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Pak Sunyoung - - 2004
Height data of North Korean escapees are analyzed to assess changes in their biological standard of living. In contrast to the population of South Korea, as well as to that of most of the rest of the world, North Koreans did not experience an increase in physical stature during the ...
Gottlieb Gilbert - - 2004
Experiments with rodents indicate that severe early psychological and social deprivation has lasting detrimental effects on learning ability that are not remedied by exposure to enriching experiences in adulthood. Findings indicate that environmental adversity early in life works to limit the development of intelligence with consequences for later functioning. Animal ...
Ruscio Ayelet Meron - - 2004
Recent research has revealed that a large number of highly worried individuals do not qualify for a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). This raises the intriguing question of why some high worriers are more impaired and distressed by their worrying than others, particularly when the severity of their worry ...
Ogden Thomas H - - 2004
Winnicott's concept of holding and Bion's idea of the container-contained are for each of these analysts among his most important contributions to psychoanalytic thought. In this light, it is ironic that the two sets of ideas are so frequently misunderstood and confused with one another. In this paper the author ...
Desjardins Renée N - - 2004
For adults and children, speech perception can be significantly influenced by watching a speaker's mouth movements. While recent reports suggest that infants may be able to integrate heard and seen speech, the current research demonstrates that integration is neither as strong or consistent in infants as it is in adults. ...
Clearfield M W - - 2004
This research explored infants' use of place learning and cue learning in a locomotor task across the transition from crawling to walking. Novice and expert crawling and walking infants were observed in a novel locomotor task-finding a hidden goal location in a large space. In Experiment 1, infants were tested ...
Cricco-Lizza Roberta - - 2004
In this ethnographic inquiry, the author explored infant-feeding beliefs and experiences of Black women enrolled in WIC (BWEW) in a New York metropolitan inner city. The study was conducted over an 18-month period and included 319 people (130 BWEW, 116 children, 20 grandmothers, 17 fathers, 11 friends, and 25 other ...
Metcalfe J S JS Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2611, - - 2005
Although the development of upright posture has received considerable attention, the quiet stance of infants in their first months of learning this fundamental behavior has not been well studied. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the time evolutionary properties, or temporal organization, of these infants' unperturbed upright ...
Saravanan K - - 2004
Secondary toxcity of difethialone to Barn owl (Tyto alba) has been investigated. Difethialone was fed to owls for successive periods of 1 (phase 1), 3 (phase 2) and 6 (phase 3) days via-rodenticide dosed rats. The owls survived after the treament of rodenticide on phase 1 and phase 2 experiments ...
Sappington Thomas W - - 2004
There is concern that cotton gins may serve as loci for reintroduction of boll weevils, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman, to eradicated or suppressed zones when processing weevil-infested cotton from neighboring zones. Previous work has shown that virtually all weevils entering the gin in the seed cotton will be removed before ...
Norman Johan - - 2004
The aim of the paper is to study the theoretical and technical tools for psychoanalysis adapted to an infantile analysand's requirements. The author presents the case of a 6-month-old boy with his mother in psychoanalytical sessions four times a week; the analysis was terminated after six weeks. After the first ...
Körding Konrad P - - 2004
Making choices is a fundamental aspect of human life. For over a century experimental economists have characterized the decisions people make based on the concept of a utility function. This function increases with increasing desirability of the outcome, and people are assumed to make decisions so as to maximize utility. ...
Wilson Michael S - - 2004
Hydroquinone diphosphate (HQDP) was synthesized and compared to phenyl phosphate (PP) and 1-naphthyl phosphate (NP) as a substrate for alkaline phosphatase (AP) under electrochemical immunoassay (EIA) conditions. Voltammetric and amperometric experiments showed that electrochemical oxidation of hydroquinone (HQ), which is the AP hydrolysis product of HQDP, did not produce electrode ...
Baillargeon Renée - - 2004
Research over the past 20 years has revealed that even very young infants possess expectations about physical events, and that these expectations undergo significant developments during the first year of life. In this article, I first review some of this research, focusing on infants' expectations about occlusion, containment, and covering ...
West Marcus - - 2004
This paper describes the course of an analysis which demonstrates how borderline and narcissistic functioning can be understood in terms of a struggle with issues of identity. It shows how such functioning can come to exert a profound hold on the individual and why it seems, at times, a matter ...
Crowder Janel Rae - - 2004
The current study examined the effects of infant gender, birth status, parental SES, and nursing students' level of experience on perceptions of attractiveness. Eighty-five nursing students rated perceived attractiveness of an infant based on a hypothetical description of that infant. Participants estimated the amount of time they would spend caring ...
Stadlmayr Werner - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of obstetric variables on four dimensions of the birth experience. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: The birth experience of 251 German-speaking women was assessed at 48-96 h postpartum by means of Salmon's item list--German-language version (SIL-Ger). METHOD/MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Statistical correlations and variances between four dimensions of the birth ...
Berrang M E - - 2004
Feces deposited in transport cages by a Campylobacter-positive flock can cause the spread of Campylobacter to subsequent flocks placed in the same cages. This experiment was designed to determine the effect of extended cage storage on the viability of Campylobacter in feces deposited on the cage floor during commercial transport ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2004
Across a variety of tasks, adults respond differently to syllables with multiple stress cues than to syllables with only one cue to stress. This series of experiments was designed to explore how infants and adults use partial stress as a cue to word boundaries. In the first experiment, 9-month-old infants ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2004
The spatial representation abilities of 3- to 4-month-old infants were examined in four experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 showed that infants familiarized with a diamond appearing in distinct locations to the left or right of a vertical bar subsequently preferred a stimulus depicting the diamond on the opposite side of ...
Dubos François - - 2004
We evaluated retrospectively the safety of mefloquine (25 mg/kg) for the curative treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 26 infants weighing <15 kg and managed during a 5-year period. Side effects were recorded in 30.8% of patients and consisted chiefly of mild and transient gastrointestinal symptoms. Mefloquine was safe ...
Teller Davida Y - - 2004
In the present work, we explore the perceptual bases of infants' spontaneous looking preferences among isoluminant chromatic stimuli (Bornstein, 1975). Three experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, adult subjects made brightness matches between a white standard and each of six isoluminant chromatic stimuli. The classic variations of brightness with chromaticity ...
Liu H K - - 2004
A cannulation and serial bleeding procedure has been developed to monitor the peripheral patterns of hormones associated with reproduction for up to 10 d in broiler breeder hens. Hens were cannulated via the jugular vein and returned to individual cages. The unrestrained cannulated hens were connected to a tether and ...
Iwasaki T - - 2004
Our previous study showed that the success rate of cannulation of the internal jugular vein (IJV) was significantly decreased in infants weighing less than 4.0 kg. We prospectively evaluated results of central venous catheterization in 101 infants weighing less than 4.0 kg undergoing cardiac surgery. The first attempt was routinely ...
Woodhead Judith - - 2004
Jung defined experience that takes place between therapist and patient as 'dialectical process', achieved through 'constructive method'. Perspectives from attachment theory, neurobiology, cognitive science, systems thinking and infancy research confirm and extend his view of the centrality of relational process in the development of self. Interactional experiences are embedded within ...
Goodman Petra - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A woman's satisfaction with the childbirth experience may have immediate and long-term effects on her health and her relationship with her infant, but there is a lack of current research in this area. AIM: This paper reports a study to examine multiple factors for their association with components of ...
Graham Susan A - - 2004
This study examined the influence of shape similarity and labels on 13-month-olds' inductive inferences. In 3 experiments, 123 infants were presented with novel target objects with or without a nonvisible property, followed by test objects that varied in shape similarity. When objects were not labeled, infants generalized the nonvisible property ...
Bhatt Ramesh S - - 2004
In two experiments with 36 human infants, we asked whether 3- and 6-month-olds could use correlations between attributes of individual objects to categorize. Infants learned to kick to move block mobiles that simultaneously displayed two categories defined by the figures displayed on them: the colors of the figures and the ...
Williams Paul - - 2004
The author considers a particular way in which symbolic functioning and the sense of self fail in certain cases of severe disturbance. When containment of the infant fails, the experience is a violent one. If the infant is projected into by an 'invasive object', the infant can incorporate this experience ...
Barnett Jerrold E - - 2004
Infant simulators are a popular means for providing a realistic experience of caring for an infant and are often used as a supplement in sexuality education programs. The goal of this activity is to help adolescents realize the enormous responsibility that raising a child entails and to motivate them to ...
Beck Cheryl Tatano - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder after childbirth ranges from 1.5% to 6%. OBJECTIVE: To describe the meaning of women's birth trauma experiences. METHODS: Descriptive phenomenology was the qualitative research design used to investigate mothers' experiences of traumatic births. Women were recruited through the Internet, primarily through Trauma ...
Pine Fred - - 2004
Mahler's developmental theories are reviewed in the light of subsequent clinical experience and theoretical and empirical critique. Several modifications are proposed, each tending to particularize and focus the nature and scope of developmental events. Particular attention is accorded the "symbiosis" concept, and focus placed on transmission of psychodynamic issues from ...
Kumar P - - 2004
A rapid method for construction of oligonucleotide arrays on a glass surface, using a novel heterobifunctional reagent, N-(2-trifluoroethanesulfonatoethyl)-N-(methyl)-triethoxysilylpropyl-3-amine (NTMTA), has been described. The heterobifunctional reagent, NTMTA, carries two different thermoreactive groups. The triethoxysilyl group on one end is specific towards silanol functions on the virgin glass surface, while the trifluoroethanesulfonyl ...
Clowes Lone Andreasen - - 2004
The high concentrations of the naturally occurring arsenic compound arsenobetaine in marine animals, in comparison with freshwater animals, has led to the suggestion that salinity is a factor in its accumulation. In separate experiments, we investigated the uptake and elimination of arsenobetaine by the mussel Mytilus edulis when maintained under ...
Semenic Sonia E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the meaning of the childbirth experience to Orthodox Jewish women living in Canada. DESIGN: In this phenomenologic study, audiotaped interviews were conducted. Tapes were transcribed verbatim and analyzed for emergent themes. Demographic data also were collected. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Thirty Orthodox Jewish women who had given birth ...
Müller Caroline - - 2003
Contact of certain sawfly larvae with predators frequently elicits an easy bleeding behavior involving local disruption of the integument and release of hemolymph droplets. The efficacy of this putative antipredator defense was investigated in the turnip sawfly, Athalia rosae, by using common garden experiments in which particular guilds of predators ...
Wu Chia-Jung - - 2003
Waterbirth has been a way of birth for 20 to 30 years abroad, while in Taiwan, only in the past three years have some women chosen water birth. This study aims to explore the decision-making experience of mothers selecting waterbirth. A phenomenological approach was employed in this study. Nine mothers ...
Lyons-Ruth Karlen - - 2003
This study of 45 high-risk mothers and infants examined the current indirect effects model of intergenerational transmission of disorganized attachment, which posits that maternal childhood experiences of loss or trauma contribute to maternal states of mind on the AAI which in turn contribute to infant disorganization. The severity of experiences ...
Hayne Harlene - - 2003
Three experiments examined the effect of practice on memory performance by 18-month-old infants. Infants were tested using an imitation paradigm; an adult demonstrated a series of actions with objects and infants were given the opportunity to reproduce those actions following a delay. Some infants practiced the target actions before the ...
Wright Kristin - - 2003
This article describes a qualitative study exploring the experiences of terminally ill patients and their families as they lived with the inevitability of death. Frustrated by the dominant discourse surrounding the culture of dying--namely that of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross's stage theory--I sought to revisit the experiences of the terminally ill by ...
Jadva Vasanti - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study examined the motivations, experiences and psychological consequences of surrogacy for surrogate mothers. METHODS: Thirty-four women who had given birth to a surrogate child approximately 1 year previously were interviewed by trained researchers, and the data rated using standardized coding criteria. Information was obtained on: (i) reasons for ...
Johnson Scott P - - 2003
Concepts of objects as enduring and complete across space and time have been documented in infants within several months after birth, but little is known about how such concepts arise during development. Current theories that stress innate knowledge may neglect the potential contributions of experience to guide acquisition of object ...
de San Lazaro C - - 2003
A 2 month old infant presented with bilateral subdural haemorrhages and bilateral subhyaloid haemorrhage. The parent admitted to forceful bouncing of the child in a baby rocker. Experiments showed that violent rocking in the chair could produce extreme alternating acceleration/deceleration forces in excess of those induced by shaking alone. Such ...
Barr Rachel - - 2003
Infants' memories are highly specific to their training stimuli; they rarely transfer learned responding. In two experiments, we asked whether sensory preconditioning facilitates the transfer of deferred imitation. In Experiments 1A and 1B, 6-month-olds were simultaneously preexposed to Puppets A and B and then saw target actions modeled on Puppet ...
Persaud Anurani D - - 2003
In small temperate lakes, predation by fish generally regulates the species structure and abundance of larval Chaoborus. Yet, Chaoborus abundance may also vary appreciably among lakes with no fish. Many fishless lakes in Sudbury, Ontario, have transparent waters. This raises the possibility that low abundance of Chaoborus in such lakes ...
Weller Aron - - 2003
The influence of the pre- and postweaning maternal environment on the offspring's phenotype was examined in 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor knockout mice (KO1A and KO1B, respectively). We have previously shown that, when born to and raised by homozygous dams of the same genotype, adult KO1A are more anxious than wild-type ...
Chambers Kyle E - - 2003
Two experiments investigated whether novel phonotactic regularities, not present in English, could be acquired by 16.5-month-old infants from brief auditory experience. Subjects listened to consonant-vowel-consonant syllables in which particular consonants were artificially restricted to either initial or final position (e.g. /baep/ not /paeb/). In a later head-turn preference test, infants ...
Adolph Karen E - - 2003
This study compared the relative contributions of growing body dimensions, age, and walking experience in the development of walking skill in 9- to 17-month-old infants (N = 210), 5-6-year old kindergartners (N = 15), and college students (N = 13). Kinematic measures derived from participants' footprints showed characteristic improvements in ...
Vida Judith E - - 2003
This essay considers some historical, clinical, and personal dimensions of Sandor Ferenczi's contributions to psychoanalysis. It uses a clinical framework to develop a new perspective of the Freud-Ferenczi relation (and of its impact on the development of psychoanalysis), which despite smoldering conflict, persisted for twenty-five years and was Freud's longest-lasting ...
Geuns Jan M C - - 2003
In intubation experiments (643-1168 mg per animal), most of the stevioside administered to chickens was recovered unchanged in the excreta, and only about 2% was converted into steviol. Neither stevioside nor steviol could be found in the blood. In chronic studies (667 mg of stevioside/kg of feed) with laying hens ...
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