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Results 501 - 550 of 645
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Streri A - - 1989
4-month-old infants held 2 rings, 1 in each hand, out of view. The rings moved rigidly together and were either the same (Experiment 1) or different (Experiment 2) in substance, weight, texture, and shape. After haptic habituation to a ring display, patterns of preferential looking to visibly connected vs. separated ...
Rosenblatt A A University of - - 1989
On the basis of terror management theory, it was hypothesized that when mortality is made salient, Ss would respond especially positively toward those who uphold cultural values and especially negatively toward those who violate cultural values. In Experiment 1, judges recommended especially harsh bonds for a prostitute when mortality was ...
Eilers R - - 1989
Three experiments were conducted to ascertain the relative salience of two cues for final consonant voicing in infants and adults. Experiment 1 was designed to investigate infant perception of periodicity of burst, vowel duration, and the two cues combined in a cooperating pattern. Experiment 2 was designed to examine infant ...
McDonnell P M - - 1989
The field of infant perceptual development has relied heavily on the preferential-looking and habituation paradigms. Despite the obvious advantages of employing standardized methodologies, there is a need to study how perceptual variables give rise to and guide action beginning in the neonatal period. It is argued here that, in the ...
Hennessy M B - - 1989
Infant guinea pigs recently were found to respond to brief maternal separation with an increase in plasma cortisol levels. The present experiments were conducted to further characterize this response and compare it with the cortisol separation response previously observed in primates. In Experiment 1, separation of guinea pig pups from ...
Langer R - - 1989
Since January 1983, 431 patients were examined by oral or rectal application of nonionic contrast medium for gastrointestinal studies. The contrast medium was uniformly well tolerated, even by severely ill preterm babies and infants. We present a review of our experience and a list of indications for the use of ...
Downey T W - - 1989
This paper began with definitions and it will end with one; albeit a tentative one. Subego: The postulated realm of the mind derived from the infant-mother experience culminating in the development or maldevelopment of a partial sense of self as sensate, effective, and autonomous. A structure for driving and interpreting ...
Kogan I - - 1989
In this paper, I attempted to illustrate the process of separation and growth in the third analysis of a Holocaust survivor's daughter. The first phase of analysis began by working through her externalization of the past by means of acting out. Her encounter with death allowed a re-activation and re-working ...
del Nido P J - - 1988
Severe low cardiac output of unknown cause that did not respond to inotropic and ventilatory support developed in a 2-kg infant. Intraaortic balloon pumping was used successfully to acutely improve her cardiac function and peripheral perfusion and to decrease the requirement for inotropic medications. We describe the technique for insertion ...
Singh K - - 1988
Norplant-2 contraceptive implants consist of two silastic rods in which levonorgestrel has been incorporated with the polymer. This study describes our experience with 100 acceptors of the Norplant-2 rods in Singapore. No pregnancies occurred during the first year of use. Menstrual irregularities was the main complaint associated with the use ...
Ogden T H - - 1988
A form of pathological internal object relationship is described that timelessly perpetuates the infant's subjective experience of the mother's difficulty in recognizing and responding to her infant's internal state. The individual identifies with both the mother and the infant in this internal object relationship and experiences intense anxiety and despair ...
Kaitz M - - 1988
We have compared the ability of 49 primiparous and 75 multiparous women to recognize photographs of their newborn infants. In line with previous research on infant cries, we found that multiparous women who had been with their infant 0.5 to 5.0 hr. were significantly more successful in recognizing their infants' ...
Fleming M W - - 1988
Three experiments were conducted to investigate experimentally the occurrence of periparturient nematode egg rise in ewes and the hormonal modulation of Haemonchus contortus infections. In the first experiment, fall-bred and winter-bred pregnant (n = 4 and 14, respectively) and nonpregnant (n = 5 and 29, respectively) ewes were treated with ...
Stephens B R - - 1988
Two experiments examined the effect of reinforcement on infants' performance in a preferential looking acuity task. In experiment 1, performance of 3- and 5-month-old infants was assessed under three conditions. In one condition, reinforcement was contingent upon performance. In another, no reinforcement was provided. In the last condition, reinforcement was ...
Razel M - - 1988
Three experiments on long-term isolation and educational deprivation of infants were performed 50 years ago by Myrtle McGraw and by Wayne and Marsena Dennis. Current textbooks regularly present these studies incorrectly as supporting the notion that early motor development is unaffected by environment. This presentation is shown to be incorrect ...
Kermoian R - - 1988
2 studies were designed to test the prediction that spatial search strategies (i.e., "object permanence") may be influenced by locomotor experience. Infants were assigned to 3 groups based on locomotor history: prelocomotor, prelocomotor with walker-assisted experience, and hands-and-knees creeping. Infants in all groups were 8.5 months of age. Results showed ...
Lee R R - - 1988
A reverse selfobject experience occurs when an infant functions as a selfobject for the mother. While reverse selfobject experiences are a part of healthy development, excessive experiences (a) traumatize the infant, (b) contribute to a pathological grandiose self, and (c) lead to severe treatment resistance in the early stages of ...
Woodson R - - 1988
A laboratory and a field experiment used within-subject designs to test the hypothesis that nonnutritive sucking (NNS) reduces heart rate (HR) in preterm infants. Infants in Experiment A were provided a standard pacifier nipple for 30 min under strictly controlled conditions. In the field Experiment B, nursing staff provided infants ...
Diakow C - - 1988
The experiments reported in this paper provide evidence that eggs must pass through the oviducts in order for receptivity to occur after ovulation in the female frog, Rana pipiens. In one experiment, oviductectomized frogs remained unreceptive after ovulation was induced by administration of exogenous pituitary glands, while sham-operates became receptive ...
Jackson G L - - 1988
The primary objective of this study was to determine the duration of exposure to a long-day or short-day photoperiod required to disrupt photorefractoriness to short-day and long-day photoperiods, respectively. In Experiment 1, 4 groups of Suffolk breed ewes--designated B1, B2, B3, and B4--were placed in photochambers one day before the ...
Benitz W E - - 1988
Hypoxemia refractory to oxygen administration and assisted ventilation is found in many clinical conditions and results from a variety of pathophysiologic disorders. Recent clinical and laboratory experience has demonstrated that the choice of therapy for an infant with refractory hypoxemia depends upon identification of the underlying etiologic and pathophysiologic conditions. ...
Stern D N - - 1988
Affect is considered in the context of the infant's lived-experience. It is considered as one of the attributes of experience, among many (cognition, perception, motive, action). Several different positions concerning the relative weight and role allotted to affect compared to other attributes are discussed along with the implications of each ...
Emde R N - - 1988
The problems of continuity and change posed by Freud's essay of fifty years ago are discussed in terms of the development of innate and motivational factors from infancy. Part I of this paper reviews interdisciplinary research and proposes some theoretical formulations. Research points to the centrality of the infant-caregiver relationship ...
Thomson M E - - 1988
In previous telemetric and animal experiments, cheese has been shown to be a food of low acidogenic and cariogenic potential. In vivo intraoral tests were carried out to confirm the low cariogenic potential of this substrate in humans and to explore the enamel-softening effects of toasted breadcrumbs and those of ...
Clark J E - - 1987
To walk independently, the human infant must coordinate its multisegmented body to achieve both postural stability and forward mobility. In this experiment, we sought evidence of the form this coordination takes in infants who have been walking 3 to 10 months. Using the Philippson phases to represent the step cycle, ...
Termine N - - 1987
Two experiments provide evidence that 4-month-old infants perceive background surfaces as continuous behind occluding objects. Infants were shown a partly hidden background surface either for a brief period of familiarization (Experiment 1) or until they met a criterion of habituation (Experiment 2). The infants were then tested with nonoccluded surfaces ...
Gibson E J - - 1987
In four studies we investigated the perception of the affordance for traversal of a supporting surface. The surface presented was either rigid or deformable, and this property was specified either optically, haptically, or both. In Experiment 1A, crawling and walking infants were presented with two surfaces in succession: a standard ...
Kellman P J - - 1987
In three experiments with infants and one with adults we explored the generality, limitations, and informational bases of early form perception. In the infant studies we used a habituation-of-looking-time procedure and the method of Kellman (1984), in which responses to three-dimensional (3-D) form were isolated by habituating 16-week-old subjects to ...
Salusky I B - - 1987
The clinical experience in eight infants aged 5.8 +/- 2.3 (SD) months at the initiation of continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) is described. BUN, creatinine, albumin, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase measurements were performed serially and no changes were seen throughout the follow-up period. Mean total energy and protein intake ...
Lucas A - - 1987
After several decades of intensive research into feeding preterm infants, it is important to question why there is persisting uncertainty over their dietary management. The evolution of scientific investigation in this field is compared with that in other areas of clinical science, where a three-phase pattern emerges: phase 1, reports ...
Rotenberg C T - - 1987
In this brief presentation, I have discussed the historical continuum of present day psychoanalysis with its early antecedents. I have described some basic concepts which illustrate where seemingly diverse psychoanalytic methodologies, based on differing scientific philosophies, actually join up, namely, in the areas of empathy, empathic resonance, "optimal responsiveness," and ...
Trávnícek J - - 1987
Long term experience with germ-free animal experiments and technology encouraged us to apply the know-how in the field of the care of human neonates with presumed immunodeficiency. The program was carried out at the Faculty of Pediatrics of Charles University in Prague. The sterile caesarean section was performed within the ...
Viederman M - - 1987
René Magritte was profoundly influenced in his painterly style and in the content of many of his paintings by his mother's suicide when he was fourteen. This paper explores the influence of this traumatic event on his work. My thesis is that the nighttime suicide of Magritte's mother by drowning: ...
Holinger L D - - 1987
Twenty-six infants and children underwent anterior cricoid split (ACS) in an attempt to avoid tracheotomy. Twenty (77%) were extubated successfully without tracheotomy;six (23%) failed and required tracheotomy. Our experience corroborates that reported in the literature. To date, 106 (77%) of 138 patients who have undergone ACS have been extubated successfully ...
Leone M R - - 1986
The applicability of continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) for renal replacement therapy was evaluated in three infants and two young children with catastrophic medical and surgical illnesses. In the first four patients, CAVH was used in conjunction with either peritoneal or hemodialysis. In the fifth patient, CAVH was the sole renal ...
Raju T N - - 1986
VVLBW infants constitute only 1 per cent of the total births, but account for 60 per cent of the NMR and 40 per cent of the IMR. While improved technology and refinements in care continue to improve survival for VVLBW infants, questions regarding the lower limits of viability must be ...
Colombo J - - 1986
In 3 experiments, the attentional responses of 4-month-old infants to frequency-modulated (FM) sweeps corresponding to the frequency range of adult-to-infant and adult-to-adult intonation patterns were assessed. In Experiment 1, infants were observed to discriminate "exaggerated" (i.e., adult-to-infant) FM sweeps from "normal" (i.e., adult-to-adult) FM sweeps in a habituation-dishabituation paradigm but ...
Fowler C A - - 1986
Adults hear alternating syllables with isochronous syllable onset-onset times as having a long-short, alternating rhythm when the syllables differ in initial consonant. This occurs because adults attend to syllable-internal events, called the "P centers" or "stress beats", rather than to syllable onsets. Thus they report that stress-beat aligned speech is ...
Humphrey G K - - 1986
Four experiments on pattern perception in 4-month-old infants are reported. The first two experiments examined the perception of pattern structure as defined by Garner (1974). Although the infants did not show an immediate preference for well-structured patterns (Experiment 1), during habituation they showed a reliable decrement in looking only to ...
Granrud C E - - 1986
Four experiments investigated the relation between the development of binocular vision and infant spatial perception. Experiments 1 and 2 compared monocular and binocular depth perception in 4- and 5-month-old infants. Infants in both age groups reached more consistently for the nearer of two objects under binocular viewing conditions than under ...
Law S P - - 1986
A synchronous relationship between the menstrual cycle and lunar rhythm was confirmed by: Investigative data: Among the 826 female volunteers with a normal menstrual cycle, aged between 16 and 25 years, a large proportion of menstruations occurred around the new moon (28.3%), while at other times during the lunar month ...
Dachman R S - - 1986
We evaluated the effectiveness of a multicomponent package in training infant-care skills to first-time fathers. After developing and socially validating a set of infant-care skills, we assessed the effects of training in a hospital-based program with expectant fathers (Experiment 1) and in a home-based program with fathers having varied degrees ...
Byrne D G - - 1986
Early views of the Type A behaviour pattern (TABP) sought to disengage it from either neuroticism or emotional distress. Recent evidence challenging these views has, however, recommended a reevaluation of the area. Data arising from the present study indicate the TABP to be statistically related to measures of both neuroticism ...
Hay D F - - 1986
Research on the psychology of infancy in the 1980s was prolific and diverse. At least four different perspectives have been taken. The first views the infant as information processor, adopts the methods and assumptions of experimental psychology, and focuses on such fundamental processes as attention, perception, emotion, learning and memory, ...
Younger B A - - 1985
2 experiments were conducted investigating infants' use of structural relations (i.e., correlated attribute values) in dividing or segregating items into categories. Rosch argued that attribute values do not occur in all possible combinations in the real world. Even though values of attributes may vary continuously across objects, some combinations are ...
Fagen J W - - 1985
The influence of crying on infants' long-term memory for a learned response was investigated in 3 experiments. In each, infants were trained to move a crib mobile containing 10 identical objects by means of kicking and were then exposed to a reinforcer containing only 2 of these components. This shift ...
Lewis J H - - 1985
Hiccups result from a wide variety of conditions that act on the supraspinal hiccup center or that stimulate or disinhibit the limbs of its reflex arc. While scores of hiccup remedies have been reported over the centuries, no single "cure" stands out as being the most effective. Measures that stimulate ...
Horner T M - - 1985
The subjective life of the young infant is examined in the light of classical psychoanalytic theory and of recent empirical studies of early infant behavior and development. The concepts of symbiosis and omnipotence are argued to be products of poetic but largely misguided reconstructions from adult experience, providing a questionable ...
Vettes B - - 1985
An experiment examining the accelerations encountered during a helicopter crash has been conducted on the SA 330 Puma. The measures recorded from anthropomorphic dummies used in this experiment clearly demonstrated the efficiency of crashworthy seats. Very high levels of acceleration recorded on the aircraft floor are attenuated by the seat. ...
Bertenthal B I - - 1985
3 experiments were conducted to examine infant sensitivity at 20, 30, and 36 weeks of age to the 3-dimensional structure of a human form specified through biomechanical motions. All 3 experiments manipulated occlusion information in computer-generated arrays of point-lights moving as if attached to the major joints and head of ...
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