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Arya Ved Bhushan VB Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London, - - 2013
To characterise the phenotype and genotype of neonates born small-for-gestational age (SGA; birth weight <10th centile) who developed hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (HH). Clinical information was prospectively collected on 27 SGA neonates with HH, followed by sequencing of KCNJ11 and ABCC8. There was no correlation between the maximum glucose requirement and serum ...
Brunner Barbara B Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2013
To assess the risk for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and low platelet count with treatment with cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors. Diagnosis and treatment of PDA, as well as risk factors for IVH, were assessed using prospectively collected data of all ...
Aydin Ramazan - - 2013
Bloody nipple discharge, a rare finding in infants, is associated most often with benign mammary duct ectasia and commonly resolves spontaneously. Ultrasonography is a useful diagnostic imaging method to detect the cause of discharge. The rarity of this symptom in infants and its association with breast carcinoma in adults can ...
Mactier Helen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe the appearance and maturation of dark-adapted oscillatory potentials (OPs) in electroretinograms (ERGs) recorded from preterm infants, and to determine any effect of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Dark-adapted ERGs were recorded in conjunction with screening for ROP and at outpatient follow-up, using a flash luminance of 11.3 ...
Bai Jane P F JP Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA, Silver Spring, MD, USA. - - 2013
There are similar challenges in developing a product designed to treat patients with a rare disease and drugs to treat critically ill neonates and infants. Part of the challenge in developing such products as well as identifying the optimal dosing regimen for the treatment of young children arises from the ...
Koren Ilana - - 2013
Abstract Congenital hyperinsulinism is characterized by hypoglycemia caused by several genetic disorders of inappropriate insulin secretion. Octreotide, an analogue of somatostatin, plays a major role in the pharmaceutical treatment of this condition. A 9-month-old infant treated with octreotide developed anicteric hepatitis with no other proven cause. After the discontinuation of ...
Xie Hai-Yan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to examine the association between maternal oseltamivir treatment for influenza and infant outcomes during the 2009 HINI influenza pandemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using a population-based maternal newborn database including women who gave birth to a singleton infant in the Canadian province ...
Chen C - - 2013
The US infant formula market is estimated at over $3.5 billion, of which 75% are dairy-based formulas. Dried dairy powders pose a significant food safety risk, with Cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella spp. being pathogens of particular concern. Radio frequency dielectric heating (RFDH) can provide rapid, uniform heat treatment of dry ...
Sivanandan Sindhu - - 2013
Objective To compare the incidence of medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and adverse events (acute renal dysfunction, necrotizing enterocolitis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and gastrointestinal bleeding) between preterm infants who received indomethacin and ibuprofen for the treatment of PDA.Study Design A retrospective comparative effectiveness evaluation study was conducted on preterm infants ...
Tsui Irena - - 2013
PURPOSE:To examine whether clinically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) or indomethacin treatment are associated with plus disease or retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring treatment. METHODS:Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Charts were reviewed for gestational age, birth weight, birth head circumference, birth length, maternal characteristics, gender, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, neurologic comorbidities, PDA and its ...
Hensey Conor C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of low-flow oxygen, low-flow air and sham treatment given via nasal cannulae in preventing desaturation (falls in oxygen saturation (SpO(2))) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born at <33 weeks gestation receiving gas at flow rates <1 l/min via nasal cannulae were eligible for inclusion. ...
Haas David M DM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
We previously demonstrated that maternal and fetal genotypes are associated independently with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. The objective of the current study was to determine the impact of maternal and fetal single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in key betamethasone pathways on respiratory outcomes that serve as markers for severity of disease. DNA ...
Löhr Iren Høyland - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the duration of faecal carriage of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in infants colonized during a nosocomial neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outbreak after discharge from hospital, possible risk factors for long-term colonization and transmission to household contacts (HCs). METHODS: Fifty-one infants colonized with two unrelated clones of CTX-M-15 ...
Malviya Manoj N - - 2013
A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with significant left to right shunt increases morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Early closure of the ductus arteriosus may be achieved pharmacologically or by surgery. The preferred initial treatment of a symptomatic PDA, surgical ligation or treatment with indomethacin, is not clear. To compare ...
Stefanutti Claudia - - 2013
Chylomicronemia syndrome presenting in childhood is a rare recessive disorder due to mutations of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and more rarely of APOC2, APOA5, GPIHBP1 or LMF1 genes. It often requires urgent and suitable treatment to avoid acute pancreatitis. The aim of this study was the molecular characterization and treatment of ...
Hyttel-Sørensen Simon - - 2013
The research programme Safeguarding the Brains of our smallest Children (SafeBoosC) aims to test the benefits and harms of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) oximetry in infants born before 28 weeks of gestation. In a phase II trial, infants will be randomised to visible cerebral NIRS oximetry with pre-specified treatment guidelines ...
Yang Eun Mi - - 2013
There are few published reports concerning the efficacy of oral ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Oral ibuprofen was compared to intravenous indomethacin regarding efficacy and safety in the treatment of PDA in infants weighting less than 1,000g at birth. ...
Mutlu Fatih Mehmet - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a retinal vascular disease of premature infants, continues to be a major cause of preventable childhood blindness all over the world. The incidence of ROP varies among countries, being influenced by the quality of the level of neonatal intensive care. Here, we discuss the potential treatments ...
Boyle David S - - 2013
ABSTRACT Early diagnosis and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in infants can greatly reduce mortality rates. However, current infant HIV-1 diagnostics cannot reliably be performed at the point of care, often delaying treatment and compromising its efficacy. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is a novel technology that ...
Hahn Seokyung - - 2013
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) can occur when a newborn infant inhales a mixture of meconium and amniotic fluid into the lungs around the time of delivery. Other than supportive measures, little effective therapy is available. Lung lavage may be a potentially effective treatment for MAS by virtue of removing meconium ...
Deffenbacher Brandy - - 2013
Ichthyosis is a rare genetic disease that causes defects in skin keratinisation. Infants born with this disease have tight shiny skin that inhibits limb and ear mobilities, eyelid and lip deformities and poor hair and nail growths. In addition, the barrier properties of the skin are disrupted, which leads to ...
Hegar Badriul - - 2013
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a normal physiologic process occurring several times per day in healthy infants. Regurgitation is defined as the passage of refluxed gastric contents into the pharynx or mouth, sometimes with expulsion out of the mouth. There are only a few studies that have been performed to determine ...
Kim John J - - 2013
Despite recent advances in neonatal care and monitoring, asphyxia globally accounts for 23% of the 4 million annual deaths of newborns, and leads to hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Occurring in five of 1000 live-born infants globally and even more in developing countries, HIE is a serious problem that causes death in ...
Goldman Darin R - - 2013
The authors describe a preterm infant who developed advanced retinopathy of prematurity bilaterally with a prominent tunica vasculosa lentis. Treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab resulted in regression of the tunica vasculosa lentis and posterior manifestations of the retinopathy of prematurity. RetCam imaging (Clarity Medical Systems, Pleasanton, CA) of the anterior segment ...
Tukei Vincent J - - 2013
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is known to save lives. Among HIV-infected infants living in resource constrained settings, the short and long term benefits of ART are only partially known. This study was designed to determine the virologic, immunologic and clinical outcomes of antiretroviral therapy in a cohort of HIV-infected infants receiving ...
Eiby Yvonne A - - 2013
Large animal models are an essential tool in the development of rationally-based new clinical therapies for preterm infants. We provide a description of the newborn pig as a model of the preterm neonate in terms of growth parameters, physiology and the requirement for intensive care over a range of gestational ...
Senanayake Manouri P - - 2013
An 11-month-old infant presented with a subcutaneous nodule in the right cheek which was found by ultrasonography to be a worm. Following treatment with di-ethylcarbamazine, a worm emerged from the left upper eyelid which was confirmed to be Dirofilaria repens. Dirofilariasis usually manifests as a single lesion and is rare ...
Noy Avia Fux - - 2013
Extracting primary canine tooth buds is a ritual ceremony that prevails in some African countries. This procedure is considered infant oral mutilation (IOM) and may damage the permanent successor and adjacent primary and permanent teeth, resulting in dysplastic or deformed teeth. The purpose of this report was to describe regenerative ...
Hetem D J - - 2013
We report a highly probable case of transmission of a Yersinia enterocolitica from a pet puppy dog, adopted from a Spanish asylum, to a 1-year-old girl. After several weeks of diarrhoea, a PCR detecting enteropathogenic bacteria was performed on the faeces, revealing Y enterocolitica. Following cultures yielded a Y enterocolitica ...
Trevisanuto D - - 2013
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is the most common respiratory morbidity in preterm infants. In addition to respiratory support, the current clinical treatment includes endotracheal intubation and rapid instillation of exogenous surfactant. However, this approach needs skilled operators and has been associated with complications such as hemodynamic instability and electroencephalogram abnormalities. ...
Brown Patrick - - 2013
Leukemia in infants is rare but generates tremendous interest due to its aggressive clinical presentation in a uniquely vulnerable host, its poor response to current therapies, and its unique biology that is increasingly pointing the way toward novel therapeutic approaches. This review highlights the key clinical, pathologic, and epidemiologic features ...
Landgren Kajsa K Department of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, 221 00 Lund, - - 2013
Infantile colic is common, but no safe and effective conventional treatment exists. The use of acupuncture has increased despite weak evidence. This practitioner survey explores and discusses how infantile colic is regarded and treated in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The study is based on personal communication with 24 acupuncturists from ...
Abdel-Hady Hesham H Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mansoura University Children's Hospital, Gomhoria Street, Mansoura 35516, - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common clinical condition in preterm infants. Preterm newborns with PDA are at greater risk for several morbidities, including higher rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), decreased perfusion of vital organs, and mortality. Therefore, cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors and surgical interventions for ligation of PDA are widely ...
Goldman Darin R - - 2013
The authors describe a preterm infant who developed advanced retinopathy of prematurity bilaterally with a prominent tunica vasculosa lentis. Treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab resulted in regression of the tunica vasculosa lentis and posterior manifestations of the retinopathy of prematurity. RetCam imaging (Clarity Medical Systems, Pleasanton, CA) of the anterior segment ...
Puthiyachirakkal Mohammed M Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center , Cleveland, OH , - - 2013
Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN) results from the failure of relaxation of the pulmonary vasculature at birth, leading to shunting of non-oxygenated blood from the pulmonary to the systemic circulation. More often, full term and near-term infants are affected, however it is not uncommon to see PPHN in ...
Frumkin Kenneth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic issues of testing, treatment, prevention, immunization, mandated reporting, and post-exposure prophylaxis do not often intrude on the Emergency Department management of the well-appearing adolescent or adult with a couple of weeks of cough. OBJECTIVES: Considering that waning immunity to pertussis, the only vaccine-preventable disease with increasing cases and deaths ...
Beken Serdar - - 2012
Perinatal asphyxia is an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Hypothermia is an effective treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in infants. Cold agglutination is a primary or acquired autoimmune disease that involves autoantibodies that lead to hemagglutination at low temperatures lower than that of the body. In this case ...
Alao Maroufou J - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the disease burden, clinical features, treatment and outcomes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in neonates and infants weighing <5 kg in five sub-Saharan African countries.Methods: Pediatric hospital records were retrospectively reviewed for relevant cases. Details of clinical features, treatment and clinical outcomes were collected, and a descriptive analysis ...
Castellanos María Ana Martínez - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate ocular outcome in premature infants treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injections for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over a period of 3 years. METHODS: An interventional case series. Premature infants with high-risk prethreshold or threshold ROP with plus disease received an off label monotherapy with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab. ...
Krishnakumar Deepa - - 2012
Biotinidase deficiency is a treatable cause of infantile epilepsy and the presentation can be nonspecific. The seizures are difficult to differentiate from other causes of epileptic encephalopathy, which generally have a poor prognosis. We report 2 infants who presented with seizures, and whose low cerebrospinal fluid glucose and high cerebrospinal ...
Pinsker Jordan E - - 2013
Studies in preterm infants have shown that prolonged treatment with topical iodine (multiple doses, often over multiple days) can transiently suppress thyroid function. However, it is uncertain if topical iodine exposure for very short periods of time can cause significant changes in thyroid function. We report two cases of transient ...
Yurttutan Sadik - - 2012
Background and Objectives: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. This case series was conducted to investigate the usefulness of paracetamol as a first choice for the treatment of PDA in preterm infants. Subjects and Methods: Preterm infants were prospectively enrolled. Treatment ...
Woods Amanda G - - 2012
Whole-body cooling, or therapeutic hypothermia, is increasingly becoming the standard of treatment for moderate to severe neonatal encephalopathy because it reduces neurodevelopmental disabilities and mortality in term neonates. Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) of the newborn has been identified as a potential side effect of birth asphyxia. In recent literature, there ...
Biggs C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In Sub-Saharan Africa, children commonly present with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) complicated by HIV/AIDS. In 2005, the South African Department of Health implemented the World Health Organization (WHO) Ten Step programme for the inpatient treatment of SAM. Dietary management with F75 and F100 (where the terms F75 and F100 ...
Dani Carlo - - 2013
Inhaled Nitric oxide (iNO) has been proposed as effective treatment for improving oxygenation in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and for preventing the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This drug evaluation mainly reviews the results of clinical studies on the effects of iNO in preterm infants with RDS ...
Sublett Juli - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) occurs in infants exposed to opiates or illicit drugs during pregnancy. It can be severe and cause long hospital stays after birth and with symptoms up to 6 months after birth. Pharmacologic interventions are commonly used as treatment for NAS; however, their safety and efficacy ...
Nassef Sari Kokkonen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe and interpret experiences of parents whose newborns are treated with induced hypothermia following perinatal asphyxia. DESIGN: A qualitative exploratory study. SETTING: Data collection in parental home environments (n = 8) and in a study room in a university library (n = 2). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 10 parents, seven mothers and ...
Zhu Xianlun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to review the role of choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) for hydrocephalus not due to CSF overproduction. METHODS: The literatures covering CPC/cauterization/extirpation and ablation searched through PubMed were reviewed. RESULTS: The history of CPC goes back to early 1900s by open surgery. It has evolved to mainly ...
Gokmen Zeynel - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the diagnostic potential of resistin in sepsis and to compare results with C-reactive protein (CRP) in infants < 32 weeks of gestation.Study Design A total of 64 infants were prospectively included in the study. Blood samples were collected for basal CRP and resistin within the first hour of life. When sepsis ...
Lambeek Af - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Lambeek A, De Hundt M, Vlemmix F, Akerboom B, Bais J, Papatsonis D, Mol B, Kok M. Risk of developmental dysplasia of the hip in breech presentation: the effect of successful external cephalic version. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12013. Objective  To evaluate the effect of successful ...
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