Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1518
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Stenson Benjamin J - - 2012
Although supplemental oxygen is one of the commonest treatments in neonatal medicine, the evidence base for deciding which newborns need it, and what is the appropriate dose remains weak. Clinical research in this area is difficult because it requires clinicians to depart from established practice and, in the case of ...
Ley David D Department of Pediatrics, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. - - 2013
In preterm infants, low levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) are associated with impaired brain growth and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Treatment with IGF-I/IGFBP-3 may be beneficial for brain development and may decrease the prevalence of ROP. In a phase II pharmacokinetics and safety ...
Linz Annette - - 2012
Objective :  To perform a retrospective study to evaluate the effect of oral appliances, aimed at increasing the pharyngeal space, on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in infants with trisomy 21 (TS21), Design and Setting :  Retrospective study in a tertiary referral center. Intervention :  We analyzed data from 51 consecutive ...
Vygen Sabine B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report a nutritional rehabilitation program in Niger for the management of severe acute malnutrition in infants aged <6 months. STUDY DESIGN: This is a presentation of a case series (n = 632) of young infants who were admitted to a nutrition rehabilitation program in 2010-2011. The main characteristics of the ...
Cabrera R - - 2012
The transport of IgG across the epithelial barrier and into the circulation is achieved in part by the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), and this provides passive immunity to the neonate. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of time and feeding state on IgG absorption, intestinal morphology, ...
McLemore Gabrielle L GL Morgan State University, Department of Biology, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
The non-medical use of prescription drugs, in general, and opioids, in particular, is a national epidemic, resulting in enormous addiction rates, healthcare expenditures, and overdose deaths. Prescription opioids are overly prescribed, illegally trafficked, and frequently abused, all of which have created a new opioid addiction pathway, adding to the number ...
Ware Tyson L - - 2012
Aim:  To audit clinical practice and assess early outcomes for infants with epileptic spasms after an agreed initial treatment protocol was adopted. Methods:  We reviewed all cases of epileptic spasms diagnosed between July 2007 and June 2009 and assessed adherence to protocol, remission by day 14, spasm recurrence and side ...
Urrets-Zavalia Julio A - - 2012
AIMS: To assess the impact of different oxygenation policies on the rate and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2006, infants of 1500 g birthweight (BW) or less and/or 32 weeks gestational age (GA) or less, and larger, more mature infants with risk factors ...
Paes Bosco A - - 2012
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is rare in neonates and infants; however evidence suggests it is underdiagnosed. The primary objective is to conduct a scientific review to determine if the presentation, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of neonates and infants with PTE are consistent across studies. Secondly, to develop an algorithm to establish ...
Cicchetti Roberto - - 2012
Neonates with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) usually present with varying degrees of upper airway obstruction and difficulty feeding. Early treatment is important for such children in order to prevent impaired cognitive development resulting from hypoxemic episodes. Various procedures aimed at widening the pharyngeal space have been proposed, including prone position, ...
Xie Yi - - 2012
Neonatal chondrodysplasia punctata (CDP) is characterized by epiphyseal stippling and midfacial hypoplasia. CDP is usually inherited, but can be acquired because of maternal vitamin K deficiency. We describe an infant with CDP born to a teenager with sickle cell anemia and transfusional iron overload. The mother had severe liver fibrosis, ...
Gilchrist Michelle - - 2012
A 5-month old infant presented with a short history of fever of unknown origin. He initially appeared well although there was a resting tachycardia during periods of normal temperature, and pancytopenia. He remained febrile in spite of antibiotic therapy and by 48 h he had developed marked hepatosplenomegaly and coagulopathy. At ...
Diaz Patricia V - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:The majority of studies on glucocorticoid treatment in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis concluded that there are no beneficial effects. We hypothesized that RSV-infected patients may have an increased glucocorticoid receptor (GR) β expression, the isoform that is unable to bind cortisol and exert an antiinflammatory action.METHODS:By using real-time polymerase ...
van der Velden Lieven B J - - 2012
Here, we report the first isolation of Wautersiella falsenii from the urine of an infant with a complicated urinary tract infection. W. falsenii was correctly identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time of flight mass spectrometry. The identification was confirmed by 16S polymerase chain reaction. Susceptibility test results of this ...
Hitzert Marrit M - - 2012
Molybdenum cofactor deficiency (MoCD) is a lethal autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism with devastating neurologic manifestations. Currently, experimental treatment with cyclic pyranopterin monophosphate (cPMP) is available for patients with MoCD type A caused by a mutation in the MOCS-1 gene. Here we report the first case of an infant, ...
Singh Ameeta E - - 2012
Few data exist on the serologic outcome of treponemal tests (TT) in congenital syphilis. Of 16 cases in Edmonton, Canada from 2005-2010, 11 (69%) infants sero-reverted their TT by 18 months. Cases that did not sero-revert their TT were statistically more likely to have delayed treatment and to have higher ...
Jayashree Mohan M Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Vinayaka Mission's Dental College, Salem, Tamilnadu India ; Salem Polyclinic, 128, Omalur Road, Salem, 636007 - - 2013
Cleft lip and palate is a congenital anomaly occurring at birth. This article describes about the construction of feeding plate which is also used for naso alveolar molding (NAM). The main objective of this treatment is that this procedure minimizes the extent of surgery that should be done on newborns. ...
Fouhy Fiona - - 2012
The infant gut microbiota undergoes dramatic changes during the first 2 years of life. The acquisition and development of this population can be influenced by numerous factors, and antibiotic treatment has been suggested as one of the most significant. Despite this, however, there have been relatively few studies which have ...
Halvorsen Cecilia Pegelow - - 2012
Abstract Aim: To determine infant survival and neonatal outcome after fetoscopic laser treatment of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Results: In 53/71(75%) laser-treated TTTS cases, at least one twin was liveborn and in 42/71(59%) cases at least one twin survived infancy. Fetal survival did not differ between donors [41/71(58%)] and recipients ...
Piehl E - - 2012
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in premature neonates. This syndrome is caused by a lack of endogenous surfactant production in the lungs. Surfactant replacement was established as a safe and effective treatment in the 1990s and has become the standard of care for ...
O'Reilly Megan - - 2012
Recent advances in our understanding of stem/progenitor cells and their potential to repair damaged organs offer the possibility of cell-based treatments for neonatal lung injury. This review summarizes basic concepts of stem/progenitor cell biology and discusses the recent advances and challenges of cell-based therapies for lung diseases, with a particular ...
Kluba Susanne - - 2012
Helmet therapy is widely accepted in the treatment of severe positional plagiocephaly. The improvement of the cranial asymmetry under therapy is evident, but parents are also concerned about the ear shift. Our study investigated the influence of helmet therapy on the position of the ears and analyzed the reliability of ...
Siew Lawrence T - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Methadone exposures in children have increased as the drug has gained more prevalence in the treatment of adult narcotic dependency. Previous literature concerning pediatric methadone ingestion has focused primarily on unintentional ingestions. We describe a 2-month-old male infant presenting with respiratory failure from suspected intentional methadone administration. The infant ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2012
The occurrence of neonatal seizures is an important clinical sign indicating brain disorder in neonates. An identification of neonatal seizures is critical in the management of high risk neonates. However, the diagnosis and management of neonatal seizures are challenging, because electroclinical dissociation is an outstanding feature of neonatal seizures. Neonatal ...
Filippelli Amanda C - - 2012
We report on the safety of non-insertive acupuncture (NIA) in 54 newborns diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in a busy inner city hospital. For this case series, a retrospective chart review was conducted. Data on participant demographics, number of NIA treatments, provider referrals, and outcomes of interest (sleeping, feeding, ...
Kraft Walter K - - 2012
Opioid use in pregnant women has increased over the last decade. Following birth, infants with in utero exposure demonstrate signs and symptoms of withdrawal known as the neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Infants express a spectrum of disease, with most requiring the administration of pharmacologic therapy to ensure proper growth and ...
Long Dustin M DM Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB #7420, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7420, - - 2012
In randomized trials to prevent breast milk transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from mother to infant, investigators are often interested in assessing the effect of a treatment or intervention on the cumulative risk of HIV infection by time (age) t in infants who are alive and uninfected at a ...
Corcoran Siobhan - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to determine neonatal outcomes in preterm operative vaginal delivery given the current paucity of data available to guide clinicians. Study design: A retrospective review of 64 cases was conducted, and neonatal outcomes were compared to spontaneous vaginal deliveries in similar gestations. The ...
Avraham Sarit - - 2012
The modern era of infertility treatment was heralded over half a century ago with the introduction of new hormonal drugs that could effectively induce ovarian ovulation. However, it was quickly recognized that the birth of these new "miracle drugs" was associated with a remarkable increase in the incidence of high-order ...
Heesen Michael - - 2012
Abstract Background: A known side effect of labour epidural analgesia (EDA) is maternal fever. It is unclear whether this has effects on the anti-infectious management of the neonate. Methods: A systematic literature search and a hand search of abstract publications were conducted. Studies reporting sepsis evaluation or antibiotic treatment were ...
Tham Sock Ying - - 2012
Premature neonates of very low birth weight (VLBW) whose treatment required the use of naso-gastric tube feeding were investigated. 10 infants suspected of having GERD (gastroesophageal reflux) received oral lansoprazole therapy by tube administration. 9 other infants formed a control group. In the treated group a fasting pH was determined ...
See K C - - 2012
This analysis is a case-series to document the outcome of term newborns with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE), enrolled into total body hypothermia therapy, in a tertiary neonatal unit in Malaysia. The method used to achieve total body hypothermia is a novel method using just environmental temperature, without the need of ...
Keszler Martin M Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI - - 2012
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is an effective but costly therapy for infants with hypoxemic respiratory failure. The approved and solidly evidence-based indication is for treatment of late preterm and term infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN); however, off-label use of iNO has become widespread. Although iNO treatment ...
Burrowes Delilah - - 2012
Neuroimaging studies for persons in the National Collaborative Chicago-Based Congenital Toxoplasmosis Study (NCCCTS) with symptoms and signs referable to the spinal cord were reviewed. Three infants had symptomatic spinal cord lesions, another infant a Chiari malformation, and another infant a symptomatic peri-spinal cord lipoma. One patient had an unusual history ...
Peliowski Abraham - - 2012
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a pulmonary vasodilator that plays a major role in regulating vascular muscle tone. It has emerged as a treatment for hypoxemic respiratory failure in newly born infants that is associated with persistent high pulmonary vascular pressure and resultant right-to-left shunting of blood (persistent pulmonary hypertension ...
Kapitanović Vidak Helena - - 2012
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a nonprogressive motor disorder caused by white matter damage in the developing brain and is often accompanied with cognitive and sensory disabilities. The risk of CP is higher among infants born preterm than in more mature infants. Intrauterine infection/inflammation, activation of the cytokine network and elevated ...
Pavic Dario - - 2012
SummaryThis investigation aims to contribute to the existing literature on demographic and ecological factors affecting the sex ratio at birth, by analysing the births in Croatia from 1998 to 2008. Data from birth certificates for all Croatian births for the investigated period (n=420,256) were used to establish the link between ...
Gerzanic Lucia - - 2012
A Tübingen palate plate and early cleft closure for successful airway management is described in a newborn with Pierre Robin sequence. A three-day-old newborn with an acute airway obstruction underwent primary treatment with a Tübingen soft palate plate. After stabilization of the airway, the cleft soft palate was closed after ...
Olsson Karl Wilhelm - - 2012
Objective. To identify factors affecting closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in newborn infants born at 22-27 weeks gestational age (GA) during pharmacological treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Method. Infants born at 22-27 weeks of GA between January 2006 and December 2009 who had been treated pharmacologically for PDA were identified ...
Uberos J - - 2012
The present study, which is part of the ISRCTN16968287 clinical assay, is aimed at determining the effects of cranberry syrup or trimethoprim treatment for UTI. This Phase III randomised clinical trial was conducted at the San Cecilio Clinical Hospital (Granada, Spain) with a study population of 192 patients, aged between ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
Surfactant treatment has been demonstrated to decrease pneumothorax and mortality in preterm infants (with RDS). In many neonatal intensive care units NCPAP is used immediately after birth, while surfactant is given as early rescue in infants who develop RDS. This approach has been found safe and effective in several studies ...
Ahmed Shakeel - - 2012
Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon rapidly progressing infection of soft tissue characterized by a severe inflammation of the fascia and soft tissue. The disease is associated with necrosis and subcutaneous gangrene of the inflamed tissue with systemic toxicity that carries a significant mortality unless timely diagnosed and aggressively treated. Monomicrobial ...
Dalton Brian G A - - 2012
Focal intestinal perforation (FIP) has long been described in the pediatric literature. Peritoneal drainage (PD) is widely used as treatment for focal intestinal perforation. Here we report a premature infant that underwent PD on day of life 9 for a FIP. The infant recovered well from this episode and was ...
Taylor Lee - - 2012
Background. There is a paucity of research in Australia on the characteristics of women in treatment for illicit substance use in pregnancy and the health outcomes of their neonates. Aims. To determine the clinical features and outcomes of high-risk, marginalized women seeking treatment for illicit substance use in pregnancy and ...
Gupta Samir - - 2012
Surfactant replacement therapy has been the mainstay of treatment for preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome for more than twenty years. For the most part, surfactant is administered intratracheally, followed by mechanical ventilation. In recent years, the growing interest in noninvasive ventilation has led to novel approaches of administration. This ...
Mohammadizadeh Majid - - 2012
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are light sources recently used for phototherapy in neonatal jaundice. We compared the efficacy and safety of LEDs with fluorescent phototherapy in the treatment of indirect hyperbilirubinemia. This controlled trial was conducted on preterm infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit of Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan ...
Yee-Hang Wong Birgitta - - 2012
Stridor is the main symptom of upper airway obstruction in infants. It can be congenital or acquired, acute or chronic. Pathologies can be located from the nose down to the trachea. Common causes include laryngomalacia, vocal cord palsy, subglottic stenosis, tracheal anomaly, laryngeal cleft, vascular and lymphatic malformation, laryngeal papillomas, ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed E - - 2012
Nebulised surfactant has the potential to deliver surfactant to the infant lung with the goal of avoiding endotracheal intubation and ventilation, ventilator-induced lung injury and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). To determine the effect of nebulised surfactant administration either as prophylaxis or treatment compared to placebo, no treatment or intratracheal surfactant administration ...
Bahadue Felicia L - - 2012
Clinical trials have confirmed that surfactant therapy is effective in improving the immediate need for respiratory support and the clinical outcome of premature newborns. Trials have studied a wide variety of surfactant preparations used either to prevent (prophylactic or delivery room administration) or treat (selective or rescue administration) respiratory distress ...
Costacurta M - - 2012
The aim of this study is to present a case of Riga-Fede disease (RFD). RFD is a benign and uncommon mucosal disorder, characterized by an ulceration of the tongue, often caused by repetitive traumatic injuries due to backward and forward movements of the tongue over the mandibular anterior incisors. RFD ...
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