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Results 201 - 250 of 648
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Cresswell S L - - 2006
Controversy over a negative experiential state among players, discussed as "burnout" in media reports, stimulated the New Zealand Rugby Union to commission research (including the present study) into players' experiences. Athlete burnout research to date has largely been limited to studies featuring cross-sectional designs. The purpose of this study was ...
Clearfield Melissa W - - 2006
This paper examines the development of perseverative reaching in the A-not-B task. We describe two recent models that view perseveration as a sign of developmental progress toward stability. In Experiment 1, we test the novel prediction from both models that very young infants should not perseverate in the A-not-B task ...
Ward Patrick G - - 2006
A novel approach to the recycling of polystyrene is reported here; polystyrene is converted to a biodegradable plastic, namely polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). This unique combinatorial approach involves the pyrolysis of polystyrene to styrene oil, followed by the bacterial conversion of the styrene oil to PHA by Pseudomonas putida CA-3 (NCIMB 41162). ...
Pickering Judith - - 2006
Fulfilling intimate relationships require a constant emotional and psychological struggle to disentangle strangleholds created by the interpenetration of unresolved complexes stemming from previous disappointing relational experiences. These complexes may manifest as an encrypted pattern of engagement that each partner brings to the marriage, like a 'malignant dowry'. The dowry box, ...
Tal Guy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We recently published preliminary evidence on the effectiveness of hypertonic saline in infants with viral bronchiolitis. OBJECTIVE: To further establish the efficacy of nebulized hypertonic saline in these infants. METHODS: In a continuing, second-year randomized, doubleblind controlled trial, an additional 41 infants (age 2.6 +/- 1 months) hospitalized with ...
Wolfson Jay - - 2006
One of the most controversial legal and political events in the death of Theresa Marie Schiavo was the passage, by the Florida Legislature, of what become known as "Terri's Law," allowing the Florida Governor to replace her feeding and hydration tube, and requiring the appointment of a special guardian ad ...
Merchant John - - 2006
This paper addresses the ongoing debate in the JAP to do with archetype theory and supports an emergent/developmental model which sees archetypal imagery as an emergent phenomenon arising out of neural bio-structures laid down in early infant life as a result of developmental experience. This model is supported by the ...
Paterson Sarah J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several theorists maintain that exact number abilities rely on language-relevant processes whereas approximate number calls on visuo-spatial skills. We chose two genetic disorders, Williams syndrome and Down's syndrome, which differ in their relative abilities in verbal versus spatial skills, to examine this hypothesis. Five experiments assessed number skills in ...
Kancyper Luis - - 2006
The Oedipus complex, a basic concept in Freudian theory, is an essential factor in the constitution of the human subject. It plays a key role in the structuring of the personality and in the orientation of desire. It is the oedipal triangular structure that precedes the pre-oedipal situation (in a ...
Wilner Eduardo - - 2006
Darwin used artificial selection (ASN) extensively and variedly in his theorizing. Darwin used ASN as an analogy to natural selection; he compared artificial to natural varieties, hereditary variation in nature to that in the breeding farm; and he also compared the overall effectiveness of the two processes. Most historians and ...
Kotini A - - 2006
This study reports our experience in the application of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetocardiography (MCG) in neonates. Results gained from our studies, lead us to believe that MEG and MCG could provide clinical practice with non-invasive, rapid and easy to perform methods, which could be adjuncts to conventional methods for the ...
Otsuka Yumiko - - 2006
We examined perceptual transparency in infants. In a previous study, Johnson and Aslin (2000 Developmental Psychology 36 808 - 816) found that 4-month-olds could perceive transparency in a moving chromatic display, but not in an achromatic display. In this study, we further examined perceptual transparency in infants using a static ...
VanNewkirk Robbin - - 2006
This article aims to demystify the notion of a gay vibe from a femme queer woman's perspective. It contextualizes the author's experience of being read by the queer community as straight and of doing femme as a means for placing oneself on the gaydar screen while questioning the role of ...
Singh G Carter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The human preoccupation of experimenting with potentially toxic substances at sublethal doses to enhance beauty spans the ages. The Botox injection is the fastest growing cosmetic procedure, and its physiologic safety profile is considered to be excellent. The psychosocial consequences of Botox have been largely ignored in the literature. ...
Francisco E - - 2005
The global optimization basin-hopping (BH) method has been used to locate the global minima (GM) of Mg(n)F(2n) (n=1-30) clusters using a Born-Mayer-type potential. Some of the GM were particularly difficult to find, requiring more than 1.5 x 10(4) BH steps. We have found that both the binding energy per MgF2 ...
Kraebel Kimberly S - - 2006
Object knowledge refers to the understanding that all objects share certain properties. Various components of object knowledge (e.g., object occlusion, object causality) have been examined in human infants to determine its developmental origins. Viewpoint invariance--the understanding that an object viewed from different viewpoints is still the same object--is one area ...
Levine Seymour - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is two fold. First, to revisit the issue of the definition of stress and to highlight the difficulties with the contemporary definitions and, second, to review the literature on the influence of early experiences on the endocrine stress responses and behavior in rodents, sub-human primates ...
Shear Katherine - - 2005
Bereavement is a highly disruptive experience that is usually followed by a painful but time-limited period of acute grief. An unfortunate minority of individuals experience prolonged and impairing complicated grief, an identifiable syndrome that differs from usual grief, major depression, and other DSM IV diagnostic entities. Underlying processes guiding symptoms ...
Furrer Stephanie D - - 2005
Two experiments are reported using a visual familiarization categorization procedure. In both experiments, infants were familiarized with sets of stimuli previously shown to contain asymmetric feature distributions that support an asymmetry in young infants' categorization of cats and dogs (i.e. infants' cat category excludes dogs but their dog category includes ...
van Overveld Mark - - 2006
Recently, differential UCS expectancies were found for high- and low-predatory fear-relevant animals [Davey, G. C. L., Cavanagh, K., & Lamb, A. (2003). Differential aversive outcome expectancies for high- and low-predation fear-relevant animals. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 34, 117-128]. The present study extends these findings to spider phobia. ...
Faas-Fehervary Patricia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We performed a survey among German obstetricians and gynecologists in order to evaluate the influence of biographic data, working environment and personal birth experience on the attitude towards Cesarean Section on demand. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All 2106 board-certified gynecologists in Baden-Württemberg received an anonymous questionnaire in 2002-2003 concerning attitude ...
ten Hulscher Theodora E M - - 2005
The desorption kinetics of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and 2,4,4'-trichlororbiphenyl (PCB 28) spiked to a field sediment were studied using a gas-purge technique. A contact time of up to 1,461 d was used to assess long-term changes in desorption kinetics. Purge-induced desorption experiments lasted from 300 to more than 4,000 h. Fast-, ...
Donovan Wilberta - - 2005
The impact of differences in maternal self-efficacy and infant difficulty on mothers' sensitivity to small changes in the fundamental frequency of an audiotaped infant's cry was explored in 2 experiments. The experiments share in common experimental manipulations of infant difficulty, a laboratory derived measure of maternal efficacy (low, moderate, and ...
Friedman Ronald S - - 2005
Building upon suggestive earlier findings, the present study sought to test more informatively the notion that reminders of mortality can intensify efforts at dissonance reduction. Toward this end, an induced-compliance experiment was conducted in which participants were given high versus low choice to write a counterattitudinal statement regarding a boring ...
Payne B Keith - - 2005
Misattributions people make about their own affective reactions can be used to measure attitudes implicitly. Combining the logic of projective tests with advances in priming research, the affect misattribution procedure (AMP) was sensitive to normatively favorable and unfavorable evaluations (Experiments 1-4), and the misattribution effect was strong at both fast ...
Thomas-Gibson S - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Factual knowledge underpins competence in all clinical skills. A multiple-choice question paper (MCQ) was designed as part of an accelerated colonoscopy training week (ACTW). In the United Kingdom, there are no validated methods of assessing core knowledge in colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to ...
Chevreau F R - - 2006
The Aramis method proposes a complete and efficient way to manage risk analysis by using the bow-tie representation. This paper shows how the bow-tie representation can also be appropriate for experience learning. It describes how a pharmaceutical production plant uses bow-ties for incident and accident analysis. Two levels of bow-ties ...
Rakison David H - - 2005
Four experiments examined the role of correlations between dynamic and static parts on 12- to 16-month-olds' ability to learn the identity of agents and recipients in a simple causal event. Infants were habituated to events in which objects with a dynamic or static part acted as an agent or a ...
Tobias Joseph D - - 2005
Various clinical situations may arise in the PICU that necessitate the use of sedation, analgesia, or both. Although there is a large clinical experience with midazolam in the PICU population and it remains the most commonly used benzodiazepine in this setting, lorazepam may provide an effective alternative, with a longer ...
Wang Su-hua - - 2005
There is increasing evidence that infants' representations of physical events can be enhanced through appropriate experiences in the laboratory. Most of this research has involved administering infants multiple training trials, often with multiple objects. In the present research, 8-month-olds were induced to detect a physical violation in a single trial. ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2005
It has been demonstrated that older infants (6- to 7-month-olds), but not younger infants (3- to 4-month-olds), use form similarity to organize stimuli consisting of X and O elements. We investigated whether utilization of form similarity is governed by maturation or experience by contrasting how infants perform when familiarized with ...
Gerken LouAnn - - 2006
Two experiments presented infants with artificial language input in which at least two generalizations were logically possible. The results demonstrate that infants made one of the two generalizations tested, the one that was most statistically consistent with the particular subset of the data they received. The experiments shed light on ...
Templeton Christopher N - - 2005
Many animals produce alarm signals when they detect a potential predator, but we still know little about the information contained in these signals. Using presentations of 15 species of live predators, we show that acoustic features of the mobbing calls of black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapilla) vary with the size of ...
Felizardo Pedro - - 2006
Waste frying oils transesterification was studied with the purpose of achieving the best conditions for biodiesel production. Transesterification reactions were carried out for 1 h using waste frying oils (WFOs), methanol, and sodium hydroxide as catalyst. In order to determine the best conditions for biodiesel production, a series of experiments ...
Roisman Glenn I - - 2005
Although attachment theory suggests that childhood experiences with caregivers serve as a prototype for adult love relationships, few explicit tests of this hypothesis exist in the literature. Drawing on data from a longitudinal cohort followed from birth to young adulthood, this paper examined correlates and antecedents of young adults' representations ...
Mathew Marilyn - - 2005
Taking inspiration from a quotation by Lao Tzu, this paper considers 'reverie' as a dynamic process of containment as well as a state of mind. Reverie as a quality of thought akin to prayer is explored in the relationship between self and other. In infant observation, the paper contemplates the ...
Weitzel Mlisty A - - 2005
Regional studies that examine decomposition rates of certain faunal remains can help to determine time since death. Forensic anthropologists have long used qualitative decomposition data, but linking these to more quantitative data could improve time since death estimations. Experiments were developed in which domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) were buried with ...
Spinelli M G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The subject of infanticide is met with complex reactions. Paradoxically, the very same society that practices gender selection may also prosecute a mother for killing an infant. The author reviews historical, cultural, and political views on infanticide. OBJECTIVE: Using the case of Andrea Yates, the author illustrates the outcome ...
Teghtsoonian Robert - - 2005
A pure tone changing continuously in intensity shows sweep-induced fading (SIF) of loudness as intensity sweeps down and may show a lesser degree of sweep-induced enhancement (SIE) as intensity sweeps up (Canévet & Scharf, 1990); the former effect has been called decruitment, the latter upcruitment. An opposite effect-upsweeps being judged ...
Dullenkopf Alexander - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study reproducibility of cerebral tissue oxygenation index (cTOI) values in neonates and infants in a clinical setting using the NIRO 300 oximeter (Hamamatsu Photonics, Hamamatsu City, Japan). DESIGN: Clinical, observational study. SETTING: University hospital, pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Twenty neonatal and pediatric intensive care patients (age 0-190 ...
Rayco-Solon Pura - - 2005
Recent animal studies suggest that preconceptional undernutrition shortens gestation. We retested this idea among rural Gambian women who experience annual fluctuations in energy balance caused by the rains (with lowest weights in September to November) using records from 1918 infants. Pregnancies conceived in September to November were significantly shorter than ...
Kraljic Tanya - - 2005
Evidence has been mixed on whether speakers spontaneously and reliably produce prosodic cues that resolve syntactic ambiguities. And when speakers do produce such cues, it is unclear whether they do so "for" their addressees (the audience design hypothesis) or "for" themselves, as a by-product of planning and articulating utterances. Three ...
Newcombe Nora S - - 2005
Contemporary knowledge of infant cognition relies heavily on violation-of-expectation experiments. However, there are two ways to conceptualize what occurs in such studies. Babies may react to anomalous test events because of preexisting world knowledge. Alternatively, they may react because they have learned about events during the familiarization period. One way ...
Goodman Janice H - - 2005
DATA OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of fatherhood in the early months after the birth of an infant through a metasynthesis of relevant qualitative studies. Cinahl, PsychInfo, MEDLINE, and Social Work Abstracts electronic databases from 1990 through 2001 were searched using the terms qualitative, fathers, fatherhood, infants, father-infant relationship, and ...
Shapiro Liza J - - 2005
One of the most distinctive aspects of primate quadrupedal walking is the use of diagonal sequence footfalls in combination with diagonal-couplets interlimb timing. Numerous hypotheses have been offered to explain why primates might have evolved this type of gait, yet this important question remains unresolved. Because infant primates use a ...
Keasar Tamar - - 2005
The potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller), is a major pest of potatoes in fields and traditional storage. A common method of nonrefrigerated storage is to pile potatoes in straw-covered heaps in the field. Tubers may be stored up to 3-4 mo in this manner, until the next harvest. We studied ...
Lalitha S - - 2005
Three recombinant soybean cysteine proteinase inhibitors (rSCPIs), L1, R1 and N2, were assessed for their potential to inhibit the growth and development of three major agricultural crop pests known to utilize digestive cysteine proteinases: Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, WCR), Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata, CPB) and cowpea weevil ...
Metcalfe J S - - 2005
The ability to integrate sensation with action is considered an important factor underlying the development of upright stance and locomotion. While many have studied sensory influences on posture, the nature of these influences and how they change with development have yet to be thoroughly characterized in infancy. Six infants were ...
Needham Amy - - 2005
Four- and-a-half-month-old infants' (N = 100) category formation and use was studied in a series of five experiments. For each experiment, the test events featured a display composed of a cylinder and a box. Previous research showed that this display is not clearly parsed as a single unit or as ...
Asano Yoshihiro - - 2005
Benchmark experiments of thermal neutron distributions within the shield materials, graphite pile and pure water, were performed by using 252Cf fission neutrons and gold foil activation detectors, and, to these results, the estimates obtained by using the discrete ordinate code ANISN and the Monte Carlo code MCNP5 with two different ...
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