Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1518
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Dube Lamessa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality accounts for almost 67 percent of under-five child mortality that occurs globally. An understanding of factors related to infant mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to reduce infant deaths. But no community based studies have been conducted to identify determinants ...
Oren Asaf - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine a large population of infants with mild neonatal hyperthhyrotropinemia (MNH) and determine prevalence, clinical characteristics and treatment history. METHODS: Retrospective study of infants with MNH followed at The Hospital for Sick Children between 2000-2011. MNH was defined by an abnormal newborn screen followed by TSH between 5-30 ...
Prasad Deepa - - 2013
Atrial flutter (AFL) is an uncommon arrhythmia in the fetal and neonatal period and without appropriate treatment, it can lead to hydrops fetalis and even death. Treatment for neonatal AFL includes medications, transesophageal overdrive pacing or synchronized direct current cardioversion (DCC). Ibutilide is an accepted pharmacologic method of cardioversion in ...
Hakansson A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mortality in previously incarcerated individuals is known to be elevated, with high proportions of drug-related deaths. However, there is less documentation of whether specific substance use patterns and other clinical characteristics predict increased mortality in the group. METHODS: This is a follow-up study of mortality and causes of death ...
CsekĊ‘ Aj - - 2013
AIM: Both hypothermia and central nervous system (CNS) drugs may alter the predictive accuracy of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). The aim was to assess the predictive value of aEEG in hypothermia-treated HIE infants. Furthermore, we intended to investigate the association of cumulative doses of CNS drugs with ...
O'Connor Alane B - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To determine whether infant gender influences the course of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) following exposure to buprenorphine during pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in which maternal and infant data were collected for 46 male and 44 female infants. All infants were born to women enrolled ...
Gokmen Tulin - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the effectiveness of oral clarithromycin versus placebo treatment in preventing feeding intolerance in very low birth weight infants. Study Design: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial in which two groups of preterm infants (birth weight < 1500g) were randomized to clarithromycin (7.5 mg/kg/ dose every 12 h) ...
Goodman Janice H - - 2013
Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) and mother-infant relationship dysfunction have reciprocal effects on each other and thus an integrated approach that addresses both problems simultaneously may lead to improved outcomes. This study aimed to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a new intervention, Perinatal Dyadic Psychotherapy (PDP), for the ...
Stoszek Sonia K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe temporal management and outcome trends among HIV-1-infected pregnant women and their infants enrolled in the NISDI Perinatal and LILAC cohorts. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 1548 HIV-1-infected pregnant women and their 1481 singleton live-born infants was analyzed. Participants were enrolled at 24 Latin American and Caribbean sites ...
Verma Prashant - - 2013
Treatment of perniosis with topical nitroglycerin ointment is reported in a 6-month-old boy.
Michalowicz Bryan S - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk than term infants for physical and developmental disorders. Morbidity and mortality increases as gestational age at delivery decreases. Observational studies indicate an association between poor periodontal health and risk for preterm birth or low birthweight, making periodontitis a potentially modifiable risk factor for prematurity. ...
Oschman A - - 2013
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major cause of birth defects and childhood disorders in the United States. Retinitis occurs in 25% of infants with severely symptomatic congenital CMV and in ∼1% of asymptomatic infants. Intravitreal ganciclovir is recommended in adults with CMV retinitis (CMVR) refractory or noncompliant to intravenous ...
Michalowicz Bryan S - - 2013
Background: Preterm infants are at greater risk than term infants for physical and developmental disorders. Morbidity and mortality increases as gestational age at delivery decreases. Observational studies indicate an association between poor periodontal health and risk for preterm birth or low birthweight, making periodontitis a potentially modifiable risk factor for ...
Duncan S D - - 2013
Baclofen is a gamma-aminobutyric acid agonist used primarily as a muscle relaxant to treat spasticity in children and adults. Withdrawal of oral baclofen is known to cause a withdrawal syndrome in adults. Only one previous case describes a withdrawal syndrome in a term infant, manifested by seizures, associated with the ...
Murphy Joseph T - - 2013
Spontaneous perforation of the bile duct (SPBD) is a rare abnormality of the extrahepatic biliary tree in infants. Limited porta hepatis exploration and drainage of the bile-soiled peritoneum are often sufficient treatment. Here, we describe three cases of SPBD, one of which required complex multi-disciplinary interventions for restoration of biliary ...
Hendaus M - - 2013
Subdural empyema (SDE) is a focal accumulation of pus between the arachnoid and dura matter. In infants and young children, it is usually attributed to meningitis complications. SDE is considered a serious neurological condition and the culprit is usually a single organism. In rare occasions, polymicrobial is the cause and ...
Ward Robert M - - 2013
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have become some of the most frequently prescribed medications for treatment of adults and children. Their effectiveness for treatment of peptic conditions in the pediatric population, including gastric ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and Helicobacter pylori infections has been established for children older than 1 year. ...
Grigoriadis Sophie S Women's Mood and Anxiety Clinic: Reproductive Transitions, Department of Psychiatry, FG 29, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada. - - 2013
Conflicting reports on potential risks of antidepressant exposure during gestation for the infant have been reported in the literature. This systematic review and meta-analysis on immediate neonatal outcomes were conducted to clarify what, if any, risks are faced by infants exposed to antidepressants in utero. Subanalyses address known methodological limitations ...
Oláh J - - 2013
Blue light (BL) phototherapy has been an essential therapeutic tool in the management of neonatal jaundice for decades. It is rarely accompanied by acute dermatological and systemic side-effects, but fortunately these are reversible, and can be adequately and promptly treated in routine neonatal practice. In contrast, much less is known ...
Perme Tina - - 2013
Abstract Prostaglandin E1 (alprostadil) is widely used for maintaining the patency of ductus arteriosus in ductus-dependent congenital heart defects in neonates to improve oxygenation. Among more common side effects are fever, rash, apnoea, diarrhoea, jitteriness, and flushing. More severe side effects are brown fat necrosis, cortical hyperostosis, and gastric outlet ...
Afsharpaiman S - - 2013
Respiratory difficulties and breathing disorders in achondroplasia are thought to underlie the increased risk for sudden infant death and neuropsychological deficits seen in this condition. This review evaluates literature regarding respiratory dysfunctions and their sequelae in patients with achondroplasia. The limited number of prospective studies of respiratory disease in achondroplasia ...
Bhandari Anita - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a complex disorder secondary to gene-environment interactions, and is the commonest chronic lung disease in infancy. There is no specific or effective treatment available to date for BPD. Since the aetiopathogenesis of BPD is multifactorial, involving diverse molecular signaling pathways, a variety of biomarkers detected in ...
Ricotti Alberto - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for RDS in extremely/very low birth-weight infants, represents the new challenge for neonatologists. In this regard, data comparing the effectiveness of BiLevel-NCPAP (BiPAP) versus Nasal Synchronized Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation (NSIPPV) as primary mode of treatment for RDS are lacking. Study design: We conducted a ...
Saleh Mohammad I MI Division of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52212, - - 2013
A population pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model was developed to describe changes in erythropoiesis as a function of plasma erythropoietin (EPO) concentration over the first 30 days of life in preterm infants who developed severe anemia requiring red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Several covariates were tested as possible factors influencing the responsiveness ...
Ahn Seong Joon - - 2013
To report the clinical features, clinical course, and treatment outcomes after laser photocoagulation in infants with aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) and capillary-free zones in vascularized retina. Six patients (12 eyes) with APROP and capillary-free zones in vascularized retina were retrospectively reviewed. Twelve eyes of six infants were included ...
Clyman Ronald R Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0544, USA. - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that infants who are just being introduced to enteral feedings will advance to full enteral nutrition at a faster rate if they receive "trophic" (15 mL/kg/d) enteral feedings while receiving indomethacin or ibuprofen treatment for patent ductus arteriosus. Infants were eligible for the study if they ...
Schreen Gerd - - 2013
The number of cranial deformities has increased considerably since international efforts of pediatricians to recommend parents putting their babies to sleep in the supine position as a strategy to reduce sudden death syndrome of the newborn. On the one hand, this program has demonstrated very efficient results at reducing deaths ...
Logan Beth A BA Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and Department of Psychology, University of Maine, Orono, ME, - - 2013
Recent rise in rates of opiate replacement therapy among pregnant women have resulted in increasing number of infants requiring treatment for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Short-term and long-term developmental outcomes associated with prenatal opiate exposure are discussed, including symptoms and severity of NAS, and early cognitive and motor delays. Maternal ...
Fischer Céline - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We observed two preterm infants who developed severe hypokalaemia following doxapram. We therefore wished to review the possible association between doxapram and severe hypokalaemia. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of preterm infants born before 32 weeks of gestation and hospitalised in our intensive care unit in 2004. For each ...
Watanabe Shinichi - - 2013
Recent findings have focused on the possible role of linezolid (LZD) as a suitable candidate for the treatment of central nervous system infections. LZD treatment for meningitis has been sporadically reported in adults, but there are no reports in neonates or infants. We report a case of meningitis caused by ...
Kwak H-M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Although the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is recommended to prolong pregnancy and decrease short-term neonatal complications, the optimal regimen remains undetermined. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of cefazolin plus macrolide (erythromycin or clarithromycin) versus cefazolin ...
Ogutu Bernhards - - 2013
WHO Treatment Guidelines recommend that artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Artemether plus lumefantrine (AL) is currently approved in 86 countries, with 30 of the 47 sub-Saharan African countries using it as first-line therapy, and 8 as second-line therapy. The dispersible formulation of AL ...
Rylance Sarah - - 2013
To assess the correlation between total serum bilirubin (TSB) and transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) values in Malawian newborn infants, and to investigate whether TcB can be used safely to guidephototherapy treatment in the absence of TSB results. 128 newborn jaundiced infants were studied in the neonatal nursery at Queen Elizabeth CentralHospital, ...
van Rooij Linda G M - - 2013
Seizures occur more often during the neonatal period than at any other period of life. Precise incidence is difficult to delineate and depends on study population and criteria used for diagnosis of seizures. Controversy exists as to whether neonatal seizures themselves cause damage to the developing brain, or if the ...
Urtishak Karen A KA Division of Oncology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Survival in infants younger than 1 year who have acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is inferior whether MLL is rearranged (R) or germline (G). MLL translocations confer chemotherapy resistance, and infants experience excess complications. We characterized in vitro sensitivity to the pan-antiapoptotic BCL-2 family inhibitor obatoclax mesylate in diagnostic leukemia cells ...
Smith Christine H - - 2013
Question Crying is common in infants; however, caring for infants with inconsolable crying, previously also known as colic or reflux, is often extremely distressing for parents. Is there a benefit to using gastric acid suppression (eg, proton pump inhibitors [PPIs]) in these infants? Answer The use of PPIs in infants ...
Hook Kristen P - - 2013
Vascular birthmarks can be difficult to diagnose in the perinatal period due to varied growth characteristics and similar initial appearances. Location and type of birthmark can provide signals that extracutaneous involvement may be a concern. This article provides a baseline framework that can help diagnose, define associations and guide workup ...
Feldman Amy G - - 2013
Cholestatic jaundice is a common presenting feature of neonatal hepatobiliary and metabolic dysfunction. Any infant who remains jaundiced beyond age 2 to 3 weeks should have the serum bilirubin level fractionated into a conjugated (direct) and unconjugated (indirect) portion. Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia is never physiologic or normal. The differential diagnosis of ...
Shellhaas Renée A RA Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Phenobarbital is the first-line treatment for neonatal seizures. Many neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy are treated with therapeutic hypothermia, and about 40% have clinical seizures. Little is known about the pharmacokinetics of phenobarbital in infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy who undergo therapeutic hypothermia. The objective of this study was to ...
Arya Ved Bhushan VB Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London, - - 2013
To characterise the phenotype and genotype of neonates born small-for-gestational age (SGA; birth weight <10th centile) who developed hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (HH). Clinical information was prospectively collected on 27 SGA neonates with HH, followed by sequencing of KCNJ11 and ABCC8. There was no correlation between the maximum glucose requirement and serum ...
Brunner Barbara B Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2013
To assess the risk for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and low platelet count with treatment with cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors. Diagnosis and treatment of PDA, as well as risk factors for IVH, were assessed using prospectively collected data of all ...
Aydin Ramazan - - 2013
Bloody nipple discharge, a rare finding in infants, is associated most often with benign mammary duct ectasia and commonly resolves spontaneously. Ultrasonography is a useful diagnostic imaging method to detect the cause of discharge. The rarity of this symptom in infants and its association with breast carcinoma in adults can ...
Mactier Helen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To describe the appearance and maturation of dark-adapted oscillatory potentials (OPs) in electroretinograms (ERGs) recorded from preterm infants, and to determine any effect of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Dark-adapted ERGs were recorded in conjunction with screening for ROP and at outpatient follow-up, using a flash luminance of 11.3 ...
Bai Jane P F JP Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA, Silver Spring, MD, USA. - - 2013
There are similar challenges in developing a product designed to treat patients with a rare disease and drugs to treat critically ill neonates and infants. Part of the challenge in developing such products as well as identifying the optimal dosing regimen for the treatment of young children arises from the ...
Koren Ilana - - 2013
Abstract Congenital hyperinsulinism is characterized by hypoglycemia caused by several genetic disorders of inappropriate insulin secretion. Octreotide, an analogue of somatostatin, plays a major role in the pharmaceutical treatment of this condition. A 9-month-old infant treated with octreotide developed anicteric hepatitis with no other proven cause. After the discontinuation of ...
Xie Hai-Yan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to examine the association between maternal oseltamivir treatment for influenza and infant outcomes during the 2009 HINI influenza pandemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using a population-based maternal newborn database including women who gave birth to a singleton infant in the Canadian province ...
Chen C - - 2013
The US infant formula market is estimated at over $3.5 billion, of which 75% are dairy-based formulas. Dried dairy powders pose a significant food safety risk, with Cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella spp. being pathogens of particular concern. Radio frequency dielectric heating (RFDH) can provide rapid, uniform heat treatment of dry ...
Sivanandan Sindhu - - 2013
Objective To compare the incidence of medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and adverse events (acute renal dysfunction, necrotizing enterocolitis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and gastrointestinal bleeding) between preterm infants who received indomethacin and ibuprofen for the treatment of PDA.Study Design A retrospective comparative effectiveness evaluation study was conducted on preterm infants ...
Tsui Irena - - 2013
PURPOSE:To examine whether clinically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) or indomethacin treatment are associated with plus disease or retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring treatment. METHODS:Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Charts were reviewed for gestational age, birth weight, birth head circumference, birth length, maternal characteristics, gender, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, neurologic comorbidities, PDA and its ...
Hensey Conor C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of low-flow oxygen, low-flow air and sham treatment given via nasal cannulae in preventing desaturation (falls in oxygen saturation (SpO(2))) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born at <33 weeks gestation receiving gas at flow rates <1 l/min via nasal cannulae were eligible for inclusion. ...
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