Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1528
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Barr Gordon A - - 2011
Human infants may be exposed to opiates through placental transfer from an opiate-using mother or through the direct administration of such drugs to relieve pain (e.g., due to illness or neonatal surgery). Infants of many species show physical dependence and tolerance to opiates. The magnitude of tolerance and the nature ...
N'guessan Koffi - - 2011
We report a case of a very fast and intriguing decrease in IgE concentrations after exclusion from the diet of any CM lysate in an unusual clinical presentation of cow's milk allergy in an infant. Analysis of IgE kinetics after allergen elimination suggests rapid cessation of IgE biosynthesis and a ...
Westerberg Ane C - - 2011
To investigate the effect of supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in early neonatal life on cognitive functions among human milk fed very low birth weight infants (<1500 g) at 20 months chronological age. Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled intervention supplementing human milk with 0.5 mL oil (containing 32 ...
Vuononvirta Juho - - 2011
Human nasopharynx is often colonized by potentially pathogenic bacteria. Gene polymorphisms in mannose-binding lectin (MBL), toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR4 have been reported. The present study aimed to investigate possible association between nasopharyngeal bacterial colonization and gene polymorphisms of MBL, TLR2 and TLR4 in healthy infants. From August 2008 ...
Cordes Sara - - 2011
Despite a prevailing assumption in the developmental literature that changes in continuous quantities (i.e., surface area, duration) are easier to detect than changes in number, very little research has focused on the verity of this assumption. The few studies that have directly examined infants' discriminations of continuous extent have revealed ...
Lam Hugh S - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional gastrointestinal dysmotility is a common condition that affects premature infants. Delay in achievement of full enteral nutrition results in dependence on prolonged parenteral nutrition, predisposing to adverse outcomes. Studies in recent years show apparently conflicting results regarding the use of prokinetic agents in preterm infants. This ...
Genzel-Boroviczény O - - 2010
  Is a 1-min Apgar score ≤1 predictive of mortality in resuscitated extremely premature infants?  A retrospective case-control review of all infants with gestational ages < 27 weeks over a 5-year period. All values as median [75% CI].  Of 237 infants, 29 had 1-min Apgar scores ≤1 (Group 1) and ...
Orozco-Gutierrez Alberto - - 2010
Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a common cause of brain damage in the neonatal period. Approximately 10% of births involve some degree of asphyxia, and 1% of these are severe. Current treatment has been limited to supportive measures and the recent use of hypothermia. Beneficial effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) ...
Lee Henry Chong - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between low Apgar score and neonatal mortality in preterm neonates. Infant birth and death certificate data from the US National Center for Health Statistics for 2001-2002 were analysed. Primary outcome was 28-day mortality for 690, 933 neonates at gestational ages 24-36 weeks. Mortality rates were calculated ...
Houtzager Bregje A BA Emma Children's Hospital of the Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2010
 To study early developmental course in preschool-aged very preterm infants and its association with perinatal risk factors and test-taking behaviour.   Children born <30 weeks gestation and/or <1000g in the Academic Medical Center of Amsterdam were assessed at 24 and 36 months corrected age with the Dutch Bayley Scales of ...
Yukawa M - - 2011
Optimal use of phenobarbital in the neonatal population requires information regarding the drug's pharmacokinetics and the influence of various factors, such as different routes of administration, on the drug's disposition. However, because of sampling restrictions, it is often difficult to perform traditional pharmacokinetic studies in neonates and infants. This study ...
Cignetti Fabien F Nebraska Biomechanics Core Facility, University of Nebraska at Omaha, 6001 Dodge Street, Omaha, NE 68182-0216, - - 2011
We examined (1) how sitting postural control in infants develops in the anterior-posterior (A/P) and medial-lateral (M/L) directions of sway, and (2) whether this control is already adult-like during the late phase of infant's sitting acquisition. COP data were acquired from 14 healthy infants (from the onset of sitting until ...
Fucile Sandra - - 2010
To assess the effect of an oral (O+O), a tactile/kinesthetic (T/K+T/K), and a combined (O+T/K) intervention on preterm infants' weight gain and motor function and to determine whether the combined O+T/K intervention has an additive/synergistic effect on outcomes. Seventy-five preterm infants were randomized into an O+O intervention consisting of oral ...
Hay Dale F DF Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Our aim was to develop an age-appropriate measure of early manifestations of aggression. We constructed a questionnaire about normative developmental milestones into which a set of items measuring infants' use of physical force against people and expressed anger were included. These items comprise the Cardiff Infant Contentiousness Scale (CICS). Evidence ...
Chuang Chao-Hua - - 2011
Aim:  To explore whether maternal psychosocial factors around delivery are related to development of 2-year-old children. Methods:  Pregnant women going to the hospital for delivery were recruited, and their children were observed at 24 months. A total of 186 mother-child dyads completed the measurement. Self-report data of maternal psychosocial factors around ...
Harbourne Regina T - - 2010
The ability to sit independently is fundamental for function but delayed in infants with cerebral palsy (CP). Studies of interventions directed specifically toward sitting in infants with CP have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to compare 2 interventions for improving sitting postural control in infants with ...
Maunu Jonna - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyse the relation between ventricular dilatation at term and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years corrected age in infants of very low birthweight (VLBW) or very low gestational age (VLGA). A total of 225 VLBW or VLGA infants (121 males, 104 female; mean birthweight ...
Nordhov S Marianne - - 2010
The goal was to examine the effectiveness of an early intervention on cognitive and motor outcomes at corrected ages of 3 and 5 years for children with birth weights (BWs) of <2000 g. A randomized controlled trial of a modified version of the Mother-Infant Transaction Program was performed. Outcomes were ...
Walker Karen - - 2011
Relative to the wealth of information in the medical literature regarding developmental outcome for infants who have had cardiac surgery available, few studies specifically detail how those who have undergone major surgery grow and develop. The few published studies tend to be disease specific, making their results difficult to translate ...
Roze Elise - - 2010
To determine the stability of the scores obtained on tests of motor development from birth until school age in healthy, term singletons and to determine if early motor scores are associated with more complex cognitive functions at school age, such as attention and memory. This longitudinal, prospective cohort study included ...
Schlapbach Luregn J - - 2010
Intrauterine conditions may interfere with foetal brain development. We compared the neurodevelopmental outcome between infants <32 weeks gestational age after maternal preeclampsia or chorioamnionitis and controls. Case-control study on infants with maternal preeclampsia, chorioamnionitis and controls (each n = 33) matched for gestational age. Neurodevelopment at 2 years was assessed ...
Kayenne Martins Roberto Formiga Cibelle - - 2011
Aim:  To trace a reference curve for motor development from birth up to 12 months of corrected chronological age in infants born preterm and low birth weight. Methods:  This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 308 preterm infants (53% boys) weighing <2500 g at birth. The Alberta Infant Motor Scale ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Between June 2004 and September 2007, 41 CDH survivors were prospectively enrolled in an interdisciplinary follow-up program. Neurodevelopmental status was evaluated using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II (prior 2006, n ...
Jee Hye Mi - - 2010
The incidences of asthma and obesity have been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with several studies showing a relationship between these conditions. We investigated the influence of higher weight for height (WFH) Z-score on wheezing in infants with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). We reviewed the medical charts ...
Wilkinson Dominic - - 2010
Life-sustaining treatment is sometimes withdrawn or withheld from critically ill newborn infants with poor prognosis. Guidelines relating to such decisions place emphasis on the best interests of the infant. However, in practice, parental views and parental interests are often taken into consideration. In this paper I draw on the example ...
Cho June - - 2010
To examine gender-differentiated health and cognitive/motor/language developmental outcomes among medically at-risk infants. Longitudinal descriptive and comparative secondary analysis. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, intermediate care unit, and infectious disease clinic of tertiary medical centers in the southeast and east United States. One hundred eight (108) premature infants, 67 medically fragile infants, ...
Costa Raquel - - 2010
The Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS, Brazelton & Nugent, 1995) is an instrument conceived to observe the neonatal neurobehavior. Data analysis is usually performed by organizing items into groups. The most widely used data reduction for the NBAS was developed by Lester, Als, and Brazelton (1982). Examine the psychometric properties ...
Varni James W - - 2011
The PedsQL™ (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™) is a modular instrument designed to measure health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and disease-specific symptoms in children and adolescents ages 2-18. The new PedsQL™ Infant Scales were designed as a generic HRQOL instrument specifically for healthy and ill infants ages 1-24 months. The objective ...
De Baets Frans - - 2010
Aspiration is a suspected cause of chronic respiratory disease in infants. We assessed the probability of aspiration by immunocytochemical staining of alveolar macrophages for milk proteins (α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin) and compared these findings with the Oil-Red-O staining score. Broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL), 24-hr esophageal pH-measurement and/or gastro-esophageal scintigraphy were performed in ...
Puura Kaija - - 2010
Distressed infants may withdraw from social interaction, but recognising infants' social withdrawal is difficult. The aims of the study were to see whether an infant observation method can be reliably used by front line workers, and to examine the prevalence of infants' social withdrawal symptoms. A random sample of 363 ...
Pin Tamis W - - 2010
Preterm infants are recognised as developing at a significantly slower rate than their full-term peers and with different movement quality. This study aimed to describe the longitudinal gross motor trajectories of these infants in the first 18 months of (corrected) age and investigate factors associated with gross motor development. A ...
Bosch Kerstin - - 2010
Children under 10 years of age are less efficient than adults regarding their dynamic balance control. The development of the somatosensory system is necessary for the control of posture and balance. The foot, as the final link between body and ground, transfers internal forces during gait. The coordination of force ...
Escolano-Pérez Elena - - 2010
The present study represents a contribution to the assessment of infant cognitive development by presenting a valid instrument for observing the development of logical reasoning and executive function during the second year of life-key processes in the construction of human knowledge. The instrument constructed, called ELEDA (Early Logical and Executive ...
Leppänen M - - 2010
To study neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of corrected age in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) (< or = 1500 g) preterm infants with abnormal fetoplacental flow. A total of 258 VLBW infants were born at Turku University Hospital between 2001 and 2006. Of these, 99 had undergone, within 1 week of delivery, ...
Doroba Carolyn K - - 2010
Marsupials give birth after short gestation times to neonates that have an intriguing combination of precocial and altricial features, based on their functional necessity after birth. Perhaps most noticeably, marsupial newborns have highly developed forelimbs, which provide the propulsion necessary for the newborn's crawl to the teat. To achieve their ...
Hwang Ai-Wen - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the diagnostic test, the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers (CDIIT). A total of 1085 children in four age groups (infant, 1-year-old, 2-year-old, preschool age) were enrolled. The Developmental Quotient of each subdomain of the five CDIIT ...
Starr Jacqueline R JR Departments of Pediatrics and Epidemiology, University of Washington, Children's Craniofacial Center, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington, - - 2010
To measure severity of trigonocephaly among infants with single-suture metopic craniosynostosis by using a novel shape descriptor, the trigonocephaly severity index (TSI), and to evaluate whether degree of trigonocephaly correlates with their neurodevelopmental test scores. We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional and longitudinal study, identifying and recruiting 65 infants with metopic ...
Wu Jianhua - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infants with Down syndrome (DS) have delayed walking and produce less-coordinated walking patterns. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether 2 treadmill interventions would have different influences on the development of joint kinematic patterns in infants with DS. DESIGN: Thirty infants with DS were randomly assigned ...
Stoinska B - - 2011
Objective:To establish the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disabilities among premature infants born in western Poland.Study Design:From 1999 to 2003, 640 extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and 777 very low birth weight (VLBW) infants were admitted to the tertiary care center in Poland. Discharged home were 302 and 671 of them, respectively. ...
Atmosukarto I - - 2010
Abstract Objective: The authors developed and tested three-dimensional (3D) indices for quantifying the severity of deformational plagiocephaly (DP). Design: The authors evaluated the extent to which infants with and without DP (as determined by clinic referral and two experts' ratings) could be correctly classified. Participants: Infants aged 4 to 11 ...
Solanki Punita Vasant - - 2010
The aim of this study was to study the effectiveness of modified ankle foot orthosis fabricated from low-temperature thermoplastics, as an alternative orthosis for the maintenance of correction in idiopathic congenital talipes equino varus (CTEV) deformity. The study was conducted in infants after the completion of the Ponseti serial manipulation ...
Lundqvist-Persson Cristina - - 2010
The requirement of essential fatty acids (EFA) for the development of the brain is well documented. To investigate the early neurological development at term and 44 weeks gestational age in preterm infants in relation to EFA concentrations in breast milk and in infants' and mothers' plasma phospholipids. Fifty-one premature infants ...
Sarkar Subrata - - 2010
To determine precooling attributes possibly predicting death in infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) despite therapeutic cooling. Eighty-five consecutive infants of ≥36 weeks' gestation who received cooling for HIE were reviewed. Logistic regression analysis was performed using precooling clinical and laboratory variables with death related to HIE during the first 9 ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of preventive care at home on child development and primary caregiver mental health at 2 years of age. A total of 120 very preterm infants (<30 weeks) were assigned randomly to intervention (n = 61) or control (n = 59) ...
Bennett Beverley - - 2010
To determine the appropriateness of using the Griffiths' Mental Developmental Scales (birth - 2 years) to assess development in a cohort of urban Aboriginal children at 12 months of age. The Gudaga study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study assessing the health, development and service use of urban Aboriginal infants ...
Hutman Ted - - 2010
Infants and preschoolers with ASD show impairment in their responses to other people's distress relative to children with other developmental delays and typically developing children. This deficit is expected to disrupt social interactions, social learning, and the formation of close relationships. Response to distress has not been evaluated previously in ...
Verner M-A - - 2010
Pre- and postnatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can impair behavioural function in animal models at doses within the range at which humans are commonly exposed. Yet, epidemiologic studies conducted in the US and Europe are inconsistent with regard to the developmental effects of lactational exposure to these chemicals. This ...
Vahabi S - - 2010
AIM: Apgar scoring system was proposed in 1952 for evaluating the physical condition of neonates at 1 and 5 minutes after delivery. We designed this study to examine the original intent of Apgar system to predict neonatal survival during almost 50 years of its application. METHODS: We carried out a ...
El-Dib Mohamed - - 2011
Over the decades, the evolution of neonatology has been a continuum. After intense focus on cardiac and respiratory support, now more time, effort and research are concerned about brain development of the term and preterm infants. There is no single standardized neurodevelopmental assessment tool that can be advocated for infants ...
Albers Esther M - - 2010
This study examined whether the quality of caregiver behavior in child care centers contributes to infant cognitive development at 9 months of age. Sixty-four infants (34 boys) were observed with their primary caregivers in child care centers at 3, 6, and 9 months of age. Caregiver behavior was rated for ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >