for the majority of new mothers, it is important to investigate factors that influence the continuation of breastfeeding in employed mothers. A sample of 1,738 ...
Mirkovic Kelsey R KR Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Public Health Scientific Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA - - 2014
Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for infants and mothers; however, many infants are not breastfed as long as recommended or desired by mothers. Maternal employment is frequently cited as a barrier to breastfeeding. This study aimed to assess whether maternity leave duration and return status (full-time [FT], part-time [PT]) were ...
Brown Lisa F LF School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among the mother's internal working model of feeding, attentional process, feeding behaviors, and responsiveness accounting for maternal psychological distress, which may contribute to preterm infants' feeding difficulties. In this descriptive study, 21 mother-preterm infant dyads were videotaped during feeding. Surprisingly, ...
Loman Annemiek M W AM Department of Paediatrics, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Neonatal seizures are an alarming symptom and are frequent in neonates. It is important to find the cause of neonatal seizures to start a specific treatment and to give a meaningful prognosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of different aetiologies of neonatal seizures in our ...
Gharib Behdad B Department of Pediatrics, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
We presents an infant with several indurated plaques and nodules scattered on her body. She was brought to the hospital because of fever, runny nose and cough from one month ago. During the examination and investigation the plaques and nodules grabbed the attention of the clinicians and the skin biopsy ...
Van Noordwijk Maria A - - 2013
Some four decades ago, Jeanne Altmann started her detailed field studies of baboon mothers and their infants with a focus on the behavioral ecology of maternal reproductive investment. Around the same time, Sarah Hrdy studied langur mothers and their infants, focusing on the influence of the social environment on a ...
Neary Marianne T - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains a significant clinical problem without an accepted pathological mechanism, but with multiple conflicting models. Mutation in a growing number of genes has been found post mortem in SIDS cases, notably genes encoding ion channels. This can only account for a minority of cases, however. ...
MacDonald Cheryl - - 2013
Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve ...
Kaldy Zsuzsa Z University of Massachusetts - - 2013
In this study, 6-month-old infants' visual working memory for a static feature (color) and a dynamic feature (rotational motion) was compared. Comparing infants' use of different features can only be done properly if experimental manipulations to those features are equally salient (Kaldy & Blaser, 2009; Kaldy, Blaser, & Leslie, 2006). ...
Ahmadi Mahshid - - 2013
During recent decades, women have been increasingly involved in social activities. Despite the fact that mothers prefer to breastfeed, their return to work is associated with a reduction in breastfeeding frequency and duration. The present study evaluates the impact of occupational factors on continuation of breastfeeding and formula initiation in ...
Brown Lisa F LF School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to describe changes in a mother's early internal working model of infant feeding. In this qualitative study, 12 maternal responses to the semi-structured internal working model interview were audio-recorded, once in the neonatal intensive care unit after infants began oral feeding and once 2 ...
Demirci Jill Radtke - - 2012
Poor breastfeeding outcomes among late preterm infants (LPIs) have been attributed to inadequate breast milk transfer stemming from physiological immaturities. However, breastfeeding is more than a biological phenomenon, and it is unclear how mothers of LPIs manage other factors that may also impact the breastfeeding course. Using grounded theory methods ...
da Silva Enry Garcia - - 2012
Purpose  The ability of human newborns to produce tears has been a subject of controversy in the literature since the mid-20th century, and there has been considerable debate as to whether they are able to produce tears. Recently, it was established that total tear secretion (reflex + basal) in full-term ...
Jain Prashant - - 2012
A rare case of Amyand's hernia in an infant who presented with chronic discharging scrotal sinus is reported.
Kato Yoshiaki - - 2012
We report a 12-month-old boy with heterotaxy and interruption of inferior vena cava who showed sustained tachycardia associated with twin atrioventricular nodes (AVNs). Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia with antegrade conduction through the posterior AVN and retrograde conduction through the anterior AVN were successfully ablated using an upper approach from the left ...
Patil Mandar B - - 2012
Left-ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy of emerging importance. It is known to occur in association with genetic syndromes. We report here for the first time an infant with LVNC in association with trisomy 21.
Petit Christopher J - - 2012
Rarely is closure of the atrial septal defect indicated in infants. Yet, an atrial septal defect in the presence of congenital mitral stenosis may cause significant congestive heart failure in infancy. We present the case of an infant with Shone's syndrome, left ventricular hypoplasia, and a large ostium secundum atrial ...
Shamszad Pirouz - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Few data are available on the frequency or importance of perioperative atrial tachycardia in infants. We hypothesized that atrial tachycardia in infants undergoing cardiac surgery is not rare and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. METHODS: From 2007 through 2010, 777 infants (median age, 1.8 months; interquartile range, ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2012
A microanalysis of 4-month mother-infant face-to-face communication predicted 12-month infant disorganized (vs. secure) attachment outcomes in an urban community sample. We documented a dyadic systems view of the roles of both partners, the roles of both self- and interactive contingency, and the importance of attention, orientation and touch, and as ...
Guler Goknur - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: We aimed to design a prolonged Radiofrequency (RF) radiation exposure and investigate in an animal model, possible bio-effects of RF radiation on the ongoing developmental stages of children from conception to childhood. Materials and methods: A total of 72 New Zealand female and male white rabbits aged 1-month ...
Dummula Krishna K Department of Pediatrics, New York Medical College-Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, New York 10595, - - 2011
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) results in neural cell death and white matter injury in premature infants. No therapeutic strategy is currently available against this disorder. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling suppresses oligodendrocyte development through basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors and promotes astrocytosis. Therefore, we hypothesized that IVH in premature newborns initiates degeneration ...
Goodman W Benjamin - - 2011
The current study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine the implications of fathers' experiences of work stress for paternal behaviors with infants across multiple dimensions of parenting in a sample of fathers living in nonmetropolitan communities (N = 492). LPA revealed five classes of fathers based on levels of ...
Singh Katherine - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes remains a common cause of preterm deliveries and neonatal morbidities. The goal of this study is to review the evidence with regard to the antibiotic treatment after preterm premature rupture of the membranes, long-term outcomes related to antibiotic treatment, and possible complications with treatment. ...
Koay Adrian Choon Aun - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this report was to describe 2 cases of periocular infantile hemangiomas (IHs) that were successfully treated with low-dose oral propranolol alone and in combination with oral prednisolone. Methods: Two infants aged 3 months and 6 weeks, respectively, were referred for management of vision-threatening periocular IHs ...
Michalowicz Bryan S - - 2011
Some maternal infections are associated with impaired infant cognitive and motor performance. Periodontitis results in frequent bacteremia and elevated serum inflammatory mediators. The purpose of this study was to determine if periodontitis treatment in pregnant women affects infant cognitive, motor, or language development. Children born to women who had participated ...
Kennedy Ashley Graham - - 2011
Luc Bovens, in his 2006 article, argues that it can be shown that the 'rhythm' method of birth control results in a larger number of embryonic deaths than the IUD, the morning after pill or the combination oral contraceptive pill, just so long as one accepts his three 'plausible' assumptions. ...
Li Ming M Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, - - 2011
The present study examined how haloperidol (typical) and clozapine (atypical) treatment to mother rats affected their pups' ultrasonic vocalization (USV) response to maternal separation and re-separation (termed "maternal potentiation"). Clozapine (10 mg/kg, sc) but not haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, sc) significantly enhanced the maternal potentiation of 40 kHz USVs in pups ...
Kotlow L - - 2011
Newborn babies often present oral conditions of anykloglossia and tied maxillary fraena (lip-ties) associated with problems that can be related to breastfeeding. Many breastfeeding problems experienced by mothers and their babies may be attributed to abnormal attachments of the tongue and/or a maxillary lip-tie. The various types of both lip ...
Sasi Arun - - 2011
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a major morbidity in preterm infants, especially in extremely premature infants less than 28 weeks. The clinical signs and symptoms of PDA in preterm infants are non specific and insensitive for making an early diagnosis of significant ductal shunting. Functional echocardiography is emerging as a ...
Navér Lars - - 2011
Abstract Prophylaxis and treatment with antiretroviral drugs and the use of elective caesarean section have resulted in a very low mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during recent years. The availability of new antiretroviral drugs, updated general treatment guidelines and increasing knowledge of the importance of drug resistance, have ...
Gürakan Berkan - - 2011
While new pharmacological approaches have been demonstrated to effectively manage PH in adults, few reports have addressed PH treatment in neonates and infants. This case report describes the successful management of severe PH secondary to bronchopulmonary dysplasia, respiratory syncytial virus infection and hypoxia in a preterm 4-month-old with the the ...
Radicioni Maurizio - - 2011
Premature infants with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are at high risk of severe respiratory failure because of lung hypodysplasia associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). We describe the clinical course of a 28-week gestation infant with PPROM from the 20th week and prolonged oligohydramnios before ...
Minguez-Milio José Angel - - 2011
Objective. To assess the effect of the mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) on survival, morbidity, and long-term psychomotor development of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Methods. A longitudinal observational study including 138 ELBW infants (73 born by c-section and 65 vaginally) was conducted. We analyzed the survival and short-term ...
Bion Ricardo A H - - 2011
Two experiments investigated the way acoustic markers of prominence influence the grouping of speech sequences by adults and 7-month-old infants. In the first experiment, adults were familiarized with and asked to memorize sequences of adjacent syllables that alternated in either pitch or duration. During the test phase, participants heard pairs ...
Shahein Abdul R - - 2011
Eosinophilia of prematurity is commonly seen in premature infants as a result of many causes, although a sustained or progressive form is uncommon. Different pathophysiological hypotheses include decreased circulating adrenal steroids and foreign antigen exposure. We present here a case of prolonged extreme eosinophilia in a preterm infant complicated by ...
Malm M-C - - 2011
Carrying death instead of life is beyond understanding and a huge psychological challenge for a pregnant mother. The aim of this study was to investigate the mothers' experiences of the time from the diagnosis of the death of their unborn baby until induction of labour. In this qualitative study, in-depth ...
Broussard Cheryl S - - 2011
We examined whether maternal opioid treatment between 1 month before pregnancy and the first trimester was associated with birth defects. The National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997 through 2005) is an ongoing population-based case-control study. We estimated adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIS) for birth defects categories ...
Bijarnia Sunita - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Very-low-birth-weight babies (VLBW) with hypothyroidism may show a delayed postnatal rise in thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), mainly due to immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis. Transient hypothyroidism is prevalent in VLBW babies and some affected babies are considered to need treatment. There is disagreement about whether a second screening test ...
Zhao Jing - - 2011
Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a common problem affecting premature infants, likely secondary to a "physiologic" immaturity of respiratory control that may be exacerbated by neonatal disease. These include altered ventilatory responses to hypoxia, hypercapnia, and altered sleep states, while the roles of gastroesophageal reflux and anemia remain controversial. Standard ...
Rödl Siegfried - - 2011
Purpose: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) in infants is challenging due to a lack of widely available technology that is specific to this patient population. We present our initial experience with the newly developed Prismaflex HF20® disposable set used on the Prismaflex® device in infants with renal failure. ?Patients: Four infants, ...
Austeng Dordi - - 2011
To analyze screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) during a 3-year period in a national cohort of infants born before 27 weeks' gestation. A national prospective study of neonatal morbidity in extremely preterm infants was performed in Sweden between April 1, 2004, and March 31, 2007. Screening for ROP was ...
van Kaam Anton H - - 2011
Background: Exogenous surfactant is an undisputed treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome but its efficacy is highly dependent on the treatment strategy. International guidelines have published recommendations on the optimal surfactant replacement strategy. Objective: To determine how evidence-based guidelines on surfactant replacement therapy are implemented in daily clinical practice. Methods: ...
Hildingsson Ingegerd - - 2011
The aim was to identify the proportion of fathers having a positive experience of a normal birth and to explore factors related to midwifery care that were associated with a positive experience. BACKGROUND: Research has mainly focused on the father's supportive role during childbirth rather than his personal experiences of ...
Kaufman Jordy - - 2011
Three experiments are described that investigate 4.5-month-old infants' spatial thinking during passive movement using a task that required no manual or visual search. In these experiments, infants habituated to a display located near one corner of a table. Before the test trial the infants were either moved to the opposite ...
Turan Ozden - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to report our experience with intravenous voriconazole therapy in the treatment of persistent Candida septicemia in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. Candidiasis was defined if an infant had a positive blood culture. Ten VLBW newborns developed Candida sepsis, and candidemia persisted in 6 ...
Lau C - - 2011
There is no well-defined means to identify the level of oral feeding skills (OFS) in preterm infants. To determine whether OFS as reflected by the combination of proficiency (PRO, %ml taken during the first 5 min/ml prescribed) and rate of milk transfer (RT, ml/min) correlates with gestational age (GA), oral ...
Hjalmarson Ola - - 2010
Background: Antenatal treatment of pregnant women with corticosteroids in order to stimulate surfactant production has been shown to be effective. However, lung structure is also affected by the treatment. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that changes within lung acini, induced by maternal corticosteroid treatment, persist during lung development. Methods: Twenty-two ...
Courtwright A M - - 2010
Objectives:The objectives of this study were (1) to compare age at death and the intensity and cost of medical treatment for infants diagnosed prenatally or postnatally with congenital anomalies considered to be lethal. (2) To determine whether greater treatment intensity is associated with longer life.Study Design:This is a retrospective cohort ...
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