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Vettes B - - 1985
An experiment examining the accelerations encountered during a helicopter crash has been conducted on the SA 330 Puma. The measures recorded from anthropomorphic dummies used in this experiment clearly demonstrated the efficiency of crashworthy seats. Very high levels of acceleration recorded on the aircraft floor are attenuated by the seat. ...
Bertenthal B I - - 1985
3 experiments were conducted to examine infant sensitivity at 20, 30, and 36 weeks of age to the 3-dimensional structure of a human form specified through biomechanical motions. All 3 experiments manipulated occlusion information in computer-generated arrays of point-lights moving as if attached to the major joints and head of ...
Tawes R L RL - - 1985
Experience with 12 expectant mothers with DVT from 1978 to 1983 supports heparin therapy. After early experience with four patients with various doses of intravenous and subcutaneous mini-heparin both in and out of the hospital, we have selected a program of outpatient, self-administered adjusted subcutaneous heparin. There has been no ...
Sitaras N - - 1985
In in-vitro experiments, it was shown that aminoglycosides, in contrast to other antibiotics, inhibited the metachromatic reaction using o-toluidine blue as a basic dye and heparin-Na as a polysulfate-polysaccharide substrate. The inhibitory concentrations were inversely proportional to the free amino groups of aminoglycosides tested. Taking into consideration (a) that the ...
Camp L L - - 1985
To study ontogenetic variation in the mechanisms that control operant responding, infant rats 4-16 days old were trained to lift a forelimb in order to receive an infusion of a sucrose-milk solution (reinforcer). Although the learning processes that contribute to this behavior were to some extent functional in pups 5-6 ...
Molteno A C - - 1985
The Otago Photoscreener provides a sensitive indication of whether or not an infant is able to fix and focus binocularly on nearby objects. This instrument was designed for mass screening to identify infants with strabismus and/or amblyopia who do not fix and focus binocularly. This communication reports the authors' experience ...
Kleczkowska A - - 1985
Four different balanced X/autosome translocations: 46,X,t(X;9)(p11;q13); 46,X,t(X;12) (p11;q12); 46,X,t(X;15)(q12;p11) and 46,X,t(X;19)(q26;p12) are described in four female patients. The effect of X/autosome translocations on physical and sexual development of these women and their offspring is discussed.
Clarkson M G - - 1985
Two experiments assessed the importance of sound duration for eliciting head orientation responses from newborn infants. In Experiment 1, thirty infants turned with equal frequency toward 20-s continuous rattle sounds and 20-s trains of rattle segments. The duration of the rattle segments--14 and 100 ms (2/s), or 500 ms (1/s)--did ...
Ogden T H - - 1985
In this paper, I have proposed that Winnicott's concept of potential space might be understood as a state of mind based upon a series of dialectical relationships between fantasy and reality, me and not-me, symbol and symbolized, etc., each pole of the dialectic creating, informing, and negating the other. The ...
Slater A - - 1985
Two experiments are described the object of which was to investigate whether perception of shape at birth is determined solely by proximal (retinal) stimulation, or whether newborn babies have the ability to perceive objective, real shape across changes in slant. In experiment 1 looking at (ie preference for) one stimulus, ...
Simenauer E - - 1985
A re-valuation of the concept of identification appears pertinent as it has come to embrace a multitude of psychoanalytic notions. Historically Freud has already differentiated meaning and function of identification. The original choice of object in the infant is coupled with his narcissism; identification is unconscious, partial and ambivalent; both ...
Gekoski M J - - 1984
2 experiments assessed the effects of prior noncontingent or familiarization experience on subsequent operant conditioning (kick-produced mobile movement) in young infants. In Experiment 1, infants received either long- or short-term noncontingent exposure to their own rotating mobile or simply viewed this mobile for several days while it remained motionless. In ...
Sivanathan S - - 1984
Over the last 6 years a number of experiments in which sheep were successfully immunised with 2 doses of 10 000 Haemonchus contortus larvae, irradiated at 60 krad in a gamma-source, have been reported by the authors. In this paper, the failure of such a regimen of immunisation, using the ...
Acredolo L P - - 1984
In two longitudinal studies, infants were trained at 12 and 18 months to find an object hidden in one of two identical wells in a Plexiglas box. On the test trial, normal access was blocked and infants were either guided by their mother or allowed to move on their own ...
Shengold L - - 1984
Aspects of geography are important in relation to the establishment of body ego, since they inevitably supply from the external world the early symbols that represent in the mind the basic elements of infantile experience in regard to body parts, functions, and relationships with primal objects. The accretional inter-twining of ...
Bomba P C - - 1984
Recent research has indicated that infants are capable of responding to stimuli in a manner indicating that they categorize them. Infant perception of orientation was examined within a framework of categorization. In one experiment, it was shown that 4-month-old infants generalized habituation from one range of oblique grating stimuli to ...
Fagen J W - - 1984
The ability of 3-month-olds to acquire generalized expectancies of reward and the role of these expectancies in memory retrieval was assessed in 2 experiments. In both, infants learned to activate the components of a crib mobile by kicking and were trained with mobiles containing either the same (invariant) or different ...
Lockman J J - - 1984
3 longitudinal studies were conducted to examine the generalization of detour ability across motor responses and barrier types and the relationship between the development of object permanence and detour ability. In Experiment 1, 12 8-month-olds were tested every 3 weeks for 4 months on 4 different detour problems and Stage ...
Klish W J - - 1984
An innovative, safe, and rapid method suitable for the determination of lean body mass in infants is described. The machine (EMME) operates on the principle that a biologic specimen in an electromagnetic field perturbs the field proportional to its conductivity which is dependent on the amount of electrolyte present. The ...
Greenspan S I - - 1984
The developmental-structuralist approach to psychopathology in infants and young children involves studying adaptive and maladaptive patterns at each level of "experimental organization" from the early sensory, motor, and affective-thematic organizations to the later representational ones. Psychopathology may be related to defects or constrictions at each organizational level, including the representational ...
Luger G F - - 1984
A computational model is presented for the three stages of development of the object concept in infancy identified by Bower and Wishart in their research. The stages are described by sets of PROLOG clauses that interpret object structures representing the perceptual phenomena interpreted by the infants themselves. The infant's changes ...
Treiber F A - - 1984
Temperament differences were examined in a group of 24 Caucasian infants classified as completers (n = 16) and noncompleters (n = 8) on the basis of their performance in a visual habituation study. Maternal ratings of infant temperament based upon the Infant Temperament Questionnaire Revised revealed that noncompleters, in comparison ...
Leslie A M - - 1984
Infant perception of a Michottean launching event in which one object causes another to move through collision is examined in a series of habituation-test experiments. A number of hypotheses concerning how infants aged around 30 weeks might perceive and encode launching and its noncausal variants are identified and tested. The ...
Graf R - - 1984
Our report relates to our experimental investigations and clinical experience gained with the sonography of infant hips. On the basis of over 3,000 sonograms we were able to carry out a standardization of dysplasia forms from the sonographic point of view. It is possible to recognize disturbed hip maturation already ...
Benedetti F - - 1984
In recent experiments Montarolo et al. (1982) have shown that reversible inferior oliver (IO) inactivation of up to 90 s induces a marked increase of the Purkinje cell (PC) simple spike (SS) frequency which lasts as long as the disappearance of the complex spikes (CS). The present work was aimed ...
Ball W A - - 1983
In two experiments infants aged 34 to 70 days observed expanding shadows or filmed stimuli that simulated optical changes produced by an approaching object on a collision course. On the basis of theoretical and empirical work with adult Ss, it was predicted that infants would perceive depth changes and hence ...
Rowlands S - - 1983
Previous experiments in our laboratory and elsewhere have shown that extended macromolecules of high molecular weight are needed in the suspending medium to transmit the quantum-mechanical coherent interaction of human erythrocytes. Albumin, a globular protein, does not transmit the interaction at physiological concentrations. Albumin can be converted into a transmitter ...
Wyklicky H - - 1983
Although by 1931 I. Ph. Semmelweis' achievements and the tragedy of his life had been given their due place in the history of mankind, Alexander Fränkel, formerly Theodor Billroth's assistant and later his biographer, critically stated that the discoverer of the causes of puerperal fever should have defended his discovery ...
Magill H L - - 1983
Good demonstration of retroperitoneal structures in the neonate can be obtained with real-time coronal ultrasonography. Advantages of coronal scanning include limited manipulation of the infant, less hindrance from monitoring devices or tubes when positioning the scanning probe, and improved visualization of retroperitoneal structures due to less interference by bowel gas. ...
Zwaga H J - - 1983
To evaluate the efficiency of a coherent set of graphic symbols for public information in railway stations, a matching procedure was used, in which a referent was specified to respondents, and they were asked to select the appropriate symbol from the complete set of symbols shown to them. Data were ...
Strauch B - - 1983
The primary restoration of traumatically amputated digits is now routinely possible through the use of microvascular and microneural surgical techniques. The anatomy of the scalp, penis, ear, and nose makes them suitable subjects for application of these techniques. It has been the belief of many authors, as summarized by Grabb ...
Rosenfeld H - - 1983
In the first part of this paper I have concentrated on Melanie Klein's description of early infantile positive and negative object relations, which, in her view, start from birth onwards. I have also described the defences which arise in early infancy, which Melanie Klein stressed particularly in her papers in ...
Novey R - - 1983
I have traced the theories of Otto Rank as they appeared in his major technical writings. Against this background, I have discussed references to Rank in past and contemporary psychoanalytic literature. This paper describes three important contributions of Rank--his birth trauma theory, leading to his theory of the birth of ...
Porter R H - - 1983
The role of olfactory cues in maternal recognition of neonates was investigated. Mothers were able to identify the garments worn by their own infants (in comparison to garments worn by unfamiliar infants) through odor alone within the first 6 days postpartum. In a second experiment, mothers who had only limited ...
Landry E F - - 1982
The accumulation of low levels (0.002 to 0.18 PFU/ml) of both feces-associated and monodispersed poliovirus by oysters (Crassostrea virginica or C. gigas) and clams (Mercenaria mercenaria) was investigated. These levels were chosen to duplicate the conditions present in light to moderately polluted waters. Experiments were performed in both small- and ...
Goldberg S - - 1982
2 studies are reported in which 12-13-year-old girls, half of whom were premenarcheal and half post-menarcheal, responded to pictures of infants. In study 1, the 40 postmenarcheal girls preferred pictures of infants to those of adults more often than did their 40 premenarcheal peers. In the second study, 20 boys, ...
Martin L T - - 1982
Infant rat pups (3-4 days of age) that received a single pairing of a novel odor (CS) with illness later responded to the CS with sustained accelerations in heart rate (HR); a different novel odor evoked deceleratory HR responses. Control pups responded to the CS and the second novel odor ...
Golbus M S - - 1982
A series of 8009 genetic amniocenteses were retrospectively examined to evaluate the relationship of the procedure to Rh isoimmunization. Of the 615 Rh negative women giving birth to Rh positive infants and estimated to be at risk, thirteen (2.1 per cent) were sensitized subsequently to the amniocentesis. Eleven of the ...
Vazquez M - - 1982
Taste and flavor preferences were evaluated in malnourished (n=113) and well nourished (n=87) Mexican infants tested between 2 and 24 months of age. Not all infants were tested in all conditions. The malnourished infants all suffered from second or third degree malnutrition (marasmus) and were tested 2-28 days after admission ...
Kunz G G - - 1982
Responding to administrative staff and parental concerns, using modified reversal and withdrawal designs, two experiments evaluated a staff-managed feedback system to improve the hygiene and developmental skills of children in an infant/toddler center. Experiment 1 examined feedback designed to increase staff performance in checking and changing diapers, and recording those ...
Grotstein J S - - 1983
The Kleinian theory of ego psychology rests largely on the theory of internal object relations formed through projective identification and re-introjection, and how they undergo transformations from the paranoid-schizoid to the depressive positions via the capacity of the maternal container to transform her infant's "paranoid" content into sobering awareness of ...
Neilson I - - 1982
Traditional explanations of the infant's difficulty in the stage III, IV, and V object-concept tasks have centered on the fact that the object is made to disappear. It is argued that this emphasis is mistaken. Two experiments are reported which demonstrate that infants continue to have difficulty in these tasks ...
Banks M S - - 1982
Held et al. (1979) Vision Res. 19, 1377-1379, reported that infants' psychometric functions in preferential looking experiments exhibit a region of below chance performance or "negative preference". They argued from this that previous preferential looking experiments may have systematically underestimated acuity because they ignored this negative preference. We present data ...
Lipson J G - - 1982
Childbirth by cesarean, especially when unexpected, can be a source of acute emotional distress, stemming from unmet expectations for childbirth and the experience of major surgery, among other factors. Some women experience negative feelings months or years after the birth. A difficult cesarean birth experience has potential negative effects on ...
Turco R - - 1981
This article includes a discussion of several factors in the development of unresolved grief and the emergence of a different state of mind, a self-image that is less able to cope with the stress of loss. Emphasis is placed on the issue of previous sensitization to loss stemming from childhood ...
Laptook A - - 1981
One hundred ninety-one simultaneous PtcCO2 and PaCO2 values were recorded from 20 neonates using a heated CO2 sensor. Gestational age and birth weight ranged from 30--44 weeks and 1.22--3.4 kg, respectively. An overestimation of PaCO2 was consistently found. Regression analysis revealed a slope of 1.29, an intercept of 18 mm ...
Van Ark G - - 1981
(1) In agreement with Eisenbach and Gutman (Eisenbach, M. and Gutman, M. (1975) Eur. J. Biochem. 52, 107--116) the reduction of cytochrome b in beef-heart submitochondrial particles by succinate in the presence of antimycin was found to be biphasic, the relative amounts of fast and slow phases being dependent on ...
Gabbard G O - - 1981
Near deaths experiences are being reported with increasing frequency, but whether the constellation of factors comprising these experiences is unique to near death situations is unknown. This investigation compared near death experiences to other out-of-body experiences to determine if there are unique features associated with near death experiences. Our results ...
Heller J S - - 1981
Conditions have been established under which the antizyme of ornithine decarboxylase (E.C. 4.1.1.17, L-ornithine carboxy-lyase, ODC) a non-competitive protein inhibitor of ODC, can be detected in cells in response to as little as 10(-7) M putrescine. The maintenance of intracellular antizyme activity depends upon the continued presence of putrescine in ...
Richards J E - - 1981
Two experiments are reported that tested the effects of crawling-onset age, the amount of crawling experience, and testing age on avoidance of the deep side of a visual cliff apparatus by human infants. In Experiment 1, 49 infants ranging in age from 7 to 13 mo. were tested on the ...
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